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1.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 22(1): 42, 2024 Apr 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610057

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is the primary treatment for Kawasaki disease (KD). However, 10-20% of KD patients show no response to IVIG treatment, making the early prediction of IVIG resistance a key focus of KD research. Our aim is to explore the application of the C-reactive protein to albumin ratio (CAR) for predicting IVIG resistance in children with KD through meta-analysis. METHODS: Cochrane Library, PubMed, MEDLINE, EMbase, CNKI, WanFang, the Chinese Biomedical Database, and CQVIP were searched up to November 2023 for cohort studies on predicting IVIG-resistant KD using the CAR. Articles were selected based on pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria after extracting literature data and assessing them using the QUADAS-2.0 tool for evaluating the accuracy of diagnostic tests. Stata 15.0 software was used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: Four Chinese and English literature reports were included in this meta-analysis. The results revealed the presence of a threshold effect and high heterogeneity among the included studies. The combined sensitivity for CAR predicting IVIG-resistant KD was calculated as 0.65 (95% CI 0.58-0.72), specificity as 0.71 (95% CI 0.57-0.81), and the area under the curve (AUC) as 0.70 (95% CI 0.66-0.74) using the random-effects model. The combined positive likelihood ratio was 2.22 (95% CI 1.35-3.65), the combined negative likelihood ratio was 0.49 (95% CI 0.35-0.69), and the diagnostic odds ratio was 5 (95% CI 2-10). CONCLUSION: CAR is an auxiliary predictive indicator with moderate diagnostic value that provides guidance in the early treatment of the disease, demonstrating a certain predictive value that warrants further investigation. However, CAR cannot yet be considered as a definitive diagnostic or exclusionary marker for IVIG-resistant KD. Therefore, multi-center, large sample, and high-quality long-term follow-up trials are warranted to confirm the current findings.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Child , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/diagnosis , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/drug therapy , Albumins , Cohort Studies
2.
J Therm Biol ; 121: 103839, 2024 Mar 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569325

ABSTRACT

The environmental quality, in terms of acoustic, visual, and thermal environments, significantly affects people's comfort levels. Along these lines, in this work, their comprehensive impact on people's overall comfort was systematically explored. Pedestrians' outdoor neutral points on various environmental parameters were found by performing linear regressions. Similarly, people's thermal perceptions (indicated by neutral temperatures, NT) were found to vary for both acoustic and light environments. They would be increasingly heat sensitive (R2 increases) in a noisier environment while the NTs varied for either sound or light intensity levels. From our analysis, it was demonstrated that people's overall comforts were negatively correlated with these parameters in different degrees. This work provides valuable insights for future urban design and planning studies to create better outdoor environments.

3.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(3): 687-698, 2024 Mar 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577442

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Alcian blue (AB) and periodic acid Schiff (PAS) stains are representative mucus markers in gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC). They are low-cost special staining methods used to detect acidic mucus and neutral mucus, respectively. However, the clinical importance of the special combined AB and PAS stain is unclear. AIM: To investigate AB expression, PAS expression and the AB-to-PAS (A/P) ratio in gastric SRCC patients and to assess patient prognosis. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded sections from 83 patients with gastric SRCC were stained with AB and PAS, and signet ring cell positivity was assessed quantitatively. Immunohistochemical staining for Ki67, protein 53 (P53) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) was performed simultaneously. The cancer-specific survival (CSS) rate was estimated via Kaplan-Meier analysis. Cox proportional hazards models were used for univariate and multivariate survival analyses. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the 3-year CSS rate was significantly greater in the high-PAS-expression subgroup than in the low-PAS-expression subgroup (P < 0.001). The 3-year CSS rate in the A/P ≤ 0.5 group was significantly greater than that in the A/P > 0.5 group (P = 0.042). Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the factors affecting prognosis included tumor diameter, lymph node metastasis, vessel carcinoma embolus, tumor stage, the A/P ratio and the expression of Ki67, P53 and the PAS. Cox multivariate regression analysis confirmed that low PAS expression [hazard ratio (HR) = 3.809, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.563-9.283, P = 0.003] and large tumor diameter (HR = 2.761, 95%CI: 1.086-7.020, P = 0.033) were independent risk factors for poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: A/P > 0.5 is potentially a risk factor for prognosis, and low PAS expression is an independent risk factor in the prognosis of gastric SRCC. PAS expression and the A/P ratio could help in predicting the clinical prognosis of patients with SRCC.

