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1.
[Belmopan]; Belize. Belize Vector & Ecology Center; March. 2018. 38 p. tab, map, ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-906953

RESUMO

The Belize Vector and Ecology Center has embarked on vector surveillance initiatives that will allow us to determine changes in distribution and density of vectors and obtain information about population changes. In turn, this will allows us to monitor and evaluate adequate control methods. In this report, we have outlined the various activities that we have been conducting for the month of March.The Household Container Mapping is being conducted by teams consisting of BVEC employees and Vector Control representatives. So far, we have mapped approximately 20.61% of the total structures in Orange Walk Town. Mapping data was updated for the month of March based on the amount of structures we did. Ovitrap Surveillance is being done in which 120 oviposition cups are set out to 60 pre-consented homes in Orange Walk Town. The hatch rate has been determined to be about 40% to 60%, and there is interesting variation in the number of eggs collected per zone which may also be related to the position of ovicups and climatic conditions.The BG Sentinel Surveillance is being conducted in order to collect live adult Aedes mosquitoes in the field. There are 12 BG Sentinels in the town at 12 pre-consented homes. The traps so far have collected a number of Aedes mosquitoes as well as some from the Culex species and other types of flies.The adult Aedes mosquitoes collected in the traps are then sorted, identified and stored for testing using the Dengue Antigen Kit. Tests conducted so far have turned up negative and testing will continue while working on a pooling strategy depending on the number of adult females collected in the field. Larval Resistance Testing is another key component to the surveillance which will be done in conjunction with the ovitrap surveillance initiative. Currently eggs are being pooled and hatched so that there is enough larvae to meet the standard testing methods. BVEC also does Presentations and Training sessions in which we collaborate with schools and other groups to foster community engagement.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Vigilância , Controle de Vetores , Belize/epidemiologia
2.
[Belmopan]; Belize. Belize Vector & Ecology Center; Feb. 2018. 36 p. tab, maps, ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-906951

RESUMO

The Belize Vector and Ecology Center has embarked on vector surveillance initiatives that will allow us to determine changes in distribution and density of vectors and obtain information about population changes. In turn, this will allows us to monitor and evaluate adequate control methods. In this report, we have outlined the various activities that we have been conducting for the month of February.The Household Container Mapping is being conducted by teams consisting of BVEC employees and Vector Control representatives. So far we have mapped approximately 19.19% of the total structures in Orange Walk Town. Mapping data was updated for the month of February based on the amount of structures we did. Ovitrap Surveillance is being done in which 120 oviposition cups are set out to 60 pre-consented homes in Orange Walk Town. The hatch rate has been determined to be about 40% to 60% and there is interesting variation in the number of eggs collected per zone which may also be related to the position of ovicups and climatic conditions. The BG Sentinel Surveillance is being conducted in order to collect live adult Aedes mosquitoes in the field. There are 12 BG Sentinels in the town at 12 pre-consented homes. The traps so far have collected a number of Aedes mosquitoes as well as some from the Culex species and other types of flies. The adult Aedes mosquitoes collected in the traps are then sorted, identified and stored for testing using the Dengue Antigen Kit. Tests conducted so far have turned up negative which is a good sign and will continue testing while working on a pooling strategy depending on the number of adult females collected in the field. Larval Resistance Testing is another key component to the surveillance which will be done in conjunction with the ovitrap surveillance initiative. Currently eggs are being pooled and hatched so that there is enough larvae to meet the standard testing methods. BVEC also does Presentations and Training sessions in which we collaborate with schools and other groups to foster community engagement.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Vigilância , Controle de Vetores , Belize/epidemiologia
3.
[Belmopan]; Belize. Belize Vector & Ecology Center; Jan. 2018. 33 p. tab, maps, ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: biblio-906952

