Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
: 20 | 50 | 100
1 - 20 de 1.007.221
1.
Cir Pediatr ; 35(1): 10-13, 2022 Jan 01.
Article En, Es | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35037434

INTRODUCTION: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic brought about a reduction in surgical activity. The objective of this work was to analyze its impact on inguinal hernia morbidity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of cases and controls was carried out. Patients under 18 months of age undergoing inguinal hernia surgery from January 1, 2019 to August 31, 2020 were included. They were divided into two groups: patients undergoing surgery before (group A) or after (group D) the state of alarm was declared in Spain. Primary variables: episodes of incarceration and postoperative complications. Secondary variable: urgent or scheduled surgery. Demographic variables: sex, gestational age (GA), previous pathologies, age at diagnosis (AD), and age at surgery (AS) (months). RESULTS: 64 patients were included - 43 in group A and 21 in group D. In group A, median GA was 37+3, 90.5% of patients were male, median AD was 2.33, and median AS was 3.27. In group D, median GA was 31+2, 72.1% of patients were male, median AD was 3, and median AS was 3.63. There were no statistically significant differences. However, differences in terms of previous pathologies were significant (16.3% for Group A vs. 38.1% for group D) (p = 0.05). Regarding the primary variable, 25.6% of patients in group A had incarcerations vs. 33.3% of patients in group D (p = 0.51), whereas 9.3% of patients in group A had postoperative morbidity vs. 14.3% of patients in group D (p = 0.41). Regarding the secondary variable, 88.4% of surgeries in group A were scheduled vs. 90.5% of surgeries in group D (p = 0.583). CONCLUSION: In spite of reduced surgical activity, inguinal hernia morbidity did not surge in our environment. An increase in patients with previous pathologies was noted, which means severe patients should be prioritized.


INTRODUCCION: La pandemia del SARS-CoV-2 supuso una reducción de las jornadas quirúrgicas. Analizamos el efecto en la morbilidad de la hernia inguinal. MATERIAL Y METODOS: Estudio retrospectivo de casos y controles. Incluimos menores de 18 meses intervenidos de hernia inguinal desde 01/01/2019 hasta 31/08/2020, divididos en 2 grupos: intervenidos antes (grupo A) o después (grupo D) de la declaración del estado de alarma. Variables principales: episodios de incarceraciones y complicaciones postoperatorias. Variable secundaria: intervención urgente o programada. Variables poblacionales: sexo, edad gestacional (EG), patología previa, edad al diagnóstico(ED) y a la intervención (EI) (meses). RESULTADOS: Incluimos 64 pacientes, 43 grupo A y 21 grupo D. En el grupo A la mediana de EG fue 37+3, el 90,5% fueron varones, la mediana ED fue 2,33 y EI 3,27. En el grupo B la mediana de EG fue 31+2, el 72,1% fueron varones, la mediana ED fue 3 y EI 3,63. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Si fueron significativas las diferencias en patología previa 16,3% A y 38,1% D (p = 0,05). Sobre la variable principal: 25,6% del A sufrieron incarceraciones frente a 33,3% del D (p = 0,51) y un 9,3% tuvieron morbilidad postoperatoria en A frente a 14,3% en D (p = 0,41). Respecto a la variable secundaria un 88,4% se realizaron de forma programada en el grupo A y un 90,5% en el grupo D (p = 0,583). CONCLUSION: Pese a la reducción de jornadas quirúrgicas no ha aumentado la morbilidad de la hernia inguinal en nuestro medio. Hemos observado un aumento de pacientes con patología previa, implicando la priorización de los pacientes más graves.


COVID-19 , Hernia, Inguinal , Hernia, Inguinal/epidemiology , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Herniorrhaphy , Humans , Infant , Male , Pandemics , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Cir Pediatr ; 35(1): 14-17, 2022 Jan 01.
Article En, Es | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35037435

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic treatment of inguinal hernia is gaining popularity in many hospitals, but the use of working channel scopes is not as widely extended. We present our long-term experience with the SuPerLap (laparoscopic-assisted percutaneous suture) technique described by Rosell et al.(1) for epigastric hernia repair in the percutaneous, single-port treatment of inguinal hernia using working channel scopes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a series of male patients with congenital inguinal hernia undergoing surgery from February 2017 to December 2020 was carried out. A 5 mm-0º pleuroscope with a 3.5 mm working channel, a 20 G epidural needle, a 36 cm/3.5 mm laparoscopic Maryland dissector, and 3-0 polypropylene and polyester sutures were used. RESULTS: 384 inguinal hernia repairs using the SuPerLap technique were performed in 295 male patients - 206 unilateral repairs and 89 bilateral repairs. In 24 bilateral cases (26.95%), preoperative diagnosis had been unilateral. Mean age was two years (2 weeks-13 years). Mean operating time was 14 minutes (6-50 min) for unilateral repair, and 27 minutes (14-80 min) for bilateral repair. There were two cases of epigastric vessel damage, and one case of early recurrence in a newborn, who successfully underwent re-intervention using the SuPerLap technique. No late complications were recorded after a mean follow-up of 1-36 months. CONCLUSIONS: Working channel scopes using the SuPerLap technique avoid additional ports in inguinal hernia repair. They allow for excellent functional results, without visible scars, and minimize spermatic cord manipulation. Laparoscopy allows previously undiagnosed defects to be concomitantly treated.


