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1.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682286

ABSTRACT

Satisfaction with physical activity during Physical Education classes leads to improved health and adherence to future healthy lifestyle habits, in addition, higher levels of physical activity have also been widely associated with higher academic achievement in primary school. To find out how satisfied Extremadura students are with the physical activity they perform, a questionnaire was distributed with different items related to positive and negative feelings they may feel during the practice. The differences between the items of the questionnaire and the total median scores according to sex and center location were analyzed and found to be present in all the items that refer to positive feelings. Additionally, the relationship between age and the mean score obtained through the questionnaire was evaluated, without discovering any significant correlations. The results showed that students are generally satisfied with the physical activity they practice in their classes and that this has benefited their academic performance.


Subject(s)
Personal Satisfaction , Students , Educational Status , Exercise , Humans , Physical Education and Training
2.
Ars pharm ; 63(2)abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-202810

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La alfabetización en salud es una medida de la capacidad de los pacientes de leer, comprender y tomar decisiones en base a instrucciones médicas. La inadecuada alfabetización se asocia a un peor estado de salud en pacientes con enfermedades crónicas. El momento de la dispensación podría ser una oportunidad para evaluar esta condición por el farmacéutico de atención primariaEl objeto de este estudio fue evaluar la relación de alfabetización en salud y los valores de colesterol total y comorbilidades en personas con prescripción de hipolipemiantes atendidos en un centro de jubilados.Método:Se diseñó un estudio prospectivo donde se evaluó la relación de la alfabetización utilizando Short Assessment of Health Literacy for Spanish-speaking Adults y el valor de colesterol , medicamentos , factores de riesgo y comorbilidades. Todas estas variables se analizaron en forma integrada en un análisis multivariado. Resultados: Participaron 178 pacientes, 63% mujeres. El puntaje promedio de SAHLSA fue 43,4 ± 5,5. Se encontró una inadecuada alfabetización en 24%. pacientes El valor promedio de colesterol en estre grupo de pacientes fue 235,17mg/dl vs 193,53mg/dl quienes tenian adecuada alfabetización en salud.Se realizó un análisis multivariado que mostró asociación entre inadecuada alfabetización en salud, bajo nivel de educación y conocimiento del paciente . El número de internaciones y la aparición de eventos coronarios fueron significativamente mayor en los pacientes con alfabetización en salud insuficiente. Conclusiones: Se encontró relación directa entre el grado de alfabetización en salud y los valores de colesterol total en pacientes en tratamiento por hipercolesterolemia (AU)


Introduction: Health literacy is a measure of the ability of patients to read, understand and make decisions based on medical instructions. Inadequate health literacy is associated with poorer health in patients with chronic diseases. Time of dispensing could be an opportunity for the primary care pharmacist to evaluate this condition by the. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of Health literacy and the values of total cholesterol and comorbidities in people with a prescription of lipid-lowering drugs treated in a retirement center. Method: A prospective study was designed where the relationship of Health literacy was evaluated using Short Assessment of Health Literacy for Spanish-speaking Adults and the value of cholesterol, medications, risk factors and comorbidities. All these variables were analyzed in an integrated manner in a multivariate analysis.Results:178 patients participated, 63% women. The mean SAHLSA score was 43.4 ± 5.5. Inadequate HL was found in 24%. patients.The mean cholesterol value in patients with inadequate Health literacy was 235.17mg / dl vs 193.53mg / dl among those with adequate Health literacy.A multivariate analysis was performed that showed an association between inadequate Health literacy, the level of education and the patient’s knowledge of normal values of total cholesterol. The number of hospitalizations and the occurrence of coronary events were significantly higher in patients with insufficient Health literacy. Conclusions: A direct relationship was found between the degree of Health literacy and total cholesterol values in patients undergoing treatment for hypercholesterolemia (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health Literacy , Primary Health Care , Hypolipidemic Agents/therapeutic use , Cholesterol/blood , Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy , Pharmaceutical Services , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Multivariate Analysis , Comorbidity , Educational Status , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
J Exp Child Psychol ; 222: 105470, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35714385

