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Mona; s.n; 2002. ii,65 p. tab.
Tese em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17159


This study was done to identify the barriers to condom use as experienced by a sample of women aged 15-49 years inclusive attending the General Medical (CUR) and Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) clinics at two urban public health centres in St. James and Kingston & St. Andrew, Jamaica. A structured interviewer-administered questionnaire was applied to 267 respondents. Two (2) focus group discussions were conducted with women of the same target group. The findings show that while the women's knowledge of HIV/AIDS and the effectivenes of condoms was generally high, most of them had postitive attitudes and beliefs with respect to condom use, the majority did not use condoms consistently with either their regular or non-regular partners. Several women did not perceive a need to use condoms as they felt safe in their relationships - had only one partner, lived with the partner, and/or trusted the partner. Others cited partner refusal or the anticipation of negative response from the partner if they requested condom use. In addition, for some women, there were physical barriers to condom use - genital itching and irritation, dislike of how condoms feel and/or smell and the experience of decrease in sexual pleasure. About 47 percent of the women studied self reported a history of sexually transmitted infection (STI), with 50 percent reporting a history of STI in the preceding 12 months. These women with low condom use behaviour and risky sexual practices are at high risk of HIV/AIDS. The challenge, therefore, is for condom use promotion messages to be developed which target the women in particular. These should teach them proper HIV/STI risk assessment and condom use negotiation skills. They should also seek to educate the women as to how to overcome some of the physical barriers to condom use while still practising safer sex (AU)

Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Preservativos , Saúde da Mulher , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Promoção da Saúde , Jamaica , Sexo Seguro , Sexo Seguro/psicologia , Região do Caribe
Mona; s.n; Oct. 1999. i,54 p. tab.
Tese em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17214


Parents play a vital role in the lives of their children because they transmit and interpret acceptable cultural behaviour and help to mold the personality of their children. The study was designed to assess knowledge, attitude and practices of parents with regard to early sexual debut and distribution of contraceptive to sexually active children under 16 years. The study was designed to assess knowledge, attitude and practices of parents with regard to early sexual debut and distribution of contraceptives to sexually active children under 16 years. It was carried out on 75 parents in a rural district in Westmoreland. Two streets in the district were randomly selected and all parents with children aged 10-15 years were interviewed. Personal interviews were conducted by the researcher using pre-coded questionnaires. The results showed that while the majority of parents were knowledgeable about sexual activities in children, less that half knew about sexual activities in their children. They strongly disliked the practice of early sexual activities in children. Parental consent for contraceptive was not the preferred practice as the majority of parents expressed that they would not give consent for their children to access contraceptives but it must be made available so that children can access it when all else fail. Parents prefer to talk to and to counsel their sexually active children instead of offering contraceptives. The majority indicated that they are fulfilling their role as sexuality educators for their children (AU)

Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto , Dispositivos Anticoncepcionais/provisão & distribução , Dispositivos Anticoncepcionais , Conhecimento , Educação Sexual , /educação , Comportamento Sexual , Sexo Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Jamaica , Região do Caribe