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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): 131-138, abril 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152134

ABSTRACT

A 11 años del primer brote de dengue en Buenos Aires, el 20 de marzo de 2020, mientras se iniciaba la cuarentena obligatoria por COVID-19, dengue pasó a ser la causa más común de consulta por fiebre. La nueva ola de casos de dengue ya se encontraba entre las predicciones de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud en función del aumento en la región de las Américas que se venía presentando desde el año anterior. La llegada del SARS-CoV-2 a principios de marzo, sumada al brote de dengue que ya estaba en curso, resultó en un nuevo desafío para el sistema de salud, mientras comenzaba un paradigma con planes de adaptación a la nueva infección pandémica en el país. La superposición de infecciones con potencial epidémico, como dengue, recuerda la importancia de no desatender otras enfermedades endémicas, emergentes y reemergentes a la sombra del nuevo fenómeno epidemiológico


Eleven years after the first dengue outbreak in Buenos Aires, on March 20, 2020, while the mandatory quarantine for COVID-19 began dengue became the most common cause of fever consultation. The new wave of dengue cases was already among the predictions of the Pan American Health Organization based on the increase in the region of the Americas that had been occurring since the previous year. The arrival of SARS-CoV-2 at the beginning of March, added to the dengue outbreak that was already underway, made a new challenge for the health system while a new paradigm was initiated with adaptation plans to the new pandemic infection in the country. The overlapping of infections with epidemic potential such as dengue recalls the importance of not neglecting other endemic, emerging and re-emerging diseases in the shadow of the new epidemiological phenomenon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dengue/epidemiology , Pediatrics , Arboviruses , Argentina/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Aedes , Coinfection
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(14): e25311, 2021 Apr 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832104

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The 2015 dengue outbreak in southern Taiwan turned into a public health emergency, resulting in a large-scale mobilization of personnel from the emergency department (ED) services operating in and near full capacity to assist with the outbreak. This study aimed to assess a rapid independent clinic-based service (RCS), which was set up and designed to relieve the overcrowding of the regular ambulatory and emergency services during an epidemic of dengue.This is a retrospective cross-sectional study.National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.Patients with positive test results were enrolled and reviewed to evaluate the efficacy of RCS implementation between August and October 2015. The case-treatment rates stratified by length of stay (LOS) were used to examine the performance of the RCS that was set up outside the ED and designed to relieve the overcrowding of the regular ambulatory and emergency services.Patients with dengue-like illnesses may arrive at the hospital and require optimal ED triage and management thereafter. Although the outbreak resulted in a shortage of spare space in the ED, a proper response from the hospital administration would ameliorate the work overload of the staff and would not decrease the quality of care for critical patients.An early and restrictive intensive intervention was beneficial to health care facilities during a dengue outbreak. Further planning and training of the RCS could be crucial for hospital preparedness for infectious disease outbreaks.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities/organization & administration , Dengue/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital/organization & administration , Blood Culture , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/drug therapy , Diagnostic Imaging , Disease Outbreaks , Hospital Bed Capacity , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Taiwan/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers , Time Factors , Triage/organization & administration
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(6)2021 Mar 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809042

ABSTRACT

Clinical presentations of dengue fever (DF) are diverse and non-specific, causing unpredictable progression and outcomes. Its progression and severity have been associated with cytokine levels alteration. In this study, dengue patients were classified into groups following the 2009 WHO dengue classification scheme to investigate the cytokine signature at different severity of the disease: dengue without warning sign symptoms (A); dengue with warning signs (B); severe dengue (C); other fever (OF) and healthy (Healthy). We analyzed 23 different cytokines simultaneously, namely IL-1b, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-17A, IL-33, CD14, CD54, CD62E, CD62L, CD62p, CD106, CD121b, CD154, CD178, GM-CSF, IFN-g, MIF, ST2 and TNF from patients admitted to National Cheng Kung University Hospital during the 2015 Taiwan dengue outbreak. Cytokines TNF, CD54, CD62E, CD62L, CD62P, GM-CSF, IL-1b, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-17A, INF-g and MIF were elevated while CD106, CD154, IL-4 and L-33 were decreased when compared to the control. IL-10 demonstrated to be a potential diagnostic marker for DF (H and A group; AUC = 0.944, H and OF group; AUC = 0.969). CD121b demonstrated to be predictive of the SD (A and B group; AUC = 0.744, B and C group; AUC = 0.775). Our results demonstrate the cytokine profile changes during the progression of dengue and highlight possible biomarkers for optimizing effective intervention strategies.


