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1.
Foot Ankle Surg ; 2024 Apr 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632005

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Some children and adolescents can develop persistent pain and instability following inversion injuries of the ankle. In these cases, imaging exams could reveal small bone fragments distal to the lateral malleolus. For these patients, regular conservative treatment may not be successful, requiring additional management, which can include surgical treatment. This study aimed to present the short-to-midterm functional and clinical outcomes of a series of 12 pediatric and adolescent patients who underwent ligament repair surgery due to chronic instability associated with the presence of osseous components in the lateral ligaments. METHODS: A review of 12 patients treated with surgical ligament reconstruction of the ankle was evaluated. Clinical and functional evaluations were based on comparing the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, and residual symptoms before and after the surgical intervention. RESULTS: Before the reconstructive approach, the mean VAS was 2.41 and the mean AOFAS score was 74.16. After the procedure, the standard VAS declined to zero, and the AOFAS score was 100 in all patients. The mean follow-up was 6.33 months. CONCLUSION: The surgical approach in children and adolescents with symptomatic ankle instability due to the presence of osseous fragments after an initial inversion trauma provided adequate clinical and functional results at short-to-midterm follow-up. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, retrospective case series.

2.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472435

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: After an ankle sprain, up to 20% of patients may develop chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI) requiring surgical treatment. The objective of this study was to investigate the functional outcomes and rates of return to sport activities in a cohort of non-athlete patients with chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI) who underwent the opened Brostrom-Gould technique (BGT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine patients (seventy-nine feet) from three different centers undergoing BGT were reviewed. For clinical and functional analysis, the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot scale was applied and rates of return to sport activities were assessed. Correlation of Δ-AOFAS and rates of return to sport activities with all variables analyzed was performed. RESULTS: Mean AOFAS score improved from 64.6 to 97.2 (p < 0.001). Sixty-one (77.2%) returned to preinjury activities and 18 (22.8%) changed to a lower-level modality. Symptoms of instability were related to Δ-AOFAS (p = 0.020). Change in the sport activity was related to pain and symptoms of instability (p = 0.41 and p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Recreational athlete patients who underwent the BGT demonstrated excellent functional outcomes after a mean follow-up of 7 years. Residual pain and symptoms of instability after surgery were the main complaints associated with limitations in physical activities.

3.
Int Orthop ; 48(1): 103-109, 2024 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37582981

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Based on the tripod concept of load distribution, our study aimed to evaluate whether a slight extension of first metatarsal (M1) that may occur after the Lapidus procedure (LP) could alter the radiographic measurements of the hindfoot and influence clinical and functional outcomes. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (27 feet) were reviewed. Hindfoot radiographic analysis was based on seven measurements. Clinical and functional outcomes were evaluated with self-reported questionnaires. Transfer metatarsalgia was also assessed. Correlation analysis was performed according to variations of the studied variables. RESULTS: The average extension of the M1 was 4.26 degrees (p < 0.001). None of the hindfoot radiographic measurements changed significantly (p = 0.13, p = 0.50, p = 0.19, p = 0.70, p = 0.11, p = 0.36, p = 0.83). Patients improved on most questionnaires (p < 0.001). None presented transfer metatarsalgia. No correlation between M1 extension and clinical and functional outcomes was found. CONCLUSION: Possibly there is a tolerance of M1 extension in which it does not alter the radiographic measurements of the hindfoot, overload the lesser metatarsals, or compromise clinical and functional outcomes.


Subject(s)
Hallux Valgus , Metatarsal Bones , Metatarsalgia , Humans , Metatarsal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Hallux Valgus/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Metatarsalgia/diagnostic imaging , Metatarsalgia/etiology , Metatarsalgia/surgery
4.
Foot Ankle Spec ; : 19386400231206285, 2023 Oct 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37876158

ABSTRACT

This study reports the clinical outcomes and evolution of 4 patients with subungual glomus tumor (GT) of the hallux treated with tumor excision. Preoperatively, all patients had pain of intensity 9 or 10. Three were sensitive to cold and had stabbing pain, and one reported pulsatile pain. No patient presented nail alterations. There were no bone alterations on radiographic images and diagnostic suspicion of GT was supported by magnetic resonance images. Surgical treatment was indicated due to severe pain and functional limitation. The GT excision was performed by removing the nail through an L-shaped incision in the nail bed. After surgery, they all showed clinical improvement with return to previous activities and had no difficulty in wearing regular shoes. Three patients were pain-free and one had occasional stabbing pain of intensity 2. Half of them had nail changes. There has been no recurrence so far. Thus, we found that resection of subungual GT of the hallux was effective for the clinical improvement of patients.Level of Evidence: IV, case reports.

