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1.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 37: 271-277, 2024 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432817

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) can lead to numerous deficits in body functions, including balance and mobility impairment. This study examined the effect of lower back and lower extremity kinesiology tape (KT) application on static balance and physical functioning performance in people with MS (pwMS) and compared that to a non-elastic tape. METHODS: This pilot randomized study recruited and enrolled 10 participants with MS that were allocated into two groups: kinesio (n = 6) and non-elastic (n = 4) tape. Participants were assessed with and without the respective tape on static balance with eyes open and closed and various physical function tests. RESULTS: Effect sizes for the Kinesio tape intervention were found to be small, while effect sizes for the sham tape/place condition varied from small to high. For both groups, the tendency was to reduce or maintain performance on the tests comparing tape and no tape. A subsequent, mixed-factor ANOVA revealed no significant difference between KT or sham tape/placebo. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that KT applied on lower back and lower extremity muscles does not seem to improve static balance and physical function performance in pwMS.


Subject(s)
Athletic Tape , Multiple Sclerosis , Humans , Pilot Projects , Back , Lower Extremity
2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 244, 2024 Mar 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38539120

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Kinesiology Taping(KT) is commonly used as a physical therapy to prevent exercise-induced fatigue. This study aims to evaluate the immediate effects of KT on muscle strength, static balance, and proprioception after eccentric muscle fatigue on ankle. METHODS: Twenty healthy male university students were recruited. The experimental protocol was structured into four sessions, each separated by a one-week washout period to prevent carryover effects. Participants were randomly allocated to one of four intervention conditions in each session, ensuring no participant received the same intervention twice. These conditions were: no taping(NT),sham taping(ST),athletic taping(AT),and kinesiology taping(KT).Taping was applied immediately following an eccentric muscle fatigue protocol targeting the ankle, and assessments were conducted in the order of proprioception, muscle strength and static balance. Isometric muscle strength and proprioception were evaluated using the Biodex isokinetic system. Static balance was measured using the TecnoBody balance platform. RESULTS: KT had a significantly higher plantarflexion/dorsiflexion peak torque, dorsiflexion average peak torque, and plantarflexion/dorsiflexion average power at 60°/s compared with NT and ST in terms of isometric muscle strength (p < 0.05).Furthermore, the plantarflexion peak torque of KT was significantly greater than AT at 60°/s[p = 0.005,95% confidence interval(CI) = 3.39 to 18.20] and 180°/s[p = 0.006,95%CI(2.62,21.98)]. In terms of proprioception, KT showed a lower absolute error in 25° plantarflexion and 10° dorsiflexion compared to NT, ST and AT. For static balance with eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions, AT and KT had a lower total sway area than NT and ST (p < 0.05). Additionally, a significant difference in total sway length with eyes-open condition was observed between AT and KT[p < 0.001,95%CI(-431.81,-168.25)];total sway area and the center of pressure(COP) velocity in the mediolateral(ML) and anteroposterior(AP) directions with eyes-closed condition were significantly lower in AT compared to KT. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that KT is more effective than other taping conditions in improving muscle strength and proprioception after eccentric muscle fatigue on ankle. However, AT is more helpful in increasing static postural control ability after ankle muscle fatigue than KT. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered with www.chictr.org.cn (registration number: ChiCTR2300068278) on 13/2/2023.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Athletic Tape , Humans , Male , Muscle Fatigue/physiology , Cross-Over Studies , Proprioception/physiology , Postural Balance/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology
3.
Preprint in Spanish | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-8301