Subject(s)
Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Dengue/diagnosis , Interleukin-10/genetics , Receptors, Interleukin-1 Type II/genetics , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cytokines/classification , Cytokines/genetics , Dengue/genetics , Dengue/pathology , Dengue/virology , Dengue Virus/genetics , Dengue Virus/pathogenicity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Severity of Illness Index , Transcriptome/genetics , Young Adult
4.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 24: e210020, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe the entry of Dengue virus (DENV) serotypes in Brazil and its federative units. METHODS: A systematic review of studies published between 1980 and 2018 in databases and in the gray literature was performed using descriptors related to the years of entry of the DENV serotypes. Additionally, experts and official sources of information (Brazilian Ministry of Health) were consulted. RESULTS: From 100 publications selected for the systematic review, 26 addressed the entry of DENV serotypes in the North region of the country, 33 in the Northeast, 24 in the Southeast, 14 in the Central-West, and five in the South. DENV-1 and DENV-4 were introduced in the North region in 1981. DENV-2 was introduced in the Southeast in 1990. DENV-3 was introduced in the North in 1999. CONCLUSION: The rapid expansion of dengue throughout the Brazilian territory was verified from the second half of the 1980s, with the gradual entry of the four serotypes, which resulted in the emergence of epidemics of arbovirus, which are currently verified in the country. Considering the epidemiology of the disease, more information should be disseminated and published in the wide-ranging scientific literature for a better understanding of the spread and circulation of DENV serotypes.


Subject(s)
Dengue Virus , Dengue , Brazil/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Dengue Virus/genetics , Geography , Humans , Serogroup
5.
Cad Saude Publica ; 37(4): e00079620, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33886707

ABSTRACT

Around 14% of world dengue virus (DENV) cases occur in the Americas, most of them in Brazil. While socioeconomic, environmental, and behavioral correlates have been analyzed thoroughly, the role played by population mobility on DENV epidemics, especially at the local level, remains scarce. This study assesses whether the daily pattern of population mobility is associated with DENV incidence in Campinas, a Brazilian major city with over 1.2 million inhabitants in São Paulo State. DENV notifications from 2007 to 2015 were geocoded at street level (n = 114,884) and combined with sociodemographic and environmental data from the 2010 population census. Population mobility was extracted from the Origin-Destination Survey (ODS), carried out in 2011, and daily precipitation was obtained from satellite imagery. Multivariate zero-inflated negative binomial regression models were applied. High population mobility presented a relevant positive effect on higher risk for DENV incidence. High income and residence in apartments were found to be protective characteristics against the disease, while unpaved streets, number of strategic points (such as scrapyards and tire repair shops), and precipitation were consistently risk factors.


Subject(s)
Dengue Virus , Dengue , Epidemics , Brazil/epidemiology , Cities/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Humans
6.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799640

ABSTRACT

New spatial characteristics of dengue fever in mainland China during 2019 were analyzed. There was a dengue fever outbreak in mainland China in 2019, with 15,187 indigenous cases in 13 provinces, 1281 domestic imported cases from 12 provinces and 5778 overseas imported cases from 47 countries, more than the previous cases during the period 2005-2018, except for in 2014. Indigenous cases occurred in Sichuan, Hubei and Chongqing in 2019. There have been big changes in the spatial distribution and proportion of dengue cases. Indigenous cases were not only located in the southwestern border and southeastern coastal provinces of Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi and Fujian but also in the central provinces of Jiangxi and Chongqing. Domestic imported cases were not only from Guangdong, but also from Yunnan. There were five new sources of importation of cases. Overseas imported cases were mainly from Cambodia and Myanmar in 2019. Understanding the new spatial characteristics of dengue fever in China helps to formulate targeted, strategic plans and implement effective public health prevention and control measures.


