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2.
Eur. j. psychiatry ; 38(2): [100235], Apr.-Jun. 2024.
Article in English | IBECS | ID: ibc-231861

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives The Economic Activity Restriction (EAR) due to health conditions is being utilized as a foundational measure for the European indicator Healthy Life Years (HLY). The EAR group is experiencing limitations not only in economic activities but also in overall activities, and it is a population with a high likelihood of transitioning to mental illness due to health condition. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between EAR and mental illness. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify the association between EAR due to health conditions and mental illness for those aged 45 and older in South Korea. Methods We obtained data from the 2006–2020 Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. EAR was assessed using self-reported questionnaires based on the Global Activity Limitation Indicator. mental illness was assessed based on the diagnosis data for participants who had been diagnosed. After excluding missing values, the data of 9,574 participants were analyzed using the chi-square test, log-rank tests, and time-dependent Cox proportional hazard model to evaluate the association between EAR and mental illness. Results Out of the 9,574 participants gathered at baseline, the mental illness rate was 4.8 %. The hazard ratio (HR) of mental illness in those in the “very probable” of EAR was 2.351 times higher (p-value <0.0001) compared with “not at all” of EAR. In model 1 which includes under 64 years, HR of mental illness in “very probable” of EAR was 3.679 times higher (p-value: 0.000) and in “probable” of EAR was 2.535 time higher (p-value: 0.001) compared with “not at all” of EAR. Conclusion If we provide opportunities to participate in community activities or provide the mental health promotion programs for middle-aged population who are experiencing EAR due to health condition... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mentally Ill Persons/psychology , Sick Leave , /psychology , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
3.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 53042, Jan.-Jun. 2024. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF - Nursing, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550250

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: A violência contra idosos é um fenômeno crescente, ocasionando prejuízos à saúde, com diferentes desfechos e consequências às vítimas. A chance de idosas sofrerem-na no âmbito familiar supera a dos homens, sendo o gênero um fator de risco considerável. Objetivo: Analisar a compreensão da violência contra pessoas idosas segundo mulheres gerontes. Metodologia: Pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa desenvolvida com 22 idosas de uma comunidade no estado da Paraíba, Brasil, escolhidas por conveniência. Utilizou-se para coleta de dados entrevistas semiestruturadas, processadas pelo software Iramuteq, com posterior Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: Foram evidenciadas cinco classes: ciclo de violência; rede de apoio ao idoso vítima de violência; Vivência de situações violentas; violência financeira; e simbologia da violência na sociedade, as quais denotam compreensão da violência envolvendo os diferentes tipos. Apoiam-se nos fatores da vivência familiar, cultura e outros, consubstanciando o profissional de saúde como fundamental para o desfecho. O gênero influenciou no que concerne ao olhar lançado sobre a violência física e psicológica, bem como na relevância dada às equipes de saúde para identificação de ocorrências e prevenção de possíveis danos. Conclusão: Os diversos tipos de violência contra a pessoa idosa foram reconhecidos, incluindo fatores individuais, comunitários e sociais no ciclo violento. Além disso, associaram o envelhecimento a maior suscetibilidade para sofrer violência, independente da tipologia. Destaca-se a potencialidade do serviço de saúde na assistência à pessoa idosa vítima de violência, elucidando casos e atuando precocemente para interrupção dos ciclos perpetrados, exigindo a necessidade constante de atualização profissional para lidar com situações detectadas.


Resumen Introducción: La violencia contra las personas adultas mayores es un fenómeno creciente, que causa daños a la salud, con diferentes desenlaces y consecuencias para las víctimas. La posibilidad de que las mujeres adultas mayores la sufran en el ámbito familiar supera la de los hombres, siendo el género un factor de riesgo considerable. Objetivo: Analizar la comprensión de la violencia contra las personas mayores según las mujeres adultas mayores. Metodología: Investigación descriptiva con enfoque cualitativo desarrollada con 22 mujeres adultas mayores de una comunidad en el estado de Paraíba, Brasil, elegidas por conveniencia. Para la recolección de datos, se utilizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas, procesadas por el software Iramuteq, con posterior análisis de contenido. Resultados: Se evidenciaron cinco tipos de violencia: ciclo de la violencia, red de apoyo población adulta mayor víctima de violencia, experimentar situaciones violentas, violencia financiera y simbología de la violencia en la sociedad, que denotan la comprensión de la violencia de diferentes tipos. Estas ideas están respaldadas en los factores de la experiencia familiar, la cultura y otros, donde la persona profesional de la salud se identifica como fundamental para el cuidado y apoyo. El género influyó en la mirada lanzada sobre la violencia física y psicológica, así como en la relevancia dada a los equipos de salud para la identificación de sucesos y la prevención de posibles daños. Conclusión: Se han reconocido los diversos tipos de violencia contra las personas mayores, incluidos los factores individuales, comunitarios y sociales en el ciclo de violencia. Además, asociaron el envejecimiento con una mayor susceptibilidad a sufrir violencia, independientemente de la tipología. Destaca la potencialidad del servicio de salud en la asistencia a la persona mayor víctima de violencia, mediante la identificación de casos y la actuación temprana para la interrupción de los ciclos perpetrados. De manera que, se evidencia la necesidad constante de actualización profesional para hacer frente a situaciones detectadas.


