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2.
Clin Pract ; 14(2): 653-660, 2024 Apr 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38666810

ABSTRACT

The global prevalence of obesity continues to rise, contributing to an increased frequency of abdominal wall reconstruction procedures, particularly ventral hernia repairs, in individuals with elevated body mass indexes. Undertaking these operations in obese patients poses inherent challenges. This review focuses on the current literature in this area, with special attention to the impact of concomitant panniculectomy. Obese individuals undergoing abdominal wall reconstruction face elevated rates of wound healing complications and hernia recurrence. The inclusion of concurrent panniculectomy heightens the risk of surgical site occurrences but does not significantly influence hernia recurrence rates. While this combined approach can be executed in obese patients, caution is warranted, due to the higher risk of complications. Physicians should carefully balance and communicate the potential risks, especially regarding the increased likelihood of wound healing complications. Acknowledging these factors is crucial in shared decision making and ensuring optimal patient outcomes in the context of abdominal wall reconstruction and related procedures in the obese population.

3.
BJOG ; 2024 Apr 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To examine long-term complications in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP), with and without surgical mesh implants. DESIGN: Longitudinal open cohort study from 1 April 2006 (or 1 April 2012) to 30 November 2018. SETTING: The Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) Gold database, which is linked to Hospital Episodes Statistics (HES) inpatient data, the HES Diagnostic Imaging Dataset (DID), Office for National Statistics mortality data and Index of Multiple Deprivation socio-economic status data. SAMPLE: Women aged ≥18 years with a diagnostic SUI/POP Read code. METHODS: Rates are estimated using negative binomial regression. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of referrals for: psychological and pain services; urinalysis, C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) testing; and pelvic ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. RESULTS: A cohort of 220 544 women were eligible for inclusion; 74% (n = 162 687) had SUI, 37% (n = 82 123) had POP and 11% (n = 24 266) had both. Rates of psychological referrals and CT scans were lower in women with SUI mesh surgery, but this was offset by higher rates of CRP testing in women with SUI or POP mesh, MRI scans in women with SUI mesh, and urinalysis testing and referrals to pain clinics for women with POP mesh. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest a higher burden of morbidity in women with SUI/POP mesh surgery, and that these women may require ongoing follow-up in the primary care setting.

5.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(5)2024 Feb 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475352

ABSTRACT

Soft tissue defects, such as incisional hernia or pelvic organ prolapse, are prevalent pathologies characterized by a tissue microenvironment rich in fragile and dysfunctional fibroblasts. Precision medicine could improve their surgical repair, currently based on polymeric materials. Nonetheless, biomaterial-triggered interventions need first a better understanding of the cell-material interfaces that truly consider the patients' biology. Few tools are available to study the interactions between polymers and dysfunctional soft tissue cells in vitro. Here, we propose polypropylene (PP) as a matrix to create microscale surfaces w/wo functionalization with an HBII-RGD molecule, a fibronectin fragment modified to include an RGD sequence for promoting cell attachment and differentiation. Metal mold surfaces were roughened by shot blasting with aluminum oxide, and polypropylene plates were obtained by injection molding. HBII-RGD was covalently attached by silanization. As a proof of concept, primary abdominal and vaginal wall fasciae fibroblasts from control patients were grown on the new surfaces. Tissue-specific significant differences in cell morphology, early adhesion and cytoskeletal structure were observed. Roughness and biofunctionalization parameters exerted unique and combinatorial effects that need further investigation. We conclude that the proposed model is effective and provides a new framework to inform the design of smart materials for the treatment of clinically compromised tissues.

6.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 39(1): 1-9, jan.mar.2024. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527466

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Reduzindo os índices de recidiva de forma impactante, o emprego de biomateriais como "telas de reforço" na reparação de diferentes defeitos da parede abdominal tornou-se rotina quase obrigatória para o sucesso dessas reparações. A partir da década de 1990 houve a introdução de matrizes biológicas acelulares, iniciando-se assim uma nova era na reparação dos defeitos da parede abdominal. O objetivo é avaliar a funcionalidade do pericárdio bovino acelularizado em reparações da parede abdominal. Método: Trinta pacientes foram submetidos a reparação de defeitos da parede abdominal, com biopróteses acelulares de pericárdio bovino, perfazendo um total de 40 implantes anatomicamente individualizados. O seguimento médio foi de 31 meses, sendo os pacientes avaliados clinicamente e radiologicamente. Em três casos foram feitas biópsias das áreas implantadas permitindo análise histológica do material. Resultados: Não se observou recidiva das herniações em nenhum dos casos, tanto clinica como radiologicamente. Também não houve registro de hematomas, infecções ou qualquer fenômeno de natureza reacional local ou sistêmica. Radiologicamente, não foi possível visualizar as matrizes no local de implantação em qualquer dos períodos de pós-operatório analisados. Conclusão: As matrizes mostraram similaridade às demais membranas biológicas descritas na literatura internacional. Representando uma importante atualização e evolução conceitual, as membranas acelulares de pericárdio bovino podem ser incorporadas ao arsenal terapêutico nas reparações de parede abdominal.


Introduction: Reducing recurrence rates significantly, the use of biomaterials as "reinforcement meshes" in the repair of different abdominal wall defects has become an almost mandatory routine for the success of these repairs. From the 1990s onwards, acellular biological matrices were introduced, thus beginning a new era in the repair of abdominal wall defects. The objective is to evaluate the functionality of the acellularized bovine pericardium in abdominal wall repairs. Method: Thirty patients underwent repair of abdominal wall defects using acellular bovine pericardium bioprostheses, making a total of 40 anatomically individualized implants. The average follow-up was 31 months, with patients being evaluated clinically and radiologically. In three cases, biopsies were taken from the implanted areas, allowing histological analysis of the material. Results: No recurrence of herniations was observed in any of the cases, both clinically and radiologically. There were also no records of bruises, infections or any phenomenon of a local or systemic reaction nature. Radiologically, it was not possible to visualize the matrices at the implantation site in any of the postoperative periods analyzed. Conclusion: The matrices showed similarity to other biological membranes described in the international literature. Representing an important update and conceptual evolution, acellular bovine pericardial membranes can be incorporated into the therapeutic arsenal in abdominal wall repairs.

7.
Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 40(2): 184-190, 2024 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38389767

ABSTRACT

Tumours of the sternum can be either primary or secondary with malignancy being the most common etiology. Wide local excision of these tumours results in a midline defect which pose a unique challenge for reconstruction. As limited data on the management of these tumours exists in the literature, we hereby report 14 consecutive patients who were treated at our institute between January 2009 to December 2020. Most of them were malignant with majority of them, 11 (78%) patients, with manubrial involvement requiring partial sternectomy. Overall, the average defect size was 75 cm2. Reconstruction of the chest wall defect was done using a semi-rigid fixation: mesh and suture stabilization in 3 (21%) or suture stabilization in 7 (50%) and without mesh or suture stabilization in 3 (21%) patients. Rigid fixation with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was done for one patient (7%). Pectoralis major advancement flap was most commonly used for soft tissue reconstruction with flap necrosis noted in one patient (7%). There was no peri-operative mortality and one patient required prolonged post-operative ventilation. On a median follow-up of 37.5 months, one patient (7%) had a recurrence. Sternal defects after surgical resection reconstructed with semi-rigid fixation and suture stabilization render acceptable post-operative outcomes.