INTRODUCCION: La laparoscopia en el tratamiento de la hernia inguinal está cada vez más presente en muchos hospitales. El uso de ópticas con canal de trabajo no está tan extendido. Se presenta la experiencia a largo plazo en la aplicación de la técnica SuPerLap (sutura percutánea laparoasistida) propuesta por Rosell y cols.(1) para la reparación de hernias epigástricas en el tratamiento monopuerto, percutáneo de las hernias inguinales mediante el uso de ópticas con canal de trabajo. MATERIAL Y METODO: Serie quirúrgica de hernia inguinal congénita en varones (febrero de 2017-diciembre de 2020). Se utilizó: pleuroscopio de 5 mm-0º con canal de trabajo de 3,5 mm; aguja epidural 20 G; suturas de polipropileno y poliéster 3/0; disector Maryland laparoscópico (36 cm-3,5 mm). RESULTADOS: Se realizaron 384 herniorrafias inguinales según técnica SuPerLap en 295 varones (206 unilaterales, 89 bilaterales). En 24 casos bilaterales (26,95%) el diagnóstico preoperatorio fue unilateral. La edad media fue de dos años (2 semanas-13 años). El tiempo medio quirúrgico fue 14 minutos (6-50 min) en unilaterales, 27 (14-80 min) en bilaterales. Hubo dos casos de lesión de vasos epigástricos y una recidiva precoz en un neonato, reintervenido satisfactoriamente mediante técnica SuPerLap. En un seguimiento de 1-36 meses no hubo complicaciones tardías. CONCLUSIONES: El uso de ópticas con canal de trabajo según técnica SuPerLap posibilita prescindir de puertos adicionales en el tratamiento de la hernia inguinal. Permite resultados funcionales comparables y cirugía sin cicatrices visibles. Minimiza la manipulación del cordón espermático. La laparoscopia permite el tratamiento concomitante de defectos no diagnosticados previamente.


Hernia, Inguinal , Laparoscopy , Child, Preschool , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Herniorrhaphy , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Cir Pediatr ; 35(1): 18-24, 2022 Jan 01.
Article En, Es | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35037436

INTRODUCTION: In pediatrics, there are few standard criteria to classify and consolidate postoperative complications, particularly in appendectomy, where according to the literature, complications range from 5% to 30%. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational, retrospective study of patients undergoing surgery as a result of suspected acute appendicitis (AA) from December 2018 to January 2020 was carried out. Complications were grouped and consolidated according to the Clavien-Dindo (CD) classification. Postoperative complications and factors involved were analyzed by conducting a bivariate and multivariate statistical study using SPSS statistical software, version 25. RESULTS: A total of 124 patients were studied. Mean age was 9 years (3-14 years). 62% were boys, and 38% were girls. All patients underwent appendectomy - 80.6% through laparotomy, and 19.4% through laparoscopy. 20% of patients had postoperative complications, which were grouped according to the CD classification (p = 0.002). Most complications were included in the CD I group (64%). Collections treated with antibiotic therapy were included in the CD II group (28%). Intra-abdominal collections requiring re-intervention for drainage purposes were included in the CD IIIb group (8%). The main factors driving complications were complicated AA (81% gangrenous and perforated) (p < 0.001) and progression time (80% > 24 h of progression) (p = 0.036), which increased mean hospital stay by 7 ± 4 days (p = 0.016). 137 ± 37 CRP levels were associated with plastron identification (p < 0.001), whereas 109 ± 19 CRP levels were associated with peritonitis (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The Clavien-Dindo classification allows post-appendectomy complications in pediatric surgery to be classified using a common language, by associating complication grade with treatment complexity.


INTRODUCCION: En pediatría hay pocos criterios estándares para clasificar y unificar las complicaciones postquirúrgicas y en particular en la apendicectomía, donde, según la literatura, las complicaciones varían de un 5-30%. METODOS: Realizamos un estudio retrospectivo, observacional tipo transversal de los pacientes intervenidos por sospecha de apendicitis aguda (AA) durante diciembre 2018 a enero 2020. Las complicaciones fueron agrupadas y unificadas según la clasificación de Clavien-Dindo (CD). Se analizan las complicaciones postoperatorias y factores implicados, aplicando estudio estadístico bivariante y multivariante según el programa estadístico SPSS versión 25. RESULTADOS: Un total de 124 pacientes incluidos. Edad media 9 años (3-14 años). 62% niños, 38% niñas. A todos se les realizó apendicectomía, el 80,6% apendicectomía abierta, 19,4% por laparoscopia. El 20% presentó algún tipo de complicación en el postoperatorio y fueron agrupadas según la clasificación de CD (p = 0,002). En CD I (64%) se incluyen la mayoría de las complicaciones, En el grupo CD II (28%) colecciones tratadas con antibioticoterapia. En el grupo CD IIIb (8%), colección intraabdominal que requirió reintervención para su drenaje. Los principales factores implicados en la aparición de complicaciones fueron: AA complicadas (81% gangrenosas y perforadas) (p < 0,001), tiempo de evolución (80% > 24 h de evolución) (p = 0,036) que incrementó la estancia media 7 ± 4 días (p = 0,016). El valor de proteína C reactiva (PCR) (137 ± 37) se relacionó con la identificación de plastrón (p < 0,001), y el valor de PCR (109 ± 19) con peritonitis (p < 0,001). CONCLUSIONES: La clasificación de Clavien-Dindo permite utilizar un lenguaje común para clasificar las complicaciones postapendicectomía en cirugía pediátrica, expresando el grado de estas según complejidad del tratamiento utilizado para su resolución.


