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1.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722684

ABSTRACT

The Commercially Insured health Plan Risk Index for Overdose or Serious Opioid-induced Respiratory Depression (CIP-RIOSORD) is an evidence-based tool to determine serious opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD) or overdose risk. The CIP-RIOSORD total score determines a risk class and estimates the probability for an OIRD event within the next 6 months. We performed a single-center, retrospective analysis to determine CIP-RIOSORD baseline scores and the most common predictive factors in patients with cancer. Patients (n = 160) were split into new consultations (n = 83, Group 1) versus the first documented follow-up consultation (n = 77, Group 2). Most patients were Caucasian women with metastatic gastrointestinal cancer. CIP-RIOSORD scores for Group 1 patients were 14.8 ± 15.2 (mean ± SD, risk class 4). Group 2 patients had higher CIP-RIOSORD scores (16.6 ± 14.9, risk class 4). For Group 1, the most common CIP-RIOSORD predictive factors were use of a long-acting opioid formulation (n = 24, 29%) and daily oral morphine equivalent (OME) ≥100 (n = 20, 24%); for Group 2, predictive factors were use of an antidepressant (n = 34, 44%) and a long-acting opioid formulation (n = 27, 35%). Based on the CIP-RIOSORD, there is a 15% probability of experiencing a serious OIRD event or overdose within the next 6 months.

2.
Am J Hosp Palliat Care ; : 10499091241252841, 2024 May 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723290

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Some Japanese patients with cancer pain have negative beliefs regarding opioid therapy. The Japanese version of the Barriers Questionnaire II (JBQ-II) determines barriers to cancer pain management. Few studies reported JBQ-II scores in Japan, and none focused on pharmacists. Accordingly, we aimed to explore the relationship between health care professionals' knowledge of and willingness to use opioids, and their JBQ-II scores. Additionally, the variances in JBQ-II scores among nurses, hospital pharmacists, and pharmacy pharmacists were assessed. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey employed the JBQ-II for nurses and pharmacists in hospitals and pharmacies across Japan. Participants were requested to respond to the JBQ-II concerning their affiliation, knowledge of opioid analgesics, and willingness to utilize these drugs for medical practice. RESULTS: A total of 55 hospital pharmacists, 25 pharmacy pharmacists, and 24 nurses responded to the survey. The group-knowledgeable about medical use of narcotics had significantly lower total JBQ-II scores (25.43, standard deviation [SD]: 15.11) than those had by the group with insufficient knowledge (34.50, SD: 18.41). There was no statistically significant difference in total JBQ-II scores among those willing to use opioids medically. The total JBQ-II scores of hospital pharmacists, pharmacy pharmacists, and nurses were 31.00 (SD: 15.11), 33.96 (SD: 19.25), and 27.21 (SD: 15.56), respectively. However, the differences were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Health care professionals in Japan with knowledge about opioids for medical purposes had a significantly lower total JBQ-II score than those with insufficient knowledge. Thus, health care professionals' knowledge plays a crucial role in reducing barriers to using narcotic drugs.

3.
J Palliat Med ; 2024 May 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727545

ABSTRACT

The management of cancer-related pain in patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) remains complex and often challenging for clinicians and patients. There is currently a paucity of data to guide best practices, and the evidence that exists is variably applied. In this hospital-based questionnaire, we sought to understand the variation in practice patterns among clinicians in palliative medicine, addiction medicine, and hospital medicine, in caring for this complex patient population. Sixty-two questionnaire responses were analyzed and variation was found in management of pain, as well as initiation or titration of buprenorphine and methadone. There was also a significant difference in postdischarge subspecialty follow-up. Furthermore, the findings suggest that buprenorphine and methadone may be underutilized in this population. Patients and clinicians may benefit from additional support and standardization of practices to best manage coexisting cancer-related pain and OUD.

