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1.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553824

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Acidentes ofídicos são doenças negligenciadas e constituem uma parcela importante da morbidade de pessoas em idade produtiva que vivem em zonas rurais. A maior parte dos seus efeitos a curto prazo é amplamente conhecida, especialmente aqueles de natureza clínica; no entanto, ainda se observa lacuna importante do conhecimento das consequências a longo prazo de tais agravos, notadamente as de ordem psíquica. Este artigo relata um caso de adoecimento mental subsequente a um acidente crotálico e gera reflexões de âmbito cultural e fisiopatológico a respeito das sequelas de tais eventos. Apresentação do caso: Trata-se de adolescente residente no interior baiano que foi vítima de mordedura por cascavel e teve necessidade de hospitalização em unidade de terapia intensiva. Observou-se que, mesmo após melhora clínica, iniciou com sintomas psicóticos prodrômicos e progrediu para piora mental grave, que culminou em internação psiquiátrica e diagnóstico de esquizofrenia no decorrer dos meses seguintes. Conclusões: Nota-se, neste caso, correlação direta entre esses dois eventos; mas, em razão da escassez de trabalhos científicos que abordem tais questões, depreende-se que é preciso investigar e estudar com maior profundidade possíveis associações entre acidentes crotálicos e psicoses.


Introduction: Snakebites are neglected diseases and constitute an important part of the morbidity of working-age people who live in rural areas. Most of their short-term effects are widely known, especially those of a clinical nature; however, there is still an important gap in the knowledge of the long-term consequences of such injuries, notably those of a psychotic nature. This article aims to report a case of mental illness subsequent to a rattlesnake bite accident and generate cultural and pathophysiological reflections regarding the consequences of such events. Case presentation: An adolescent residing in the interior of the state of Bahia was bitten by a rattlesnake and required hospitalization in an intensive care unit. It was observed that even after clinical improvement, the case started with prodromal psychotic symptoms and progressed to severe mental deterioration that culminated in psychiatric hospitalization and diagnosis of schizophrenia over the following months. Conclusions: In this case, there was a direct correlation between these two events, but because of the scarcity of scientific works that address such issues, it is necessary to investigate and study in greater depth possible associations between snakebite accidents and psychoses.


Introducción: Las mordeduras de serpientes son enfermedades desatendidas y constituyen una parte importante de la morbilidad de las personas en edad laboral que viven en zonas rurales. La mayoría de sus efectos a corto plazo son ampliamente conocidos, especialmente los de carácter clínico; sin embargo, todavía existe un importante vacío en el conocimiento de las consecuencias a largo plazo de este tipo de lesiones, en particular las de carácter psíquico. Este artículo tiene como objetivo informar un caso de enfermedad mental posterior a un accidente crotálico y generar reflexiones culturales y fisiopatológicas sobre las consecuencias de tales eventos. Presentación del caso: Se trata de un adolescente residente en el interior de Bahía que fue mordido por una serpiente cascabel y requirió hospitalización en unidad de cuidados intensivos. Se observó que, aún después de la mejoría clínica, comenzó con síntomas psicóticos prodrómicos y progresó a un deterioro mental severo que culminó con hospitalización psiquiátrica y diagnóstico de esquizofrenia en los meses siguientes. Conclusiones: En este caso, existe una correlación directa entre estos dos eventos pero, debido a la escasez de trabajos científicos que aborden tales cuestiones, parece necesario investigar y estudiar con mayor profundidad posibles asociaciones entre accidentes crotálicos y psicosis.

2.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1561703

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A lombalgia é uma condição prevalente e que apresenta importante impacto na capacidade funcional e na qualidade de vida, sendo a sua correta abordagem na Atenção Primária à Saúde fundamental para a identificação e o estabelecimento de um diagnóstico etiológico precoce de possíveis patologias que possam estar relacionadas a desfechos mórbidos e a graves limitações funcionais. Apresentação do caso: Paciente de 56 anos, sexo masculino, hipertenso, foi encaminhado para serviço especializado de reumatologia com histórico de lombalgia havia mais de 20 anos. Ao exame físico foi constatada presença de deformidades da coluna vertebral e extensa limitação de movimentos. Exames radiográficos mostravam esclerose de articulações sacroilíacas, osteopenia difusa e coluna vertebral em aspecto de "bambu". Conclusões: Constata-se a importância de que na abordagem das lombalgias na atenção primária se busque o reconhecimento de possíveis etiologias graves e potencialmente incapacitantes que possam estar subjacentes à queixa de dor lombar. Com esse objetivo, é fundamental o reconhecimento das chamadas red flags relacionadas às lombalgias, além de sua caracterização como mecânica ou inflamatória. Perante a atuação da atenção primária no oferecimento de um cuidado pautado na integralidade e na prevenção de agravos, reafirma-se a importância de uma avaliação clínica pormenorizada das lombalgias nesse nível de atenção à saúde.


