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1.
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet ; 187(3): 312-321, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403803

ABSTRACT

Birth defects are structural or functional defects present at birth and are caused by different factors that affect intrauterine development. They are the second most common cause of death under five years of age in Latin America and the Caribbean. In Bogotá and Cali, Colombia, there are two surveillance programs established to evaluate the prevalence of them. The purpose of the following article is to describe the experience and results of the surveillance of the Birth Defects Surveillance Programs in Bogotá and Cali, Colombia, 2002-2019. The information was taken from the surveillance programs that have an active hospital system in some institutions of the city (ECLAMC modality), and use data from the passive national system (Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia en Salud Pública - SIVIGILA) to expand their coverage. From 2002 until 2019, 1,289.650 births have been monitored through one of the surveillance programs, including both methodologies. The importance of surveillance programs relies on the amount of data obtained that allows the development of research, the detection of potential changes throughout time, and the guidance of public policies to improve promotion and prevention strategies.

2.
Cad Saude Publica ; 36(12): e00247719, 2021.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440423

ABSTRACT

The aim was to explain differences in the rates of adverse perinatal events in teenage mothers with low and high schooling. The sample was collected from the Latin American Colaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) database. From a total of 2,443,747 births in 93 hospitals, 66,755 live newborns without congenital malformations were recruited from 2000 to 2017. Teenage mothers were classified according to low, medium, and high schooling. A multivariate model was used that included reproductive history, access to health services, demographic and socioeconomic variables, and ethnic group. The Fairlie decomposition model was applied to quantify the contribution of explanatory variables to the adverse perinatal event rates. Of the 66,755 newborns analyzed, 21.1% (n = 14,078) were born to teenage mothers. Distribution of maternal schooling was 24.2%, 59.8%, and 16% for low, medium, and high schooling, respectively. The highest rates of adverse perinatal events were seen in teenage mothers with low schooling. The variable "access to health services" explained 35%, 37%, and 23% of the disparities in low birthweight, prematurity, and intrauterine growth restriction, respectively, among teenage mother with low and high schooling. Low number of prenatal visits was the only risk factor for the two levels of schooling and the variable that best explained the differences between the rates of adverse perinatal events. From the public health perspective, prenatal care represents a low-cost intervention with the possibility of increased implementation through adequate information for the population and systematic measures in primary care.


Subject(s)
Mothers , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Adolescent , Brazil/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome/epidemiology , Prenatal Care
3.
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet ; 184(4): 1078-1091, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33319501

ABSTRACT

The early detection of congenital anomaly epidemics occurs when comparing current with previous frequencies in the same population. The success of epidemiologic surveillance depends on numerous factors, including the accuracy of the rates available in the base period, wide population coverage, and short periodicity of analysis. This study aims to describe the Latin American network of congenital malformation surveillance: ReLAMC, created to increase epidemiologic surveillance in Latin America. We describe the main steps, tasks, strategies used, and preliminary results. From 2017 to 2019, five national registries (Argentina [RENAC], Brazil [SINASC/SIM-BRS], Chile [RENACH], Costa Rica [CREC], Paraguay [RENADECOPY-PNPDC]), six regional registries (Bogotá [PVSDC-Bogota], Cali [PVSDC-Cali], Maule [RRMC SSM], Nicaragua [SVDC], Nuevo-León [ReDeCon HU], São Paulo [SINASC/SIM-MSP]) and the ECLAMC hospital network sent data to ReLAMC on a total population of 9,152,674 births, with a total of 101,749 malformed newborns (1.1%; 95% CI 1.10-1.12). Of the 9,000,651 births in countries covering both live and stillbirths, 88,881 were stillborn (0.99%; 95% CI 0.98-0.99), and among stillborns, 6,755 were malformed (7.61%; 95% CI 7.44-7.79). The microcephaly rate was 2.45 per 10,000 births (95% CI 2.35-2.55), hydrocephaly 3.03 (2.92-3.14), spina bifida 2.89 (2.78-3.00), congenital heart defects 15.53 (15.27-15.79), cleft lip 2.02 (1.93-2.11), cleft palate and lip 2.77 (2.66-2.88), talipes 2.56 (2.46-2.67), conjoined twins 0.16 (0.14-0.19), and Down syndrome 5.33 (5.18-5.48). Each congenital anomaly showed heterogeneity in prevalence rates among registries. The harmonization of data in relation to operational differences between registries is the next step in developing the common ReLAMC database.


