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1.
Cureus ; 16(6): e62482, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39015854

ABSTRACT

With increasing interest in aesthetic plastic procedures, the event of blood loss has compromised patients' safety and satisfaction. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is a drug used for the reduction of blood loss during surgical procedures. This systematic review aims to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of TXA in aesthetic plastic surgery for the reduction of bleeding and related complications. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. Electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar were searched. The medical subject headings (MeSH) keywords used for data extraction were ("TXA," OR "tranexamic acid,") AND ("plastic surgery," OR "aesthetic surgery," OR "rhinoplasty," OR "blepharoplasty,") AND ("blood loss" OR "bleeding" OR "TBL") AND ("Edema" OR "ecchymosis"). A combination of these MeSH terms was used in the literature search. The timeline of research was set from 2015 to January 2024. A total of 7380 research articles were identified from the above-mentioned databases, and only 13 research articles met the inclusion criteria. There was a significant difference in total blood loss (TBL) among patients who had undergone plastic surgery procedures while on TXA as compared to a placebo (mean difference = -6.02; Cl: -1.07 to -0.16; p > 0.00001), and heterogeneity was found (degrees of freedom (df) = 9; I2 = 97%). Only two studies reported the average ecchymosis scores after TXA among interventions in comparison to the placebo group. This review provides evidence that TXA lowers TBL, ecchymosis, edema, and anemia during cosmetic surgery without significantly increasing thromboembolic consequences.

2.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39004590

ABSTRACT

The review of 42 cases of upper blepharoplasties operated since 2020 has confirmed the validity of our technique of significant resection of skin in the upper eyelid, leaving 10 to 12mm of skin above the eyelashes, and remaining approximately 8 to 10mm above the eyebrow line; we named the design of this surgery under the name of an Italian elegant sports car, because of the particular curves of this car in the rear part, which rises a little upwards, like the external segments of the skin resection that we recommend in the practice of an upper blepharoplasty; a hindsight of almost 35 years showed that this procedure had great value due to the durability of the result; nevertheless it is appropriate to discuss this surgical orientation in a context where Asian surgeons rather recommend short scars and a much lower situation than that which we practice in our European patients.

3.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 Jul 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38955835

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Blepharoplasty is a common surgical technique performed in individuals seeking aesthetic enhancement. Thus, it is essential to investigate the factors influencing postoperative satisfaction from the patient's perspective. In this study, patient-rated outcome measure questionnaires were used to identify the factors affecting patient satisfaction after full-incision upper blepharoplasty. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed patients who underwent full-incision upper blepharoplasty at an outpatient clinic in China. The questionnaire responses were collected by telephone, text messaging, or email at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: In total, 149 questionnaires were collected. After a mean follow-up of 23.23 months, the patients' overall satisfaction rate was 89.43%. The factors that significantly affected postoperative satisfaction were the patient's education level, the source of referral to the surgeon, the patient's understanding of the surgical risks, application of a cold compress after surgery as recommended, unsatisfactory postoperative double-eyelid width, postoperative bilateral asymmetry, apparent postoperative cicatrices, and postoperative caterpillar-like appearance of the double eyelids. Education level, apparent postoperative cicatrices, and postoperative bilateral asymmetry influenced the patient's satisfaction with the surgical outcome. The patient's understanding of the surgical risks, unsatisfactory postoperative double-eyelid width, postoperative bilateral asymmetry, apparent postoperative cicatrices, and postoperative caterpillar-like appearance influenced the satisfaction of the patient's family and friends. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative bilateral asymmetry, apparent postoperative cicatrices, and a low education level of the patient are independent factors that negatively affect patient satisfaction with the outcome of double-eyelid blepharoplasty. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

4.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 Jun 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858244

