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Rev Mal Respir ; 35(2): 160-170, 2018 Feb.
Article Fr | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29501213

Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare form of pulmonary hypertension (PH) characterized by preferential remodelling of pulmonary venules and angioproliferation. PVOD term includes idiopathic, heritable (biallelic mutations of EIF2AK4 gene), drugs and toxins induced (alkylating agents, organic solvents) and connectivite-associated forms (especially systemic-sclerosis associated form). PVOD and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) share a similar clinical presentation. Lung biopsy is contraindicated in PVOD due to high risk of life-threatening bleeding. A noninvasive diagnostic approach, including oxygen parameters, low diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide and characteristic signs on high-resolution computed tomography of the chest, is used to support a diagnosis of PVOD. PVOD prognosis is worse than other forms of PAH. There is no evidence-based medical therapy for PVOD and life-threatening pulmonary edema may occur following PAH targeted therapy in PVOD. Lung transplantation remains the preferred definitive therapy for eligible patients.

Pulmonary Veno-Occlusive Disease , Animals , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Disease Models, Animal , Humans , Pulmonary Veno-Occlusive Disease/diagnosis , Pulmonary Veno-Occlusive Disease/epidemiology , Pulmonary Veno-Occlusive Disease/therapy , Rare Diseases/diagnosis , Rare Diseases/epidemiology , Rare Diseases/therapy , Respiratory Function Tests/methods , Risk Factors
Rev Mal Respir ; 34(5): 576-580, 2017 May.
Article Fr | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27646667

INTRODUCTION: Among patients with non-small-cell lung cancer, coexistence of EGFR mutation and ALK rearrangement is rare. We describe the clinical features of two patients with this double anomaly. CASE REPORTS: A 62-year-old Caucasian non-smoking woman was diagnosed with cT4N0M0 lung adenocarcinoma. Initial biopsy showed EGFR mutation and ALK rearrangement. She received cisplatin-gemcitabine, followed by 17 months of gemcitabine. Owing to progression, she received erlotinib for 14 months, then paclitaxel for 6 months and finally crizotinib. A partial response was achieved and maintained for 24 months. A 45-year-old Caucasian woman, light smoker, was diagnosed with cT2N3M0 lung adenocarcinoma. Only EGFR mutation was found on initial analysis. She underwent treatment with cisplatin-gemcitabine and thoracic radiotherapy. Progression occurred after 8 months and afatinbib was started. Eight months later, progression was observed with a neoplasic pleural effusion in which tumor cells expressing ALK rearrangement were found. A new FISH analysis was performed on the initial tumor but did not find this rearrangement. Despite a third line of crizotinib, the patient died one month later. DISCUSSION: The literature shows 45 other cases of these two abnormalities, observed either from the start or during follow-up. EGFR's TKI were almost always given before ALK's TKI. CONCLUSIONS: Therapeutic strategy needs to be clarified in cases of double alteration. With regard to the second patient, appearance of ALK rearrangement may constitute a resistance mechanism to EGFR's TKI.

Adenocarcinoma/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cisplatin/administration & dosage , Crizotinib , Erlotinib Hydrochloride/administration & dosage , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Pyrazoles/administration & dosage , Pyridines/administration & dosage , Translocation, Genetic