Subject(s)
Congenital Abnormalities , Chile , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Latin America/epidemiology , Prevalence , Registries
4.
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet ; 184(4): 986-995, 2020 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219737

ABSTRACT

Skeletal dysplasias (SD) are disturbances in growth due to defects intrinsic to the bone and/or cartilage, usually affecting multiple bones and having a progressive character. In this article, we review the state of clinical and research SD resources available in Latin America, including three specific countries (Brazil, Argentina, and Chile), that have established multidisciplinary clinics for the care of these patients. From the epidemiological point of view, the SD prevalence of 3.2 per 10,000 births from nine South American countries included in the ECLAMC network represents the most accurate estimate not just in Latin America, but worldwide. In Brazil, there are currently five groups focused on SD. The data from one of these groups including the website www.ocd.med.br, created to assist in the diagnosis of SD, are highlighted showing that telemedicine for this purpose represents a good strategy for the region. The experience of more than 30 years of the SD multidisciplinary clinic in an Argentinian Hospital is presented, evidencing a solid experience mainly in the follow-up of the most frequent SD, especially those belonging the FGFR3 group and OI. In Chile, a group with 20 years of experience presents its work with geneticists and pediatricians, focusing on diagnostic purposes and clinical management. Altogether, although SD health-care and research activities in Latin America are in their early stages, the experience in these three countries seems promising and stimulating for the region as a whole.

5.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 29(4): e2020093, 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756830

ABSTRACT

Objective to identify international congenital anomaly surveillance collaboration networks, to list the programs that compose them and to compare their main characteristics. Methods this was a narrative literature review by means of a MEDLINE database search (via PubMed) and searches involving websites, reports and official documents. Results six international congenital anomaly surveillance collaboration networks were identified (ECLAMC, ICBDSR, EUROCAT, BINOCAR, SEAR-NBBD and ReLAMC), comprised of 98 programs present in 58 different countries on all continents, except Africa; the main characteristics regarding type of surveillance, coverage and location were discussed in a comparative manner. Conclusion international collaborative networks are important players for congenital anomaly surveillance, contributing to the understanding of the global epidemiological scenario of these conditions, in addition to acting both to strengthen individual existing programs and also to create surveillance initiatives in unassisted regions.

6.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(4): 324-329, jul.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289233

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to investigate the prevalence and risk factors in newborns with congenital heart defects (CHD). Methods: this case-control study included 234,386 births from January 2006 to June 2013 that were evaluated and registered in the Latin-American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) methodology, establishing the Bogota Birth Defects Surveillance and Follow-up Program (BBDSFP). Results: 234,368 births were registered and 277 of them were identified to have a CHD. The most common defect among all was ventricular septal defect (13.7%) followed by atrial septal defect (10.1%). As main associations we obtained: having any type of pre-gestational diabetes mellitus had an increased risk for the development of CHD (OR 16.36 CI: 4.54-58.35). Low weight newborns (less than 2,500 g) (OR: 4.13 CI: 3.13-5.44) and a gestational age lower than 36 weeks (OR: 4.92 CI: 3-5.44) were also linked to malformations. Conclusions: women with diabetes mellitus represent a high-risk pregnancy group, more work is needed to educate diabetic women, so CHD can be prevented and the outcomes of their pregnancy can be improved. Appropriate glycemic control before and during pregnancy may reduce CHD.


Resumen Objetivos: investigar la prevalencia y los factores de riesgo en recién nacidos con cardiopatías congénitas. Métodos: este estudio caso control incluyó 234.386 nacimientos desde enero del 2006 hasta junio del 2013, los cuales fueron evaluados y registrados según la metodología del Estudio Colaborativo Latinoamericano de Malformaciones Congénitas (ECLAMC) estableciendo el programa de vigilancia de defectos congénitos de Bogotá. Resultados: de 234.368 pacientes fueron incluidos en el estudio, 277 fueron diagnosticados con cardiopatías congénitas. El defecto cardiaco más común fue la comunicación interventricular (13.7%) seguido por la comunicación interauricular (10.1%). Al evaluar los factores de riesgo se encontró que las madres con diabetes mellitus pregestacional tuvieron mayor riesgo de tener hijos con cardiopatías congénitas (OR 16.36 IC: 4.54-58.35) y que los pacientes con bajo peso al nacer (menor de 2.500 g) (OR: 4.13 IC: 3.13-5.44) y edad gestacional menor a 36 semanas (OR: 4.92 CI: 3-5.44) tenían mayor riesgo de ser diagnosticados con una cardiopatía congénita. Conclusiones: las pacientes diabéticas en embarazo tienen mayor riesgo de que sus hijos desarrollen una cardiopatía congénita. Por lo anterior se necesita realizar un mayor trabajo tanto de educación como de seguimiento a las mujeres diabéticas, para así prevenir cardiopatías congénitas y disminuir el resigo de sus embarazos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Diabetes Mellitus , Heart Defects, Congenital , Congenital Abnormalities , Birth Weight , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Genetics
7.
Acta méd. peru ; 37(3): 304-311, jul-sep 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142015