4.
J Pain Res ; 17: 1583-1594, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707266

ABSTRACT

Objective: Moderate-to-severe pain is the most common clinical symptom in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).This trial aimed to analyze the clinical efficacy of Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) in patients of HCC with severe pain and provide a reliable reference for optimizing the clinical diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of HCC. Methods: A total of 104 eligible patients were randomly allocated to experimental and control groups in a ratio of 1:1.The treatment was administered for 1 week continuously. Patients in both groups were followed up 1 week after the end of the treatment.The primary outcome measure was the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) score, whereas the secondary outcome measures included Brief Pain Inventory BPI-Q3, Q4, Q5 scores, analgesic dose, frequency of opioid-induced gastrointestinal side effects, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), Quality of Life Scale - Liver Cancer (QOL-LC), and Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) scores. Results: The NRS scores of experimental group was significantly lower after treatment and at the follow-up than baseline (average P<0.01), there were also statistical differences between the groups at the above time points (average P<0.01). BPI-Q3, -Q4, and -Q5 scores in the experimental group were decreased after treatment when compared with those before treatment (average P<0.01). Furthermore, there were significant improvements of gastrointestinal side effects, KPS, QOL-LC and BPI in the experimental group after treatment, and the above results were statistically significant compared to the control group. Conclusion: 7-day TEAS treatment can significantly enhance the analgesic effect and maintain for the following week, also reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal side effects caused by opioids, and improve the quality of life of patients with moderate-to-severe HCC-related pain, which has reliable safety and certain clinical promotion value.

5.
J Psychosoc Oncol ; : 1-25, 2024 May 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38749094

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Recognizing the limitations of the current pain therapies, the study aimed to explore the unique needs and obstacles related to pain management in Breast Cancer Survivors (BCs) with Chronic Pain (CP). METHODS: 4 focus groups were conducted involving 17 BCs with CP (Mage = 51, SD = 7.99) with varying pain intensities. Thematic analysis was applied to transcribed discussions. FINDINGS: Three key themes emerged: (1) Challenges to pain management, including "Doctor-patients communications barriers" and "Contextual and societal barriers"; (2) Self-management needs, encompassing "Psycho-social support," "Care-related needs," and "Shared decision-making"; (3) Treatment preferences and perceptions of pain management, with subthemes like "Treatment preferences," "Institution preference," and "Decision role perception." CONCLUSIONS: This study emphasizes tailored support systems targeting patient hesitancy, countering pain normalization, and addressing healthcare providers' attitudes. It underscores the importance of integrating caregiver and peer support. Findings advocate refining healthcare provider education, adopting a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach, and strategically incorporating eHealth tools into such care.

6.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(4): 836-838, 2024 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38751296

ABSTRACT

The quality of life (QoL) of cancer patients is of paramount concern due to the enduring effects of chemotherapy on the physical, emotional, spiritual, and social aspects of life. This study aims to examine the factors influencing QoL among cancer patients. A cross-sectional analysis encompassing 200 chemotherapy patients aged 18 and above was conducted, using self-reported surveys and clinical records. The results indicate higher social wellbeing and lower physical well-being scores. Significantly, patients in joint families, with income above Rs25,000, limited pre-diagnosis check-ups, over four chemotherapy cycles, showed better QoL. Engaging diversions like art and internet usage alleviated worries. Conversely, comorbidities correlated with lower FACT-G scores. QoL is still compromised, even with the developments of advanced cancer treatments. Managing mental, emotional, social, and physical health is vital. Future research should focus on evidence-based policies, innovative strategies, psychiatric assessments, mindfulness interventions, and exploring the impact of social interactions on QoL, aiming to enhance the wellbeing of newly diagnosed cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Neoplasms , Quality of Life , Tertiary Care Centers , Humans , Female , Male , Neoplasms/psychology , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoplasms/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged , Adult , Pakistan , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Aged , Young Adult , Health Status
7.
Am J Hosp Palliat Care ; : 10499091241252977, 2024 May 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38752431