RESUMO

The Belize Vector and Ecology Center has embarked on vector surveillance initiatives that will allow us to determine changes in distribution and density of vectors and obtain information about population changes. In turn this will allows us to monitor and evaluate adequate control methods. In this report, we have outlined the various activities that we have been conducting for the month of January. The Household Container Mapping is being conducted by teams consisting of BVEC employees and Vector Control representatives. So far we have mapped approximately 17.73% of the total structures in Orange Walk Town. Mapping data was updated for the month of January based on the amount of structures we did. Ovitrap Surveillance is being done in which 120 oviposition cups are set out to 60 pre-consented homes in Orange Walk Town. The hatch rate has been determined to be about 40 to 60% and there is interesting variation in the number of eggs collected per zone which may also be related to the position of ovicups and climatic conditions. The BG Sentinel Surveillance is being conducted in order to collect live adult Aedes mosquitoes in the field. There are 12 BG Sentinels in the town at 12 pre-consented homes. The traps so far have collected a number of Aedes mosquitoes as well as some from the Culex species and other types of flies. The adult Aedes mosquitoes collected in the traps are then sorted, identified and stored for testing using the Dengue Antigen Kit. Tests conducted so far have turned up negative which is a good sign and will continue testing while working on a pooling strategy depending on the number of adult females collected in the field. Larval Resistance Testing is another key component to the surveillance which will be done in conjunction with the ovitrap surveillance initiative. Currently eggs are being pooled and hatched so that there is enough larvae to meet the standard testing methods. For this month some resistance curves were established for some of the zones as the contamination issues were addressed. BVEC also does Presentations and Training sessions in which we collaborate with schools and other groups to foster community engagement.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Vigilância , Controle de Vetores , Belize/epidemiologia
4.
West Indian med. j ; 65(Supp. 3): [50], 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-18109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the status of existing violence and injury prevention (VIP) efforts and surveillance systems in the Caribbean. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Caribbean Public Health Agency undertook a survey to gather evidence of VIP in 24 member Countries. The survey was administered to national epidemiologists and non-communicable disease focal points in October 2015 using an online tool, “Survey Monkey”. Questions were asked about the availability in each country of VIP representative surveys, policies,action plans, laws, victim support services and surveillance systems.RESULTS: Nineteen (79%) countries completed the VIP survey. Only three (16%) countries confirmed having undertaken a nationally representative survey. Twelve (63%) had not developed a national policy and 14 (74%) had not implemented an action plan on VIP. Each country reported the existence of VIP laws and offered victim support services, though average enforcement ranged from 40–79%. Nine (47%) countries indicated using an injury registry and 15 (79%) reported collecting injury data within patient records, mainly from public hospitals. All 19 countries confirmed that records of reported violent incidents were maintained by the police. Unique identifiers were generally lacking in registries and police systems. Only four (44%) countries with registries, ten (67%) countries with inpatient injury data and 12 (63%) countries with police records indicated sharing data with other organizations. CONCLUSION: Each country reported some level of injury surveillance system; however, such systems should be harmonized to produce more complete baseline data. The use of unique identifiers is required to reduce duplication and effectively link surveillance systems.


Assuntos
Humanos , Violência , Vigilância , Região do Caribe
5.
In. Caribbean Public Health Agency. Caribbean Public Health Agency: 60th Annual Scientific Meeting. Kingston, The University of the West Indies. Faculty of Medical Sciences, 2015. p.[1-75]. (West Indian Medical Journal Supplement).
Monografia em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-18053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To conduct an assessment of HIV/AIDS surveillance data in the British Virgin Islands. DESIGN AND METHODS: Existing HIV/AIDS surveillance data were examined and a literature review on HIV/AIDS in the British Virgin Islands was conducted. RESULTS: Since 1985, there have been 117 cases reported to the Ministry of Health & Social Development. However, there is a paucity of knowledge about the socio-cultural, demographic, ideological and behavioural factors driving the epidemic in this dependent micro-state. CONCLUSION: HIV/AIDS surveillance was not consistent with best international and regional practices.


Assuntos
HIV , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Vigilância , Índias Ocidentais
6.
CAREC surveillance report ; 19(4): p.44, April 1993.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17270

RESUMO

In many countries measles surveillance relies heavily on the use of a standard clinical case definition; however, the clinical signs ans symptoms of measles are similiar to those of dengue. For example, during 1985, in Puerto Rico, 22 (23 percent) of 94 cases of illness with rashes that met measles clinical case definition were serologically confirmed as measles, but 32 (34 percent) others were serologically confirmed as dengue (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Sarampo , Vigilância , Dengue/diagnóstico
7.
CAREC surveillance report ; 18(11 & 12): 86-89, November & December 1992. tab, gra
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MedCarib | ID: med-17266

RESUMO

During the period January 1st through October 31st 1992, four hundred and forty four (444) clinical cases of dengue fever were reported to the National Surveillance Unit of the Ministry of Health. Roughly twenty percent of these notifications were recorded during week number 40, ending October 3rd 1992. Reported morbidity was not confined to any specific geographic area, although the greatest proportion of notified cases originated in County Caroni (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Dengue/diagnóstico , Vigilância , Aedes , Dengue Grave/diagnóstico , Morbidade , Dengue Grave/epidemiologia , Trinidad e Tobago
8.
CAREC surveillance report ; 18(9 & 10): 71-73, September & October 1992. tab, gra
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17263