ABSTRACT

Background. The initial training of healthcare professionals has maintained a declared dysfunction since the Alma Ata declaration, which exposed the difficulties of conditioned reasoning due to mimetic assimilation in problem-solving. Objective. To understand the methodological characteristics of the processes used in teaching Professional Reasoning (PR) in Kinesiology students. Methodology. A qualitative interpretive study was conducted using a purposive sampling method, through Semi-Structured Interviews (SSI) with 9 expert teachers (ET) in PR, belonging to accredited universities, using recordings made on the Microsoft TEAMS® platform. These data were collected during 2020-2023 in 5 selected Chilean Kinesiology schools based on curricular evidence and ranking. Results. The emerging themes identified in the interviews with teachers were transcribed and coded using the Atlas.ti® software. It was found that the characteristics of Case Study-Analysis in different applications stood out as the predominant methodology in teaching PR, while the most recurrent assessment instrument was the Rubric. Conclusions. There is a wide range of strategies used by expert ETs to teach PR, which consist of both traditional methodologies and more student-centered active resources, with theoretical and practical aspects characterized by the formative moment, the selected model, and the imprecise taxonomic articulation of strategies and assessment instruments. This highlights the need for a greater integration of factors for the learning of PR.


Antecedentes. La formación inicial de profesionales de la salud ha mantenido una disfunción declarada en Alma Ata que expuso las dificultades del razonamiento condicionado por la asimilación mímica en la resolución de problemas. Objetivo. Conocer las características metodológicas de los procesos que son utilizados en la enseñanza del Razonamiento Profesional (RP) en estudiantes de Kinesiología. Metodología. Estudio cualitativo interpretativo realizado con un muestro razonado, mediante Entrevistas Semiestructuradas (ESE) a 9 docentes referentes (DR), expertos en RP, pertenecientes a universidades acreditadas por medio de grabaciones realizadas en plataforma Microsoft TEAMS®. Estos datos fueron recogidos durante 2020-2023 en 5 escuelas de Kinesiología chilenas seleccionadas por evidencias curriculares y ranking. Resultados. Las temáticas emergentes identificadas en las entrevistas de profesores, fueron transcritas y codificadas utilizando el Software Atlas. ti®. Constatando que las características del Estudio-Análisis de Casos en distintas aplicaciones, se destaca como la metodología predominante en la enseñanza del RP, mientras que el instrumento de evaluación que tuvo mayor recurrencia fue la Rúbrica. Conclusiones:. Existe una variada gama de estrategias utilizadas por DR expertos para enseñar RP las cuales están compuestas por metodologías tradicionales y recursos activos de mayor protagonismo para el estudiante, con vertientes teóricas y prácticas que se caracterizan por el momento formativo, el modelo seleccionado, y la imprecisa articulación taxonómica de estrategias e instrumentos de evaluación lo que advierte respecto de una necesaria mayor integralidad de factores para el aprendizaje del RP.


Enquadramento. A formação inicial dos profissionais de saúde manteve uma disfunção declarada em Alma Ata que expôs as dificuldades de raciocínio condicionadas pela assimilação da mímica na resolução de problemas. Objetivo. Conhecer as características metodológicas dos processos que são utilizados no ensino de Raciocínio Profissional (RP) em alunos de Cinesiologia. Metodologia. Estudo qualitativo interpretativo realizado com uma amostra fundamentada, através de Entrevistas Semiestruturadas (ESE) a 9 professores de referência (DR), especialistas em RP, pertencentes a universidades acreditadas através de gravações efetuadas na plataforma Microsoft TEAMS®. Esses dados foram coletados durante 2020-2023 em 5 escolas chilenas de Cinesiologia selecionadas por evidência curricular e classificação. Resultados. Os temas emergentes identificados nas entrevistas com os professores foram transcritos e codificados com o software Atlas. você®. Observando que pelas características do EstudoAnálise de Casos em diferentes aplicações, destaca-se como a metodologia predominante no ensino de RP, enquanto o instrumento de avaliação que teve maior recorrência foi a Rubrica. Conclusões. Existe uma ampla gama de estratégias utilizadas por especialistas em DR para ensinar RP, que são compostas por metodologias tradicionais e recursos ativos de maior destaque para o aluno, com aspectos teóricos e práticos que se caracterizam pelo momento formativo, o modelo selecionado, e a articulação taxonômica imprecisa de estratégias e instrumentos de avaliação, que alertam para uma maior abrangência necessária de fatores para a aprendizagem de PR.

