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1.
Nutr. hosp ; 41(2): 433-438, Mar-Abr. 2024. graf
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-232660

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el objetivo del estudio fue valorar la eficacia de una adaptación dietética individualizada para conseguir los requerimientos nutricionales en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de precursores hematopoyéticos (TPH). Metodología: estudio piloto de intervención nutricional con pacientes sometidos a TPH. Se realizó una valoración nutricional en las primeras 24 horas de ingreso y cada 48 a 72 horas hasta el alta, o + 40 días del trasplante, realizando adaptaciones dietéticas. Resultados: se reclutaron 25 pacientes. Según el MUST, el 92,0 % (n = 23) se encontraban bien nutridos en la visita inicial, con una pérdida de 2,1 (3,8) kg y un IMC de 26,4 kg/m2 (4,2). Antes del TPH ya hubo una disminución de la ingesta del 15,4 (23,5) % y del peso corporal de 0,2 (3,2) kg; tras el TPH, la pérdida de peso fue de 3,4 (5,0) kg y la disminución de la ingesta del 6,5 (30,4) %. Los síntomas predominantes fueron mucositis (60 %), náuseas (60 %) y diarrea (44 %). Se adaptó la dieta en el 100 % de los pacientes y el 52 % recibieron soporte nutricional oral (SNO) (n = 13), mientras que la nutrición enteral (NE) y la nutrición parenteral (NP) se utilizaron solo 1 vez. Conclusión: el estado nutricional de los pacientes sometidos a TPH es normal al ingreso pero se deteriora durante la realización del trasplante y su acondicionamiento previo. La intervención dietética es clave para mantener la ingesta oral y disminuir el riesgo de desnutrición.(AU)


Introduction: the objective of the study was to assess the effi cacy of an individualized dietary adaptation to achieve nutritional requirements in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methodology: a pilot study of a nutritional intervention in patients undergoing HSCT. A nutritional assessment was performed the fi rst 24 hours of admission and every 48-72 hours until discharge, or + 40 days after the transplant, making dietary adaptations. Results: 25 patients were recruited. According to MUST, 92.0 % (n = 23) were well nourished at the initial visit, with a loss of 2.1 (3.8) kg and a BMI of 26.4 kg/m2 (4.2). Before HSCT, there was already a decrease in intake of 15.4 (23.5) % and in body weight of 0.2 (3.2) kg; after the HSCT, the weight loss was 3.4 (5.0) kg and the decrease in intake was 6.5 (30.4) %. The predominant symptoms were mucositis (60 %), nausea (60 %), and diarrhea (44 %). The diet was adapted in 100 % of the patients, 52 % received oral nutritional support (ONS) (n = 13); enteral nutrition (EN) and parenteral nutrition (PN) were used only once. Conclusion: the nutritional status of patients undergoing HSCT is normal on admission but deteriorates during transplantation and prior conditioning. Dietary intervention is key to maintaining oral intake and reducing the risk of malnutrition.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Enteral Nutrition , Dietary Supplements , Diet , Malnutrition , Nutritional Sciences , Pilot Projects
2.
Rev. arch. med. familiar gen. (En línea) ; 21(1): 42-46, mar. 2024. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554304

ABSTRACT

La seguridad y eficacia de los programas de suplementación con hierro a lactantes, está actualmente en discusión. El objetivo de esta revisión fue identificar estudios sobre riesgos y beneficios de la suplementación con hierro profiláctico en lactantes menores de un año, nacidos a término, con niveles de hemoglobina (Hb) y ferremia desconocidos. Se realizó una búsqueda en Pubmed y Cochrane, identificando 3 revisiones sistemáticas y metaanálisis. Estos estudios arrojaron resultados que indican mejoras en los niveles séricos de hierro y hemoglobina como resultado de la suplementación con hierro. Sin embargo, no se observó un beneficio significativo en el desarrollo cognitivo de los lactantes. Los efectos adversos más reportados son los gastrointestinales, efectos en el crecimiento (menor ganancia de talla y peso) y menor absorción de zinc. En resumen, la evidencia en cuanto a la profilaxis con hierro en lactantes es limitada, lo que nos lleva a recomendar un seguimiento cercano de los lactantes que reciben suplementos de hierro, con el objetivo de detectar posibles eventos adversos. Es fundamental evaluar cuidadosamente los riesgos y beneficios de esta intervención antes de su implementación (AU)


The safety and efficacy of iron supplementation programs for infants are currently under discussion. The objective of this review was to identify studies on the risks and benefits of prophylactic iron supplementation in infants under one year of age, born at term, with unknown hemoglobin (Hb) and serum iron levels. The search was conducted on Pubmed and Cochrane, identifying three systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The results indicate improvements in serum iron and hemoglobin levels as a result of iron supplementation. However, a significant benefit in infant cognitive development was not observed. The most reported adverse effects were gastrointestinal, effects on growth (reduced height and weight gain), and reduced zinc absorption. In summary, the evidence regarding iron prophylaxis in infants is limited, leading us to recommend close monitoring of infants receiving iron supplements to detect potential adverse events. It is crucial to carefully assess the risks and benefits of this intervention before implementation (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Ferrous Sulfate , Iron, Dietary/therapeutic use , Dietary Supplements/supply & distribution , Cost-Effectiveness Analysis , Hemoglobins , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/prevention & control
3.
Nutr Hosp ; 41(2): 433-438, 2024 Apr 26.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450490

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Introduction: the objective of the study was to assess the efficacy of an individualized dietary adaptation to achieve nutritional requirements in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methodology: a pilot study of a nutritional intervention in patients undergoing HSCT. A nutritional assessment was performed the first 24 hours of admission and every 48-72 hours until discharge, or + 40 days after the transplant, making dietary adaptations. Results: 25 patients were recruited. According to MUST, 92.0 % (n = 23) were well nourished at the initial visit, with a loss of 2.1 (3.8) kg and a BMI of 26.4 kg/m2 (4.2). Before HSCT, there was already a decrease in intake of 15.4 (23.5) % and in body weight of 0.2 (3.2) kg; after the HSCT, the weight loss was 3.4 (5.0) kg and the decrease in intake was 6.5 (30.4) %. The predominant symptoms were mucositis (60 %), nausea (60 %), and diarrhea (44 %). The diet was adapted in 100 % of the patients, 52 % received oral nutritional support (ONS) (n = 13); enteral nutrition (EN) and parenteral nutrition (PN) were used only once. Conclusion: the nutritional status of patients undergoing HSCT is normal on admission but deteriorates during transplantation and prior conditioning. Dietary intervention is key to maintaining oral intake and reducing the risk of malnutrition.


