Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 193.217
Filter
1.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 41(2): 87-94, abr.-jun2024. tab
Article in English | IBECS | ID: ibc-232394

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Empagliflozin plays a beneficial role in individuals with type 2 diabetes at high risk of cardiovascular complications. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of individuals with type 2 diabetes who required empagliflozin based on clinical guidelines between the years 2022 and 2023. Material and methods: This study was a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study conducted on a target population of patients with type 2 diabetes. Patient data, including demographic characteristics, smoking status, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, renal insufficiency, retinopathy, and proteinuria, were collected. The indication for prescribing empagliflozin was determined based on the risk of cardiovascular complications. Results: A total of 398 individuals with type 2 diabetes with a mean age of 58.4 years were examined. Overall, 87.4% of the patients had an indication for empagliflozin prescription. The indication for empagliflozin prescription was significantly higher in men, individuals with hyperlipidemia, those over 55 years of age, obese individuals, and smokers. The mean age, body mass index, and triglyceride levels were higher in candidates for empagliflozin prescription. Male candidates for empagliflozin had significantly higher rates of smoking and systolic blood pressure compared to females. Conclusions: The findings of this study demonstrated that a significant percentage of individuals with type 2 diabetes had an indication for empagliflozin prescription based on clinical and laboratory criteria. (AU)


Introducción: La empagliflozina tiene un papel beneficioso en las personas con diabetes tipo 2 con alto riesgo de complicaciones cardiovasculares. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la prevalencia de pacientes con este padecimiento que requerían empagliflozina según las guías clínicas entre los años 2022 y 2023. Material y métodos: Se trata de un estudio transversal descriptivo-analítico realizado en una población objetivo de personas con diabetes tipo 2. Se recogieron los datos de los pacientes, incluyendo las características demográficas, el hábito tabáquico, la hipertensión, la hiperlipidemia, la insuficiencia renal, la retinopatía y la proteinuria. La indicación para prescribir empagliflozina se determinó en función del riesgo de complicaciones cardiovasculares. Resultados: Se examinaron un total de 398 individuos con diabetes tipo 2 con una edad media de 58,4 años. En general, 87,4% de estos tenía una indicación para la prescripción de empagliflozina, la cual fue significativamente mayor en los hombres, aquellos con hiperlipidemia, obesidad, los mayores de 55 años y los fumadores. La edad media, el índice de masa corporal y los niveles de triglicéridos fueron mayores en los candidatos a la prescripción de este medicamento. Los candidatos masculinos a este fármaco tenían tasas significativamente más altas de tabaquismo y presión arterial sistólica, en comparación con las mujeres. Conclusiones: Los resultados de este estudio demostraron que un porcentaje significativo de personas con diabetes tipo 2 tenía una indicación para la prescripción de empagliflozina según los criterios clínicos y de laboratorio. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Cardiovascular Diseases , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors , Tobacco Smoking , Hypertension , Hyperlipidemias , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 41(2): 104-117, abr.-jun2024. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-232396

ABSTRACT

La hipertensión arterial (HTA) se ha convertido en un factor de riesgo central para el desarrollo de enfermedades cardiovasculares (CV), lo que subraya la importancia de su diagnóstico preciso. Numerosos estudios han establecido una estrecha relación entre los valores elevados de la presión arterial sistólica (PAS) y diastólica (PAD) y un incremento en el riesgo de padecer algún evento cardiovascular (ECV). Tradicionalmente, las mediciones de la presión arterial (PA) realizadas en entornos clínicos han sido el principal método para diagnosticar y evaluar la HTA. No obstante, en los últimos años, se ha reconocido que las mediciones de la PA obtenidas fuera del ambiente clínico, mediante la automedida de la presión arterial (AMPA) y la monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial (MAPA), ofrecen una perspectiva más realista de la vida cotidiana de los pacientes y, por lo tanto, brindan resultados más fiables. Dada la evolución de los dispositivos médicos, los criterios diagnósticos y la creciente relevancia de componentes de la MAPA en la predicción de ECV, se requiere una actualización integral que sea práctica para la clínica. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo proporcionar una actualización de la MAPA, enfocándose en su importancia en la evaluación de la HTA. Además, se analizarán los umbrales diagnósticos, los distintos fenotipos según el ciclo circadiano y las recomendaciones en diferentes poblaciones, asimismo, se ofrecerán sugerencias concretas para la implementación efectiva de la MAPA en la práctica clínica, lo que permitirá a los profesionales de la salud tomar decisiones fundamentadas y mejorar la atención de sus pacientes.(AU)