Introduction: Low back pain is a prevalent condition that has an important impact on functional capacity and quality of life, and its correct approach in Primary Care is fundamental to the identification and establishment of an early etiological diagnosis of possible pathologies that may be related to outcomes morbid conditions and serious functional limitations. Case presentation: 56-year-old male patient, hypertensive, referred to a specialized rheumatology service with a history of low back pain for over 20 years. Physical examination revealed the presence of spinal deformities and extensive movement limitations. Radiographic examinations showing sclerosis of the sacro-iliac joints, diffuse osteopenia and a "bamboo" appearance of the spine. Conclusions: It is important that in the approach of low back pain in Primary Care, we seek to recognize possible serious and potentially disabling etiologies that may underlie the complaint of low back pain. For that, it is essential to recognize the so-called "red flags" related to low back pain, in addition to its characterization as mechanical or inflammatory. Given the role of Primary Care in offering care based on integrality and in the prevention of injuries, the importance of a detailed clinical assessment of low back pain at this level of health care is reaffirmed.


Introducción: La lumbalgia es una patología prevalente que tiene un impacto importante en la capacidad funcional y la calidad de vida, y su correcto abordaje en Atención Primaria de Salud es fundamental para la identificación y establecimiento de un diagnóstico etiológico precoz de posibles patologías que puedan estar relacionadas con los resultados, condiciones morbosas y limitaciones funcionales graves. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 56 años, hipertenso, remitido a servicio especializado de reumatología con antecedentes de dolor lumbar de más de 20 años. El examen físico reveló la presencia de deformidades de la columna y amplias limitaciones de movimiento. Los exámenes radiológicos muestran esclerosis de las articulaciones sacroilíacas, osteopenia difusa y una apariencia de "bambú" de la columna. Conclusiones: Es importante que al abordar la lumbalgia en Atención Primaria de Salud busquemos reconocer las posibles etiologías graves y potencialmente incapacitantes que pueden subyacer a la queja de lumbalgia. Con este objetivo, es fundamental reconocer las llamadas "banderas rojas" relacionadas con la lumbalgia, además de su caracterización como mecánica o inflamatoria. Dado el papel de Atención Primaria de Salud a la hora de ofrecer una atención basada en la integralidad y prevención de enfermedades, se reafirma la importancia de una evaluación clínica detallada de la lumbalgia en este nivel de atención sanitaria.

3.
Arch Craniofac Surg ; 2024 Jul 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39019078

ABSTRACT

Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare condition characterized by nodular lesions predominantly in the head and neck region, often causing discomfort or pain. Treatment remains challenging because of its rarity and the lack of established guidelines. This report presents a case of ALHE affecting the earlobes that was successfully managed using ear lobule reduction surgery and subsequent intralesional steroid injections. A 31-year-old woman with a history of recurrent earlobe masses underwent a partial excision to avoid the loss of the earlobe. Histopathological examination confirmed Kimura disease, a variant of ALHE. Subsequent local methylprednisolone injections effectively controlled the remaining lesions, resulting in significant size reduction without notching. Various treatment modalities have been attempted for this condition; however, recurrence rates remain high. Surgical resection combined with intralesional corticosteroid injections is the preferred approach. In this case, a sub-antitragal groove technique for earlobe reduction was employed to preserve the lateral edge of the ear lobule, minimize the risk of deformity, and achieve a predictable outcome. The sub-antitragal groove technique offers an approach to reduce earlobe size without compromising aesthetics. Further research is required to elucidate the pathogenesis of ALHE and establish standardized treatment protocols for this rare condition.

