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Gene ; 808: 145977, 2022 Jan 15.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592353

Increased expression of histone deacetylases (HDACs) affiliated to the epigenetic regulation is common aberration in prostate cancer (PCa). We have confirmed that hepatocyte cell adhesion molecule (hepaCAM), acting as a tumor suppressor gene, is rarely expressed in PCa previously, However, the mechanisms of which is still unknown. The level of histone acetylation reportedly may involve anti-oncogene transcription and expression. In this study, we investigated the effect of panobinostat, the broad-spectrum histone deacetylases inhibitor, on PCa LNCaP and DU145 cell growth, and observed re-expression of hepaCAM when treated with panobinostat. We demonstrated that intranuclear acetylation of lys9 of histone H3 (Ac-H3K9) were increased, while that of both mRNA and protein of HDAC1, HDAC3, and HDAC4 were decreased when the treating concentration of panobinostat increased. We confirmed the relationship between histone acetylation and the expression of hepaCAM and AR in prostate cancer tissues. We also confirmed that panobinostat could overcome the resistance for androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Further, we combined panobinostat with Ad-hepaCAM, which resulted in significantly increased antitumor activity and significant attenuation of the proliferation-associated genes CCND1 and PCNA compared to each single treatment. In conclusion, panobinostat may enhance the acetylation of lys9 of histone 3 and reverse the hepaCAM expression through its inhibitory effect on HDACs activity in PCa LNCaP and DU145 cells; Ad-hepaCAM combined with panobinostat may synergistically inhibit the growth of LNCaP and DU145 cells, via a potential mechanism associated with the down-regulation of the expression of CCND1 and PCNA. These findings suggest that this therapeutic strategy should be further developed in clinical trials.

J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 1): 728-735, 2022 Jan 15.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416462

Developing new electrode materials is one of the keys to improving the energy density of supercapacitors. In this article, a novel cobalt polysulfide/carbon nanofibers (C,N-CoxSy/CNF) film derived from zeolitic imidazolate framework is first prepared by a facile strategy. The composite material with two-dimensional leaf-shaped nanoarray neatly grown on the surface of carbon nanofibers is composed of CoS, CoS2, Co9S8, N-doped carbon nanosheets, and carbon nanofibers. It is found that the composite can not only increase the contact area with the electrolyte but also provide abundant redox-active sites and a Faraday capacitance for the entire electrode. The C,N-CoxSy/CNF composite exhibits excellent electrochemical properties, including a high capacity of up to 1080F g -1 at 1 A g -1 and a good rate capability (80.4 % from 1 A g -1 to 10 A g -1). A C,N-CoxSy/CNF//AC asymmetric supercapacitor device is assembled using C,N-CoxSy/CNF as the positive electrode and activated carbon as the negative electrode, showing high energy density (37.29 Wh kg -1@813.6 W kg -1) and good cycle stability (90.5% of initial specific capacitance at 10 g-1 after 5000 cycles). This C,N-CoxSy/CNF composite material may also be used as a potential electrode for future lithium-ion batteries, zinc-ion batteries, lithium-sulfur batteries, etc.

Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118468, 2022 Jan 01.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748887

Maternal exposure to PM2.5 has been associated with abnormal glucose tolerance during pregnancy, but little is known about which constituents and sources are most relevant to glycemic effects. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 1148 pregnant women to investigate associations of PM2.5 chemical components with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and to identify the most harmful sources in Heshan, China from January 2015 to July 2016. We measured PM2.5 using filter-based method and analyzed them for 28 constituents, including carbonaceous species, water-soluble ions and metal elements. Contributions of PM2.5 sources were assessed by positive matrix factorization (PMF). Logistic regression model was used to estimate composition-specific and source-specific effects on GDM/IGT. Random forest algorithm was applied to evaluate the relative importance of components to GDM and IGT. PM2.5 total mass and several chemical constituents were associated with GDM and IGT across the early to mid-gestation periods, as were the PM2.5 sources fossil fuel/oil combustion, road dust, metal smelting, construction dust, electronic waster, vehicular emissions and industrial emissions. The trimester-specific associations differed among pollutants and sources. The third and highest quartile of elemental carbon, ammonium (NH4+), iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) across gestation were consistently associated with higher odds of GDM/IGT. Maternal exposures to zinc (Zn), titanium (Ti) and vehicular emissions during the first trimester, and vanadium (V), nickel (Ni), road dust and fossil fuel/oil combustion during the second trimester were more important for GDM/IGT. This study provides important new evidence that maternal exposure to PM2.5 components and sources is significantly related to elevated risk for abnormal glucose tolerance during pregnancy.

