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Ter Arkh ; 86(9): 65-70, 2014.
Article Ru | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25518508

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of cytoflavin in the treatment of patients with hypertensive encephalopathy (HE). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty patients aged 39 to 73 years, diagnosed with HE, were examined and randomized to 2 groups. A study group (n = 74) received cytoflavin in a dose of 2 tablets b.i.d. on days 1 to 25 days inclusive during standard basic therapy. A comparison group (n = 66 persons) had standard basic therapy only. A control group consisted of 30 apparently healthy individuals. The investigators studied the frequency of headache, dizziness, and other complaints and the intensity of cephalalgic syndrome, by using a visual analog scale, the quality of life by the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (MOS SF-36) questionnaire, that of sleep by the subjective sleep characteristics questionnaire elaborated at the Moscow City Somnological Center, the level of asthenia by a subjective asthenia rating scale (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), and autonomic status, by applying objective and subjective scales on days 1 and 25 of therapy. RESULTS: The study has shown that cytoflavin used in the above dose for 25 days reduces the frequency and magnitude of complaints of headache, dizziness, "venous" complaints, the degree of autonomic and asthenic disorders, and impairments in the quality of sleep and life in the patients with HE at all disease stages. A stepwise discriminant analysis has indicated that the degree of cephalgic syndrome, and autonomic disorders, and worse sleep quality are the most effective points for using the energy-modifier cytoflavin. CONCLUSION: HE treatment based on the current pathogenetic principles may have a preventive impact on the development of HE or slow down the rate of its progression.

Flavin Mononucleotide/administration & dosage , Headache , Hypertensive Encephalopathy , Inosine Diphosphate/administration & dosage , Neurocirculatory Asthenia , Niacinamide/administration & dosage , Sleep Wake Disorders , Succinates/administration & dosage , Administration, Oral , Adult , Aged , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Combinations , Drug Monitoring , Energy Metabolism/drug effects , Female , Headache/diagnosis , Headache/drug therapy , Headache/etiology , Humans , Hypertensive Encephalopathy/complications , Hypertensive Encephalopathy/drug therapy , Hypertensive Encephalopathy/metabolism , Hypertensive Encephalopathy/physiopathology , Hypertensive Encephalopathy/psychology , Male , Middle Aged , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/diagnosis , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/etiology , Pain Measurement/methods , Polysomnography , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , Sleep Wake Disorders/diagnosis , Sleep Wake Disorders/drug therapy , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Visual Analog Scale , Vitamin B Complex/administration & dosage
Article Ru | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23388593

The authors present the results of clinical, physiological and psychological examination of 31 patients with neurocirculatory asthenia with arterial hypertension syndrome. There was an increase in the levels of state and trait anxiety correlated with a number of physiological traits that confirmed a leading role of psycho-emotional sphere in the formation of hypertensive reactions. An evaluation of the efficacy of the drug Adaptol used in daily dosage 1500 mg during 8 weeks in the treatment of these patients revealed its high efficacy (the improvement was seen in 74% of cases) confirmed by the data of clinical and psychological studies.

Anti-Anxiety Agents/therapeutic use , Biureas/therapeutic use , Hypertension/drug therapy , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Adult , Anti-Anxiety Agents/administration & dosage , Biureas/administration & dosage , Female , Humans , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypertension/psychology , Male , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/physiopathology , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/psychology , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
Klin Med (Mosk) ; 83(11): 59-62, 2005.
Article Ru | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16404942

The article is dedicated to therapeutic efficacy of a combination of the antihypoxant bemithyl and the antidepressant pyrazidol in patients with asthenoneurotic and asthenovegetative syndromes after moderate isolated brain injury (BI). The combined therapy was shown to reduce long-term sequences of BI such as asthenic symptoms, stabilize both lipid peroxidation processes and serum antioxidative systems.

Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Benzimidazoles/therapeutic use , Brain Injuries/complications , Carbazoles/therapeutic use , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Lipid Peroxidation/physiology , Male , Middle Aged , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/blood , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/etiology , Treatment Outcome
Kardiologiia ; 43(10): 93-8, 2003.
Article Ru | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14593360

Difficulties of diagnostics of neurocirculatory dystonia are discussed. Definition based on Myasnikov's ideas about hyperreactivity, that is inadequate cardiovascular responses to psychoemotional stress, is proposed. Peculiarities of classification and therapy of neurocirculatory dystonia are presented.

Neurocirculatory Asthenia , Stress, Psychological , Thiophenes , Acrylates/administration & dosage , Acrylates/therapeutic use , Adolescent , Adult , Antihypertensive Agents/administration & dosage , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Child , Clinical Trials as Topic , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Imidazoles/administration & dosage , Imidazoles/therapeutic use , Male , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/diagnosis , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/psychology , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/therapy , Psychotherapy
Lik Sprava ; (3-4): 110-3, 1996.
Article Ru | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9035841

As many as 20 patients with neurocirculatory dystonia (NCD) and 10 IHD patients presenting with stable exertional angina were evaluated for an effectiveness of antianginal action of validol tablets commercially- and noncommercially produced, the above tablets being of the changed composition in the latter case. Validol of both changed and unchanged composition had a similar transient antianginal effect which was higher in NCD than it was in angina pectoris. Economical as well as clinical effects of validol of the changed make up warrant it to be commercially produced.

Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Valerates/administration & dosage , Vasodilator Agents/administration & dosage , Adolescent , Adult , Angina Pectoris/diagnosis , Drug Evaluation , Electrocardiography/drug effects , Exercise Test/drug effects , Humans , Middle Aged , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnosis , Myocardial Ischemia/drug therapy , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/diagnosis , Tablets
Ter Arkh ; 65(11): 72-4, 1993.
Article Ru | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8108807

Echocardiography and tetrapolar impedance plethysmography were employed to study 160 patients with normotensive, hypertensive and hypotensive neurocirculatory asthenia (NCA). In hyperkinetic circulation registered in 53.8% of the examinees the patients received therapy aimed at stabilization of cardiac output, i.e. beta-adrenoblockers, calcium antagonists. In NCA free of hyperkinetic hemodynamics on-demand use was made of diuretics, cholinolytic and sedative drugs. The correction of bioenergetic and metabolic impairments detected in the myocardium was performed with potassium drugs, antioxidants, metabolic agents. Positive shifts achieved with the treatment available for general practitioners were seen in 90.7% of the NCA patients permitting recommendation of this approach for introduction into outpatient practice.

Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypotension/drug therapy , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Adult , Drug Evaluation , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypotension/diagnosis , Hypotension/physiopathology , Male , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/diagnosis , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/physiopathology
Minerva Cardioangiol ; 40(12): 467-78, 1992 Dec.
Article It | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1363579

The therapeutic approach to cardiac arrhythmias is constantly evolving due to our improved understanding of their mechanisms and clinico-prognostic implications, even if uncertainties and controversies continue to be a marked feature of this sector, perhaps more than in any other field of medicine. The frequent finding of cardiac arrhythmias in the healthy and cardiopathic population justifies the importance which the question of the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac rhythm disorders has now assumed, even if, as far as the latter is concerned, the aggressive approach has been considerably modified over the past years. This has occurred in view of the still unproven value of indiscriminate anti-arrhythmic treatment for the purposes of prolonging life. This treatment has only been demonstrated to be of value in a few studies in selected subgroups of high-risk patients. In addition, it should be underlined that it has been reported that anti-arrhythmic drugs may possible aggravate or induce new arrhythmia. This potential pro-arrhythmic effect has become increasingly recurrent due to the widespread use and diffusion of this category of drugs. Such considerations should therefore encourage greater caution in the use of these drugs. Cardiac arrhythmias may be benign or life-threatening, symptomatic or asymptomatic; they may be a warning sign of sudden death, or be the cause or effect of heart failure, be the expression of an acute or chronic heart disease, or the clinical manifestation, at a cardiac level, of an extracardiac pathology. Within this broad-ranging clinical context, arrhythmia often gives rise to therapeutic dilemmas which must be resolved with extreme rationality, taking into account the results of all available clinical trials. The results of the Cardiac Arrhythmias Suppression Trial (CAST) showed that clinical judgements of therapeutic efficacy, made in the absence of carefully controlled studies, are often incorrect. On the basis of these findings beta-blocking drugs may find increasing use, since while they are not anti-arrhythmic drugs in the strict sense of the term, they are safer due to their negligible pro-arrhythmic effect, the lower incidence of collateral effects and their proven efficacy in post-infarction. The role of beta-blockers in the treatment of manifest heart failure should not be over-looked, since by countering the deleterious effect of increased catecholamines they may improve the prognosis, thus reducing the incidence of sudden death.

Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/classification , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/classification , Clinical Trials as Topic , Contraindications , Humans
Cardiovasc Drugs Ther ; 6(3): 249-53, 1992 Jun.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1353368

In order to compare the beta blockers bisoprolol and diazepam in the treatment of cardiac neurosis, 40 patients (16 males and 24 females, mean age: 39 +/- 11 years) were examined in a double-blind, crossover study. Following a 4-week placebo period, patients were randomized to receive either bisoprolol 10 mg daily or diazepam 5 mg twice daily for 4 weeks. After a second 4-week washout period on placebo, patients were switched to the alternative regimen for a further 4 weeks. At the end of the placebo periods and during each phase of treatment, the following parameters were evaluated: somatic symptoms by self-assessment questionnaire, anxiety state by Hamilton rating scale, reaction time to both acoustic and visual stimuli, blood pressure, and heart rate. Both treatments were effective in reducing somatic symptoms of cardiac neurosis, but bisoprolol was significantly more effective than diazepam (p less than 0.01). On the contrary, diazepam was superior to bisoprolol in improving the Hamilton scale related to psychic symptoms. Only diazepam prolonged reaction times. Both treatments were well tolerated; however, 12 patients complained of drowsiness and nine of sedation under diazepam. In conclusion, bisoprolol appeared to be as effective as diazepam in the treatment of cardiac neurosis, but with better effects on somatic symptoms and without affecting patients' psychomotor performance.

Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Diazepam/therapeutic use , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Propanolamines/therapeutic use , Adult , Bisoprolol , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Diazepam/administration & dosage , Double-Blind Method , Female , Heart Rate/drug effects , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Propanolamines/administration & dosage
Kardiologiia ; 32(2): 35-6, 1992 Feb.
Article Ru | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1527932

Echocardiography was used to study the cardio- and hemodynamic effects of corinfar in 22 patients with neurocirculatory dystonia and 24 with hypertensive disease. The agent showed a pronounced hyperdynamic effect in patients with neurocirculatory dystonia, whereas it significantly lowered systolic, diastolic, mean blood pressures in those with hypertensive disease, by facilitating left ventricular performance without hyperkinemia. It is concluded that neurocirculatory dystonia and hypertensive disease are different diseases, by judging from the cardio- and hemodynamic effects of the calcium antagonist in these patients.

Hemodynamics/drug effects , Hypertension/drug therapy , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Nifedipine/therapeutic use , Adolescent , Adult , Echocardiography , Humans , Hypertension/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/diagnostic imaging
Article Ru | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1316015

At pharmaco-electroencephalographic examination of patients with neuroses narrow-band components was carried out of the EEG spectrum, which oppositively changed under the influence of sidnocarb and obsidan--agonist and antagonist of noradrenergic system, the initial hypothesis on the perspectivity of search of the EEG markers of the level of activation of the brain neurotransmitter systems thus being confirmed. Comparison of the obtained EEG-data with pharmacological properties of the applied drugs allows to project the aspects of further EEG studies of neurotransmission.