Appendicitis , Laparoscopy , Appendectomy/adverse effects , Appendicitis/surgery , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies
4.
Cir Pediatr ; 35(1): 42-45, 2022 Jan 01.
Article En, Es | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35037440

Primary defect closure is the surgical treatment of choice in gastroschisis. When this is not feasible, a silo is required to progressively reduce the organs and perform a deferred closure of the wall. We present the case of a newborn with gastroschisis that required the use of a silo. Once the silo had been created, the distance between borders did not allow the defect to be closed, so decision was made to conduct releasing aponeurotic incisions for mobilization purposes.Progression was uneventful, and enteral nutrition was initiated at 24 days of life. Total enteral total nutrition was achieved at 40 days of life. He received parenteral nutrition for 36 days. He was discharged at 59 days of life. Abdominal wall treatment through releasing incisions allows prostheses to be avoided and represents an alternative for these patients.


El tratamiento quirúrgico de referencia en la gastrosquisis es el cierre primario del defecto. En los casos en que esto no es posible es necesario confeccionar un silo para reducir progresivamente las vísceras y realizar así el cierre diferido de la pared. Presentamos el caso de un recién nacido con gastrosquisis, que luego de confeccionar un silo, la distancia entre los bordes no permitía cerrar el defecto, por lo que se decidió realizar incisiones de descargas aponeuróticas para movilizar los mismos. El paciente evolucionó sin complicaciones, iniciando alimentación enteral a los 24 días de vida, alcanzando el aporte enteral total a los 40 días de vida. Recibió nutrición parenteral durante 36 días. Fue dado de alta a los 59 días. El tratamiento de la pared abdominal mediante incisiones de descarga permite evitar el uso de prótesis y agrega otra alternativa para el tratamiento de estos pacientes.


Abdominal Wall , Gastroschisis , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Gastroschisis/surgery , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Parenteral Nutrition , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Prostheses and Implants , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 17, 2022 Jan 10.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35012494

BACKGROUND: With the increasing demand for corneas, eye banks must optimize the tissue donation, collection, and selection process. This retrospective monocentric study analyzed the approval rates for corneal donation and the origin of and reasons for discarding donor corneas from 2010 to 2019. METHODS: Data included the number of deceased, approval or rejection by the family for corneal donation and contraindications. Corneal grafts were included from all deceased persons who were full-body and multi-organ donors at the Saarland University Medical Center (UKS) and from external institutions. Additional analyzed parameters included endothelial cell count (ECC), blood sample serology for infections, and conjunctival swab testing . RESULTS: A total of 1748 corneoscleral buttons were harvested from 10,265 deceased persons (17% with no contraindication) at the UKS between 2010 and 2019, with a consent rate of 23.3%. The number of keratoplasties increased from 136 in 2010 (15% of the deceased, total = 925) to 251 in 2019 (21%, total = 1214). Both the general and department-specific data showed similar percentages for corneal donation over the years, with intensive care and palliative units recently providing the most corneas. The increase in the number of corneas processed by the cornea bank over the years (368 in 2010 compared with 857 in 2019) was linked both to a better internal supply in 2010 (262, 71.2% of the total) compared with 2019 (519, 60.6%) and to an external supply by reinforcement of cooperation with external hospitals, including Luxembourg in 2010 (106, 28.8% of the total) compared with 2019 (338, 39.4%). A total of 195 of 377 corneas (52%) were discarded in 2009 compared with 260 out of 715 (36%) in 2019. The main reasons for discarding were low ECC (36% of discarded corneas in 2009; 11% in 2019), positive conjunctival swab (11% in 2009; 13% in 2019), and blood sample serology (6% in 2009 and in 2019). CONCLUSION: Despite an increasing number of donors, the demand for corneas is still rising. Improved cooperation with internal departments and with external clinics has led to an increasing number of explanted corneas. The main reason for discarding corneas was low ECC, followed by a positive conjunctival swab for fungal or bacterial contamination and serology. Increased donation rates and continued improvements in collection and selection processes are necessary to cover the high demand for corneas.


