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Dermatology ; 199(4): 356-60, 1999.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-859


Reports from Jamaica have indicated that some patients with infective dermatitis or atopic dermatitis (AD) are seropositive for antibodies to human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1). We describe a 32-year-old Israeli woman with long-term AD and paresthesia in the distal parts of the extremities. Neurological examination revealed a positive Babinski's sign. HLA typing demonstrated that this patient has the common HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) and infective dermatitis haplotype for DRBI* DQBI*. The presence of HTLV-1 was demonstrated with polymerase chain reaction; HTLV-1-antibodies were detected by the Western blot method and by inoculation of the patient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells into F344 rats. This study confirms the presence of HTLV-1 antibodies and proviral genome in a patient with AD which later evolved into HAM/TSP. We cannot yet conclude whether these two diseases are associated or coincidental disorders.(Au)

Adulto , Ratos , 21003 , Relatos de Casos , Feminino , Humanos , Dermatite Atópica/complicações , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano , Infecções por HTLV-I/complicações , Doenças da Medula Espinal/complicações , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Dermatite Atópica/patologia , Hemofilia B , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo VI , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Genes/genética , Genes/fisiologia , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano/genética , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano/imunologia , Infecções por Deltaretrovirus/sangue , Infecções por Deltaretrovirus/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Ratos Endogâmicos F344
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 81(15): 4894-8, Aug. 1984.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-9328


Hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) is a benign condition in which the normal shutoff of fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) production fails to occur. In the G gamma beta+ type of HPFH, erythrocytes of adult heterozygotes contain approximately equal to 20 percent Hb F, which is almost exclusively of the G gamma-globin variety, without increased levels of gamma-globin chains from the nearby A gamma-globin gene. Unlike some forms of HPFH, no major deletions in the globin gene cluster have been found by genomic blotting in the G gamma beta+ variety. We report here a family with this condition, from which cosmid clones of the beta-globin gene cluster from the G gamma beta+ HPFH allele have been obtained. Sequencing around the fetal genes has identified a point mutation 202 base pairs 5' to the G gamma-globin gene that is present in genomic DNA of 3/3 unrelated individuals with G gamma beta+ HPFH but in none of more than 100 non-HPFH individuals. Although the mutation could represent a tightly linked polymorphism, its location in a region suggested by recent data to be important in tissue-specific control of gene expression suggests the possibility that the -202 mutation accounts for the phenotype. The sequence created resembles elements of other eukaryotic promoters known to be important for efficient transcription. (AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Hemoglobina Fetal/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Globinas/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Genes , Sequência de Bases , Ligação Genética , Mutação
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 81(3): 853-6, Feb. 1984.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-9327


In order to investigate the origin(s) of the mutation(s) leading to the beta S-globin gene in North American populations of African ancestory, we analysed DNA polymorphisms in the beta-globin gene cluster in a large number of both beta A- and beta S-globin gene-bearing chromosomes in U.S. and Jamaican Blacks. We found 16 different haplotypes of polymorphic sites associated with 170 beta S-globin gene-bearing chromosomes. The three most common beta S haplotypes, which account for 151/170 of the beta S-globin gene-bearing chromosomes, are only rarely seen in the chromosomes bearing the beta A-globin gene in these populations (6/47). Two observations suggest multiple origins or interallelic gene conversion, or both, of the beta S mutation. First, the mutation is present in all three beta-globin gene frameworks. Second, the beta S haplotypes can be divided into four groups, each of which cannot be derived from any other by less than two crossing-over events. In summary, our observation of the beta S mutation on 16 different halotypes in African populations can be best explained by (i) a number of simple recombination events 5' to the beta-globin gene and (ii) up to four independent mutations and/or interallelic gene conversions. (AU)

Humanos , Alelos , Anemia Falciforme/genética , Conversão Gênica , Genes , Globinas/genética , Hemoglobina Falciforme/genética , Mutação , Polimorfismo Genético , Homozigoto , Jamaica/etnologia
J Med Genet ; 13(1): 20-6, Feb. 1976.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-9331


Five families are described in which there have been matings between individuals doubly heterozygous for beta thalassaemia and the delta-chain variant haemoglobin A2' to normal persons. In all there were 24 informative offspring. There were no crossovers between the beta-thalassaemia and delta-chain loci; in three of the families the genes were linked in cis and in two families the genes were found in trans.Together with previously reported families there have now been 58 opportunities for crossing over between the beta-thalassaemia and delta-chain loci and there have been two possible and one highly probable crossovers. Of the total of 9 families reported to date 4 have had the genes for beta thalassaemia and Hb A2' in cis and 5 in trans. These findings are contrasted with the findings in families where a beta-chain structural variant and Hb A2' have been observed together and these genes have always been found in trans and never in cis. The reasons for linkage disequilibrium of this type are discussed. It is concluded tentatively that the distance between the delta-structural and beta-thalassaemia loci is greater than that between the delta-structural and beta-structural loci. To date this conclusion can only be applied to the beta+ -thalassaemia and beta-thalassaemia genes as found in the African population, since this is the only population with a high incidence of delta-chain mutants which allow linkage analysis of this type to be carried out. (AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Genes , Hemoglobinas Anormais , Ligação Genética , Talassemia/genética , África , Eletroforese em Gel de Amido , Hemoglobinas/análise , Heterozigoto , Linhagem , Talassemia/sangue