Hypertension has become a central risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease, underscoring the importance of its accurate diagnosis. Numerous studies have established a close relationship between elevated systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure and an increased risk of cardiovascular event (CVE). Traditionally, blood pressure (BP) measurements performed in clinical settings have been the main method for diagnosing and assessing hypertension. However, in recent years, it has been recognized that BP measurements obtained outside the clinical setting, using self-monitoring blood pressure (SMBP) and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), offer a more realistic perspective of patients’ daily lives and therefore provide more reliable results. Given the evolution of medical devices, diagnostic criteria, and the increasing relevance of certain components of ABPM in the prediction of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, a comprehensive update that is practical for daily clinical practice is required. The main objective of this article is to provide an updated review of ABPM, focusing on its importance in the evaluation of hypertension and its impact on public health in Colombia. In addition, it will discuss the implications of changes in diagnostic thresholds and provide concrete recommendations for the effective implementation of ABPM in clinical practice, allowing health professionals to make informed decisions and improve the care of their patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arterial Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Risk Factors , Blood Pressure
3.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 41(2): 135-138, abr.-jun2024. ilus
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-232399

ABSTRACT

Presentamos el caso de un paciente con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial vasculorrenal tratada un año antes, que acude a urgencias por emergencia hipertensiva (HTA) y disnea. Descartada primera sospecha de reestenosis de arteria renal con angiografía por tomografía computarizada (angioTC), se completa el estudio confirmándose diagnóstico de cáncer de pulmón mediante prueba de imagen y anatomía patológica. En el estudio de hipertensión se detecta elevación de hormona adrenocorticótropa (ACTH), hipercortisolismo y datos analíticos de hiperaldosteronismo. Con el diagnóstico final de síndrome de Cushing secundario a producción ectópica de ACTH se inicia tratamiento médico, sin llegar a recibir nada más por fallecimiento del paciente a los pocos días.(AU)


We present the case of a patient with a history of renal-vascular hypertension treated with stent one year previously, who attended the emergency room due to hypertensive emergency and dyspnea. Once the first suspicion of renal artery restenosis was ruled out with CT angiography, the study was completed, confirming the diagnosis of lung cancer through imaging and pathological anatomy. In the hormonal study, elevation of ACTH, hypercortisolism and analytical data of hyperaldosteronism were detected. With the final diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome secondary to ectopic production of ACTH, medical treatment was started, without being able to receive anything else due to the death of the patient after a few days.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cushing Syndrome , Hypertension , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Lung Neoplasms , Hyperaldosteronism , Alkalosis , Inpatients , Physical Examination , Cardiovascular Diseases , Nephrology
5.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(7): 232, 2024 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849665