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ketamine has been used to control refractory cancer pain as an adjuvant to opioids. We conducted a prospective phase II study to investigate the efficacy and safety of 5-day continuous intravenous infusion (CIVI) of Ketamine in terminally ill cancer patients with refractory cancer pain. METHODS: Hospitalized terminally ill cancer patients with refractory cancer pain were enrolled. Refractory cancer pain was indicated by requirements for 4 or more rescue opioids or pain intensity using numerical rating scale > personalized pain goal (PPG) despite of intravenous morphine equivalent daily dose (IV MEDD) ≥ 120 mg/day. The CIVI of ketamine was increased from .05 mg/kg/hour to .5 mg/kg/hour by .05 every 8 hours if pain intensity exceeded PPG or if number of rescue opioids ≥2 during prior 8 hours was required. The primary end-point was overall pain response rate, which indicates complete response (both rescue opioid ≤3/day and pain intensity ≤ PPG) plus partial response (rescue opioid ≤3/day), without unacceptable toxicities. RESULTS: Among 21 eligible patients enrolled between September 2019 and January 2023, 20 were analyzed. Most pain mechanisms were mixed type (n = 15, 75%), with neuropathic component (n = 17, 85%). The baseline background opioids were IV MEDD 186 mg/24hour (range, 124-592), number of rescue opioids was 6 (IQR, 5-9), and median PPG was 4 (IQR, 3-4). The overall pain response rate was 50% (n = 10) including 40% (n = 8) for complete pain response and 10% (n = 2) for partial pain response. CONCLUSION: This study showed efficacy of gradually increasing CIVI of ketamine for terminally ill cancer patients with refractory cancer pain. CIVI of ketamine could be a useful tool in these patients considering the limited treatment options. (NCT03362073, Initial Release: November 15, 2017).

8.
Subst Use Misuse ; : 1-8, 2024 May 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733118

ABSTRACT

Background: Chronic non-cancer pain affects 20% of Americans. This is significantly impacted by the ongoing opioid crisis and reduced opioid dispensing. Public perceptions additionally shape pain management strategies. Purpose: This study explores public attitudes toward prescription opioids for chronic non-cancer pain. We aim to understand how public attitudes are influenced by the evolving opioid crisis and shifting opioid use patterns. Methods: In Michigan, 823 adults participated in a Qualtrics survey on attitudes toward nonmedical and medical prescription opioid use. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with beliefs that doctors prescribe opioids for too long (Model 1) and chronic pain patients should transition to alternative treatments (Model 2). Results: About half (49.4%) of respondents believed doctors keep patients on prescription opioids for too long, while two-thirds (65.7%) agreed chronic pain patients should be tapered off medications. Knowing someone who misused opioids and perceptions of substance use (e.g. perceived risk of prescription opioid misuse, stigma toward chronic pain patients, perceived prevalence of prescription opioid misuse, and awareness of fentanyl) were associated with greater odds of believing doctors keep patients on opioids too long. Demographics (age and education), substance use histories and perceptions (e.g. perceived risk and stigma) were associated with greater odds of believing patients should be tapered off their medication. Conclusions: These findings inform strategies to correct public misperceptions, emphasizing the importance of personal experience, perceived risks, and stigmatization of chronic pain patients. This insight can guide effective pain management for those with chronic non-cancer pain.

9.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729533

ABSTRACT

In the cancer pain setting, ketamine has been typically employed as a co-analgesic for opioid refractory and neuropathic pain. One controversial topic is whether subanaesthetic ketamine be considered when managing opioid refractory cancer pain. In this "Controversies in Palliative Care" article, three clinicians independently answer this question. Specifically, each clinician provides a synopsis of the key studies that inform their thought processes, share practical advice on their clinical approach, and highlight the opportunities for future research. Three independent clinicians reported a divergence of opinion regarding the usefulness of subanaesthetic ketamine for managing opioid refractory cancer pain. All investigators acknowledged the lack of high-quality trials. All agreed on the need for adequately powered trials, the development of standardized methodology, and the exploration of any patient sub-populations that may benefit from ketamine for cancer related pain.

