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1.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 328, 2024 Jul 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39023647

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the eyelid features' changes after N95 face mask (FM) usage in healthcare workers through the new type of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and make a comparison with home-office workers as a control group with a computer vision algorithm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty healthcare workers and forty control participants with similar demographic features included. Standardized biometric photographs which were taken before and after the COVID-19 pandemic, analyzed by the ImageJ program (NIH, Bethesda, Md.) software. The distances between the central light reflex on the cornea and the upper (UE) and lower eyelid (LE) were recorded as the marginal reflex distances. (MRD1, MRD2 respectively) Parameters of pretarsal show (PTS) of UE and brow pupil diameter (BPD) were analyzed for both of the eyes. RESULTS: There were no significant differences among the groups' measurements before the COVID-19 pandemic. In healthcare workers' group after the pandemic, values of MRD1, PTS, BPD showed a significant decrease in their right eye (p = 0.001, p = 0.002, p = 0.001 respectively) and same values reduced in the left eyes as well when compared with pre-pandemic measurements. (p = 0.048, p = 0.001, p = 0.001 respectively) PTS and BPD values were decreased for both right and left eyes of the controls. (p = 0.044, p = 0.001 and p = 0.001, p = 0.001 respectively) MRD1 measurements after the pandemic showed no difference either in the right or left eyes of the control group after the pandemic. (p = 0.071 and p = 0.065 respectively). DISCUSSION: Results showed that both BPD and PTS values decreased independently from the previous FM usage in both of the groups. Even though MRD1 values remained within the normal values, a significant decrease was detected in the healthcare workers group which suggested the cause was newly developed upper eyelid (UE) dermatochalasis after long hours of FM usage. Although it is hard to make a truly objective evaluation both usage of standardized biometric photographs and a computer-based measurement system makes the results reliable.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Eyelids , Health Personnel , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , N95 Respirators , Pandemics , Masks
2.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 284, 2024 Jul 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956555

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The red panda is currently the only surviving member of the Ailuridae family in the Caniformia suborder. In this study, we provide data on anatomical, morphometric, histological and histochemical examination of the orbital region, eyelids, orbital gland, and eye tunics in two adult males Ailurus fulgens fulgens from the Wroclaw Zoological Garden, Poland. METHODS: The study involved morphometric analysis of the eyeball and selected accessory organs of the eye, along with analysis of the bony orbit, including its morphometry, macroscopic, and microscopic evaluation. Microscopic evaluation encompassed histological and histochemical staining, with the former involving hematoxylin & eosin (H&E), Movat pentachrome, picro-Mallory trichrome, Fontana-Masson, and the latter including PAS, AB pH 1.0, AB pH 2.5; AB pH 2.5/PAS, and HDI. RESULTS: The upper (UE) and lower (LE) eyelids presented well-developed tarsal glands, sebaceous glands, and a characteristic simple alveolar gland (producing a mucous secretion). The palpebral part of the lacrimal gland was present. A single lymphoid follicle was observed only in the upper eyelids. The superficial gland of the third eyelid (SGTE) was a multilobar acinar complex that produces mucous secretion and is contained within the interlobular ducts of numerous aggregates of lymph nodes. The third eyelid (TE) was T-shaped and composed of hyaline tissue, containing CALT. The lacrimal gland (LG) also revealed a multilobar acinar complex that produced mucous secretion, with a single lymphoid follicle. The cornea consisted of 4 layers, as Bowman's membrane was absent. The Vogt palisades composed of 7-10 layers of epithelial cells were demonstrated. The pupil was horizontally ovoid at rest (post-mortem). The sphincter pupil and the dilator pupil were well developed. Macroscopically, the tapetum lucidum appeared as a milky, non-opalescent crescent. Histologically, the choroidal tapetum lucidum cellulosum consisted of 5 to 9 layers of loosely packed oval cells. The retina showed a composition similar to that of terrestrial nocturnal carnivores. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our research indicate that the anatomical features of the eye and orbital region in the red panda share similarities with those described in the Musteloidea clade, as well as the Canidae and Ursidae families.