4.
Eur J Hosp Pharm ; 2024 Jul 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39019577

ABSTRACT

Changes in absorption and bioavailability of drugs have been described after bariatric surgery, especially shortly after the procedure. When a significant drug-drug interaction also occurs, it is difficult to predict the final combined effect of the surgery and the interaction. In this article, we present a case report of a patient with chronic psychiatric poly-medication including carbamazepine, a strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inducer. Significant changes in serum drug concentrations were observed during the 6 months after the surgery, including increased levels of quetiapine and trazodone, that cannot be attributed to the post-surgical alteration of absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. The influence of fluctuating carbamazepine levels on concomitant medication seemed to outweigh the effect of reduced absorption after surgery. This report highlights the need for careful pre-surgical evaluation of the patient's pharmacotherapy and pre- and post-operative therapeutic drug monitoring to prevent destabilisation of chronic conditions.

5.
Arch Craniofac Surg ; 2024 Jul 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39020470

ABSTRACT

Pleomorphic adenoma is a benign tumor that can occur in the salivary glands, most commonly in the parotid gland. While it primarily occurs in the major salivary glands, it can sometimes be found in the minor salivary glands. Within the minor salivary glands, it most often originates in the hard palate and soft palate, and less frequently in the upper lips. Due to its location in the minor salivary glands, most pleomorphic adenoma involve and protrude on the mucosa. A 61-year-old man presented with 1.5 cm exophytic mass on the skin of his upper lip. This mass was exophytic on the skin and did not involve or protrude into the inner lip mucosa. The mass was entirely excised, and a subsequent permanent biopsy diagnosed it as a pleomorphic adenoma. In such situations, it can be challenging to suspect pleomorphic adenoma during a physical examination, leading to potential diagnostic confusion. It might also be mistaken for an inclusion cyst or another type of mass, making it tempting to treat without verifying the pathological results.

6.
Clin Case Rep ; 12(7): e9006, 2024 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38947543

ABSTRACT

Key clinical message: This was the first report of a pseudoaneurysm in a vaginal artery after hysterectomy, unlike other published studies that were of pseudoaneurysms in uterine or vaginal arteries after delivery. Abstract: A 51-year-old woman presented with massive vaginal bleeding 7 days after a hysterectomy, which caused hemoglobin to drop. The patient was suspicious of having a vaginal artery pseudoaneurysm according to the sonography. Her bleeding was stopped after the ligation of her left internal iliac artery.

8.
HCA Healthc J Med ; 5(2): 129-132, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38984221

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Mpox, formerly known as monkeypox, is a zoonotic virus in the genus Orthopoxvirus, which has a variable incubation period and an extensive array of symptoms. While those infected with Mpox have displayed generalized viral prodromal symptoms, atypical symptoms such as proctitis have also been seen. Proctitis associated with Mpox is a relatively infrequent initial presenting symptom with a reported incidence of 14-32.9% that has seen an uptick in prevalence since the 2022 global endemic. Case Presentation: We present a confirmed case of Mpox in a 27-year-old male who presented with 3 days of intermittent anorectal bleeding and various forms of cutaneous lesions at different stages of healing. He had engaged in unprotected sexual intercourse 8 days prior to the onset of his symptoms in New York, which at the time was the epicenter of the endemic. Computed tomography imaging showed thickening of the rectum with associated lymphadenopathy, consistent with findings of acute proctitis. Conclusion: The intent of this case report is to acknowledge the prevalence of the Mpox virus. Since the endemic, increased cases of Mpox have led to more complications that have been identified and studied by public health experts. The complication of proctitis due to Mpox in a certain subset of patients is important to fully understand that while this virus presents with a generalized prodrome like other viruses, these unique gastrointestinal presentations and findings may be the first step in identifying this infection and ensuring rapid treatment if future endemics arrive.

9.
Korean J Clin Oncol ; 20(1): 41-45, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38988018

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide. Breast cancer often metastasizes to the regional lymph nodes, bone, brain, liver, and lungs, whereas gastrointestinal tract metastases are rare. Herein, we present a rare case of rectal metastasis from breast cancer that occurred during palliative chemotherapy. A 69-year-old female with a history of invasive ductal carcinoma, negative for hormonal receptors and positive for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptor, underwent various treatments, including neoadjuvant chemotherapy, breast-conserving surgery, and adjuvant therapy. Eight months postoperatively, the patient experienced axillary lymph node recurrence, requiring palliative chemotherapy. Despite ongoing treatment, metastatic lesions were confirmed in the lungs and pleura. During palliative chemotherapy, the patient developed anal pain, and subsequent examination revealed an infiltrating rectal lesion. Despite histological confirmation of metastatic breast carcinoma and tubular adenoma, a multidisciplinary decision was made regarding palliative chemotherapy over surgical intervention. Eribulin was administered, but due to the patient's inability to tolerate the treatment, she passed away 3 months after rectal lesion diagnosis. Although breast cancer metastasis to the rectum is rare, clinicians should consider the possibility of rectal involvement and perform a digital rectal examination if anal symptoms are present.