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The popularity of cosmetic tourism may increase unnecessary risks for patients as postoperative care is variable. However, little is known about the current trends and public perception of this growing phenomenon. This study compares interest in cosmetic tourism in popular medical tourism destinations relative to the US. METHODS: Google Trends was queried from October 2017 to September 2023, examining trends over the full period and dissecting changes between 2017-2020 and 2020-2023. Search volume data were retrieved for the top international countries and the US for each of the top five cosmetic procedures, according to the ISAPS 2022 Global Survey. A p value < 0.05 was used for statistical significance. RESULTS: Searches for liposuction, blepharoplasty, breast augmentation, mastopexy, and abdominoplasty were compared between the US, Mexico, Turkey, Thailand, and Colombia. Google Trends data mirrored the prevalence of the two most common procedures, liposuction, and breast augmentation. Differences in interest regarding liposuction were greatest in Mexico, Thailand, and Turkey compared to the US (p < 0.05). Medical tourism for blepharoplasty had the highest search interest scores for Turkey and Thailand from 2017 to 2023 (p < 0.05). Significant differences were also consistent across all time intervals for breast augmentation, mastopexy, and abdominoplasty, with higher interest in Mexico and Turkey (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Google Trends analysis serves as an insightful tool for understanding cosmetic tourism. Changing trends bring the potential to assess worldwide versus country-specific procedure interest. These observed trends may foreshadow future international aesthetic procedure trends. NO LEVEL ASSIGNED: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

5.
Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am ; 32(3): 383-390, 2024 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38936995

ABSTRACT

After reading this article, one should better understand the anatomy of the forehead, brow, and eyelid complexes in the male patient. A thorough history and physical examination allows the facial plastic surgeon to properly select male patients in whom blepharoplasty and brow lift may be indicated. Specific surgical approaches to upper and lower blepharoplasty are discussed in detail. Surgical techniques and indications for each approach to brow lift in men, including direct, midforehead, coronal, pretrichial, endoscopic, temporal, and transblepharoplasty are explicitly outlined.


Subject(s)
Blepharoplasty , Eyebrows , Forehead , Rhytidoplasty , Humans , Blepharoplasty/methods , Male , Eyebrows/anatomy & histology , Forehead/surgery , Forehead/anatomy & histology , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Eyelids/surgery , Eyelids/anatomy & histology , Rejuvenation
6.
Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am ; 32(3): 369-381, 2024 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38936994

ABSTRACT

The authors present the contemporary landscape for males seeking Asian blepharoplasty and Asian rhinoplasty, with special emphasis on the unique anatomical and aesthetic considerations for this patient population. The authors highlight the latest techniques used to achieve superlative results.


Subject(s)
Asian People , Blepharoplasty , Rhinoplasty , Humans , Rhinoplasty/methods , Blepharoplasty/methods , Male , Esthetics
7.
Turk J Ophthalmol ; 54(3): 133-139, 2024 06 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836622

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To examine changes in tear oxidative stress levels and tear film functions in patients with blepharoptosis and dermatochalasis following conjunctiva-Müller muscle resection (CMMR) and blepharoplasty surgeries. Materials and Methods: This prospective study included 32 healthy controls and 62 patients with blepharoptosis or dermatochalasis. CMMR surgery was performed in 20 eyes and upper blepharoplasty was performed in 42 eyes. Tear oxidative stress markers (8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine [8-OHdG] and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal [4-HNE]) were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and tear film functions were evaluated preoperatively and at 1 and 6 months postoperatively. The same assessments were performed in the control group at the same time points. Results: Preoperative tear 8-OHdG and 4-HNE levels were lower in healthy controls (52.8±13.5 ng/mL and 27.8±6.4 ng/mL, respectively) compared to patients with dermatochalasis (86.1±37.2 ng/mL and 29.8±11.1 ng/mL, respectively) and blepharoptosis (90.4±39.3 ng/mL and 43.1±4.2 ng/mL, respectively) (p<0.001). 8-OHdG levels were increased at 1 month after CMMR, while both markers were decreased 1 month postoperatively in the blepharoplasty group (p=0.034). Schirmer 1 and OSDI scores did not change throughout the visits in both patient groups, but a temporary decrease in tear break-up time (TBUT) was observed after CMMR (p=0.017). Conclusion: Dermatochalasis and blepharoptosis were associated with higher tear oxidative stress levels. CMMR surgery caused a temporary decrease in TBUT scores and an increase in oxidative stress in the first postoperative month.