Corneal Transplantation , Eye Banks , Cornea , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Tissue Donors , Universities
6.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(1): e17273, 2022 01 11.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35014964

BACKGROUND: Patient-clinician secure messaging is an important function in patient portals and enables patients and clinicians to communicate on a wide spectrum of issues in a timely manner. With its growing adoption and patient engagement, it is time to comprehensively study the secure messages and user behaviors in order to improve patient-centered care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to analyze the secure messages sent by patients and clinicians in a large multispecialty health system at Mayo Clinic, Rochester. METHODS: We performed message-based, sender-based, and thread-based analyses of more than 5 million secure messages between 2010 and 2017. We summarized the message volumes, patient and clinician population sizes, message counts per patient or clinician, as well as the trends of message volumes and user counts over the years. In addition, we calculated the time distribution of clinician-sent messages to understand their workloads at different times of a day. We also analyzed the time delay in clinician responses to patient messages to assess their communication efficiency and the back-and-forth rounds to estimate the communication complexity. RESULTS: During 2010-2017, the patient portal at Mayo Clinic, Rochester experienced a significant growth in terms of the count of patient users and the total number of secure messages sent by patients and clinicians. Three clinician categories, namely "physician-primary care," "registered nurse-specialty," and "physician-specialty," bore the majority of message volume increase. The patient portal also demonstrated growing trends in message counts per patient and clinician. The "nurse practitioner or physician assistant-primary care" and "physician-primary care" categories had the heaviest per-clinician workload each year. Most messages by the clinicians were sent from 7 AM to 5 PM during a day. Yet, between 5 PM and 7 PM, the physicians sent 7.0% (95,785/1,377,006) of their daily messages, and the nurse practitioner or physician assistant sent 5.4% (22,121/408,526) of their daily messages. The clinicians replied to 72.2% (1,272,069/1,761,739) patient messages within 1 day and 90.6% (1,595,702/1,761,739) within 3 days. In 95.1% (1,499,316/1,576,205) of the message threads, the patients communicated with their clinicians back and forth for no more than 4 rounds. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found steady increases in patient adoption of the secure messaging system and the average workload per clinician over 8 years. However, most clinicians responded timely to meet the patients' needs. Our study also revealed differential patient-clinician communication patterns across different practice roles and care settings. These findings suggest opportunities for care teams to optimize messaging tasks and to balance the workload for optimal efficiency.


Medicine , Patient Portals , Communication , Humans , Patient Participation , Retrospective Studies
8.
Orthop Surg ; 14(1): 129-138, 2022 Jan.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023317

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of dementia in pneumonia among geriatric patients with hip fracture and further develop an algorithm for stratifying risk of developing postoperative pneumonia. METHODS: The algorithm was developed after retrospectively analyzing 1344 hip fracture patients in the National Clinical Research Center for Orthopedics, Sports Medicine, and Rehabilitation from 1992 to 2012. Twenty-eight variables were analyzed for evaluating the ability to predict postoperative pneumonia. The validation of the algorithm was performed in the MIMIC-III database after enrolling 235 patients. RESULTS: One thousand five hundred and seventy-nine patients were enrolled, 4.69% patients had postoperative pneumonia in our hospital, and 17.02% suffered pneumonia in the MIMIC-III database. Dementia patients had more postoperative pneumonia (12.68% vs 4.24%, P = 0.0075), as compared with patients without dementia. The algorithm included nine predictors: dementia, age, coronary heart disease, the American Society of Anesthesiologists score, surgical method, mechanical ventilation, anemia, hypoproteinemia, and high creatinine. Internal validation showed the algorithm with dementia could improve predictive performance, while external validation found the algorithm with or without dementia both had similar and good predictive ability. CONCLUSIONS: The algorithm has the potential to be a pragmatic risk prediction tool to calculate risk of pneumonia in clinical practice and it may also be applicable in critically ill hip fracture patients with dementia.


Dementia/complications , Health Services for the Aged , Hip Fractures/surgery , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Algorithms , Early Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Male , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
9.
Ann Plast Surg ; 88(2): 208-211, 2022 Feb 01.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023870

BACKGROUND: Work relative value units (wRVUs) are part of Resource Based Relative Value Scale system. It is expected that a more difficult and time-consuming procedure would yield higher wRVUs. Brachial plexus nerve decompression surgery is a more time-consuming procedure compared with carpal and cubital tunnel procedures. The aim of this study was to analyze physician reimbursement in upper limb decompression procedures by comparing mean operative times, wRVUs per minute, and dollars per minute. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from June 2016 to June 2019, including all patients who underwent carpal tunnel, cubital tunnel, and brachial plexus release procedures. Operating time was collected, and calculations of mean operative time, wRVUs per minute, and dollars per minute were performed and compared between groups. RESULTS: A total of 209 cases were included. Carpal tunnel accounted for 75.1% of the cases, followed by cubital tunnel and brachial plexus releases. Brachial plexus release had the highest median operative time (147 minutes), followed by cubital tunnel (57 minutes) and carpal tunnel release (16 minutes, P < 0.0001). Carpal tunnel release procedures had a significantly higher wRVUs per minute (0.310) when compared with cubital tunnel and brachial pleaxus release procedures, 0.127 and 0.077, respectively (P < 0.0001). Same was true for dollars per minute; carpal tunnel procedures yielded significantly more compensation than cubital tunnel and thoracic outlet procedures (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: More complex and time-consuming procedures yielded a lower reimbursement for physicians. The current work relative unit system does not account adequately for the time spent in each procedure.