10.
Korean J Clin Oncol ; 20(1): 36-40, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38988017

ABSTRACT

Distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy is considered the standard operation for pancreas tail and body cancer. However, splenectomy may be option for benign or low-grade malignant tumors including mucinous cystadenoma and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm. If spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (SPDP) with borderline lesion is performed and pancreas cancer is diagnosed on postoperative pathologic finding, if it is R0 resection, the necessity of additional splenectomy remains questionable. The authors would like report two clinical cases diagnosed as pancreatic cancer on postoperative pathology after SPDP and under observation without additional splenectomy.

11.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 20(1): 2370085, 2024 Dec 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38967227

ABSTRACT

Small cell carcinoma of the esophagus (SCCE) is a rare and highly malignant type of esophageal cancer with no standard treatment, facing challenges of resistance to conventional therapies. This study presents the cases of one extensive-stage and two limited-stage SCCE patients treated with chemoimmunotherapy. The two limited-stage patients underwent surgery post-treatment and experienced notable and enduring positive responses. This represents the first documented application of neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy in limited-stage SCCE patients. Additionally, comprehensive immunohistochemical analysis and whole exome sequencing were performed on the case patients. The findings revealed that infiltration of CD8+ T cells and PD-L1 expression in the SCCE tumor were key factors for favorable responses in SCCE patients receiving chemoimmunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Small Cell , Esophageal Neoplasms , Immunotherapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/therapy , Esophageal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Carcinoma, Small Cell/therapy , Carcinoma, Small Cell/drug therapy , Male , Immunotherapy/methods , Middle Aged , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Treatment Outcome , Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Female , Exome Sequencing
12.
Cureus ; 16(7): e63870, 2024 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38974400

ABSTRACT

Primary renal lymphoma (PRL) is a rare non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) involving the kidneys without evidence of extra-renal involvement. We describe a 66-year-old female who presented with bilateral pleural effusions, and acute renal failure and was diagnosed with primary renal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). She presented with shortness of breath due to bilateral pleural effusions and acute renal failure. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest reported bilateral pleural effusions. Thoracocentesis and subsequent fluid analysis reported non-malignant effusion. Her kidney function worsened during her hospital stay, requiring dialysis. Nonspecific findings such as bilateral renal enlargement on imaging prompted a renal biopsy. Histopathology reported mixed tubulointerstitial atypical lymphocytic CD 20 and BCL-6 positive cell infiltrates, confirming non-Hodgkin diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Whole-body positron emission tomography/CT (PET/CT) and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ruled out the involvement of any other organs or lymph nodes, confirming our diagnosis of PRL. She was treated with six cycles of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). Her kidney function recovered fully and remained normal at the one-year follow-up. We highlight the importance of recognizing PRL as an underlying cause of renal failure and its association with autoimmune diseases. Prompt investigation with timely diagnosis and treatment can result in improved morbidity and mortality in these patients.

13.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 255: 108326, 2024 Jul 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39029416