4.
J Funct Morphol Kinesiol ; 9(1)2024 Jan 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38249090

ABSTRACT

In the evolving landscape of human movement, the Journal of Functional Movement and Kinesiology (JFMK) serves as a valuable chronicle, providing a lens through which to explore our present and the perspectives for the future of human movement analysis [...].

5.
Disabil Rehabil ; : 1-7, 2024 Jan 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38243921

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE.: Plantar fasciitis is the most frequent cause of heel pain. Custom-made plantar supports are a common treatment solution, while the application of kinesiology tape (KT) can be an effective measure to alleviate pain. The objective was to evaluate the effects of KT on the pain of patients with plantar fasciitis. METHODS.: Randomized controlled trial including participants with plantar fasciitis. There was an experimental group (n = 17), whose participants underwent a KT treatment, and a control (sham tape) group (n = 17). The pain, measured with a visual analog scale (VAS), was the primary outcome and was assessed daily until the fifth day of wearing the tape and 24 h after removing it. Inferential statistics looked for time, group, and time per group differences with CI at 95%. RESULTS.: The greatest between-group VAS difference was 3.5 points, and occurred at the 2-day follow-up assessment. Then, pain differences decreased over time until the last assessment point. Statistically significant time, group, and time*group differences were found with p < 0.001. CONCLUSION.: This study supports that KT is effective in reducing pain in the short term in patients with plantar fasciitis, and more effective than a sham intervention with tape.


Kinesiology tape (KT) reduces pain in patients with plantar fasciitis.Pain is reduced from the first day and the tape can be worn up to five days.KT is an effective solution prior to the application of orthopaedic treatment.

6.
Sportis (A Coruña) ; 10(1): 14-31, 2024. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-229133

ABSTRACT

Virtual education has evolved significantly, driven by the integration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) resources, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Health Sciences, with their practical components, present unique challenges in virtual education, including maintaining student engagement. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the flipped learning methodology with and without in-class content reinforcement in a virtual classroom for previously assimilated materials within Health Sciences. The study involved students in a Kinesiology program using the Blackboard Learn platform. Two groups were established: one completing a questionnaire at the beginning of the virtual class (FLI group) and the other at the end following a content reinforcement session (FLI+TRA group). While no statistically significant score differences were found between the two groups, the FLI+TRA group showed higher pass rates and improved average scores, indicating practical benefits. These results suggest that combining flipped learning with traditional in-class instruction can enhance content assimilation in virtual education, fostering increased student engagement and participation. However, further research is needed to explore the full implications and adaptability of this approach. In conclusion, this study highlights the potential of the FLI+TRA approach to improve learning outcomes in complex subjects like Epistemology and Research Methodology within Health Sciences. As virtual education continues to evolve, educators should consider this hybrid teaching model as a valuable tool to provide a more holistic and effective learning experience (AU)


La educación virtual ha evolucionado significativamente, impulsada por la integración de recursos de Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación (TIC), especialmente durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Las Ciencias de la Salud, con sus componentes prácticos, presentan desafíos únicos en la educación virtual, incluida la retención del interés de los estudiantes. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar la efectividad de la metodología de aprendizaje invertido (flipped learning) con y sin refuerzo de contenido en clase en un aula virtual para materiales previamente asimilados en Ciencias de la Salud. El estudio involucró a estudiantes de un programa de Kinesiología utilizando la plataforma Blackboard Learn. Se establecieron dos grupos: uno completando un cuestionario al comienzo de la clase virtual (grupo FLI) y otro al final después de una sesión de refuerzo de contenido en clase (grupo FLI+TRA). Aunque no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las puntuaciones entre los dos grupos, el grupo FLI+TRA mostró tasas de aprobación más altas y puntajes promedio mejorados, lo que indica beneficios prácticos. Estos resultados sugieren que la combinación de aprendizaje invertido con instrucción tradicional en clase puede mejorar la asimilación de contenido en la educación virtual, fomentando un mayor compromiso y participación de los estudiantes. Sin embargo, se necesita más investigación para explorar las implicaciones y la adaptabilidad completas de este enfoque. En conclusión, este estudio resalta el potencial del enfoque FLI+TRA para mejorar los resultados de aprendizaje en materias complejas como Epistemología y Metodología de Investigación en Ciencias de la Salud. A medida que la educación virtual continúa evolucionando, los educadores deben considerar este modelo de enseñanza híbrido como una herramienta valiosa para proporcionar una experiencia de aprendizaje más holística y efectiva (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Reversal Learning , Health Sciences/education , Kinesiology, Applied/education , Virtual Reality , Education, Distance/methods
7.
Percept Mot Skills ; 131(2): 446-468, 2024 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38134448