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar los factores asociados a la presencia de fisura labial y/o palatina en recién nacidos en el Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins, localizado en Lima - Perú, durante el periodo noviembre 2012 - diciembre 2016. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional, analítico, de casos y controles emparejado, con datos del Estudio Colaborativo Latinoamericano de Malformaciones Congénitas (ECLAMC). Se analizaron 61 casos y 61 controles. La variable dependiente fue la presencia de fisura labial y/o palatina. Se recogieron también variables clínicas, epidemiológicas, obstétricas y prenatales. Resultados: la fisura labiopalatina con extensión completa, en el sexo masculino, fue la forma más frecuente y estuvo presente en 36 neonatos (59%), con cariotipo normal 44 (75,9%) y sin diagnóstico prenatal 40 (65,6%). Las malformaciones observadas con más frecuencia fueron las faciales 27 (44,2%) seguidas de malformaciones cardiacas (29,6%). Se construyó un modelo estadístico mediante análisis multivariado conformado por tres variables: enfermedad crónica durante el embarazo (odds ratio (OR): 3,8; intervalo de confianza al 95% (IC 95%): 1,11 - 13,08), edad materna mayor a 35 años (OR: 6,85; IC 95%: 2,69 - 17,43) y antecedente familiar (OR: 14,5; IC 95%: 1,68 - 125,56). Conclusiones: las enfermedades crónicas en el embarazo, la edad materna avanzada y el antecedente familiar fueron factores que aumentaron la presencia de fisura labial y/o palatina.


ABSTRACT Objective: to identify factors associated to the occurrence of cleft lip and/or palate in newborns in Edgardo Rebagliati-Martins National Hospital in Lima, Peru, during the time period from November 2012 until December 2016. Materials and methods: this is an analytical observational paired case-control study, with data from the Collaborative Latin-American Study of Congenital Malformations. Sixty-one cases and sixty-one controls were analyzed. The dependent variable was the presence of cleft lip and/or palate. Clinical, epidemiological, obstetric, and prenatal variables were also analyzed. Results : cleft lip/palate with complete extension predominantly in males was the most frequent form, and it was present in 36 neonates (59%), 44 of all children in the sample (75.9%) had normal karyotype, and 40 did not have a prenatal diagnosis (65.6%). Associated malformations most frequently observed were 27 facial cases (44.2%), followed by cardiac malformations (29.6%). A statistical model using multivariate analysis was built on, and this comprised three variables: chronic disease during pregnancy (odds ratio (OR): 3.8; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.11-13.8), maternal age more than 35 years (OR: 6.85; 95% CI: 2.69-17.43), and family history (OR: 14.5; 95% CI: 1.68-125.56). Conclusions : chronic diseases during pregnancy, advanced maternal age, and family history were factors that increased the frequency of cleft lip and/or palate.

8.
J Environ Manage ; 265: 110528, 2020 Jul 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32421558

ABSTRACT

Biological transformation of municipal solid waste is an environment-friendly management strategy against recalcitrant residues. The bacterial biome that inhabit said residues are responsible of decomposing both simple and complex materials. For this reason, processes such as composting, which favor the acceleration of the transformation of organic matter, can contribute to the degradation of municipal solid waste. Not only as mere fertilizer for crops, but also as methods for the recovery of solid waste. However, the control of the conditions necessary to achieve an optimal process on an industrial scale is a great concern. Thus, the aim of this work focuses on the characterization of the bacterial microbiome on three municipal solid waste facilities in order to deepen the role of microorganisms in the state of the final product obtained. For it, an intensive metagenomic analysis as well as a battery of physicochemical determinations were carried out. The lack of adequate thermophilic phases was decisive in finding certain bacterial genera, such as Lactobacillus, which was significant through these processes. Biodiversity did not follow a common pattern in the three processes, neither in abundance nor in richness but, in general, it was greater during the bio-oxidative stage. Despite the different trend in terms of the degradation of carbon fractions in these wastes, at the end of the biodegradation treatments, a sufficient degree of bioestabilization of the organic matter was reached. The results offer the opportunity to obtain a level of detail unprecedented of the structure, dynamics and function of the bacterial community in real conditions, without the control offered by laboratory conditions or pilot plants.


Subject(s)
Composting , Microbiota , Refuse Disposal , Waste Management , Fertilizers , Soil , Solid Waste
9.
Neuropsychol Rehabil ; 30(9): 1762-1785, 2020 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003592

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine long-term neurobehavioural symptom reporting following mild, moderate, severe, or penetrating TBI in U.S. military service members and veterans (SMV). Participants were 445 SMVs divided into four groups: 158 uncomplicated mild TBI ("unMTBI" group), 105 penetrating, severe, moderate, or complicated mild TBI ("smcTBI" group), 101 injured controls (IC), and 81 non-injured controls (NIC). Two independent cohorts were examined that included participants 5-years or 10-year post-injury. Participants completed the TBI-Quality of Life, Neurobehavioural Symptom Inventory, and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist. At 5-years and 10-years post-injury, there were significant main effects for the majority of measures (all p's < .005). At 10-years post-injury, the NIC group had consistently better scores compared to the IC, unMTBI, and smcTBI groups. At 5-years post-injury, either (a) the IC and NIC group had better scores compared to both TBI groups, or (b) the NIC group had better scores compared to the IC, unMTBI, and smcTBI groups. A high proportion of SMVs reported poor long-term neurobehavioural symptoms following TBI or bodily injury without TBI. Injured SMVs (regardless of injury type) can have long-term symptoms that impact mental health and overall quality of life requiring long-term follow-up and care.


