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1.
Nyam news ; (December): 1-3, Dec. 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17894

RESUMO

Better belly bust that good food waste for Christmas is the refrain of a popular Christmas song in Trinidad and Tobago; a sentiment with which many around the world will agree. The holiday season can be enjoyed without over indulging but requires some deliberate planning and forethought to resist the many tasty temptations.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Alimentos , Hiperfagia , Ingestão de Alimentos , Saúde , Férias e Feriados
2.
Nyam news ; (November): 1-3, Nov. 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17893

RESUMO

A burst of excitement on the international althletic scene has had the world wondering just how much of the althletic performance is due to nutrition. Some say the secret lies in yam, and yet others think it is in food processing and food quality that makes the difference. But is there really a link between performance and nutrition? If so, what is it?


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Alimentos , Esportes , Carboidratos , Nutrientes , Exercício Físico
3.
Nyam news ; (October): 1-3, Oct. 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17892

RESUMO

The importance of good nutrition is understood by most, if not all people, even those without access to scientific studies and proofs. It is widely believed, and rightly so, that poor nutrition is linked to poor academic performance, lack of energy, less favourble behaviour and poor growth in children. Studies have shown that when a child who previously did not have access to a health breakfast is regularly fed a healthy breakfast, overall performance in school improves.


Assuntos
Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Ciências da Nutrição , Local de Trabalho , Saúde , Alimentos
4.
Nyam news ; (August): 1-4, Aug. 2010. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17900

RESUMO

Raw foods are foods (usually plant foods) that have not been cooked (heated) of processed in any way. Such foods include fresh fruits and vegetables, grains, nuts, seeds and beans.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alimentos , Dieta , Neoplasias , Obesidade , Nutrientes
5.
Nyam news ; (March): 1-3, Mar. 2010. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17587

RESUMO

Plant foods, including vegetables and fruits, are a source of many micro-nutrients and bioactive compounds that may figure protecting against cancers of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, pancreas, stomach, oesophagus, colon, rectum, lung and prostate.


Assuntos
Humanos , Caribbean Public Health Agency , Alimentos , Neoplasias , Jamaica , Trinidad e Tobago
6.
Nyam news ; (February): 1-3, Feb. 2010. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17586

RESUMO

Cancer is the second highest cause of death in the Caribbean. There is a lot of evidence to show that our diets play a role in both the development and the outcome of cancer. Cancer experts report that around one third of cancers are preventable by good nutrition. This is because there are some foods and food constituents that probably decrease the chance of us getting cancer.


Assuntos
Humanos , Neoplasias , Alimentos , Caribbean Public Health Agency , Jamaica , Região do Caribe
7.
The open food science journal ; 2: 23-28, Mar 2008. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17783

RESUMO

This study was designed to determine the prevalence and microbial load of Listeria spp., Escherichia coli O157 and Salmonella spp. in ready-to-eat products in supermarkets across Trinidad. The microbial load was assessed using the total aerobic plate count (TAPC) per g/ml of foods and prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 and Salmonella spp. determined using conventional methods. For Listeria monocytogenes, immunomagnetic separation (IMS), TECRA (enzymelinked immunosorbent assay, ELISA) and conventional methods were used. The log10 mean ñ sd TAPC per g or ml was highest for vegetables (11.0ñ11.6), and lowest for seafood (5.2ñ5.7) (p < 0.05). The prevalence of L. monocytogenes was 1.7 per cent. Sixteen (4.5 per cent) of 153 samples yielded E. coli but all samples were negative for Salmonella spp. and E. coli O157. The high microbial load and isolation of L. monocytogenes and E. coli from popular RTE foods could pose a health risk to consumers in the country.