Subject(s)
Dengue , Cambodia , China/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Myanmar
7.
Biomolecules ; 11(3)2021 03 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804076

ABSTRACT

Galectin-9 (Gal-9) is a ß-galactoside-binding lectin capable of promoting or suppressing the progression of infectious diseases. This protein is susceptible to cleavage of its linker-peptides by several proteases, and the resulting cleaved forms, N-terminal carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) and C-terminal CRD, bind to various glycans. It has been suggested that full-length (FL)-Gal-9 and the truncated (Tr)-Gal-9s could exert different functions from one another via their different glycan-binding activities. We propose that FL-Gal-9 regulates the pathogenesis of infectious diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, HIV co-infected with opportunistic infection (HIV/OI), dengue, malaria, leptospirosis, and tuberculosis (TB). We also suggest that the blood levels of FL-Gal-9 reflect the severity of dengue, malaria, and HIV/OI, and those of Tr-Gal-9 markedly reflect the severity of HIV/OI. Recently, matrix metallopeptidase-9 (MMP-9) was suggested to be an indicator of respiratory failure from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as well as useful for differentiating pulmonary from extrapulmonary TB. The protease cleavage of FL-Gal-9 may lead to uncontrolled hyper-immune activation, including a cytokine storm. In summary, Gal-9 has potential to reflect the disease severity for the acute and chronic infectious diseases.


Subject(s)
Communicable Diseases/blood , Galectins/blood , Acute Disease , Amino Acid Sequence , /physiopathology , Chronic Disease , Communicable Diseases/immunology , Communicable Diseases/physiopathology , Dengue/blood , Dengue/physiopathology , Galectins/genetics , Galectins/metabolism , HIV Infections/blood , HIV Infections/physiopathology , Humans , Immunologic Factors/metabolism , Leptospirosis/blood , Leptospirosis/physiopathology , Malaria/blood , Malaria/physiopathology , Tuberculosis/blood , Tuberculosis/physiopathology
8.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808795

ABSTRACT

Severe dengue outbreaks (DOs) affect the majority of Asian and Latin American countries. Whether all DOs always occurred in sub-tropical and tropical areas (STTA) has not been verified. We downloaded abstracts by searching keywords "dengue (MeSH Major Topic)" from Pubmed Central since 1950, including three collections: country names in abstracts (CNA), no abstracts (WA), and no country names in abstracts (Non-CNA). Visualizations were created to present the DOs across countries/areas in STTA. The percentages of mentioned country names and authors' countries in STTA were computed on the CNA and Non-CNA bases. The social network analysis was applied to highlight the most cited articles and countries. We found that (1) three collections are 3427 (25.48%), 3137 (23.33%), and 6884 (51.19%) in CNA, WA, and Non-CNA, respectively; (2) the percentages of 94.3% and 79.9% were found in the CNA and Non-CNA groups; (3) the most mentioned country in abstracts were India, Thailand, and Brazil; (4) most authors in the Non-CNA collections were from the United States, Brazil, and China; (5) the most cited article (PMID = 23563266) authored by Bhatt et al. had 2604 citations since 2013. Our findings provide in-depth insights into the DO knowledge. The research approaches are recommended for authors in research on other infectious diseases in the future, not just limited to the DO topic.


Subject(s)
Dengue , Tropical Climate , Bibliometrics , Brazil , China/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , India , Thailand , United States
10.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(3): 265-270, 2021 Mar 20.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902195