Abstract Introduction: Violence against the elderly is a growing phenomenon, causing damage to health, with different outcomes and consequences to the victims. The possibility of elderly women suffering it in the family context surpasses that of men, with gender being a considerable risk factor. Objective: To analyze the understanding of violence against the elderly according to elderly women. Method: Descriptive research with a qualitative approach developed with 22 elderly women from a community in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, chosen for convenience. The data collection was based on semi-structured interviews, processed by the Iramuteq software, with subsequent Content Analysis. Results: Five classes of violence against the elderly were evidenced: cycle of violence; support network for the elderly victims of violence; experience of violent situations; financial violence; and symbolism of violence in society, which denote an understanding of violence involving the different types. They are based on the factors of family experience, culture, and others, placing the health professional as a fundamental element for care and support. Gender influenced the perspective on physical and psychological violence, as well as the relevance given to health teams for the identification of occurrences and the prevention of possible damage. Conclusion: The various types of violence against the elderly have been recognized, including individual, community, and social factors in the violent cycle. In addition, they associated aging with greater susceptibility to suffering violence, regardless of the typology. It highlights the potential of the health service in assisting the elderly victim of violence, elucidating cases, and acting early to interrupt the cycles perpetrated, requiring the constant need for professional updating to deal with detected situations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Delivery of Health Care , Elder Abuse/statistics & numerical data , Brazil
4.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 128-133, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-231891

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes y objetivo: Las escalas de valoración de fragilidad no han sido estandarizadas para la evaluación prequirúrgica de pacientes sometidos a un reemplazo total de rodilla (RTR). El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la eficacia de la escala de valoración de la Sociedad Americana de Anestesiología (ASA), el índice de comorbilidad de Charlson (ICC) y la escala simple de fragilidad (SSF) en la predicción de complicaciones, estancia hospitalaria, reingresos y mortalidad después del RTR electivo. Materiales y métodos: Estudiamos retrospectivamente a 448 pacientes que se sometieron a un RTR por artrosis en nuestra institución entre 2016 y 2019. Estos se dividieron en 2 grupos: grupo A (263 pacientes <80 años) y grupo B (185 pacientes >80 años). Todos fueron clasificados por escalas ASA, ICC y SSF. Resultados: El ICC fue mayor en el grupo B (mediana: 5 [RI: 4-6] vs. 4 [RI: 3-5]; p<0,001); sin embargo, no se asoció con un mayor número de complicaciones. Al realizar un análisis de regresión logística encontramos, para las complicaciones: OR SSF=0,67; ICC=1,11; ASA 3 y 4=0,89 y edad=1,04; mientras que para los reingresos: OR SSF=2,09; ICC=1,01; ASA 3 y 4=0,79 y edad=1. Conclusiones: Las escalas ICC y SSF demostraron no presentar diferencias a la escala ASA en la predicción de reingresos, complicaciones y estancia hospitalaria. Sin embargo, el SSF parece tener una mejor correlación en la predicción de la readmisión no planificada.(AU)


Background and objective: Frailty scores have not been standardized for the preoperative assessment of patients undergoing total knee replacement (TKR). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) score, the Charlson comorbidity index (ICC) and the simple frailty score (SSF) in predicting complications, hospital stay, readmissions and mortality after elective TKR. Materials and methods: We retrospectively studied 448 patients who underwent TKR for osteoarthritis at our institution between 2016 and 2019. They were divided into two groups: Group A (263 patients, <80 years) and Group B (185 patients, >80 years).). All were classified by ASA, ICC and SSF scores. Results: The ICC was higher in Group B (median 5 [RI: 4-6] vs. 4 [RI: 3-5]; P<.001); however, it was not associated with a higher number of complications. When performing a logistic regression analysis we found, for complications: OR SSF=0.67, ICC=1.11; ASA 3 & 4=0.89 and age=1.04; while for readmissions: OR SSF=2.09; ICC=1.01; ASA 3 & 4=0.79 and age=1. Conclusions: The ICC and SSF scales showed no differences to the ASA scale in the prediction of readmissions, complications and hospital stay. However, the SSF seems to have a better correlation in predicting unplanned readmission.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Knee Prosthesis , Knee/surgery , Hip Fractures , Length of Stay , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
5.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T128-T133, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Article in English | IBECS | ID: ibc-231892