Assuntos
Animais , Humanos , Escherichia coli , Salmonella , Listeria monocytogenes , Separação Imunomagnética , Alimentos , Trinidad e Tobago
8.
In. The Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute. Public Polices in Agriculture for Health and Nutrition. Kingston, The Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute, 2007. p.156-171. (Cajanus, 40, 3).
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-18223

RESUMO

Trade and food security are tied together in the Caribbean through a variety of linkages rooted in the importance of exports and imports to their economies. On the one hand, export-oriented economic activity is a major source of foreign exchange and employment-based income-earning opportunities (linked to both the supply and accessibility dimensions of food security). On the other hand imports are equally critical to nutritional and stability dimension of food security, as most of these countries are net food importers. Further , much of the production for national, regional and international trade is dependent on imported inputs, thereby underlining the dynamic synergies between imports, exports and food security. The first section of this paper highlights trade and food security linkages in the Caribbean.


Assuntos
Região do Caribe , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Saúde , Alimentos
9.
In. The Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute. Public Polices in Agriculture for Health and Nutrition. Kingston, The Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute, 2007. p.156-171. (Cajanus, 40, 3).
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-18316

RESUMO

Trade and food security are tied together in the Caribbean through a variety of linkages rooted in the importance of exports and imports to their economies. On the one hand, export-oriented economic activity is a major source of foreign exchange and employment-based income-earning opportunities (linked to both the supply and accessibility dimensions of food security). On the other hand imports are equally critical to nutritional and stability dimension of food security, as most of these countries are net food importers. Further , much of the production for national, regional and international trade is dependent on imported inputs, thereby underlining the dynamic synergies between imports, exports and food security. The first section of this paper highlights trade and food security linkages in the Caribbean.


Assuntos
Região do Caribe , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Saúde , Alimentos
10.
BMC public health ; 6(26): [1-8], Feb. 2006. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We tested the properties of the 18 Household Food Security Survey (HFSS) items, and the validity of the resulting food security classifications, in an English-speaking middle-income country. METHODS: Survey of primary school children in Trinidad and Tobago. Parents completed the HFSS. Responses were analysed for the 10 adult-referenced items and the eight child-referenced items. Item response theory models were fitted. Item calibrations and subject scores from a one-parameter logistic (1PL) model were compared with those from either two-parameter logistic model (2PL) or a model for differential item functioning (DIF) by ethnicity. RESULTS: There were 5219 eligible with 3858 (74%) completing at least one food security item. Adult item calibrations (standard error) in the 1PL model ranged from -4.082 (0.019) for the 'worried food would run out' item to 3.023 (0.042) for 'adults often do not eat for a whole day'. Child item calibrations ranged from -3.715 (0.025) for 'relied on a few kinds of low cost food' to 3.088 (0.039) for 'child didn't eat for a whole day'. Fitting either a 2PL model, which allowed discrimination parameters to vary between items, or a differential item functioning model, which allowed item calibrations to vary between ethnic groups, had little influence on interpretation. The classification based on the adult-referenced items showed that there were 19% of respondents who were food insecure without hunger, 10% food insecure with moderate hunger and 6% food insecure with severe hunger. The classification based on the child-referenced items showed that there were 23% of children who were food insecure without hunger and 9% food insecure with hunger. In both children and adults food insecurity showed a strong, graded association with lower monthly household income (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: These results support the use of 18 HFSS items to classify food security status of adults or children in an English-speaking country where food insecurity and hunger are more frequent overall than in the US.


Assuntos
Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Alimentos , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia , Abastecimento de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Trinidad e Tobago , Região do Caribe
11.
International journal of epidemiology ; 32(4): 516-517, Aug. 2003. graf
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17615