Electroencephalography/drug effects , Norepinephrine/physiology , Propranolol/pharmacology , Receptors, Adrenergic/drug effects , Sydnones/pharmacology , Sympathomimetics/pharmacology , Alpha Rhythm/drug effects , Electroencephalography/methods , Humans , Neurasthenia/drug therapy , Neurasthenia/physiopathology , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/physiopathology , Norepinephrine/antagonists & inhibitors , Propranolol/administration & dosage , Receptors, Adrenergic/physiology , Sydnones/administration & dosage , Sympathomimetics/administration & dosage
Article Ru | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1319651

Cavinton was used for 10 years in 967 patients with different cerebrovascular diseases. The highest effect was seen in patients with early forms and primarily chronic forms: vegetovascular (neurocirculatory) dystonia, initial manifestations of brain blood supply insufficiency, circulatory encephalopathy in the first and second stages. Improvement of the subjective status and a decrease of the intensity of vestibulocerebellar disorders were recorded by the end of the treatment in 75-85% of such patients. In ischemic brain stroke, regress of general cerebral and focal symptoms was more rapid and significant in the adequate reaction type of cerebral hemodynamics to cavinton administration (a rise of pulse blood content of the brain and a reduction of the vascular tone according to the REG data) and was less noticeable in the hypertonic and, in particular, in the hypotonic type. Cavinton should not be used in severe general cerebral hypertensive crises, as well as in elderly or senile patients with acute cardio-cerebral or cerebro-cardiac syndrome, postinfarction cardiosclerosis, marked disorders of heart rhythm.

Brain/blood supply , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Cerebrovascular Circulation/drug effects , Ischemic Attack, Transient/drug therapy , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Vasodilator Agents/administration & dosage , Vinca Alkaloids/administration & dosage , Administration, Oral , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Cerebral Infarction/physiopathology , Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology , Drug Administration Schedule , Humans , Ischemic Attack, Transient/physiopathology , Middle Aged , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/physiopathology , Time Factors
Vrach Delo ; (9): 90-2, 1991 Sep.
Article Ru | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1759443

A study of 68 patients showed that the ergometrine test is a rather informative method of the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease that supplements essentially the results of loading tests. The authors demonstrate the possibility of using the ergometrine test with the purpose of evaluating the effect of antianginal therapy.

Angina Pectoris/diagnosis , Coronary Disease/diagnosis , Ergonovine/analogs & derivatives , Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Electrocardiography , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Exercise Test , Humans , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/diagnosis , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy
Kardiol Pol ; 35(10): 211-6, 1991.
Article Pl | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-1762279

In twenty two young (mean age 31.6 years) normotensive women with hyperkinetic heart syndrome (HHS) we assessed echocardiographically left ventricular (LV) function indexes before and after 40 mg of oral propranolol. At baseline the HHS group differed from controls with respect to higher heart rate heart and diastolic blood pressure (BPs), lower systolic and systolic LV volumes, greater corrected mean circumferential fiber shortening, ejection fraction, cardiac index and contractility index (systolic blood pressure x body surface area/LV end-systolic volume ratio). Propranolol normalized nearly all analyzed indexes except for BPs which remained increased compared to controls. In young women with HHS enhanced cardiac performance is expressed by higher cardiac index and speed of blood ejection from the left ventricle, is related to tachycardia and higher contractility but not to increased preload. Results post propranolol administration speak in favour of significant role of increased beta-adrenoceptor stimulation in HHS.

Neurocirculatory Asthenia/physiopathology , Systole/physiology , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Adult , Age Factors , Echocardiography/methods , Female , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Hemodynamics/physiology , Humans , Middle Aged , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/diagnostic imaging , Neurocirculatory Asthenia/drug therapy , Propranolol/therapeutic use , Systole/drug effects , Ventricular Function, Left/drug effects