5.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 21: eAO0162, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37820199

ABSTRACT

Miranda et al. reported a correlation between the significance of injuries to osseous, chondral, tendon, and ligamentous tissues in participants with low-grade versus high-grade acute ankle sprains. They demonstrated that participants with high-grade ankle sprains presented with shorter calcaneonavicular distances and increased rates of structural abnormalities compared to those with low-grade sprains. Special attention should be paid to acute ankle sprains in emergency settings to avoid failure in detecting severe injuries that could lead to chronic pain, impairment, or instability. Participants presenting acute ankle sprains (<15 days) were divided into low-grade versus high-grade sprain,according to the presence of a complete tear in at least one component of lateral ligament complex. High-grade ankle sprains group presented increased rates of medial malleolus bone bruise, deltoid ligament tears,extensor retinaculum lesions, and articular effusion. The calcaneonavicular distance was statistically shorter in patients with high-grade sprains (median, 3.0mm) when compared to those with low-grade sprains (median, 4.0mm) Objective: To correlate the significance of osseous, chondral, tendon, and ligamentous injuries with anatomical variations in low-grade versus high-grade acute ankle sprains. METHODS: We retrospectively identified the magnetic resonance imaging findings of acute ankle sprains (<15 days). Participants with a history of previous sprains, arthritis, tumors, infections, or inflammatory conditions were excluded. Images were independently evaluated by two musculoskeletal radiologists and assessed for osseous, chondral, tendon, and ligamentous injuries and anatomical variations. Participants were divided into low-grade versus high-grade sprain groups, according to the presence of a complete tear in at least one component of the lateral ligament complex. RESULTS: The final study group comprised 100 magnetic resonance images (mean age, 36 years), the majority of males (54%), the right ankle (52%), and a mean sprain duration of 5 days. Participants with high-grade sprains presented with increased rates of medial malleolus edema (p<0.001), moderate and large articular effusions (p=0.041), and shorter calcaneonavicular distance (p=0.008). Complete tears of the anterior talofibular ligament and calcaneofibular ligaments were observed in 100% and 51.2% of the participants in the High-Grade Group, respectively. The deltoid ligament complex was partially torn in this group (55.8% versus 8.8%, p<0.001). Extensor tendon retinaculum lesions occurred significantly more frequently in this group (41.9%) compared to the overall study population (23%) (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Participants with high-grade ankle sprains presented with shorter calcaneonavicular distances and increased rates of medial malleolus edema, deltoid complex partial tears, extensor retinaculum lesions, and articular effusion.


Subject(s)
Ankle Injuries , Sprains and Strains , Male , Humans , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Sprains and Strains/diagnostic imaging , Sprains and Strains/pathology , Ankle Joint/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Ankle Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Rupture/pathology , Edema/pathology
6.
Foot Ankle Surg ; 29(6): 481-487, 2023 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37407353

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical, functional and radiographic outcomes in patients who underwent the original Lapidus procedure (OLP) with fusion and undesired non-fusion between the first (M1) and second (M2) metatarsals. METHODS: A retrospective and comparative analysis of 29 patients (38 feet) who underwent the OLP was performed. They were divided in two groups: (1) 23 feet in which fusion occurred and (2) 15 with undesired non-fusion. Clinical and functional data were assessed with the VAS for pain, AOFAS, LEFS and SF-12. SF-12 comprises physical and mental health scales (PCS-12 and MCS-12). Radiographic parameters assessed were bony and soft tissue forefoot widths (BSFW), intermetatarsal-angle (IMA) and HV-angle (HVA). RESULTS: Separately, the groups presented significant improvements in all questionnaires (p < 0.001), except on MCS-12 (fusion p = 0.08 and non-fusion p = 0.27). When comparing both groups, patients with fusion had higher AOFAS scores (p < 0.05). Both groups presented the same improvements on BSFW, IMA and HVA (p = 0.09, p = 0.16, p = 0.52 and p = 0.63). CONCLUSION: Excellent results were observed, even when without fusion between M1 and M2. Patients who evolved with fusion between the M1 and M2 showed greater improvements in the AOFAS score. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III, retrospective comparative study.