RESUMO

Between the years 1982 and 1991, 3,132 cases of AIDS and 1,963 deaths were reported to CAREC by its 19 member countries. A year-to-year comparison indicates that the rapid increase in cases continued in 1991, the number reported for that year being 34 percent higher than the figure for 1990. Six countries, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Jamaica, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago accounted for 90 percent of all reported cases (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Infecções por HIV/história , HIV , Vigilância , Região do Caribe
9.
CAREC surveillance report ; 18(1): 4-6, January 1992.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17253

RESUMO

From January through June 1991, serum samples from 1,970 patients were submitted to the San Juan Laboratories (SJL) for testing. Dengue was confirmed serologically or virologically in 594 (30 percent) of these patients. The number of samples from suspected cases submitted to SJL during this period was 25 percent lower than last year (2,622), although more reports were received for May and June of 1991 than for the same months in 1990. Dengue was ruled out as a diagnosis in 15 percent of the 1,970 samples; the results of 58 samples were not yet available, and the laboratory diagnosis of 1,014 cases remained undetermined because convalescent serum samples had not been received (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Dengue , Vigilância , Estatísticas de Serviços de Saúde , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Transtornos Hemorrágicos/diagnóstico , Dengue/virologia , Porto Rico/epidemiologia
10.
CAREC surveillance report ; 17(4): 1-6, April 1991. tab, gra
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17242

RESUMO

The measles elimination campaign began in May 1991 with a measles immunization month in the Carec-member countries (some countries began in mid April). During the month it is intended to immunize all children aged 1-14 years old to interrupt any transmission. Measles is one of several diseases in the Americas targeted for elimination or eradication and has recently been considered by an International Task Force for Disease Eradication. It is timely therefore to review measles occurrence in the Caribbean before the commencement of the campaign and to predict likely future patterns of measles (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Sarampo , Gerenciamento Clínico , Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Região do Caribe , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Vigilância
11.
CAREC surveillance report ; 16(12) & 17(1): 1-3, December 1990 / January 1991. maps
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17240

RESUMO

The Pan American Health Organization's (PAHO) initiative to eradicate the transmission of the wild poliovirus from the Americas has required extensive labaratory support. Virologic studies are necessary to confirm suspected cases of poliomyelitis, to identify cases associated with wild polioviruses, to help guide control activities to areas requiring reinforced efforts, and finally to provide evidence that endenic poliovirus transmission has been stopped. Close integration of field and laboratory operations has been the cornerstone of the PAHO Polio Eradication Initiative. This report describes the results of the wild poliovirus isolation for 1989 and the first ten months of 1990 (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Artigo de Revista , Poliovirus , Vigilância , Diagnóstico , América
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MedCarib | ID: med-17010

RESUMO

Worldwide, it is estimated that there are more than 100, 000 infants born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) each year. In 1988, standard case definitions for surveillance of CRS and rubella were developed by the World Health Organization (WHO). In 2001, 123 countries/territories reported a total of 836, 356 rubella cases. In the future more countries are expected to report on rubella as a global measles/rubella laboratory network is further developed under the coordination of the WHO. Operational research is being conducted to improve rubella surveillance. This includes projects on initiating CRS surveillance, comparative studies on diagnostoc laboratory methods, and molecular epidemiology research to expand the global understanding of patterns of rubella virus circulation. In 1996 a WHO survey found that 78 of 214 reporting countries/teritories (36 percent) were using rubella vaccine in their routine immunization services. By the end of 2002 a total of 124 of the 214 countries/territories (58 percent) were using rubella vaccine. Rubella vaccine use varies by stage of economic development: 100 percent for industrialized countries, 71 percent for countries with economies in transition, and 48 percent for developing countries. A safe and effective rubella vaccine is available, and there are proven vaccination strategies for preventing rubella and CRS. A WHO position paper provides guidance on programmativ aspects of rubella vaccine introduction. The introduction of rubella vaccine is cost-effective and cost-beneficial but requires ongoing strengthening of routine immunization services and surveillance systems (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/prevenção & controle , Síndrome da Rubéola Congênita/prevenção & controle , Países em Desenvolvimento , Vigilância , Programas de Imunização/estatística & dados numéricos , Região do Caribe , Programas de Imunização
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