Subject(s)
Ailuridae , Animals , Male , Ailuridae/anatomy & histology , Orbit/anatomy & histology , Eye/anatomy & histology , Eyelids/anatomy & histology
3.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(6): 1178-1179, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38948995

ABSTRACT

Congenital eyelid imbrication syndrome (CEIS) is a rare condition presenting at birth and is characterised by overriding of the upper lid on the lower lid. It is due to longer upper lid, than the lower lid. Overriding leads to spontaneous eversion of the upper lids. In our patient, examination revealed canthal tendon laxity and hyperaemia of the tarsal conjunctiva. All the rest of the structures in the eyeball and adnexa were normal. Spontaneous eversion occurred in two weeks as the upper lid grew with time. No treatment was required.


Subject(s)
Eyelids , Humans , Pakistan/epidemiology , Eyelids/abnormalities , Female , Male , Eyelid Diseases/congenital , Eyelid Diseases/diagnosis , Infant, Newborn
4.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 121: 110047, 2024 Jul 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39029214

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Blepharochalasis is a rare eyelid condition that usually affects the upper eyelids and is characterized by persistent, painless edema. This article emphasizes how difficult it can be to diagnose blepharochalasis and how crucial it is to take it into account when making a differential diagnosis for recurrent eyelid swelling. Additionally, it highlights the necessity of surgical intervention and the limited effectiveness of medicinal therapy. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report features a 12-year-old kid who has experienced recurring swelling of the upper eyelid for the previous six years. This was eventually diagnosed as a rare condition called blepharochalasis, and treated with blepharoplasty. CLINICAL DISCUSSION: When nephrotic syndrome was first suspected, systemic involvement was ruled out by careful investigation. Upon physical examination, there was laxity of the eyelids and bilateral ptosis. Renal and liver function tests, among other laboratory testing, came back within normal ranges. The patient was sent to plastic surgery and had blepharoplasty. CONCLUSION: Blepharochalasis presents with recurrent eyelids swelling and is often misdiagnosed as other pathologies such as nephrotic syndrome. This case highlights the importance of clinical manifestation and management of blepharochalasis.

5.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 11(6)2024 Jun 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38927841

ABSTRACT

Background/Objectives: We defined the value of a machine learning algorithm to distinguish between the EEG response to no light or any light stimulations, and between light stimulations with different brightnesses in awake volunteers with closed eyelids. This new method utilizing EEG analysis is visionary in the understanding of visual signal processing and will facilitate the deepening of our knowledge concerning anesthetic research. Methods: X-gradient boosting models were used to classify the cortical response to visual stimulation (no light vs. light stimulations and two lights with different brightnesses). For each of the two classifications, three scenarios were tested: training and prediction in all participants (all), training and prediction in one participant (individual), and training across all but one participant with prediction performed in the participant left out (one out). Results: Ninety-four Caucasian adults were included. The machine learning algorithm had a very high predictive value and accuracy in differentiating between no light and any light stimulations (AUCROCall: 0.96; accuracyall: 0.94; AUCROCindividual: 0.96 ± 0.05, accuracyindividual: 0.94 ± 0.05; AUCROConeout: 0.98 ± 0.04; accuracyoneout: 0.96 ± 0.04). The machine learning algorithm was highly predictive and accurate in distinguishing between light stimulations with different brightnesses (AUCROCall: 0.97; accuracyall: 0.91; AUCROCindividual: 0.98 ± 0.04, accuracyindividual: 0.96 ± 0.04; AUCROConeout: 0.96 ± 0.05; accuracyoneout: 0.93 ± 0.06). The predictive value and accuracy of both classification tasks was comparable between males and females. Conclusions: Machine learning algorithms could almost continuously and reliably differentiate between the cortical EEG responses to no light or light stimulations using visual evoked potentials in awake female and male volunteers with eyes closed. Our findings may open new possibilities for the use of visual evoked potentials in the clinical and intraoperative setting.