Subject(s)
Hallux Valgus , Metatarsal Bones , Humans , Metatarsal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Radiography , Metatarsus
7.
Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol ; 33(7): 2853-2858, 2023 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36871250

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of variations in bony and soft tissue foot widths on clinical and functional outcomes after hallux valgus correction with the Lapidus procedure. METHODS: Forty-three feet in 35 patients with a mean follow-up of 18.5 months undergoing the LP were reviewed. Clinical and functional data were assessed with the VAS for pain, AOFAS Scale, LEFS and SF-12 health survey, which is divided into physical and mental health composite scales (PCS-12 and MCS-12). Radiographic analysis of forefoot width was based on bony and soft tissue limits. Intermetatarsal-angle and HV-angle were also assessed. RESULTS: Bony width changed significantly from 95.5 mm to 84.2 mm (11.8%) and soft tissue width from 107.12 mm to 100.84 mm (5.86%) (p < 0.001). IMA and HVA improved significantly. Significant clinical and functional improvements were observed, except in MCS-12. In simple linear regression, correlation was found between variations of bony width with Δ-AOFAS and Δ-PCS-12, meaning that as the forefoot narrows, their values increase (p = 0.02 and p = 0.005, respectively). It was also related to Δ-IMA, meaning that the forefoot narrows as these parameters improve (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001). Soft tissue width was related to Δ-PCS-12 and Δ-AIM. In multiple linear regression, the strongest correlation was between bony width variation and Δ-IMA (p = 0.029, r2 = 0.22). CONCLUSION: Forefoot narrowing was correlated with improved clinical and functional outcomes, as measured by AOFAS and PCS-12. In addition, correction of the radiographic parameters, mainly IMA, reflected on a significant decrease in the forefoot width.


Subject(s)
Hallux Valgus , Metatarsal Bones , Orthopedic Procedures , Humans , Treatment Outcome , Hallux Valgus/diagnostic imaging , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Foot , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Hand , Retrospective Studies , Metatarsal Bones/surgery
8.
Foot Ankle Spec ; 16(2): 159-167, 2023 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35993303

ABSTRACT

The modified Lapidus procedure (MLP), which consists of fusion between the first metatarsal (M1) and medial cuneiform, has been widely performed with satisfactory clinical outcomes, but it has a variable nonunion rate ranging between 4% and 10% and loss of correction in up to 5.8% of the cases. Excessive motion around the site of tarsometatarsal arthrodesis, specially at the intercuneiform joint, is probably the reason. The original Lapidus procedure (OLP), which includes fusion of the M1 to second metatarsal (M2), may be beneficial in preventing nonunion and recurrence. The objective of this study was to describe intraoperative technical tips in the OLP to improve M1 to M2 fusion, which may prevent complications. Since the Lapidus procedure continues to gain popularity, it is the authors opinion that the OLP requires special attention because it is a more technically demanding surgery compared to the MLP.Level of Evidence: Level V: Expert opinion.


Subject(s)
Hallux Valgus , Metatarsal Bones , Tarsal Joints , Humans , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Arthrodesis/methods , Tarsal Joints/surgery
9.
Foot Ankle Spec ; 16(4): 402-405, 2023 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113026

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive approaches for the Achilles tendon have emerged as viable alternatives for acute Achilles ruptures, with several potential benefits in comparison to the open approach. Occasionally, proper purchase in the proximal tendon stump is not achieved due to severe degenerative disease of the tendon. In this article, we present a technique in which a small accessory incision is used during percutaneous Achilles repair in order to pass the sutures in a more proximal and healthy area of the tendon. This technique is useful for situations in which adequate tendon grasp is not obtained, avoiding the need of conversion to an open approach.Level of Evidence: Level V: Expert opinion.


