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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366891

ABSTRACT

Aim: to evaluate the internet searches for Invisalign® in Brazil and worldwide between 2018 and 2021, using the Google Trends tool. Methods: An infodemiological study was carried out. The relative search volume (RSV) for the term "invisalign" in Google platform was retrieved for each year of study, both in Brazil and worldwide, using a standard procedure. Results and Conclusion: Both in Brazil and worldwide, there was a statistically significant increase in RSV between 2018 and 2021 (all p <0.05), indicating progressively more interest in Invisalign® clear aligner on the internet.


Objetivo: avaliar as buscas na internet por Invisalign® no Brasil e no mundo entre 2018 e 2021, utilizando a ferramenta Google Trends. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo infodemiológico. O volume relativo de busca (RSV) para o termo "invisalign" na plataforma Google foi recuperado para cada ano de estudo, tanto no Brasil quanto no mundo, utilizando um procedimento padrão. Resultados e Conclusão: Tanto no Brasil quanto no mundo, houve um aumento estatisticamente significativo do RSV entre 2018 e 2021 (todos p <0.05), indicando progressivamente mais interesse pelo alinhador transparente Invisalign® na internet.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontics , Epidemiology
2.
San Salvador; MINSAL; jun. 04, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1371513

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 20/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 20/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Infections , Surveillance , Notification , El Salvador
3.
San Salvador; MINSAL; jun. 08, 2022. 22 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1372436

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 21/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 21/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Infections , Viruses , Surveillance , Notification
4.
San Salvador; MINSAL; jun. 15, 2022. 22 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1372438

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 22/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 22/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Infections , Viruses , Alert , Notification
5.
Article in English | IBECS | ID: ibc-203502

ABSTRACT

Introduction: SARS-CoV-2variants of concern (VOC) have been described in the UK (B.1.1.7), South Africa (B.1.351) and Brazil (P.1). Among them, the most scarce information has been obtained from the P.1 variant and more data on its global presence and about its spreading dynamics are needed.Methods: Whole genome sequencing was performed prospectively on travellers arriving from Brazil and on a random selection of SARS-CoV-2 positive cases from our population.Results: In this study we report the first SARS-CoV-2 P.1 and P.2 variants exported from Brazil to Spain. The case infected with the P.1 variant, who had only stayed in Rio de Janeiro, required hospitalisation. The two P.2 cases remained asymptomatic. A wider distribution for P.1 variant beyond the Brazilian Amazonia should be considered. The exportation of the P.2 variant, carrying the E484K mutation, deserves attention. One month after the first description of P.1 and P.2 importations from Brazil to Madrid, these variants were identified circulating in the community, in cases without a travel history, and involved in household transmissionsConclusion: Whole genome sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 positive travellers arriving from Brazil allowed us to identify the first importations of P.1 and P.2 variants to Spain and their early community transmission.


Introducción: Se han descrito «variantes de preocupación» (VOC) de SARS-CoV-2 en el Reino Unido (B.1.1.7), Sudáfrica (B.1.351) y Brasil (P.1). Entre ellas, se dispone de información más escasa para la variante P.1 y se necesitan más datos sobre su presencia global y sobre su dinámica de expansión.Métodos: Se realizó secuenciación del genoma completo de forma prospectiva de SARS-CoV-2 en viajeros procedentes de Brasil y en una selección aleatoria de casos positivos de SARS-CoV-2 de nuestra población.Resultados: En este estudio reportamos las primeras variantes de SARS-CoV-2 P.1 y P.2 exportadas desde Brasil a España. El caso infectado por la variante P.1, que solo había permanecido en Río de Janeiro, requirió hospitalización. Los 2 casos de la variante P.2 permanecieron asintomáticos. Se debe considerar una distribución más amplia para la variante P.1 más allá de la Amazonía brasileña. La exportación de la variante P.2, que porta la mutación E484K, merece asimismo atención adicional. Un mes después de la primera descripción de las importaciones de P.1 y P.2 de Brasil a Madrid, se identificaron estas variantes circulando en la comunidad, en casos sin antecedentes de viaje, e implicadas en transmisiones domiciliarias.Conclusión: La secuenciación de genoma completo de viajeros positivos para SARS-CoV-2 procedentes de Brasil nos permitió identificar las primeras importaciones de variantes P.1 y P.2 a España y su transmisión comunitaria precoz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Sciences , Brazil/epidemiology , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus/genetics , Whole Genome Sequencing , Sanitary Control of Travelers , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases
6.
Hum Resour Health ; 20(1): 40, 2022 05 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549712