4.
J Genet ; 1032024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562040

ABSTRACT

Intellectual developmental disorder, X-linked 104 (XLID104), caused by the FRMPD4 gene variant, is a rare X-linked genetic disease that primarily manifests as intellectual disability (ID) and language delay, and may be accompanied by behavioural abnormalities. Currently, only 11 patients from four families have been reported to carry FRMPD4 gene variants. Here, we report a rare case of a Chinese patient with XLID104 who was presented with severe ID and language impairment. Genetic testing results showed that the patient had a novel hemizygous variant on FRMPD4 inherited from the heterozygous variant NM_001368397: c.1772A>C (p.Glu591Ala) carried by his mother. To our knowledge, this variant has not been reported previously. Western blot results for the recombinant plasmid constructed in vitro indicated that the expression of the mutant protein may be reduced. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we predicted that the mutant protein may affect the interaction of the FRMPD4 protein with DLG4. In this study, we expand the spectrum of FRMPD4 variants and suggest that the clinical awareness of the genetic diagnosis of nonsyndromic ID should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked , Intellectual Disability , Child , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , FERM Domains , Genes, X-Linked , Genetic Diseases, X-Linked/genetics , Mutant Proteins/genetics
5.
Langmuir ; 2024 Apr 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595052

ABSTRACT

In the present study, a novel silane coupling agent, designated INSi, was synthesized via a facile synthetic route, incorporating indole-functional moieties. This agent was further employed for the surface modification of homemade silica nanomicrospheres (SMPs). The ensuing nanomicrosphere composite, denoted as SiO2@IN, exemplified pronounced interfacial π-π interactions. Optimization of the reaction conditions was conducted using the response surface optimization technique. Subsequent validation of interfacial π-π interactions was accomplished through a synergistic approach, integrating theoretical calculations and comprehensive analyses of spectral and morphological attributes exhibited by the SiO2@IN.

6.
J Chem Inf Model ; 64(7): 2125-2128, 2024 Apr 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587006
7.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2024 Apr 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587602

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in combination with chemotherapy have showed its benefits in clinical studies, and here we conducted a further evaluation on the safety and efficacy of this treatment strategy. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library to identify clinical studies on ICIs and chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer. The primary efficacy endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), and adverse events (AEs) were analyzed. Random or fixed effects models were used to estimate pooled Hazard ratio (HR), odds ratio (OR) and the data of 95% confidence interval (CI) depend on the Heterogeneity. Cochrane risk assessment tool was used to assess risk of bias. We also drew forest plots and funnel plots, respectively. RESULTS: Seven studies with intend-to-treat (ITT) population for 3255 patients were analyzed. ICIs pooled therapy showed clinical benefits compared with chemotherapy alone, improving PFS (HR = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.74-0.90) of patients with metastatic triple negative breast cancer (mTNBC), especially in patients with PD-L1-positive tumors. However, it had no effect on OS (HR = 0.92, 95% CI 0.85-1.01). Besides, mTNBC patients received pooled therapy were less frequently to have AEs (OR = 1.30, 95% CI: 1.09-1.54). In patients with metastatic Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) negative breast cancer, pooled therapy showed no benefit for PFS (HR = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.50-1.28) and OS (HR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.48-1.58). CONCLUSION: Pooled therapy had improved PFS in mTNBC patients, especially in patients with PD-L1-positive tumors, and it was less likely to cause grade ≥ 3 AEs.

8.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 162024 Apr 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613801

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a refractory disease with complex pathogenesis, and its pathogenesis is not clear. The present study aimed to investigate the potential target and related mechanism of Compound Sophora Decoction (CSD) in treating UC. METHODS: A network pharmacology approach predicted the components and targets of CSD to treat UC, and cell and animal experiments confirmed the findings of the approach and a new target for CSD treatment of UC. RESULTS: A total of 155 potential targets were identified for CSD treatment of UC, with some related to macrophage polarization, such as nitric oxide synthase (NOS2), also known as inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). GO and KEGG enrichment analysis indicated that oxidative stress response and multiple inflammatory signaling pathways such as TNF-α may play a significant role. In vitro experiments revealed that Interferon-stimulated DNA (ISD) interference can cause polarization imbalances in Raw 264.7 and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). Flow cytometry demonstrated that polarization of macrophages in the intestine, spleen, and lymph nodes in vivo was also unbalanced after dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) modeling with pathological intestinal injury. Both in vitro and in vivo studies indicated that after inducing inflammation, the levels of macrophage polarization-related markers (iNOS and Arg1) and inflammation-related factors (CCL17, IL10, TNF-α, and CXCL10) changed, accompanied by increased expression of cGAS. However, CSD treatment based on inflammation can inhibit the expression of cGAS protein and mRNA, lower the level of inflammatory factors, promote the expression of anti-inflammatory factors, and regulate macrophage polarization. CONCLUSION: We concluded that CSD alleviated DSS-induced UC by inhibiting cGAS, thus regulating macrophage polarization.