Subject(s)
Behavioral Symptoms/etiology , Brain Injuries, Traumatic/complications , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Head Injuries, Penetrating/complications , Military Personnel , Veterans , Adult , Behavioral Symptoms/physiopathology , Cognitive Dysfunction/physiopathology , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , United States
10.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(4): e2020093, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124759

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar as redes de colaboração internacional para vigilância das anomalias congênitas, elencar os programas que as compõem e comparar suas principais características. Métodos: revisão narrativa de literatura, mediante busca na base MEDLINE (via PubMed), em endereços on-line, relatórios e documentos oficiais. Resultados: foram identificadas seis redes de colaboração internacional para a vigilância de anomalias congênitas (ECLAMC, ICBDSR, EUROCAT, BINOCAR, SEAR-NBBD e ReLAMC), compostas por 98 programas presentes em 58 diferentes países de todos os continentes, exceto a África; as principais características quanto ao tipo de vigilância, cobertura e localização foram discutidas de modo comparativo. Conclusão: as redes colaborativas internacionais constituem importantes atores para a vigilância das anomalias congênitas, contribuindo com o entendimento do cenário epidemiológico global desses agravos, além de atuar tanto para o fortalecimento de programas individuais já existentes quanto para a criação de iniciativas de vigilância em regiões desassistidas.


Objetivo analizar la prevalencia de enfermedades respiratorias y diarrea en trabajadores de cooperativas de materiales reciclables en São Paulo, Brasil, y factores asociados. Métodos: estudio transversal en tres cooperativas, con datos recopilados por entrevistas estructuradas y medición de la concentración fungica ambiental; se usó la regresión de Poisson para estimar las razones de prevalencia (RP). Resultados: 156 personas fueron entrevistadas; la mayor prevalencia de asma, enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC) y diarrea se produjo en cooperativas con la mayor concentración fúngica total; se observó una mayor prevalencia ajustada de asma en la cooperativa A (RP=8,44 - IC95% 1,09;65,37) y diarrea en C (RP=2,09 - IC95% 1,11;3,94), en comparación con la cooperativa B; la mayor prevalencia de EPOC se observó en los fumadores y ex fumadores (RP=8,66 - IC95% 2,84;26,35). Conclusión: se deben adoptar medidas de control fúngica como prevención de enfermedades en cooperativas de materiales reciclables.


Objective: to identify international congenital anomaly surveillance collaboration networks, to list the programs that compose them and to compare their main characteristics. Methods: this was a narrative literature review by means of a MEDLINE database search (via PubMed) and searches involving websites, reports and official documents. Results: six international congenital anomaly surveillance collaboration networks were identified (ECLAMC, ICBDSR, EUROCAT, BINOCAR, SEAR-NBBD and ReLAMC), comprised of 98 programs present in 58 different countries on all continents, except Africa; the main characteristics regarding type of surveillance, coverage and location were discussed in a comparative manner. Conclusion: international collaborative networks are important players for congenital anomaly surveillance, contributing to the understanding of the global epidemiological scenario of these conditions, in addition to acting both to strengthen individual existing programs and also to create surveillance initiatives in unassisted regions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Congenital Abnormalities/epidemiology , Epidemiological Monitoring , International Cooperation , Global Health/trends , Science and Technology Information Networks
11.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 36(12): e00247719, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153650

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El objetivo fue explicar las diferencias en la frecuencia de eventos perinatales adversos entre madres adolescentes con baja y alta escolaridad. La muestra poblacional se recogió en la base de datos del Estudio Colaborativo Latinoamericano de Malformaciones Congénitas (ECLAMC). Entre 2.443.747 nacimientos ocurridos en 93 hospitales, se reclutaron 66.755 recién nacidos vivos, sin defectos congénitos, durante el período 2000-2017. Las madres adolescentes se clasificaron según su escolaridad en: baja, media y alta. Se utilizó un modelo multivariado, que incluyó efectos reproductivos, acceso a servicios de salud, variables demográficas-socioeconómicas, así como de grupo étnico. El modelo de descomposición de Fairlie se aplicó para cuantificar la contribución de variables explicativas en las frecuencias de eventos perinatales adversos. De los 66.755 recién nacidos investigados, el 21,1% (n = 14.078) fue primigrávida de madres adolescentes. La distribución por escolaridad materna fue de 24,2%, 59,8% y 16% para baja, media y alta escolaridad, respectivamente. Las mayores frecuencias de eventos perinatales adversos se observaron en madres adolescentes con baja escolaridad. La variable "acceso a servicios de salud" explicó un 35%, 37% y 23% de las disparidades en el bajo peso al nacimiento, prematuridad y retardo de crecimiento intrauterino, respectivamente, entre madres adolescentes con baja y alta escolaridad. El bajo número de consultas prenatales fue el único factor de riesgo para los dos niveles de escolaridad y la variable que mejor explica las diferencias entre las frecuencias de eventos perinatales adversos. Desde el punto de vista de la salud pública, ellos representan una intervención de bajo coste, con posibilidad de que se incrementen mediante información adecuada para la población y medidas sistemáticas en los niveles de atención primaria.


