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1.
In. Caribbean Public Health Agency. Caribbean Public Health Agency: 60th Annual Scientific Meeting. Kingston, The University of the West Indies. Faculty of Medical Sciences, 2015. p.[1-75]. (West Indian Medical Journal Supplement).
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To create a sustainable model for community health education, tracking and monitoring of selected health conditions (diabetes and mental health), research training, and health policy action in St. Lucia, which may be applicable to underserved African Americans in the U.S. DESIGN AND METHODS: Phase one of this pilot study included a mixed methods analytic approach. Adult clients at risk for or diagnosed with diabetes (n=157) and health care providers/clinic administrators (n=39) were recruited from 5 diverse healthcare facilities in St. Lucia to assess their views on health status, health care services and existing challenges/opportunities to improve health equity. Content analyses of the qualitative data were conducted. RESULTS: Preliminary analyses of qualitative data indicated an awareness of the relatively high prevalence of diabetes and other chronic illnesses. Patients generally acknowledged that one’s socioeconomic status (SES) has an overall impact on health outcomes, though anyone, regardless of SES, may be diagnosed with a chronic disease. Finally, participants indicated desire for better accessibility to healthcare services and improvements to existing healthcare infrastructures to provide better services. CONCLUSION: Findings from this pilot project could serve as a model to help advance health equity among diverse populations through evidence based, culturally tailored community education and prevention efforts. These activities may play a vital role in improving the health status and healthcare among St. Lucians with chronic health conditions and inform similar strategies that may be effective in the United States.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde , Monitoramento , Estados Unidos , Santa Lúcia
2.
Rev. panam. salud p£blica ; 27(2): 93-102, Feb. 2010. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine utilization of the National AIDS Hotline of Trinidad and Tobago (AIDSLINE), evaluate its validity as a reliable data source for monitoring national HIV-related needs, and identify changes in caller requests between two different time periods. METHODS: A total of 7 046 anonymous hotline calls in 1998–2002 (T1) and 2 338 calls in 2007 (T2) were analyzed for associations between caller characteristics and call content. A subsample of the data was also analyzed qualitatively. T1 findings were compared with HIV-related data collected by national policy-makers during that period, to evaluate the hotline's validity as a data source, and findings from T2, to reveal changes in call content over time. RESULTS: In T1, the hotline was well utilized for information and counseling by both the general population and those living with HIV/AIDS. Call content from T2 indicated an increase versus T1 in 1) general awareness of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases; 2) HIV testing; and 3) knowledge of HIV symptoms and transmission. HIV-related mental health needs, and the relationship between HIV and both child sexual abuse (CSA) and intimate partner violence (IPV), were identified as emerging issues. CONCLUSIONS: AIDSLINE is a well-utilized tool for providing information and counseling on national HIV-related issues, and a valid, cost-effective, easily accessed information source for planners and policy-makers involved in HIV management. Over the two study periods, there was an increase in HIV awareness and testing and in requests related to mental health, CSA, and IPV, but no change in sexual behaviors.


Assuntos
Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , HIV , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Monitoramento , Linhas Diretas , Trinidad e Tobago
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