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Researchers commonly use automated solutions such as Natural Language Processing (NLP) systems to extract clinical information from large volumes of unstructured data. However, clinical text's poor semantic structure and domain-specific vocabulary can make it challenging to develop a one-size-fits-all solution. Large Language Models (LLMs), such as OpenAI's Generative Pre-Trained Transformer 3 (GPT-3), offer a promising solution for capturing and standardizing unstructured clinical information. This study evaluated the performance of InstructGPT, a family of models derived from LLM GPT-3, to extract relevant patient information from medical case reports and discussed the advantages and disadvantages of LLMs versus dedicated NLP methods. METHODS: In this paper, 208 articles related to case reports of foreign body injuries in children were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. A reviewer manually extracted information on sex, age, the object that caused the injury, and the injured body part for each patient to build a gold standard to compare the performance of InstructGPT. RESULTS: InstructGPT achieved high accuracy in classifying the sex, age, object and body part involved in the injury, with 94%, 82%, 94% and 89%, respectively. When excluding articles for which InstructGPT could not retrieve any information, the accuracy for determining the child's sex and age improved to 97%, and the accuracy for identifying the injured body part improved to 93%. InstructGPT was also able to extract information from non-English language articles. CONCLUSIONS: The study highlights that LLMs have the potential to eliminate the necessity for task-specific training (zero-shot extraction), allowing the retrieval of clinical information from unstructured natural language text, particularly from published scientific literature like case reports, by directly utilizing the PDF file of the article without any pre-processing and without requiring any technical expertise in NLP or Machine Learning. The diverse nature of the corpus, which includes articles written in languages other than English, some of which contain a wide range of clinical details while others lack information, adds to the strength of the study.

14.
JMIR Med Inform ; 12: e59680, 2024 Jul 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38954456

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Named entity recognition (NER) is a fundamental task in natural language processing. However, it is typically preceded by named entity annotation, which poses several challenges, especially in the clinical domain. For instance, determining entity boundaries is one of the most common sources of disagreements between annotators due to questions such as whether modifiers or peripheral words should be annotated. If unresolved, these can induce inconsistency in the produced corpora, yet, on the other hand, strict guidelines or adjudication sessions can further prolong an already slow and convoluted process. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to address these challenges by evaluating 2 novel annotation methodologies, lenient span and point annotation, aiming to mitigate the difficulty of precisely determining entity boundaries. METHODS: We evaluate their effects through an annotation case study on a Japanese medical case report data set. We compare annotation time, annotator agreement, and the quality of the produced labeling and assess the impact on the performance of an NER system trained on the annotated corpus. RESULTS: We saw significant improvements in the labeling process efficiency, with up to a 25% reduction in overall annotation time and even a 10% improvement in annotator agreement compared to the traditional boundary-strict approach. However, even the best-achieved NER model presented some drop in performance compared to the traditional annotation methodology. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate a balance between annotation speed and model performance. Although disregarding boundary information affects model performance to some extent, this is counterbalanced by significant reductions in the annotator's workload and notable improvements in the speed of the annotation process. These benefits may prove valuable in various applications, offering an attractive compromise for developers and researchers.

15.
Arch Craniofac Surg ; 25(3): 150-154, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38977400

ABSTRACT

This case report describes a rare occurrence of pyogenic granuloma (PG) in the hard palate deviating from its typical gingival location that led to the formation of an alveolar cleft. The aggressive growth pattern of the lesion, with atypical progression from a pedunculated nodule to an alveolar cleft, raised concern. The diagnosis was based on magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography findings, which revealed a tadpole-shaped lesion originating from the midline hard palate. The differential diagnosis included a minor salivary gland tumor. Surgical excision was performed under general anesthesia and resulted in a mucosal defect without nasolabial fistula formation or bone exposure. The palatal defect was packed with oxidized regenerated cellulose and closed with Vicryl Rapide sutures, both of which contributed to the patient's successful outcomes. Our comprehensive approach, extending across the stages of surgical planning, execution, and postoperative care, demonstrated the advantages of a multidisciplinary strategy for the accurate diagnosis and effective treatment of palatal PGs. This report makes a meaningful contribution to the existing literature on common oral lesions by emphasizing the importance of a broad differential diagnosis and a systematic approach to oral pathologies. It also raises clinical awareness of PGs with atypical presentations and the diagnostic challenge that they pose.

16.
Arch Craniofac Surg ; 25(3): 145-149, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38977399

ABSTRACT

The superficial temporal artery (STA) bifurcates into frontal and parietal branches. The parietal branch is used as a recipient vessel for scalp reconstruction, but it is absent in approximately 16.3% of individuals. In this case, a 72-year-old woman with an occipital scalp defect lacked both the parietal branch of the STA and the superficial temporal vein. To address this anatomic variation, we used the frontal branch of the STA and the posterior auricular vein as alternative recipient vessels for anterolateral thigh free flap reconstruction. The surgical procedure involved end-to-end microvascular anastomosis of one artery and one vein. Partial flap necrosis occurred postoperatively, but eventually resolved with debridement. The frontal branch of the STA and the posterior auricular vein can serve as reliable alternatives in the absence of the parietal branch. Reconstructive surgeons should be aware of anatomic variations of the STA and adapt their surgical approach accordingly.