Abstract: The aim was to explain differences in the rates of adverse perinatal events in teenage mothers with low and high schooling. The sample was collected from the Latin American Colaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) database. From a total of 2,443,747 births in 93 hospitals, 66,755 live newborns without congenital malformations were recruited from 2000 to 2017. Teenage mothers were classified according to low, medium, and high schooling. A multivariate model was used that included reproductive history, access to health services, demographic and socioeconomic variables, and ethnic group. The Fairlie decomposition model was applied to quantify the contribution of explanatory variables to the adverse perinatal event rates. Of the 66,755 newborns analyzed, 21.1% (n = 14,078) were born to teenage mothers. Distribution of maternal schooling was 24.2%, 59.8%, and 16% for low, medium, and high schooling, respectively. The highest rates of adverse perinatal events were seen in teenage mothers with low schooling. The variable "access to health services" explained 35%, 37%, and 23% of the disparities in low birthweight, prematurity, and intrauterine growth restriction, respectively, among teenage mother with low and high schooling. Low number of prenatal visits was the only risk factor for the two levels of schooling and the variable that best explained the differences between the rates of adverse perinatal events. From the public health perspective, prenatal care represents a low-cost intervention with the possibility of increased implementation through adequate information for the population and systematic measures in primary care.


Resumo: O objetivo foi explicar as diferenças na frequência de eventos perinatais adversos entre mães adolescentes com baixa e alta escolaridade. A amostra populacional foi coletada na base de dados do Estudo Colaborativo Latino-Americano de Malformações Congênitas (ECLAMC). Entre 2.443.747 nascimentos ocorridos em 93 hospitais, 66.755 recém-nascidos vivos sem defeitos congênitos foram recrutados no período 2000-2017. As mães adolescentes foram classificadas segundo sua escolaridade em: baixa, média e alta. Foi utilizado um modelo multivariado que incluiu efeitos reprodutivos, acesso a serviços de saúde, variáveis demográficas-socioeconômicas e de grupo étnico. O modelo de decomposição de Fairlie foi aplicado para quantificar a contribuição de variáveis explicativas nas frequências de eventos perinatais adversos. Dos 66.755 recém-nascidos pesquisados, o 21,1% (n = 14.078) foi a mãe adolescente. A distribuição por escolaridade materna foi de 24,2%, 59,8% e 16% para baixa escolaridade, média escolaridade e alta escolaridade, respectivamente. As maiores frequências de eventos perinatais adversos foram observadas em mães adolescentes com baixa escolaridade. A variável "acesso a serviços de saúde"; explicou 35%, 37% e 23% das disparidades no baixo peso ao nascer, prematuridade e retardo de crescimento intrauterino, respectivamente, entre mães adolescentes com baixa e alta escolaridades. O baixo número de consultas pré-natais foi o único fator de risco para os dois níveis de escolaridade e a variável que melhor explica as diferenças entre as frequências de eventos perinatais adversos. Do ponto de vista da saúde pública, eles representam uma intervenção de baixo custo, com possibilidade de ser incrementadas por meio de informações adequadas à população e medidas sistemáticas nos níveis de atenção primária.

12.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 126: 109594, 2019 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344554

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Congenital defects affecting the auditory and visual capacity of newborns represent a public health problem as they result in substantial disability, directly impacting the quality of life of newborns and their families. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors associated with congenital defects that alter hearing or vision in newborns in the city of Bogotá between 2002 and 2016. METHOD: Data from the Bogotá Birth Defects Surveillance and Follow-up Program was used, which consolidated data regarding 167 ECLAMC study (Estudio Colaborativo Latino Americano de Malformaciones Congénitas, in spanish) variables in a case-control design to identify risk factors for birth defects after parents provided signed informed consent. Cases were defined as any newborn (alive or stillborn) with a weight greater than 500 g with any visual or hearing abnormality. Controls were defined as newborn in the same hospital and month with no birth defects. Groups were formed according to the case presentation as follows: isolated eye anomaly, isolated ear anomaly, polymalformative, syndromic, and teratogenic. RESULTS: In total, 402,657 births were reviewed, of which 968 cases had some congenital defects that alter hearing or vision. An association was found between the presence of defects and prematurity, as well as between syndromic cases and increasing maternal age. When comparing cases and controls with the risk of having a birth defect, multiparity had an odds ratio (OR) of 1.47 (95% CI: 1.27-1.71), acute respiratory infection had an OR of 2.41 (95% CI: 1.04-5.58), low maternal education level had an OR of 1.34 (95% CI:1.10-1.62), low paternal education had an OR of 1.42, (95% CI:1.17-1.73), manual labor in the maternal occupation had an OR of 1.31 (95% CI:1.03-1.67), and a history of congenital anomalies in the family had an OR of 1.55 (95% CI:1.19-2.00). CONCLUSION: This research allowed the identification of epidemiological data and significant risk factors for congenital defects that alter hearing or vision in the population of Bogotá.