Introducción: Introducción: el objetivo del estudio fue valorar la eficacia de una adaptación dietética individualizada para conseguir los requerimientos nutricionales en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de precursores hematopoyéticos (TPH). Metodología: estudio piloto de intervención nutricional con pacientes sometidos a TPH. Se realizó una valoración nutricional en las primeras 24 horas de ingreso y cada 48 a 72 horas hasta el alta, o + 40 días del trasplante, realizando adaptaciones dietéticas. Resultados: se reclutaron 25 pacientes. Según el MUST, el 92,0 % (n = 23) se encontraban bien nutridos en la visita inicial, con una pérdida de 2,1 (3,8) kg y un IMC de 26,4 kg/m2 (4,2). Antes del TPH ya hubo una disminución de la ingesta del 15,4 (23,5) % y del peso corporal de 0,2 (3,2) kg; tras el TPH, la pérdida de peso fue de 3,4 (5,0) kg y la disminución de la ingesta del 6,5 (30,4) %. Los síntomas predominantes fueron mucositis (60 %), náuseas (60 %) y diarrea (44 %). Se adaptó la dieta en el 100 % de los pacientes y el 52 % recibieron soporte nutricional oral (SNO) (n = 13), mientras que la nutrición enteral (NE) y la nutrición parenteral (NP) se utilizaron solo 1 vez. Conclusión: el estado nutricional de los pacientes sometidos a TPH es normal al ingreso pero se deteriora durante la realización del trasplante y su acondicionamiento previo. La intervención dietética es clave para mantener la ingesta oral y disminuir el riesgo de desnutrición.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Adult , Pilot Projects , Nutritional Status , Nutritional Support/methods , Diet , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Requirements , Aged , Precision Medicine/methods
4.
Nutr. clín. diet. hosp ; 44(1): 22-30, Feb. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-231318

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Durante la anterior contingencia sanitariaocasionada por el COVID-19, se presenció una amplia difu-sión de supuestos tratamientos para esta y otras enfermeda-des. Esto dio pie al empleo de suplementos alimenticios (SA)como una posible alternativa para la prevención de esta en-fermedad. El consumo de SA confiere un riesgo en aquellaspoblaciones donde la prevalencia de uso es elevada. Tal es elcaso de la comunidad deportiva, donde su consumo es unaactividad frecuente debido a sus efectos en el rendimiento de-portivo y composición corporal. Objetivo: Conocer la prevalencia del consumo de SA endeportistas mexicanos durante el COVID-19 e identificaraquellos que lo emplearon con la finalidad de prevenir la in-fección. Asimismo, explorar la asociación de consumo con lasvariables sexo, edad y ocupación. Materiales y métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio des-criptivo transversal correlacional en una muestra no probabi-lística por conveniencia compuesta por 351 deportistas de laregión noroeste de México. Se aplicó una encuesta a travésde la plataforma Google Forms que incluía preguntas relacio-nadas con la frecuencia de consumo de SA además de varia-bles sociodemográficas. Resultados: El 22,5% de los participantes estaba consu-miendo algún tipo de SA durante el confinamiento y 67,1%sostuvo la creencia de que el consumo de estos suplementoscontribuyó a la prevención del COVID-19. Se encontró unaasociación entre consumo y creencia (χ2(2) = 26,256, p < 0,05;Phi = 0,274). El uso de SA fue recomendado principalmentepor nutriólogos (39,2%), entrenadores (21,5%) y médicos(20,3%). Conclusiones: El consumo de SA fue relativamente bajocomparado con otras poblaciones. Sin embargo, la mayoríade los consumidores refirió que los SA contribuyen a la pre-vención del contagio por COVID-19. Gran parte de los consu-midores de SA acudió a un profesional de la salud para su re-comendación.(AU)


Introduction: During the previous health contingencycaused by COVID-19, there was a widespread disseminationof alleged treatments for this and other diseases. This led tothe use of dietary supplements (DS) as a possible alternativefor the prevention of this disease. DS consumption poses arisk in populations where the prevalence of use is high. Suchis the case in the sports community, where its consumption isa common activity due to its effects on sports performanceand body composition.Objective: To determine the prevalence of DS consump-tion in Mexican athletes during COVID-19 and identify thosewho used them to prevent infection. Additionally, to explorethe association between consumption and the variables ofgender, age, and occupation.Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional cor-relational study was conducted in a non-probabilistic conven-ience sample composed of 351 athletes from the northwest re-gion of Mexico. A survey was administered through the GoogleForms platform that included questions related to the frequencyof DS consumption as well as sociodemographic variables. Results: 22.5% of the participants were consuming sometype of DS during the lockdown, and 67.1% believed that theconsumption of these supplements contributed to the pre-vention of COVID-19. An association between consumptionand belief was found (χ2(2) = 26.256, p < 0.05; Phi = 0.274).The use of DS was primarily recommended by nutritionists(39.2%), coaches (21.5%), and physicians (20.3%). Conclusions: DS consumption was relatively low com-pared to other populations. However, the majority of DS con-sumers reported that DS contributed to the prevention ofCOVID-19 infection. A significant proportion of DS consumerssought recommendations from healthcare professionals.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Athletes , Dietary Supplements , Pandemics , Diet, Food, and Nutrition , Disease Prevention , Mexico , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Nutritional Sciences
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(6): e202202851, dic. 2023.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518181

ABSTRACT

La leche humana es el estándar de oro para la nutrición del bebé y debe iniciarse en la primera hora de vida. La leche de vaca, de otros mamíferos o las bebidas vegetales no se deben ofrecer antes del año de vida. Sin embargo, algunos niños requieren, al menos en parte, de fórmulas infantiles. Aun con las sucesivas mejoras a lo largo de la historia mediante la incorporación de oliogosacáridos, probióticos, prebióticos, sinbióticos y postbióticos, las fórmulas infantiles siguen siendo perfectibles para reducir la brecha de salud entre los bebés amamantados y aquellos alimentados con fórmula. En este sentido, se espera que la complejidad de las fórmulas siga aumentando a medida que se conozca mejor cómo modular el desarrollo de la microbiota intestinal. El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar una revisión no sistemática del efecto de los diferentes escenarios lácteos sobre la microbiota intestinal.


Human milk is the gold standard for infant nutrition, and breastfeeding should be started within the first hour of life. Cow's milk, other mammalian milk, or plant-based beverages should not be offered before 1 year of age. However, some infants require, at least in part, infant formulas. Even with subsequent enhancements throughout history, with the addition of oligosaccharides, probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, and postbiotics, infant formulas still have room for improvement in reducing the health gap between breastfed and formula-fed infants. In this regard, the complexity of infant formulas is expected to continue to increase as the knowledge of how to modulate the development of the gut microbiota is better understood. The objective of this study was to perform a non-systematic review of the effect of different milk scenarios on the gut microbiota.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Milk Hypersensitivity , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Breast Feeding , Cattle , Infant Formula , Mammals , Milk, Human
6.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 50(6)dic. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550794

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Vitamin C supplementation has been seen as a supportive treatment to control and prevent complications of COVID-19 by enhancing the immune response against infection. However, the effects of high doses of this vitamin are not yet fully understood. Objective: To analyze the effects of high-dose vitamin C in patients with COVID-19. Methods: This was a systematic review, using original studies published from April 2020 to November 2022 in PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus and Web of Science databases. The combination of descriptors registered in Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) used to search for articles were: (("vitamin C" OR "ascorbic acid") AND ("COVID-19" OR "SARS-CoV-2" OR "coronavirus")). Original articles of clinical trials conducted with patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and submitted to high-dose vitamin C supplementation were included. Results: Eligible studies included patients in intensive care units, wards, or outpatient clinics, who were given doses of vitamin C, ranging from 6,000 to 8,000 mg/day, with an average duration of 6.25 days of supplementation and mostly intravenous administration. A reduction in fever and myalgia was observed, as well as an improvement in oxygen saturation and lung impairment rate. Conclusion: The role of high-dose vitamin C in patients affected by COVID-19 requires further study, however, to date, the results have been promising for symptom reduction and improvement in lung function and oxygenation.