ABSTRACT

Chinese children's mental state terms were studied in a sample of 79 Chinese mother-child pairs (with children aged 3-6 years). Children's mental state term categories were calculated according to age, gender, and context as well as socioeconomic status (SES) variations. The study found that there were no significant age or gender differences in the Chinese children's mental state terms use during the 3- to 6-year stage and that the Chinese children's perception, disposition, and cognition terms were highly dependent on the use of particular words: "see" "like" and "know". After removing the highly dependent word "know," children's cognition terms showed significant age differences. Further research on disposition terms showed that with age negative terms displayed an increasing trend. In addition, the use of Chinese children's mental state terms was closely related to specific contexts. For example, references to volition occurred most often in the context of drawing, whereas references to cognition occurred when playing with blocks. Meanwhile, disposition terms were maintained at a minimum frequency in all contexts, although the picture book used in the reading context was embedded with many disposition cues. Moreover, there was no significant difference in the mental state terms of children aged 3 to 6 years with high and low SES. Furthermore, in addition to perception terms, mothers' mental state terms were significantly and positively related to children's mental state terms of the same type. These findings provide evidence for the developmental pattern of mentalization development and appropriate education for Chinese children aged 3 to 6 years.


Subject(s)
Mothers , Reading , China , Cognition , Educational Status , Female , Humans
4.
Ann Glob Health ; 88(1): 42, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35755314

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Several subgroups of the International Council of Nurses Nurse Practitioner/Advanced Practice Nurse Network (ICN NP/APNN) have periodically analyzed APN (nurse practitioner and clinical nurse specialist) development around the world. The primary objective of this study was to describe the global status of APN practice regarding scope of practice, education, regulation, and practice climate. An additional objective was to look for gaps in these same areas of role development in order to recommend future initiatives. Methods: An online survey was developed by the research team, and included questions on APN practice roles, education, regulation/credentialing, and practice climate. The study was launched in August 2018 at the 10th Annual ICN NP/APNN Conference in Rotterdam, Netherlands. Links to the survey were provided there and via multiple platforms over the next year. Results: Survey results from 325 respondents, representing 26 countries, were analyzed through descriptive techniques. Although progress was reported, particularly in education, results indicated the APN profession around the world continues to struggle over titling, title protection, regulation development, credentialing, and barriers to practice. Conclusions and Practice/Policy Relevance: APNs have the potential to help the world reach the Sustainable Development Goal of universal health coverage. Several recommendations are provided to help ensure APNs achieve these goals.


Subject(s)
Advanced Practice Nursing , Nurse Clinicians , Nurse Practitioners , Educational Status , Humans , Netherlands , Nurse Clinicians/education , Nurse Practitioners/education
5.
BMC Res Notes ; 15(1): 232, 2022 Jun 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35765048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: There has been a lack of systematic and theoretically underpinned evaluations, internationally and in Sweden, of local multi-component initiatives delivered outside public employment services and formal education systems to young people who are not in employment, education or training ('NEETs'). To bridge this knowledge gap, the objective of this study was to present findings from the theory gleaning phase of a realist evaluation aimed at assessing how Swedish community-based initiatives may work to (re)engage vulnerable 'NEET' young people in education or employment, under what conditions and why. RESULTS: Based on insights gleaned and synthesised from various sources, three candidate programme theories were elicited drawing attention to the importance of community-based initiatives in Sweden adopting a 'caring approach', a 'capability approach' and a 'collaborative approach' to (re)engage 'NEET' young people in education or employment. While limited to the initial phase of theory gleaning, the study provides valuable insights into the potential functioning of (re)engagement initiatives directed towards vulnerable 'NEETs' in addition to increasing the transparency of a highly iterative research project.


Subject(s)
Employment , Adolescent , Educational Status , Humans , Sweden
6.
Proc Biol Sci ; 289(1977): 20220045, 2022 Jun 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35765838

ABSTRACT

Social learning is fundamental to human development, helping individuals adapt to changing circumstances and cooperate in groups. During the formative years of adolescence, the social environment shapes people's socio-cognitive skills needed in adulthood. Although peer influence among adolescents is traditionally associated with risky and unruly conduct, with long-term negative effects on educational, economic and health outcomes, recent findings suggest that peers may also have a positive impact. Here, we present a series of experiments with 10-20-year-olds (n = 146) showing that positive and negative peer effects reflect a domain-general factor of social information use which declines during adolescence. Exposure to disobedient peers provoked rule breaking, and selfish peers reduced prosocial behaviour, particularly in early adolescence. However, compliant peers also promoted rule compliance and fair peers increased prosociality. A belief formation task further revealed that younger adolescents tend to assimilate social information, while older adolescents prioritize personal views. Our results highlight early adolescence as a key window for peer-based interventions to improve developmental trajectories.