Subject(s)
Hearing Loss/congenital , Vision Disorders/congenital , Case-Control Studies , Colombia/epidemiology , Female , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Hearing Loss/epidemiology , Hearing Loss/etiology , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Odds Ratio , Public Health Surveillance , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Urban Health/statistics & numerical data , Vision Disorders/diagnosis , Vision Disorders/epidemiology , Vision Disorders/etiology
13.
Birth Defects Res ; 111(4): 222-228, 2019 03 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30589520

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite the numerous reports on the limb body wall complex (LBWC), this association has never been adequately defined. Amniotic bands (AB) are frequently present but their role remains unclear. Since most reports were based on clinical and often subjective diagnoses, the aim of this work was to define LBWC and the role of AB, minimizing subjectivity. METHODS: Data were obtained from the ECLAMC maternity hospitals network database. A total of 450 live and stillborn infants, born during 1967-2013, with AB or the LBWC were selected. A hierarchical cluster analysis was used to classify cases into homogeneous groups (sharing similar associated defects); robustness of the classification was confirmed with a discriminant analysis. The frequency of associated defects was compared among groups; those whose frequency differed significantly were included in a logistic regression to establish their association within each group. RESULTS: The cluster analysis identified two groups: a body wall defect (BWD) predominating in one, AB in the other. These groups were further divided into: BWD (cases with only BWD), AB (with only AB), BWD + AB, and NONE (with neither). Association with caudal defects and lower limb amelia was observed for BWD, with cephalic defects and upper limb amputations for BWD + AB. CONCLUSIONS: The results, obtained with the least possible subjectivity, indicated that BWD and BWD + AB are different conditions. Since BWD specifically associates with amelia, we propose that this defect and not any limb deficiency should be considered as inclusion criterium and that it should be included in the BWD acronym as LBWC.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , Amniotic Band Syndrome , Databases, Factual , Ectromelia , Stillbirth/epidemiology , Abnormalities, Multiple/epidemiology , Abnormalities, Multiple/pathology , Amniotic Band Syndrome/epidemiology , Amniotic Band Syndrome/pathology , Ectromelia/epidemiology , Ectromelia/pathology , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Retrospective Studies
14.
Eur J Med Genet ; 62(12): 103603, 2019 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572171

ABSTRACT

Currently accepted birth prevalence for osteochondrodysplasias (OCDs) is about 2 per 10,000 births. Our main goal is to estimate the prevalence of OCDs in Argentina and compare it with other surveillance systems. We examined 1,663,610 births among 160 hospitals of RENAC (Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas - National Network of Congenital Anomalies) between November 2009 and December 2016. Cases were detected and registered according to a pre-established protocol, ranked in three diagnostic evidence levels according to available clinical documentation, and categorized according to the 9th edition of the nosology and classification of genetic skeletal disorders. Within our dataset, the most frequent groups were Group-1 (FGFR3, chondrodysplasia) and Group-25 (Osteogenesis Imperfecta and decreased bone density). Birth prevalence per 10,000 for the main OCD types, were: Achondroplasia 0.47 (95% CI: 0.38-0.59), Thanatophoric Dysplasia 0.37 (95% CI: 0.29-0.48), and the Osteogenesis Imperfecta group 0.34 (95% CI: 0.26-0.44). For total OCD, birth prevalence was 2.20 per 10.000 births (95% CI: 1.98-2.44). RENAC prevalence of total OCDs was found to be lower than that reported by the Latin-American Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) and Utah Birth Defect Network but higher than EUROCAT. Our investigation is the first study of OCD prevalence in Argentina using data from every jurisdiction of the country.