Subject(s)
8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine , Blepharoplasty , Blepharoptosis , Conjunctiva , Oculomotor Muscles , Oxidative Stress , Tears , Humans , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoptosis/metabolism , Female , Male , Prospective Studies , Tears/metabolism , Blepharoplasty/methods , Middle Aged , Conjunctiva/metabolism , Conjunctiva/surgery , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery , Oculomotor Muscles/metabolism , 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine/metabolism , Adult , Biomarkers/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Aged , Aldehydes/metabolism
8.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871618

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to conduct a linguistic validation of all FACE-Q eye module scales in German, and to evaluate the reliability and validity of the scales in patients with blepharoplasty. According to international recommendations, all FACE-Q scales and checklists were translated from English to German. Psychometric testing of blepharoplasty surgery-related scales of translated versions were administered to patients with blepharochalasis or dermatochalasis and a history of blepharoplasty surgery (n = 64; 11 scales) or no history of blepharoplasty surgery (n = 65; seven scales), and to a group of control subjects (n = 64; seven scales). Most of the subscales showed acceptable internal consistency, with Cronbach's alphas ranging from 0.75 to 0.97. Intraclass correlation coefficients were high (0.70-0.92), indicating good reliability, with total values of 0.63 (95% CI 0.46-0.76) and 0.68 (95% CI 0.53-0.80) for the upper eyelid and social function scores, respectively. There was good discriminability between pre- and post-blepharoplasty patients and normal subjects (p < 0.05). The German-language version of the FACE-Q eye module is a successfully validated and helpful tool for assessing outcomes after blepharoplasty surgery, especially with respect to 'satisfaction with overall facial appearance', 'psychological well-being, social function', 'decision satisfaction, outcome satisfaction', and 'early-life impact recovery'.

9.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 Jun 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38890159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the postoperative effect of double-lid blepharoplasty based on the histological difference in the upper eyelid of Asian patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 76 patients with poor bilateral upper eyelid morphology or a single eyelid were included in this study. Different techniques of double-eyelid blepharoplasty were performed based on the thickness of the palpebral tissue. The improved PARK method (group A: 15 participants) was employed for patients with orbicularis oculi muscle being thinner, and the fat bulge of orbital septum was less. The improved traditional method (group B: 52 participants) was employed for patients with hypertrophy of the eyelid skin, orbicularis oculi muscle, and fat bulge in the orbital septum. RESULTS: All 76 patients achieved satisfactory outcomes in a single surgical procedure. Postoperative follow-up ranged from 3 to 6 months. In group A, there was no obvious swelling of flap near the palpebral margin and the double blepharon line becomes shallow. Although some patients in group B experienced varying degrees of bruising in the early postoperative period, all patients returned to a more natural shape 1-3 months after surgery. Furthermore, after 3-6 months postoperatively, there were no obvious scar adhesion and ladder sensation in the both sides of the incision. CONCLUSION: Preoperative analysis of the thickness of the upper eyelid tissue is essential to determine the appropriate surgical technique for double-eyelid blepharoplasty. The improved traditional method is recommended for patients with hypertrophy of the upper eyelid tissue (group A), as it minimizes scar adhesion and reduces the stair-step sensation in the lower eyelid tissue during long-term follow-up. For patients with thin upper eyelid tissue, the improved PARK method should be employed to avoid issues such as tissue accumulation, double eyelid crease became shallower, or disappearance. In order to obtain natural and long-term surgical results, different surgical methods should be provided according to the patient's eye tissue condition. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE II: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

10.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 Jun 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38890161

ABSTRACT

In a recent Letter to the Editor authored by Daungsupawong et al. in Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, titled "ChatGPT and Clinical Questions on the Practical Guideline of Blepharoptosis: Correspondence," the authors emphasized important points regarding the input language differences between input and output references. However, advanced versions, such as GPT-4, have shown marginal differences between English and Chinese inputs, possibly because of the use of larger training data. To address this issue, non-English-language-oriented large language models (LLMs) have been developed. The ability of LLMs to refer to existing references varies, with newer models, such as GPT-4, showing higher reference rates than GPT-3.5. Future research should focus on addressing the current limitations and enhancing the effectiveness of emerging LLMs in providing accurate and informative answers to medical questions across multiple languages.Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