8.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 39(1): 153-163, 2024 Feb 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38416009

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of ridge augmentation using a customized titanium mesh (CTM) that was preformed by trimming and bending the commercial titanium mesh on a virtually reconstructed 3D acrylic resin model using clinical, radiologic, histologic, and histomorphometric analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed prospectively for patients who required vertical ridge augmentation using a staged approach before implant surgery. After installation of the CTM, grafting was performed using deproteinized porcine bone mineral covered with an absorbable membrane. Computed tomography was performed preoperatively and 6 months after simultaneous/staged guided bone regeneration to measure planned, reconstructed, and lacking bone volume, and the reconstruction rate was calculated based on these values. Clinical complications were also recorded, particularly the mesh exposure rate. At re-entry, the bone core was obtained using a trephine bur, and histologic and histomorphometric analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 10 sites in eight patients were used for the study analysis. The mean planned bone volume was 1.15 cm3 (range: 0.78 to 1.56 cm3), mean lacking bone volume was 0.13 cm3 (range: 0 to 0.59 cm3), and mean reconstructed bone volume was 1.02 cm3 (range: 0.56 to 1.43 cm3). The exposure rate was 30% (3 out of 10 sites). The reconstruction rate was over 80%, except for one case that showed suppuration. From histomorphometric analysis, 27.52% ± 16.87% of new bone, 7.62% ± 5.19% of residual graft, and 64.86% ± 23.76% of connective tissue were observed. The core biopsy samples demonstrated different pseudoperiosteum layer appearances based on the healing stage of the augmented sites. In the premature bone, the inner osteogenic layer consisted of multiple layers of osteoblast cells with adjacent large blood vessels. However, in the mature augmented site, there was no specific inner osteogenic layer, and the outer fibrous layer was dominant. CONCLUSIONS: The fabrication of CTM based on the application of the 3D-printing technique makes vertical ridge augmentation easier and can reduce complications and achieve target bone acquisition. In addition, it is expected that quantitative analysis of the pseudoperiosteum layer will be facilitated using the CTM.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Titanium , Swine , Animals , Humans , Prospective Studies , Surgical Mesh , Printing, Three-Dimensional
9.
Obstet Gynecol Sci ; 67(2): 212-217, 2024 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38246693

ABSTRACT

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common cause of gynecological disease in elderly women. The prevalence of POP has increased with an aging society. Abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) is safer and more effective than the vaginal approach in patients with apical compartment POP because it has a higher anatomical cure rate, a lower recurrence rate, less dyspareunia, and improved sexual function. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) has replaced ASC. Robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSC) also helps overcome the challenges of LSC by facilitating deep pelvic dissection and multiple intracorporeal suturing. The RSC is technically easy to apply, has a steep learning curve, and offers many advantages over the LSC. However, insufficient data led us to conclude that the LSC is superior overall, especially in terms of costeffectiveness. The present review provides insights into different aspects of RSC, highlighting the most common benefits and concerns of this procedure. We searched for eligible articles discussing this issue from January 2019 to March 2022 to reveal the outcomes of RSC.

10.
Hernia ; 28(2): 401-410, 2024 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36753034

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: With this retrospective case series, we aim to identify predictors for reduction of pain after mesh revision surgery in patients operated for inguinal hernia or pelvic organ prolapse with a polypropylene implant. Identifying these predictors may aid surgeons to counsel patients and select appropriate candidates for mesh revision surgery. METHODS: Clinical records before and after mesh revision surgery from 221 patients with chronic postoperative inguinal pain (CPIP) and 59 patients with pain after pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery were collected at two experienced tertiary referral centers. Primary outcome was patient reported improvement of pain after revision surgery. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to specify predictors for pain reduction. RESULTS: The multivariable logistic regression was performed for each patient group separately. Patients with CPIP had higher chances of improvement of pain when time between mesh placement and mesh revision surgery was longer, with an OR of 1.19 per year. A turning point in chances of risks and benefits was demonstrated at 70 months, with improved outcomes for patients with revision surgery ≥ 70 months (OR 2.86). For POP patients, no statistically significant predictors for reduction of pain after (partial) removal surgery could be identified. CONCLUSION: A longer duration of at least 70 months between implantation of inguinal mesh and revision surgery seems to give a higher chance on improvement of pain. Caregivers should not avoid surgery based on a longer duration of symptoms when an association between symptoms and the location of the mesh is found.