Subject(s)
Achondroplasia/epidemiology , Osteogenesis Imperfecta/epidemiology , Thanatophoric Dysplasia/epidemiology , Argentina , Birth Rate
15.
Acta Ortop Bras ; 26(5): 325-327, 2018.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30464714

ABSTRACT

Objective: The epidemiological profile of congenital anomalies of the upper limbs (CAULs) is of major relevance to monitoring and planning. A study of this profile may reveal if there is prevalence of some specific type of malformation in comparison to a more comprehensive epidemiological sample. The Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) has an extensive database, providing an excellent source of comparison. This study aims to evaluate the epidemiological profile of CAULs at the hand surgery department of the Hospital Federal da Lagoa (HFL) in Brazil, and compare it to the ECLAMC data. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent treatment at the pediatric outpatient hand surgery clinic. The sample universe consisted of 126 patients (4 of these patients presented with 2 simultaneous anomalies), totaling 130 malformations. Results: The results demonstrated that the comparable pathologies have significantly similar incidence rates. It is worth noting the polydactylies (pre- and post-axial), where the percentile of incidence in the ECLAMC was higher. Conclusion: This study showed that the epidemiological profile of patients who underwent treatment at this hospital was equivalent to that found in the ECLAMC database. Level of evidence III, Retrospective epidemiological study.

16.
Acta ortop. bras ; 26(5): 325-327, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-973576

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The epidemiological profile of congenital anomalies of the upper limbs (CAULs) is of major relevance to monitoring and planning. A study of this profile may reveal if there is prevalence of some specific type of malformation in comparison to a more comprehensive epidemiological sample. The Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) has an extensive database, providing an excellent source of comparison. This study aims to evaluate the epidemiological profile of CAULs at the hand surgery department of the Hospital Federal da Lagoa (HFL) in Brazil, and compare it to the ECLAMC data. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent treatment at the pediatric outpatient hand surgery clinic. The sample universe consisted of 126 patients (4 of these patients presented with 2 simultaneous anomalies), totaling 130 malformations. Results: The results demonstrated that the comparable pathologies have significantly similar incidence rates. It is worth noting the polydactylies (pre- and post-axial), where the percentile of incidence in the ECLAMC was higher. Conclusion: This study showed that the epidemiological profile of patients who underwent treatment at this hospital was equivalent to that found in the ECLAMC database. Level of evidence III, Retrospective epidemiological study.


RESUMO Objetivo: O perfil epidemiológico das anomalias congênitas dos membros superiores (ACMS) é de suma relevância para monitoramento e planejamento. Um estudo nesse sentido pode revelar se há prevalência de algum tipo específico de malformação em comparação com amostra epidemiológica mais abrangente. O Estudo Colaborativo Latino Americano de Malformação Congênita (ECLAMC) tem uma extensa base de dados, que serve como excelente fonte de comparação. Este estudo tem por escopo avaliar o levantamento da casuística das ACMS no serviço de cirurgia da mão do Hospital Federal da Lagoa (HFL) e compará-la aos dados do ECLAMC. Métodos: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos pacientes atendidos no ambulatório infantil de cirurgia da mão. O universo amostral foi de 126 pacientes (sendo que 4 pacientes apresentavam 2 anomalias simultaneamente), totalizando 130 malformações. Resultados: Demonstrou-se que as patologias que puderam ser comparadas têm percentuais de incidência significativamente semelhantes. Cabe ressalvar as polidactilias (pré e pós-axiais), em que o percentil de incidência no ECLAMC foi maior. Conclusão: Este estudo evidenciou que o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes atendidos neste hospital foi equivalente ao encontrado na base de dados do ECLAMC. Nível de evidência III, Estudo epidemiológico retrospectivo.

17.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 73(3): 247-252, 2018 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29797210

ABSTRACT

In food industry, roselle beverages and their subproducts could be functional ingredients since they are an excellent source of bioactive compounds with improved performance due to their important anthocyanins content. The aim of this study was to analyze anthocyanin content and antioxidant properties of aqueous infusions elaborated with color contrasting Hibiscus materials and design a mathematical model in order to predict color-composition relationship. Color measurements of beverages from roselle (Negra, Sudan and Rosa) were made by transmission spectrophotometry, anthocyanins quantification was determined by HPLC, and antioxidant potential was evaluated by in vitro methods (ABTS and FRAP assays). Beverages prepared with particle size minor of 250 µm presented until 4- and 2- times more anthocyanins content and antioxidant capacity respectively, in comparison to beverages prepared with powders with particle size major of 750 µm. Positive correlations among pigments composition and color parameters were found (p < 0.05), showing that anthocyanins content, antioxidant capacity, C*ab and hab values increased in relation with the smallest particle size of flours. Also, mathematical models were stablished to predict anthocyanin content (r ≥ 0.97) and antioxidant capacity (r ≥ 0.89) from color data; we propose equations for quick estimation of the antioxidant capacity in the Hibiscus beverages with high anthocyanin content. The obtained models could be an important tool to be used in food industry for pigment characterization or functional compounds with potential health benefits.