ABSTRACT

Air pollution is associated with elevated cardiovascular mortality and an increase in cardiovascular risk factors. However, the literature data on associations between air pollution and cardiovascular risk factors are contradictory. To explore the relationship between residential exposure to atmospheric pollutants and cardiovascular risk factors (lipid biomarker and blood pressure levels). We studied a sample of 2339 adult participants in the ELISABET study from the Dunkirk and Lille urban areas of France. The mean annual exposure to atmospheric pollutants (PM10, NO2 and SO2) at the home address was estimated via an air dispersion model. The associations were probed in multivariate linear regression models. The mean NO2 level was 26.05 µg/m3 in Lille and 19.96 µg/m3 in Dunkirk. The mean PM10 level was 27.02 µg/m3 in Lille and 26.53 µg/m3 in Dunkirk. We detected a significant association between exposure to air pollutants and the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (which is a protective factor against cardiovascular diseases) level: for a 2 µg/m3 increment in PM10, the HDL level decreased by 1.72% (p = 0.0037). None of the associations with other lipid variables or with blood pressure were significant. We didn't find evidence significant associations for most of the risk factors but, long-term exposure of adults to moderate levels of ambient air pollution was associated with a decrement in HDL.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , Air Pollution , Cardiovascular Diseases , Environmental Exposure , Particulate Matter , Humans , France/epidemiology , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Adult , Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Particulate Matter/analysis , Aged , Blood Pressure , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Risk Factors , Nitrogen Dioxide/analysis , Sulfur Dioxide/analysis
7.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 194, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844981

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that insulin resistance (IR) contributes to the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and the estimated glucose disposal rate (eGDR) is considered to be a reliable surrogate marker of IR. However, most existing evidence stems from studies involving diabetic patients, potentially overstating the effects of eGDR on CVD. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to examine the relationship of eGDR with incidence of CVD in non-diabetic participants. METHOD: The current analysis included individuals from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) who were free of CVD and diabetes mellitus but had complete data on eGDR at baseline. The formula for calculating eGDR was as follows: eGDR (mg/kg/min) = 21.158 - (0.09 × WC) - (3.407 × hypertension) - (0.551 × HbA1c) [WC (cm), hypertension (yes = 1/no = 0), and HbA1c (%)]. The individuals were categorized into four subgroups according to the quartiles (Q) of eGDR. Crude incidence rate and hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed to investigate the association between eGDR and incident CVD, with the lowest quartile of eGDR (indicating the highest grade of insulin resistance) serving as the reference. Additionally, the multivariate adjusted restricted cubic spine (RCS) was employed to examine the dose-response relationship. RESULTS: We included 5512 participants in this study, with a mean age of 58.2 ± 8.8 years, and 54.1% were female. Over a median follow-up duration of 79.4 months, 1213 incident CVD cases, including 927 heart disease and 391 stroke, were recorded. The RCS curves demonstrated a significant and linear relationship between eGDR and all outcomes (all P for non-linearity > 0.05). After multivariate adjustment, the lower eGDR levels were founded to be significantly associated with a higher risk of CVD. Compared with participants with Q1 of eGDR, the HRs (95% CIs) for those with Q2 - 4 were 0.88 (0.76 - 1.02), 0.69 (0.58 - 0.82), and 0.66 (0.56 - 0.79). When assessed as a continuous variable, per 1.0-SD increase in eGDR was associated a 17% (HR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.78 - 0.89) lower risk of CVD, with the subgroup analyses indicating that smoking status modified the association (P for interaction = 0.012). Moreover, the mediation analysis revealed that obesity partly mediated the association. Additionally, incorporating eGDR into the basic model considerably improve the predictive ability for CVD. CONCLUSION: A lower level of eGDR was found to be associated with increased risk of incident CVD among non-diabetic participants. This suggests that eGDR may serve as a promising and preferable predictor and intervention target for CVD.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Cardiovascular Diseases , Insulin Resistance , Humans , Female , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Prospective Studies , Incidence , Aged , China/epidemiology , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Biomarkers/blood , Longitudinal Studies , Time Factors
8.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 192, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844974

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is closely associated with the triglyceride glucose (TyG) index and its related indicators, particularly its combination with obesity indices. However, there is limited research on the relationship between changes in TyG-related indices and CVD, as most studies have focused on baseline TyG-related indices. METHODS: The data for this prospective cohort study were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. The exposures were changes in TyG-related indices and cumulative TyG-related indices from 2012 to 2015. The K-means algorithm was used to classify changes in each TyG-related index into four classes (Class 1 to Class 4). Multivariate logistic regressions were used to evaluate the associations between the changes in TyG-related indices and the incidence of CVD. RESULTS: In total, 3243 participants were included in this study, of whom 1761 (54.4%) were female, with a mean age of 57.62 years at baseline. Over a 5-year follow-up, 637 (19.6%) participants developed CVD. Fully adjusted logistic regression analyses revealed significant positive associations between changes in TyG-related indices, cumulative TyG-related indices and the incidence of CVD. Among these changes in TyG-related indices, changes in TyG-waist circumference (WC) showed the strongest association with incident CVD. Compared to the participants in Class 1 of changes in TyG-WC, the odds ratio (OR) for participants in Class 2 was 1.41 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-1.84), the OR for participants in Class 3 was 1.54 (95% CI 1.15-2.07), and the OR for participants in Class 4 was 1.94 (95% CI 1.34-2.80). Moreover, cumulative TyG-WC exhibited the strongest association with incident CVD among cumulative TyG-related indices. Compared to the participants in Quartile 1 of cumulative TyG-WC, the OR for participants in Quartile 2 was 1.33 (95% CI 1.00-1.76), the OR for participants in Quartile 3 was 1.46 (95% CI 1.09-1.96), and the OR for participants in Quartile 4 was 1.79 (95% CI 1.30-2.47). CONCLUSIONS: Changes in TyG-related indices are independently associated with the risk of CVD. Changes in TyG-WC are expected to become more effective indicators for identifying individuals at a heightened risk of CVD.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood Glucose , Cardiovascular Diseases , Obesity , Triglycerides , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Male , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Prospective Studies , Triglycerides/blood , Incidence , Risk Assessment , China/epidemiology , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Obesity/epidemiology , Obesity/diagnosis , Obesity/blood , Aged , Biomarkers/blood , Longitudinal Studies , Time Factors , Prognosis , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors
9.
Trials ; 25(1): 365, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845045

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension (aHT) is a major cause for premature morbidity and mortality. Control rates remain poor, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Task-shifting to lay village health workers (VHWs) and the use of digital clinical decision support systems may help to overcome the current aHT care cascade gaps. However, evidence on the effectiveness of comprehensive VHW-led aHT care models, in which VHWs provide antihypertensive drug treatment and manage cardiovascular risk factors is scarce. METHODS: Using the trials within the cohort (TwiCs) design, we are assessing the effectiveness of VHW-led aHT and cardiovascular risk management in two 1:1 cluster-randomized trials nested within the Community-Based chronic disease Care Lesotho (ComBaCaL) cohort study (NCT05596773). The ComBaCaL cohort study is maintained by trained VHWs and includes the consenting inhabitants of 103 randomly selected villages in rural Lesotho. After community-based aHT screening, adult, non-pregnant ComBaCaL cohort participants with uncontrolled aHT (blood pressure (BP) ≥ 140/90 mmHg) are enrolled in the aHT TwiC 1 and those with controlled aHT (BP < 140/90 mmHg) in the aHT TwiC 2. In intervention villages, VHWs offer lifestyle counseling, basic guideline-directed antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, and antiplatelet treatment supported by a tablet-based decision support application to eligible participants. In control villages, participants are referred to a health facility for therapeutic management. The primary endpoint for both TwiCs is the proportion of participants with controlled BP levels (< 140/90 mmHg) 12 months after enrolment. We hypothesize that the intervention is superior regarding BP control rates in participants with uncontrolled BP (aHT TwiC 1) and non-inferior in participants with controlled BP at baseline (aHT TwiC 2). DISCUSSION: The TwiCs were launched on September 08, 2023. On May 20, 2024, 697 and 750 participants were enrolled in TwiC 1 and TwiC 2. To our knowledge, these TwiCs are the first trials to assess task-shifting of aHT care to VHWs at the community level, including the prescription of basic antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, and antiplatelet medication in Africa. The ComBaCaL cohort and nested TwiCs are operating within the routine VHW program and countries with similar community health worker programs may benefit from the findings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT05684055. Registered on January 04, 2023.


Subject(s)
Antihypertensive Agents , Blood Pressure , Community Health Workers , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hypertension , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Humans , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/diagnosis , Lesotho , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Female , Male , Community Health Services , Treatment Outcome , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control
13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 83(23): 2276-2287, 2024 Jun 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839202

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The association between nonoptimal temperatures and cardiovascular mortality risk is recognized. However, a comprehensive global assessment of this burden is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess global cardiovascular mortality burden attributable to nonoptimal temperatures and investigate spatiotemporal trends. METHODS: Using daily cardiovascular deaths and temperature data from 32 countries, a 3-stage analytical approach was applied. First, location-specific temperature-mortality associations were estimated, considering nonlinearity and delayed effects. Second, a multivariate meta-regression model was developed between location-specific effect estimates and 5 meta-predictors. Third, cardiovascular deaths associated with nonoptimal, cold, and hot temperatures for each global grid (55 km × 55 km resolution) were estimated, and temporal trends from 2000 to 2019 were explored. RESULTS: Globally, 1,801,513 (95% empirical CI: 1,526,632-2,202,831) annual cardiovascular deaths were associated with nonoptimal temperatures, constituting 8.86% (95% empirical CI: 7.51%-12.32%) of total cardiovascular mortality corresponding to 26 deaths per 100,000 population. Cold-related deaths accounted for 8.20% (95% empirical CI: 6.74%-11.57%), whereas heat-related deaths accounted for 0.66% (95% empirical CI: 0.49%-0.98%). The mortality burden varied significantly across regions, with the highest excess mortality rates observed in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. From 2000 to 2019, cold-related excess death ratios decreased, while heat-related ratios increased, resulting in an overall decline in temperature-related deaths. Southeastern Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Oceania observed the greatest reduction, while Southern Asia experienced an increase. The Americas and several regions in Asia and Europe displayed fluctuating temporal patterns. CONCLUSIONS: Nonoptimal temperatures substantially contribute to cardiovascular mortality, with heterogeneous spatiotemporal patterns. Effective mitigation and adaptation strategies are crucial, especially given the increasing heat-related cardiovascular deaths amid climate change.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Global Health , Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cold Temperature/adverse effects
14.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 119(6): 1386-1396, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839194

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The independent effect of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and body fat percentage (BF%) on ischemic cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the independent associations of WHtR and BF% with ischemic CVD. METHODS: This prospective cohort study used data from the UK Biobank. BF% was calculated as fat mass divided by body weight, measured by bioimpedance. Cox models estimated hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for overall and sex-specific associations of BF% and WHtR with risks of ischemic CVD and its main subtypes [myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke (IS)], adjusted for a range of potential confounders, including mutual adjustment for BF% and WHtR. RESULTS: In total, 468,333 participants without existing CVD were included in the analysis. During 12 y of follow-up, 20,151 ischemic CVD events, 13,604 MIs, and 6681 ISs were recorded. WHtR was linearly associated with ischemic CVD, MI, and IS, with an HR per 5% increase of 1.23 (95% CI: 1.20, 1.25), 1.24 (95% CI: 1.21, 1.27), and 1.22 (95% CI: 1.18, 1.26), respectively, independent of BF%. A stronger association between WHtR and MI was seen in females than in males. The association of BF% with these outcomes was substantially attenuated in both sexes after adjustment for WHtR. For example, in females, the HR (highest compared with lowest fifth) was reduced from 1.94 (95% CI: 1.76, 2.15) to 1.04 (95% CI: 0.90, 1.01) for ischemic CVD, from 2.04 (95% CI: 1.79, 2.32) to 0.97 (95% CI: 0.81, 1.16) for MI, and from 1.81 (95% CI: 1.54, 2.13) to 1.07 (95% CI: 0.85, 1.33) for IS. CONCLUSIONS: WHtR, when used as a proxy measure for central obesity, is linearly associated with ischemic CVD in both sexes, which is independent of BF%. In contrast, the relationship of BF% with these health outcomes is predominantly driven by its correlation with WHtR.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Biological Specimen Banks , Waist-Height Ratio , Humans , Male , Female , Prospective Studies , United Kingdom/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Adult , Cohort Studies , UK Biobank
15.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 83(23): 2291-2307, 2024 Jun 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839204