ABSTRACT

Data on the mechanism of kinesiology taping (KT) for providing mechanical support, facilitating or inhibiting muscles, and increasing functionality in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA) have been contradictory, with no study evaluating acute muscle activation. Our aim in this study was to determine the acute effect of KT applied to the rectus femoris muscle on this muscle's activation, functionality and proprioception in patients with knee osteoarthritis. We divided 40 individuals diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis into two groups: (a) KT group (taping with tension facilitation) and (b) a placebo group (taping with no tension facilitation). We applied taping to the participants' left and right side rectus femoris muscles for 30 minutes, but with muscle facilitation in the KT group and without tension in the placebo group. We assessed participants for muscle activation with surface electromyography (sEMG), for functionality with the Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), and for proprioception/joint sense with the Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test (5TSTS) before and after taping. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the groups before these interventions were similar (p > .05). Muscle activation did not change significantly in either group compared to before taping (p > .05), but there were improvements in both knees for proprioception/joint sense (p < .05). Both groups were similar in terms of functionality (5TSTS, TUG) results (p > .05). We concluded that KT applied bilaterally to the rectus femoris did not affect rectus femoris muscle activation and functionality in patients with knee OA, but it did improve proprioception.


Subject(s)
Osteoarthritis, Knee , Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Postural Balance , Time and Motion Studies , Quadriceps Muscle , Proprioception/physiology
8.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 37: e37107, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534459

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The study of the diaphragm muscle has aroused the interest of physiotherapists who work with kinesiological ultrasonography, but still little explored; however, its findings can contribute to the clinical practice of hospitalized patients in neonatal intensive care units. Objective To measure the excursion and thickening of the diaphragm and describe measurements among neonates, preterm, and full-term. Methods Diaphragmatic kinesiological ultrasonography was performed on hospitalized newborns, in Neonatal Unit Care Unit, placed in supine position in their own bed, on the sixth day of life. Three repeated measurements of the same respiratory cycle were made, both for excursion and for diaphragmatic thickening. Results 37 newborns participated in the study and 25 were premature. The mean weight at the time of collection was 2,307.0 ± 672.76 grams and the gestational age was 35.7 ± 3.3 weeks. Diaphragmatic excursion increased with increasing gestational age (p = 0.01, df = 0.21) in term infants (p = 0.17, df = 0.35). Conclusion There was a positive correlation between diaphragmatic excursion and gestational age. There was no statistically significant difference in the measurements of excursion and inspiratory diaphragm thickening between preterm and term newborns, although pointing to higher measurements in the latter group.