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The 2014-2016 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa revealed weaknesses in the health systems of the three most heavily affected countries, including a shortage of public health professionals at the local level trained in surveillance and outbreak investigation. In response, the Frontline Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) was created by CDC in 2015 as a 3-month, accelerated training program in field epidemiology that specifically targets the district level. In Guinea, the first two FETP-Frontline cohorts were held from January to May, and from June to September 2017. Here, we report the results of a cross-sectional evaluation of these first two cohorts of FETP-Frontline in Guinea. METHODS: The evaluation was conducted in April 2018 and consisted of interviews with graduates, their supervisors, and directors of nearby health facilities, as well as direct observation of data reports and surveillance tools at health facilities. Interviews and site visits were conducted using standardized questionnaires and checklists. Qualitative data were coded under common themes and analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: The evaluation revealed a significant perception of improvement in all assessed skills by the graduates, as well as high levels of self-reported involvement in key activities related to data collection, analysis, and reporting. Supervisors highlighted improvements to systematic and quality case and summary reporting as key benefits of the FETP-Frontline program. At the health facility level, staff reported the training had resulted in improvements to information sharing and case notifications. Reported barriers included lack of transportation, available support personnel, and other resources. Graduates and supervisors both emphasized the importance of continued and additional training to solidify and retain skills. CONCLUSIONS: The evaluation demonstrated a strongly positive perceived benefit of the FETP-Frontline training on the professional activities of graduates as well as the overall surveillance system. However, efforts are needed to ensure greater gender equity and to recruit more junior trainee candidates for future cohorts. Moreover, although improvements to the surveillance system were observed concurrent with the completion of the two cohorts, the evaluation was not designed to directly measure impact on surveillance or response functions. Combined with the rapid implementation of FETP-Frontline around the world, this suggests an opportunity to develop standardized evaluation toolkits, which could incorporate metrics that would directly assess the impact of equitable field epidemiology workforce development on countries' abilities to prevent, detect, and respond to public health threats.


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Public Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control , Epidemiology/education , Guinea , Humans , Program Evaluation , Public Health/education , Workforce
7.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2022-05-24. (OPS/NMH/NV/22-0008).
in Spanish | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-56037

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades no transmisibles y sus factores de riesgo son las principales causas de mortalidad, morbilidad y discapacidad en la Región de las Américas, y representan tanto un desafío para la salud pública como una amenaza grave para el desarrollo social y económico. En las Américas, las enfermedades no transmisibles (ENT) causan aproximadamente 5,8 millones de muertes al año, lo que representa 81% de todas las muertes de la Región. Del total de muertes por ENT, 36,4% tienen lugar en personas menores de 70 años. Este cuadro de resultados ha sido elaborado por la Organización Panamericana de la Salud con objeto de destacar la capacidad de los países frente a las ENT y de mostrar los resultados regionales del monitoreo del progreso mundial en materia de ENT correspondiente al 2022. La herramienta proporciona una visión rápida de los indicadores clave en todos los países de la Región. Esta es la tercera edición de una serie iniciada en el 2017 con el propósito de promover la comprensión de la repuesta a las ENT y contribuir a la toma de decisiones para la mejora del programa de ENT.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Noncommunicable Diseases , Risk Factors , Epidemiology , Health Status Indicators
8.
Article in Spanish | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-55969

ABSTRACT

[Introducción] “Andar la salud” es un boletín elaborado en la Oficina de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud/Organización Mundial de la Salud (OPS/OMS) en Cuba. Su propósito fundamental es compartir lo más relevante de la cooperación técnica de esta Representación con el Ministerio de Salud Pública (MINSAP) y otras instituciones y organismos en el país. Desde que comenzó la pandemia provocada por el SARS-CoV-2 en la isla, esta publicación se ha dedicado, fundamentalmente, a compilar y dar a conocer aspectos destacados de la respuesta en el territorio nacional. Sin embargo, en el presente número, la mayoría de los artículos recoge un balance de los resultados de la colaboración en las diferentes áreas técnicas entre 2020 y 2021. De tal forma, aunque se hace referencia a lo relacionado con el enfrentamiento a la COVID-19, también se reflejan esfuerzos encaminados a otros programas y prioridades dentro del sector sanitario. De igual forma, es posible leer una entrevista con la investigadora Marta Ayala Ávila, así como trabajo dedicados a la labor de médicos rurales cubanos y de la Unidad Nacional de Promoción de Salud y Prevención de Enfermedades (PROSALUD).


