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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(23): e38444, 2024 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847728

ABSTRACT

To investigate changes in skeletal muscle mass and fat fraction in patients with metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) undergoing treatment with Semaglutide for 6months. This single-arm pilot study included 21 patients with MASLD who received semaglutide for T2DM. Body weight, metabolic parameters, liver enzymes, fibrosis markers, skeletal muscle index (cm2/m2), and fat fraction (%) at the L3 level using the two-point Dixon method on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), as well as liver steatosis and liver stiffness assessed using MRI-based proton density fat fraction (MRI-PDFF) and MR elastography, respectively, were prospectively examined before and 6 months after semaglutide administration. The mean age of the patients was 53 years and 47.6% were females. The median liver steatosis-fraction (%) and skeletal muscle steatosis-fraction values (%) significantly decreased (22.0 vs 12.0; P = .0014) and (12.8 vs 9.9; P = .0416) at baseline and 6 months, respectively, while maintaining muscle mass during treatment. Semaglutide also dramatically reduced hemoglobin A1c (%) (6.8 vs 5.8, P = .0003), AST (IU/L) (54 vs 26, P < .0001), ALT (IU/L) (80 vs 34, P = .0004), and γ-GTP (IU/L) levels (64 vs 34, P = .0007). Although not statistically significant, Body weight (kg) (79.9 vs 77.4), body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) (28.9 vs 27.6), and liver stiffness (kPa) (28.9 vs 27.6) showed a decreasing trend. Fibrosis markers such as M2BPGi, type IV collagen, and skeletal muscle area did not differ. Semaglutide demonstrated favorable effects on liver and skeletal muscle steatosis, promoting improved liver function and diabetic status.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Glucagon-Like Peptides , Liver , Muscle, Skeletal , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Male , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Muscle, Skeletal/drug effects , Glucagon-Like Peptides/therapeutic use , Glucagon-Like Peptides/administration & dosage , Pilot Projects , Liver/drug effects , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver/pathology , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Fatty Liver/drug therapy , Adult , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor/agonists , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Glycated Hemoglobin/drug effects , Glycated Hemoglobin/analysis , Aged
2.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0302527, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833499

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is a treatment option for breast cancer patients that allows for the assessment of tumor response during treatment. This information can be used to adjust treatment and improve outcomes. However, the optimal imaging modalities and parameters for assessing tumor response to NACT are not well established. METHODS: This study included 173 breast cancer patients who underwent NACT. Patients were imaged with ultrasound (US), mammography (MMG), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at baseline, after two cycles of NACT, and before breast surgery. US parameters included lesion morphology, Doppler variables, and elastography measurements. MMG and MRI were evaluated for the presence of nodules and tumor dimensions. The pathological response to NACT was determined using the residual cancer burden (RCB) classification. RESULTS: The US parameter with the highest power for predicting pathological complete response (pCR) was shear wave elastography (SWE) maximum speed inside the tumor at baseline. For nonluminal tumors, the end diastolic velocity measured by US after two cycles of NACT showed the highest predictive value for pCR. Similarly, SWE maximum speed after two cycles of NACT had the highest discriminating power for predicting RCB-III in luminal tumors, while the same parameter measured at baseline was most predictive for nonluminal tumors. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that mid-treatment Doppler US and other imaging modalities can be used to predict the response to NACT in breast cancer patients. Functional parameters, such as blood flow velocities and SWE measurements, demonstrated superior predictive value for pCR, while morphological parameters had limited value. These findings have implications for personalized treatment strategies and may contribute to improved outcomes in the management of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mammography , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Middle Aged , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Mammography/methods , Adult , Prospective Studies , Aged , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Predictive Value of Tests , Treatment Outcome
3.
J Sports Sci Med ; 23(2): 436-444, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38841644