Subject(s)
Anthocyanins/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis , Beverages/analysis , Hibiscus/chemistry , Models, Theoretical , Color , Colorimetry , Pigments, Biological , Spectrophotometry
18.
PLoS One ; 13(3): e0193127, 2018.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538416

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Historically, neural tube defects (NTDs) have predominated in female infants but the reasons remain unclear. In South America, the pre- folic acid fortification (FAF) rates of NTDs were around 18/10,000 births for females and 12/10,000 births for males, with an estimated sex ratio (male/female) of 0.67. During the post- FAF period, unpublished routine reports have indicated changes in the sex ratio for these defects while some descriptive reports are controversial. To date and to our knowledge, however, no studies specifically focusing on these changes to test this hypothesis directly have been undertaken. The aim of this study was to analyze changes in the sex ratio of infants with NTDs after FAF in South American countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With a descriptive cross-sectional study design, 2,597 infants with isolated NTDs born between 1990 and 2013 in 3 countries participating in the Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) network were included: (Chile N = 521 and Argentina N = 1,619 [with FAF policies]; Venezuela N = 457 [without FAF policies; used as control]; total births = 2,229,561). The differences-in-differences method and Poisson regressions were used to evaluate the sex ratio shift from female to male before vs. after FAF, and to assess whether these differences were related to the fortification. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: In Chile and Argentina the prevalence of NTDs, particularly anencephaly and cervico-thoracic spina bifida, showed a greater reduction rate in females than in males after FAF, resulting in a change of the sex ratio of infants with NTDs. Some mechanisms possibly involved in this differential reduction are proposed which might be useful to identify the pathogenesis of NTDs as a whole and specifically of those susceptible to the protective effect of folic acid.


Subject(s)
Folic Acid/administration & dosage , Food, Fortified , Neural Tube Defects/epidemiology , Neural Tube Defects/prevention & control , Sex Characteristics , Argentina/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Sex Factors
19.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; 55(4): 517-520, 2018 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29554446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Among congenital craniofacial anomalies, orofacial clefts (OFCs) are the most common. Global prevalence is 2 in 1000 and in Colombia, 1 in 700. Our goal was to describe cleft palate (CP) prevalence and cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL±P) from 2001 to 2015 in Bogota and Cali, Colombia. METHOD: Using the ECLAMC case-control design method, information was obtained from the Congenital Anomalies Monitoring and Surveillance Programs in Bogota and Cali. We describe the prevalence of cases classified into the following groups: isolated, polymalformed, and syndromic. The proportion of cases and controls was 1:4. Data were analyzed using frequency distribution and Student t test to compare means and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: We identified 529 OFC cases and 2116 controls from 448,930 births: a rate of 11.8 per 10,000 (CI = 10.80-12.83). From the total cases, 73% were identified with CL/CP compared to 27% with CP. Males had higher CL±P (59%) prevalence, whereas the highest neonatal mortality was observed among polymalformed cases (7%). The most common anomaly identified among our cases was cleft lip without isolated cleft palate (58%). We found that OFCs are linked to birthweight, size, and gestational age and higher parity with statistically significant differences in all variables compared to controls. CONCLUSIONS: OFC is a highly prevalent anomaly in Colombia, with a range of maternal and infant differences across case subgroups. The identification of important OFC subgroups that follow certain patterns of prevalence may prove useful to primary and tertiary care facilities with the goal of reducing further disability.


Subject(s)
Cleft Lip/epidemiology , Cleft Palate/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Colombia/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies
20.
Am J Med Genet A ; 176(4): 907-914, 2018 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29424949

ABSTRACT

We compared Brazilian oral cleft (OC) frequencies between the population-based Brazilian System of Live Birth (SINASC) and the hospital-based Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC), trying to understand the paucity of cleft of lip and palate (CLP) in the first system. SINASC uses the International Classification of Disease version 10 (ICD-10) for congenital defects coding, ECLAMC uses ICD-8 with modifications. In SINASC, the CLP frequency was 1.7 per 10,000 (95% confidence limits 1.7-1.8), cleft lip (CL) 1.6 (1.5-1.7), and cleft palate (CP) 2.0 (1.9-2.1). In ECLAMC, the CLP frequency was 10.4 per 10,000 (9.0-12.1), CL 5.5 (4.5-6.7), and CP 4.4. (4.5-6.7). In SINASC, only 33% of the oral clefts were CLP, versus 51% in ECLAMC. Part of this discrepancy may have been due to the relative excess of CP and CL cases. Although congenital defect frequencies are usually lower in population than in hospital-based registries, differences in the proportion of the main OC categories are not expected and are probably due to ICD-10 coding issues, such as lumping of unilateral CL and CL without other specifications. ICD-10 codes, whose deficiency for oral clefts is fully explained in the literature, lack modifiers for severity, or clinical subtypes. This paper shows the practical aspect of the ICD-10 system deficiency in capturing cleft lip and palate (CLP) subtypes, as demonstrated in SINASC covering three million births per year. Such errors are expected to occur in any registry that uses the ICD-10 coding system, and must be adjusted, given its relevance worldwide.


Subject(s)
Cleft Palate/epidemiology , Live Birth/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cleft Lip/epidemiology , Cleft Palate/diagnosis , Female , Humans , International Classification of Diseases , Male , Phenotype , Population Surveillance , Predictive Value of Tests , Pregnancy
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