9.
Lancet Infect Dis ; 2024 Apr 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614117

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Oka varicella vaccine strain remains neurovirulent and can establish lifelong latent infection, raising safety concerns about vaccine-related herpes zoster. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of a skin-attenuated and neuro-attenuated varicella vaccine candidate (v7D vaccine). METHODS: We did this randomised, double-blind, controlled, phase 2a clinical trial in Jiangsu, China. Healthy children aged 3-12 years with no history of varicella infection or vaccination were enrolled and randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) to receive a single subcutaneous injection of the v7D vaccine at 3·3 log10 plaque forming units (PFU; low-dose v7D group), 3·9 log10 PFU (medium-dose v7D group), and 4·2 log10 PFU (high-dose v7D group), or the positive control varicella vaccine (vOka vaccine group). All the participants, laboratory personnel, and investigators other than the vaccine preparation and management staff were masked to the vaccine allocation. The primary outcome was assessment of the geometric mean titres (GMTs) and seroconversion rates of anti-varicella zoster virus immunoglobulin G (IgG) induced by different dose groups of v7D vaccine at 0, 42, 60, and 90 days after vaccination in the per-protocol set for humoral immune response analysis. Safety was a secondary outcome, focusing on adverse events within 42 days post-vaccination, and serious adverse events within 6 months after vaccination. This study was registered on Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2000034434. FINDINGS: On Aug 18-21, 2020, 842 eligible volunteers were enrolled and randomly assigned treatment. After three participants withdrew, 839 received a low dose (n=211), middle dose (n=210), or high dose (n=210) of v7D vaccine, or the vOka vaccine (n=208). In the per-protocol set for humoral immune response analysis, the anti-varicella zoster virus IgG antibody response was highest at day 90. At day 90, the seroconversion rates of the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose groups of v7D vaccine and the positive control vOka vaccine group were 100·0% (95% CI 95·8-100·0; 87 of 87 participants), 98·9% (93·8-100·0; 87 of 88 participants), 97·8% (92·4-99·7; 91 of 93 participants), and 96·4% (89·8-99·2; 80 of 83 participants), respectively; the GMTs corresponded to values of 30·8 (95% CI 26·2-36·0), 31·3 (26·7-36·6), 28·2 (23·9-33·2), and 38·5 (31·7-46·7). The v7D vaccine, at low dose and medium dose, elicited a humoral immune response similar to that of the vOka vaccine. However, the high-dose v7D vaccine induced a marginally lower GMT compared with the vOka vaccine at day 90 (p=0·027). In the per-protocol set, the three dose groups of the v7D vaccine induced a similar humoral immune response at each timepoint, with no statistically significant differences. The incidence of adverse reactions in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose groups of v7D vaccine was significantly lower than that in the vOka vaccine group (17% [35 of 211 participants], 20% [41 of 210 participants], and 13% [27 of 210 participants] vs 24% [50 of 208 participants], respectively; p=0·025), especially local adverse reactions (10% [22 of 211 participants], 14% [30 of 210 participants] and 9% [18 of 210 participants] vs 18% [38 of 208 participants], respectively; p=0·016). None of the serious adverse events were vaccine related. INTERPRETATION: The three dose groups of the candidate v7D vaccine exhibit similar humoral immunogenicity to the vOka vaccine and are well tolerated. These findings encourage further investigations on two-dose vaccination schedules, efficacy, and the potential safety benefit of v7D vaccine in the future. FUNDING: The National Natural Science Foundation of China, CAMS Innovation Fund for Medical Sciences, the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, and Beijing Wantai. TRANSLATION: For the Chinese translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.