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Cubital Tunnel Syndrome , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Cubital Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Decompression , Humans , Neurosurgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies
10.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 141(1)2022 01 11.
Article En, Nor | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026093

BACKGROUND: Patients exposed to electricity are often referred to the Emergency Department, but guidelines differ as to how they should be managed. In this article, we describe patients with low-voltage electric shock in the Emergency Department at St Olav's Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Retrospective data from patients referred to the Emergency Department following low-voltage electric shock (< 1,000 V) in the period 1.1.2012-31.12.2017 (N = 210) were included. RESULTS: The median age was 26 years and 186/210 (89 %) were men. Out of the 210 patients, 165 (79 %) had symptoms following electric shock. Localised pain and chest discomfort occurred in 84/165 (51 %) and 57/165 (35 %) of patients respectively. ECG findings were normal in 168/209 (80 %), and no patients had arrhythmias requiring treatment or elevated troponin T or creatine kinase. No patients had serious complications or died. INTERPRETATION: Low-voltage electric shock did not cause serious arrhythmias or elevated levels of troponin T or creatine kinase. It should be possible to manage asymptomatic patients with normal findings on clinical examination and ECG in a prehospital setting without reducing patient safety.


Emergency Service, Hospital , Troponin T , Adult , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy , Chest Pain , Electrocardiography , Hospitals, University , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies
11.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil ; 101(2): 164-169, 2022 02 01.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35026778

ABSTRACT: A growing number of studies have documented a wide variety of neurological manifestations associated with the novel SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). Of the available literature, cranial neuropathies and central nervous system disorders, such as encephalopathy and ischemic strokes, remain the predominant discussion. Limited investigations exist examining peripheral neuropathies of those with COVID-19. This case series discusses eight patients who tested positive for COVID-19 and presented with localized weakness after a prolonged course of mechanical ventilation (>21 days). We retrospectively reviewed all patients' charts who received electrodiagnostic evaluation between March and November 2020 in the outpatient clinic or in the acute care hospital at the JFK Medical Center/JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute and Saint Peter's University Hospital of New Jersey. A total of eight COVID-19-positive patients were identified to have a clinical presentation of localized weakness after a prolonged course of mechanical ventilation. All patients were subsequently found to have a focal peripheral neuropathy of varying severity that was confirmed by electrodiagnostic testing. Patient demographics, clinical, and electrodiagnostic findings were documented. The findings of local weakness and focal peripheral neuropathies after diagnosis of COVID-19 raise significant questions regarding underlying pathophysiology and overall prognosis associated with COVID-19.


COVID-19/complications , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/physiopathology , Electrodiagnosis/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 50, 2022 Jan 13.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35027010

BACKGROUND: Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing-Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) has risen in patients with urinary tract infections. The objective of this study was to determine explore the risk factors of ESBL-E infection in hospitalized patients and establish a predictive model. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients with an Enterobacteriaceae-positive urine sample at the first affiliated hospital of Jinan university from January 2018 to December 2019. Antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of ESBL-E were analyzed, and multivariate analysis of related factors was performed. From these, a nomogram was established to predict the possibility of ESBL-E infection. Simultaneously, susceptibility testing of a broad array of carbapenem antibiotics was performed on ESBL-E cultures to explore possible alternative treatment options. RESULTS: Of the total 874 patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs), 272 (31.1%) were ESBL-E positive. In the predictive analysis, five variables were identified as independent risk factors for ESBL-E infection: male gender (OR = 1.607, 95% CI 1.066-2.416), older age (OR = 4.100, 95% CI 1.678-12.343), a hospital stay in preceding 3 months (OR = 1.872, 95% CI 1.141-3.067), invasive urological procedure (OR = 1.810, 95% CI 1.197-2.729), and antibiotic use within the previous 3 months (OR = 1.833, 95% CI 1.055-3.188). In multivariate analysis, the data set was divided into a training set of 611 patients and a validation set of 263 patients The model developed to predict ESBL-E infection was effective, with the AuROC of 0.650 (95% CI 0.577-0.725). Among the antibiotics tested, several showed very high effectiveness against ESBL-E: amikacin (85.7%), carbapenems (83.8%), tigecycline (97.1%) and polymyxin (98.2%). CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram is useful for estimating a UTI patient's likelihood of infection with ESBL-E. It could improve clinical decision making and enable more efficient empirical treatment. Empirical treatment may be informed by the results of the antibiotic susceptibility testing.