J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1563-1571, 2022 Jan 15.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500159

Endowing nanofibrous membranes with special wettability has always been the dominant strategy to improve the separation performance for water-in-oil emulsions. In this work, a rational design of deacetylated cellulose acetate/polyvinylidene fluoride (dCA/PVDF) Janus nanofibrous membrane, with asymmetric wettability in either air, water or diesel environment, was developed via sequential electrospinning PVDF and CA membranes followed by alkali treatment. In the process of water-in-diesel emulsion separation, the under-diesel superhydrophilic dCA layer is able to capture the emulsified water and strengthens the demulsification ability of the Janus membrane, while the under-diesel superhydrophobic PVDF layer acts as a water barrier and further improves the separation ability. The Janus membrane therefore exhibited prominent separation performance not only for the water/diesel mixture (separation efficiency 99.98%) but also for the surfactant-stabilized water-in-diesel emulsion with l vol% water (separation efficiency 97.74%). Moreover, the Janus membrane maintained high separation efficiency over 96% after repeated use for 50 times or soaking in corrosive solutions for 24 h. The Janus dCA/PVDF nanofibrous membrane possesses competitive efficiency, reusability and acid/alkali resistance, making it a promising candidate as the separation membrane for the surfactant-stabilized water-in-diesel emulsion.

Nanofibers , Water , Emulsions , Membranes, Artificial , Wettability
Neural Regen Res ; 17(5): 1125-1130, 2022 May.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558541

Both interposition nerve grafts and masseter nerve transfers have been successfully used for facial reanimation after irreversible injuries to the cranial portion of the facial nerve. However, no comparative study of these two procedures has yet been reported. In this two-site, two-arm, retrospective case review study, 32 patients were included. Of these, 17 patients (eight men and nine women, mean age 42.1 years) underwent interposition nerve graft after tumor extirpation or trauma between 2003 and 2006 in the Ear Institute, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China, and 15 patients (six men and nine women, mean age 40.6 years) underwent masseter-to-facial nerve transfer after tumor extirpation or trauma between November 2010 and February 2016 in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, China. More patients achieved House-Brackmann III recovery after masseter nerve repair than interposition nerve graft repair (15/15 vs. 12/17). The mean oral commissure excursion ratio was also higher in patients who underwent masseter nerve transfer than in patients subjected to an interposition nerve graft. These findings suggest that masseter nerve transfer results in strong oral commissure excursion, avoiding obvious synkinesis, while an interposition nerve graft provides better resting symmetry. This study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, China (approval No. SH9H-2019-T332-1) on December 12, 2019.

Gen Psychiatr ; 34(5): e100587, 2021.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723091

Background: Cocaine use disorder (CUD) and associated psychosis are major public health issues worldwide, along with high relapse outcome and limited treatment options. Exploring the molecular mechanisms underlying cocaine-induced psychosis (CIP) could supply integrated insights for understanding the pathogenic mechanism and potential novel therapeutic targets. Aims: The aim of the study was to explore common alterations of CUD-schizophrenia-target genes and identify core risk genes contributing to CIP through data mining and network pharmacology approach. Methods: Target genes of CUD were obtained from GeneCards, Comparative Toxicogenomics Database, Swiss Target Prediction platform and PubChem. Schizophrenia-related target genes were derived from DisGeNET, GeneCards, MalaCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man databases. Then, the overlap genes of these two sets were regarded as risk genes contributing to CIP. Based on these CUD-schizophrenia-target genes, functional annotation and pathway analysis were performed using the clusterProfiler package in R. Protein-protein interaction network construction and module detection were performed based on the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) database and Cytoscape software. Gene expression datasets GSE54839 and GSE93577 were applied for data validation and diagnostic capacity evaluation of interested hub genes. Results: A total of 165 CUD-schizophrenia-target genes were obtained. These genes were mainly contributing to chemical synaptic transmission, neuropeptide hormone activity, postsynaptic membrane and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction pathway. Network analysis and validation analysis indicated that BDNF might serve as an important risk gene in mediating CIP. Conclusions: This study generates a holistic view of CIP and provides a basis for the identification of potential CUD-schizophrenia-target genes involved in the development of CIP. The abnormal expression of BDNF would be a candidate therapeutic target underlying the pathogenesis of CUD and associated CIP.

Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(10): 906-10, 2021 Oct 25.
Article Zh | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726016

OBJECTIVE: To study the prognosis and complications of proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA) in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS: From January 2016 to November 2019, 127 cases of femoral intertrochanteric fracture were treated with PFNA, including 51 males and 76 females. The average age was 81.39±8.16 (range from 60 to 98). According to Evans classification, the numbers of cases of typeⅠa, typeⅠb, typeⅠc, typeⅠd and typeⅡwere 10, 46, 48, 16 and 7, respectively. Based on the AO /OTA classification, there were 10 cases of type 31-A1.2, 84 of type 31- A1.3, 17 of type 31-A2.2, 9 of type 31-A2.3, and 7 of type 31-A3. Preoperative and the final follow up, function of hip joint of patients treatedwith the PFNA were evaluated by harris hip score, and the postoperative complications were observed. RESULTS: No incision infection occurred in all patients after PFNA. In this research, 4 cases failed in internal fixation, three of them underwent artificial femoral head replacement;5 cases died within one year after operation;2 cases had multiple embolizations of pulmonary artery branches, which recovered after anticoagulation treatment. There were 48 cases complicated with pneumonia, among which 9 cases had pulmonary inflammation before operation;27 cases with pleural effusion, 3 cases with acute heart failure, 3 cases with acute renal insufficiency, except one case died of pneumonia, pleural effusion, hypoproteinemia and respiratory failure during hospitalization, the other patients recovered after treatment. All 119 patients were followed up for 6 to 36 months, with an average of (17.01±6.03) months, Harris hip score increased from 8.96±5.40 preoperation to 83.57±8.92 at the final follow-up (t=75.86, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: PFNA is a recommended option for the treatment of senile patients with intertrochanteric fracture. However, there were a lot of complications when femoral intertrochanteric fractures happened in aged patients, especially prevention and treatment of pulmonary embolism, promptly corrected low hemoglobin and low albumin, and reduce complications.

Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Cell Rep ; 37(5): 109931, 2021 Nov 02.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731621

N-type voltage-gated calcium (CaV) channels mediate Ca2+ influx at presynaptic terminals in response to action potentials and play vital roles in synaptogenesis, release of neurotransmitters, and nociceptive transmission. Here, we elucidate a cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) structure of the human CaV2.2 complex in apo, ziconotide-bound, and two CaV2.2-specific pore blockers-bound states. The second voltage-sensing domain (VSD) is captured in a resting-state conformation, trapped by a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) molecule, which is distinct from the other three VSDs of CaV2.2, as well as activated VSDs observed in previous structures of CaV channels. This structure reveals the molecular basis for the unique inactivation process of CaV2.2 channels, in which the intracellular gate formed by S6 helices is closed and a W-helix from the domain II-III linker stabilizes closed-state inactivation. The structures of this inactivated, drug-bound complex lay a solid foundation for developing new state-dependent blockers for treatment of chronic pain.

Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13708, 2021 Nov 09.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751958

BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a highly heterogeneous disease accompanied by high mortality. Our goal was to investigate the risk factors for 28-day mortality and then establish a predictive online nomogram for ARDS originating from pulmonary disease (ARDSp). METHODS: We examined 1087 patients diagnosed with ARDS from January 2010 to December 2019 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. A total of 185 ARDSp patients were finally enrolled in the training cohort. A total of 43 ARDSp patients from January 2020 to August 2021 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University and the Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital of Jiangbei District were included in the external validation cohort. Fundamental, clinical and laboratory variables at admission were gathered from medical records, and the 28-day prognosis was followed up. RESULTS: In the training cohort, it was found that age, sex, C-reactive protein, albumin and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) were independent risk factors for 28-day mortality via multivariate logistic regression. The online nomogram software for 28-day mortality showed good discrimination, calibration and clinical utility in both the training cohort and external validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: For ARDSp patients, older males, lower C-reactive protein and albumin levels, and MODS were independent predictors of a poor 28-day prognosis. The online nomogram based on five independent factors could act as a predictive appliance in clinical practice.

Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 383, 2021 11 10.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753929

Exosomes play a role as mediators of cell-to-cell communication, thus exhibiting pleiotropic activities to homeostasis regulation. Exosomal non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), mainly microRNAs (miRNAs), long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), and circular RNAs (circRNAs), are closely related to a variety of biological and functional aspects of human health. When the exosomal ncRNAs undergo tissue-specific changes due to diverse internal or external disorders, they can cause tissue dysfunction, aging, and diseases. In this review, we comprehensively discuss the underlying regulatory mechanisms of exosomes in human diseases. In addition, we explore the current knowledge on the roles of exosomal miRNAs, lncRNAs, and circRNAs in human health and diseases, including cancers, metabolic diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, autoimmune diseases, and infectious diseases, to determine their potential implication in biomarker identification and therapeutic exploration.

Front Oncol ; 11: 743006, 2021.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778060

Cell death is essential for the normal metabolism of human organisms. Ferroptosis is a unique regulated cell death (RCD) mode characterized by excess accumulation of iron-dependent lipid peroxide and reactive oxygen species (ROS) compared with other well-known programmed cell death modes. It has been currently recognized that ferroptosis plays a rather important role in the occurrence, development, and treatment of traumatic brain injury, stroke, acute kidney injury, liver damage, ischemia-reperfusion injury, tumor, etc. Of note, ferroptosis may be explained by the expression of various molecules and signaling components, among which iron, lipid, and amino acid metabolism are the key regulatory mechanisms of ferroptosis. Meanwhile, tumor cells of hematological malignancies, such as leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma (MM), are identified to be sensitive to ferroptosis. Targeting potential regulatory factors in the ferroptosis pathway may promote or inhibit the disease progression of these malignancies. In this review, a systematic summary was conducted on the key molecular mechanisms of ferroptosis and the current potential relationships of ferroptosis with leukemia, lymphoma, and MM. It is expected to provide novel potential therapeutic approaches and targets for hematological malignancies.

Front Nutr ; 8: 750801, 2021.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778342

Background: Dairy product consumption is associated with ovarian cancer (OC) incidence. However, limited evidence is available on its influence on OC mortality. Methods: The association between pre-diagnostic dairy product intake and OC mortality was investigated in the OC follow-up study, which included a hospital-based cohort (n = 853) of women diagnosed with epithelial OC between 2015 and 2020. Pre-diagnosis diet information was collected using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Deaths were ascertained up to March 31, 2021 via death registry linkage. Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the aforementioned association. Results: A total of 130 women died during the median follow-up of 37.2 months (interquartile: 24.7-50.2 months). Comparisons of highest to lowest tertile intake showed that pre-diagnosis dairy product use was associated with total OC mortality (HR = 2.03, 95% CI = 1.21-3.40, p trend = 0.06). In addition, short survival was separately associated with protein (HR = 2.09, 95% CI = 1.25-3.49, p trend < 0.05), fat (HR = 2.16, 95% CI = 1.30-3.61, p trend < 0.05), and calcium (HR = 2.03, 95% CI = 1.21-3.4, p trend = 0.06) from dairy intake. Similar positive magnitudes were observed for menopausal status, residual lesions, histological type, and body mass index, although not all of these factors showed statistical significance. Conclusion: Pre-diagnosis dairy product consumption, including protein, fat, and calcium from dairy intake, was associated with higher mortality among OC survivors.