6.
Cureus ; 16(5): e59551, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707755

ABSTRACT

Hypothyroidism commonly presents with dermatological and hair-related symptoms, although the loss of eyelashes and eyebrows is considered uncommon in clinical practice. Here, we present a case of milphosis secondary to uncontrolled hypothyroidism. A 24-year-old female with a history of hypothyroidism following total thyroidectomy and poor medication adherence presented with significant eyelash loss, accompanied by symptoms of dysphonia, bradyphrenia, bradylalia, constipation, pronounced fatigue, and drowsiness. Physical examination revealed periorbital edema and extensive eyelash loss affecting the upper eyelids. Laboratory analysis demonstrated a markedly elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level of 240.8 µIU/mL (normal range 0.38 to 5.33 µIU/L), confirming severe uncontrolled hypothyroidism. Levothyroxine treatment was reintroduced, leading to complete resolution of periorbital edema and regrowth of eyelashes after 12 weeks, coinciding with improvement in TSH levels. This clinical case adds to the limited literature on madarosis and milphosis as manifestations of hypothyroidism, emphasizing the importance of clinician awareness regarding their potential presentation in the context of the disease. Understanding these manifestations and their differential diagnoses is crucial for ensuring prompt and accurate diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 215, 2024 May 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705919

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is limited literature on the ocular manifestations in patients with psoriasis. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the prevalence of and factors associated with ocular manifestations in adults with psoriasis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included Brazilian adults with psoriasis. The dermatological evaluation included diagnosis, clinical form, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) measurement, and location of the lesions. Patients underwent a full ophthalmological examination, including the Schirmer I test, Rose Bengala staining, and tear breakup time tests. The results were analyzed using chi-square and Pearson's linear correlation tests. RESULTS: Of the 130 patients assessed, 118 (90.8%) exhibited ocular abnormalities, with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) being the most prevalent (59.2%), followed by dry eye disease (DED) (56.2%). A significant correlation was observed between MGD and PASI (p = 0.05), and between MGD and certain treatment modalities. DED was significantly associated with PASI (p < 0.05). Concurrent use of acitretin was identified as an independent predictor of MGD (odds ratio [OR] = 3.5, p < 0.05), whereas PASI was a protective factor against DED (OR = 0.39, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Given the high prevalence of eye disease among individuals with psoriasis, routine ophthalmological assessments are recommended to prevent possible ocular complications.


Subject(s)
Dry Eye Syndromes , Psoriasis , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Male , Psoriasis/epidemiology , Psoriasis/complications , Female , Brazil/epidemiology , Adult , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Dry Eye Syndromes/epidemiology , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Dry Eye Syndromes/diagnosis , Meibomian Gland Dysfunction/epidemiology , Meibomian Gland Dysfunction/diagnosis , Meibomian Gland Dysfunction/etiology , Severity of Illness Index , Aged , Young Adult
8.
Dermatopathology (Basel) ; 11(2): 142-146, 2024 Apr 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38651459

ABSTRACT

The intratarsal keratinous cyst (IKC) is a recently described entity, often clinically misdiagnosed as a chalazion. We report a case of a 61-year-old male patient with a chief complaint of a small lesion on the upper eyelid that evolved over six months. On physical examination, an asymptomatic, firm nodule was identified on the left upper eyelid. The patient reported no history of trauma. A provisional diagnosis of chalazion was established, and an excisional biopsy was performed. Histopathologically, the lesion was lined with a stratified squamous epithelium, with a corrugated epithelial surface showing abrupt keratinization without keratohyalin granules, and compact keratinous-appearing material in the cystic lumen. The diagnosis was IKC. No signs of recurrence were observed after one year of follow-up. It is essential to accurately diagnose IKC and distinguish it from chalazion and epidermal inclusion cysts, because IKC requires complete surgical excision and can exhibit multiple recurrences if not properly removed.