Subject(s)
Peer Influence , Social Learning , Adolescent , Adult , Educational Status , Humans , Peer Group , Social Environment
7.
Rev Saude Publica ; 56: 62, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35766791

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Determine and measure the association of social factors and health conditions with worse capacity and performance levels. METHODS: Dependent variables consisted of performance and capacity; independent variables comprised age, gender, level of education, personal income, and health conditions. Means (95%CI) of performance and capacity were presented according to the independent variables. Generalized linear models, using a mutual adjustment for all variables considered statistically significant (p < 0.05), measured the associations between each exposure and outcomes. Study population included 12,265 individuals. RESULTS: Older women with lower education and income levels and with some health condition showed the worst performance and capacity. CONCLUSION: Results showed that the capacity and performance levels of the Chilean population changed according to social demographic characteristics and health conditions.


Subject(s)
Income , Social Factors , Aged , Brazil/epidemiology , Chile , Educational Status , Female , Humans
8.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0270027, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35767515

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate inequalities in care for people with diabetes in Brazil. This cross-sectional population-based study was carried out in 2019 and evaluated care provided by receiving advice, requesting laboratory tests, and performing examinations. We used the slope index of inequality and concentration index to assess inequalities according to educational level and Poisson regression to estimate prevalence ratios for each outcome in the education category. We assessed a total of 6317 people with diabetes, 41.8% had their eyes checked, and 36.1% had their feet examined in the previous year. Prevalence for both examinations was 2.45 times higher in those from the highest level of education compared to those from the lowest level. The largest absolute differences (in percentage points) between the lowest and highest education levels in care indicators were the following: request for glycated hemoglobin test (39.0), glucose curve test (31.4), and eyes checked in the previous year (29.7). There were notable inequalities in the prevalence ratios of care provided to people with diabetes in Brazil. Requests for glycated hemoglobin tests, glucose curve tests, eye and feet examinations should be emphasized, especially for people from lower educational levels.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Educational Status , Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Health Status Disparities , Humans , Prevalence , Socioeconomic Factors
9.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e055223, 2022 Jun 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35768098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of the number of children ever born (CEB) and its associated determinants among women aged 15-49 years in Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We used clustered data extracted from the last two Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys (BDHS 2014 and BDHS 2017-2018). A two-stage stratified sampling was used in both surveys. Mixed logistic regression modelling approach for binary responses was adapted to accommodate clustering effects via the generalised linear mixed model framework. PARTICIPANTS: The study is based on 15 924 ever-married women in BDHS 2017-2018 (14 119 in BDHS 2014) of Bangladesh. RESULTS: As per the latest BDHS 2017-2018, 42.1% of reproductive women had three or more children. Age at first marriage (p<0.001, OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.666 to 0.825), age at first birth (p<0.001, OR0.54, 95% CI 0.480 to 0.607), place of residence (p<0.001, OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.712 to 0.872), exposure of media (p<0.001, OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.647 to 0.768), religion (p<0.001, OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.277 to 1.690), husband's desire more child (p<0.001, OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.428 to 1.784), women empowerment (p<0.001, OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.075 to 1.3) and wealth index (p<0.001, OR1.61, 95% CI 0.435 to 1.796) were found to be statistically significant determinants of the number of CEB among ever-married women. The number of CEB among women was negatively associated with their own educational status (p<0.001) and husbands level of education (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The CEB appears to be higher among women who were married before 18 years, Muslim, illiterate, living in rural areas, had first birth before 20 years, non-exposure of media and husband's desire for more children.


Subject(s)
Family Conflict , Marriage , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Child , Educational Status , Female , Humans , Socioeconomic Factors , Spouses
10.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 476, 2022 Jun 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35698030

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There exists a lack of research in explaining the link between dropout from school and antenatal care (ANC) visits of women during pregnancy in Bangladesh. The aim of this study is to investigate how the drop out from school influences the ANC visits after controlling the relevant covariates using an appropriate count regression model. METHODS: The association between the explanatory variables and the outcome of interest, ANC visits, have been performed using one-way analysis of variance/independent sample t-test. To examine the adjusted effects of covariates on the marginal mean of count data, Marginalized Poison-Poisson mixture regression model has been fitted. RESULTS: The estimated incidence rate of antenatal care visits was 10.6% lower for the mothers who were not continued their education after marriage but had at least 10 years of schooling (p-value <0.01) and 20.2% lower for the drop-outed mothers (p-value <0.01) than the mothers who got continued their education after marriage. CONCLUSIONS: To ensure the WHO recommended 8+ ANC visits for the pregnant women of Bangladesh, it is essential to promote maternal education so that at least ten years of schooling should be completed by a woman and dropout from school after marriage should be prevented.