Introducción: La administración de suplementos de vitamina C se ha considerado un tratamiento de apoyo para controlar y prevenir las complicaciones del COVID-19 al mejorar la respuesta inmunitaria contra la infección. Sin embargo, los efectos de dosis elevadas de esta vitamina aún no se conocen en su totalidad. Objetivo: Analizar los efectos de altas dosis de vitamina C en pacientes con COVID-19. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio de revisión sistemática, utilizando artículos originales publicados desde abril de 2020 hasta noviembre de 2022 en las bases de datos PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus y Web of Science. Para la búsqueda de los artículos se utilizó la combinación de descriptores registrados en Medical Subject Headings (MeSH): (("vitamin C" OR "ascorbic acid") AND ("COVID-19" OR "SARS-CoV-2" OR "coronavirus")). Se incluyeron artículos originales de tipo ensayo clínico realizados con pacientes diagnosticados con COVID-19 y sometidos a suplementación con altas dosis de vitamina C. Resultados: Los estudios elegibles se realizaron con pacientes ingresados en unidades de cuidados intensivos, salas o ambulatorios, a los que se administraron dosis de vitamina C que oscilaban entre 6.000 y 8.000 mg/día, con una duración media de 6,25 días de suplementación y vía de administración mayoritariamente intravenosa. Se observó una reducción de la fiebre y las mialgias, además de una mejoría de la saturación de oxígeno y de la tasa de compromiso pulmonar. Conclusión: El papel de las dosis altas de vitamina C en pacientes afectados por COVID-19 requiere más estudios; sin embargo, hasta la fecha, los resultados han sido prometedores en cuanto a la reducción de los sintomas, y la mejora de la función pulmonar y la oxigenación.

7.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 99(4): 240-251, oct. 2023. mapas, ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-225972

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El consumo de suplementos nutricionales y proteicos por adolescentes puede tener importantes repercusiones para su salud. Material y método: Estudio prospectivo observacional, basado en una encuesta, dirigido a los adolescentes de seis colegios, seleccionados aleatoriamente, de la ciudad de Sevilla. Nuestro objetivo principal es conocer el consumo real de suplementos alimentarios entre la población adolescente, cuantificando su contenido proteico. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 263 respuestas válidas, objetivando una prevalencia de consumo de 19,01% para todos los suplementos nutricionales, de ellos 56,0% tomaban suplementos de proteínas (10,64% del total), con una ingesta media de estas últimas de 0,26±0,18 g/kg/día. El perfil del consumidor de cualquier tipo de suplementos se diferencia del de los que no los utilizan en la edad, el uso de medicación habitual y realizar dieta para perder peso o hiperproteica. Al comparar los adolescentes que ingerían productos proteicos con los no proteicos, la única variación significativa estuvo en el control del consumo. Aunque la mayoría no tiene control externo, en 25,92% de los que tomaban proteínas el seguimiento lo hacía un profesional, vs. 7,38% de los que ingerían suplementos no proteicos. De los consumidores de productos proteicos, 85,18% consiguió el objetivo buscado y 18,51% refirió algún efecto negativo. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de consumo de suplementos proteicos entre los adolescentes de nuestro medio es del 10,64%, en cantidades que suponen un 25% de las proteínas que deben ingerir diariamente. El perfil de consumidor de suplementos proteicos es muy similar al de aquel que toma productos no proteicos. (AU)


Introduction: The consumption of nutritional and protein supplements by adolescents may have important consequences for their health. Material and methods: Prospective observational study based on a survey of adolescents enrolled in six schools selected at random in the city of Seville. Our primary objective was to determine the actual consumption of dietary supplements in the adolescent population and quantifying their protein content. Results: We obtained a total of 263 valid responses that showed a prevalence of consumption of nutritional supplements of any kind of 19.01%, of which 56.0% (10.64% of the total) corresponded to adolescents that consumed protein supplements for a mean protein intake of 0.26 g/kg/day (SD, 0.18). The profile of consumers of any type of supplements differed from that of nonconsumers in age, use of long-term medication and weight loss or high-protein diets. The comparison of adolescents who consumed protein supplements versus nonprotein supplements only evinced a significant difference in the control of supplement consumption. Although most of these adolescents were not subject to external control, 25.92% of those who consumed protein supplements were monitored by a professional, compared to 7.38% of consumers of nonprotein supplements. In the group that consumed protein supplements, 85.18% of adolescents achieved the desired effect and 18.51% reported some form of negative effect. Conclusions: The prevalence of protein supplement consumption among adolescents in our area is 10.64%, with consumption of amounts corresponding to 25% of the recommended daily allowance of protein. The profile of protein supplement consumers is very similar to that of nonprotein supplement consumers. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Dietary Supplements/adverse effects , Feeding Behavior , Proteins , Prospective Studies , Spain , Motor Activity
8.
An Pediatr (Engl Ed) ; 99(4): 240-251, 2023 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37770287

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The consumption of nutritional and protein supplements by adolescents may have important consequences for their health. METHODS: Prospective observational study based on a survey of adolescents enrolled in 6 schools selected at random in the city of Seville. Our primary objective was to determine the actual consumption of dietary supplements in the adolescent population and quantifying their protein content. RESULTS: We obtained a total of 263 valid responses that showed a prevalence of consumption of nutritional supplements of any kind of 19.01%, of which 56.0% (10.64% of the total) corresponded to adolescents that consumed protein supplements for a mean protein intake of 0.26 g/kg/day (SD, 0.18). The profile of consumers of any type of supplements differed from that of nonconsumers in age, use of long-term medication and weight loss or high-protein diets. The comparison of adolescents who consumed protein supplements versus nonprotein supplements only evinced a significant difference in the control of supplement consumption. Although most of these adolescents were not subject to external control, 25.92% of those who consumed protein supplements were monitored by a professional, compared to 7.38% of consumers of nonprotein supplements. In the group that consumed protein supplements, 85.18% of adolescents achieved the desired effect and 18.51% reported some form of negative effect. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of protein supplement consumption among adolescents in our area is 10.64%, with consumption of amounts corresponding to 25% of the recommended daily allowance of protein. The profile of protein supplement consumers is very similar to that of nonprotein supplement consumers.

9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(4): e202202815, ago. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1442582

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La deficiencia de hierro (DH) es la carencia nutricional más prevalente y la principal causa de anemia en lactantes. Existe consenso en la suplementación diaria con hierro como estrategia de prevención; también se demostró que la suplementación semanal es eficaz, pero la evidencia en lactantes es escasa. El objetivo fue comparar la efectividad de la administración diaria de hierro frente a la semanal para la prevención de la anemia por DH del lactante. Población y métodos. Ensayo clínico controlado y aleatorizado. Lactantes atendidos en un centro de salud público, sin anemia a los 3 meses de edad, aleatorizados en tres grupos: suplementación diaria (1 mg/kg/día), semanal (4 mg/kg/semana) o sin suplementación (grupo control con lactancia materna exclusiva [LME]). Se evaluó anemia y DH a los 3 y 6 meses. Se registró grado de adherencia y efectos adversos. Los datos se analizaron con el software R versión 4.0.3. Resultados. Participaron 227 lactantes. A los 6 meses el grupo de lactantes con LME sin suplementación (control) presentó prevalencias de DH y anemia por DH (ADH) mayores que los grupos intervenidos (diario y semanal). DH: 40,5 % vs. 13,5 % y 16,7 % (p = 0,002); ADH: 33,3 % vs. 7,8 % y 10 % (p < 0,001). No hubo diferencias entre los grupos diario y semanal. Tampoco hubo diferencias en el porcentaje de alta adherencia a la suplementación (50,6 % diaria vs. 57,1 % semanal), ni en los efectos adversos. Conclusiones. No se hallaron diferencias significativas en la efectividad entre la administración diaria y semanal para la prevención de ADH del lactante.