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the correlation between serum ferritin (SF) level and liver damage in the acute stage of dengue fever. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze 171 cases diagnosed with dengue fever as dengue fever group and 130 healthy patients as control group in Hangzhou 3A grade hospital from July to December 2017. Clinical data, SF and liver function related indicators were collected from both groups: alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL) to analyze the correlation between liver damage and SF in patients with dengue fever. Results: ALT, AST, and SF levels were significantly higher in the dengue fever group than those in the healthy control group (Z = 11.553, 15.054 and 15.163, P < 0.001). SF levels were higher in the dengue fever combined with liver damage group than those without the liver damage group (z = 6.930, P < 0.001). However, there was no statistically significant differences in age, gender, peak body temperature, and history of liver disease (P > 0.05). In addition, Spearman's correlation analysis showed that SF was positively correlated with ALT, AST, and TBIL (r = 0.464, 0.531 and 0.315, P < 0.001). Among dengue patients with different SF levels, there were significant difference in ALT, AST levels and incidence of liver damage (H = 14.240 and 17.584, χ(2) = 49.547, P < 0.001). Patients with higher SF levels had higher ALT, AST levels and incidence of liver damage. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that hyperferritinemia (SF≥500 ng/ml) was the risk factor for dengue fever combined with liver damage (OR = 8.120, P < 0.001). Furthermore, ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC for SF to judge dengue fever combined liver damage was 0.846 (95% CI: 0.785-0.908), and the sensitivity and specificity when the SF cut-off value was 1 506 ng/ml were 74.8% and 83.3%. Conclusion: There is a certain correlation between the SF level and the degree of liver damage in acute stage of dengue fever patients, and hyperferritinemia is a risk factor for dengue fever combined with liver damage.


Subject(s)
Dengue , Liver Diseases , Alanine Transaminase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Dengue/complications , Dengue/epidemiology , Ferritins , Humans , Liver , Retrospective Studies
11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 311, 2021 Apr 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794785

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dengue infection is caused by an arbovirus with a wide range of presentations, varying from asymptomatic disease to unspecific febrile illness and haemorrhagic syndrome with shock, which can evolve to death. In Brazil, the virus circulates since the 1980s with many introductions of new serotypes, genotypes, and lineages since then. Here we report a fatal case of dengue associated with a Dengue virus (DENV) lineage not detected in the country until now. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient, a 58-year-old man arrived at the hospital complaining of fever and severe abdominal pain due to intense gallbladder edema, mimicking acute abdomen. After 48 h of hospital admission, he evolved to refractory shock and death. DENV RNA was detected in all tissues collected (heart, lung, brain, kidney, spleen, pancreas, liver, and testis). Viral sequencing has shown that the virus belongs to serotype 2, American/Asian genotype, in a new clade, which has never been identified in Brazil before. The virus was phylogenetically related to isolates from central America [Puerto Rico (2005-2007), Martinique (2005), and Guadeloupe (2006)], most likely arriving in Brazil from Puerto Rico. CONCLUSION: In summary, this was the first fatal documented case with systemic dengue infection associated with the new introduction of Dengue type 2 virus in Brazil during the 2019 outbreak.


Subject(s)
Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Dengue/diagnosis , Brain/virology , Brazil , Dengue/virology , Dengue Virus/classification , Dengue Virus/genetics , Gallbladder/pathology , Genotype , Heart/virology , Humans , Lung/virology , Male , Middle Aged , Phylogeny , RNA, Viral/metabolism
12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2296, 2021 04 16.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863880

ABSTRACT

Brazil experienced a large dengue virus (DENV) epidemic in 2019, highlighting a continuous struggle with effective control and public health preparedness. Using Oxford Nanopore sequencing, we led field and classroom initiatives for the monitoring of DENV in Brazil, generating 227 novel genome sequences of DENV1-2 from 85 municipalities (2015-2019). This equated to an over 50% increase in the number of DENV genomes from Brazil available in public databases. Using both phylogenetic and epidemiological models we retrospectively reconstructed the recent transmission history of DENV1-2. Phylogenetic analysis revealed complex patterns of transmission, with both lineage co-circulation and replacement. We identified two lineages within the DENV2 BR-4 clade, for which we estimated the effective reproduction number and pattern of seasonality. Overall, the surveillance outputs and training initiative described here serve as a proof-of-concept for the utility of real-time portable sequencing for research and local capacity building in the genomic surveillance of emerging viruses.