Resumo Introdução O estudo do músculo diafragma tem des-pertado o interesse dos fisioterapeutas que trabalham com ultrassonografia cinesiológica. Ainda pouco explo-rado, contudo, seus achados podem contribuir para a prática clínica dos pacientes internados em unidades de terapia intensiva neonatal (UTIN). Objetivo Mensurar a excursão e o espessamento diafragmático e descrever as medidas entre recém-nascidos prematuros e a termo. Métodos Realizou-se ultrassonografia cinesiológica diafragmática em recém-nascidos internados em UTIN, posicionados em supino em seu próprio leito, no sexto dia de vida. Foram realizadas três medidas repetidas do mesmo ciclo respiratório, tanto da excursão quanto do espessamento diafragmático. Resultados Participaram do estudo 37 recém-nascidos, dos quais 25 eram pre-maturos. O peso no momento da coleta foi de 2.307,0 ± 672,76 gramas e a idade gestacional foi de 35,7 ± 3,3 semanas. A excursão diafragmática aumentou de acordo com o aumento da idade gestacional (p = 0,01; df = 0,21). A espessura variou entre 0,10 e 0,16 cm durante a inspiração nos prematuros e entre 0,11 e 0,19 cm nos nascidos a termo (p = 0,17; df = 0,35). Conclusão Houve correlação positiva entre a excursão diafragmá-tica e a idade gestacional. Não observou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa das medidas de excursão e de espessamento diafragmático inspiratório entre recém-nascidos prematuros e recém-nascidos a termo, embora apontando para maiores medidas neste último grupo.

9.
Medwave ; 23(11): e2713, 2023 Dec 07.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38079562

ABSTRACT

Pain is a major public health concern associated with emotional disorders and physical disability and generates increased sick leave and healthcare expenditures. However, despite its social impact and the high pain-related costs, the training of healthcare professionals, such as physical therapists, in pain management is insufficient, leading to an inadequate therapeutic approach. This study aimed to determine the existence of a specific program on pain within the curricula of physical therapy careers in accredited universities in Chile. Out of 40 physical therapy careers, we analyzed 38 curricula. None of them had a specific discipline on pain management in their curricula. Although there is no concrete definition of the best modality for pain education in undergraduate students, it has been shown that following the International Association for The Study of Pain curricula improves students' knowledge and awareness of pain management.


El dolor es un importante problema de salud pública, asociado con trastornos emocionales y discapacidad física, generando un aumento en licencias laborales y gastos en el sistema de salud. Sin embargo, a pesar del impacto social y los altos costos relacionados con el dolor, hay una capacitación insuficiente en la formación de los profesionales de la salud, como kinesiólogos y fisioterapeutas sobre el manejo del dolor, lo que lleva a un abordaje terapéutico inadecuado. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la existencia de un programa específico en dolor dentro de las mallas curriculares de las carreras de kinesiología en universidades acreditadas en Chile. De 40 carreras de kinesiología, analizamos 38 mallas curriculares. Ninguna de ellas presentaba una disciplina específica sobre dolor en su plan de estudios. Si bien no hay una definición concreta sobre la mejor modalidad para la educación en dolor en alumnos de pregrado, se ha demostrado que seguir los planes de estudios de la impacta significativamente en el conocimiento y las creencias del dolor de los estudiantes.


Subject(s)
Curriculum , Pain , Humans , Chile , Pain/etiology , Educational Status , Physical Therapy Modalities
10.
Cureus ; 15(11): e49153, 2023 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38130572

ABSTRACT

Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most common disorders in pediatric patients. The prevalence of CP is 2-3 in 1,000 live births, but various changes in some trends are seen in different groups. This article is a systematic review of multiple sources available for interventions and new adaptive techniques used for treating patients for their better lifestyles. With recent advancements, it is possible to diagnose a child who is below six months to two years. For achieving goals, proper interventions and techniques are necessary in the early stages of the disease. This article summarizes the rehabilitation and interventions available for treating these children with the best procedures.

11.
Medwave ; 23(11)31-12-2023.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524726

ABSTRACT

El dolor es un importante problema de salud pública, asociado con trastornos emocionales y discapacidad física, generando un aumento en licencias laborales y gastos en el sistema de salud. Sin embargo, a pesar del impacto social y los altos costos relacionados con el dolor, hay una capacitación insuficiente en la formación de los profesionales de la salud, como kinesiólogos y fisioterapeutas sobre el manejo del dolor, lo que lleva a un abordaje terapéutico inadecuado. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la existencia de un programa específico en dolor dentro de las mallas curriculares de las carreras de kinesiología en universidades acreditadas en Chile. De 40 carreras de kinesiología, analizamos 38 mallas curriculares. Ninguna de ellas presentaba una disciplina específica sobre dolor en su plan de estudios. Si bien no hay una definición concreta sobre la mejor modalidad para la educación en dolor en alumnos de pregrado, se ha demostrado que seguir los planes de estudios de la impacta significativamente en el conocimiento y las creencias del dolor de los estudiantes.


Pain is a major public health concern associated with emotional disorders and physical disability and generates increased sick leave and healthcare expenditures. However, despite its social impact and the high pain-related costs, the training of healthcare professionals, such as physical therapists, in pain management is insufficient, leading to an inadequate therapeutic approach. This study aimed to determine the existence of a specific program on pain within the curricula of physical therapy careers in accredited universities in Chile. Out of 40 physical therapy careers, we analyzed 38 curricula. None of them had a specific discipline on pain management in their curricula. Although there is no concrete definition of the best modality for pain education in undergraduate students, it has been shown that following the International Association for The Study of Pain curricula improves students' knowledge and awareness of pain management.

12.
Med Sci Monit ; 29: e941043, 2023 Nov 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37915140

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Biomechanical dynamic tape supports muscles, joints, and ligaments and is used in ankle and foot injuries. Kinesiology tape (KT), also known as elastic tape, is widely used in sports medicine. Plantar fasciitis, due to inflammation of the plantar fascia, is a common cause of heel pain. This study aimed to compare the effects of dynamic taping and KT on pain, function, and balance in 3 groups of patients with plantar fasciitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-nine patients with plantar fasciitis were randomly assigned to the dynamic taping with physical therapy (PT) group, the KT with PT group, and the control group (23 each). All groups received conservative physical therapy. Dynamic taping and KT were performed twice a week for 4 weeks, and the taping was removed after 12 h of application. Patients' pain, foot function, and balance were assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS), foot function index (FFI), and Y-balance test (YBT), respectively, before and immediately after the intervention. RESULTS In the FFI and YBT, the treatment provided to the dynamic taping with PT group with PT showed a greater effect than in the KT with PT group with PT (P<0.05), and the control group showed the lowest effect. Dynamic taping and KT with PT did not show significant differences in VAS and foot pressure, but both were more effective than the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS The results of this study suggest that dynamic taping with PT is the most effective method for FFI and YBT in patients with plantar fasciitis, and that dynamic taping and KT with PT are effective methods for treating pain and foot pressure.


Subject(s)
Fasciitis, Plantar , Humans , Fasciitis, Plantar/therapy , Pain/rehabilitation , Lower Extremity , Pain Management , Ankle
13.
Med Acupunct ; 35(5): 262-265, 2023 Oct 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37900870

ABSTRACT

Background: Musculoskeletal injuries can be debilitatingly painful, with long recovery times and activity-limiting prognoses. While numerous studies and case reports illustrating the benefits of acupuncture in treating various musculoskeletal conditions are available, more studies specific to acute injury are needed. Case: A 45-year-old male presents ∼48 hours post a severe injury to his R hamstring while walking in his neighborhood. He has a history of musculoskeletal disorders, which may be due to an undiagnosed hypothyroid condition. A combination of acupuncture, myofascial release techniques, and kinesiology taping (KT) was administered in 7 treatments over 28 days postinjury. Results: This patient was back to normal functionality, strength, and ROM within 4 weeks of this injury, more than 5 weeks ahead of his orthopedic physician's estimated recovery time. At 28 days postinjury, after 7 treatments, visual analog scale had decreased from 9/10 to 0/10, Tenderness To Palpation Scale decreased from grade IV to I, and Lower Extremity Functional Scale increased from 0/80 to 74/80. Conclusion: Using a combination of acupuncture, myofascial release techniques, and KT may greatly reduce the healing and recovery time in patients with acute musculoskeletal injuries.

14.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 69(10): e20230383, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37820176

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the efficacy of kinesiology taping application in premature infants with dysphagia. METHODS: A total of 60 premature newborns (born ≤37weeks' gestational age who reached the age ≥34 weeks of postmenstrual age) with sucking and swallowing problems were randomly assigned to the kinesiology taping group [n=31; 18 males, 13 females; mean postmenstrual age 35.4 weeks (SD 0.9 weeks, range 34-38 weeks)] or control group without kinesiology taping application [n=29; 16 males, 13 females; mean postmenstrual age age 35.6 weeks (SD 1.4 weeks, range 34-40 weeks)]. RESULTS: Kinesiology taping group yielded significant improvement in the oral reflexes (p<0.001) and in the sucking functions including tongue movement, sucking power, number of sucks and sucking pause, maintenance of alertness, jaw movement, tongue cupping, and maintenance of rhythm (p<0.001, p=0.011, p=0.002, and p=0.001, respectively). There was a significant difference in favor of the taping group with respect to the number of neonates whose feeding improved (26 (84%) vs. 7 (24%), p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that kinesiology taping can be applied as a safe and effective method to improve feeding functions in premature infants with sucking and swallowing difficulties.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Male , Infant , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Deglutition Disorders/therapy , Deglutition , Pilot Projects , Infant, Premature , Gestational Age
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(37): e35166, 2023 Sep 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37713858

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recently, swallowing resistive exercise using kinesiology taping (KT) has been reported as a novel method for dysphagia rehabilitation However, clinical evidence is still unclear, and effects in the elderly have not been confirmed. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of suprahyoid muscle strengthening exercise using KT on muscle activation and thickness in community-dwelling elderly. METHODS: A total of 24 healthy older people were enrolled in this study and randomly assigned to an experimental group and a placebo group. In the experimental group, KT was attached to the front of the neck with a tension of about 70% to 80%, and a resistive swallowing exercise was performed. In the placebo group, the tape was applied similarly but without tension. Both groups performed resistive swallowing exercises 10 times a day (50 swallows per day) for 6 weeks. The activation and thickness of the suprahyoid muscles were measured using portable ultrasound equipment and an surface electromyelograph device. RESULTS: The experimental group showed a significant increase in suprahyoid muscle activation (mean and peak) and muscle thickness (digastric and mylohyoid) than the placebo group (all, P < .05). CONCLUSION: This study confirmed that suprahyoid muscle strengthening exercise using KT had a positive effect on the suprahyoid muscles in healthy older adults, thus suggesting the possibility of a therapeutic exercise method for dysphagia rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Aged , Humans , Independent Living , Neck Muscles , Exercise , Exercise Therapy
16.
J Funct Morphol Kinesiol ; 8(3)2023 Aug 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37606406

ABSTRACT

The inaugural edition of the Special Issue titled "Efficiency in Kinesiology: Innovative approaches in enhancing motor skills for Athletic Performance" has been effectively concluded [...].

17.
Phys Ther Sport ; 62: 65-70, 2023 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37399706

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the acute effect of the four-strip kinesiology taping (KT) technique on dynamic balance control in the Y Balance Test (YBT), and to explore the relationship between the YBT and Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) scores in individuals with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI). METHODS: 16 CAI and 16 non-CAI participants were involved. Two groups completed the YBT in the no-tape barefoot and the KT condition at random. The CAIT was completed on the first day. Bonferroni test was used to analyze YBT scores in three directions for post hoc analysis. Spearman's correlation was used to analyze the relationship between YBT scores in the no-tape barefoot condition and CAIT scores. RESULTS: This KT application significantly improved YBT performance. The YBT scores in the anterior direction (YBT-A), posteromedial direction (YBT-PM), and posterolateral direction (YBT-PL) for the CAI group were significantly improved after taping. However, in the non-CAI group, only YBT-PM score was significantly improved after taping. Three YBT scores were all moderately correlated with the CAIT score. CONCLUSION: This KT technique can immediately improve dynamic balance in CAI patients. Dynamic balance performance was moderately related to the degree of self-perceived instability in individuals with and without CAI.