Introduction. Iron deficiency (ID) is the most prevalent nutritional deficiency and the main cause of anemia in infants. There is consensus on daily iron supplementation as a preventive strategy; and weekly iron supplementation has also been shown to be effective, but evidence in infants is scarce. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of daily versus weekly iron administration for the prevention of ID anemia (IDA) in infants. Population and methods. Randomized, controlled clinical trial. Infants seen at a public health center, without anemia at 3 months of age, were randomized into 3 groups: daily supplementation (1 mg/kg/ day), weekly supplementation (4 mg/kg/week), or no supplementation (control group with exclusive breastfeeding [EB]). Anemia and ID were assessed at 3 and 6 months old. Adherence and adverse events were recorded. Data were analyzed using the R software, version 4.0.3. Results. A total of 227 infants participated. At 6 months, the group of infants with EB without supplementation(control) had a higher prevalence of ID and IDA than the intervention groups (daily and weekly). ID: 40.5% versus 13.5% and 16.7% (p = 0.002); IDA: 33.3% versus 7.8% and 10% (p < 0.001). There were no differences between the daily and weekly supplementation groups. There were also no differences in the percentage of high adherence to supplementation (50.6% daily versus 57.1% weekly) or adverse events. Conclusions. No significant differences in effectiveness were observed between daily and weekly administration for the prevention of infant IDA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/prevention & control , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Iron/therapeutic use , Breast Feeding , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements , Malnutrition/complications , Iron Deficiencies
10.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 47(2): 26-38, 20230808.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451680

ABSTRACT

Os primeiros mil dias de vida correspondem ao período desde a concepção até os primeiros dois anos após o nascimento. Durante essa fase, as necessidades nutricionais são elevadas devido às aceleradas alterações fisiológicas inerentes ao período, e o ferro está entre os micronutrientes mais requisitados. Considerando que a anemia, em especial por deficiência de ferro, é um problema de saúde pública, principalmente nessa fase da vida, foi instituído em 2005 o Programa Nacional de Suplementação de Ferro (PNSF). No entanto, há uma lacuna de estudos que analisam sua execução em municípios da Bahia. Por esse motivo, este estudo observacional descritivo objetivou avaliar a cobertura real do PNSF entre gestantes e crianças de 6 a 24 meses de vida, público-alvo do programa, no município de Salvador (BA), entre os anos de 2017 e 2022, a partir da análise de dados secundários disponibilizados pelo Ministério da Saúde. A cobertura real do PNSF ocorreu de forma insatisfatória no município, alcançando quantidades inferiores a 7% das gestantes e 1% das crianças, entre os anos de 2019 e 2021, e valores iguais a 0% para ambos os grupos nos anos de 2017, 2018 e 2022. Tais resultados podem ser motivados por diferentes fatores, como problemas operacionais na gestão/monitoramento do programa e/ou a baixa adesão da população. Destaca-se, assim, a necessidade da constante avaliação do desempenho do PNSF no intuito de identificar suas limitações e propor melhorias em sua execução.


The first thousand days of life correspond to the period from conception to the first two years after birth. During this phase, nutritional needs are high due to the accelerated physiological changes inherent to the period, and iron is among the most required micronutrients. Considering that anemia, especially due to iron deficiency, is a public health problem, especially at this stage of life, the National Iron Supplementation Program (PNSF) was instituted in 2005. However, there is a lack of studies that analyze its execution on municipalities in Bahia (BA). For this reason, this descriptive observational study aimed to evaluate the coverage of the PNSF among pregnant women and children between 6 and 24 months of life, the target audience of the program, in the municipality of Salvador (BA), between 2017 and 2022, based on the analysis of secondary data provided by the Ministry of Health. The actual coverage of the PNSF occurred unsatisfactorily in the municipality, reaching numbers below 7% of pregnant women and 1% of children, between the years 2019 and 2021, and values equal to 0% for both groups in the years 2017, 2018, and 2022. Such results can be due to different factors, such as operational problems in the management/monitoring of the program and/or the low adherence of the population. Thus, we highlight the need for constant evaluation of the PNSF performance to identify its limitations and propose improvements in its execution.


Los primeros mil días de vida corresponden al período que va desde la concepción hasta los primeros dos años después del nacimiento. Durante esta fase, las necesidades nutricionales son elevadas, debido a los cambios fisiológicos acelerados propios del período, y el hierro es uno de los micronutrientes más requeridos. Como la anemia, especialmente por deficiencia de hierro, es un problema de salud pública, especialmente en esta etapa de la vida, en 2005 se instituyó el Programa Nacional de Suplementación con Hierro (PNSF, por sus siglas en portugués). Sin embargo, faltan estudios que analicen su ejecución en municipios de Bahía (Brasil). Por esta razón, este estudio observacional descriptivo tuvo por objetivo evaluar la cobertura real del PNSF en mujeres embarazadas y en niños de entre 6 y 24 meses de vida, público objetivo del programa, en la ciudad de Salvador (Bahía), entre 2017 y 2022, con base en el análisis de datos secundarios proporcionados por el Ministerio de Salud. La cobertura real del PNSF se presentó de manera insatisfactoria en el municipio, alcanzando cifras inferiores al 7% de embarazadas y al 1% de niños, entre los años 2019 y 2021, con valores iguales al 0% para ambos grupos analizados en los años 2017, 2018 y 2022. Estos resultados pueden ser causados por diferentes factores, entre ellos, problemas operativos en la gestión/seguimiento del programa y/o baja adherencia de la población. Así, se destaca la necesidad de una evaluación constante del desempeño del Programa para identificar sus limitaciones y proponer mejoras en su ejecución.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Infant , Infant Nutrition
11.
Nutr. hosp ; 40(2): 266-272, mar.-abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-219321

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los suplementos nutricionales orales (SNO) son una de las terapias nutricionales más utilizadas para tratar la desnutrición en los pacientes oncológicos. Por ello, es de gran importancia contar con la innovación en estos tratamientos, desde los nutrientes hasta la calidad sensorial, para asegurar su consumo. Objetivos: evaluar las características organolépticas de diferentes prototipos de SNO diseñados específicamente para pacientes oncológicos. Métodos: estudio clínico piloto transversal, aleatorizado, cruzado y doble ciego en pacientes con cualquier tipo de cáncer, con o sin tratamiento oncológico, a los que se les realizó una cata de cinco prototipos de SNO con distintos sabores (brownie, tropical, piña, tomate y jamón) y distintas cualidades sensoriales para evaluar sus características organolépticas (color, olor, sabor, gusto residual, textura y densidad) a través de un cuestionario específico. Resultados: treinta pacientes de 67,5 ± 11,2 años y con un índice de masa corporal (IMC) de 22,3 ± 3,52 kg/m2 fueron evaluados. Los tumores más prevalentes fueron cabeza y cuello (30 %), páncreas (20 %) y colorrectal (17 %). El 65 % de los pacientes había perdido ≥ 10 % del peso corporal en seis meses. Los SNO mejor valorados fueron los sabores brownie (23,67 ± 3,91 puntos) y tropical (20,33 ± 3,37 puntos) mientras que los menos valorados fueron los SNO con sabor tomate (16,33 ± 5,44 puntos) y jamón (13,97 ± 4,64 puntos). Conclusión: los pacientes oncológicos valoran de forma mucho más positiva las características organolépticas de los SNO con sabores dulces, como el brownie, y los sabores afrutados, como el tropical. Menos apreciados por este colectivo son aquellos con un sabor salado, como el sabor jamón y tomate. (AU)