Subject(s)
Vaccination , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Epidemiology , Health Promotion , Communicable Diseases , Immunization , Mental Health , Technical Cooperation , Health Systems
9.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(5): 755-760, 2022 May 10.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589584

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the research focus on determinants of chronic non-communicable diseases has shifted from non-spatial factors (e.g., lifestyle behaviors) to spatial factors (e.g., natural and built environments). As the intersection of lifecourse epidemiology and spatial epidemiology, spatial lifecourse epidemiology is a research area in the field of health geography. It combines advanced spatial technologies, including geographic information systems, surveying, remote sensing, location-based services and artificial intelligence, to accurately retrace, measure, and simulate individuals' exposures across the life course (i.e., exposome); and adopts lifecourse models, including the accumulation of risk model and critical/sensitive period models, to investigate the impact of individuals' exposures in the past on their health status at different stages of life. This paper introduces the theories, main analysis approaches and focus of spatial lifecourse epidemiology in the research of chronic non-communicable diseases for the purpose of better understanding and applications of spatial lifecourse epidemiology in the research of determinants of chronic non-communicable diseases, providing important reference for future research, facilitating the development of health geography to eventually achieve precise health management over the lifecourse.


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Noncommunicable Diseases , Artificial Intelligence , Forecasting , Geography , Health Status , Humans , Noncommunicable Diseases/epidemiology
10.
San Salvador; MINSAL; may. 16, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1369589

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 17/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda.


Summary of notification events until SE 17/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Surveillance , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification , Infections
11.
San Salvador; MINSAL; may. 17, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1369592

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 18/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 18/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Infections , Viruses , Alert , Notification
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 73-78, maio 05,2022. fig, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370699

ABSTRACT

Introduction: envenomation and deaths by bee stings have increased in all regions of Brazil. However, there are few epidemiological studies on them, especially in the states of northeastern Brazil. Objective: to determine the epidemiological characteristics of bee stings in the state of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil, from 2010 to 2019. Methodology: this is a descriptive and analytical epidemiological study conducted through a retrospective survey of secondary data provided by the database of the Notifiable Diseases Information System of the Ministry of Health. Results: between 2010 and 2019, a total of 7,979 cases were analyzed. Incidents were distributed in 356 municipalities, with the highest frequency in the regions of Agreste and Sertão da Bahia. Cases occurred in all months of the investigated years, with a greater occurrence in urban areas, affecting mainly adult men. The anatomical region of the body most affected by the sting was the head and most cases received medical care within 3 hours after the incident. Local manifestations were more frequent than systemic ones. The injuries were predominantly classified as mild and progressed to cure. Conclusions: the high number of cases and their extensive spatial distribution reveal that bee stings may be considered an emerging and neglected public health problem in the state of Bahia.


Introdução: os acidentes e os óbitos causados por picada de abelha têm aumentado em todas as regiões do Brasil. Contudo, existem poucos estudos epidemiológicos sobre acidentes com abelha, principalmente nos estados do Nordeste do Brasil. Objetivo:determinar as características epidemiológicas do acidente por picada de abelha no estado da Bahia, Nordeste do Brasil, de 2010 a 2019. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico descritivo e analítico realizado por meio de uma pesquisa retrospectiva de dados secundários disponibilizados pelo banco de dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação do Ministério da Saúde. Resultados: entre 2010 e 2019, um total de 7.979 casos foi analisado. Os acidentes foram distribuídos em 356 municípios, com a maior frequência nas regiões do Agreste e do Sertão da Bahia. Os casos ocorreram em todos os meses dos anos investigados, com maior ocorrência em áreas urbanas, afetando principalmente homens adultos. A região anatômica do corpo mais atingida pela picada foi a cabeça e a maioria dos casos recebeu assistência médica até 3 horas após o incidente. As manifestações locais foram mais frequentes do que as sistêmicas. Os agravos foram predominantemente classificados como leve e progrediram para a cura. Conclusões: o elevado número de casos e a sua extensa distribuição espacial revelam que o acidente causado por picada de abelha pode ser considerado um emergente negligenciado problema de saúde pública no estado da Bahia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Poisoning , Bees , Public Health , Epidemiology , Analytical Methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive
13.
San Salvador; MINSAL; may. 26, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1371509

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 19/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 19/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Infections , Surveillance , Notification , El Salvador
14.
An. sist. sanit. Navar ; 45(1): e0979, enero-abril 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-202912

ABSTRACT

Fundamento. El ictus es la segunda causa de muerte y la primera causa de discapacidad en Europa. El número de pacientes con ictus muestra una tendencia de crecimiento rápido debido al aumento de la población anciana. El objetivo de este metaanálisis es estimar la prevalencia e incidencia de ictus en Europa. Método. Se buscaron artículos en las bases de datos MEDLINE, SCOPUS, CINAHL Complete y EMBASE con los términos “stroke”, “cerebrovascular accident” combinadas con “epidemiology”, “prevalence”, “incidence” y “Europe”. La calidad y el riesgo de sesgo se analizó con las escalas Hoy modificada y Newcastle Ottawa para los artículos de prevalencia e incidencia, respectivamente. El metaanálisis utilizó un modelo de efectos aleatorios con intervalos de confianza del 95% (IC95%) y el estadístico I2 para estimar la heterogeneidad. Resultados. La prevalencia de ictus en Europa ajustada por sexo fue 9,2% (IC95%: 4,4-14,0); en hombres fue 9,1% (IC95%: 4,7-16,6) y en mujeres 9,2% (IC95%: 4,1-14,4); se encontró una tendencia creciente con el aumento de la edad. La incidencia de ictus ajustada por sexo fue 191,9 por 100.000 personas-año (IC95%: 156,4-227,3); en hombres fue de 195,7 por 100.000 personas-año (IC95%: 142,4-249,0) y en mujeres 188,1 por 100.000 personas-año (IC95%: 138,6-237,7), con igual tendencia creciente con el aumento de la edad. Conclusiones. La prevalencia de ictus en Europa alcanza un 9,2%. La incidencia se sitúa en 191,9 por 100.000 personas-año. La prevalencia de ictus ha aumentado mientras que la incidencia se mantiene estable en comparación con estudios realizados a comienzos del siglo XXI.(AU)


Background. Stroke is the second cause of death and the first cause of disability in Europe. The number of stroke patients shows a rapidly increasing due to the increase in the elderly population. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the prevalence and incidence of stroke in Europe. Method. We conducted a literature search in MEDLINE, SCOPUS, CINAHL Complete and EMBASE, using the keywords “stroke”, “cerebrovascular accident”, “epidemiology”, “prevalence”, “incidence” and “Europe”. In order to evaluate the quality and risk of bias, we used the Hoy’s modified scale for prevalence studies and the Newcastle Ottawa Scale for incidence studies. A random effects model with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) was used for the meta-analysis. The I2 statistic was applied to assess heterogeneity. Results. The prevalence of stroke in Europe adjusted for sex was estimated at 9.2% (95%CI: 4.4-14.0). The prevalence was 9.1% (95%CI: 4.7-13.6) in men and 9.2% (95%CI: 4.1-14.4) in women, and increased with age. The incidence of stroke in Europe adjusted for sex was 191.9 per 100,000 person-years (95%CI: 156.4-227.3); it was 195.7 per 100,000 person-years (95%CI: 142.4-249.0) in men and 188.1 per 100,000 person-years (95%CI: 138.6-237.7) in women. Again, these rates increased with age. Conclusion. The prevalence of stroke in Europe is 9.2%. The incidence of stroke in Europe is 191.9 per 100000 person-years. The prevalence of stroke has increased, whereas the incidence of stroke is stable in comparison with studies conducted at the beginning of the 21st century.(AU)


Subject(s)
Health Sciences , Stroke , Death , Disability Studies , Epidemiology
15.
An. sist. sanit. Navar ; 45(1): e0981, enero-abril 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-202914

ABSTRACT

La leishmaniasis es endémica en países de la cuenca mediterránea. En el presente estudio se revisa la información disponible sobre la leishmaniasis en Navarra y en regiones limítrofes en el periodo 1976-2018, y se aporta una visión general de la situación de esta enfermedad a nivel nacional, desde el vector hasta el hombre. La tasa de incidencia de leishmaniasis disminuyó en Aragón entre 2008 y 2018 respecto a la década anterior, mientras que en Navarra y La Rioja casi se duplicaron los casos por 100.000 habitantes; el País Vasco también presentó un aumento en la incidencia. El incremento de casos a nivel nacional ha sido significativo desde 2015, en parte debido a la inclusión de la leishmaniasis como enfermedad de declaración obligatoria. Si bien su incidencia en humanos no parece preocupante, la leishmaniasis es hoy una realidad en España, por lo que es necesario vigilar globalmente su evolución.(AU)


