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Rev Prat ; 67(7): 747, 2017 Sep.
Article Fr | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30512770
Tunis Med ; 94(2): 107-11, 2016 Feb.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27532525

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of ketoconazole and fluconazole in pityriasis versicolor had been proved. AIM: To compare the efficacy and the safety of two doses of fluconazole given 1 week apart alone or associated to ketoconazole shampoo. METHODS: Our study included all patients with pityriasis versicolor who attended in dermatology department of Habib Thameur Hospital, Tunis (over a 21-month period). During the considered period, patients were randomly assigned in two study groups: G1 receiving fluconazole two doses 300mg given 1 week apart with G2 taken an association of fluconazole (two doses 300mg given 1 week apart) and ketoconazole shampoo the first day. RESULTS: Seventy one patients were enrolled in our study: 35 in the fluconazole group and 36 in the fluconazole associated to ketoconazole shampoo comparator group. The mean age was 29.1 years [16-70 years].  Concerning the clinical form, 27% had macular lesions, 24% had plaques and 49% had mixed form. Lesions werehyperchromic52%; hypochromic 15% and erythematous 6%. As for main location, 67% had lesions on the neck; 66% on the trunk, 60% on the shoulders. At the end of the study, there was no significant difference in clinical presentation and in improvement rate of pityriasis versicolor between fluconazole and association of fluconazole and ketoconazole shampoo ((p=0.13 at day 14, p=0.57 at day 28 and p=0.2 at day56). CONCLUSION: In this study, we have shown that the improvement rate of PV treated with two doses of 300 mg of fluconazole with one week interval was similar to those of an association of one application of ketoconazole shampoo and the same dose of fluconazole.

Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Fluconazole/therapeutic use , Hair Preparations/therapeutic use , Ketoconazole/therapeutic use , Tinea Versicolor/drug therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
Dermatology ; 231(2): 134-44, 2015.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26111474

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common skin disorder that is characterized by red plaques covered with silvery scales and is associated with considerable psychosocial impact. It has been described in several studies worldwide, but specific data from the Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia) are unavailable. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the frequency of new psoriasis cases and to describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of psoriasis in the Maghreb. METHODS: A psoriasis working group for the Maghreb initiated the EPIMAG international multicentre cross-sectional observational epidemiological study coupled with a 2-week psoriasis screening study via medical consultation. Data were collected via questionnaires. RESULTS: The total analysis population included 373 pre-existing and 326 new psoriasis cases, described by 261 participating investigators. The frequency of new psoriasis cases was 10.26/1,000 in Algeria, 15.04/1,000 in Morocco and 13.26/1,000 in Tunisia, and thus 12.08/1,000 in the Maghreb. In all 699 psoriasis subjects, the mean age was 46 years, the mean BMI was 26.6, and 55.7% of subjects were men. Two thirds of the subjects had never smoked, and 85.0% had never consumed alcohol. Half had brown skin, and 28.6% had a family history of psoriasis. Three quarters had localized psoriasis, 85.8% had plaque psoriasis, coupled with pruritus in over 70.0% of cases. Flares or outbreaks were most often triggered by stress (79.4%) and change of season (43.1%). The majority of subjects used topical therapy, and the investigators considered overall treatment efficacy to be partial in over half of the cases. Among patients with pre-existing psoriasis, secondary analyses showed that 73.2% had severe psoriasis, and that quality of life was severely affected in 40.1% of cases. The mean number of missing school or work days over 6 months was 3.2 (±12.1) days. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides novel information relative to psoriasis epidemiology and characterization in the Maghreb and highlights the need to improve psoriasis screening and management in the region. The data will help optimize psoriasis management, to ensure appropriate national health care policies.

Psoriasis/epidemiology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Algeria/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Morocco/epidemiology , Pruritus/epidemiology , Pruritus/etiology , Psoriasis/etiology , Psoriasis/genetics , Psoriasis/pathology , Quality of Life , Seasons , Severity of Illness Index , Sick Leave/statistics & numerical data , Stress, Psychological/complications , Tunisia/epidemiology , Young Adult
Tunis Med ; 91(5): 342-5, 2013 May.
Article Fr | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23716329

BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is the most common mesenchymatous skin tumor. It is often diagnosed late because of its slow development and the lack of symptoms. AIM: To elucidate the epidemio-clinical characteristics of dermatofibrosarcoma in our study. methods: We report a retrospective study of 18 cases of DFS between 1989 and 2009. RESULTS: Mean age at diagnosis was 45.2 years. The average delay before consultation was 45.7 months. Three patients reported a history of trauma. The tumor was mainly located on the trunk or the back. The diagnosis of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans was histologically confirmed in all cases. Immunohistochemical study was achieved in 6 cases and showed positive staining for CD34. The treatment consisted of surgical excision in all patients. CONCLUSION: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is a low-malignancy potential skin tumor. Treatment of choice is surgery. The main risk is tumor relapse.

Dermatofibrosarcoma/pathology , Dermatofibrosarcoma/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
J Cosmet Laser Ther ; 15(4): 217-8, 2013 Aug.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23463948

Hypertrichosis is a well-recognized adverse effect of therapy with either oral or topical minoxidil. We report a case of fronto-temporal hypertrichosis occurring in an 8-year-old girl treated for patchy alopecia areata of the frontal area of the scalp with 2% minoxidil solution. After failure of 5-months minoxidil-discontinuation, hair removal with Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm line) (Smartepil II, Deka) was tested leading to complete resolution within 2 sessions.