Introduction: oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are nutritional therapies used to treat malnutrition in cancer patients, therefore, innovation in these treatments, from nutrients to sensory quality, is essential to ensure their consumption. Objectives: to evaluate the organoleptic characteristic of different prototypes of oral nutritional supplements specifically designed for cancer patients. Method: cross-sectional, randomized, double-blind pilot clinical study in patients with any type of cancer, with or without oncological treatment,who tasted five ONS prototypes with different flavors (brownie, tropical, pineapple, tomato and ham) and different sensory qualities in order to evaluate their organoleptic characteristics (color, smell, taste, residual taste, texture and density) through a specific questionnaire. Results: thirty patients aged 67.5 ± 11.2 years and body mass index (BMI) of 22.3 ± 3.52 kg/m2 were evaluated. The most prevalent tumors were head and neck (30 %), pancreas (20 %) and colon (17 %); 65 % of the patients had lost ≥ 10 % of their body weight in six months. The best rated supplements by the cancer population were those with brownie flavor (23.67 ± 3.91 points) and tropical (20.33 ± 3.37 points), while the least valued were tomato (16.33 ± 5.44 points) and ham flavor (13.97 ± 4.64 points). Conclusions: cancer patients value the organoleptic characteristics of ONS with sweet flavors, such as brownie, and fruity flavors, such as tropical, much more positively. Less appreciated by these patients are those with a salty taste, such as ham and tomato flavor. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Dietary Supplements , Malnutrition/diet therapy , Neoplasms/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Medical Oncology , Sensation
12.
Nutr Hosp ; 40(2): 266-272, 2023 Apr 20.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36880737

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Introduction: oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are nutritional therapies used to treat malnutrition in cancer patients, therefore, innovation in these treatments, from nutrients to sensory quality, is essential to ensure their consumption. Objectives: to evaluate the organoleptic characteristic of different prototypes of oral nutritional supplements specifically designed for cancer patients. Method: cross-sectional, randomized, double-blind pilot clinical study in patients with any type of cancer, with or without oncological treatment, who tasted five ONS prototypes with different flavors (brownie, tropical, pineapple, tomato and ham) and different sensory qualities in order to evaluate their organoleptic characteristics (color, smell, taste, residual taste, texture and density) through a specific questionnaire. Results: thirty patients aged 67.5 ± 11.2 years and body mass index (BMI) of 22.3 ± 3.52 kg/m2 were evaluated. The most prevalent tumors were head and neck (30 %), pancreas (20 %) and colon (17 %); 65 % of the patients had lost ≥ 10 % of their body weight in six months. The best rated supplements by the cancer population were those with brownie flavor (23.67 ± 3.91 points) and tropical (20.33 ± 3.37 points), while the least valued were tomato (16.33 ± 5.44 points) and ham flavor (13.97 ± 4.64 points). Conclusions: cancer patients value the organoleptic characteristics of ONS with sweet flavors, such as brownie, and fruity flavors, such as tropical, much more positively. Less appreciated by these patients are those with a salty taste, such as ham and tomato flavor.


Introducción: Introducción: los suplementos nutricionales orales (SNO) son una de las terapias nutricionales más utilizadas para tratar la desnutrición en los pacientes oncológicos. Por ello, es de gran importancia contar con la innovación en estos tratamientos, desde los nutrientes hasta la calidad sensorial, para asegurar su consumo. Objetivos: evaluar las características organolépticas de diferentes prototipos de SNO diseñados específicamente para pacientes oncológicos. Métodos: estudio clínico piloto transversal, aleatorizado, cruzado y doble ciego en pacientes con cualquier tipo de cáncer, con o sin tratamiento oncológico, a los que se les realizó una cata de cinco prototipos de SNO con distintos sabores (brownie, tropical, piña, tomate y jamón) y distintas cualidades sensoriales para evaluar sus características organolépticas (color, olor, sabor, gusto residual, textura y densidad) a través de un cuestionario específico. Resultados: treinta pacientes de 67,5 ± 11,2 años y con un índice de masa corporal (IMC) de 22,3 ± 3,52 kg/m2 fueron evaluados. Los tumores más prevalentes fueron cabeza y cuello (30 %), páncreas (20 %) y colorrectal (17 %). El 65 % de los pacientes había perdido ≥ 10 % del peso corporal en seis meses. Los SNO mejor valorados fueron los sabores brownie (23,67 ± 3,91 puntos) y tropical (20,33 ± 3,37 puntos) mientras que los menos valorados fueron los SNO con sabor tomate (16,33 ± 5,44 puntos) y jamón (13,97 ± 4,64 puntos). Conclusión: los pacientes oncológicos valoran de forma mucho más positiva las características organolépticas de los SNO con sabores dulces, como el brownie, y los sabores afrutados, como el tropical. Menos apreciados por este colectivo son aquellos con un sabor salado, como el sabor jamón y tomate.


Subject(s)
Malnutrition , Neoplasms , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sensation , Dietary Supplements , Neoplasms/therapy
13.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535895

ABSTRACT

The liver is a crucial organ in metabolism, and some substances can induce toxic hepatitis with high morbidity and mortality. Chemical and drug-induced liver disease is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge since it requires extension studies to rule out other entities. We present the case of a 51-year-old female patient without underlying comorbidities, admitted due to symptoms of two-day evolution consisting of progressive jaundice, diarrheal episodes without acholia, or any other additional manifestation. Her condition was caused by the intake of nimesulide, two tablets a day for two days, for pain secondary to a mandibular cyst diagnosed in previous days. During her admission to the emergency room, the patient described chronic consumption of Herbalife® products daily for four years. She presented with elevated transaminases, prolonged prothrombin time (PT), and direct hyperbilirubinemia. Infectious and immunological diseases were ruled out. We decided to start antibiotic and vitamin K coverage. Finally, and by exclusion, a liver biopsy suggested an inflammatory process compatible with drug-induced hepatitis. The woman evolved favorably when the medication and dietary supplement were discontinued. In conclusion, this case constitutes an initial point in advancing research into hepatotoxicity by shared mechanisms of various substances simultaneously, such as what happened to the patient with the parallel use of Herbalife® and nimesulide.