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes y objetivo: Las escalas de valoración de fragilidad no han sido estandarizadas para la evaluación prequirúrgica de pacientes sometidos a un reemplazo total de rodilla (RTR). El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la eficacia de la escala de valoración de la Sociedad Americana de Anestesiología (ASA), el índice de comorbilidad de Charlson (ICC) y la escala simple de fragilidad (SSF) en la predicción de complicaciones, estancia hospitalaria, reingresos y mortalidad después del RTR electivo. Materiales y métodos: Estudiamos retrospectivamente a 448 pacientes que se sometieron a un RTR por artrosis en nuestra institución entre 2016 y 2019. Estos se dividieron en 2 grupos: grupo A (263 pacientes <80 años) y grupo B (185 pacientes >80 años). Todos fueron clasificados por escalas ASA, ICC y SSF. Resultados: El ICC fue mayor en el grupo B (mediana: 5 [RI: 4-6] vs. 4 [RI: 3-5]; p<0,001); sin embargo, no se asoció con un mayor número de complicaciones. Al realizar un análisis de regresión logística encontramos, para las complicaciones: OR SSF=0,67; ICC=1,11; ASA 3 y 4=0,89 y edad=1,04; mientras que para los reingresos: OR SSF=2,09; ICC=1,01; ASA 3 y 4=0,79 y edad=1. Conclusiones: Las escalas ICC y SSF demostraron no presentar diferencias a la escala ASA en la predicción de reingresos, complicaciones y estancia hospitalaria. Sin embargo, el SSF parece tener una mejor correlación en la predicción de la readmisión no planificada.(AU)


Background and objective: Frailty scores have not been standardized for the preoperative assessment of patients undergoing total knee replacement (TKR). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) score, the Charlson comorbidity index (ICC) and the simple frailty score (SSF) in predicting complications, hospital stay, readmissions and mortality after elective TKR. Materials and methods: We retrospectively studied 448 patients who underwent TKR for osteoarthritis at our institution between 2016 and 2019. They were divided into two groups: Group A (263 patients, <80 years) and Group B (185 patients, >80 years).). All were classified by ASA, ICC and SSF scores. Results: The ICC was higher in Group B (median 5 [RI: 4-6] vs. 4 [RI: 3-5]; P<.001); however, it was not associated with a higher number of complications. When performing a logistic regression analysis we found, for complications: OR SSF=0.67, ICC=1.11; ASA 3 & 4=0.89 and age=1.04; while for readmissions: OR SSF=2.09; ICC=1.01; ASA 3 & 4=0.79 and age=1. Conclusions: The ICC and SSF scales showed no differences to the ASA scale in the prediction of readmissions, complications and hospital stay. However, the SSF seems to have a better correlation in predicting unplanned readmission.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Knee Prosthesis , Knee/surgery , Hip Fractures , Length of Stay , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
6.
Actas urol. esp ; 48(3): 228-237, abr. 2024. tab
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-231928

ABSTRACT

Introducción Los tumores malignos del tracto urinario están asociados a gran morbimortalidad siendo su prevalencia variable a nivel global. Recientemente el estudio IDENTIFY ha publicado resultados sobre la prevalencia del cáncer del tracto urinario a nivel internacional. Este estudio evalúa la prevalencia de cáncer dentro de la cohorte española del estudio IDENTIFY para determinar si los resultados publicados son extrapolables a nuestra población. Material y métodos Se realizó un análisis de los datos de la cohorte de pacientes españoles del estudio IDENTIFY. Se trata de una cohorte prospectiva de pacientes derivados al hospital con sospecha de cáncer, predominantemente por hematuria. Los pacientes fueron reclutados entre diciembre de 2017 y diciembre de 2018. Resultados En total 706 pacientes procedente de 9 centros españoles fueron analizados. Doscientos setenta y siete pacientes (39,2%) fueron diagnosticados de cáncer, 259 (36,7%) de cáncer vejiga, 10 (1,4%) de tracto urinario superior, 9 (1,2%) renal y 5 (0,7%) de próstata. El aumento de la edad (OR: 1,05; IC 95%: 1,03-1,06; p<0,001), presencia de hematuria visible (OR: 2,19; IC 95%: 1,13-4,24; p=0,02) y el hábito tabáquico (exfumadores: OR: 2,11; IC 95%: 1,30-3,40; p=0,002; fumadores: OR: 2,36; IC 95%: 1,40-3,95; p=0,001) se asocia con mayor probabilidad de cáncer vesical. Conclusión Este estudio resalta el riesgo que existe en pacientes con HV y hábito tabáquico de presentar cáncer de vejiga. El cáncer de vejiga presentó la mayor prevalencia, siendo esta mayor que la expuesta en series previas y la presentada en el estudio IDENTIFY. Trabajos futuros deben evaluar otros factores asociados que permitan crear modelos de predicción de cáncer para seguir aumentando la detección de estos en nuestros pacientes. (AU)


Introduction Malignant tumors of the urinary tract are associated with high morbidity and mortality, and their prevalence can vary worldwide. Recently, the IDENTIFY study has published results on the prevalence of urinary tract cancer at a global level. This study evaluates the prevalence of cancer within the Spanish cohort of the IDENTIFY study to determine whether the published results can be extrapolated to our population. Patients and methods An analysis of the data from the Spanish cohort of patients in the IDENTIFY study was performed. This is a prospective cohort of patients referred to secondary care with suspected cancer, predominantly due to hematuria. Patients were recruited between December 2017 and December 2018. Results A total of 706 patients from 9 Spanish centers were analyzed. Of these, 277 (39.2%) were diagnosed with cancer: 259 (36.7%) bladder cancer, 10 (1.4%) upper tract urothelial carcinoma, 9 (1.2%) renal cancer and 5 (0.7%) prostate cancer. Increasing age (OR: 1.05; 95% CI: 1.03-1.06; P<.001), visible hematuria (VH) OR: 2.19; 95% CI: 1.13-4.24; P=.02)and smoking (ex-smokers: OR: 2.11; 95% CI: 1.30-3.40; P=.002); (smokers: OR: 2.36; 95% CI: 1.40-3.95; P=.001) were associated with higher probability of bladder cancer. Conclusion This study highlights the risk of bladder cancer in patients with VH and smoking habits. Bladder cancer presented the highest prevalence; higher than the prevalence reported in previous series and presented in the IDENTIFY study. Future work should evaluate other associated factors that allow us to create cancer prediction models to improve the detection of cancer in our patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Kidney Neoplasms , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Spain , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies
7.
J. Am. Coll. Cardiol ; 83(13 Suppl. A)Apr. 2024. tab.
Article in English | CONASS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1551808

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Randomized studies support complete over culprit-only revascularization for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) However,whether these findings extend to elderly patients has not been thoroughly explored. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing clinical outcomes of elderly individuals (defined as age > 75 years) with ACS and multivessel coronary artery disease submitted to complete vs. culprit-only percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane were searched. We computed pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) to preserve time-to-event data RESULTS: We included 7 studies, of which 2 were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), comprising 7,409 patients, of whom 3225 (43.5%) underwent complete revascularization. As compared with culprit lesion only PCI, complete revascularization was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality (HR 0.76; 95% CI 0.68-0.85; p<0.001), cardiovascular mortality (HR 0.67; 95% CI 0.54-0.82; p<0.001), and recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) (HR 0.65; 95% CI 0.50-0.85; p=0.002). There was no significant difference between the groups regarding the risk of recurrent revascularizations (HR 0.79; 95% CI 0.54-1.16; p=0.23). CONCLUSION: Among elderly patients with ACS and multivessel CAD, complete revascularization is associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and recurrent MI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Myocardial Revascularization
8.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(4): 265, 2024 Apr 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565669

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Oral adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) is an effective treatment for hormone receptor positive breast cancer to decrease recurrence and mortality, but adherence is poor. This study explored post-menopausal women's experiences with AET, with a particular focus on adherence to AET as well as distress and symptoms experienced prior to and during AET treatment. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a hospital registry, stratified by adherence to/discontinuation of AET. Telephone interviews followed a semi-structured interview guide and were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Transcripts were systematically coded using team-based coding, with analysis of themes using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: Thirty-three participants were interviewed; ages ranged from 57 to 86 years. Participants included 10 discontinued patients and 23 patients who completed their AET course or were adherent to AET at the time of interviewing. Both adherent and discontinued patients reported symptoms throughout their AET treatment course, and both attributed symptoms to factors other than AET (e.g., older age and pre-existing comorbidities). However, discontinued patients were more likely to attribute symptoms to AET and to describe difficulty managing their symptoms, with some directly citing symptoms as the reason for discontinuing AET therapy. Conversely, adherent patients were more likely to describe the necessity of taking AET, despite symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: AET adherence was associated with beliefs about AET, symptom attribution, and symptom management. Routine symptom monitoring during AET and addressing both symptoms and patients' understanding of their symptoms may promote adherence to AET.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Postmenopause , Medication Adherence , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use
9.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1333081, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566790