Mater Horiz ; 2021 Nov 11.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762085

As the alternatives to expensive Pt-based materials for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), iron/nitrogen co-doped carbon catalysts (FeNC) with dense FeNx active sites are promising candidates to promote the commercialization of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Herein, we report a synthetic approach using perfluorotetradecanoic acid (PFTA)-modified metal-organic frameworks as precursors for the synthesis of fluorine-doped FeNC (F-FeNC) with improved ORR performance. The utilization of PFTA surfactants causes profound changes of the catalyst structure including F-doping into graphitic carbon, increased micropore surface area and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area (up to 1085 m2 g-1), as well as dense FeNx sites. The F-FeNC catalyst exhibits an improved ORR activity with a high E1/2 of 0.83 V (VS. RHE) compared to the pristine FeNC material (E1/2 = 0.80 V). A fast decay occurs in the first 10 000 potential cycles for the F-FeNC catalyst, but high durability is still maintained up to another 50 000 cycles. Density functional theory calculations reveal that the strongly withdrawing fluorine atoms doped on the graphitic carbon can optimize the electronic structure of the FeNx active center and decrease the adsorption energy of ORR intermediates.

Acta Histochem ; 123(8): 151814, 2021 Nov 08.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763116

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common female cancer worldwide. DNA methylation is a common modification in epigenetics and affects the prognosis of breast cancer by changing gene expression. In the present study, we aim to investigate the role of DNA methylation in TMEM130 gene expression, and the function of TMEM130 in breast cancer cell migration. METHODS: The transcriptional expression of TMEM130 was detected by qRT-PCR in breast cancer cell lines and tissues. Bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP) was used to confirm the methylation status of TMEM130 promoter. Then, TMEM130 was transfected in breast cancer cell lines and to explore its role in cell migration by Transwell and western blot. RESULTS: TMEM130 mRNA expression was decreased in breast cancer cell lines and tissues, and consistent with the data in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The promoter of TMEM130 was hypermethylated in breast cancer and the expression of TMEM130 could be restored by the methyltransferase inhibitor. Overexpression of TMEM130 could inhibit cell migration ability in breast cancer cell lines. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results indicate TMEM130 downregulation and hypermethylation might contribute to breast cancer migration and TMEM130 might be a promising biomarker for breast cancer.

Opt Express ; 29(22): 35348-35365, 2021 Oct 25.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808971

Space objects and stars appear similar in images acquired by the wide field of view (FOV) survey telescope. This work investigates a unique property of the telescope observing a space object in satellite tracking mode, namely that the azimuth and altitude angles of the object and those of the optical axis of the telescope vary, in theory, in the same way. Based on this property we derive that the movement distance of the object between the two adjacent frames is minimal compared to the distance of the star. With this conclusion, it is possible to detect the object from a large number of background stars. To improve the robustness of the detection, the set of candidate objects is created. Finally, a clustering algorithm is employed to successfully extract the motion trajectory of the object. Unlike traditional detection methods or techniques based on image processing and analysis, our proposed detection is closely related to the parameters of the trajectory-following performance, which provides a more reliable basis for improving the detection rate. The feasibility and accuracy of the algorithm was verified by the 1.2-meter wide FOV survey telescope at the Jilin base of the Changchun observatory, with a detection rate of over 98%. The test results indicate that the method can satisfy the demand for detecting the object in an open-loop tracking. If the detection method is implemented in hardware, it can detect the object in a closed-loop tracking. As a result, it will have a wider scope for applications.

Int J Gen Med ; 14: 8217-8229, 2021.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815695

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by ß cell decline in the pancreas and insulin resistance. This study aimed to investigate the possible pathogenic gene mutation sites of T2DM patients using whole exome sequencing. Materials and Methods: We recruited a Chinese family with 3-generation history of diabetes. The whole blood genomic DNA of seven members of the family was extracted and sent for whole exome sequencing. Biological information was analyzed with in silico prediction methods, including significance analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)/Indel site, and analysis of specific SNP/Indel proteins and their potential mechanisms. Results: Six out of seven members of the family were diagnosed with diabetes. All DNA samples (23 kb) met quality requirements of library construction. Clean reads of each sample demonstrated high Q20 and Q30 (>80%), indicating good sequencing quality of sequencing data. A total of 130,693 SNPs and 15,928 Indels were found in DNA samples. A total of 22 significant SNPs and Indel mutation sites located on 19 genes were obtained, including ZCCHC3, SYN2, RPL14, SRRD, AMD1, CAMKK2, ZNF787, RNF157, NPIPB15, ALG3, KIAA0040, MAST2, ESRRA, C8orf58, PNLIPRP1, DACH1, MACC1, CAPN9 and DMKN. An rs2305205 mutation of PNLIPRP1 gene and an rs778701848 mutation of CAMKK2 gene may be associated with the pathogenesis of T2DM in this family. Conclusion: Exons of these diabetic patients demonstrated an rs2305205 mutation in PNLIPRP1 gene and an rs778701848 mutation in CAMKK2 gene. These two mutations might promote T2DM occurrence through reducing sensitivity of peripheral tissue to insulin and reducing insulin secretion.