Subject(s)
Pregnant Women , Prenatal Care , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Educational Status , Female , Humans , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Pregnancy , Schools
12.
J Psychiatr Res ; 151: 638-641, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661520

ABSTRACT

Employment is rare among people with a schizophrenia diagnosis. Meanwhile, a genetic liability for schizophrenia may hinder labour market performance. We studied how the polygenic risk score (PGS) for schizophrenia related to education and labour market outcomes. We found that a higher PGS was linked to lower educational levels and weaker labour market outcomes as well as a higher likelihood of receiving social income transfers, particularly among men. Assuming that the link is causal, our results indicate that individuals with schizophrenia or schizophrenia-related traits have a weakened ability to fully participate in the labour market, potentially reinforcing social exclusion.


Subject(s)
Schizophrenia , Cohort Studies , Educational Status , Employment , Humans , Male , Risk Factors , Schizophrenia/genetics
13.
J Psychiatr Res ; 151: 667-675, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To examine patterns of remission of pediatric bipolar I (BP-I) disorder attending to syndromatic, symptomatic, and functional outcomes from childhood to adolescent and young adult years. METHODS: We analyzed data from a six-year prospective follow-up study of youths aged 6-17 years with BP-I disorder. Subjects were comprehensively assessed at baseline and subsequently at four, five, and six years thereafter. Assessments included structured diagnostic interviews and measures of psychosocial and educational functioning. Patterns of remission were calculated attending to whether syndromatic, symptomatic, and functional remission were achieved. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier failure functions revealed that the probability of functional recovery from pediatric BP-I disorder was very low. Of the 88 youths assessed, only 6% (N = 5) of the sample were euthymic with normal functioning during the year prior to their last follow-up assessment (average follow-up time = 5.8 ± 1.8 years). CONCLUSIONS: These results provide compelling evidence of the high level of persistence of pediatric BP-I disorder. Symptomatic and functional remission were uncommon and most subjects continued to demonstrate high morbidity into late adolescence and early adulthood.


Subject(s)
Bipolar Disorder , Adolescent , Adult , Bipolar Disorder/psychology , Child , Educational Status , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Prospective Studies , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Young Adult
14.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0269832, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700168

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Low birth weight (LBW) is defined as a birth weight less than 2500 g. It is an important predictor of early neonatal mortality, morbidity, and long-term health outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for low birth weight in Marrakech Morocco. METHODS: A retrospective based case-control study was conducted from July 2018 to July 2019. 462 mother infant pairs (231 low birth weight babies as cases and 231 normal birth weights as controls) were included in the study. Data were collected through face to face interview using a structured and pretested questionnaire. The collected data were managed with Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20. Bivariate and multivariate binary logistic regression were used to identify factors associated with low birth weight at p-value < 0.05 with their respective odds ratios and 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: The univariate analysis revealed the effect of the following determinants on the LBW: rural residence, father's age, father's professional activity, consanguinity, family type, mother's low educational level, and mother's intense physical activity. After the multivariate analysis, the risk factors identified were: rural residence (P = 0.017), father's professional activity (temporarily working) (P = 0.000), absence of the consanguinity link (P = 0.016), and mother's intense physical activity (P = 0.014). CONCLUSION: Results show father's professional activity (temporarily working), rural residence, absence of the consanguinity link and mother's intense physical activity are independent predictors of low birth weight. The current findings add substantially to the growing literature on the influence of parent's socio-demographic and cultural factors on LBW in resource-constrained settings and provide empirical data for public health interventions to reduce low birth weight.