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) and lumbar muscle modulus in individuals with and without hamstring injury using shear wave elastography (SWE). Thirteen male soccer players without a previous hamstring injury and eleven players with a history of hamstring injury performed passive and active (submaximal) knee flexion efforts from 0°, 45° and 90° angle of knee flexion as well as an active prone trunk extension test. The elastic modulus of the TLF, the erector spinae (ES) and the multifidus (MF) was measured using ultrasound SWE simultaneously with the surface electromyography (EMG) signal of the ES and MF. The TLF SWE modulus was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in the injured group (range: 29.86 ± 8.58 to 66.57 ± 11.71 kPa) than in the uninjured group (range: 17.47 ± 9.37 to 47.03 ± 16.04 kPa). The ES and MF modulus ranged from 14.97 ± 4.10 to 66.57 ± 11.71 kPa in the injured group and it was significantly (p < .05) greater compared to the uninjured group (range: 11.65 ± 5.99 to 40.49 ± 12.35 kPa). TLF modulus was greater than ES and MF modulus (p < 0.05). Active modulus was greater during the prone trunk extension test compared to the knee flexion tests and it was greater in the knee flexion test at 0° than at 90° (p < 0.05). The muscle EMG was greater in the injured compared to the uninjured group in the passive tests only (p < 0.05). SWE modulus of the TLF and ES and MF was greater in soccer players with previous hamstring injury than uninjured players. Further research could establish whether exercises that target the paraspinal muscles and the lumbar fascia can assist in preventing individuals with a history of hamstring injury from sustaining a new injury.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Electromyography , Fascia , Hamstring Muscles , Soccer , Humans , Male , Soccer/injuries , Soccer/physiology , Young Adult , Hamstring Muscles/injuries , Hamstring Muscles/physiology , Hamstring Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Fascia/injuries , Fascia/diagnostic imaging , Fascia/physiology , Fascia/physiopathology , Elastic Modulus , Athletic Injuries/physiopathology , Athletic Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Lumbosacral Region/injuries , Lumbosacral Region/diagnostic imaging , Paraspinal Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Paraspinal Muscles/physiology , Paraspinal Muscles/physiopathology , Adolescent
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12922, 2024 06 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839921

ABSTRACT

The incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) tends to be younger. And the role of theobromine in fatty liver disease remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between dietary theobromine intake and degree of hepatic steatosis in individuals aged 45 and below, using data from the 2017-2020 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and liver ultrasonography transient elastography. A total of 1796 participants aged below 45 years were included from NHANES 2017-2020 data after applying exclusion criteria. Multivariate regression and subgroup analyses were conducted to examine the associations between theobromine intake and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), adjusting for potential confounders. Generalized additive models and two-piecewise linear regression were used to analyze nonlinear relationships. In the unadjusted Model 1 and preliminarily adjusted Model 2, there was no significant correlation between theobromine intake and CAP values. However, in Models 3 and 4, which accounted for confounding factors, a higher intake of theobromine was significantly associated with lower CAP values. Subgroup analyses in the fully adjusted Model 4 revealed a significant negative correlation among individuals aged 18-45, women, and white populations. Nonlinear analysis revealed a U-shaped relationship in black Americans, with the lowest CAP values at 44.5 mg/day theobromine. This study provides evidence that higher theobromine intake is correlated with lower degree of hepatic steatosis in young people, especially those aged 18-45 years, women, and whites. For black Americans, maintaining theobromine intake around 44.5 mg/day may help minimize liver steatosis. These findings may help personalize clinical nutritional guidance, prevent the degree of hepatic steatosis, and provide pharmacological approaches to reverse fatty liver disease in young people.


Subject(s)
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Nutrition Surveys , Theobromine , Humans , Theobromine/administration & dosage , Female , Male , Adult , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver/pathology , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Fatty Liver/epidemiology , Fatty Liver/diagnostic imaging
5.
Radiology ; 311(3): e232242, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832881