Enterobacteriaceae Infections , Urinary Tract Infections , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Carbapenems , Enterobacteriaceae , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/drug therapy , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Urinary Tract Infections/diagnosis , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Urinary Tract Infections/epidemiology , beta-Lactamases
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(2): e28561, 2022 Jan 14.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029223

ABSTRACT: The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, has infected millions worldwide with cancer patients demonstrating a higher prevalence for severe disease and poorer outcomes. Recently, the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine was released as the primary means to combat COVID-19. The currently reported incidence of local and systemic side effects was 27% in the general public. The safety of the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine has not been studied in patients with an active cancer diagnosis who are either ongoing or plan to undergo oncologic therapy.This single center study reviewed the charts of 210 patients with active cancer diagnoses that received both doses of the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine. The development of side effects from the vaccine, hospitalizations or exacerbations from various oncologic treatment were documented. Type of oncologic treatment (immunotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal, biologic, radiation or mixed) was documented to identify if side effects were related to treatment type. The time at which the vaccine was administered in relation to treatment onset (on long term therapy, within 1 month of therapy or prior to therapy) was also documented to identify any relationships.Sixty five (31%) participants experienced side effects from the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine, however most were mild to moderate. Treatment protocol was not linked to the development of vaccine related side effects (P = .202), nor was immunotherapy (P = .942). The timing of vaccine administered in relation to treatment onset was also not related to vaccine related side effects (P = .653). Six (2.9%) participants were hospitalized and 4 (2%) died.The incidence of side effects in cancer patients is similar to what has been reported for the general public (31% vs 27%). Therefore, we believe that the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine is safe in oncologic patients undergoing numerous cancer treatments.


/administration & dosage , COVID-19 Vaccines/immunology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Neoplasms , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/immunology , Female , Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/therapy , Pandemics , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Viral , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(2): e28567, 2022 Jan 14.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029226

ABSTRACT: Gyeonggi-do (Gyeonggi province) has the second highest number of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases in the Republic of Korea after Seoul, with approximately 25% of the COVID-19 patients as of January 2021. Our center is a level I trauma center located in south Gyeonggi-do, and we aimed to evaluate whether the characteristics of trauma patients changed after the COVID-19 pandemic.We retrospectively reviewed the trauma patients registered with the Korea Trauma Database of the Center from February 2019 to January 2021. The patients were dichotomized into pre-coronavirus disease (pre-COVID) and coronavirus disease (COVID) groups, and their trauma volumes, injury characteristics, intentionality, and outcomes were compared.A total of 2628 and 2636 patients were included in the pre-COVID and COVID groups, respectively. During the COVID-19 period, motorcycle accidents, bicycle accidents, and penetrating injury cases increased, and pedestrian traffic accidents, slips, and injury by machines decreased. The average daily number of patients in the COVID group was lower in March (5.6 ±â€Š2.6/day vs 7.2 ±â€Š2.4/day, P = .014) and higher in September (9.9 ±â€Š3.2/day vs 7.7 ±â€Š2.0/day, P = .003) compared to the pre-COVID group. The COVID group also had a higher ratio of direct admissions (67.5% vs 57.2%, P < .001), proportion of suicidal patients (4.1% vs 2.7%, P = .005), and injury severity scores (14 [9-22] vs 12 [4-22], P < .001) than the pre-COVID group. The overall mortality (4.7% vs 4.9%, P = .670) and intensive care unit length of stay (2 [0-3] days vs 2 [0-4] days, P = .153) was not different between the 2 groups.Although the total number of patients did not change, the COVID-19 pandemic affected the number of monthly admissions and the injury mechanisms changed. More severely injured patients were admitted directly to the trauma center.


COVID-19 , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Trauma Centers/statistics & numerical data , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics/prevention & control , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis , Wounds and Injuries/therapy
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(1): e28043, 2022 Jan 07.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029873

ABSTRACT: The risk factors have not been well-defined for prognosis in gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (GSRC) patients. This study is designed to prognosticate survival in GSRC patients by establishing and verifying a predictive model with neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR).A total of 147 GSRC patients from Department of Surgical Oncology, Neimenggu Baogang Hospital, Inner Mongolia Medical University were retrospectively reviewed. A predictive model was established using Cox proportional hazards. The performance of the model was evaluated by ROC curves.In present study, we found that overall survival (OS) (P < .001, Fig. 1A) and tumor recurrence rate (P = .036, Fig. 1B) in the NLR ≤ 2.8 group were significantly better than those in the NLR > 2.8 group. These results showed that NLR ≤ 2.8 was significant prognostic factor related with both OS and tumor recurrence in patients with GSRC. After adjusting for competing risk factors, NLR ≤ 2.8 (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.625, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.505-5.3166, P = .003), tumor size (HR: 3.024, 95% CI: 1.521-4.186, P = .005), and tumor metastasis (HR: 3.303, 95% CI: 1.25-4.525, P = .012) remained independent predictors of tumor recurrence rate and OS. Our results showed that comparing with the model without NLR (area under ROC curve: 0.798), the model with NLR (area under ROC curve: 0.826) had significant better predictive power than the model without NLR, which further confirmed the value of NLR in predicting prognosis of patients with GSRC.In conclusion, a high NLR value independently predicts poor survival in patients with GSRC after surgery. The NLR may help oncologists evaluate outcomes of patients received surgical resection and chemotherapy in order to choose alternative therapies for patients with high NLR value.


Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell , Lymphocytes/immunology , Neutrophils/immunology , Stomach Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/surgery , Female , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Survival Analysis
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(1): e28487, 2022 Jan 07.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35029902

ABSTRACT: Studies on the thyroid disease risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) associated with comorbidities are limited. This population-based retrospective cohort study investigated the hypothyroidism risk in patients with RA and the role of comorbidities.We used Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to identify 16,714 RA patients newly diagnosed in 2000 to 2008 and 66,856 control persons without RA, frequency matched by sex, age, and index year. Incidence and the RA group to controls hazard ratio of hypothyroidism were estimated.The hypothyroidism incidence was 1.74-fold higher in the RA group than in controls (16.6 vs 9.52 per 10,000 person-years), with the Cox method estimated adjusted hazard ratio of 1.67 (95% confidence interval = 1.39-2.00) after controlling for covariates. Near 75% of the study population were women, with the incidence 3.6-time higher than men in both groups. The hypothyroidism incidence increased with age, from 12.1 per 1000 person-years in 20 to 39 years to 20.0 per 1000 person-years in 60+ years in RA patients, higher than that in controls (7.17 vs 10.0 per 1000 person-years, respectively by age). Each comorbidity was related to an increased incidence and higher in the RA group than in controls. Among all comorbidities, stroke exerted the greatest impact in the RA group with an adjusted hazard ratio of 3.85 (95% confidence interval = 1.24-12.0).RA patients have an increased risk of developing hypothyroidism; this risk was pronounced in women and the elderly. RA patients should be closely monitored to prevent the development of hypothyroidism.


Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Hypothyroidism/epidemiology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Taiwan/epidemiology
17.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0261216, 2022.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030181

BACKGROUND: The global epidemic of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) has resulted in substantial healthcare resource consumption. Since patients' hospital length of stay (LoS) is at stake in the process, an investigation of COVID-19 patients' LoS and its risk factors becomes urgent for a better understanding of regional capabilities to cope with COVID-19 outbreaks. METHODS: First, we obtained retrospective data of confirmed COVID-19 patients in Sichuan province via National Notifiable Diseases Reporting System (NNDRS) and field surveys, including their demographic, epidemiological, clinical characteristics and LoS. Then we estimated the relationship between LoS and the possibly determinant factors, including demographic characteristics of confirmed patients, individual treatment behavior, local medical resources and hospital grade. The Kaplan-Meier method and the Cox Proportional Hazards Model were applied for single factor and multi-factor survival analysis. RESULTS: From January 16, 2020 to March 4, 2020, 538 human cases of COVID-19 infection were laboratory-confirmed, and were hospitalized for treatment, including 271 (50%) patients aged ≥ 45, 285 (53%) males, and 450 patients (84%) with mild symptoms. The median LoS was 19 (interquartile range (IQR): 14-23, range: 3-41) days. Univariate analysis showed that age and clinical grade were strongly related to LoS (P<0.01). Adjusted multivariate analysis showed that the longer LoS was associated with those aged ≥ 45 (Hazard ratio (HR): 0.74, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.60-0.91), admission to provincial hospital (HR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.54-0.99), and severe illness (HR: 0.66, 95% CI: 0.48-0.90). By contrast, the shorter LoS was linked with residential areas with more than 5.5 healthcare workers per 1,000 population (HR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.05-1.65). Neither gender factor nor time interval from illness onset to diagnosis showed significant impact on LoS. CONCLUSIONS: Understanding COVID-19 patients' hospital LoS and its risk factors is critical for governments' efficient allocation of resources in respective regions. In areas with older and more vulnerable population and in want of primary medical resources, early reserving and strengthening of the construction of multi-level medical institutions are strongly suggested to cope with COVID-19 outbreaks.


COVID-19/epidemiology , Adult , Age Factors , China/epidemiology , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Analysis
18.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0261958, 2022.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030179

INTRODUCTION: Multicenter studies involving patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with the disease caused by the new coronavirus (COVID-19) and treated with renal replacement therapy (RRT) in developing countries are scarce. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the demographic profile, clinical picture, risk factors for mortality, and outcomes of critically ill patients with AKI requiring dialysis (AKI-RRT) and with COVID-19 in the megalopolis of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This multicenter, retrospective, observational study was conducted in the intensive care units of 13 public and private hospitals in the metropolitan region of the municipality of São Paulo. Patients hospitalized in an intensive care unit, aged ≥ 18 years, and treated with RRT due to COVID-19-associated AKI were included. RESULTS: The study group consisted of 375 patients (age 64.1 years, 68.8% male). Most (62.1%) had two or more comorbidities: 68.8%, arterial hypertension; 45.3%, diabetes; 36.3%, anemia; 30.9%, obesity; 18.7%, chronic kidney disease; 15.7%, coronary artery disease; 10.4%, heart failure; and 8.5%, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Death occurred in 72.5% of the study population (272 patients). Among the 103 survivors, 22.3% (23 patients) were discharged on RRT. In a multiple regression analysis, the independent factors associated with death were the number of organ dysfunctions at admission and RRT efficiency. CONCLUSION: AKI-RRT associated with COVID-19 occurred in patients with an elevated burden of comorbidities and was associated with high mortality (72.5%). The number of organ dysfunctions during hospitalization and RRT efficiency were independent factors associated with mortality. A meaningful portion of survivors was discharged while dependent on RRT (22.3%).