Subject(s)
Dengue Virus/genetics , Dengue/epidemiology , Epidemics/prevention & control , Epidemiological Monitoring , Brazil/epidemiology , Dengue/prevention & control , Dengue/transmission , Dengue/virology , Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Feasibility Studies , Genetic Variation , Genome, Viral/genetics , Humans , Mobile Health Units , Molecular Epidemiology , Molecular Typing , Phylogeny , Proof of Concept Study , RNA, Viral/genetics , RNA, Viral/isolation & purification , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Whole Genome Sequencing
13.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 54: e08372020, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656154

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the epidemiological implications of arbovirus infections and coronavirus disease (COVID-19) co-occurrences in Espírito Santo, Brazil. METHODS: This ecological study of dengue, chikungunya, zika, and COVID-19 was performed from January 1 to July 31, 2020. RESULTS: Espírito Santo registered 44,614, 8,092, 3,138, and 91,483 cases of dengue, chikungunya, zika, and COVID-19, respectively (January-July, 2020). In the 27 and four municipalities with a high incidence of dengue and chikungunya, respectively, the incidence of COVID-19 was 647.0-3,721.7 and 1,787.2-3,403.0 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Espírito Santo experienced an overlap of epidemics, especially in urban areas.


Subject(s)
Chikungunya Fever , Coronavirus , Dengue , Epidemics , Zika Virus Infection , Zika Virus , Brazil/epidemiology , Chikungunya Fever/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Humans , Zika Virus Infection/complications , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology
14.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 171, 2021 Mar 26.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771221

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The pandemic of this century has overwhelmed the healthcare systems of affected countries, and all resources have been diverted to coronavirus disease 2019. At the onset, coronavirus disease 2019 can present as any other acute febrile undifferentiated illness. In tropical regions, clinicians are increasingly challenged to differentiate these febrile illnesses without the use of diagnostics. With this pandemic, many of these tropical diseases are neglected and go underreported. Dengue is holoendemic in the Maldives, and dengue viruses circulate throughout the year. Reports about coinfections with dengue virus and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 are scarce, and the outcome and the dynamics of the disease may be altered in the presence of coinfection. We have described the clinical manifestation and serial laboratory profile, and highlighted the atypical findings uncommon in dengue infection. CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1 was a 39-year old Asian male, presented on day 6 of dengue infection with warning signs. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 that was done as per hospital protocol was found to be positive. Case 2 was a 38-year old Asian male, was admitted on day 5 of illness with symptoms of acute respiratory infection with positive reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Evaluation of progressive leukopenia and thrombocytopenia showed positive dengue serology. CONCLUSION: Clinicians must be conscientious when working on the differential diagnosis of possible tropical diseases in cases of coronavirus disease 2019, specifically, when patients develop hemoconcentration, thrombocytopenia, and transaminitis with elevated expression of aspartate higher than alanine transaminase, which is frequently observed in dengue infection. Caution must be taken during the administration of intravenous fluids when treating patients with coronavirus disease 2019 and dengue coinfection, as coronavirus disease 2019 patients are more prone to develop pulmonary edema. Timely diagnosis and appropriate management are essential to avoid the devastating complications of severe forms of dengue infection. It is important to repeat and reconfirm the dengue serology in coronavirus disease 2019 patients to avoid false positivity. Diligence and care must be taken not to neglect other endemic tropical diseases in the region during the present pandemic.


Subject(s)
/complications , Dengue/complications , Leukopenia/blood , Thrombocytopenia/blood , Abdominal Pain/physiopathology , Adult , /blood , Coinfection , Cough/physiopathology , Dengue/blood , Dengue/physiopathology , Dengue/therapy , Diarrhea/physiopathology , Dysgeusia/physiopathology , Fever/physiopathology , Fluid Therapy , Headache/physiopathology , Humans , Male , Myalgia/physiopathology , Pharyngitis/physiopathology , Vomiting/physiopathology
15.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 119(2): 131-138, 2021 04.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749212

ABSTRACT

Eleven years after the first dengue outbreak in Buenos Aires, on March 20, 2020, while the mandatory quarantine for COVID-19 began dengue became the most common cause of fever consultation. The new wave of dengue cases was already among the predictions of the Pan American Health Organization based on the increase in the region of the Americas that had been occurring since the previous year. The arrival of SARS-CoV-2 at the beginning of March, added to the dengue outbreak that was already underway, made a new challenge for the health system while a new paradigm was initiated with adaptation plans to the new pandemic infection in the country. The overlapping of infections with epidemic potential such as dengue recalls the importance of not neglecting other endemic, emerging and re-emerging diseases in the shadow of the new epidemiological phenomenon.