ABSTRACT

Background Pathologic lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) is associated with poor outcome in endometrial cancer. Its relationship with tumor stiffness, which can be measured with use of MR elastography, has not been extensively explored. Purpose To assess whether MR elastography-based mechanical characteristics can aid in the noninvasive prediction of LVSI in patients with endometrial cancer. Materials and Methods This prospective study included consecutive adult patients with a suspected uterine tumor who underwent MRI and MR elastography between October 2022 and July 2023. A region of interest delineated on T2-weighted magnitude images was duplicated on MR elastography images and used to calculate c (stiffness in meters per second) and φ (viscosity in radians) values. Pathologic assessment of hysterectomy specimens for LVSI served as the reference standard. Data were compared between LVSI-positive and -negative groups with use of the Mann-Whitney U test. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine variables associated with LVSI positivity and develop diagnostic models for predicting LVSI. Model performance was assessed with use of area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and compared using the DeLong test. Results A total of 101 participants were included, 72 who were LVSI-negative (median age, 53 years [IQR, 48-62 years]) and 29 who were LVSI-positive (median age, 54 years [IQR, 49-60 years]). The tumor stiffness in the LVSI-positive group was higher than in the LVSI-negative group (median, 4.1 m/sec [IQR, 3.2-4.6 m/sec] vs 2.2 m/sec [IQR, 2.0-2.8 m/sec]; P < .001). Tumor volume, cancer antigen 125 level, and tumor stiffness were associated with LVSI positivity (adjusted odds ratio range, 1.01-9.06; P range, <.001-.04). The combined model (AUC, 0.93) showed better performance for predicting LVSI compared with clinical-radiologic model (AUC, 0.77; P = .003) and similar performance to the MR elastography-based model (AUC, 0.89; P = .06). Conclusion The addition of tumor stiffness as measured at MR elastography into a clinical-radiologic model improved prediction of LVSI in patients with endometrial cancer. © RSNA, 2024 Supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Ehman in this issue.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Endometrial Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Humans , Female , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Endometrial Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Predictive Value of Tests
7.
Scand J Med Sci Sports ; 34(6): e14670, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38856021

ABSTRACT

Passive hamstring stiffness varies proximo-distally, resulting in inhomogeneous tissue strain during stretching that may affect localized adaptations and risk of muscle injuries. The purpose of the present study was to determine the acute and chronic effects of static stretching (SS) on intramuscular hamstring stiffness. Thirty healthy active participants had acute changes in passive biceps femoris (BF), semimembranosus (SM), and semitendinosus (ST) stiffness measured at 25% (proximal), 50% (middle), and 75% (distal) muscle length, using shear-wave elastography, immediately after SS. Participants then completed 4 weeks of either a SS intervention (n = 15) or no intervention (CON, n = 15) with stiffness measured before and after the interventions. The acute and chronic effects of SS were compared between anatomical regions and between regions on the basis of their relative stiffness pre-intervention. Acutely, SS decreased stiffness throughout the BF and SM (p ≤ 0.05) but not the ST (p = 0.326). However, a regional effect of stretching was observed for SM and ST with greater reduction in stiffness occurring in stiffer muscular regions (p = 0.001-0.013). Chronically, SS increased BF and ST (p < 0.05), but not SM (p = 0.422) stiffness compared with CON, but no regional effect of stretching was observed in any muscle (p = 0.361-0.833). SS resulted in contrasting acute and chronic effects, acutely decreasing stiffness in stiffer regions while chronically increasing stiffness. These results indicate that the acute effects of SS vary along the muscle's length on the basis of the relative stiffness of the muscle and that acute changes in stiffness from SS are unrelated to chronic adaptations.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Hamstring Muscles , Muscle Stretching Exercises , Humans , Hamstring Muscles/physiology , Hamstring Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Female
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13194, 2024 06 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851771

ABSTRACT

Composed of obesity and lipid parameters, the cardiometabolic index (CMI) has emerged as a novel diagnostic tool. Originally developed for diabetes diagnosis, its application has expanded to identifying patients with cardiovascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis and hypertension. However, the relationship between CMI and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver fibrosis in the US population remains unclear. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) spanning 2017-2020, involving 2996 participants aged 20 years or older. Vibration controlled transient elastography using a FibroScan® system (model 502, V2 Touch) with controlled attenuation parameter measurements identified NAFLD at a threshold of ≥ 274 dB/m, while liver stiffness measurement (LSM) results (median, ≥ 8.2 kPa) indicated fibrosis. A multifactorial logistic regression model explored the relationship between CMI and NAFLD and fibrosis. The effectiveness of CMI in detecting NAFLD and liver fibrosis was assessed through receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Controlling for potential confounders, CMI showed a significant positive association with NAFLD (adjusted OR = 1.44, 95% CI 1.44-1.45) and liver fibrosis (adjusted OR = 1.84, 95% CI 1.84-1.85). The Areas Under the Curve for predicting NAFLD and fibrosis were 0.762 (95% CI 0.745 ~ 0.779) and 0.664(95% CI 0.633 ~ 0.696), respectively, with optimal cut-off values of 0.462 and 0.527. There is a positive correlation between CMI and NAFLD and fibrosis, which is a suitable and simple predictor of NAFLD and fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Liver Cirrhosis , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Humans , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnostic imaging , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Adult , Nutrition Surveys , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , ROC Curve , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors , Aged
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(23): e38425, 2024 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847732