Subject(s)
Achilles Tendon , Tendon Injuries , Humans , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Suture Techniques , Rupture/surgery , Sutures , Treatment Outcome
10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 21: eAO0162, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514105

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To correlate the significance of osseous, chondral, tendon, and ligamentous injuries with anatomical variations in low-grade versus high-grade acute ankle sprains. Methods We retrospectively identified the magnetic resonance imaging findings of acute ankle sprains (<15 days). Participants with a history of previous sprains, arthritis, tumors, infections, or inflammatory conditions were excluded. Images were independently evaluated by two musculoskeletal radiologists and assessed for osseous, chondral, tendon, and ligamentous injuries and anatomical variations. Participants were divided into low-grade versus high-grade sprain groups, according to the presence of a complete tear in at least one component of the lateral ligament complex. Results The final study group comprised 100 magnetic resonance images (mean age, 36 years), the majority of males (54%), the right ankle (52%), and a mean sprain duration of 5 days. Participants with high-grade sprains presented with increased rates of medial malleolus edema (p<0.001), moderate and large articular effusions (p=0.041), and shorter calcaneonavicular distance (p=0.008). Complete tears of the anterior talofibular ligament and calcaneofibular ligaments were observed in 100% and 51.2% of the participants in the High-Grade Group, respectively. The deltoid ligament complex was partially torn in this group (55.8% versus 8.8%, p<0.001). Extensor tendon retinaculum lesions occurred significantly more frequently in this group (41.9%) compared to the overall study population (23%) (p<0.001). Conclusion Participants with high-grade ankle sprains presented with shorter calcaneonavicular distances and increased rates of medial malleolus edema, deltoid complex partial tears, extensor retinaculum lesions, and articular effusion.

11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36483392

ABSTRACT

Objective: We sought to determine whether an electronic hand hygiene (HH) system could monitor HH compliance at similar rates to direct human observation. Methods: This 4-year proof-of-concept study was conducted in an intensive care unit (ICU) of a private tertiary-care hospital in São Paulo, Brazil, where electronic HH systems were installed in 2 rooms. HH compliance was reported respectively using direct observation and electronic counter devices with an infrared system for detecting HH opportunities. Results: In phase 1, HH compliance by human observers was 56.3% (564 of 1,001 opportunities), while HH compliance detected by the electronic observer was 51.0% (515 of 1,010 opportunities). In phase 2, human observers registered 484 HH opportunities with a HH compliance rate of 64.7% (313 of 484) versus 70.6% (346 of 490) simultaneously detected by the electronic system. In addition, an enhanced HH electronic system monitored activity 24 hours per day and HH compliance without the presence of a human observer was 40.3% (10,642 of 26,421 opportunities), providing evidence for the Hawthorne effect. Conclusions: The electronic HH monitoring system had good correlation with human HH observation, but compliance was remarkably lower when human observers were not present due to the Hawthorne effect (25%-30% absolute difference). Electronic monitoring systems can replace direct observation and can markedly reduce the Hawthorne effect.

12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36483415

ABSTRACT

Background: Most hand hygiene (HH) intervention studies use a quasi-experimental design, are primarily uncontrolled before-and-after studies, or are controlled before-and-after studies with a nonequivalent control group. Well-funded studies with improved designs and HH interventions are needed. Objectives: To evaluate healthcare worker (HCW) HH compliance with alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) through direct observation (human observer), 2 electronic technologies, a radio frequency identification (RFID) badge system, and an invasive device sensor. Methods: In our controlled experimental study, 2,269 observations were made over a 6-month period from July 1 to December 30, 2020, in a 4-bed intensive care unit. We compared HH compliance between a basic feedback loop system with RFID badges and an enhanced feedback loop system that utilized sensors on invasive devices. Results: Real-time feedback by wireless technology connected to a patient's invasive device (enhanced feedback loop) resulted in a significant increase in HH compliance (69.5% in the enhanced group vs 59.1% in the basic group; P = .0001). Conclusion: An enhanced feedback loop system connected to invasive devices, providing real-time alerts to HCWs, is effective in improving HH compliance.