17.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 121: 109944, 2024 Jul 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39024990

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Calcifying fibrous tumor (CFT) is a rare benign mesenchymal lesion that has been occurred in the gastrointestinal tract, especially occurs most commonly in the stomach and the small and large intestines. CASE PRESENTATION: 74-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with complaints of epigastric discomfort. Whole-body computed tomography (CT) revealed a 2.2-cm mass with a 1.2-cm low-density area at the anterior wall in the gastric cardia and lesser omentum; however, no abnormal uptake at the same site was noted on positron emission tomography (PET). We performed laparoscopic tumor resection of the two sites. The postoperative course was good without complications. Histopathological findings revealed collagen fibrous granulation connective tissue and psammomatous calcification. Subsequently, the patient has been relapse-free for 6 months. CLINICAL DISCUSSION: CFT is a rare benign tumor that commonly occurs in soft tissues, such as the subcutaneous extremities and neck. In particular, development from the stomach and lesser omentum has never been reported. Our case was incidentally found on a general examination. In our case, CT showed a low-density area, MRI showed a low-intensity area, and PET examination showed no uptake; it was difficult to establish a preoperative diagnosis. Therefore, in our case, laparoscopic tumor resection was performed, with GIST as the differential diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: We herein reported a rare gastric and lesser omentum CFT that was successfully treated by laparoscopic surgery. For curative treatment of CFT, complete surgical resection is necessary.

19.
Autops Case Rep ; 14: e2024492, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39021469

ABSTRACT

The anatomy of the femoral triangle is explored in various approaches, ranging from pulse verification to invasive catheterization procedures. Within the femoral triangle, the deep femoral artery is one of the vessels reported to present several anatomical variations that must be considered before clinical or surgical interventions. Here, we are reporting a unique bilateral variation of the deep femoral artery for medical education purposes and reflecting on its applied, surgical, and clinical anatomy. During the dissection of the femoral triangle, we observed that the deep femoral artery originated in the vicinity of the inguinal ligament and ran in parallel with the femoral artery in a superficial trajectory on both sides of the donor. On the right side, the DFA continued superficial for 8.8 cm, with an origin of 1.2 cm inferior to the inguinal ligament. On the left side, it presented a similar anatomical arrangement, though with an origin of 1.6cm inferior to the inguinal ligament and a superficial course of 5cm. The position of the lateral circumflex femoral vein posterior to the deep femoral artery played a role in this distinctive, lengthy, and superficial presentation of the deep femoral artery. This anatomical variation directly affects surgical procedures, diagnostics, and endovascular interventions. A deep femoral artery with such a lengthy superficial trajectory can be mistakenly used for catheterization instead of the femoral artery or be injured, disrupting the main blood supply of the thigh muscles.

20.
Autops Case Rep ; 14: e2024498, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39021471

ABSTRACT

Localized cystic kidney disease (LCKD) is a distinct renal disorder characterized by the presence of cysts within specific regions of the kidneys. We present a rare case of a 41-year-old African American man, who presented to our medical center with lower urinary tract symptoms and gross hematuria. The initial assessment culminated in the identification of an uncomplicated urinary tract infection, prompting the prescription of appropriate oral antibiotic therapy. On follow-up after 5 months, the patient presented with gross hematuria. Imaging studies revealed a mixed-density cystic lesion of 2.6 cm situated within the interpolar region of the right kidney. This cystic lesion exhibited intricate septations at the superior pole of the kidney. Robotic-assisted right partial nephrectomy was performed, and pathologic examination was diagnostic for LCKD. This report not only underscores the uniqueness of LCKD but also presents a comprehensive review of the existing literature that pertains to this condition. Particular emphasis is placed upon its inherent benign behavior and its marked divergence from the progressive trajectory commonly associated with other renal diseases. We also explored the incidental findings of the disease, its diverse clinical symptomatology, conceivable etiological underpinnings, and the array of diagnostic modalities used. Finally, similarities in histopathologic findings with polycystic kidney disease and other entities are discussed, underscoring the importance of accurate diagnosis and management.

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