El hígado es un órgano crucial en el metabolismo y algunas sustancias pueden inducir hepatitis toxica con alta morbimortalidad. La enfermedad hepática inducida por sustancias químicas y medicamentos es un desafío tanto diagnostico como terapéutico, puesto que requiere la realización de estudios de extensión para descartar otras entidades. A continuación se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 51 años sin comorbilidades de base, ingresada por clínica de 2 días de evolución consistente en ictericia progresiva, episodios diarreicos sin acolia ni otra manifestación adicional. Aparentemente, su cuadro fue provocado por la administración de nimesulida, 2 tabletas al día por 2 días, contra el dolor secundario a un quiste mandibular diagnosticado en días anteriores. Durante su ingreso a urgencias la paciente describió consumo crónico, a diario desde hace 4 años, de productos de Herbalife®. Cursa con elevación de transaminasas, prolongación del tiempo de protrombina (TP) e hiperbilirrubinemia directa. Se descartan enfermedades infecciosas e inmunológicas. Se decidió iniciar el cubrimiento antibiótico y vitamina K. Finalmente y por exclusión, se realizó una biopsia hepática que sugirió un proceso inflamatorio compatible con hepatitis inducida por fármacos. La mujer evolucionó favorablemente al suspender la medicación y el suplemento dietético referido. En conclusión, el caso expuesto constituye un punto inicial en el avance hacia la investigación en hepatotoxicidad por mecanismos compartidos de diversas sustancias simultáneamente, como lo sucedido a la paciente con el uso paralelo de Herbalife® y de nimesulida.

14.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(296): 9268-9279, jan.2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF - Nursing | ID: biblio-1437513

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a nutrição de pacientes cirúrgicos com neoplasia no trato gastrointestinal em uso de suplemento alimentar. Método: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática de literatura realizada nas bases de dados Google Scholar, PubMed, Scielo e Web of Science, no período de maio a junho de 2021, sem recorte temporal ou restrição de idioma, através dos descritores: "enteral nutrition e immunenutrition", "cancerpatients e gastriccancerpatients", "preoperative, perioperative e postoperative". Resultados: Foram selecionados 8 estudos, destes, a maioria identificou benefícios na utilização da suplementação em razão da diminuição de células TNF-a, do cortisol e da transferrina, diminuindo o tempo de internação e melhora no estado funcional dos participantes suplementados. Conclusão: Os achados foram positivos, no entanto, houve algumas limitações como a heterogeneidade em abordagens terapêuticas e perda de pacientes durante o estudo, apesar de apresentarem baixo risco de viés, ainda há a necessidade de mais estudos.(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the nutrition of surgical patients with neoplasia in the gastrointestinal tract using food supplements. Method: This is a systematic literature review carried out in Google Scholar, PubMed, Scielo and Web of Science databases, from May to June 2021, without time frame or language restriction, using the descriptors: "enteral nutrition and immunenutrition", "cancerpatients and gastriccancerpatients", "preoperative, perioperative and postoperative". Results: Eight studies were selected, most of which identified benefits in the use of supplementation due to the decrease in TNF-a cells, cortisol and transferrin, reducing the length of hospital stay and improving the functional status of supplemented participants. Conclusion: The findings were positive, however, there were some limitations such as heterogeneity in therapeutic approaches and loss of patients during the study, despite having a low risk of bias, there is still a need for further studies(AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar la nutrición de pacientes quirúrgicos con neoplasia en el tracto gastrointestinal utilizando suplementos alimenticios. Método: Se trata de una revisión sistemática de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos Google Scholar, PubMed, Scielo y Web of Science, de mayo a junio de 2021, sin franja horaria ni restricción de idioma, utilizando los descriptores: "nutrición enteral e inmunonutrición", "pacientes oncológicos y pacientes con cáncer gástrico", "preoperatorio, perioperatorio y postoperatorio". Resultados: Se seleccionaron ocho estudios, la mayoría de los cuales identificaron beneficios en el uso de la suplementación por la disminución de células TNF-a, cortisol y transferrina, reduciendo la estancia hospitalaria y mejorando el estado funcional de los participantes suplementados. Conclusión: Los hallazgos fueron positivos, sin embargo, hubo algunas limitaciones como la heterogeneidad en los enfoques terapéuticos y la pérdida de pacientes durante el estudio, a pesar de tener un bajo riesgo de sesgo, aún existe la necesidad de realizar más estudios(AU)


Subject(s)
Nutrition Assessment , Dietary Supplements , Surgical Oncology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
15.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(296): 9268-9279, jan-2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF - Nursing | ID: biblio-1412708

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a nutrição de pacientes cirúrgicos com neoplasia no trato gastrointestinal em uso de suplemento alimentar. Método: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática de literatura realizada nas bases de dados Google Scholar, PubMed, Scielo e Web of Science, no período de maio a junho de 2021, sem recorte temporal ou restrição de idioma, através dos descritores: "enteral nutrition e immunenutrition", "cancerpatients e gastriccancerpatients", "preoperative, perioperative e postoperative". Resultados: Foram selecionados 8 estudos, destes, a maioria identificou benefícios na utilização da suplementação em razão da diminuição de células TNF-a, do cortisol e da transferrina, diminuindo o tempo de internação e melhora no estado funcional dos participantes suplementados. Conclusão: Os achados foram positivos, no entanto, houve algumas limitações como a heterogeneidade em abordagens terapêuticas e perda de pacientes durante o estudo, apesar de apresentarem baixo risco de viés, ainda há a necessidade de mais estudos.(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the nutrition of surgical patients with neoplasia in the gastrointestinal tract using food supplements. Method: This is a systematic literature review carried out in Google Scholar, PubMed, Scielo and Web of Science databases, from May to June 2021, without time frame or language restriction, using the descriptors: "enteral nutrition and immunenutrition", "cancerpatients and gastriccancerpatients", "preoperative, perioperative and postoperative". Results: Eight studies were selected, most of which identified benefits in the use of supplementation due to the decrease in TNF-a cells, cortisol and transferrin, reducing the length of hospital stay and improving the functional status of supplemented participants. Conclusion: The findings were positive, however, there were some limitations such as heterogeneity in therapeutic approaches and loss of patients during the study, despite having a low risk of bias, there is still a need for further studies.(AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar la nutrición de pacientes quirúrgicos con neoplasia en el tracto gastrointestinal utilizando suplementos alimenticios. Método: Se trata de una revisión sistemática de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos Google Scholar, PubMed, Scielo y Web of Science, de mayo a junio de 2021, sin franja horaria ni restricción de idioma, utilizando los descriptores: "nutrición enteral e inmunonutrición", "pacientes oncológicos y pacientes con cáncer gástrico", "preoperatorio, perioperatorio y postoperatorio". Resultados: Se seleccionaron ocho estudios, la mayoría de los cuales identificaron beneficios en el uso de la suplementación por la disminución de células TNF-a, cortisol y transferrina, reduciendo la estancia hospitalaria y mejorando el estado funcional de los participantes suplementados. Conclusión: Los hallazgos fueron positivos, sin embargo, hubo algunas limitaciones como la heterogeneidad en los enfoques terapéuticos y la pérdida de pacientes durante el estudio, a pesar de tener un bajo riesgo de sesgo, aún existe la necesidad de realizar más estudios.(AU)


Subject(s)
Nutrition Assessment , Dietary Supplements , Surgical Oncology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
16.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(1): 176-199, Jan-Abr. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414821