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Many researchers have focused their studies on hypertension due to its over-representation among COVID-19 patients. Both retrospective and observational studies conducted close to the Wuhan area have reported that hypertension is the most common comorbidity observed in patients affected by COVID-19. Objective: Our objective is that patients with arterial hypertension have a worse prognosis in terms of evolution leading to higher costs. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 3,581 patients from La Paz University Hospital (LPUH) during the period between 15 July 2020 and 31 July 2020 were included in this study. Results: It should be noted that 40.71% of the patients were hypertensive. As expected, hypertension was associated with men, among whom we observed a higher prevalence and a higher age (median age of 77 years (IQI: 65-85) versus 52 years (IQI: 37-64), p-value < 0.001). Hypertensive patients had a higher prevalence of dyspnea (52.14% vs. 47.15%, p-value = 0.004) and altered awareness (14.89% vs. 4.30%, p-value <0.001). The non-parametric Kaplan-Meier curve estimates the survival of patients in the two study groups. We can see how patients with hypertension have a higher associated mortality, with the difference being statistically significant, p-value (log-rank) = 0.004. Only for the appearance of complications during hospitalization, the group of hypertensive patients reached the figure of €1,355,901.71 compared to the total of 421,403.48 € for normotensive patients. Conclusion: Our study shows the worse clinical evolution of patients with COVID-19 in terms of associated morbidity and mortality. It also shows that the cost of managing patients with hypertension is greater than that of managing normotensive patients.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hypertension , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Hypertension/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Female
10.
Tunis Med ; 102(2): 78-82, 2024 Feb 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567472

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The overcrowding of intensive care units during the corona virus pandemic increased the number of patients managed in the emergency department (ED). The detection timely of the predictive factors of mortality and bad outcomes improve the triage of those patients. AIM: To define the predictive factors of mortality at 30 days among patients admitted on ED for covid-19 pneumonia. METHODS: This was a prospective, monocentric, observational study for 6 months. Patients over the age of 16 years admitted on the ED for hypoxemic pneumonia due to confirmed SARS-COV 2 infection by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) were included. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to investigate the predictive factors of mortality at 30 days. RESULTS: 463 patients were included. Mean age was 65±14 years, Sex-ratio=1.1. Main comorbidities were hypertension (49%) and diabetes (38%). Mortality rate was 33%. Patients who died were older (70±13 vs. 61±14;p<0.001), and had more comorbidities: hypertension (57% vs. 43%, p=0.018), chronic heart failure (8% vs. 3%, p=0.017), and coronary artery disease (12% vs. 6%, p=0.030). By multivariable analysis, factors independently associated with 30-day mortality were age ≥65 years aOR: 6.9, 95%CI 1.09-44.01;p=0.04) SpO2<80% (aOR: 26.6, 95%CI 3.5-197.53;p=0.001) and percentage of lung changes on CT scan>70% (aOR: 5.6% 95%CI .01-31.29;p=0.04). CONCLUSION: Mortality rate was high among patients admitted in the ED for covid-19 pneumonia. The identification of predictive factors of mortality would allow better patient management.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hypertension , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Emergency Service, Hospital , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , RNA, Viral , SARS-CoV-2 , Male , Female , Adult , Aged, 80 and over
11.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 13(8): e033510, 2024 Apr 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567665

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) and secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) are associated with adverse outcomes after mitral transcatheter edge-to-edge repair. We aim to study the prognostic value of invasively measured right ventricular afterload in patients undergoing mitral transcatheter edge-to-edge repair. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified patients who underwent right heart catheterization ≤1 month before transcatheter edge-to-edge repair. The end points were all-cause mortality and a composite of mortality and heart failure hospitalization at 2 years. Using the receiver operating characteristic curve-derived threshold of 0.6 for pulmonary effective arterial elastance ([Ea], pulmonary artery systolic pressure/stroke volume), patients were stratified into 3 profiles based on PH severity (low elastance [HE]: Ea <0.6/mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP)) <35; High Elastance with No/Mild PH (HE-): Ea ≥0.6/mPAP <35; and HE with Moderate/Severe PH (HE+): Ea ≥0.6/mPAP ≥35) and MR pathogenesis (Primary MR [PMR])/low elastance, PMR/HE, and secondary MR). The association between this classification and clinical outcomes was examined using Cox regression. Among 114 patients included, 50.9% had PMR. Mean±SD age was 74.7±10.6 years. Patients with Ea ≥0.6 were more likely to have diabetes, atrial fibrillation, New York Heart Association III/IV status, and secondary MR (all P<0.05). Overall, 2-year cumulative survival was 71.1% and was lower in patients with secondary MR and mPAP ≥35. Compared with patients with low elastance, cumulative 2-year event-free survival was significantly lower in HE- and HE+ patients (85.5% versus 50.4% versus 41.0%, respectively, P=0.001). Also, cumulative 2-year event-free survival was significantly higher in patients with PMR/low elastance when compared with PMR/HE and patients with secondary mitral regurgitation (85.5% versus 55.5% versus 46.1%, respectively, P=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Assessment of the preprocedural cardiopulmonary profile based on mPAP, MR pathogenesis, and Ea guides patient selection by identifying hemodynamic features that indicate likely benefit from mitral-transcatheter edge-to-edge repair in PH or lack thereof.


Subject(s)
Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prognosis , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Hemodynamics , Cardiac Catheterization/adverse effects , Pulmonary Artery , Treatment Outcome , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects
12.
Tech Coloproctol ; 28(1): 45, 2024 Apr 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568325

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence (FI) is common, with a significant impact on quality of life. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is a therapy for FI; however, its role has recently been questioned. Here we report the short-term clinical and manometric outcomes in a large tertiary centre. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospective PTNS database was performed, extracting patient-reported FI outcome measures including bowel diary, the St Marks's Incontinence Score (SMIS) and Manchester Health Questionnaire (MHQ). Successful treatment was > 50% improvement in symptoms, whilst a partial response was 25-50% improvement. High-resolution anorectal manometry (HRAM) results before and after PTNS were recorded. RESULTS: Data were available from 135 patients [119 (88%) females; median age: 60 years (range: 27-82years)]. Overall, patients reported a reduction in urge FI (2.5-1) and passive FI episodes (2-1.5; p < 0.05) alongside a reduction in SMIS (16.5-14) and MHQ (517.5-460.0; p < 0.001). Some 76 (56%) patients reported success, whilst a further 20 (15%) reported a partial response. There were statistically significant reductions in rectal balloon thresholds and an increase in incremental squeeze pressure; however, these changes were independent of treatment success. CONCLUSION: Patients report PTNS improves FI symptoms in the short term. Despite this improvement, changes in HRAM parameters were independent of this success. HRAM may be unable to measure the clinical effect of PTNS, or there remains the possibility of a placebo effect. Further work is required to define the role of PTNS in the treatment of FI.


Subject(s)
Fecal Incontinence , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fecal Incontinence/therapy , Manometry , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Tibial Nerve , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over
13.
JMIR Hum Factors ; 11: e56206, 2024 Apr 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568726

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sexual health is an important component of quality of life in older adults. However, older adults often face barriers to attaining a fulfilling sexual life because of issues such as stigma, lack of information, or difficult access to adequate support. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the user experience of a self-guided, smartphone-delivered program to promote sexual health among older adults. METHODS: The mobile app was made available to community-dwelling older adults in the Netherlands, who freely used the app for 8 weeks. User experience and its respective components were assessed using self-developed questionnaires, the System Usability Scale, and semistructured interviews. Quantitative and qualitative data were descriptively and thematically analyzed, respectively. RESULTS: In total, 15 participants (mean age 71.7, SD 9.5 years) completed the trial. Participants showed a neutral to positive stance regarding the mobile app's usefulness and ease of use. Usability was assessed as "Ok/Fair." The participants felt confident about using the mobile app. To increase user experience, participants offered suggestions to improve content and interaction, including access to specialized sexual health services. CONCLUSIONS: The sexual health promotion program delivered through a smartphone in a self-guided mode was usable. Participants' perception is that improvements to user experience, namely in content and interaction, as well as connection to external services, will likely improve usefulness and acceptance.


Subject(s)
Sexual Health , Smartphone , Aged , Humans , Health Promotion , Netherlands , Pilot Projects , Quality of Life , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over
14.
Clin Imaging ; 109: 110139, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574606

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To explore the frequency of superior scapular elastofibroma dorsi in a large patient series with elastofibroma dorsi. METHODS: 136 chest CTs from January 2016 to July 2022 reporting elastofibroma dorsi were retrospectively analyzed. Three radiologists assessed the number, size, and location of elastofibroma dorsi. Continuous variables underwent two-tailed t-tests with p < 0.05. Inter-observer agreement was assessed by using Cohen's Kappa values. RESULTS: In 136 patients (mean age, 75.9 +/- 9.8 years; 117 female), 330 elastofibroma dorsi were found. Six (4.4 %) patients had single, 87 (64 %) double, 22 (16.2 %) triple and 21 (15.4 %) quadruple lesions. All single and double lesions were in the inferior scapular regions. 43 (31.6 %) patients had superior scapular lesions in addition to inferior scapular elastofibroma dorsi. Inferior scapular elastofibroma dorsi was significantly larger than superior scapular elastofibroma dorsi. The probability of a right superior lesion was significantly higher in patients with a larger right inferior lesion. Inter-observer agreement was very good for experienced radiologist (κ = 94.1) and good for other radiologists (κ = 79.4 and κ = 78). CONCLUSION: In contrast to current belief, superior scapular elastofibroma dorsi accompanying the typical inferior scapular lesions is not uncommon and can even manifest bilaterally. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case series reporting prevalence of quadruple elastofibroma dorsi.