11.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(16): 2796-2802, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38899282

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As one of the most common aesthetic surgical procedures carried out today, blepharoplasty should be in the repertoire of every plastic surgeon. The term blepharoplasty encompasses a wide range of techniques and options that must be tailored to the specific defect and patient one has to treat. A sound knowledge of the upper and lower eyelids' anatomy is essential for proper surgical execution. Trends have shifted towards more conservative methods (especially of the fat compartment) and sometimes in combination with augmentation techniques, helping to reach a rejuvenated appearance. AIM: To present an overview of the surgical techniques considered for upper lid blepharoplasty and fat pad management, in addition to information on how a surgeon may approach the best treatment for his patient based on current publications in literature. METHODS: We searched the literature published between 2013, to 2023 using Medline and Reference Citation Analysis. The database was searched using the keywords "upper blepharoplasty" AND "fat". Papers without full text/abstracts and reviews were excluded. The search strategy followed the PRISMA. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons guidelines for Therapeutic Studies checklist was used to assess all articles. Two authors individually reviewed each article and rated them for importance and relevance to the topic. A consensus was sought and the most relevant studies. RESULTS: After the application of the selection criteria used in our review, 13 publications were found to address upper lid blepharoplasty specifically. Three of these studies were reviews and three were retrospective studies. Five publications were comparative studies and a further two were clinical trials. CONCLUSION: The tendency of modern surgery is to be conservative, by removing adipose tissue only if strictly necessary and restoring the volume of the upper eyelid in a concept of beauty that espouses a "full" sight. There is no gold standard technique to achieve younger and enhanced eyelids. Long-term prospective comparative studies are fundamental in understanding which path is the best to follow.

12.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 Jun 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834716

ABSTRACT

The continuously increasing number of blepharoplasty procedures has resulted in widespread concerns regarding postoperative complications. Embedded threads in blepharoplasty can cause foreign body reactions that can affect surgical outcomes. Foreign body reactions caused by sutures after blepharoplasty can be treated with local injection of 5-fluorouracil in the eyelid.Level of Evidence IV This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

13.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 95: 52-54, 2024 Jun 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875873

ABSTRACT

Asian double eyelid blepharoplasty and medial canthoplasty aim to enhance eye appearance in individuals of Asian descent. Traditional methods have limitations and may cause complications. This study introduces a microsurgical approach, offering improved precision and reduced scarring, applied to 37 patients over six years. While promising, this method requires specialized equipment and training, increasing complexity and cost. Further studies are needed to compare its efficacy with conventional techniques.

14.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2024 May 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769823

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of retaining the vessels around the orbicularis oculi muscle on reducing local swelling after blepharoplasty. METHODS: A total of 309 patients undergoing blepharoplasty (total incision) were observed and randomly assigned to three groups; (A) conventional operation; (B) preservation of deep vessels; (C) preservation of anterior vessels of orbicularis oculi muscle. The groups were compared based on intraoperative blood loss, operation time, swelling, satisfaction, and complications. RESULTS: Among the 309 patients, 39 were lost to follow-up. c Additionally, A had the shortest operation time, followed by C with slightly longer duration. On the 7th day, 15th day, and 1 month after surgery, both B and C demonstrated significantly lower levels of swelling compared to A. Moreover, patient satisfaction was higher in B and C than in A. CONCLUSION: Retaining either superficial or deep veins of the orbicularis oculi muscle can effectively reduce short-term postoperative swelling. However, when retaining the superficial central group of this muscle during surgery, it is crucial to strictly control the amount of surrounding tissue around vessels.