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Not all the breast lesions were mass-like, some were non-mass-like at ultrasonography. In these lesions, conventional ultrasonography had a high sensitivity but a low specificity. Sonoelastography can evaluate tissue stiffness to differentiate malignant masses from benign ones. Then what about the non-mass lesions? The aim of this study was to evaluate the current accuracy of sonoelastography in the breast non-mass lesions and compare the results with those of the American College of Radiology breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS). METHODS: An independent literature search of English medical databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase & MEDLINE (Embase.com) and Cochrane Library, was performed by 2 researchers. The accuracy of sonoelastography was calculated and compared with those of BI-RADS. RESULTS: Fourteen relevant studies including 1058 breast non-mass lesions were included. Sonoelastography showed a pooled sensitivity of 0.74 (95% CI: 0.70-0.78), specificity of 0.89 (95% CI: 0.85-0.91), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) of 25.22 (95% CI: 17.71-35.92), and an area under the curve of 0.9042. Eight articles included both sonoelastography and BI-RADS. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, DOR and AUC were 0.69 versus 0.91 (P < .01), 0.90 versus 0.68 (P < .01), 19.65 versus 29.34 (P > .05), and 0.8685 versus 0.9327 (P > .05), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Sonoelastography has a higher specificity and a lower sensitivity for differential diagnosis between malignant and benign breast non-mass lesions compared with BI-RADS, although there were no differences in AUC between them.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Humans , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Female , Ultrasonography, Mammary/methods , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Diagnosis, Differential , Breast/diagnostic imaging , Breast/pathology , Breast Diseases/diagnostic imaging
10.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0303098, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857243

ABSTRACT

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the dysfunctional metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins caused by impaired insulin secretion and insulin resistance. This study investigated the feasibility of using point shear wave elastography (pSWE) of the pancreas by comparing the shear wave velocity (SWV) measurements of three anatomical areas in patients with T1DM and healthy volunteers. This study included 30 patients with T1DM (9 male, 21 female) and 23 healthy controls (11 men, 12 women). Two experienced certified operators performed the examinations and took the SWV measurements. The mean SWV of the entire pancreas parenchyma differed significantly between patients and controls (1.1 ± 0.29 and 0.74 ± 0.19 m/s, respectively; p ≤ 0.001). Moreover, the SWVs of the pancreatic segments were significantly different in patients and controls; the mean SWV values of the pancreas head, body, and tail (respectively) in patients vs. controls were 0.99 ± 0.36 vs. 0.76 ± 0.26 m/s (p = 0.012), 1.1 ± 0.52 vs. 0.74 ± 0.23 (p ≤ 0.001), and 1.0 ± 0.34 vs. 0.73 ± 0.28 (p ≤ 0.001). This study confirmed the feasibility of quantifying pancreas tissue stiffness with pSWE and revealed that patients with T1DM had higher pancreas tissue stiffness than controls. Further studies are required to determine the potential value of pSWE as a screening tool in patients with prediabetes.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Feasibility Studies , Pancreas , Humans , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Male , Female , Adult , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/diagnostic imaging , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/physiopathology , Pancreas/diagnostic imaging , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreas/metabolism , Middle Aged , Healthy Volunteers , Case-Control Studies
12.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 39: 350-355, 2024 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876651

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine whether massage pressure on the target muscles (biceps brachii muscle [BB] and the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle [MG]) is related to the massage effect (reducing muscle stiffness). METHOD: Nine healthy participants participated in this study. A physiotherapist massaged the upper arms and lower legs of participants on a rigid desk in a laboratory. Massage was delivered for 10 min with a 3-min rest. The shear modulus (i.e., the muscle stiffness), assessed by shear wave elastography, was measured at various time points (before [PRE], immediately after [POST], and 5 [POST-5], 10, 15, and 20 min after the massage). The massage pressure data (N) were obtained only during massage by force plate sensors. RESULTS: The BB shear modulus was significantly reduced POST massage. The MG shear modulus significantly reduced POST massage and remained clearly reduced until POST-5. There was a negative correlation between the total massage pressure and the % change in the shear modulus in both muscles. DISCUSSION: Since the spindle (BB) and pennate (MG) muscles have structural differences, our results suggest that these differences may affect the pattern of changes in the shear modulus in response to massage. CONCLUSION: Massage pressure is related to the massage effect (reducing muscle stiffness), and its relationships to POST are not related to the differences in the morphologies of the spindle (BB) and pennate muscles (MG). However, differences in the morphologies of the spindle and pennate muscles may cause differences in the duration of the massage effects.


Subject(s)
Massage , Muscle, Skeletal , Humans , Massage/methods , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Male , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Pressure , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13674, 2024 06 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871788

ABSTRACT

Managing complications of liver cirrhosis such as varices needing treatment (VNT) and clinically significant portal hypertension (CSPH) demands precise and non-invasive diagnostic methods. This study assesses the efficacy of spleen stiffness measurement (SSM) using a 100-Hz probe for predicting VNT and CSPH, aiming to refine diagnostic thresholds. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 257 cirrhotic patients, comparing the diagnostic performance of SSM against traditional criteria, including Baveno VII, for predicting VNT and CSPH. The DeLong test was used for statistical comparisons among predictive models. The success rate of SSM@100 Hz was 94.60%, and factors related to SSM failure were high body mass index and small spleen volume or length. In our cohort, the identified SSM cut-off of 38.9 kPa, which achieved a sensitivity of 92% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 98% for detecting VNT, is clinically nearly identical to the established Baveno threshold of 40 kPa. The predictive capability of the SSM-based model for VNT was superior to the LSM ± PLT model (p = 0.017). For CSPH prediction, the SSM model notably outperformed existing non-invasive tests (NITs), with an AUC improvement and significant correlations with HVPG measurements (obtained from 49 patients), highlighting a correlation coefficient of 0.486 (p < 0.001) between SSM and HVPG. Therefore, incorporating SSM into clinical practice significantly enhances the prediction accuracy for both VNT and CSPH in cirrhosis patients, mainly due to the high correlation between SSM and HVPG. SSM@100 Hz can offer valuable clinical assistance in avoiding unnecessary endoscopy in these patients.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Hypertension, Portal , Liver Cirrhosis , Spleen , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Female , Spleen/pathology , Hypertension, Portal/diagnosis , Hypertension, Portal/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Aged , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/diagnosis , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/etiology , Adult
14.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1393982, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863927