Subject(s)
Fibroma , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Retrospective Studies , Fibroma/diagnostic imaging , Fibroma/pathology , Scapula/diagnostic imaging , Scapula/pathology , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology , Thorax/pathology
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 211, 2024 Apr 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616249

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become widely used in recent years, However, there is also an increasing need for removal of TAVR valves due to prosthetic valve dysfunction (PVD) and the development of infective endocarditis. Surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) for these patients is risky due to the original patient background and anatomic conditions. Intuity rapid deployment aortic valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) replacement would be useful for such high risk patients to prevent longer cardiac arrest time and obtain good hemodynamic results. However, there are few reports which present Intuity valve replacement after TAVR explantation. Herein, We report two cases in which we have achieved good hemodynamics with shorter cardiac arrest times by using a rapid deployment valve after TAVR explantation. CASE PRESENTATION: We present 2 cases of successful implantation of the Intuity rapid deployment valve after TAVR explantation. The 84- and 88-year-old female patients had previously received TAVR for severe aortic stenosis with SAPIEN XT (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) and developed PVD during follow-up. The TAVR valve was removed carefully, then an Intuity valve was implanted with cardiac arrest times of 69 and 41 min. Both patients had good echocardiographic results with effective orifice area of 2.0 cm2 and 1.2 cm2 and mean trans-aortic plessure gradient of 9 mmHg and 15 mmHg respectively without aortic regurgitation. They were discharged without major complications. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical AVR using a rapid deployment valve is a useful alternative to sutured AVR after TAVR valve explantation. It allows for shorter cardiac arrest times and better postoperative hemodynamics without major complication.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve Insufficiency , Heart Arrest , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Female , Humans , Aged, 80 and over , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Aortic Valve/surgery , Device Removal
16.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 165, 2024 Apr 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616259

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To assess the prevalence of low corneal endothelial cell density and correlates of corneal endothelial cell density among adults attending Mbarara University and Referral Hospital Eye Centre in Uganda. METHODS: In this hospital-based cross-sectional study, participants 18 years and older, were enrolled. We obtained informed consent, and basic demographic data. We also conducted visual acuity, a detailed slit lamp examination, intra-ocular pressure, corneal diameter, tear-film break-up time, keratometry, A-scan, and pachymetry on all participants. A confocal microscope Heidelberg HRT3 was used to examine the central cornea and to obtain the mean cell density (cells/mm2). To calculate the proportion of low endothelial cell density, descriptive statistics were used, whereas correlates of endothelial cell density were assessed, using linear regression analyses. RESULTS: We evaluated a total of 798 eyes of 404 participants aged between 18 and 90 years (males = 187, females = 217). The average endothelial cell density was 2763.6 cells/mm2, and there was a decrease in endothelial cell density with increasing age, irrespective of gender. There was no significant difference in endothelial cell density between males and females. Increasing age (adjusted coefficient - 10.1, p < 0.001), history of smoking (adjusted coefficient - 439.6, p = 0.004), history of ocular surgery (adjusted coefficient - 168.0, p = 0.023), having dry eye (adjusted coefficient - 136.0, p = 0.051), and having arcus senilis (adjusted coefficient - 132.0, p = 0.08), were correlated with lower endothelial cell density. However, increasing corneal diameter (adjusted coefficient 134.0, p = 0.006), increasing central corneal thickness (adjusted coefficient 1.2, p = 0.058), and increasing axial length (adjusted coefficient 65.8, p = 0.026), were correlated with higher endothelial cell density. We found five eyes (0.63%) from different participants with a low endothelial cell density (< 1000cells/mm2). CONCLUSION: Our study established baseline normal ranges of ECD in a predominantly black African population, and found that low ECD is rare in our population. The elderly, smokers, and those with past ocular surgery are the most vulnerable. The low prevalence could be due to a lack of reference values for the black African population.


Subject(s)
Cornea , Hospitals , Adult , Aged , Female , Male , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Uganda/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endothelial Cells
17.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 89(2): 299-312, 2024 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622097

ABSTRACT

A decrease in muscle mass and its functionality (strength, endurance, and insulin sensitivity) is one of the integral signs of aging. One of the triggers of aging is an increase in the production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species. Our study was the first to examine age-dependent changes in the production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species related to a decrease in the proportion of mitochondria-associated hexokinase-2 in human skeletal muscle. For this purpose, a biopsy was taken from m. vastus lateralis in 10 young healthy volunteers and 70 patients (26-85 years old) with long-term primary arthrosis of the knee/hip joint. It turned out that aging (comparing different groups of patients), in contrast to inactivity/chronic inflammation (comparing young healthy people and young patients), causes a pronounced increase in peroxide production by isolated mitochondria. This correlated with the age-dependent distribution of hexokinase-2 between mitochondrial and cytosolic fractions, a decrease in the rate of coupled respiration of isolated mitochondria and respiration when stimulated with glucose (a hexokinase substrate). It is discussed that these changes may be caused by an age-dependent decrease in the content of cardiolipin, a potential regulator of the mitochondrial microcompartment containing hexokinase. The results obtained contribute to a deeper understanding of age-related pathogenetic processes in skeletal muscles and open prospects for the search for pharmacological/physiological approaches to the correction of these pathologies.