13.
J ISAKOS ; 7(5): 90-94, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35774008

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The evidence supporting best practice guidelines in the field of cartilage repair of the ankle are based on both low quality and low levels of evidence. Therefore, an international consensus group of experts was convened to collaboratively advance toward consensus opinions based on the best available evidence on key topics within cartilage repair of the ankle. The purpose of this article is to report the consensus statements on "Pediatric Ankle Cartilage Lesions" developed at the 2019 International Consensus Meeting on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle. METHODS: Forty-three international experts in cartilage repair of the ankle representing 20 countries convened to participate in a process based on the Delphi method of achieving consensus. Questions and statements were drafted within four working groups focusing on specific topics within cartilage repair of the ankle, after which a comprehensive literature review was performed and the available evidence for each statement was graded. Discussion and debate occurred in cases where statements were not agreed upon in unanimous fashion within the working groups. A final vote was then held, and the strength of consensus was characterised as follows: consensus: 51-74%; strong consensus: 75-99%; unanimous: 100%. RESULTS: A total of 12 statements on paediatric ankle cartilage lesions reached consensus during the 2019 International Consensus Meeting on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle. Five achieved unanimous support, and seven reached strong consensus (>75% agreement). All statements reached at least 84% agreement. CONCLUSIONS: This international consensus derived from leaders in the field will assist clinicians with the management of paediatric ankle cartilage lesions.


Subject(s)
Ankle Injuries , Cartilage, Articular , Humans , Child , Ankle , Cartilage, Articular/surgery , Ankle Injuries/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery
14.
Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) ; 57(3): 496-501, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785127

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the results obtained from the surgical treatment of malleolar ankle fractures associated with distal tibiofibular syndesmosis (DTFS) injury submitted to conventional surgical procedure for fracture fixation and DTFS fixation by suture button (SB). Methods Forty-nine patients were retrospectively evaluated, with a mean age of 45 years old and a mean follow-up of 34.1 months. Clinical and functional evaluation was based on the visual analogue scale (VAS) and on the American Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) for ankle and hindfoot, return to routine activities, and return to sport. Results The postoperative mean AOFAS and VAS were, respectively, 97.06 (confidence interval [CI 95%: 95.31-98.81] and 0.16 [CI 95% 0,04 - 0,29]. All patients returned to previous daily activities, and only 12 showed some residual symptom. There was no postoperative instability in any patient. Forty-six patients returned to sports activities and, of these, only 1 did not return to the level prior to the injury. Only two patients presented SB-related alterations. There was no report of dissatisfaction. Conclusion In malleolar fractures of the ankle with DTFS injury, the fixation of syndesmosis with SB demonstrated excellent postoperative results. Level of Evidence IV, retrospective case series.

15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 496-501, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388022

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the results obtained from the surgical treatment of malleolar ankle fractures associated with distal tibiofibular syndesmosis (DTFS) injury submitted to conventional surgical procedure for fracture fixation and DTFS fixation by suture button (SB). Methods Forty-nine patients were retrospectively evaluated, with a mean age of 45 years old and a mean follow-up of 34.1 months. Clinical and functional evaluation was based on the visual analogue scale (VAS) and on the American Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS) for ankle and hindfoot, return to routine activities, and return to sport. Results The postoperative mean AOFAS and VAS were, respectively, 97.06 (confidence interval [CI 95%: 95.31-98.81] and 0.16 [CI 95% 0,04 - 0,29]. All patients returned to previous daily activities, and only 12 showed some residual symptom. There was no postoperative instability in any patient. Forty-six patients returned to sports activities and, of these, only 1 did not return to the level prior to the injury. Only two patients presented SB-related alterations. There was no report of dissatisfaction. Conclusion In malleolar fractures of the ankle with DTFS injury, the fixation of syndesmosis with SB demonstrated excellent postoperative results. Level of Evidence IV, retrospective case series.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados obtidos do tratamento cirúrgico das fraturas maleolares do tornozelo associadas a lesão da sindesmose tibiofibular distal (STFD) submetidas a procedimento cirúrgico convencional de fixação da fratura e fixação da STFD pelo suture button (SB). Métodos Avaliou-se retrospectivamente 49 pacientes com uma média de idade de 45 anos e seguimento médio de 34,1 meses. A avaliação clínica e funcional foi baseada na escala visual analógica (EVA) e na escala American Foot and Ankle Society Score (AOFAS, na sigla em inglês) para tornozelo e retropé, retorno às atividades da rotina e retorno ao esporte. Resultados As médias pós-operatórias das escalas AOFAS e EVA foram, respectivamente, 97,06 (índice de confiança [IC 95%: 95,31 - 98,81] e 0,16 [IC 95% 0,04 - 0,29]. Todos os pacientes retornaram às atividades prévias do cotidiano, sendo que apenas 12 apresentaram algum sintoma residual. Não se verificou instabilidade pós-operatória em nenhum paciente. Ao todo, 46 pacientes retornaram às atividades desportivas e, destes, apenas 1 não retornou ao nível prévio à lesão. Apenas dois pacientes apresentaram alterações relacionadas ao SB. Não houve relato de insatisfação. Conclusão Em fraturas maleolares do tornozelo com lesão da STFD, a fixação da sindesmose com o SB demonstrou excelentes resultados pós-operatórios. Nível de Evidência IV, série de casos retrospectiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Aftercare , Ankle Fractures/surgery , Ankle Fractures/rehabilitation , Ankle Joint/surgery
16.
J ISAKOS ; 7(2): 62-66, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546437