9.
Life (Basel) ; 14(3)2024 Feb 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541640

ABSTRACT

Subciliary incision is a common approach for facial fracture surgery; however, it has a higher incidence of lower lid ectropion, which can be particularly challenging for beginning surgeons to manage. This study reports the usage of lateral tarsoplasty combined with a full-thickness skin graft (FTSG) to correct severe ectropion following the subciliary approach for infra-orbital rim fractures. We retrospectively reviewed all facial fracture cases involving infra-orbital rim fractures through a subciliary approach treated in our department between March 2021 and May 2023. Electronic medical records and clinical digital photographs of patients who met the inclusion criteria were reviewed. After reviewing 196 cases that used the subciliary approach, we found 6 patients (3.06%; 4 males and 2 females; mean age, 68.5 ± 4.89 years) with postoperative severe ectropion managed using lateral tarsoplasty and FTSG. The mean ectropion development and correction times after facial fracture surgery were 0.78 ± 0.24 and 0.91 ± 0.37 months, respectively. At the 12-month follow-up, all patients showed favorable outcomes, and the position of their lower eyelids was well maintained without ectropion recurrence. Based on these successful outcomes, lateral tarsoplasty combined with FTSG is proposed to be an effective and straightforward method for managing lower eyelid ectropion caused by facial fracture surgery.

10.
J Med Case Rep ; 18(1): 159, 2024 Mar 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sebaceous carcinoma is a very rare malignant skin adnexal tumor that is occasionally aggressive. We have not seen a case of sebaceous carcinoma in our center in the last 10 years. It is extremely rare in Black Africans. CASE PRESENTATION: We described the case of a 55-year-old man African man who presented to our ophthalmologist with complaints of growth on the right upper eyelid for 8 months. He had surgery and chemotherapy for rectal carcinoma 6 years prior to presentation and received his last dose of chemotherapy 5 years before seeing our ophthalmologist. There was a history of spontaneous unprovoked bleeding from the lesion. He subsequently underwent surgical excision under general anesthesia. Histology of the mass showed an effaced architecture due to proliferating malignant epithelial cells disposed as trabecules, solid nests, and tongues. The microscopic features of widespread multivacuolated cytoplasm of the neoplastic cells led us to conclude that the tumor was a sebaceous carcinoma. The patient is alive and well. CONCLUSION: Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare malignant skin adnexal tumor in Black Africans. It can present as an eyelid mass with spontaneous bleeding. It can follow cancer chemotherapy either because of its association with other tumors in Muir-Torre syndrome or because of mutagenic effects of chemotherapeutic agents.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous , Blepharoptosis , Muir-Torre Syndrome , Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms , Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous/pathology , Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous/surgery , Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms/surgery
11.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-4, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525801

ABSTRACT

Cútis laxa é uma rara doença do tecido conectivo caracterizada pela disfunção das fibras elásticas. Indivíduos acometidos por essa enfermidade queixam-se de sua aparência envelhecida. Os tratamentos se baseiam no uso de cosméticos ou em técnicas cirúrgicas, sendo a cirurgia plástica uma ferramenta de extrema relevância. A blefaroplastia tem o objetivo de melhorar a aparência senil e proporcionar rejuvenescimento na área ao redor dos olhos, fazendo com que o olhar pareça mais descansado e alerta. Trata-se de um estudo observacional retrospectivo utilizando os dados do prontuário. Relato do Caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 17 anos, encaminhada ao serviço de Cirurgia Plástica do Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio, Fortaleza- CE, para tratamento devido à insatisfação com a sua aparência. Submetida a uma blefaroplastia superior e inferior associada a cantopexia sem cantotomia. No período pós-operatório, foi observado resultado satisfatório para a cirurgia proposta e adequada correção das alterações existentes. Conclusão: Observa-se a importância da correção cirúrgica facial nos casos de cútis laxa, ressaltando a relevância da aplicação de técnicas cirúrgicas adequadas e o aprimoramento das mesmas nesse perfil de paciente.