Acute Kidney Injury/complications , COVID-19/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Acute Kidney Injury/mortality , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Aged , Brazil/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/therapy , Critical Illness/epidemiology , Critical Illness/mortality , Critical Illness/therapy , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Replacement Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification
19.
Med Care ; 60(2): 125-132, 2022 02 01.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030561

BACKGROUND: It is not yet known whether socioeconomic factors (ie, social determinants of health) are associated with readmission following hospitalization for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 6191 adult patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in a large New York City safety-net hospital system between March 1 and June 1, 2020. Associations between 30-day readmission and selected demographic characteristics, socioeconomic factors, prior health care utilization, and relevant features of the index hospitalization were analyzed using a multivariable generalized estimating equation model. RESULTS: The readmission rate was 7.3%, with a median of 7 days between discharge and readmission. The following were risk factors for readmission: age 65 and older [adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1.32; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.13-1.55], history of homelessness, (aOR: 2.03 95% CI: 1.49-2.77), baseline coronary artery disease (aOR: 1.68; 95% CI: 1.34-2.10), congestive heart failure (aOR: 1.34; 95% CI: 1.20-1.49), cancer (aOR: 1.68; 95% CI: 1.26-2.24), chronic kidney disease (aOR: 1.74; 95% CI: 1.46-2.07). Patients' sex, race/ethnicity, insurance, and presence of obesity were not associated with increased odds of readmission. A longer length of stay (aOR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.97-1.00) and use of noninvasive supplemental oxygen (aOR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.56-0.83) was associated with lower odds of readmission. Upon readmission, 18.4% of patients required intensive care, and 13.7% expired. CONCLUSION: We have found some factors associated with increased odds of readmission among patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Awareness of these risk factors, including patients' social determinants of health, may ultimately help to reduce readmission rates.


COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Patient Readmission/statistics & numerical data , Safety-net Providers/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Male , Middle Aged , New York City/epidemiology , Odds Ratio , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , Socioeconomic Factors
20.
J Int AIDS Soc ; 25(1): e25870, 2022 01.
Article En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032096

INTRODUCTION: Older adolescents aged 15-19 years continue to have high rates of loss to follow up (LTFU), and high rates of virologic non-suppression (VNS) compared to younger adolescents and adults. Adolescent females are at risk of pregnancy, which puts those living with HIV at a dual vulnerability. Our study assessed the factors associated with VNS and LTFU in older adolescents (including pregnant females) who initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) in South Africa. METHODS: We included adolescents aged 15-19 years initiating ART between 2004 and 2019, with ≥ one viral load (VL) measurement between 4 and 24.5 months, and ≥ 6 months follow-up, from six South African cohorts of the International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS-Southern Africa (IeDEA-SA). We defined VNS as VL ≥400 copies/ml and LTFU as not being in care for ≥180 days from ART start and not known as transferred out of the clinic or dead in the first 24 months on ART. We examined factors associated with VNS and LTFU using Fine&Gray competing risk models. RESULTS: We included a total of 2733 adolescents, 415 (15.2%) males, median (IQR) age at ART start of 18.6 (17.3, 19.4) years. Among females, 585/2318 (25.2%) were pregnant. Over the 24-month follow-up, 424 (15.5%) of all adolescents experienced VNS: range (11.1% pregnant females and 20.5% males). Over half of all adolescents were LTFU before any other event could occur. The hazard of VNS reduced with increasing age and CD4 count above 200 cells/µl at ART initiation among all adolescents having adjusted for all measured patient characteristics [adjusted sub-distribution hazard ratio (aSHR) 19 vs. 15 years: 0.50 (95% CI: 0.36, 0.68), aSHR: >500 vs. ≤200 cells/µl: 0.22 (95% CI: 0.16, 0.31)]. The effect of CD4 count persisted in pregnant females. Increasing age and CD4 count >200 cells/µl were risk factors for LTFU among all adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: Older adolescents had a high risk of LTFU shortly after ART start and a low risk of VNS, especially those initiating treatment during pregnancy. Interventions addressing adherence and retention should be incorporated into adolescent-friendly services to prevent VNS and LTFU and endeavour to trace lost adolescents as soon as they are identified.


HIV Infections , Adolescent , Female , Follow-Up Studies , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , South Africa/epidemiology
...