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The evidence supporting best practice guidelines in the field of cartilage repair of the ankle is based on both low quality and low levels of evidence. Therefore, an international consensus group of experts was convened to collaboratively advance toward consensus opinions based on the best available evidence on key topics within cartilage repair of the ankle. The purpose of this article is to report the consensus statements on "terminology for osteochondral lesions of the ankle" developed at the 2019 International Consensus Meeting on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle. METHODS: Forty-three international experts in cartilage repair of the ankle representing 20 countries were convened and participated in a process based on the Delphi method of achieving consensus. Questions and statements were drafted within four working groups focusing on specific topics within cartilage repair of the ankle, after which a comprehensive literature review was performed, and the available evidence for each statement was graded. Discussion and debate occurred in cases where statements were not agreed on in unanimous fashion within the working groups. A final vote was then held, and the strength of consensus was characterised as follows: consensus, 51%-74%; strong consensus, 75%-99%; unanimous, 100%. RESULTS: A total of 11 statements on terminology and classification reached consensus during the 2019 International Consensus Meeting on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle. Definitions are provided for osseous, chondral and osteochondral lesions, as well as bone marrow stimulation and injury chronicity, among others. An osteochondral lesion of the talus can be abbreviated as OLT. CONCLUSIONS: This international consensus derived from leaders in the field will assist clinicians with the appropriate terminology for osteochondral lesions of the ankle.


Subject(s)
Ankle Injuries , Cartilage, Articular , Intra-Articular Fractures , Talus , Ankle , Ankle Injuries/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , Cartilage, Articular/injuries , Cartilage, Articular/surgery , Humans , Talus/injuries , Talus/surgery
17.
Am J Infect Control ; 50(5): 585-587, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35114323

ABSTRACT

The current COVID-19 pandemic has heightened the focus on infection prevention in hospitals. We evaluated hand hygiene compliance with alcohol-based hand rub via electronic observation among healthcare workers in an intensive care unit from 2017 to 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic was not associated with an increase in hand hygiene compliance.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cross Infection , Hand Hygiene , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross Infection/epidemiology , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Guideline Adherence , Hand Disinfection , Health Personnel , Humans , Infection Control , Intensive Care Units , Pandemics/prevention & control
18.
Foot Ankle Int ; 43(3): 448-452, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983250

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: An international consensus group of experts was convened to collaboratively advance toward consensus opinions based on the best available evidence on key topics within cartilage repair of the ankle. The purpose of this article is to present the consensus statements on osteochondral lesions of the tibial plafond (OLTP) and on ankle instability with ankle cartilage lesions developed at the 2019 International Consensus Meeting on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle. METHODS: Forty-three experts in cartilage repair of the ankle were convened and participated in a process based on the Delphi method of achieving consensus. Questions and statements were drafted within 4 working groups focusing on specific topics within cartilage repair of the ankle, after which a comprehensive literature review was performed and the available evidence for each statement was graded. Discussion and debate occurred in cases where statements were not agreed on in unanimous fashion within the working groups. A final vote was then held. RESULTS: A total of 11 statements on OLTP reached consensus. Four achieved unanimous support and 7 reached strong consensus (greater than 75% agreement). A total of 8 statements on ankle instability with ankle cartilage lesions reached consensus during the 2019 International Consensus Meeting on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle. One achieved unanimous support, and seven reached strong consensus (greater than 75% agreement). CONCLUSION: These consensus statements may assist clinicians in the management of these difficult clinical pathologies. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, mechanism-based reasoning.