Lancet ; 398(10314): 1871-1872, 2021 11 20.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801100
J Interv Med ; 4(1): 39-45, 2021 Feb.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805946

Objective: To explore the clinical significance of serum midkine (MDK) levels for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and evaluate the efficacy of interventional therapy. Methods: Eighty-four patients with HCC were enrolled in this retrospective study. They received an interventional treatment. A follow-up was performed every 2 months, using magnetic resonance imaging, to determine whether the treatment should be continued. Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and MDK levels were measured at the first diagnosis and during the follow-ups, and the HCC detection rates based on the cutoff values of these two measurements were compared. The relationships between AFP and MDK and the clinical tumor characteristics and changes in APK and MDK before and after treatment were also compared using a rank sum test and χ2 test, respectively. The prognostic significance of MDK for HCC was determined through regression analysis. A two-sided P â€‹< â€‹0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: MDK expression was detected in 95.24% of the cases. Subgroup analysis revealed MDK expression in 95.35%, 95.12%, 85.19%, 86.67%, and 83.33% of the AFP-positive, AFP-negative, stage A Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC-A), BCLC-A/AFP-positive, and BCLC-A/AFP-negative cases, respectively. MDK expression after the interventional treatment (66.7%) was significantly lower than that before the treatment (95.2%). The mean post-treatment MDK level was 0.67 â€‹ng/mL in patients with a positive response to therapy as compared with 3.66 â€‹ng/mL in those with no positive response. All patients were followed up for 18 months, and those positive for MDK expression before the intervention were more likely to relapse than patients without MDK expression. Subgroup analysis revealed the highest recurrence rate for patients who were positive for MDK expression before and after treatment. Conclusions: Serum MDK may serve as a powerful complement to AFP in the diagnosis of HCC. MDK measurement may improve the detection rate of BCLC-A and AFP-negative HCC. Serum MDK may help to determine the vascular invasion and poor clinical staging of HCC tumors. Patients with MDK-positive HCC before treatment may be more prone to postoperative tumor progression.

Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(11): 1087-1090, 2021 Nov 10.
Article Zh | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729749

OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation between the genotypes and metabolic markers and microstructure of bones in children with Gitelman syndrome (GS). METHODS: For 15 children with GS and 10 healthy individuals, baseline data and bone metabolic markers including parathyroid hormone, alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen, beta isomer of the C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen and 25-hydroxyvitamin D, high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography indicators (volumetric bone mineral density, bone microstructure indicators) were collected. Genetic testing was carried out to determine their genotypes. RESULTS: The volumetric bone mineral density, bone geometry and bone microstructure parameters of the GS group were better than those of the healthy controls (P<0.05). Variants of the SLC12A3 gene were identified in 9 of the 15 patients but none of the 10 healthy controls. CONCLUSION: The phenotype of GS children is influenced by the interaction of genetic variants, though the phenotype associated with high frequency mutations showed no specificity. There is also a correlation between their genotype and the bone microstructure.

Gitelman Syndrome , Biomarkers , Bone and Bones , Child , Collagen Type I/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Osteocalcin/genetics , Peptide Fragments , Solute Carrier Family 12, Member 3
Food Chem ; 373(Pt A): 131387, 2021 Oct 13.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742042

With the globalization of the food market and the convenience of food transportation between countries, consumers are increasingly worried about the source and safety of the food they eat. Traceability has been identified as an important tool for ensuring food safety and quality. This review mainly introduces the principles of five food traceability technologies, summarizes the progress in mutton application, comprehensively compares and analyzes the five traceability technologies, and discusses their application prospects, advantages and disadvantages. It is aimed at promoting research and application of traceability technology in mutton safety, promoting establishment and improvement of food traceability system.