Subject(s)
Hernia, Inguinal , Inositol Phosphates , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Prostaglandins E , Humans , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Hernia, Inguinal/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Reoperation , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Herniorrhaphy , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/surgery
11.
Adv Mater ; 36(11): e2307391, 2024 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37770105

ABSTRACT

Current research in the area of surgical mesh implants is somewhat limited to traditional designs and synthesis of various mesh materials, whereas meshes with multiple functions may be an effective approach to address long-standing challenges including postoperative complications. Herein, a bioresorbable electronic surgical mesh is presented that offers high mechanical strength over extended timeframes, wireless post-operative pressure monitoring, and on-demand drug delivery for the restoration of tissue structure and function. The study of materials and mesh layouts provides a wide range of tunability of mechanical and biochemical properties. Dissolvable dielectric composite with porous structure in a pyramidal shape enhances sensitivity of a wireless capacitive pressure sensor, and resistive microheaters integrated with inductive coils provide thermo-responsive drug delivery system for an antibacterial agent. In vivo evaluations demonstrate reliable, long-lived operation, and effective treatment for abdominal hernia defects, by clear evidence of suppressed complications such as adhesion formation and infections.


Subject(s)
Absorbable Implants , Hernia, Abdominal , Humans , Surgical Mesh , Hernia, Abdominal/surgery , Drug Delivery Systems , Electronics
12.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 170(3): 758-765, 2024 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38037503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the use of polypropylene mesh and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in nasal septal perforation (NSP) repair. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. SETTING: Laboratory. METHODS: Twenty-four adult male New Zealand rabbits were used in our study. In all subjects, a 10 × 10 mm perforation was created in the septum. The subjects were divided into 3 equal groups according to the different methods used in perforation closure. The bilateral mucosal flap was used in the control group, polypropylene mesh + bilateral mucosal flap in the mesh group, and polypropylene mesh + bilateral mucosal flap + PRF in the mesh + PRF group. RESULTS: NSP treatment success rate was found to be significantly higher in the mesh (4/6, 66.7%) and mesh + PRF (6/6, 100%) groups compared to the control group (0/6, 0%). Re-epithelialization score was higher in the mesh + PRF group and the control group compared to the mesh group. While the necrosis, neutrophil, and abscess scores were highest in the mesh group, they were similar to the control group in the mesh + PRF group. CONCLUSIONS: While polypropylene mesh significantly increases the success rate in NSP repair, it causes severe inflammatory responses. However, when polypropylene mesh is combined with PRF, it both increases the rate of perforation closure and significantly reduces the complications associated with the use of mesh.


Subject(s)
Nasal Septal Perforation , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Humans , Adult , Male , Animals , Rabbits , Nasal Septal Perforation/surgery , Polypropylenes , Prospective Studies , Surgical Mesh
13.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 31(6): 3675-3683, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38153642

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chest wall tumors are a heterogeneous group of tumors that are managed by surgeons from diverse specialties. Due to their rarity, there is no consensus on their diagnosis and management. MATERIALS: This retrospective, descriptive analysis includes patients with malignant chest wall tumors undergoing chest wall resection. Tumors were classified as primary, secondary, and metastatic tumors. The analysis includes clinicopathological characteristics, resection-reconstruction profile, and relapse patterns. RESULTS: A total of 181 patients underwent chest wall resection between 1999 and 2020. In primary tumors (69%), the majority were soft tissue tumors (59%). In secondary tumors, the majority were from the breast (45%) and lung (42%). Twenty-five percent of patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and 98% of patients underwent R0 resection. Soft tissue, skeletal + soft tissue, and extended resections were performed in 45%, 70%, and 28% of patients, respectively. The majority of patients (60%) underwent rib resections, and a median of 3.5 ribs were resected. The mean defect size was 24 cm2. Soft tissue reconstruction was performed in 40% of patients, mostly with latissimus dorsi flaps. Rigid reconstruction was performed in 57% of patients, and 18% underwent mesh-bone cement sandwich technique reconstruction. Adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy were given to 29% and 39% of patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the largest single-institutional experiences on malignant chest wall tumors. The results highlight varied tumor spectra and multimodality approaches for optimal functional and survival outcomes. In limited resource setting, surgery, including reconstructive expertise, is very crucial.


Subject(s)
Plastic Surgery Procedures , Thoracic Neoplasms , Thoracic Wall , Humans , Thoracic Wall/pathology , Thoracic Wall/surgery , Female , Retrospective Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Thoracic Neoplasms/pathology , Thoracic Neoplasms/therapy , Thoracic Neoplasms/surgery , Aged , Adult , Prognosis , Follow-Up Studies , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/therapy , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/surgery , Young Adult , Survival Rate , Aged, 80 and over , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Adolescent , Surgical Flaps
14.
Preprint in English | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-7277

ABSTRACT

Large hiatal hernias (LHH) besides being more prevalent in the elderly, have different clinical presentation: fewer reflux, more mechanical symptoms and a greater possibility of acute, life-threatening complications such as gastric volvulus, ischemia and visceral mediastinal perforation. Thus, surgical indications are distinct from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD-related), sliding hiatal hernias. Heartburn tends to be less intense, while symptoms of chest pain, cough, discomfort, and tiredness are reported more frequently. Complaints of vomiting and dysphagia may suggest the presence of associated gastric volvulus. Signs of iron deficiency and anemia are found. Surgical indication is still controversial and was previously based on high mortality reported in emergency surgeries for gastric volvulus. Postoperative mortality is especially related to three factors: body mass index (BMI above 35), age over 70 years and presence of comorbidity. Minimally invasive elective surgery should be offered to symptomatic individuals with good or reasonable performance status, regardless of age group. In asymptomatic and oligosymptomatic patients, besides obviously identifying the patient's desire, case-by-case analysis of surgical risk factors such as age, obesity and comorbidities, should be taken under consideration. One should also pay attention to situations with greater technical difficulty and risks of acute migration due to increased abdominal pressure (abdominoplasty, manual workers, spastic diseases). Technical alternatives such as partial fundoplication and anterior gastropexy can be considered. We emphasize the importance of performing surgical procedures in cases of LHH in high-volume centers, with experienced surgeons.


As grandes hérnias de hiato (HHG), além de serem mais prevalentes em idosos, têm apresentação clínica diferente: menos refluxo, mais sintomas mecânicos e maior possibilidade de complicações agudas e potencialmente fatais, como vólvulo gástrico, isquemia e perfuração mediastinal visceral. Assim, as indicações cirúrgicas são distintas das hérnias de hiato por deslizamento, relacionadas à doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE). A azia tende a ser menos intensa, enquanto os sintomas de dor no peito, tosse, desconforto e cansaço são relatados com maior frequência. Queixas de vômitos e disfagia podem sugerir a presença de volvo gástrico associado. São encontrados sinais de deficiência de ferro e anemia. A indicação cirúrgica ainda é controversa e foi anteriormente baseada na alta mortalidade relatada em cirurgias de emergência para volvo gástrico. A mortalidade pós-operatória está especialmente relacionada a três fatores: índice de massa corporal (IMC acima de 35), idade superior a 70 anos e presença de comorbidades. A cirurgia eletiva minimamente invasiva deve ser oferecida a indivíduos sintomáticos, com desempenho bom ou razoável, independentemente da faixa etária. Em pacientes assintomáticos e oligossintomáticos, além de obviamente identificar o desejo do paciente, deve-se levar em consideração a análise caso a caso dos fatores de risco cirúrgico, como idade, obesidade e comorbidades. Deve-se atentar também para situações de maior dificuldade técnica e riscos de migração aguda por aumento da pressão abdominal (abdominoplastia, trabalhos manuais, doenças espásticas). Alternativas técnicas como fundoplicatura parcial e gastropexia anterior podem ser consideradas. Ressaltamos a importância da realização de procedimentos cirúrgicos nos casos de GHH em centros de grande volume, com cirurgiões experientes.