Subject(s)
Infant, Low Birth Weight , Mothers , Birth Weight , Case-Control Studies , Educational Status , Fathers , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Morocco , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9839, 2022 Jun 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701507

ABSTRACT

Despite efforts towards bridging the education gap between tribal (Scheduled Tribe) and non-tribal (Non-Scheduled Tribe) children, contrasting poor-quality education questioned the tribal children's educational wellbeing in India. Early childhood circumstances render a remarkable impact on the educational wellbeing of children in later years. This study examined the influence of early childhood circumstances (child, household and community characteristics) during 2005 on the educational wellbeing inequality (among India's tribal and non-tribal children) during 2012 using the India Human Development Survey panel dataset of 8611 children. The Educational wellbeing score was obtained from reading, mathematical and writing test scores using Principal Component Factor Analysis. We performed the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition of the educational wellbeing inequality among India's tribal and non-tribal children. The ST children's average educational wellbeing score (-0.41) was much lower than the Non-ST children (0.04). Findings from the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition show that the household economic condition in children's early ages contributed to 24% of educational wellbeing inequality among tribal and non-tribal children. Further, the education status of males and female adults and the sanitation condition of families considerably impacted educational wellbeing. The present study concludes that caste antagonism has not reduced with time. The missing focus on the minority groups resulted in a deteriorated educational wellbeing.


Subject(s)
Family Characteristics , Social Class , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Educational Status , Female , Humans , India , Male , Sanitation , Socioeconomic Factors
17.
Cad Saude Publica ; 38(5): e00022421, 2022.
Article in Portuguese, English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703596

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze factors associated with delay in specialized treatment after diagnosis of cervical cancer in the State of Bahia, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional hospital-based study of women treated in accredited units in the Hospital-Based Cancer Registry (HBCR) system in the State of Bahia from 2008 to 2017. A descriptive analysis and logistic regression were performed with backward stepwise modeling to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR), defining statistical significance as p ≤ 0.05 in Pearson's chi-square test. We analyzed 9,184 cases, and 65% had delayed treatment (time between diagnosis and first treatment > 60 days). Delayed treatment was more prevalent among women 65 years or older (PR = 1.30; 95%CI: 1.21-1.39), with no schooling (PR = 1.24; 95%CI: 1.15-1.33), and in advanced stages (PR = 1.17; 95%CI: 1.13-1.21). Most of the cases analyzed had delayed treatment, more prevalent among older women, with less schooling, and advanced tumor stages, highlighting the need to expand access to cancer treatment services in Bahia state, especially for these groups in worse conditions.


Este estudo teve o objetivo de analisar os fatores associados ao tratamento especializado em tempo inoportuno após diagnóstico do câncer do colo do útero no Estado da Bahia, Brasil. Trata-se de um estudo de base hospitalar, de corte transversal, realizado com mulheres tratadas em unidades credenciadas ao sistema de Registro Hospitalar de Câncer (RHC) do Estado da Bahia, no período de 2008 a 2017. Foi realizada análise descritiva e regressão logística, construída na modelagem stepwise backward, para estimar as razões de prevalência (RP) bruta e ajustada, sendo consideradas estatisticamente significantes aquelas com o valor de p ≤ 0,05 pelo teste qui-quadrado de Pearson. Foram analisados 9.184 casos, destes, 65% tiveram tratamento em tempo inoportuno (tempo transcorrido entre o diagnóstico e o primeiro tratamento > 60 dias). A prevalência de tratamento em tempo inoportuno apresentou valores mais elevados entre mulheres com 65 anos ou mais (RP = 1,30; IC95%: 1,21-1,39), nenhuma escolaridade (RP = 1,24; IC95%: 1,15-1,33) e estadiamento avançado (RP = 1,17; IC95%: 1,13-1,21). Na maioria dos casos analisados, houve tratamento em tempo inoportuno, com maior prevalência entre as mulheres com mais idade, menor escolaridade e estadiamento clínico do tumor avançado, evidenciando a necessidade de ampliação do acesso aos serviços de tratamento oncológico no Estado da Bahia, em especial para estes grupos que apresentaram pior situação.