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is the gold standard method recommended in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Bethesda IV cytology results are identified in 7-9% of nodules investigated through FNA, with reported malignancy rate in a wide range of 10-40%. The recommended treatment is either surgical or risk additional molecular testing before surgery. However, a large number of nodules belonging to this category (60-80%) are observed to be benign after surgical excision, which can put the patient at risk of unnecessary surgical morbidity. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic performance of conventional ultrasound, the ACR TI-RADS score and elastography in cases of Bethesda IV cytology on FNA. Methods: We evaluated ninety-seven consecutive cases with Bethesda category IV results on FNA by using conventional B-mode ultrasound, qualitative strain or shear-wave elastography (Hitachi Preirus Machine, Hitachi Inc., Japan and Aixplorer Mach 30 Supersonic Imagine, Aix-en-Provence, France) and all nodules were classified according to the ACR TI-RADS system. Conventional ultrasound was used to categorize the nodules as potentially malignant based on the following features: hypoechogenicity, inhomogeneity, a taller than wide shape, irregular margins, presence of microcalcifications, an interrupted thyroid capsule and suspicious cervical lymph nodes. Elastography classified nodules with increased stiffness as suspicious for malignancy. Results: We considered pathology results as the gold standard diagnosis, finding that 32 out of 97 nodules were carcinomas (33%) and 65 out of 97 were benign nodules (67%). The benign group included twenty cases of non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). Finally, we compared ultrasound data with pathology results, which showed that nineteen out of the 32 malignant nodules presented with increased stiffness on elastography (p=0.0002). On conventional ultrasound, we found that microcalcifications (p=0.007), hypoechogenicity and irregular margins (p=0.006) are features which can distinguish between benign and malignant nodules with statistical significance. Discussion: Integrating elastography as a parameter of the ACR TI-RADS score in the evaluation of Bethesda category IV nodules showed a sensitivity of 90.62% in detecting thyroid cancer cases (p=0.006). We can conclude that elastographic stiffness as an addition to high risk features observed on conventional ultrasound improves the detection of malignant nodules in cases with Bethesda IV cytology.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Humans , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Nodule/pathology , Female , Male , Middle Aged , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Adult , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Aged , Young Adult , Ultrasonography/methods
15.
Aging Male ; 27(1): 2363267, 2024 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38867423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the practical value of the transrectal two-dimensional shear-wave elastography (SWE) in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: Consecutive male participants with and without BPH constituted the BPH and control group respectively were enrolled prospectively between March and December 2022. Transrectal conventional ultrasound and SWE examinations for the prostate were performed on these participants. Data of quantitative stiffness of the transitional zone (TZ) and peripheral zone (PZ) of prostate, volume of prostate (VP) and volume of TZ (VTZ) and prostate specific androgen (PSA), etc., were collected. Linear regression analyses were used to investigate the associations between quantitative stiffness data and other clinical parameters. RESULTS: There were 200 participants evaluated, including 100 healthy participants and 100 BPH patients. For every one-year increment in age, it was correlated with 0.50 kPa increasement of TZ stiffness. VP and VTZ were correlated with TZ stiffness. Higher TZ stiffness was associated with higher free prostate specific antigen (PSA) and total PSA. CONCLUSIONS: The prostate is stiffer and larger in BPH group compared to control group. Quantitative stiffness of the TZ was related with age, VP, VTZ and PSA.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Aged , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Case-Control Studies , Prostate/diagnostic imaging , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood
16.
Neuroimage ; 295: 120662, 2024 Jul 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823503

ABSTRACT

Understanding the physiological processes in aging and how neurodegenerative disorders affect cognitive function is a high priority for advancing human health. One specific area of recently enabled research is the in vivo biomechanical state of the brain. This study utilized reverberant optical coherence elastography, a high-resolution elasticity imaging method, to investigate stiffness changes during the sleep/wake cycle, aging, and Alzheimer's disease in murine models. Four-dimensional scans of 44 wildtype mice, 13 mice with deletion of aquaporin-4 water channel, and 12 mice with Alzheimer-related pathology (APP/PS1) demonstrated that (1) cortical tissue became softer (on the order of a 10% decrease in shear wave speed) when young wildtype mice transitioned from wake to anesthetized, yet this effect was lost in aging and with mice overexpressing amyloid-ß or lacking the water channel AQP4. (2) Cortical stiffness increased with age in all mice lines, but wildtype mice exhibited the most prominent changes as a function of aging. The study provides novel insight into the brain's biomechanics, the constraints of fluid flow, and how the state of brain activity affects basic properties of cortical tissues.


Subject(s)
Aging , Alzheimer Disease , Brain , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Sleep , Animals , Alzheimer Disease/diagnostic imaging , Alzheimer Disease/physiopathology , Aging/physiology , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Mice , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Brain/physiopathology , Sleep/physiology , Wakefulness/physiology , Mice, Transgenic , Aquaporin 4/metabolism , Aquaporin 4/genetics , Male , Mice, Inbred C57BL
17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12605, 2024 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824246

ABSTRACT

The diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound combined with ultrasound elastography for benign and malignant thyroid nodules is still controversial, so we used meta-analysis to seek controversial answers. The PubMed, OVID, and CNKI databases were searched according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The literature was selected from the establishment of each database to February 2024. The QUADAS-2 tool assessed diagnostic test accuracy. SROC curves and Spearman's correlation coefficient were made by Review Manager 5.4 software to assess the presence of threshold effects in the literature. Meta-Disc1.4 software was used for Cochrane-Q and χ2 tests, which be used to evaluate heterogeneity, with P-values and I2 indicating heterogeneity levels. The appropriate effect model was selected based on the results of the heterogeneity test. Stata18.0 software was used to evaluate publication bias. The diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound combined with ultrasound elastography for benign and malignant thyroid nodules was evaluated by calculating the combined sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, DOR, and area under the SROC curve. A total of 31 studies included 3811 patients with 4718 nodules were analyzed. There is no heterogeneity caused by the threshold effect, but there is significant non-threshold heterogeneity. Combined diagnostic metrics were: sensitivity = 0.93, specificity = 0.91, DOR = 168.41, positive likelihood ratio = 10.60, and negative likelihood ratio = 0.07. The SROC curve area was 0.97. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound and elastography show high diagnostic accuracy for thyroid nodules, offering a solid foundation for early diagnosis and treatment.Trial registration. CRD42024509462.


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography , Humans , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Nodule/pathology , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Ultrasonography/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis
19.
Tuberk Toraks ; 72(2): 95-106, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38869201

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Ultrasound elastography (US-E) is a novel, tissue stiffness-sensitive imaging method. We aimed to investigate whether lung ultrasound (US) and US-E can play a role in diagnosing interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) in which lung elasticity is affected due to fibrosis. Materials and Methods: A prospective cohort study. Patients with ILD were defined as ''ILD group'' and with other pulmonary diseases as ''control group". All subjects were examined and compared by lung US in B and elastography modes. Besides, the relationship between ultrasonography and high-resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) and chest X-ray findings was evaluated. Result: A total of 109 patients, 55 in ILD and 54 in the control group, with a mean age of 62 ± 14 years, were included. A positive correlation was found between the Warrick score (calculated from HRCT to determine the severity of ILD) and the number of B-lines (discrete vertical reverberation artifacts, indicating interstitial lung syndrome) in lung US (p= 0.001, r= 0.550) in the ILD group. In US-E, blue color (meaning more rigid tissue) dominated in the ILD group, and green color (indicating medium tissue stiffness) dominated in the control group (p= 0.001). Lung US diagnosed the ILD with 69% accuracy, 80% sensitivity, and 60% specificity compared to HRCT. Combined with chest X-ray, diagnostic accuracy was 74%, sensitivity 60%, and specificity 89%. Conclusions: Although lung US and US-E are not superior to gold standard HRCT in diagnosing ILDs, they can still be accepted as promising, novel, noninvasive tools, especially when combined with chest X-rays. Their role still needs to be clarified with further studies.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Lung , Humans , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Female , Male , Prospective Studies , Aged , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Ultrasonography/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Case-Control Studies
20.
Endocr Regul ; 58(1): 129-137, 2024 Jan 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861538

ABSTRACT

Objective. The intend of the present study was to assess the diagnostic performance of strain elastography in investigating the thyroid nodule malignancy taking the surgical biopsy as a gold standard reference test. Methods. The study included 120 patients with 123 thyroid nodules, of which 67 had total thyroidectomy. The American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data Systems (ACR-TIRADS) were evaluated for all nodules. All suspicious nodules were referred for a fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) if they fulfilled the required size. Strain elastography was performed for each suspicious nodule. Ultrasound-guided FNAC was performed for all suspicious nodules. Total thyroidectomy was performed in those whom the suspicious nodules were proven by FNAC. Results. Strain ratio had a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and diagnostic accuracy of 84%, 81%, 95%, 85%, and 84%, respectively, with a cut point 1.96. Elasticity score had a sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and diagnostic accuracy of 100%, 80%, 95%, 85% and 87%, respectively, with a cut point 0.96. The elasticity score had a statistically significantly odds ratio for detecting the benignity 3.9 C. I (1.6-9.3). Conclusion. Strain elastography has a high diagnostic performance in detecting the malignant as well as benign nodules, thus it can limit the rate of unneeded FNAC or surgery especially among B3 and B4 groups with indeterminate cytology.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Humans , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Adult , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Thyroid Nodule/pathology , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Nodule/diagnosis , Thyroid Nodule/surgery , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Aged , Thyroid Gland/pathology , Thyroid Gland/diagnostic imaging , Thyroidectomy , Image-Guided Biopsy/methods , Young Adult , Predictive Value of Tests , Cytology
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