ABSTRACT

Environmental stresses are increasingly recognized as significant risk factors for adverse health outcomes. In particular, various forms of pollution and climate change are playing a growing role in promoting noncommunicable diseases, especially cardiovascular disease. Given recent trends, global warming and air pollution are now associated with substantial cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. As a vicious cycle, global warming increases the occurrence, size, and severity of wildfires, which are significant sources of airborne particulate matter. Exposure to wildfire smoke is associated with cardiovascular disease, and these effects are underpinned by mechanisms that include oxidative stress, inflammation, impaired cardiac function, and proatherosclerotic effects in the circulation. In the first part of a 2-part series on pollution and cardiovascular disease, this review provides an overview of the impact of global warming and air pollution, and because of recent events and emerging trends specific attention is paid to air pollution caused by wildfires.


Subject(s)
Air Pollution , Global Warming , Wildfires , Humans , Air Pollution/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Particulate Matter/adverse effects , Smoke/adverse effects
17.
Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi ; 61(2): 155-162, 2024.
Article in Japanese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839314

ABSTRACT

AIM: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has caused significant disruptions in various aspects of daily life. The Japanese Government declared a state of emergency in April 2020, which resulted in reduced physical activity. This study investigated the impact of these lifestyle changes by generation among outpatients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: In autumn 2020, we conducted a questionnaire survey of 1,156 CVD outpatients who visited the Department of Cardiology at our institution. The survey collected data on physical activities and changes in daily behaviors over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants were classified into 3 age groups: middle-aged (n=114, ≤64 years old), semi-old (n=330, aged 65-74 years old), and old (n=712, ≥75 years old). The number of steps per day and sedentary time per day were compared between autumn 2019 and 2020, over the course of the pandemic. RESULTS: In autumn 2020, the number of steps per day was significantly decreased and sedentary time significantly increased in all age groups compared to the pre-pandemic levels. However, there were no significant differences in the extent of changes in steps per day or sedentary time over the study period across all age groups. Regarding changes in daily behaviors, only the old-age group reported a decline in volunteering and reduced utilization of daycare services. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in changes in daily activities and lifestyles across all age groups. Because lifestyle patterns differ across generations, it may be necessary to implement age-specific interventions and procedures.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cardiovascular Diseases , Life Style , Outpatients , Pandemics , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Female , Male , Surveys and Questionnaires , Aged, 80 and over , Exercise , Adult , Japan/epidemiology
18.
Open Heart ; 11(1)2024 Jun 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851247

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Increased mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic is not explained exclusively by COVID-19 infection and its complications. We analysed non-COVID-19 causes of mortality in a population analysis based on data from the Spanish National Institute of Statistics. METHODS: Using monthly mortality data in Spain (January 2010-December 2020), we analysed deaths associated with cancer, blood, endocrine, mental, nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory and digestive diseases and explored the COVID-19 impact using a difference-in-difference strategy. We calculated monthly interannual variations in mortality and computed percentage change in terms of the log of deaths in month h of year t minus the log of deaths in month h in the previous year t-1. RESULTS: In 2020 in Spain, mortality increased 17.9% compared with 2019. COVID-19 was the leading cause of death (n=60 358), followed by ischaemic heart disease (n=29 654). Throughout 2020, monthly interannual variations in cardiovascular mortality showed an average upward trend of 1.7%, while digestive, cancer and blood diseases showed a downward trend. CONCLUSIONS: During the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain in 2020, excess mortality was primarily related to cardiovascular mortality while mortality associated with digestive, cancer and blood diseases was reduced.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Cause of Death , Humans , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/epidemiology , Spain/epidemiology , Cause of Death/trends , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Aged , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Neoplasms/mortality , Time Factors , Adult
19.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1551, 2024 Jun 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38853236

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous researches examining the impact of dietary nutrition on mortality risk have mainly focused on individual nutrients, however the interaction of these nutrients has not been considered. The purpose of this study was to identify of nutrient deficiencies patterns and analyze their potential impact on mortality risk in older adults with hypertension. METHODS: We included participants from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) study. The latent class analysis (LCA) was applied to uncover specific malnutrition profiles within the sample. Risk of the end points across the phenogroups was compared using Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression model. Multinomial logistic regression was used to determine the influencing factors of specific malnutrition profiles. RESULTS: A total of 6924 participants aged 60 years or older with hypertension from NHANES 2003-2014 was followed until December 31, 2019 with a median follow-up of 8.7 years. Various nutrients included vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, fiber, folate, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, and selenium, and LCA revealed 4 classes of malnutrition. Regarding all-cause mortality, "Nutrient Deprived" group showed the strongest hazard ratio (1.42 from 1.19 to 1.70) compared with "Adequate Nutrient" group, followed by "Inadequate Nutrient" group (1.29 from 1.10 to 1.50), and "Low Fiber, Magnesium, and Vit E" group (1.17 from 1.02 to 1.35). For cardiovascular mortality, "Nutrient Deprived" group showed the strongest hazard ratio (1.61 from 1.19 to 2.16) compared with "Adequate Nutrient" group, followed by "Low Fiber, Magnesium, and Vit E" group (1.51 from 1.04 to 2.20), and "Inadequate Nutrient" group (1.37 from 1.03 to 1.83). CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed a significant association between nutrients deficiency patterns and the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in older adults with hypertension. The findings suggested that nutrients deficiency pattern may be an important risk factor for mortality in older adults with hypertension.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Hypertension , Latent Class Analysis , Nutrition Surveys , Humans , Female , Male , Aged , Hypertension/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Middle Aged , Malnutrition/mortality , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Cause of Death , Aged, 80 and over , Proportional Hazards Models
20.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 320, 2024 Jun 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858782

ABSTRACT

AIMS: To test the association of C-reactive protein (CRP) with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in people with gout. METHODS: This cohort study included 502 participants with gout from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Multivariate Cox regression analysis, subgroup analysis, and restricted cubic spline (RCS) analyses were utilized to examine the association of CRP levels with all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality. RESULTS: After adjusting for multiple variables, Cox regression analysis showed that compared with individuals in the lowest tertile of CRP levels, those in the middle and highest tertiles experienced increases in all-cause mortality risk of 74.2% and 149.7%, respectively. Similarly, the cancer mortality risk for individuals in the highest tertile of CRP levels increased by 283.9%. In addition, for each standard deviation increase in CRP, the risks of all-cause and cancer mortality increased by 25.9% and 35.4%, respectively (P < 0.05). Subgroup analyses demonstrated that the association between CRP levels and all-cause mortality remained significant across subgroups of age (≤ 60 and > 60 years), gender (male), presence or absence of hypertension, non-diabetes, cardiovascular disease, non-cardiovascular disease and non-cancer. Furthermore, the association with cancer mortality was significant in subgroups including males, those without hypertension and cancer, and those with or without diabetes. However, the association with cardiovascular mortality was only significant in the non-hypertension subgroup (P < 0.05). Nonlinear association of CRP with all-cause mortality and linear association with cancer mortality were also confirmed (P for nonlinearity = 0.008 and 0.135, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: CRP levels were associated with increased all-cause and cancer mortality among individuals with gout.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Gout , Neoplasms , Humans , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Male , Gout/mortality , Gout/blood , Female , Middle Aged , Neoplasms/mortality , Neoplasms/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Aged , Cause of Death , Risk Factors , Nutrition Surveys , Adult , Cohort Studies
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL
...