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1.
Nyam news ; (December): 1-3, Dec. 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17894

RESUMO

Better belly bust that good food waste for Christmas is the refrain of a popular Christmas song in Trinidad and Tobago; a sentiment with which many around the world will agree. The holiday season can be enjoyed without over indulging but requires some deliberate planning and forethought to resist the many tasty temptations.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Alimentos , Hiperfagia , Ingestão de Alimentos , Saúde , Férias e Feriados
5.
Cajanus ; 33(4): 192-5, 2000.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-5
6.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 50(7): 479-86, July 1996.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-1768

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop the methods for assessment of food and nutrient intake using standardized food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) in three African origin populations from Cameroon, Jamaica and Caribbean migrants to the United Kingdom. DESIGN: Cross-sectional assessment of diet from a representative sample in each site, using either a 2-day food dairy or a 24-h recall method to determine food for inclusion on the food frequency questionnaire. SETTING: A rural and urban site in Cameroon, Evodoula and Cite Verte in Yaounde, respectively; a district in Kingston, Jamaica; Afro-Caribbeans living in central Manchester, UK. SUBJECTS: Aged 25-79 years, 61 from the Cameroonian urban site, 62 from village site; 102 subjects from Jamaica (additional analysis on a subsample of 20): 29 subjects from Manchester, UK. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Food contributing to nutrients in each site to allow the development of a FFQ. RESULTS: A high response rate was obtained in each site. Comparison of macronutrient intakes between the sites showed that carbohydrate was the most important contributor to energy intake in Jamaica (55 percent) and the least in the rural Cameroon. In rural Cameroon, fat (mainly palm oil) was the most important contributor to energy intake (44 percent). Manchester had the highest contribution of protein energy (17 percent). Food contributing to toal energy, protein, fat and carbohydrate were determined. In rural Cameroon, the top 10 food items contributed 66 percent of the total energy intake compared to 37 percent for the top 10 foods in Manchester. Food contributing to energy were similar in Jamaica and Manchester. Cassava contributed 40 percent of the carbohydrate intake in rural Cameroon and only 6 percent in urban Cameroon. One FFQ has been developed for use in both sites in Cameroon containing 76 food items. The FFQ for Jamaica contains 69 foods and for Manchester 108 food items. CONCLUSION: Considerable variations exist within sites (Cameroon) and between sites in foods which are important contributors to nutrient intakes. With careful exploration of eating habits it has been possible to develop standardized, but locally appropriate FFQs for use in African populations in different countries.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Estudo Comparativo , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Ingestão de Alimentos , Nutrientes , Avaliação Nutricional , Camarões , Jamaica , Reino Unido , População Rural , População Urbana , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 60(4): 465-9, Oct. 1994.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-7833

RESUMO

The effects of weaning-food viscosity and energy density on consumption and energy intake were determined in 15 non-breast-fed Jamaican children aged 7-15 mo under standardized conditions. We tested whether feeding thick, energy intakes and whether amylase treatment to reduce viscosity offered any advantage. When a traditional liquid, low-density porridge (2.15 kJ/g) was fed, the mean (ñSD) daily consumption was 139 ñ 25 g/kg and the mean daily energy intake was 296 ñ 54 kJ/kg. When a semisolid high-density porridge (4.09 kJ/g) was fed, consumption was significantly lower (98 ñ 21g/kg) but the daily energy intake was significantly higher - 402 ñ 85 kJ/KG (P < 0.001). Amylase treatment of the thick energy-dense porridge did not increase intakes further. Meal duration for the thick porridge (12.9 ñ 4.0 min) was significantly longer than that for the low-density (7.4 ñ 2.6 min) or amylase-treated (6.4 ñ 1.8 min) porridges (AU)


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Lactente , Ingestão de Energia , Ingestão de Alimentos , Alimentos , Desmame , Amilases/farmacologia , Grão Comestível , Jamaica , Viscosidade
8.
FASEB J ; 8(5): A697, Mar. 19 1994.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-5328

RESUMO

In developing countries, weaning foods are often of low energy density. We examined ad lib, intakes of 3 porridges: thin, low energy density; semi-solid, high energy density; and amylases-treated low viscosity, high energy density. The study was conducted under controlled conditions on a metabolic ward. 15 children aged 7-15 months, recovered from malnutrition, received each porridge in a randomised sequence for 4 consecutive days 4 times daily. The quantity of thin porridge consumed was significantly greater than that of the semi-solid or amylase-treated porridges (p < 0.001), but the energy intake was significantly lower (p < 0.001). The energy intakes of both high energy density porridges were similar and matched recommended intakes. Therefore viscosity reduction of a semi-solid porridge offered no advantage in energy intake (AU)


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Lactente , Viscosidade , Desmame , Alimentos Fortificados , Países em Desenvolvimento , Necessidade Energética , Amilases , Alimentos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ingestão de Alimentos , Jamaica
9.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 43(2): 105-14, Mar. 1993.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-8490