10.
Pain Manag Nurs ; 2024 May 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38729848

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the complex nature of opioid use disorder (OUD) in chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) by exploring its antecedents, attributes, consequences, and interrelated concepts. DESIGN: A systematic literature review was conducted to gather relevant studies published between 2015 and 2022, utilizing the CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases. DATA SOURCES: The selected databases provided a comprehensive range of articles related to OUD in CNCP, ensuring a comprehensive topic analysis. METHODS: Twenty-two articles meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the analysis. These articles were critically reviewed and analyzed to identify key themes and concepts related to OUD in CNCP. RESULTS: The findings of this study shed light on the multifaceted aspects of OUD in CNCP, including its antecedents, such as goals of physical function improvement, prescription of opioids for CNCP, social influences, and mental health dynamics. The attributes of OUD in CNCP were identified as chronic pain, noncancer pain, opioid use, misuse, and abuse. OUD's consequences in CNCP include impaired functioning, increased health risks, psychological distress, social challenges, and economic burden. CONCLUSION: Understanding the complexity of OUD in CNCP is crucial for improving patient outcomes. Collaborative efforts among healthcare systems, regulatory bodies, and professional organizations are needed to develop policies promoting safe and effective pain management while mitigating risks associated with opioid use in CNCP. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Implementing policy recommendations derived from this study enhances care and outcomes for individuals with CNCP. By addressing complex issues of OUD in CNCP and adopting evidence-based practices, healthcare providers can optimize pain management and promote well-being in CNCP patients.

11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 175: 116665, 2024 May 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701564

ABSTRACT

Opioid receptor agonists are often used when cancer patients undergo surgery or analgesic treatment. As analgesics in clinical care, opioids can provide intraoperative or to chronic cancer pain relief. Immune function plays an important role in anti-cancer therapy, with cellular immunity, comprised principally of T-lymphocytes and natural killer cells, representing the primary anti-cancer immune response. However, it remains unclear whether immune function is further affected with the use of opioids in already immunocompromised cancer patients. This article provides a review of the effects of commonly used clinical opioids, including morphine, oxycodone, fentanyl and tramadol, on immune function in cancer patients. It provides a summary of current evidence regarding the immunomodulatory effects of opioids in the cancer setting and mechanisms underlying these interactions.

12.
Purinergic Signal ; 2024 May 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771429

ABSTRACT

Numerous studies have revealed that the ATP-gated ion channel purinergic 2X7 receptor (P2X7R) plays an important role in tumor progression and the pathogenesis of cancer pain. P2X7R requires activation by extracellular ATP to perform its regulatory role functions. During tumor development or cancer-induced pain, ATP is released from tumor cells or other cells in the tumor microenvironment (such as tumor-associated immune cells), which activates P2X7R, opens ion channels on the cell membrane, affects intracellular molecular metabolism, and regulates the activity of tumor cells. Furthermore, peripheral organs and receptors can be damaged during tumor progression, and P2X7R expression in nerve cells (such as microglia) is significantly upregulated, enhancing sensory afferent information, sensitizing the central nervous system, and inducing or exacerbating pain. These findings reveal that the ATP-P2X7R signaling axis plays a key regulatory role in the pathogenesis of tumors and cancer pain and also has a therapeutic role. Accordingly, in this study, we explored the role of P2X7R in tumors and cancer pain, discussed the pharmacological properties of inhibiting P2X7R activity (such as the use of antagonists) or blocking its expression in the treatment of tumor and cancer pain, and provided an important evidence for the treatment of both in the future.

13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716540

ABSTRACT

Bone cancer pain (BCP), due to cancer bone metastasis and bone destruction, is a common symptom of tumors, including breast, prostate, and lung tumors. Patients often experience severe pain without effective treatment. Here, using a mouse model of bone cancer, we report that MOTS-c, a novel mitochondrial-derived peptide, confers remarkable protection against cancer pain and bone destruction. Briefly, we find that the plasma level of endogenous MOTS-c is significantly lower in the BCP group than in the sham group. Accordingly, intraperitoneal administration of MOTS-c robustly attenuates bone cancer-induced pain. These effects are blocked by compound C, an AMPK inhibitor. Furthermore, MOTS-c treatment significantly enhances AMPKα 1/2 phosphorylation. Interestingly, mechanical studies indicate that at the spinal cord level, MOTS-c relieves pain by restoring mitochondrial biogenesis, suppressing microglial activation, and decreasing the production of inflammatory factors, which directly contribute to neuronal modulation. However, in the periphery, MOTS-c protects against local bone destruction by modulating osteoclast and immune cell function in the tumor microenvironment, providing long-term relief from cancer pain. Additionally, we find that chronic administration of MOTS-c has little effect on liver, renal, lipid or cardiac function in mice. In conclusion, MOTS-c improves BCP through peripheral and central synergistic effects on nociceptors, immune cells, and osteoclasts, providing a pharmacological and biological rationale for the development of mitochondrial peptide-based therapeutic agents for cancer-induced pain.