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A suplementação nutricional em pessoas vivendo com HIV ainda é pouco difundida, sendo essencial o levantamento de evidências que apontem as terapêuticas mais eficientes para beneficiar a saúde desta população. Ao se tratar do público infantil, no qual a prevalência de carências nutricionais é elevada, o conhecimento acerca da suplementação nutricional é bastante profícuo. Objetivo: Analisar relatórios de pesquisa acerca dos efeitos do uso de suplementos nutricionais em crianças vivendo com HIV. Desenho do estudo e local: Uma revisão narrativa realizada na Universidade Federal do Maranhão, em Imperatriz, município localizado no oeste do estado do Maranhão. Método: Foi realizada uma busca nos bancos de dados Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus, WHO/OMS e biblioteca digital de teses e dissertações da USP entre setembro de 2021 a janeiro de 2022. Resultados: Foram incluídas 26 produções, as quais demonstraram que o uso de múltiplos nutrientes reduziu o tempo de hospitalização em crianças admitidas com diarreia ou pneumonia, melhorando a morbidade, concentração de hemoglobina e ganho ponderal. A oferta de ferro foi considerada satisfatória no combate à progressão da doença, vitamina A melhorou o quadro de diarreia persistente e vitamina D a habilidade motora neuromuscular. Conclusão: Os estudos sobre suplementação nutricional e a relação dos nutrientes com os diversos aspectos de saúde das crianças vivendo com HIV tem avançado. Logo, é necessário alargar as pesquisas no tema em contextos distintos, a fim de incrementar e gerar novas evidências, colaborando para uma conduta mais assertiva dos profissionais de saúde e consequente melhora no prognóstico dessas crianças.


Background: Providing nutritional supplementation to people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a therapeutic intervention still not widespread, so it is essential to gather evidence supporting efficient therapies to benefit the health of this population. The prevalence of nutritional deficiencies is high in children; consequently, the knowledge about nutritional supplementation in this age group is quite fruitful. Objective: To analyze research reports on the effects of nutritional supplementation in children living with HIV. Design and setting: A narrative review was conducted at the Federal University of Maranhão, Imperatriz, west of the Maranhão State. Methods: The searches were performed in the Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus, and World Health Organization (WHO) databases and the São Paulo University's digital library of theses and dissertations from September 2021 to January 2022. Results: Twenty-six studies were included and showed that using multiple nutrients reduced the hospitalization time of children admitted with diarrhea or pneumonia, improving morbidity, hemoglobin concentration, and weight gain. The supply of iron was considered effective in combating the progression of the disease, vitamin A improved the condition of persistent diarrhea, and vitamin D improved neuromuscular motor skills. Conclusion: Studies have advanced on nutritional supplementation, the relationship between nutrients, and the different health aspects of children living with HIV. Therefore, it is necessary to expand research on the subject in different contexts to increase and generate new evidence, contributing to more assertive conduct of health professionals and consequent improvement in the prognosis of these children.


Antecedentes: La administración de suplementos nutricionales a las personas que viven con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) es una intervención terapéutica aún poco extendida, por lo que es fundamental reunir pruebas que apoyen terapias eficaces en beneficio de la salud de esta población. La prevalencia de deficiencias nutricionales es elevada en niños, por lo que el conocimiento sobre la suplementación nutricional en este grupo de edad es bastante fructífero. Objetivo: Analizar los informes de investigación sobre los efectos de la suplementación nutricional en niños que viven con el VIH. Diseño y escenario: Se realizó una revisión narrativa en la Universidad Federal de Maranhão, Imperatriz, al oeste del Estado de Maranhão. Métodos: Las búsquedas se realizaron en las bases de datos Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus y Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) y en la biblioteca digital de tesis y disertaciones de la Universidad de São Paulo desde septiembre de 2021 hasta enero de 2022. Resultados: Se incluyeron 26 estudios que mostraron que el uso de múltiples nutrientes redujo el tiempo de hospitalización de los niños ingresados con diarrea o neumonía, mejorando la morbilidad, la concentración de hemoglobina y el aumento de peso. El aporte de hierro se consideró eficaz para combatir la progresión de la enfermedad, la vitamina A mejoró el cuadro de diarrea persistente y la vitamina D mejoró las habilidades motoras neuromusculares. Conclusiones: Los estudios han avanzado sobre la suplementación nutricional, la relación entre los nutrientes y los diferentes aspectos de la salud de los niños que viven con el VIH. Por lo tanto, es necesario ampliar las investigaciones sobre el tema en diferentes contextos para aumentar y generar nuevas evidencias, contribuyendo para una conducta más asertiva de los profesionales de salud y consecuente mejoría en el pronóstico de estos niños.


Subject(s)
Child , HIV , Dietary Supplements , Pneumonia , Vitamin A , Hemoglobins , Child Health , Morbidity , Diarrhea , Motor Activity
17.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-11, 2023. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469009

ABSTRACT

The experimental research was carried out on the juvenile carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). The impact from supplemental feeds consisting of variable concentrations of chelate compounds, biogenic trace elements and probiotic lactobacillus-based product Bacillus subtilis VKPM B-2335 was evaluated. Optical and qualitative parameters of the lactobacillus base were studied in order to identify the major group of substances potentially able to influence the end result. The purpose of this research was to identify changes in the structure of the zymogen granules and their dimensions at which supplemental feeds produce a stimulating effect on the synthesis of zymogens in exogenous cells of the secretory part of pancreas. At the outcome of the study, for the first time, it was possible to prove that the integrated action of chelates and lactobacillus-based probiotics complemented each other. Metal chelate compounds contributed to enlargement of the zymogen granules, if compared to the control values. The bacterial products accelerated production of the zymogen granules in acinar cells diffusely located in carp hepatopancreas.


A pesquisa experimental foi realizada em carpas juvenis (Cyprinus carpio L.). O impacto de suplementos alimentares consistindo em concentrações variáveis de compostos quelatos, oligoelementos biogênicos e produto probiótico baseado em lactobacilos Bacillus subtilis VKPM B-2335 foi avaliado. Parâmetros ópticos e qualitativos da base de lactobacilos foram estudados a fim de identificar o maior grupo de substâncias potencialmente capazes de influenciar o resultado final. O objetivo dessa pesquisa foi identificar mudanças na estrutura dos grânulos de zimogênio e suas dimensões nas quais alimentos suplementares produzem um efeito estimulante na síntese de zimogênios em células exógenas da parte secretora do pâncreas. No resultado do estudo, pela primeira vez, foi possível comprovar que a ação integrada dos quelatos e dos probióticos à base de lactobacilos se complementava. Compostos quelatos metálicos contribuíram para o aumento dos grânulos de zimogênio, se comparados aos valores de controle. Os produtos bacterianos aceleraram a produção dos grânulos de zimogênio nas células acinares localizadas difusamente no hepatopâncreas da carpa.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carps/metabolism , Enzyme Precursors , Probiotics/adverse effects , Pancreas , Secretory Vesicles
18.
Braz. j. biol ; 832023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469228

ABSTRACT

Abstract The experimental research was carried out on the juvenile carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). The impact from supplemental feeds consisting of variable concentrations of chelate compounds, biogenic trace elements and probiotic lactobacillus-based product Bacillus subtilis VKPM B-2335 was evaluated. Optical and qualitative parameters of the lactobacillus base were studied in order to identify the major group of substances potentially able to influence the end result. The purpose of this research was to identify changes in the structure of the zymogen granules and their dimensions at which supplemental feeds produce a stimulating effect on the synthesis of zymogens in exogenous cells of the secretory part of pancreas. At the outcome of the study, for the first time, it was possible to prove that the integrated action of chelates and lactobacillus-based probiotics complemented each other. Metal chelate compounds contributed to enlargement of the zymogen granules, if compared to the control values. The bacterial products accelerated production of the zymogen granules in acinar cells diffusely located in carp hepatopancreas.