Subject(s)
Ankle Injuries , Athletic Tape , Joint Instability , Humans , Ankle , Ankle Injuries/therapy , Ankle Joint , Joint Instability/therapy , Postural Balance
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(28): e34343, 2023 Jul 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37443471

ABSTRACT

An ankle foot orthosis (AFO) is a standard type of orthosis applied to immediately treat foot drop symptoms. Kinesiology taping (KT) is a therapeutic method used in patients with neurological diseases, such as stroke, as well as in patients after orthopedic and sports injuries. This study aimed to compare outcomes of AFO treatment with those of KT to investigate the effect on gait ability in patients with foot drop after stroke. We recruited 18 patients exhibiting foot drop from stroke. Gait ability was assessed under 2 conditions: treatment with KT and that with AFO using the GAITRite system according to the following parameters: cadence, velocity, swing time, stance time, step length, and stride length. As a result, gait ability after treatment with KT and that after treatment with AFO showed no significant differences in cadence (P = .851), velocity (P = .865), swing time (P = .289 and .123), stance time (P = .255 and .711), step length (P = .955 and .975), and stride length (P = .711 and .690) of the affected and less-affected limbs. This study demonstrated that KT and AFO use have similar effects on gait function in patients with foot drop after stroke. Thus, treatment of foot drop with KT may be an alternative in patients for whom AFO use is contraindicated.


Subject(s)
Foot Orthoses , Gait Disorders, Neurologic , Peroneal Neuropathies , Stroke Rehabilitation , Stroke , Humans , Ankle , Stroke/complications , Stroke/therapy , Gait , Paresis , Biomechanical Phenomena , Gait Disorders, Neurologic/etiology , Gait Disorders, Neurologic/therapy
19.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 47(4): 684-693, 2023 Dec 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37498550

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic required an emergency shift to remote teaching. Despite their limited previous experience with online or hybrid teaching, our cohort of kinesiology faculty (n = 112) had high confidence in their ability to deliver quality educational experiences for their students during the pandemic. With support from their institutions, technology departments, and teaching and learning centers, faculty developed new skills and organizational strategies. To achieve this, 81% of faculty reported needing extra course preparation time to deliver high-quality remote teaching, with 51% needing up to 5 extra hours per week per course. There is a fraction of faculty from this study excited about the prospect of teaching online in the future. These newfound online teaching skills should be leveraged to modernize course offerings in kinesiology departments, supporting student recruitment, retention, and success.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The COVID-19 pandemic caused temporary and permanent changes to higher education, specifically kinesiology programs. This article highlights the resiliency of faculty in kinesiology programs, how they adapted, where they felt supported, and what they hope to bring with them into their future pedagogy practices.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pandemics , Humans , Faculty , Students , Educational Status
20.
iScience ; 26(7): 107026, 2023 Jul 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37416471

ABSTRACT

The positive impact of mind-body movement therapy on mental health has been confirmed, but the current effect of various mind-body movement-specific therapies on improving the negative psychology of college students is controversial. This study compared the effects of six mind-body exercise (MBE) therapies on improving negative psychological symptoms in college students. The study found that Tai Chi (standardized mean difference [SMD] = -0.87, 95% confidence interval [CI] (-1.59, -0.15), p < 0.05), yoga (SMD = -0.95, 95% CI (-1.74, -0.15), p < 0.05), Yi Jin Jing (SMD = -1.15, 95% CI (-2.36, -0.05), p=<0.05), Five Animal Play (SMD = -1.1, 95% CI (-2.09, -0.02), p < 0.05), and Qigong Meditation (SMD = -1.31, 95% CI (-2.2, -0.4), p < 0.05) improved depressive symptoms in college students (p < 0.05). Tai Chi (SMD = -7.18, 95% CI (-13.18, -1.17), p = 0.019), yoga (SMD = -6.8, 95% CI (-11.79, -1.81), p = 0.008), and Yi Jin Jing (SMD = -9.21, 95% CI (-17.55, -0.87), p = 0.03) improved college students' anxiety symptoms. It shows that the six MBE therapies are effective in improving anxiety and depression in college students.

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