Leishmaniasis is endemic in countries of the Mediterranean area. In this study, the information available on leishmaniasis in Navarra in the period 1976-2018 and in the bordering regions was collected, along with an overview of the situation of this disease at the national level, from the vector to humans. Aragón exhibited a lower incidence rate in the last ten years (2008-2018) compared to the previous decade, while Navarra and La Rioja have almost doubled the number of cases per 100,000 inhabitants and, likewise, incidence in the Basque Country has also increased. At the national level, since 2015, such an increase has become significant due to the inclusion of human leishmaniasis as a mandatory notifiable disease. Currently in Spain, although the incidence of human leishmaniasis is not a situation of high concern, it is however a reality. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor its evolution.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Sciences , Leishmaniasis , Endemic Diseases , Epidemiology , Spain
16.
Enferm. infecc. microbiol. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 40(4): 1-9, Abril, 2022. graf, tab
Article in English | IBECS | ID: ibc-203485

ABSTRACT

La tosferina es una infección respiratoria inmunoprevenible altamente contagiosa, con alta morbilidad y mortalidad, y que afecta con especial gravedad a recién nacidos y lactantes menores de 2 meses. Las primeras vacunas comenzaron a emplearse en la década de los 40. Sin embargo, desde 1980 la incidencia de casos ha aumentado a pesar de los amplios programas de vacunación y tratamientos antibióticos adyuvantes disponibles. El cambio del uso de vacunas celulares a vacunas acelulares, y las modificaciones antigénicas de B. pertussis han podido contribuir entre otros factores a la disminución de la inmunidad adquirida tras la vacunación y a la reemergencia de la enfermedad. En la actualidad, todavía existen necesidades no cubiertas por las medidas convencionales de prevención y los tratamientos antibióticos existentes. Esta revisión pretende actualizar los datos disponibles y plantear qué estrategias vacunales pueden contribuir a un mejor control y prevención global de la enfermedad.


Pertussis is a highly contagious, vaccine-preventable respiratory tract infection, with high morbidity and mortality and a particularly severe effect on newborns and infants under 2 months. The first pertussis vaccines were introduced in the 1940s. Since 1980, however, the incidence of cases has risen despite the extensive vaccination programmes and antibiotic adjuvant treatments available. Transition from the use of whole-cell vaccines to acellular vaccines and the antigenic modifications of Bordetella pertussis have contributed, among other factors, to a reduction in vaccine-acquired immunity and reemergence of the disease. Today, there are still unmet needs not covered by conventional prevention measures and existing antibiotic treatments. This review aims to update the available data, and to discuss which vaccine strategies might contribute to better disease control and prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Sciences , Whooping Cough , Spain , Epidemiology , Vaccination , Bacterial Infections , Bordetella pertussis , Microbiology , Communicable Diseases , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Infant
17.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 29, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1368064

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 16/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 16/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Surveillance , Notification , Infections
18.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 21, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1366963

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 12/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 12/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Surveillance , Electronic Publications , Infections , Alert , Notification , El Salvador
19.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 21, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1366966

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 13/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 13/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Viruses , Epidemiology , Surveillance , Electronic Publications , Alert , Notification , El Salvador
20.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 21, 2022. 4 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1366980

ABSTRACT

Informe que presenta la situación epidemiológica El Salvador al 18 de abril de 2022 (Datos preliminares) Principales causas de consulta, acumuladas desde el 11 de abril a la fecha, años 2021 ­ 2022 Total consultas, emergencias y referencias, Semana Santa El Salvador 2020 ­ 2021 Informe de COVID-19 I. Contexto mundial de COVID -19 II. Contexto Centroamérica y República Dominicana III. Situación Nacional, Programación semanal de tamizajes comunitarios, semana santa 2022 Recursos Humanos a disposición para este periodo del sistema integrado de salud


Report presenting the epidemiological situation of El Salvador as of April 18, 2022 (Preliminary data) Main causes of consultation, accumulated from April 11 to date, years 2021 - 2022 Total queries, emergencies and referrals, Easter El Salvador 2020 ­ 2021 COVID-19 Report I. Global Context of COVID -19 II. Context Central America and the Dominican Republic III. National Situation, Weekly programming of community screening, Holy Week 2022 Human resources available for this period of the integrated health system


Subject(s)
Health , Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Holidays , Infections , Mass Screening , El Salvador , Preliminary Data
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