Resumo A pesquisa experimental foi realizada em carpas juvenis (Cyprinus carpio L.). O impacto de suplementos alimentares consistindo em concentrações variáveis de compostos quelatos, oligoelementos biogênicos e produto probiótico baseado em lactobacilos Bacillus subtilis VKPM B-2335 foi avaliado. Parâmetros ópticos e qualitativos da base de lactobacilos foram estudados a fim de identificar o maior grupo de substâncias potencialmente capazes de influenciar o resultado final. O objetivo dessa pesquisa foi identificar mudanças na estrutura dos grânulos de zimogênio e suas dimensões nas quais alimentos suplementares produzem um efeito estimulante na síntese de zimogênios em células exógenas da parte secretora do pâncreas. No resultado do estudo, pela primeira vez, foi possível comprovar que a ação integrada dos quelatos e dos probióticos à base de lactobacilos se complementava. Compostos quelatos metálicos contribuíram para o aumento dos grânulos de zimogênio, se comparados aos valores de controle. Os produtos bacterianos aceleraram a produção dos grânulos de zimogênio nas células acinares localizadas difusamente no hepatopâncreas da carpa.

19.
Rev. bras. queimaduras ; 22(2): 77-84, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552894

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar o consumo alimentar dos pacientes queimados hospitalizados no processo de cicatrização. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal, quantitativo, com coleta de dados prospectivos. A coleta ocorreu no Hospital Regional da Asa Norte (HRAN), no período de março de 2022 a maio de 2022, com 113 dias alimentares de 24 pacientes hospitalizados. A coleta de dados foi realizada com ficha pré-estabelecida (número de prontuário, sexo, faixa etária, percentual de área queimada e tipo de queimadura). Para calcular as necessidades nutricionais, foi utilizada a equação de Toronto. A análise dos dados coletados aconteceu a partir do software Avanutri PC, sendo uma análise quantitativa dos macronutrientes (proteína, lipídios e carboidratos) e micronutrientes (zinco, vitamina C, vitamina A, vitamina E e selênio). RESULTADOS: Os recordatórios alimentares foram calculados com e sem suplementação. Nos dias com suplementação a adequação calórica aumentou, sendo que a maioria, 39,8%, conseguiu atingir mais de100% das recomendações e 29,2% conseguiu permanecer dentro de 75-100% das necessidades energéticas diária e todas as vitaminas e minerais também aumentaram sua adequação, sendo vitamina A antes da suplementação 406,1mg e após a suplementação 531,4mg, vitamina C antes 462,2mg e 626,4mg após, vitamina E 8,3mg antes e 31,2mg após, zinco 11,8mcg antes e após 18,7mcg e selênio 54,4mg antes e 99,5mg após a suplementação. CONCLUSÕES: A nutrição desempenha um papel muito importante na recuperação de pacientes queimados, contribuindo para a cicatrização de feridas, prevenção de infecções, manutenção do peso corporal e minimização de complicações. É essencial que esses pacientes recebam suplementação adequada para auxiliar seu processo de cicatrização.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the food consumption of hospitalized burn patients in the healing process. METHODS: Cross-sectional, quantitative study, with prospective data collection. The collection took place at the Hospital Regional da Asa Norte (HRAN), from March 2022 to May 2022, with 113 days of eating from 24 hospitalized patients. Data collection was carried out using a pre-established form (medical record number, sex, age group, percentage of burned area and type of burn). To calculate nutritional needs, the Toronto equation was used. The analysis of the collected data took place using the Avanutri PC Software, being a quantitative analysis of macronutrients (protein, lipids and carbohydrates) and micronutrients (zinc, vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E and selenium). RESULTS: Dietary recalls were calculated with and without supplementation, on days with supplementation caloric adequacy increased, with the majority, 39.8%, managing to achieve more than100% of recommendations and 29.2% managing to remain within 75-100% of daily energy needs and all vitamins and minerals also increased their adequacy, with vitamin A before supplementation 406.1mg and after supplementation 531.4mg, vitamin C before 462.2mg and 626.4mg after, vitamin E 8.3mg before and 31.2mg after, zinc 11.8mcg before and after 18.7mcg and selenium 54.4mg before and 99.5mg after supplementation. CONCLUSIONS: Nutrition plays a very important role in the recovery of burn patients, contributing to wound healing, preventing infections, maintaining body weight and minimizing complications. It is essential that these patients receive adequate supplementation to aid their healing process.

20.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 46(2)2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534506

ABSTRACT

Dado el problema de salud pública que plantean los esteroides anabólicos, el consumo de ayudas ergogénicas está aumentando a nivel mundial, no es en Bolivia. Además, existe un consumo desmedido de suplementos nutricionales y farmacéuticos, así como efectos reversibles e irreversibles de los esteroides anabólicos. Objetivos: describir cómo se consumen las ayudas ergogénicas nutricionales y farmacéuticas y cómo los asistentes a gimnasios en el municipio Cercado de Cochabamba perciben sus efectos en su salud. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional transversal con 378 participantes mayores de 18 años, (estratificada) divididos en cuatro grupos; Amateur, Fitness, Deportista y en nueve gimnasios y dos grupos (NABBA-IFFB) y deportistas en general en el área metropolitana de Cercado Cochabamba. Resultados: se encontró que el 74,6% consume alguna sustancia que mejoran el rendimiento; el consumo de ayudas ergogénicas nutricionales fue del 57,1%(n=216) y farmacológicas el 17,4% (n=66). El tiempo dedicado a entrenamiento y dieta para el grupo amateur es estadísticamente significativo con un valor de (p<0,05). Los efectos percibidos y reportados por el consumo de ayudas ergogénicas farmacológicas (esteroides anabólicos androgénicos) son principalmente cambios de humor, alteración en la libido y acné. Entre los efectos secundarios irreversibles dos casos de hombres desarrollaron ginecomastia y dos mujeres desarrollaron clítoromegalia. Conclusiones: los usuarios de ejercicio en el gimnasio consumen grandes cantidades de sustancias nutricionales y/o farmacológica que mejoran el rendimiento.


Given the public health problem posed by anabolic steroids, the consumption of ergogenic aids is increasing worldwide, not indifferently in Bolivia. In addition, there is an excessive consumption of nutritional and pharmaceutical supplements, as well as reversible and irreversible effects of anabolic steroids. Objectives: to describe how nutritional and pharmaceutical ergogenic aids are consumed and how gym-goers in the Cercado municipality of Cochabamba perceive their effects on their health. Methods: a crosssectional observational study was conducted with 378 participants over 18 years of age, (stratified) divided into four groups; Amateur, Fitness, Athlete and in 9 gyms and 2 groups (NABBA-IFFB) and athletes in general in the metropolitan area of Cercado Cochabamba. Results: it was found that 74.6% consumed some performance-enhancing substance; the consumption of nutritional ergogenic aids was 57.1% (n=216) and pharmacological aids 17.4% (n=66). Time dedicated to training and diet for the amateur group is statistically significant with a value of (p<0.05). The perceived and reported effects of the consumption of pharmacological ergogenic aids (anabolic androgenic steroids) are mainly mood changes, libido alteration and acne. Among the irreversible side effects 2 cases of men developed gynecomastia and 2 women developed clitoromegaly. Conclusions: exercise users in the gym consume large amounts of nutritional and/or pharmacological performance enhancing substances.

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