15.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 242: 107850, 2023 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37865005

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical meshes have demonstrated greater reliability compared to suture repair for abdominal wall hernia treatment. However, questions remain regarding the properties of these devices and their influence on surgical outcomes. Morphological properties, including pore size and porosity, play a crucial role in mesh integration and encapsulation. In this study, we introduce a straightforward image analysis procedure for accurately calculating both textile porosity and effective porosity. The latter specifically considers pores that prevent bridging, providing valuable insights into mesh performance. METHODS: A photographic setup was established to capture high-quality images of the meshes, accompanied by calibration images necessary for computing the effective porosity. The developed image analysis procedure comprises seven steps focused on improving the binarization process's quality, followed by the computation of textile and effective porosities. To facilitate usability, an app called "poreScanner" was designed using MATLAB app designer, guiding users through the algorithm described herein. The app was used to compute both porosities on 24 meshes sourced from various manufacturers, by averaging seven measurements obtained from as many images. The app's measurement stability was validated computing the coefficient of variation for both textile and effective porosity, for a total of 36 results (24 for the textile porosity and 12 for the effective one). Additionally, different operators independently tested one heavy and one light mesh, confirming the measurement's operator independence. RESULTS: The results on the coefficient of variation indicated values below 5 % in 34 out of 36 cases, regardless of the mesh density. Similarly, the same parameter was computed to assess the independence of the procedure from different operators, yielding a maximum value of 1.84 %. These findings confirm the robustness and user-independence of the measurement procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The procedure presented in this study is straightforward to replicate and yields dependable results. Its adoption has the potential to standardize the computation of surgical mesh porosity, enabling consistent determination of this crucial morphological parameter.


Subject(s)
Surgical Mesh , Textiles , Porosity , Reproducibility of Results , Prostheses and Implants , Materials Testing
16.
Surg Endosc ; 37(12): 9125-9131, 2023 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37814164

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Parastomal hernias are frequent and highly recurrent. The sandwich technique is a combination of the keyhole and Sugarbaker techniques, using a double intraperitoneal mesh. The objective of this study was to assess the outcomes of the sandwich technique, specifically focusing on recurrence rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational retrospective study conducted in two tertiary referral centers in Catalonia, Spain. All consecutive patients who underwent parastomal hernia repair using the sandwich technique between 1st January 2016 and 31st December 2021 were included. RESULTS: A total of 38 patients underwent the laparoscopic sandwich technique for parastomal hernia repair. The overall recurrence rate was 7.9% (3/38), with a median follow-up of 39 months (IQR: 12.3-56.5). According to the EHS classification for parastomal hernia, there were 47.4% (18/38) type I defects, 10.5% (4/38) type II defects, 28.9% (11/38) type III defects, and 13.2% (5/38) type IV defects. The used mesh was predominantly TiMesh® (76.3%; 29/38), followed by DynaMesh® IPOM (23.7%; 9/38). Patients with recurrence exhibited higher rates of seroma, hematoma, surgical site infection, and one case of early recurrence attributed to mesh retraction. Consequently, postoperative complications emerged as the primary risk factor for hernia recurrence. CONCLUSION: The sandwich technique demonstrated recurrence rates consistent with those reported in the existing literature.


Subject(s)
Hernia, Ventral , Incisional Hernia , Laparoscopy , Humans , Hernia, Ventral/etiology , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Incisional Hernia/complications , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/methods , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects
18.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 13(18)2023 Sep 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37761358