Subject(s)
/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/prevention & control , Disease Outbreaks , Health Policy , Humans , Pandemics , Quarantine
16.
Virol J ; 18(1): 54, 2021 03 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706767

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic remains ongoing around the world, including in areas where dengue is endemic. Dengue and COVID-19, to some extent, have similar clinical and laboratory features, which can lead to misdiagnosis, delayed treatment and patient's isolation. The use of rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) is easy and convenient for fast diagnosis, however there may be issues with cross-reactivity with antibodies for other pathogens. METHODS: We assessed the possibility of cross-reactivity between SARS-CoV-2 and dengue antibodies by: (1) testing five brands of COVID-19 IgG / IgM RDTs on 60 RT-PCR-confirmed dengue samples; (2) testing 95 RT-PCR-confirmed COVID-19 samples on dengue RDT; and (3) testing samples positive for COVID-19 IgG and/or IgM on dengue RDT. RESULTS: We observed a high specificity across all five brands of COVID-19 RDTs, ranging from 98.3 to 100%. Out of the confirmed COVID-19 samples, one patient tested positive for dengue IgM only, another tested positive for dengue IgG only. One patient tested positive for dengue IgG, IgM, and NS1, suggesting a co-infection. In COVID-19 IgG and/or IgM samples, 6.3% of COVID-19 IgG-positive samples also tested positive for dengue IgG, while 21.1% of COVID-19 IgM-positive samples also tested positive for dengue IgG. CONCLUSION: Despite the high specificity of the COVID-19 RDT, we observed cross-reactions and false-positive results between dengue and COVID-19. Dengue and COVID-19 co-infection was also found. Health practitioners in dengue endemic areas should be careful when using antibody RDT for the diagnosis of dengue during the COVID-19 pandemic to avoid misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Cross Reactions/immunology , Dengue Virus/immunology , Dengue/diagnosis , /immunology , Adolescent , Adult , Child , Diagnosis, Differential , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , False Positive Reactions , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin A/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin M/immunology , Indonesia , Male , Middle Aged , Sensitivity and Specificity , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology , Young Adult
17.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(3): e0009259, 2021 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705409

ABSTRACT

Dengue, Zika and chikungunya are diseases of global health significance caused by arboviruses and transmitted by the mosquito Aedes aegypti, which is of worldwide circulation. The arrival of the Zika and chikungunya viruses to South America increased the complexity of transmission and morbidity caused by these viruses co-circulating in the same vector mosquito species. Here we present an integrated analysis of the reported arbovirus cases between 2007 and 2017 and local climate and socio-economic profiles of three distinct Colombian municipalities (Bello, Cúcuta and Moniquirá). These locations were confirmed as three different ecosystems given their contrasted geographic, climatic and socio-economic profiles. Correlational analyses were conducted with both generalised linear models and generalised additive models for the geographical data. Average temperature, minimum temperature and wind speed were strongly correlated with disease incidence. The transmission of Zika during the 2016 epidemic appeared to decrease circulation of dengue in Cúcuta, an area of sustained high incidence of dengue. Socio-economic factors such as barriers to health and childhood services, inadequate sanitation and poor water supply suggested an unfavourable impact on the transmission of dengue, Zika and chikungunya in all three ecosystems. Socio-demographic influencers were also discussed including the influx of people to Cúcuta, fleeing political and economic instability from neighbouring Venezuela. Aedes aegypti is expanding its range and increasing the global threat of these diseases. It is therefore vital that we learn from the epidemiology of these arboviruses and translate it into an actionable local knowledge base. This is even more acute given the recent historical high of dengue cases in the Americas in 2019, preceding the COVID-19 pandemic, which is itself hampering mosquito control efforts.


Subject(s)
Chikungunya Fever/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology , Aedes/physiology , Aedes/virology , Animals , Chikungunya Fever/economics , Chikungunya Fever/virology , Chikungunya virus/physiology , Climate , Colombia/epidemiology , Dengue/economics , Dengue/virology , Dengue Virus/physiology , Ecosystem , Humans , Mosquito Vectors/physiology , Mosquito Vectors/virology , South America , Temperature , Zika Virus/physiology , Zika Virus Infection/economics , Zika Virus Infection/virology
18.
Infez Med ; 29(1): 114-116, 2021 Mar 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664180

ABSTRACT

Dengue fever should be included in the differential diagnosis of febrile illness even if another infection such as COVID-19 has been found in returning travellers from tropical and sub-tropical area where dengue virus circulates epidemically. We describe a 40-year-old man diagnosed with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 and dengue fever during the COVID-19 outbreak in Milan, Italy.


