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J Med Virol ; 59(2): 245-55, Oct. 1999.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-1311


Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) is associated with adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM). Other inflammatory disorders may occur in HTLV-I-infected patients, such as sicca syndrome resembling Sjogren's syndrome. The sicca syndrome may be the unique clinical manifestation of HTLV-I infection, but is associated frequently with TSP/HAM, which could suggest that sicca syndrome might be an early event in disease progression to TSP/HAM in some cases. We investigated whether peculiar pX and LTR mutations could be related to sicca syndrome, or might argue the existence of clinical progression to TSP/HAM. pX, especially pX(I), pX(II), and pX(IV) ORFs corresponding to Tax cytotoxic T-lymphocyte epitopes, and LTR regions from Caribbean patients who have sicca sydrome with or without TSP/HAM, ATL patients, and healthy carriers were sequenced. The sequences were aligned and compared with ATK-1 prototype and published sequences. LTR sequences exhibited 1.5-2.4 percent of divergence with ATK-1. pX-sequenced regions showed a lower homology within p12(I) encoding sequences. Only few mutations were found within functionally important regions, but were not associated specifically with the clinical status. Finally, no existence of clinical progression to TSP/HAM were found. It would be of interest to study the clinical evolution of HTLV-I-sicca syndrome in patients and to determine HTLV-I sequences from peripheral blood and salivary glands at different stages. Copyright 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.(Au)

Idoso , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano/genética , Infecções por HTLV-I/virologia , Paraparesia Espástica Tropical/diagnóstico , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Síndrome de Sjogren/virologia , Sequências Repetidas Terminais/genética , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sequência de Bases , Região do Caribe , Progressão da Doença , Genoma Viral , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Fases de Leitura Aberta/genética , Paraparesia Espástica Tropical/virologia , Alinhamento de Sequência
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 257(2): 300-5, Apr. 13, 1999.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-1360


Heartwater is an economically important disease of ruminants caused by the tick-transmitted rickettsia Cowdria ruminantium. The disease is present in Africa and the Caribbean and there is a risk of spread to the Americas, particularly because of a clinically asymptomatic carrier state in infected livestock and imported wild animals. The causative agent is closely related taxonomically to the human and animal pathogens Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Ehrlichia canis. A dominant immune response of infected animals or people is directed against variable outer membrane proteins of these agents known, in E. chaffeensis and E. canis, to be encoded by polymorphic multigene families. We demonstrate, by sequence analysis, the map1 encoding the major outer membrane protein of C. ruminantium is also encoded by a polymorphic multigene family. Two members of the gene family are located in tandem in the genome. The upstream member, orf2, is conserved, encoding only 2 amino acid substitution among six different rickettsial strains from diverse locations in Africa and the Caribbean. In contrast, the downstream member, map1, contains variable and conserved regions between strains. Interestingly, orf2 is more closely related in sequence to omplb of E. chaffeensis than to map1 of C. ruminantium. The regions that differ among orf2, map1, and omp1b correspond to previously identified variable sequences in outer membrane protein genes of E. chaffeensis and E. canis. These data suggest that diversity in these outer membrane proteins may arise by recombination among gene family members and offer a potential mechanism for persistence of infection in carrier animals.(AU)

Estudo Comparativo , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/genética , Sequência Conservada , Ehrlichia ruminantium/genética , Família Multigênica/genética , Variação Genética , África , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Região do Caribe , Bases de Dados Factuais , Ehrlichia chaffeensis/genética , Genoma Bacteriano , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fases de Leitura Aberta/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo Genético , Alinhamento de Sequência , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos