Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 7.252
Filter
1.
Aust Crit Care ; 2022 Apr 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513998

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Person-centred nonpharmacological strategies should be used whenever possible to reduce agitation in the intensive care unit due to issues related to an overreliance on physical restraints and psychoactive drugs. However, the effect of nonpharmacological interventions to reduce agitation is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to systematically review studies that evaluate the effectiveness of nonpharmacological interventions designed to prevent and minimise or manage patient agitation in the adult intensive care unit. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted following the Joanna Briggs Institute's Systematic Review of Effectiveness method and a priori PROSPERO protocol. Quantitative studies were identified from seven databases, including MEDLINE, EmCare, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Cochrane Library. In addition, grey literature from several repositories and trial registers was searched. The primary outcome of interest was the effect on prevention, minimisation, and management of agitation. The quality of the evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE). RESULTS: Eleven studies were included (n = 882). Meta-analyses of two studies demonstrated significantly lower levels of agitation (measured with the Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale) in the group receiving a multicomponent nonpharmacological intervention than in those receiving usual care. Individual studies showed a significant effect of nature-based sounds, music, foot reflexology, healing touch, and aromatherapy. The type of the endotracheal suction system did not affect levels of agitation. Overall, the certainty of the findings was rated very low. Harms and adverse effects were not reported in any studies. CONCLUSIONS: Nonpharmacological interventions have the potential to reduce levels of agitation in the intensive care unit. However, inconsistencies in reporting, low quality of methodological designs, and small sample sizes impact the certainty of the results. Future trials must include larger sample sizes, use rigorous methods to improve knowledge in this field, and consider a range of other outcomes.

2.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 30: 105-111, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500957

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) is one of the tools that can assess autonomic activities during exercise or recovery. Massage is an often-used recovery method with varying recovery outcome. This study was to investigate the effect of lower limb massage on recovery HRV following repeated knee flexion and extension exercise-to-exhaustion. METHODS: Nine healthy men aged between 20 and 30 years old were recruited and randomly assigned to a control group (n = 5) and massage group (n = 4). The HRV spectral analysis was performed at baseline, pre-exercise, post-exercise and immediately post-intervention. For intervention, the participants in the massage group received a 10-min massage on the quadriceps and hamstring muscles of the dominant leg whereas the control group received none. The HRV was presented as low-frequency (LF) peak (Hz), power (ms2), power (normalised unit; n.u.) and high-frequency (HF), peak (Hz), power (ms2), power (n.u.) as well as LF/HF ratio. RESULTS: Spectral power analysis showed there were no significant differences in the LF indices and LF/HF ratio with massage. HRV normalisation data revealed a within-subject difference with massage. CONCLUSIONS: Massage caused an immediate parasympathetic activation during recovery from a single exhaustive muscle contraction exercise. Hence, massage may be used to potentiate recovery.


Subject(s)
Autonomic Nervous System , Exercise , Adult , Autonomic Nervous System/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology , Humans , Male , Massage , Muscle Contraction , Young Adult
3.
Reprod Sci ; 2022 May 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35556238

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to identify the effects of connective tissue manipulation (CTM) in primary dysmenorrhea (PD) in a randomized, placebo-controlled design. Thirty-eight nulliparous women with PD were randomly allocated into 3 groups: CTM (n = 13), placebo therapeutic ultrasound (US) (n = 13), and control (n = 12). The primary outcome measure was the maximum and mean menstrual pain intensity at the last menstrual period on the visual analogue scale (VAS). Secondary outcome measures were menstrual symptom frequency and distress score, the number of analgesic/anti-inflammatory drugs used during the last menstrual period, and perception of improvement in dysmenorrhea severity via interventions. The chi-square test and analysis of variance were used to determine within-group and between-group differences. Statistical significance level was determined as p < 0.05. Compared with the placebo US and control groups, it was observed that menstrual pain (VAS mean and VAS maximum), menstrual symptom frequency, and distress level decreased more after treatment (T2) and the 3-month follow-up (T3) in de CTM group (p < 0.001, p = 0.001, p = 0.014, p = 0.015, respectively). There was no difference between the groups in terms of analgesic/anti-inflammatory drugs use (p > 0.05). The rate of individuals reporting perceived improvement at the end of intervention period was higher in the CTM group than in the placebo-US and control groups (p < 0.001). In the 3rd month follow-up, there was no difference between groups in the perception of improvement (p > 0.05). CTM is superior to placebo intervention and control in improving menstrual pain and other menstrual symptoms in PD in the short-term. On the other hand, when the application is terminated, this superiority seems to disappear during the follow-up period.

4.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 36(3): E1-E11, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435878

ABSTRACT

This randomized controlled study aimed to investigate the effects of classical massage (CM) and Benson relaxation exercise (BRE) on symptom status and quality of life (QoL) in patients with heart failure (HF). Seventy-two patients with HF were recruited from 4 hospitals in Ankara, Turkey. The study sample was allocated to a CM (n = 24), BRE (n = 26), or control group (n = 22) based on the New York Heart Association classification of HF (stages III and IV) through stratified randomization. The intervention groups received either CM or BRE twice daily for 7 days (total of 14 sessions). The control group received only routine care. The scores of symptom status decreased in the CM and BRE groups at the end of the intervention (first week) as compared with the control group (P < .05). Nevertheless, at the end of the monitoring period, no significant differences were detected between the 3 study groups at baseline (P = .474), week 1 (P = .936), and week 3 (P = .668) in terms of QoL scores. The CM and BRE showed beneficial effects in the management of HF symptoms in advanced stage HF patients who were hospitalized and received intensive treatment.


Subject(s)
Heart Failure , Quality of Life , Exercise Therapy , Heart Failure/therapy , Hospitalization , Humans , Massage
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(13): e28963, 2022 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421061

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) has become a major problem that endangers the life and health of newborns. It is the most serious complication after neonatal asphyxia with a high mortality rate. Even survivors of HIE would suffer permanent neurological developmental impairment that seriously affects the growth and development in the future. Previous studies have shown that massage therapy can improve the prognosis of neonatal HIE. However, the efficacy of massage therapy on the growth, development, and sleep in neonates with HIE reported by various studies is inconsistent, which will be thoroughly assessed in this meta-analysis. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials of massage therapy on the growth, development, and sleep neonates with HIE published before February 2022 will be retrieved from the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, and Clinical Trial Register. Literature selection, data extraction, risk of bias assessment, and meta-analyses will be independently completed by 2 researchers. Meta-analysis will be performed by using RevMan5.4. RESULTS: The results of this meta-analysis will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. CONCLUSION: This systematic review provides a high-quality synthesis to assess the effect of massage therapy on growth, development, and sleep in neonates with HIE. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/G9WXN.


Subject(s)
Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Humans , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy , Infant, Newborn , Massage , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Mind-Body Therapies , Research Design , Systematic Reviews as Topic
6.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 47(4): 349-53, 2022 Apr 25.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486015

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of thunder-fire moxibustion combined with meibomian gland massage in improving meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and explore its mechanism. METHODS: Seventy-two MGD patients with 144 eyes in the Jinhua Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from February 2019 to January 2021 were selected and randomly divided into an experimental group (n=36,72 eyes) and a control group (n=36, 72 eyes). Patients in the control group received 0.1% fluo-rometholone eye drops and 0.1% sodium hyaluronate eye drops, 1-2 drops per time, four times per day, and the meibomian glands were massaged once per day. Patients in the experimental group received additional thunder-fire moxibustion on the basis of the treatment of the control group, 10 cones per time, once per day. One month after treatment, meibomian gland function was assessed, and the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and prostaglandin E2(PGE2) in tears were detected. RESULTS: After treatment, the scores of Ocular Surface Disease Index, meibomian hyperemia, meibomian gland opening, meibomian gland loss, and meibomian gland secretion function were lower than those before treatment in the two groups, and the scores of the experimental group were lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the tear break-up time and tear meniscus height were higher than those before treatment in the two groups, which were higher in the experimental group than those in the control group (P<0.05). The post-treatment levels of IL-6 and PGE2 were lower than those before treatment in the two groups, and the levels in the experimental group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Thunder-fire moxibustion combined with meibomian gland massage can significantly improve the function of the meibomian glands and lower the levels of IL-6 and PGE2 in tears.


Subject(s)
Meibomian Glands , Moxibustion , Dinoprostone , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Massage , Ophthalmic Solutions , Prospective Studies
7.
J Integr Complement Med ; 28(4): 355-362, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35426735

ABSTRACT

Background: Objectives of soft tissue mobilization applied to cesarean section (C-section) scars are to decrease stiffness and to reduce pain. Research investigating these effects is lacking. Materials and methods: The authors conducted a descriptive, exploratory, proof-of-concept clinical study. Women aged 18 to 40 years who had undergone at least one C-section were recruited. A trained osteopath performed standardized mobilization of the C-section scar once a week for 2 weeks. Scar quality and pain characteristics, viscoelastic properties, pressure pain thresholds, and tactile pressure thresholds were measured before and after each session. Paired Student's t-tests and Friedman's test with Dunn-Bonferroni adjustment were performed to assess the immediate and short-term effects of mobilizations. Kendall's W and Cohen's d were calculated to determine effect sizes over the short term. Simple bootstrapped bias-corrected and accelerated 95% median confidence intervals were computed. Results: Thirty-two participants completed the study. The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale questionnaire revealed differences with small and moderate effects for stiffness (p = 0.021, d = 0.43), relief (p < 0.001, d = 0.28), surface area (p = 0.040, d = 0.36), flexibility (p = 0.007, d = 0.52), and participant opinion (p = 0.001, d = 0.62). Mobilizations increased elasticity (p < 0.001, W = 0.11), decreased stiffness (p < 0.001, W = 0.30), and improved pressure pain thresholds (p < 0.001, W = 0.10) of the C-section, with small to moderate effects. The results also showed decreased tone and mechanical stress relaxation time, as well as increased tactile pressure thresholds at the different measurement times (p < 0.05), but trivial effect sizes (W < 0.10). Creep showed trivial effect and no significant difference (p = 0.09). Conclusion: This study showed that two sessions of mobilization of C-section scar might have a beneficial effect on some viscoelastic properties of the C-section as well as on pain. Some variables of interest useful for future empirical studies are highlighted. ClinicalTrial. Gov NCT04320355.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Cicatrix , Adolescent , Adult , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Cicatrix/etiology , Female , Humans , Massage , Pain , Pain Threshold , Pregnancy , Young Adult
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(10): e29032, 2022 Mar 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451409

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The incidence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is increasing year by year. If patients cannot receive timely and effective treatment, DPN may lead to diabetic foot ulcers or even amputation. This risk factor has been widely concerned around the world. Massage, as a non-invasive physical therapy method, is gradually being applied in the adjuvant treatment of DPN. However, there is no systematic review of the adjuvant treatment of DPN by massage. Our study will explore the effectiveness and safety of massage applied in DPN. METHODS: Eight electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, Sinomed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang Data, Chongqing VIP Information) will be searched by our computer on February 9, 2022. A randomized controlled trial (RCT) of adjuvant massage therapy for DPN was screened. Primary outcome measures: efficiency, nerve conduction velocity. Secondary outcome measures: pain, blood glucose, and incidence of adverse reactions. The quality of the study was evaluated by two researchers using the RCT bias risk assessment tool in the Cochrane review manual Handbook5.4, and meta-analysis was performed by RevMan5.4 software. RESULTS: RCTs will be used to evaluate the clinical efficacy of massage adjuvant therapy in DPN. CONCLUSION: This study will provide evidence-based evidence for the safety and effectiveness of massage adjuvant therapy in DPN. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202220025.


Subject(s)
Diabetic Neuropathies , Massage , Diabetic Neuropathies/therapy , Humans , Massage/adverse effects , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome
9.
Phys Ther ; 102(3)2022 03 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare (1) the effects of the instrument-assisted perineal stretching technique with different application protocols in combination with perineal massage and (2) the effects of the isolated techniques on the extensibility and strength of the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs). METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial with parallel randomization, assessor blinding, and concealed allocation was conducted in the Campus Physical Education at the Federal University of Uberlândia in Brazil. Ninety-six pregnant women (18-40 years of age) were allocated into 4 groups: perineal massage (PnM) group (PnM protocol for 10 minutes); instrument-assisted perineal stretching with a long static protocol for 15 minutes [IStrLS group]); PnM + IStrLS group (both techniques applied in the 2 previous groups); and PnM + IStrSR group (the same techniques as used in the PnM + IStrLS group but with a short repeated protocol; 4 sets lasting 30 seconds each). Eight interventions were performed in all 4 groups twice weekly (beginning at the 34th gestational week). The primary outcome was PFM extensibility, assessed using vaginal dilator circumference, and the secondary outcome was PFM strength, assessed using vaginal manometry. RESULTS: For the PFM extensibility variable, a significant main effect of time (F2,88 = 87.951) and group (F3,88 = 7.193) was found. Tukey post hoc test results showed that the PnM + IStrSR group presented greater extensibility than the PnM and IStrLS groups. The PnM group showed increased PFM strength after 8 sessions compared with the other groups. CONCLUSIONS: Women who were pregnant and received the combination of perineal massage and instrument-assisted perineal stretching with short repeated application had a greater increase in PFM extensibility than perineal massage and instrument-assisted perineal stretching alone. IMPACT: The combination of perineal massage and instrument-assisted perineal stretching techniques with a short, repeated protocol led to better PFM extensibility results than the application of the techniques alone in women who were pregnant. LAY SUMMARY: Pregnant women can benefit from intervention using the combination of perineal massage and instrument-assisted perineal stretching techniques with a short, repeated protocol.


Subject(s)
Pelvic Floor , Perineum , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Manometry , Massage , Pelvic Floor/physiology , Pregnancy , Vagina , Young Adult
10.
Int J Womens Health ; 14: 279-295, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35241937

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Labor pain and anxiety are important concerns during labor, especially among the primigravidae. It may increase the duration of labor, increase stress hormones, and affect maternal and new-born related outcomes. This study examined the effectiveness of combined breathing exercises, foot reflexology, and massage (BRM) interventions on labor pain, anxiety, labor duration, stress hormone levels, maternal satisfaction, maternal vital signs, and the new-born's APGAR scores. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This single-blind-parallel randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at the Maternity and Children Hospital (MCH), Makkah, Saudi Arabia, by recruiting primigravidae aged 20 to 35 years, without any medical complications, and who were block-randomized at six-centimeter cervical dilation and stratified by intramuscular pethidine. The intervention is BRM compared to standard care. The labor pain was measured via present behavioral intensity (PBI) and visual analogue scale (VAS), and the anxiety was measured via Anxiety Assessment Scale for Pregnant Women in Labor (AASPWL). The secondary outcomes were duration of labor, maternal stress hormone levels, maternal vital signs, maternal satisfaction, fetal heart rate, and APGAR scores. All outcomes were measured at multiple time-points during and after contraction at baseline, during BRM intervention, at 60, 120, and 180 minutes post-intervention. Generalized linear mixed models were used to estimate the intervention effects over time. RESULTS: A total of 225 participants were randomized for the control (n = 112) and intervention group (113). BRM lowered the labor pain intensity at 60 minutes after intervention during (1.3 vs 3.5, F = 102.5, p < 0.001) and after contraction (0.4 vs 2.4, F = 63.6, p < 0.001) and also lowered anxiety (2.9 vs 4.2, F = 80.4, p < 0.001). BRM correspondingly lowered adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) (133 vs 209 pg/mL, p < 0.001), cortisol (1231 vs 1360 nmol/mL, p = 0.003), and oxytocin (159 vs 121 pg/mL, p < 0.001). It also shortened the labor duration (165 vs 333 minutes, p < 0.001), improved vital signs, which resulted in higher APGAR scores, and increased maternal satisfaction. CONCLUSION: The labor unit management could consider adopting BRM as one of the non-pharmacological analgesia for healthy women in labor. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN87414969, registered 3 May 2019.

11.
Int Breastfeed J ; 17(1): 23, 2022 03 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35331288

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Common approaches to manage breastfeeding problems such as pain, blocked ducts, and milk production issues include breast compression, breast massage, application of warmth or cold, medications, and breastmilk expression. Several devices are available to apply heat or cold to the breast, however, none promote breast compression and/or massage simultaneously. A new device 'Lactamo' has been developed to address this. METHODS: This study was a pre-market evaluation of the Lactamo device. The aims were to determine user safety, and satisfaction of Lactamo. The study was conducted in an Australian tertiary maternity hospital in 2019-2020. Women who were less than 3 months post-partum and were currently breastfeeding participated in the study. We conducted structured telephone surveys at 1 and 4 weeks post supply of Lactamo. Questions included demographic information, feedback on safety, usage, and perceived benefits of Lactamo. RESULTS: The cohort (n = 30) consisted of equal number of primiparous and multiparous women, 50% were born in Australia and the remainder from 11 other countries. A total of 41 telephone surveys were conducted with 27 women. Of these, 26 (96%) had used Lactamo, and the one that did not, felt she did not have a lactation concern to warrant using it. All women indicated that the device was safe to use and had no concerns, apart from one woman who experienced itching because of the device but continued to use it over clothing as she found it beneficial. Most women used it at room temperature or warmed. The frequency of use varied from once per week (17%) to daily (33%), and use was often prompted by a lactation concern such as engorgement, pain, blocked ducts, and low supply. CONCLUSION: Lactamo was found to be safe, and a valuable aid for breastfeeding women. More research is needed to understand the efficacy of the device in treating breastfeeding problems such as pain, blocked ducts, and milk production issues.


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding , Hot Temperature , Australia , Female , Humans , Lactation , Male , Massage , Pain , Pregnancy
12.
J Sports Sci Med ; 21(1): 13-22, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35250329

ABSTRACT

Prior studies have shown that self- and manual massage (SMM) increases flexibility in non-adjacent body areas. It is unclear whether this also influences performance in terms of force generation. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of SMM on the plantar surface on performance in the dorsal kinetic chain. Seventeen young participants took part in this within-subject non-randomized controlled study. SMM was applied on the plantar surface of the dominant leg, but not on the non-dominant leg. A functional performance test of the dorsal kinetic chain, the Bunkie Test, was conducted before and after the intervention. We measured the performance in seconds for the so-called posterior power line (PPL) and the posterior stabilizing line (PSL). The performance of the dominant leg in the Bunkie Test decreased significantly by 17.2% from (mean ± SD) 33.1 ± 9.9 s to 27.4 ± 11.1 s for the PPL and by 16.3% from 27.6 ± 9.8 s to 23.1 ± 11.7 s for the PSL. This is in contrast to the non-dominant leg where performance increased significantly by 5.1% from 29.7 ± 9.6 s to 31.1 ± 8.9 s for the PPL and by 3.1% from 25.7 ± 1.5 s to 26.5 ± 1.7 s for the PSL. SMM interventions on the plantar surface might influence the performance in the dorsal kinetic chain.


Subject(s)
Massage , Humans , Massage/methods , Physical Functional Performance
13.
Complement Ther Med ; 66: 102825, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35339652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Since the clinical benefits of a massage chair have not been fully elucidated, we aimed to assess the effects of the long-term use of a massage chair on stress measures in adults. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community. Interventions In total, 80 adults aged 50-75 years were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n=41) and control group (n=39). The intervention group used the massage chair twice a day for 6 months. The control group was educated about lifestyle modification. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was the change in serum cortisol levels in the morning (8 a.m.) and afternoon (1 p.m.), and the secondary outcomes included changes in levels of dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEA-S), serotonin, insulin-like growth factor, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, and natural killer cell activity, and results from a questionnaire on mood, cognition, and quality of life. RESULTS: The use of the massage chair was associated with a decreasing trend in serum cortisol levels at 1 p.m. (-2.68 ug/dL, p = 0.059). Serum DHEA-S levels significantly decreased with the intervention (-9.66 ug/dL, p = 0.003). In addition, the perceived rate of depression and health status considerably improved following the intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic stress in adults could be effectively managed using a massage chair.


Subject(s)
Massage , Quality of Life , Adult , Affect , Aged , Cognition , Humans , Massage/methods , Middle Aged , Pilot Projects , Stress, Psychological/therapy
14.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 29: 232-238, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35248276

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Low back pain (waja-uz-zahr) due to lumbar spondylosis affects approximately 60-80% of the population at any point of life. The present study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of soft and prolonged massage with roghan-i-suranjan on low back pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinically and radiologically diagnosed patients of low back pain were randomized into test and control groups consisting 20 patients in each group. The patients in test group received soft and prolonged massage with roghan-i-suranjan; while, in control group, short wave diathermy was given on every alternate day up to 20 min for 3 weeks. The patients were assessed before and after the treatment using the VAS and ODI (OLBP) scales. RESULTS: VAS score was reduced to 42.14%, (p < 0.001) in massage and 13.94%, (p < 0.008) in control group after the treatment [Percentual Change (PC) between the groups = 54.35%, p < 0.001]. OLBP score was improved to 37.16% (p < 0.001) in massage and 5.93% (p < 0.0012) in control group after the treatment [PC between the groups = 29.57%, p < 0.02]. CONCLUSION: Apart from the muhallil-i-awram (anti-inflammatory), mulattif (attenuative), daf-i-alam (analgesic), and musakkin (sedative) activities of the tested-drugs, the specific strokes soft and prolonged massage further enhances the evacuative and rejuvenative process through its own action of tahleel (dissolution), talteef (attenuation), taskeen (sedation), and taskheen (diaphoresis) induced by the various manipulations used in this massage. Soft and prolonged massage with tested oil was found effective in reducing the pain and improving the quality of life in the patients of low back pain.


Subject(s)
Low Back Pain , Humans , Low Back Pain/therapy , Massage , Pain Measurement , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(9): e28861, 2022 Mar 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35244040

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Neurogenic cervical spondylosis is the most common type of cervical spondylosis, accounting for approximately 60% percent of the incidence of cervical spondylosis. Cervical spine Long manipulation and sling exercise training (SET) have obtained good therapeutic results in clinical rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Long manipulation combined with SET on neurogenic cervical spondylosis. In this assessor-blind, randomized controlled trial, 90 eligible patients will be randomized into a combination treatment group (Long manipulation combined with SET), a Long manipulation group and a conventional massage group. The visual analogue score, the Neck Disability Index score, and muscle fatigue in the bilateral upper oblique and Musculus sternocleidomastoideus, using mean power frequency and median frequency from the surface electromyography frequency domain index, will be assessed before and after the intervention at 0 and 4 weeks, respectively.Trial registration: Registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registration Center with the number ChiCTR2100054978. Registered December 30, 2021.


Subject(s)
Chiropractic/methods , Manipulation, Spinal/methods , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Spondylosis/therapy , Cervical Vertebrae , Humans , Massage/methods , Muscle Fatigue , Spondylosis/complications , Treatment Outcome
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(11)2022 Mar 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35356914

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of aromatherapy massage in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: To collect relevant literature, we will research following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal Database and Wanfang Data the time is from inception to December 30, 2021, and the language is limited to Chinese and English. In addition, we will retrieve other literature resources, including the Chinese Clinical Trial Register, conference papers. Two reviewers will independently complete the literature screen and data extraction, and quality assessment of the included studies will be independently completed by 2 other researchers. The primary outcomes included the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index scale, the visual analog scale, symptom score, Lysholm knee scoring scale, adverse events, and adverse reactions as secondary outcomes would be assessed. RevMan V.5.4.1 software will be used for meta-analysis, and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) will be used to assess the quality of evidence. RESULTS: This systematic review will be showed a high-quality synthesis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of aromatherapy massage in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, providing reference for the safe and effective treatment of knee osteoarthritis. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of whether aromatherapy massage is effective.Systematic review registration: INPLASY202210010URL: https://inplasy.com/inplasy-2022-1-0010/.


Subject(s)
Aromatherapy , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Humans , Massage/methods , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Research Design , Systematic Reviews as Topic
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(6): e28732, 2022 Feb 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35147095

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture and massage combined with rehabilitation in the treatment of hemiplegia after stroke. METHODS: To collect relevant literature, we will research following databases: Medicine, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan-Fang Database, Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodicaols Database, and China Biomedical Database; the time is from its creation to May 2021, and the language is limited to Chinese and English. In addition, we will retrieve other literature resources, including the Chinese Clinical Trial Register and conference articles. Two reviewers will independently complete the literature screen and data extraction and quality assessment of the included studies will be independently completed by two other researchers. The primary outcomes included the Modified Ashworth scale and the simplified Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale. The Modified Barthel Index, the China Stroke Scale, and adverse reactions as secondary outcomes were assessed. RevMan V.5.4.1 software will be used for meta-analysis, and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) will be used to assess the quality of evidence. RESULTS: This systematic review will provide a high-quality synthesis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture and massage combined with rehabilitation in the treatment of hemiplegia after stroke, providing a reference for the safe and effective treatment of hemiplegia after stroke. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that acupuncture and massage combined with rehabilitation therapy is effective. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol of the systematic review does not require ethical approval because it does not involve humans. This article will be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at relevant conferences. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: INPLASY202210026.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Hemiplegia/therapy , Massage , Stroke Rehabilitation , Stroke/complications , Hemiplegia/etiology , Humans , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Research Design , Systematic Reviews as Topic
18.
Palliat Med ; 36(3): 555-559, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35176942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Severe, cancer-related facial oedema can impair vision. It can result from lymphatic and/or venous obstruction due to disease and/or treatment related fibrosis. There is very limited data on the use of directly applied hypertonic packs for the relief of periorbital oedema. CASE: A 63 year old man with recurrent laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma developed functional blindness secondary to periorbital oedema in the setting of severe facial swelling. This was refractory to maximal facial lymphatic massage available in the community setting. POSSIBLE COURSES OF ACTION: Management dilemmas included what non-medical interventions may relieve his periorbital oedema and thereby restore his vision outside of daily lymphatic massage from a qualified physiotherapist. FORMULATION OF MANAGEMENT PLAN: The patient agreed to an initial dry hypertonic pack with a great functional improvement of his vision. He was taught how to do this so that he could repeat ad libitum. OUTCOME: The patient had previously expressed that his most distressing thought was the prospect of becoming functionally blind prior to dying. The provision of an easy additional therapy to relieve his visual obstruction provided him with much comfort. He passed away peacefully a few weeks later. LESSONS: The case demonstrates that application of a dry hypertonic pack can relieve periorbital oedema in the setting of facial oedema in cases which are refractory to the combination of self-massage, cold-compress application, and daily lymphatic massage by a certified physiotherapist. RESEARCH AVENUES: A case series to define incidence of adverse effects and duration of treatment effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Head and Neck Neoplasms , Lymphedema , Blindness/complications , Blindness/therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms/complications , Humans , Lymphedema/etiology , Lymphedema/therapy , Male , Massage , Middle Aged
19.
Epilepsy Behav ; 129: 108607, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35180572

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Hot water epilepsy (HWE) is a type of reflex epilepsy triggered by bathing with hot water. Hot water epilepsy is generally considered as a self-limiting benign disease although its long-term course and prognosis remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to determine the long-term clinical course and prognosis of hot water epilepsy and possible factors affecting them. METHODS: The diagnosis of HWE was made based on the clinical history obtained from patients and their first degree relatives witnessing to the seizures and video recordings of seizures if available; then, the type of seizure was identified. Good prognosis was defined as patients whose seizures were controlled with or without preventive measures and who did not require antiepileptic treatment. The poor prognosis was defined as patients whose seizures continued despite preventive measures and required antiepileptic treatment. RESULTS: The study included 50 (31 male and 19 female) patients with a mean follow-up of 17.63 ±â€¯10.46 (median, 15.0) years. The age at onset of seizure was 14.52 ±â€¯12.71 (median: 10.0) years. There were 38 (76%) patients in the good prognosis group. 18 (36%) of them achieved complete remission, who did not require preventive measures. In the remaining 20 (40%) patients, seizures could be controlled with only preventive measures. Seizures could be controlled with antiepileptic treatment in only 1 (2%) of 12 (24%) patients in the poor prognosis group. A significant relationship was found between the frequency of hot water seizures (HWSs) and poor prognosis (p = 0.019), as well as the presence of spontaneous seizures outside of bathing and poor prognosis (p = 0.000). SIGNIFICANCE: Hot water epilepsy, as previously known, is not a self-limiting benign disease. Approximately ¾ of the cases have a good prognosis, but the rest are in the case of chronic epilepsy. The low response rate to antiepileptics' treatment suggests that the pathogenesis of the HWE may differ from other epilepsies.


Subject(s)
Electroencephalography , Epilepsy, Reflex , Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use , Electroencephalography/adverse effects , Epilepsy, Reflex/diagnosis , Epilepsy, Reflex/etiology , Epilepsy, Reflex/therapy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hot Temperature , Humans , Male , Prognosis , Water
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(5): e28775, 2022 Feb 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35119041

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common disease, which can cause low back pain, sciatica, and even disability. The treatment of LDH is a global challenge. Conservative therapy with non-drugs is considered to be the first choice for patients with LDH. In recent years, an increasing number of systematic reviews and meta analyses on Daoyin and massage interventions in lumbar disc herniation have been implemented. However, the evidence quality and methodological quality of these systematic reviews/meta analyses are unknown and need to be systematically evaluated. This overview aims to systematically summarize and critically appraise the current evidence on Daoyin and massage for LDH. METHODS: Eight electronic data will be retrieved, including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database (WF), China Biomedical database (CBM), Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP), PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science (WOS), and EMBASE from their inception to March 1, 2022. The reporting quality, methodological quality, risk of bias, quality of evidence will be assessed by using The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses 2020 (PRISMA 2020), the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR-2), the Risk of Bias in Systematic Review (ROBIS), and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). Two independent researchers conducted literature screening, data extraction, and quality evaluation process. In addition, we will establish an overlap matrix and calculate the corrected covered area to evaluate the impact of overlapping areas on conclusions. RESULTS: The results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: This overview will provide comprehensive evidence of Daoyin and massage for treating lumbar disc herniation. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: INPLASY202210019.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Massage , Sciatica , China , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy , Sciatica/therapy , Systematic Reviews as Topic
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL
...