Subject(s)
Ankle Injuries , Cartilage, Articular , Joint Instability , Ankle , Ankle Injuries/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , Cartilage, Articular/surgery , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery
19.
Foot Ankle Surg ; 28(4): 438-444, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474967

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the variation of the first metatarsal (M1) sagittal alignment after the Lapidus procedure (LP) on clinical and functional outcomes, and transfer metatarsalgia. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients who underwent a LP, with a mean follow-up of 20 months, were reviewed. Radiographic, clinical and functional measurements were compared. Clinical and functional questionnaires applied were the visual analogue scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scale, lower extremity functional scale (LEFS) and SF-12, which is divided in physical (PCS-12) and mental-health (MCS-12) scales. Radiographic analysis of M1 sagittal alignment was based on the first metatarsal declination angle (FMDA) and Meary Angle (MA). Intermetatarsal angle (IMA) and hallux valgus angle (HVA) were also measured. RESULTS: FMDA, IMA and HVA showed significant variation, but MA did not. Clinical and functional improvements were observed, except in MCS-12. No patient developed transfer metatarsalgia. A direct correlation was found between Δ-FMDA with Δ-PCS-12 and Δ-LEFS, meaning that excessive M1 dorsiflexion as measured by FMDA led to a decrease in PCS-12 and LEFS. Patients with Δ-FMDA of up to 3.2° of dorsiflexion were those who had significant improvements. CONCLUSION: Dorsiflexion of M1 can lead to decreased outcomes as measured by PCS-12 and LEFS. However, satisfactory outcomes can be obtained even with some dorsal deviation of the M1. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV, retrospective case series.


Subject(s)
Bunion , Hallux Valgus , Metatarsal Bones , Metatarsalgia , Hallux Valgus/diagnostic imaging , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Humans , Metatarsal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Metatarsalgia/diagnostic imaging , Metatarsalgia/etiology , Metatarsalgia/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Int Orthop ; 45(11): 2927-2931, 2021 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To correlate first metatarsal (M1) shortening with transfer metatarsalgia, and clinical and functional outcomes in patients who underwent the Lapidus procedure (LP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 29 patients who were submitted to the LP for HV correction. The average follow-up was 20 months. M1 length was analyzed using the Relative First Metatarsal Length (RML) measurement. Intermetatarsal angle (IMA) and hallux valgus angle (HVA) were also measured. Clinical and functional analyses were based on the visual analogue scale (VAS), Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), and Short-form 12 (SF-12) health survey. SF-12 is divided into physical (PCS-12) and mental health (MCS-12) composite scales. Transfer metatarsalgia was diagnosed by the clinical exam. Radiographic, clinical, and functional outcomes were compared using paired Wilcoxon's and Student's t tests. Inter-observer reliability of RML measures was calculated using Intraclass Correlation Coefficients (ICC). The correlation between RML and the clinical and functional questionnaires was assessed with the Spearman's Rho test. RESULTS: There was a significant M1 shortening of 2.3 mm (p < 0.05), with mean preoperative RML of 3 mm and mean post-operative of 5.3 mm. None of the patients evolved with transfer metatarsalgia. ICC of the RML measures presented excellent reliability. IMA and HVA showed improvements (p < 0.05). Clinical and functional improvements were observed in all questionnaires applied, except in the MCS-12. In the linear regression, RML was inversely correlated to LEFS (p < 0.05), which means that LEFS scores increased as RML measurements decreased. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated that M1 shortening led to a decreased LEFS following the LP.


Subject(s)
Hallux Valgus , Metatarsal Bones , Hallux Valgus/diagnostic imaging , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Humans , Metatarsal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Radiography , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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