RESUMO

Gulliford and colleagues report in this issue of the International Journal of Epidemiology on a study in Trinidad and Tobago that investigated whether household food insecurity was associated with obesity in this middle-income country. They found that food insecurity was associated with underweight but not with obesity. Food insecurity was also associated with decreased consumption of fruits and vegetables, a result previously reported in several studies, and with physical limitations, a result previously reported for elders in the US.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Comportamento de Escolha , Dieta , Alimentos , Privação de Alimentos , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Frutas , Trinidad e Tobago , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Verduras
12.
International journal of epidemiology ; 32(4): 508-516, Aug. 2003. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated whether food insecurity and obesity were associated in a population sample in Trinidad. METHODS: A sample was drawn of 15 clusters of households, in north central Trinidad. Resident adults were enumerated. A questionnaire was administered including the short form Household Food Security Scale (HFSS). Heights and weights were measured. Analyses were adjusted for age, sex, and ethnic group. RESULTS: Data were analysed for 531/631 (84%) of eligible respondents including 241 men and 290 women with a mean age of 47 (range 24-89) years. Overall, 134 (25%) of subjects were classified as food insecure. Food insecurity was associated with lower household incomes and physical disability. Food insecure subjects were less likely to eat fruit (food insecure 40%, food secure 55%; adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.60, 95% CI: 0.36-0.99, P = 0.045) or green vegetables or salads (food insecure 28%, food secure 51%; adjusted OR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.27-0.79, P = 0.005) on >/=5-6 days per week. Body mass index (BMI) was available for 467 (74%) subjects of whom 41 (9%) had BMI <20 kg/m(2), 157 (34%) had BMI 25-29 kg/m(2), and 120 (26%) had BMI >/=30 kg/m(2). Underweight (OR = 3.21, 95% CI: 1.17-8.81) was associated with food insecurity, but obesity was not (OR = 1.08, 95% CI: 0.55-2.12). CONCLUSIONS: Food insecurity was frequent at all levels of BMI and was associated with lower consumption of fruit and vegetables. Food insecurity was associated with underweight but not with present obesity.


Assuntos
Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Índice de Massa Corporal , Comportamento de Escolha , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Grupos Étnicos , Exercício Físico , Alimentos , Privação de Alimentos , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Nível de Saúde , Desnutrição/etnologia , Desnutrição/etiologia , Desnutrição/psicologia , Obesidade/etnologia , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Trinidad e Tobago
16.
WEST INDIAN MED. J ; 46(Suppl 2): 28, Apr. 1997.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-2296

RESUMO

There are very few well-designed studies in developing countries to evaluate the benefits of school feeding programmes. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of giving breakfast on rural childrens' nutritional status, breakfast history and amount of money they brought to school. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of providing breakfast to rural primary school children in grade 2 to 5 in 16 schools in Jamaica. 407 undernourished children (weight for age,-ISD NCHS references and 407 adequtely nourished children (weight for age>-ISD) matched for age gender and class were randomly assigned to either breakfast or placebo groups for one school year. Breakfast consisted of bread or spiced bun with cheese and 250 ml flavoured milk which supplied 590-720 kcal and 22.5 g protein per day. The placebo was a small piece of orange. The children heights and weight were measured before and after the intervention. Differences between categorical variables were examined by Chi-squared tests and effects of giving breakfasts were tested by multiple regression analyses. The children receiving breakfast gained significantly more in weight and body mass index (p<.001) and height (p<0.05) than those in the placebo group. Participation in the programme did not reduce the amount of money brought to school, or change their home breakfasts, suggesting no significant income transfer to the families. We subsequently trained teaches to identify undernourished children who could benefit from a school meal using a calibrated measuring stick. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Estado Nutricional , Comportamento Alimentar , Alimentos , Nutrição da Criança , População Rural , Alimentação Escolar , Jamaica
17.
Kingston; Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute; 19970100. 1-2 p. (Nyam News, 2).
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-18335

RESUMO

You may wonder how some people eat so much and never seem to put on weight while you only have to 'look at food' to gain weight. You may not, however, realize that "how much" is not measured by the weight of the food or even how full the plate is. "How much much" depends on how fattening a food is as measured by the the amount of energy or calories that food will provide. This is reflected in a calculated portion size.


Assuntos
Humanos , Alimentos/economia , Alimentos/normas , Alimentos
18.
In. Anon. Health conditions in the Caribbean. Washington, D.C, Pan American Health Organisation, 1997. p.190-203, tab, gra.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-560
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