10.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 86: 105599, 2024 Apr 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare diet and the modified dietary inflammatory index (mDII) between individuals with pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (PoMS), monophasic acquired demyelinating syndromes (monoADS), and controls. METHODS: The association between diet, mDII, and disease status was examined in 131 individuals with PoMS/monoADS/controls (38/45/48) using logistic regression. RESULTS: The associations between diet and PoMS were modest, reaching significance for whole grain intake (adjusted odds ratio, aOR=0.964, 95 % confidence intervals, CI:0.934-0.995) but not mDII (aOR=1.20, 95 %CI:0.995-1.46) versus controls. No findings for monoADS reached significance versus controls. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with PoMS, but not monoADS, had lower dietary whole grain intake than controls.

11.
Light Sci Appl ; 13(1): 86, 2024 Apr 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589356

ABSTRACT

Crystalline white organic light-emitting diodes (C-WOLEDs) are promising candidates for lighting and display applications. It is urgently necessary, however, to develop energy-saving and high-efficiency C-WOLEDs that have stable and powerful emission to meet commercial demands. Here, we report a crystalline host matrix (CHM) with embedded nanoaggregates (NA) structure for developing high-performance C-WOLEDs by employing a thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) material and orange phosphorescent dopants (Phos.-D). The CHM-TADFNA-D WOLED exhibit a remarkable EQE of 12.8%, which is the highest performance WOLEDs based on crystalline materials. The device has a quick formation of excitons and a well-designed energy transfer process, and possesses a fast ramping of luminance and current density. Compared to recently reported high-performance WOLEDs based on amorphous material route, the C-WOLED achieves a low series-resistance Joule-heat loss ratio and an enhanced photon output, demonstrating its significant potential in developing the next-generation WOLEDs.

12.
ACS Omega ; 9(13): 15065-15073, 2024 Apr 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585096

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain particles with an optimal loading rate and encapsulation efficiency and to explore the effects of sodium alginate, carboxymethyl chitosan, and bentonite on the particle loading rate and encapsulation rate, the preparation parameters of particles were optimized by the response surface method. A series of particles with constantly changing components were prepared, and the particle loading rate and encapsulation rate were determined. The release experiment of granules in different mass release media was implemented, and the optimal loading rate and encapsulation efficiency of particles were used to control the fall armyworm (FAW). The results showed that when the amount of sodium alginate was 1.83%, that of carboxymethyl chitosan was 0.41% and that of bentonite was 0.37%. The maximum theoretical value based on the response surface simulation was 92.63%, and the actual value at this ratio was 91.61%, which was 98.90% of the theoretical value. The release assay indicated that the mechanism of particle release in 2, 4, and 6 mL of the release medium was non-Fickian diffusion, and the controlled mechanism in 25 mL of the medium was Fickian diffusion. The beads were spread directly into maize leaf whorls in field production; at 14 days after application, the efficacy reached 91.28-98.82%. The combination of emamectin benzoate and hexaflumuron granules has a good control effect on the FAW.

13.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 117(1): 48, 2024 Mar 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429402

ABSTRACT

A gram-stain-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped bacterial strain capable of producing siderophores, named YIM B08730T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from Wumeng Mountain National Nature Reserve, Zhaotong City, Yunnan Province. Growth occurred at 10-45 °C (optimum, 35-40 â„ƒ), pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum, 7.0) and in the presence of 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0-1 %, w/v). A comparative analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence (1558 bp) of strain YIM B08730T showed the highest similarity to Solibacillus isronensis JCM 13838T (96.2 %), followed by Solibacillus silvestris DSM 12223T (96.0 %) and Solibacillus kalamii ISSFR-015T (95.4 %). The main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylserine and one unidentified lipid. The main respiratory quinone of strain YIM B08730T was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0 and C16:1ω7c alcohol. The digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity values between strain YIM B08730T and the reference strain S. isronensis JCM 13838T were 24.8 % and 81.2 %, respectively. The G + C content of the genomic DNA was 37.1 mol%. The genome of the novel strain contained genes associated with the production of siderophores, and it also revealed other functional gene clusters involved in plant growth promotion and soil bioremediation. Based on these phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain YIM B08730T is considered to be a novel species of the genus Solibacillus, for which the name Solibacillus ferritrahens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM B08730T (= NBRC 116268T = CGMCC 1.60169T).