Cutis laxa is a rare connective tissue disease characterized by dysfunction of elastic fibers. Individuals affected by this disease complain about their aged appearance. Treatments are based on the use of cosmetics or surgical techniques, with plastic surgery being an extremely relevant tool. Blepharoplasty aims to improve the senile appearance and provide rejuvenation in the area around the eyes, making the look appear more rested and alert. This is a retrospective observational study using medical record data. Case Report: A female patient, 17 years old, was referred to the Plastic Surgery Service of the Walter Cantídio University Hospital, Fortaleza-CE, for treatment due to dissatisfaction with her appearance. She underwent upper and lower blepharoplasty associated with canthopexy without canthotomy. In the postoperative period, a satisfactory result was observed for the proposed surgery and adequate correction of existing changes. Conclusion: The importance of facial surgical correction in cases of lax skin is observed, highlighting the relevance of applying appropriate surgical techniques and improving them in this patient profile.

12.
Skin Res Technol ; 30(2): e13620, 2024 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376131

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We evaluate skin sagging phenotypes (eyebags, droopy eyelids, low eyebrow positioning) using written descriptive scales and photo-numeric scales. We also study how anti-ageing interventions and digital screen time influence skin sagging. AIM: We compare the two phenotype assessment methods with each other. METHOD: Skin sagging and personal lifestyle data obtained from 2885 ethnic Chinese young adults from the Singapore/Malaysia cross-sectional genetics epidemiology study (SMCGES) cohort were collated and compared. RESULTS: Significant correlations (p-value < 0.001) between written descriptive scales and photo-numeric scales were observed for eyebags (0.25) and eyebrow positioning (0.08). Significant correlations (p-value < 0.001) were observed after combining both scales for eyebags (0.38), droopy eyelids (0.30), and eyebrow positioning (0.30). Anti-ageing interventions are associated with delayed progression of eyebags from 18-45 years old, droopy eyelids from 31-45 years old, and eyebrow positioning from 35-40 years old. Significantly lower (p-value < 0.02) eyebrow positioning is associated with both <1 and 1-3 h of screen time stratified by age. CONCLUSION: Written descriptive scales provide comparable results to photo-numeric scales. However, validating and adapting photo-numeric scales for different populations identifies phenotypes better. Anti-ageing interventions are beneficial at different age ranges. Screen time is associated with skin sagging in young (18-30 years old) participants.


Subject(s)
Eyebrows , Eyelids , Young Adult , Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Malaysia , Cross-Sectional Studies , Singapore/epidemiology
13.
Cureus ; 16(1): e53047, 2024 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38410308

ABSTRACT

Introduction Eyelash extensions have become a trendy cosmetic procedure, especially among young female students at various universities. This study assessed the relationship between the usage pattern of eyelash extensions and the ocular side effects arising from eyelash extension use. Methods The study was conducted using 400 female undergraduate students at the University of Benin with an age range of 15-30 years and a mean age of 22.50 ± 3.79 years. This observational cross-sectional study was conducted by evaluating the usage pattern of eyelash extensions, ocular side effects, and the relationship between them. Data obtained from the participants were processed using the Pearson correlation analysis in the Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) (version 22.0; IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Armonk, NY) software. Results The results showed that only 16% (n=64) of the participants had any side effects before fixing eyelash extensions, while 54% (n=216) of the participants had experienced one or more side effects during/after artificial eyelash wear. The most common side effects experienced were itching (n=152, 38%), lashes pulling out (n=144, 36%), heavy eyelids (n=136, 34%), and red eyes (n=136, 34%). Other ocular side effects were grittiness/foreign body sensation (n=128, 32%), tearing (n=96, 24%), burning sensation (n=96, 24%), pain on the eyelids (n=88, 22%), misdirected lashes (n=40,10%), eyelids swelling (n=24, 6%), a boil on eyelids (n=16, 4%), and discharge (n=8, 2%). Moreover, the result showed statistically significant correlation between the usage pattern and the ocular side effects such as pain (r=0.22), itching (r=0.23), tearing (r=0.21), burning sensation (r=0.17), a boil on the eyelids (r=0.21), heavy eyelids (r=0.16), misdirected lashes (r=0.22), red eyes (r=0.15), lashes pulling out (r=0.12), eyelids swelling (r=0.18), grittiness (r=0.10), and discharge (r=0.10) (p<0.05). Conclusions It is concluded that there is a relationship between the usage pattern of eyelash extensions and the ocular side effects. Adequate and proper attention should be paid to this ever-growing cosmetic procedure's potential visual health risks.

14.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 48(10): 1914-1919, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mini-incisional double-eyelid blepharoplasty has increasingly gained popularity in oriental populations. Moreover, many related studies have made a detailed technical introduction to this topic. This study aims to introduce a simple single mini-incisional blepharoplasty procedure with orbicularis-orbital septum fixation technique to create a physiologically natural double eyelid with no visible scar and a short postoperative recovery time. METHODS: A single mini-incisional blepharoplasty with orbicularis-orbital septum fixation technique is described in detail and is illustrated with pictures. Patients who underwent this procedure in our department from November 2020 to May 2023 were retrospectively reviewed RESULTS: This study included 159 patients who underwent a single mini-incisional blepharoplasty with the orbicularis-orbital septum fixation technique. Surgery duration ranged from 16 to 42 minutes (mean 27 minutes). The majority of the swelling was reduced in 5 days and completely disappeared in 2 weeks for most patients. The follow-up period ranged from 2 to 31 months. All the double eyelids were natural and dynamic, and the creases were stable with no visible scar. Asymmetries occurred in 1.2% (2 of 159), and crease disappeared in 0.6% (1 of 159) of patients; during the follow-up period, no other complications were reported. Of the 159 patients, 99.4% (158) were satisfied with the surgical outcomes CONCLUSIONS: The single mini-incisional blepharoplasty with the orbicularis-orbital septum fixation technique offers a simple, safe, and effective approach to creating double eyelids. It provides natural, stable, scarless, and rapid recovery results with a low risk of complication. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .


Subject(s)
Blepharoplasty , Eyelids , Humans , Blepharoplasty/methods , Female , Retrospective Studies , Male , Adult , Eyelids/surgery , Middle Aged , Esthetics , Young Adult , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Suture Techniques , Aged , Orbit/surgery , Cohort Studies , Adolescent
15.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 48(9): 1688-1697, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360956

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Eyelid ptosis is an underestimated pathology deeply affecting patients' quality of life. Internet has increasingly become the major source of information regarding health care, and patients often browse on websites to acquire an initial knowledge on the subject. However, there is lack of data concerning the quality of available information focusing on the eyelid ptosis and its treatment. We systematically evaluated online information quality on eyelid ptosis by using the "Ensuring Quality Information for Patients" (EQIP) scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Google, Yahoo and Bing have been searched for the keywords "Eyelid ptosis," "Eyelid ptosis surgery" and "Blepharoptosis." The first 50 hits were included, evaluating the quality of information with the expanded EQIP tool. Websites in English and intended for general non-medical public use were included. Irrelevant documents, videos, pictures, blogs and articles with no access were excluded. RESULTS: Out of 138 eligible websites, 79 (57,7%) addressed more than 20 EQIP items, with an overall median score of 20,2. Only 2% discussed procedure complication rates. The majority fail to disclose severe complications and quantifying risks, fewer than 18% clarified the potential need for additional treatments. Surgical procedure details were lacking, and there was insufficient information about pre-/postoperative precautions for patients. Currently, online quality information has not improved since COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the urgent requirement for improved patient-oriented websites adhering to international standards for plastic and oculoplastic surgery. Healthcare providers should effectively guide their patients in finding trustworthy and reliable eyelid ptosis correction information. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE V: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .


Subject(s)
Blepharoplasty , Blepharoptosis , Internet , Humans , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoplasty/methods , Consumer Health Information/standards , Patient Education as Topic/methods , Female , Male
16.
Cont Lens Anterior Eye ; 47(1): 102099, 2024 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38049351

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Ocular demodicosis can cause debilitating ocular surface disease. As ivermectin is effective at reducing Demodex proliferation in rosacea, this study investigated the efficacy of topical ivermectin 1.0% cream in treating ocular demodicosis. METHODS: This retrospective single-centre clinical practice chart analysis involved the off-label treatment of patients who had ocular demodicosis with topical ivermectin 1.0 % cream (Soolantra, Galderma Ltd, UK) applied nightly to the lid margins of both eyes for 3 months. Ocular surface health was assessed at baseline when the treatment was prescribed and followed up at 3 and 12 months after baseline. Slit lamp biomicroscopy was used to take digital images of the upper eyelid lashes. Manual image analysis with ImageJ was conducted by a masked assessor to quantify signs of ocular demodicosis including the number of lashes with collarettes, with visible Demodex tails and with follicle pouting. RESULTS: Data from a total of 75 patients with ocular demodicosis were analysed for this study (mean age 66.6 ± 13.9 years, 44 female). The numbers of lashes with collarettes (Median [Interquartile range]: 8 [4-13] at baseline to 0 [0-2] at the final visit, p < 0.001) and lashes with follicle pouting (3 [1-5] at baseline to 0 [0-1.8] at the final visit, p < 0.001) decreased with treatment. Any sign of lashes with visible tails was eliminated by the final visit (p < 0.007). Fluorescein staining severity score also improved, particularly from baseline (1 [0-2]) to the second visit (0 [0-1], p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study show evidence for the efficacy of a 3-month course of topical ivermectin 1.0% cream in treating ocular demodicosis as indicated by reduction in collarettes, follicle pouting and visible Demodex tails. More research is warranted to improve the diagnosis, management and monitoring of this condition which is often overlooked or misdiagnosed.


Subject(s)
Blepharitis , Mite Infestations , Rosacea , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Mite Infestations/diagnosis , Mite Infestations/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Rosacea/diagnosis , Rosacea/drug therapy , Rosacea/complications , Eyelids , Blepharitis/drug therapy
17.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 48(3): 341-349, 2024 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37798492

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Small-incisional double eyelid surgery has been increasingly performed these years and achieved good aesthetic results, but the techniques vary greatly between literatures. The authors reviewed the cases of three-small-incisional double eyelid surgery performed in the past three years and introduced their surgical technique in detail. METHODS: A total of 87 patients receiving bilateral three-small-incisional double eyelid surgery were included in this retrospective study. The pretarsal folds were designed meticulously, along which three evenly distributed 2 mm-long incisions were made. A minimal amount of orbicularis oculi muscle and pretarsal soft tissue were removed to expose the pretarsal fascia for further fixation. An appropriate amount of orbital septal fat was removed through the lateral incision if required. The superficial orbicularis oculi muscle and dermis on the lower margin of the incision were fixed onto the pretarsal fascia with some underlying tarsus on the upper margin of the tarsus. The skin was closed by one stitch for each incision. RESULTS: The average follow-up was 9.9 ± 5.2 months (range: 6-27 months). All the patients were satisfied with the result. None of them experienced loss of the pretarsal fold, bilateral asymmetry, scar hyperplasia, or persistent swelling after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Our three-small-incisional technique with minor soft tissue debulking offers a simple, safe, and reproducible approach to double eyelids. It can create a stable and natural-looking pretarsal fold with a short recovery period. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .


Subject(s)
Blepharoplasty , Surgical Wound , Humans , Blepharoplasty/methods , Retrospective Studies , Asian People , Eyelids/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Surgical Wound/surgery
18.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 48(2): 141-151, 2024 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37821553