ABSTRACT

(1) Background: Treating female pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is challenging. Surgical meshes have been used in transvaginal surgeries since the 1990s, but complications such as mesh exposure and infection have been reported. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) mesh, known for its stability and non-reactive properties, has shown promise in urogynecological surgeries. (2) Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 27 patients who underwent a modified PVDF vaginal mesh repair procedure using DynaMesh®-PR4 and combined trans-obturator and sacrospinous fixation techniques. Additional surgeries were performed as needed. (3) Results: The mean operation time was 56.7 min, and the mean blood loss was 66.7 mL. The average hospitalization period was 4.2 days with Foley catheter removal after 2 days. Patients experienced lower pain scores from the day of the operation to the following day. Postoperative follow-up revealed that 85.2% of patients achieved anatomic success, with 14.8% experiencing recurrent stage II cystocele. No recurrence of apical prolapse was observed. Complications were rare, with one case (3.7%) of asymptomatic mesh protrusion. (4) Conclusions: The modified vaginal mesh procedure using DynaMesh®-PR4 showed favorable outcomes with a short operation time, low recurrence rate, rare complications, and improved functional outcomes. This surgical option could be considered for anterior and apical pelvic organ prolapse in women.

19.
Surgeon ; 21(6): e378-e406, 2023 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37714802

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Thoracic surgeons are now adopting a new method of using a mesh covering to reduce recurrence in surgical pleurodesis for pneumothorax. We aimed to review the literature and compare the outcomes of using mesh covering as an additional procedure during surgical pleurodesis. METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed from inception to October 2022 on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and Scopus. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and observational cohort studies (OCSs) comparing the use of mesh coverage, and different materials were included. Data were extracted to compare recurrence and other outcomes using a random effect model. RESULTS: 23 studies consisting of 2 RCTs and 21 OCSs totalling 5092 patients were included. Patients with a mesh had a significantly lower recurrence (OR = 0.22, 95% CI 0.12-0.42, p < 0.0001) and a shorter duration of chest tube drainage (SMD = -0.74 days, 95% CI -0.28 to -1.20, p < 0.0001) but no significant difference in the length of operation. The use of polyglycolic acid (PGA) and vicryl mesh was associated with a significantly shorter duration of chest tube drainage [(PGA, SMD = 0.83 days, 95% CI 0.14-1.52, p < 0.0001), (vicryl, SMD = 1.06 days, 95% CI 0.71-2.82, p = 0.0005)]. They also had a shorter post-operative length of stay than oxidized regenerative cellulose (ORC) but this was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The use of a mesh material reduced the incidence of post-operative air leaks in the short term and the recurrence rate in the long term. Some mesh materials such as PGA and vicryl performed better than other materials.


Subject(s)
Pneumothorax , Humans , Pneumothorax/surgery , Pneumothorax/drug therapy , Surgical Mesh , Polyglactin 910/therapeutic use , Pleurodesis/methods , Drainage , Recurrence , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods
20.
Med Pharm Rep ; 96(3): 283-288, 2023 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37577015

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Inguinal hernia repairs represent one of the most commonly performed surgical operations worldwide. As more experience has been gained over the past decades with laparoscopic techniques, they are now widely used also for the repair of primary and unilateral inguinal hernias, representing a safe and effective alternative. One of the major concerns of patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair is postoperative pain and socio-professional reintegration. Aim of study: This study started from the hypothesis that the learning curve could influence postoperative pain intensity after laparoscopic inguinal hernioplasty. Methods: A retrospective - comparative study was performed, including a general surgeon's first consecutive cases (n=87) of TAPP (transabdominal preperitoneal procedure) hernioplasty procedures with implantation of self-gripping surgical prosthesis were investigated. Results: The evaluation of clinical and surgical aspects resulted in similar values in case of the studied groups. A reduction in surgical time was observed in case of patients operated after completing the learning curve (p = 0.0005) On the first postoperative day patients complained mostly about persistent and severe type of pain. Average Pain Index calculated with help of Simple Numeric Pain Scale resulted in similar values. Length of analgesic treatment showed no significant differences. Although higher intensity pain was mostly caracteristic in case of patients operated during the learning process, no significant relationship between learning curve and postoperative pain intensity were highlited. Conclusion: TAPP can be a safe technique for young surgeons as well, with the right study program the procedure can be mastered safely.

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