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Phospholipids , Phospholipids/analysis , Phylogeny , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , China , Bacteria/genetics , Soil
14.
World J Psychiatry ; 14(2): 276-286, 2024 Feb 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38464765

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Major depression disorder (MDD) constitutes a significant mental health concern. Epidemiological surveys indicate that the lifetime prevalence of depression in adolescents is much higher than that in adults, with a corresponding increased risk of suicide. In studying brain dysfunction associated with MDD in adole-scents, research on brain white matter (WM) is sparse. Some researchers even mistakenly regard the signals generated by the WM as noise points. In fact, studies have shown that WM exhibits similar blood oxygen level-dependent signal fluctuations. The alterations in WM signals and their relationship with disease severity in adolescents with MDD remain unclear. AIM: To explore potential abnormalities in WM functional signals in adolescents with MDD. METHODS: This study involved 48 adolescent patients with MDD and 31 healthy controls (HC). All participants were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Scale and the mini international neuropsychiatric interview (MINI) suicide inventory. In addition, a Siemens Skyra 3.0T magnetic resonance scanner was used to obtain the subjects' image data. The DPABI software was utilized to calculate the WM signal of the fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuations (fALFF) and regional homogeneity, followed by a two-sample t-test between the MDD and HC groups. Independent component analysis (ICA) was also used to evaluate the WM functional signal. Pearson's correlation was performed to assess the relationship between statistical test results and clinical scales. RESULTS: Compared to HC, individuals with MDD demonstrated a decrease in the fALFF of WM in the corpus callosum body, left posterior limb of the internal capsule, right superior corona radiata, and bilateral posterior corona radiata [P < 0.001, family-wise error (FWE) voxel correction]. The regional homogeneity of WM increased in the right posterior limb of internal capsule and left superior corona radiata, and decreased in the left superior longitudinal fasciculus (P < 0.001, FWE voxel correction). The ICA results of WM overlapped with those of regional homo-geneity. The fALFF of WM signal in the left posterior limb of the internal capsule was negatively correlated with the MINI suicide scale (P = 0.026, r = -0.32), and the right posterior corona radiata was also negatively correlated with the MINI suicide scale (P = 0.047, r = -0.288). CONCLUSION: Adolescents with MDD involves changes in WM functional signals, and these differences in brain regions may increase the risk of suicide.

15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467998

ABSTRACT

The poor conductivity, poor stability, and agglomeration of iron-based metal organic framework MIL-88A(Fe) limit its application as persulfate (PS) activator in water purification. Herein, MXene-supported MIL-88A(Fe) composites (M88A/MX) were synthesized to enhance its adsorption and catalytic capability for tetracycline (TC) removal. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FT-IR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to characterize prepared materials, confirming the successful attachment of MIL-88A(Fe) to the surface of MXene. M88A/MX-0.2 composites, prepared with 0.2 g MXene addition, exhibit optimal degradation efficiency, reaching 98% under conditions of 0.2 g/L M88A/MX-0.2, 1.0 mM PS, 20 ppm TC, and pH 5. The degradation rate constants of M88A/MX-0.2 were 0.03217 min-1, which was much higher than that of MIL-88A(Fe) (0.00159 min-1) and MXene (0.00626 min-1). The removal effects of reaction parameters, such as dosage of M88A/MX-0.2 and PS; initial solution pH; and the presence of the common co-existing constituents (humic acid and the inorganic anions) were investigated in detail. Additionally, the reuse of M88A/MX-0.2 showed that the composites had good cycling stability by recurrent experiments. The results of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and quenching experiments indicated that ·OH, ·SO4-, and ·O2- were involved in the M88A/MX-0.2/PS system where persulfate oxidation process was activated with prepared M88A/MX-0.2. In addition, the intermediates of photocatalytic degradation were determined by HPLC-MS, and the possible degradation pathways of the target molecules were inferred. This study offered a new avenue for sulfate-based degradation of Fe-based metal organic framework.

16.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 276, 2024 Mar 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481158

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Plant diseases caused by pathogenic fungi are devastating. However, commonly used fungicides are harmful to the environment, and some are becoming ineffective due to fungal resistance. Therefore, eco-friendly biological methods to control pathogenic fungi are urgently needed. RESULTS: In this study, a strain, Paenibacillus sp. lzh-N1, that could inhibit the growth of the pathogenic fungus Mycosphaerella sentina (Fr) Schrorter was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of pear trees, and the complete genome sequence of the strain was obtained, annotated, and analyzed to reveal the genetic foundation of its antagonistic ability. The entire genome of this strain contained a circular chromosome of 5,641,488 bp with a GC content of 45.50%. The results of species identification show that the strain belongs to the same species as P. polymyxa Sb3-1 and P. polymyxa CJX518. Sixteen secondary metabolic biosynthetic gene clusters were predicted by antiSMASH, including those of the antifungal peptides fusaricidin B and paenilarvins. In addition, biofilm formation-related genes containing two potential gene clusters for cyclic lactone autoinducer, a gene encoding S-ribosylhomocysteine lyase (LuxS), and three genes encoding exopolysaccharide biosynthesis protein were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Antifungal peptides and glucanase biosynthesized by Paenibacillus sp. lzh-N1 may be responsible for its antagonistic effect. Moreover, quorum sensing systems may influence the biocontrol activity of this strain directly or indirectly.