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Subclinical ptosis is prevalent in Asian patients presenting for aesthetic upper blepharoplasty. To achieve predictable and satisfactory results in these patients, addressing the ptosis component is critical. In this paper, we present a precision levator advancement technique that enabled us to predictably incorporate the levator advancement into our upper blepharoplasty to deliver more predictable results in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Asian patients with normal or near normal margin to reflex distance 1 (MRD 1 of ≥ 3.5 mm) and symptoms and signs of straining of the frontalis with eyelid opening were diagnosed with subclinical upper eyelid ptosis and included in this prospective study. The advancement required was estimated pre-operatively using a formula that we developed. Our surgical technique is presented in detail here, and our long-term results were analysed. RESULTS: From December 2019 to August 2022, 97 patients were included in this study. Sixty-five patients were primary cases and 32 were revision cases. The mean follow-up was 15 months. Of the 192 eyelids analysed, our formula was able to correctly identify the required fixation location in 69% of eyelids. In majority of the eyelids (94%), the correct location of fixation location within +/- 1 mm of the estimated location. All patients (100%) were satisfied with their long-term results. Our revision rate was 3%. CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating a precisely done levator advancement into the upper blepharoplasty in patients with subclinical ptosis is critical for optimizing the aesthetic and functional outcomes. This approach has enabled us to perform this procedure greater predictably in this group of patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .


Subject(s)
Blepharoplasty , Blepharoptosis , Humans , Blepharoplasty/methods , Blepharoptosis/diagnosis , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Eyelids/surgery
19.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 23(4): 1338-1343, 2024 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38100212

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the changes in the lower eyelid position, following ptosis surgery of the upper eyelid of the same eye in blepharoptosis patients. METHODS: This prospective interventional before and after study included patients aged more than 5 years with blepharoptosis. Margin reflex distance one (MRD-1), MRD two (MRD-2), and levator function were measured before and the 6 months after the surgery. RESULTS: Sixty patients with blepharoptosis (33 congenital and 27 acquired) were recruited. The mean age was 21.61 ± 10.82 and 59.8 ± 13.73 years in congenital and acquired groups, respectively. The mean MRD-1 improved from 1.95 ± 0.99 before treatment to 4.47 ± 0.47 after treatment (p < 0.001). The mean MRD-2 improved from 5.57 ± 0.63 before treatment to 4.95 ± 0.51 after treatment (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in MRD-1 and MRD-2 changes between the two groups (p > 0.05) There was no statistically significant correlation between MRD-2 changes and LF (r = -0.03. p = 0.83). CONCLUSION: Present study showed a significant improvement in the condition of the lower eyelid improved after upper eyelid ptosis surgery.


Subject(s)
Blepharoplasty , Blepharoptosis , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoptosis/congenital , Prospective Studies , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery , Eyelids/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(2): e2023, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533800

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Evaluation of lid contour and marginal peak point changes to compare outcomes of external levator advancement and Müller's muscle conjunctival resection surgery in unilateral ptosis. Methods: We reviewed the charts of unilateral ptosis patients who underwent external levator advancement or Müller's muscle conjunctival resection. Eyelid contour analysis was conducted on preoperative and 6-month postoperative digital images. This was performed with the multiple margin reflex distances technique, measuring the vertical distance from a line intersecting the center of the pupil to the eyelid margin at 10 positions at 2 mm intervals. The marginal peak point changes were analyzed digitally using the coordinates of the peak point according to the pupil center. Each position's mean distance was compared preoperatively, postoperatively, and with the fellow eyelid. Results: Sixteen patients underwent external levator advancement and 16 patients had Müller's muscle conjunctival resection. The mean margin reflex distance was improved by both techniques (1.46 vs. 2.43 mm and 1.12 vs. 2.25 mm, p=0.008 and p=0.0001 respectively) and approached that of the fellow eyelid (2.43 vs. 2.88 and 2.25 vs. 2.58 mm, p=0.23 and p=0.19, respectively). However, statistically significant lid margin elevation was limited to between the N6 and T6 points in the external levator advancement group. Whereas, significant elevation was achieved along the whole lid margin in the Müller's muscle conjunctival resection group. The marginal peak point was shifted slightly laterally in the external levator advancement group (p=0.11). Conclusions: Both techniques provide effective lid elevation, however, the external levator advancement's effect lessens toward the canthi while Müller's muscle conjunctival resection provides more uniform elevation across the lid margin. The margin reflex distance alone is not sufficient to reflect contour changes.

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