RESUMO

Protein quality of sorghum grains having 25, 50 and 75 percent infestation caused by mixed population of Trogoderma granarium Everts and Rhizopertha dominica Fabricius was biologically evaluated by rat growth and nitrogen balance studies. Feeding of diet containing insect infested sorghum grains (50 and 75 percent) resulted in marked decrease in food intake, protein intake, gain in body weight, food efficiency ratio, protein efficiency ratio, nitrogen consumption, nitrogen absorption, biological value, net protein utilization, dry matter digestibility, net protein retention and protein retention efficiency. These parameters showed negative association with insect infestation levels. However, 25 percent level of grain infestation did not affect these parameters significantly (AU)


Assuntos
Camundongos , Ratos , 21003 , Masculino , Besouros , Grão Comestível/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos , Proteínas de Plantas , Análise de Variância , Ingestão de Alimentos , Nitrogênio/urina , Valor Nutritivo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Ratos Endogâmicos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ganho de Peso
11.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 44(7): 527-34, Jul., 1990.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-10579

RESUMO

The dietary intakes and activity levels of stunted and non-stunted children were measured on enrolment to a longitudinal study of growth and development. Children aged 9-24 months were recruited by house to house survey of several poor areas of Kingston. All children with height for age < -2 SD of the NCHS standards and weight for height below the standard median were enrolled. Alternate atunted children were matched for age and sex with the non-stunted child (height for age > -1 SD) living nearest. Dietary information was obtained by two 24-h recalls. Mean trainer-interviewer reliability was > 90 percent throughout the study. Correlation between energy intakes on the 2 days was 0.68 (P < 0.001). Stunted children had a significantly less varied diet, fewer dairy products and fruit than non-stunted children. Protein intakes met requirements. Energy intakes were similar in both groups and approximately 200 kcal below the recommended intake. Energy and protein intakes per kg were significantly higher in the stunted children than in non-stunted children (energy P < 0.001, protein P < 0.005). Greater morbidity in the stunted children could account for some, but not all, of this difference. Children with lower weight for height had lower intakes (energy P < 0.05, protein P < 0.01). Intakes were greater in children who lived in better housing, with more household possessions and whose mothers had more skilled occupations. Good reliability and the above associations indicate that the data are valid.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Ingestão de Energia , Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia , Proteínas na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Ingestão de Alimentos/fisiologia , Desenvolvimento Infantil/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas na Dieta/fisiologia , Transtornos do Crescimento/diagnóstico , Jamaica
12.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 49(4): 646-53, Apr., 1989.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-10003

RESUMO

We examined the effects of omitting breakfast on the cognitive functions of three groups of children: stunted, nonstunted controls, and previously severely malnourished. They were admitted to a metabolic ward twice. After an overnight fast half the children received breakfast on their first visit and a cup of tea the second time. The treatment order was reversed for the other half. When breakfast was omitted, both the stunted and previously malnourished groups responded similarly. The malnourished groups had lower scores in influency and coding whereas the control group had higher scores in arithmetic. The children were divided into wasted and nonwasted groups. Wasted children were adversely affected in digit span backwards test and wasted members of the malnourished groups were adversely affected on efficiency of problem solving and those control group in digit span forwards. These results indicate that cognitive functions are more vulnerable to missing breakfast in poorly nourished children (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Cognição , Ingestão de Alimentos , Transtornos Nutricionais/psicologia , Inteligência , Idioma , Matemática , Memória , Resolução de Problemas , Testes Psicológicos
13.
New York; John Wiley; 1989. [ ] p. tab.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-3641
15.
In. Gardner, L. I; Amacher, P. Endocrine aspects of malnutrition: marasmus, kwashiorkor and psychosocial deprivation. New York, Raven, 1973. p.45-72.
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-15692
16.
Br J Nutr ; 27(3): 407-15, 1972.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-12185

RESUMO

Pre- and post-prandial metabolic rates were measured in twelve malnourished Jamaican infants. On admission to hospital, minimal increases in postprandial metabolic rate were found, whereas during the recovery phase when growth was rapid, increases in postprandial metabolic rate of up to 38 percent occurred. After recovery only the five children who were still gaining weight at a rate of more than 4 g/kg body-weight.d continued to show a substantial increase in postprandial metabolism. A highly significant correlation was found between growth rate and the increase in postprandial metabolic rate. Marked differences existed in the respiratory quotient measured 4h after the last meal, the values being low on admission and high during the phase of rapid growth. After a test meal, the respiratory quotient rose sharply both in newly admitted and in recovered children, but fell slightly when the children were studied during the phase of rapid growth. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Transtornos Nutricionais/metabolismo , Respiração , Peso Corporal , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos , Crescimento , Consumo de Oxigênio
17.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 23(4): 395-9, Apr. 1970.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-12629

RESUMO

Thirty-seven children were each fed an average of 30 g of FPC every day for 9 weeks, except for the 4-to7-day period when most (all except eight) had measles. After the first 3 days, the diets were well accepted, well tolerated, and totally consumed. The performance of the group was similar to a milk-fed group. There was a decrease in hemoglobin concentrations in both groups, which may have been due to iron deficiency (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Nutrição da Criança , Proteínas na Dieta , Produtos Pesqueiros , Peso Corporal , Dieta , Ingestão de Alimentos , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Trinidad e Tobago
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