Subject(s)
/diagnosis , Coinfection/diagnosis , Dengue/diagnosis , Medical History Taking , Adult , Coinfection/virology , Communicable Diseases, Imported/diagnosis , Communicable Diseases, Imported/virology , Dengue Virus , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Male , Travel
19.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(3): e20200670, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33681889

ABSTRACT

Arboviral diseases are disseminated all over the world. In Brazil, they remain neglected, alerting public authorities to possible outbreaks. Over here, we report the epidemiological indicators of Dengue from 2010 to 2015, Zika between 2015 and 2016, and Chikungunya from 2014 to 2016, within 19 municipalities of Southwestern Region of Bahia, Brazil. The data were collected from Brazilian national public information systems (SISFAD, SINAN, and IBGE) and by Endemic Control Agents. The analysis consisted of a description of vector characteristics, Home Infestation Index and characterization of human reported cases. The years 2011 and 2013 were recorded as having the highest frequencies of positive properties for the presence of the arboviruse vectors. Most municipalities presented high annual values of Home Infestation Index indicating an alert situation (62.28%). In the evaluated period, there were (i) 9,196 cases of Dengue, (ii) 636 cases of Zika and (iii) 224 cases of Chikungunya reported. This is the first report of the epidemiological characteristics of these arboviruses in the 19 municipalities of Bahia. It is believed that the data collected may contribute to public health policies aimed at controlling future epidemics of these arboviruses.


Subject(s)
Arboviruses , Chikungunya Fever , Dengue , Zika Virus Infection , Zika Virus , Brazil/epidemiology , Chikungunya Fever/epidemiology , Dengue/epidemiology , Humans , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology
20.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 265, 2021 Mar 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Increasing arbovirus infections have been a global burden in recent decades. Many countries have experienced the periodic emergence of arbovirus diseases. However, information on the prevalence of arboviruses is largely unknown or infrequently updated because of the lack of surveillance studies, especially in Africa. METHODS: A surveillance study was conducted in Gabon, Central Africa, on arboviruses, which are a major public health concern in Africa, including: West Nile virus (WNV), dengue virus (DENV), Zika virus (ZIKV), yellow fever virus (YFV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV), and Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV). Serological and molecular assays were performed to investigate past infection history and the current status of infection, using serum samples collected from healthy individuals and febrile patients, respectively. RESULTS: The overall seroprevalence during 2014-2017 was estimated to be 25.3% for WNV, 20.4% for DENV, 40.3% for ZIKV, 60.7% for YFV, 61.2% for CHIKV, and 14.3% for RVFV. No significant differences were found in the seroprevalence of any of the viruses between the male and female populations. However, a focus on the mean age in each arbovirus-seropositive individual showed a significantly younger age in WNV- and DENV-seropositive individuals than in CHIKV-seropositive individuals, indicating that WNV and DENV caused a relatively recent epidemic in the region, whereas CHIKV had actively circulated before. Of note, this indication was supported by the detection of both WNV and DENV genomes in serum samples collected from febrile patients after 2016. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed the recent re-emergence of WNV and DENV in Gabon as well as the latest seroprevalence state of the major arboviruses, which indicated the different potential risks of virus infections and virus-specific circulation patterns. This information will be helpful for public health organizations and will enable a rapid response towards these arbovirus infections, thereby preventing future spread in the country.


Subject(s)
Arboviruses/isolation & purification , Dengue/epidemiology , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology , Adolescent , Animals , Arbovirus Infections/diagnosis , Arbovirus Infections/epidemiology , Arboviruses/classification , Child , Child, Preschool , Communicable Diseases, Emerging , Dengue/diagnosis , Female , Fever/epidemiology , Fever/virology , Gabon/epidemiology , Humans , Infant , Male , Public Health , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Zika Virus Infection/diagnosis
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