14.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1371779, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725634

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer (CC) occupies the second place in incidence and mortality among women in México. Despite this, Cervical Cancer continues to have a late diagnosis which leads to a high rate of complications. Pain represents the most feared and disabling symptom, being present in up to 86% of patients with advanced disease. The approach to managing pain in this population has not been studied and described to a full extent. In addition, there is a pressing need to provide concise recommendations to promote adequate pain control. We performed a review of the literature in CC and had experts in the field of pain management evaluate the evidence found. We then issued relevant recommendations on pharmacology and interventional pain management. Thus, the approach to pain management must be comprehensive and individualized, considering the timely and appropriate use of pharmacologic treatment as well as interventional procedures.

15.
Digit Health ; 10: 20552076241255654, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766359

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to develop an individual WeChat Mini Program to provide pharmaceutical care to better manage cancer pain patients and to evaluate its feasibility and the differences in analgesic efficacy, medication adherence and safety versus conventional pharmacy interventions. Methods: In this parallel randomized clinical trial, 42 cancer pain patients were equally allocated into the experimental group and the control group. The experimental group received individualized pharmaceutical care based on the "Yao Nin You Wo" WeChat Mini Program, while the control group received conventional care during the 4-week period. Main outcomes contained pain scores, medication adherence, incidences and relief rates of breakthrough pain, and incidences of adverse events. Relief rates of pain were also calculated according to pain scores. Results: At the beginning of intervention, none of the pain scores and medication adherence showed relevant differences between the two groups (all P > .05). After intervention, the experimental group had significantly lower pain scores compared to the control group (P = .003). Breakthrough pain of both groups was alleviate; not only the incidence of breakthrough pain considerably was lower at 4 weeks than at baseline, but the relief rate of breakthrough in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group. Compared with the control group, the medication adherence rate of the experimental group was significantly improved (P = .02). Types of adverse events that happened in experimental and groups were similar, but the total incidence of adverse events in the experimental group was lower than that in the control group. Conclusions: WeChat Mini Program is a useful and facilitative tool with the potential to improve cancer pain self-management ability in discharged patients. In addition, pharmacists could play a key role through the Mini Program to connect with patients successfully by providing personalized pharmaceutical services.

16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764325

ABSTRACT

Currently, the clinical treatment of bone cancer pain (BCP) is mainly related to its pathogenesis. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the potential role of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) in BCP in the spinal cord dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of BCP rats and its specific regulatory mechanism in N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor subunit 2B (NR2B). A rat model of BCP was constructed by tibial injection of Walker256 cells, and ALKBH5 and NR2B expression in the spinal cord DRG was detected. ALKBH5 was silenced or overexpressed in PC12 cells to verify the regulatory effect of ALKBH5 on NR2B. The specific mechanism underlying the interaction between ALKBH5 and NR2B was investigated using methylated RNA immunoprecipitation and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays. The results showed increased expression of m6A, decreased expression of ALKBH5, and increased expression of NR2B in the DRG of the BCP rat model. Overexpression of ALKBH5 inhibited NR2B expression, whereas interference with ALKBH5 caused an increase in NR2B expression. In NR2B, interference with ALKBH5 caused an increase in m6A modification, which caused an increase in NR2B. Taken together, ALKBH5 affected the expression of NR2B by influencing the stability of the m6A modification site of central NR2B, revealing that ALKBH5 is a therapeutic target for BCP.