Subject(s)
Hexokinase , Mitochondria , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Hexokinase/metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Aging/physiology , Mitochondria, Muscle/metabolism
18.
Int J Older People Nurs ; 19(3): e12609, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622947

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) offers a standardized international terminology to operationalize function management across multiple domains, but the summary score of the ICF qualifier scale provides limited information on the comparison of personal abilities and functioning difficulties. OBJECTIVES: To enhance the interpretative power of the ICF-based Health-oriented Personal Evaluation for the community-dwelling older person (iHOPE-OP) scale through the implementation of the item response theory (IRT) modelling. METHODS: This cross-sectional, multi-centre study administrated 161 ICF categories (58 on body functions, 15 on body structures, 60 on activities or participation and 28 on environmental factors) to evaluate the functional level of 338 older citizens (female = 158, male = 180) residing in community or supportive living facilities. The validation process encompassed assessing the IRT model fitness and evaluating the psychometric properties of the IRT-derived iHOPE-OP scale. RESULTS: The age of participants ranged from 60 to 94.57, with the mean age of 70. The analysis of non-parametric and parametric models revealed that the three-parameter logistic IRT model, with a dichotomous scoring principle, exhibited the best fit. The 53-item iHOPE-OP scale demonstrated high reliability (Cronbach's α = 0.9729, Guttman's lambda-2 = 0.9749, Molenaar-Sijtsma Statistic = 0.9803, latent class reliability coefficient = 0.9882). There was a good validity between person abilities and the Barthel Index (p < .001, r = .83), as well as instrumental activities of daily living (p < .001, r = .84). CONCLUSIONS: IRT methods generate the reliable and valid iHOPE-OP scale with the most discriminable and minimal items to represent the older person's functional performance at a comprehensive level. The use of the Wright map can aid in presby-functioning management by visualizing item difficulties and person abilities. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Considering the intricate and heterogeneous health status of older persons, a single functional assessment tool might not fulfil the need to fully understand the multifaceted health status. For use in conjunction with the IRT and ICF framework, the reliable and valid iHOPE-OP scale was developed and can be applied to capture presby-functioning. The Wright map depicts the distribution of item difficulties and person abilities on the same scale that facilitates person-centred goal setting and tailors intervention.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Independent Living , Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Disability Evaluation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results
19.
Clin Lab ; 70(4)2024 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623672

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vitamin K deficiency can lead to severe coagulation dysfunction, which may be dangerous and fatal, especially in patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: We report an 84-year-old male patient with gallstones and cholecystitis who had a severe coagulation disorder without bleeding symptoms after endoscopic papillary balloon dilation for removal of bile duct stones. After vitamin K supplementation, the coagulation dysfunction was corrected the next day. RESULTS: In this case, long-term antibiotic treatment, inadequate diet, and abnormal liver function led to coagulation dysfunction. After vitamin K supplementation, the blood coagulation disorder was corrected and serious consequences were prevented. Significantly elevated coagulation function was considered to be caused by vitamin K deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: This case indicates that coagulation dysfunction caused by vitamin K deficiency may occur within a few days. Laboratory personnel should fully understand the risks of vitamin K deficiency in elderly patients undergoing surgery with severely restricted diet, impaired absorption, and long-term use of cephalosporin anti-inflammatory therapy, and promptly remind clinical doctors.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation Disorders , Gallstones , Vitamin K Deficiency , Male , Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vitamin K Deficiency/complications , Vitamin K/therapeutic use , Gallstones/complications , Gallstones/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
20.
Clin Lab ; 70(4)2024 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623682

ABSTRACT

Spurious hyperphosphatemia, a rare occurrence, typically arises from substances in a patient's blood interfering with the colorimetric method for serum phosphate measurement. We present a case of factitious hyperphosphatemia caused by alteplase-contaminated blood samples in an 88-year-old CKD patient on hemodialysis, leading to misleadingly high phosphorus levels. Thorough investigations ruled out other etiologies, highlighting the necessity of stringent adherence to blood collection protocols to prevent sample contamination and avert erroneous laboratory results. This unique cause of hyperphosphatemia should be considered in the differential diagnosis when encountering unexplained elevations in phosphorus levels, particularly in the context of normal blood calcium levels.


Subject(s)
Hyperphosphatemia , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Humans , Aged, 80 and over , Hyperphosphatemia/chemically induced , Hyperphosphatemia/diagnosis , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/adverse effects , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Renal Dialysis/methods , Phosphorus , Phosphates
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