El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar los factores asociados al tratamiento especializado en un tiempo inadecuado, tras el diagnóstico del cáncer de cuello de útero en el estado da Bahía, Brasil. Se trata de un estudio con base hospitalaria, de corte transversal, realizado con mujeres tratadas en unidades acreditadas en el sistema de Registro Hospitalario de Cáncer (RHC) del estado de Bahía, en el período de 2008 a 2017. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo y regresión logística, construida en el modelado stepwise backward, para estimar las razones de prevalencia (RP) bruta y ajustada, siendo consideradas estadísticamente significativas aquellas con el valor de p ≤ 0,05, mediante el test chi-cuadrado de Pearson. Todos los análisis fueron procesados en el programa Stata versión 16.0. Se analizaron 9.184 casos, de estos, un 65% tuvieron tratamiento en un tiempo inadecuado (tiempo transcurrido entre el diagnóstico y el primer tratamiento > 60 días). La prevalencia de tratamiento en tiempo inoportuno presentó valores más elevados entre mujeres con 65 años o más (RP = 1,30; IC95%: 1,21-1,39), ninguna escolaridad (RP = 1,24; IC95%: 1,15-1,33) y estadio avanzado (RP = 1,17; IC95%: 1,13-1,21). En la mayoría de los casos analizados, hubo tratamiento en un tiempo inadecuado, con mayor prevalencia entre las mujeres con más edad, menor escolaridad y estadio clínico del tumor avanzado, evidenciando la necesidad de una ampliación del acceso a los servicios de tratamiento oncológico en el estado de Bahía, en especial para estos grupos que presentaron peor situación.


Subject(s)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Aged , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Educational Status , Female , Humans , Prevalence , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/diagnosis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/therapy
18.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75Suppl 3(Suppl 3): e20210778, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35703676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: to analyze trends in suicide rates in Brazil in the period before and after the start of the economic recession. METHODS: interrupted time series research using national suicide data recorded in the period between 2012 and 2017 with socioeconomic subgroups analyses. Quasi-Poisson regression model was employed to analyze trends in seasonally adjusted data. RESULTS: there was an abrupt increase in the risk of suicide after economic recession in the population with less education (12.5%; RR = 1.125; 95%CI: 1.027; 1.232) and in the South Region (17.7%; 1.044; 1.328). After an abrupt reduction, there was a progressive increase in risk for the black and brown population and for those with higher education. In most other population strata, there was a progressive increase in the risk of suicide. CONCLUSIONS: the Brazilian economic recession caused different effects on suicide rates, considering social strata, which requires health strategies and policies that are sensitive to the most vulnerable populations.


Subject(s)
Economic Recession , Suicide , Brazil/epidemiology , Educational Status , Humans , Interrupted Time Series Analysis
19.
Front Public Health ; 10: 875373, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35719610

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Regular sports participation is a gendered phenomenon in China. Women have reported much higher constraints than men on time, partner, psychology, knowledge, and interest. This study explores personal, family, lifestyle, and health factors associated with sports participation. Study Design: This study is a cross-sectional study. Methods: Data were collected from the national reprehensive China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) database (2018) to analyze personal information, family background, lifestyle, and health in relation to women's sports participation. Multiple classification logistic regression was used to quantify the association between independent variables and sports time. Results: Women with high personal income and education, who were unmarried, in faster economic development areas have more awareness and more time for sports participation. Women who were overweight and self-rated as unattractive spent less time on sports participation. Women with a small family population and no children have more time for sports participation. Less time on the internet and moderate sleep contribute to active sports participation. Women with chronic diseases and high medical costs are less likely to participate in sports. Conclusions: Negative body aesthetic perception, the burden of family environment, modernization of lifestyle, and the normalization of sub-health are essential factors affecting women's sports participation. The government should understand the inner and outer barriers to women's participation in sports, develop policies and regulations to protect and support women's sports participation, and guide and monitor the effective implementation of women's sports activities.


Subject(s)
Government , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Educational Status , Female , Humans , Male , Socioeconomic Factors
20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 871266, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35719647

ABSTRACT

Health, an important indicator for measuring the elderly's life and wellbeing, is an important part of positive and healthy aging. Children's achievements are closely linked to their parents' health. However, existing literature does not cover how children's achievements impact the health of their elderly parents. Data were derived from the 2014 Chinese Longitudinal Aging Social Survey; this study includes 6,793 elderly people ages 60 and older as samples. A multiple linear regression model was used to analyze the correlation between children's achievements and their elderly parents' health statuses in China. The results show that the higher the children's income and education, the better their health of their elderly parents. Living patterns, children' financial support to their parents, and social capital play a mediating role in the relationship between children and their elderly parents. These findings provide further insight into potential factors associated with the children's achievements and elderly health.


Subject(s)
Income , Parents , Aged , Child , China , Educational Status , Health Status , Humans , Middle Aged
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