17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38670492

ABSTRACT

Oncologic chronic pain is often difficult to control, especially in anatomical areas with multiple and complex innervation, such as the pelvic/perineal region. The ganglion impar block (GIB) is a procedure with growing interest and varied applicability. It has been used in several benign and malignant causes of pelvic and perineal pain refractory to pharmacological treatment. We conducted a review of all articles published in PUBMED® until the 30th of October 2022 regarding GIB in oncologic pain. 19 articles were identified with a total of 278 patients. Both chronic cancer pain and chronic postcancer treatment pain patients were included. We reviewed the various techniques, approaches, and therapeutic options that were employed. No serious adverse effects were reported. GIB appears to be an effective and safe procedure that should be considered in patients with intractable perineal cancer-related pain.

18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38670295

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Opioids are a first-line treatment for severe cancer pain. However, clinicians may be reluctant to prescribe opioids for patients with concurrent substance use disorders (SUD) or clinical concerns about non-prescribed substance use. MEASURES: Patient volume, 60-day retention rate, and use of sublingual buprenorphine to treat opioid use disorder. INTERVENTION: We created the Palliative Harm Reduction and Resiliency Clinic, a palliative care clinic founded on harm reduction principles and including formal collaboration with addiction psychiatry. OUTCOMES: During the first 18 months, patient volume increased steadily; 70% of patients had at least one subsequent visit within 60 days of the initial appointment; and buprenorphine was prescribed for 55% of patients with opioid use disorder. CONCLUSIONS/LESSONS LEARNED: The formal collaboration with addiction psychiatry and the integration of harm reduction principles and practices into ambulatory palliative care improved our ability to provide treatment to a previously underserved patient population with high symptom burden.

19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38677489

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Pain is a prevalent symptom in patients with serious illness and often requires interventional approaches for adequate treatment. Little is known about referral patterns and collaborative attitudes of palliative physicians regarding pain management specialists. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate referral rates, co-management strategies, and beliefs of palliative physicians about the value of Pain Medicine specialists in patients with serious illness. METHODS: A 30-question survey with demographic, referral/practice, and attitudes/belief questions was mailed to 1000 AAHPM physician members. Responses were characterized with descriptive statistics and further analyzed for associations between training experiences, practice environment, and educational activities with collaborative practice patterns and beliefs. RESULTS: The response rate was 52.6%. Most survey respondents had initial board certification primarily in internal medicine (n = 286, 56%) or family medicine (n = 144, 28%). A minority of respondents had completed a formal ABMS Hospice and Palliative Medicine fellowship (n = 178, 34%). Respondents had been in practice for a median of nine years, (range 1-38 years) primarily in community hospitals (n = 249, 47%) or academic hospitals (n = 202, 38%). The variables best associated with collaborative practices and attitudes was practice in an academic hospital setting and participation in regular joint academic conferences with pain medicine clinicians. CONCLUSION: This study shows that Palliative Care physicians have highly positive attitudes toward Pain Medicine specialists, but referrals remain low. Facilitating professional collaboration via joint educational/clinical sessions is one possible solution to drive ongoing interprofessional care in patients with complex pain.

20.
Urologie ; 63(5): 497-506, 2024 May.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597946

ABSTRACT

Pharmacological pain therapy in cancer patients is based on guideline recommendations, which, however, do not fully coincide in all aspects due to varying weighting of evidence. The present article discusses current issues including the decreasing significance of the World Health Organization (WHO) analgesic ladder, with its distinction between step 2 and 3 being increasingly questioned. Risks of nonopioid analgesics such as paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), particularly in older populations, are discussed. Paracetamol may potentially reduce the effectiveness of immunotherapies. Aspects of administering analgesics via a feeding tube are considered. Recommendations for the treatment of episodic pain, transitioning between different opioids, and some relevant interactions are also discussed.


Subject(s)
Cancer Pain , Pain Management , Humans , Cancer Pain/drug therapy , Pain Management/methods , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Analgesics/administration & dosage , Analgesics/adverse effects , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Analgesics, Opioid/adverse effects , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Acetaminophen/therapeutic use , Acetaminophen/adverse effects
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