Subject(s)
Paenibacillus , Paenibacillus/genetics , Antifungal Agents/chemistry , Quorum Sensing , Genome, Bacterial
17.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2024 Mar 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497544

ABSTRACT

Damage caused by the rice striped stem borer (SSB), Chilo suppressalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), is much more severe on indica/xian rice than on japonica/geng rice (Oryza sativa) which matches pest outbreak data in cropping regions of China. The mechanistic basis of this difference among rice subspecies remains unclear. Using transcriptomic, metabolomic and genetic analyses in combination with insect bioassay experiments, we showed that japonica and indica rice utilise different defence responses to repel SSB, and that SSB exploited plant nutrition deficiencies in different ways in the subspecies. The more resistant japonica rice induced patterns of accumulation of methyl jasmonate (MeJA-part of a defensive pathway) and vitamin B1 (VB1 -a nutrition pathway) distinct from indica cultivars. Using gene-edited rice plants and SSB bioassays, we found that MeJA and VB1 jointly affected the performance of SSB by disrupting juvenile hormone levels. In addition, genetic variants of key biosynthesis genes in the MeJA and VB1 pathways (OsJMT and OsTH1, respectively) differed between japonica and indica rice and contributed to performance differences; in indica rice, SSB avoided the MeJA defence pathway and hijacked the VB1 nutrition-related pathway to promote development. The findings highlight important genetic and mechanistic differences between rice subspecies affecting SSB damage which could be exploited in plant breeding for resistance.

18.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 36(1): 71, 2024 Mar 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485798

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop and validate a nomogram for predicting the efficacy of transurethral surgery in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients. METHODS: Patients with BPH who underwent transurethral surgery in the West China Hospital and West China Shang Jin Hospital were enrolled. Patients were retrospectively involved as the training group and were prospectively recruited as the validation group for the nomogram. Logistic regression analysis was utilized to generate nomogram for predicting the efficacy of transurethral surgery. The discrimination of the nomogram was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and calibration plots were applied to evaluate the calibration of the nomogram. RESULTS: A total of 426 patients with BPH who underwent transurethral surgery were included in the study, and they were further divided into a training group (n = 245) and a validation group (n = 181). Age (OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.02-1.15, P < 0.01), the compliance of the bladder (OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.20-4.67, P < 0.01), the function of the detrusor (OR 5.92, 95% CI 2.10-16.6, P < 0.01), and the bladder outlet obstruction (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.07-4.54, P < 0.01) were incorporated in the nomogram. The AUC of the nomogram was 0.825 in the training group, and 0.785 in the validation group, respectively. CONCLUSION: The nomogram we developed included age, the compliance of the bladder, the function of the detrusor, and the severity of bladder outlet obstruction. The discrimination and calibration of the nomogram were confirmed by internal and external validation.


Subject(s)
Prostatic Hyperplasia , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction , Male , Humans , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction/surgery
20.
Virol Sin ; 2024 Mar 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461965

ABSTRACT

Guaico Culex virus (GCXV) is a newly identified segmented Jingmenvirus from Culex spp. mosquitoes in Central and South America. The genome of GCXV is composed of four or five single-stranded positive RNA segments. However, the infection kinetics and transmission capability of GCXV in mosquitoes remain unknown. In this study, we used reverse genetics to rescue two GCXVs (4S and 5S) that contained four and five RNA segments, respectively, in C6/36 â€‹cells. Further in vitro characterization revealed that the two GCXVs exhibited comparable replication kinetics, protein expression and viral titers. Importantly, GCXV RNAs were detected in the bodies, salivary glands, midguts and ovaries of Culex quinquefasciatus at 4-10 days after oral infection. In addition, two GCXVs can colonize Cx. quinquefasciatus eggs, resulting in positive rates of 15%-35% for the second gonotrophic cycle. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that GCXVs with four or five RNA segments can be detected in Cx. quinquefasciatus eggs during the first and second gonotrophic cycles after oral infection.

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