15.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 May 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740621

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lacrimal gland prolapse (LGP) is considered to be one of the causes for upper eyelid contour abnormality that should be recognized and treated properly to yield satisfactory outcomes in blepharoplasty. To describe current findings about the prevalence, pre- and intraoperative diagnosis of LGP and its treatment options. METHODS: PubMed and Google Scholar were thoroughly searched for articles published describing the diagnosis and treatment of LGP. RESULTS: The reported prevalence of LGP by various authors varies between 10 and 60% based on their preoperative or intraoperative reports. Techniques such as dacryoadenopexy, modified dacryoadenopexy, and dacryoplasty have been described to secure the prolapsed lacrimal gland back into its original position. Additionally, creating a Whitnall's barrier has also been suggested as a method to reposition the gland. While all these surgical procedures have shown promising immediate results, there is a lack of published data on their long-term outcomes. CONCLUSION: Diagnosis and proper treatment of LGP could enhance the cosmetic results of upper eyelid blepharoplasty. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

16.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 May 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38806827

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Anti-aging in the lower eyelid-cheek junction area has always been the most widely sought cosmetic surgery. However, orbital fat removal or a midcheek fat pad lift alone does not achieve the best results. This study describes a new technique of lower blepharoplasty combined with a midcheek lift performed using a polydioxanone barbed suture loop based on the entire anatomy of the lower eyelid-cheek junction area. METHODS: We report our experience with lower blepharoplasty combined with a midcheek lift, covering 38 procedures performed over the past 3 years. We reviewed the technique and results and described the various indications for which the new technique is suitable. The efficacy of the surgeries was delineated using both 3D volume calculation and graphic pictures. RESULTS: All patients demonstrated significant rejuvenation of the lower eyelid with the elimination of the eyebags, elevation of the lid-cheek junction, and improvement of the nasolabial folds. All the patients were satisfied with the procedure. Complication rates were low, and lower lid retraction temporarily occurred in 3% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: This new method of lower blepharoplasty with midcheek elevation is safe, effective, convenient, and long-lasting. The technique is more doctor-friendly, recovery is quick, and complications are minimized. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

17.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 May 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38789805

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Patients frequently turn to online information for decision-making factors about aesthetic procedures. The quality of online medical content is an essential supplement to clinical education. These resources assist patients in understanding the risks, benefits, and appropriateness of their desired procedure. This study examines the breadth and readability of online blepharoplasty information, elucidating its educational utility. METHODS: A depersonalized Google search was conducted using the Startpage Search Engine, investigating key phrases, "blepharoplasty decision making factors", "eye lift decision making factors", and "eyelid lift decision making factors". The first three pages of results for each search term, totaling 90 links were screened. Data were extracted for various decision-making factors, subspecialty, gender, and readability. RESULTS: Twenty-six websites met inclusion for analysis. Thirteen websites were plastic surgery based, five otolaryngology (ENT), five ophthalmology/oculoplastic, one oral-maxillofacial (OMFS), and two mixed-based practices. Most blepharoplasty webpages identified were that of private practice and male surgeons. Half were subspecialties other than plastic surgery. Thirteen common decision-making factors were identified. The most common factors addressed across all texts were recovery followed by cosmetic and functional goals. The least discussed were genetic factors. Average Readability exceeded the 12th grade. There were no significant differences in readability means among subspecialties. CONCLUSION: This study examines the online blepharoplasty sphere among US-based practices providing clinical education to patients. No appreciable differences among gender, subspecialty, and readability on decision-making factors were found, highlighting a consistency among surgeons. Most websites fell short of readability standards, however, emphasizing a need for clearer information to patients. NO LEVEL ASSIGNED: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

18.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 May 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38789809

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Eyelid surgery is one of the top five aesthetic procedures. It is performed to improve both appearance and function, but intraoperative bleeding leads to adverse events which perturb patients. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy of TXA combined with epinephrine in decreasing intraoperative blood loss and postoperative inflammation. METHODS: This prospective randomized control trial was performed on the 30 eyelids of 15 patients who underwent upper blepharoplasty. One of each patient's eyes was randomly assigned to the TXA group, and the other eye was in the control group. Eyes in the TXA group were given 2% lidocaine with epinephrine (1:100000) mixed with TXA (50 mg/ml) in 1:1 mixture subcutaneously as a local anesthetic. The eyes in the control group received 2% lidocaine with epinephrine (1:100000) diluted with normal saline in 1:1 mixture. Intraoperative blood loss and postoperative swelling were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Intraoperative blood loss was significantly higher in the TXA group [4.86 (1.83) ml] than it was in the control group [2.53 (1.49) ml] (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in operative time (p = 0.645), pain score (p = 0.498), lid crease (p = 0.548), or MRD1 (p = 0.626). On postoperative day 7, there was no difference in lid crease (p = 0.879), MRD1 (p = 0.463), pain score (p = 0.934), or ecchymosis (p = 0.976) between two groups. CONCLUSIONS: TXA in lidocaine with epinephrine was found to increase intraoperative bleeding compared to lidocaine with epinephrine alone, but there was no difference in postoperative swelling or ecchymosis. TXA combined with lidocaine and epinephrine injected subcutaneously should be avoided until additional relevant data are obtained. Further drug interaction study is needed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE II: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

19.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 217, 2024 May 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705907

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of the retroseptal transconjunctival blepharoplasty together with tear trough ligament (TTL) and Orbicularis retaining ligament (ORL) release with orbital fat graft in the management of groove in the infraorbital region (GIR). METHODS: A prospective study of 80 eyes of 40 patients that underwent retroseptal transconjunctival lower blepharoplasty together with TTL and ORL release and resected orbital fat grafting. An ophthalmic examination includes lower eyelid evaluation and Barton's Tear trough deformity grading was done at baseline, 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after the surgery. Patient satisfaction was evaluated using Global aesthetic improvement scale (GAIS) and Blepharoplasty outcomes evaluation (BOE). RESULTS: Baseline tear trough defects were graded into grade 1, 2, and 3 in 12 (15%), 39 (48.75%) and 29 (36.25%) eyes, respectively. While at 6 months follow-up, grade 0 was recorded in 63 (78.75%) eyes, and grade 1 was recorded in 17 (21.25%) eyes. The amount of fat removed was 0.52 ± 0.04 mL per eye, whereas the amount of injected fat graft was 0.24 ± 0.04. The mean operative time was 33.2 ± 4.1 min per eye. GAIS showed degree 1, 2, and 3 in 8 (20%), 29 (72.5%), and 3 (7.5%) patients at 6 months follow-up, respectively. The mean baseline BOE increased significantly from 36.5 ± 5.9 to 86.9 ± 5.5 at 6 months follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Our cohort highlights the beneficial effects of TTD/ORL release with resected orbital fat grafting in the management of GIR and infraorbital hollow.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Blepharoplasty , Conjunctiva , Orbit , Humans , Blepharoplasty/methods , Female , Male , Prospective Studies , Adipose Tissue/transplantation , Middle Aged , Adult , Conjunctiva/surgery , Conjunctiva/transplantation , Orbit/surgery , Eyelids/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Aged , Patient Satisfaction
20.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 May 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720103

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The correction of tear trough deformity poses a significant challenge in the context of facial rejuvenation. Our aim was to introduce a technique that corrects tear trough deformity during transconjunctival lower blepharoplasty using minced orbital fat grafts. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent lower blepharoplasty from January 2019 to December 2021 were reviewed. The study included patients with various grades of tear trough deformity, who underwent lower blepharoplasty using minced orbital fat grafts and followed up for at least 6 months. Modified Barton's grading for tear trough depression, patient satisfaction, and postoperative complications were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of ninety-eight patients, with a mean age of 48.07 ± 9.72 years, consisting of 93 (94.9%) females were included in the study. The average duration of follow-up was 7.2 months, ranging from 6 to 13 months. Tear trough depression significantly improved after the operation (preoperative tear trough depression grade mean (SD): 3.11 (0.60); postoperative tear trough depression grade mean (SD): 0.87 (0.66); P < 0.001). 78.5% of the participants reported their outcome as excellent or good, 20.4% reported as fair, and 1.0% (only one patient) reported as no improvement. None of the participants rated their outcome as worsening. No major complication was observed during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Minced orbital fat grafting during transconjunctival lower eyelid blepharoplasty has good effectiveness for correcting tear trough deformity without the risk of major complications. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

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