Hair Removal/instrumentation , Hypertrichosis/radiotherapy , Lasers, Solid-State , Low-Level Light Therapy , Administration, Topical , Alopecia Areata/drug therapy , Child , Female , Humans , Hypertrichosis/chemically induced , Minoxidil/administration & dosage , Minoxidil/adverse effects , Vasodilator Agents/administration & dosage , Vasodilator Agents/adverse effects
Dermatol Ther ; 25(6): 615-8, 2012.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23210761

Meglumine antimoniate compounds have been the mainstay of treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) for decades. We propose to evaluate the place of these drugs in this indication in Tunisia. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 67 patients treated for (CL) using meglumine antimoniate at a dose of 20 mg/kg/day for 15 day from 1998 to 2010. Clinical and laboratory data, tolerance, and outcome were precised. Side effects were recorded in 17 among 67 patients (25%). The average age was 44.4 years (2-86 years). Antimony intolerance events occurred in 11 patients, stibio-intoxication events in nine cases, and the both type of antimony adverse effects were observed in three patients. Fever was the most frequent complication of antimony intolerance (five cases), followed by cough (three cases), rash (two cases), injection site erythema (two cases), musculoskeletal pain (one case), asthenia (one case), and vomiting (one case). Signs of stibio-intoxication were asymptomatic elevation of amylase level (four cases), hepatic cytolysis (three cases), hematologic toxicity (three cases), and acute toxic kidney failure (one case). Meglumine antimoniate was stopped in 13 cases. Systemic administration of pentavalent antimonials in the treatment of CL has been associated with severe adverse effects. CL observed in Tunisia is a self-healing dermatosis that never induces sequela; therefore, other therapies such as topical treatment or cryotherapy should be considered.

Antiprotozoal Agents/therapeutic use , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/drug therapy , Meglumine/therapeutic use , Organometallic Compounds/therapeutic use , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antiprotozoal Agents/adverse effects , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Meglumine/adverse effects , Meglumine Antimoniate , Middle Aged , Organometallic Compounds/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tunisia , Young Adult
Int J Dermatol ; 50(12): 1475-9, 2011 Dec.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22097992

BACKGROUND: Pemphigus is an autoimmune intraepidermal blistering disease mediated by autoantibodies targeting desmosomes. It can be induced by many triggers, such as ionizing radiation. METHODS: We report a case of radiotherapy-induced pemphigus (RIP) with a review of the published cases in the English and French literature. RESULTS: A 61-year old man was diagnosed to have epidermoid carcinoma of the piriform sinus and then received a 70 Gy radiation therapy. One month after the treatment completion, multiple blisters and erosions occurred initially on the site of irradiation, then in other skin areas. Histological examination showed an intraepidermal blister with acantholysis and necrosis of individual keratinocytes. Direct immunofluorescence and indirect immunofluorescence were typical of pemphigus. Immunoblot revealed antibodies reacting with a 110 kDa antigen. This feature was consistent with the diagnosis of RIP. Less than 20 cases of RIP have been reported previously. Mean age at diagnosis was 64.2 years, and there is a slight female preponderance. RIP occurred, in most cases, initially within the area of irradiation. CONCLUSION: Our patient showed some distinctive findings never reported previously in RIP: a histological focal keratinocyte necrosis, and the presence of autoantibodies reacting with a 110 kDa keratinocytic protein in immunoblot analysis. Because of a different prognosis, it is important to differentiate RIP and paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP), although cases of ionizing radiation-induced PNP had also been described. As in our patient, RIP seems to respond well to systemic corticosteroids and immunosuppressive therapy, which induce remission within a few months.

Carcinoma/radiotherapy , Laryngeal Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Pemphigus/etiology , Radiation Injuries/etiology , Acantholysis/drug therapy , Acantholysis/etiology , Acantholysis/pathology , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Antigens/immunology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Autoantibodies/blood , Autoantibodies/immunology , Carcinoma/drug therapy , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Combined Modality Therapy , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Keratinocytes/pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Necrosis/etiology , Necrosis/pathology , Pemphigus/drug therapy , Pemphigus/immunology , Pemphigus/pathology , Radiation Injuries/drug therapy , Radiation Injuries/immunology , Radiation Injuries/pathology , Treatment Outcome
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21993705

Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS) is a painful condition that usually follows regional trauma. We report the case of a 13-year-old girl that was seen for a painful swelling of the right hand associated with palmar hyperhidrosis, which occurred after a trauma to the hand. Bone scan images showed early tissue abnormality, which was more significant on the right hand and wrist, as well as moderate bone uptake on the right side. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and alternating hot and cold baths led to a marked improvement. RSDS occurs following trauma or subsequent to various diseases or drug intake. This syndrome is related to impaired tissue microvasculature under the influence of abnormal sympathetic reflex hyperactivity. Bone scan is the diagnostic procedure of choice in RSDS, but it may be normal. Physiotherapy should be preferred in pediatric cases.

Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy , Adolescent , Female , Humans , Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy/diagnosis