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1.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 48(2): 85-91, Feb. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | IBECS | ID: ibc-229320

ABSTRACT

Objective As calculated by the severity scores, an unknown number of patients are admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) with a very high risk of death. Clinical studies have poorly addressed this population, and their prognosis is largely unknown. Design Post hoc analysis of a multicenter, cohort, longitudinal, observational, retrospective study (CIMbA). Setting Sixteen Portuguese multipurpose ICUs. Patients Patients with a Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) predicted hospital mortality above 80% on admission to the ICU (high-risk group); A comparison with the remaining patients was obtained. Interventions None. Main Variables of Interest Hospital, 30 days, 1 year mortality. Results We identified 4546 patients (59.9% male), 12.2% of the whole population. Their SAPS II predicted hospital mortality was 89.0±5.8%, whilst the observed mortality was lower, 61.0%. This group had higher mortality, both during the first 30 days (aHR 3.52 [95% CI 3.34–3.71]) and from day 31 to day 365 after ICU admission (aHR 1.14 [95%CI 1.04–1.26]), respectively. However, their hospital standardized mortality ratio was similar to the other patients (0.69 vs. 0.69, P=.92). At one year of follow-up, 30% of patients in the high-risk group were alive. Conclusions Roughly 12% of patients admitted to the ICU for more than 24h had a SAPS II score predicted mortality above 80%. Their hospital standardized mortality was similar to the less severe population and 30% were alive after one year of follow-up. (AU)


Objetivo Según las escalas de gravedad, un número indeterminado de pacientes ingresan en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) con riesgo de muerte muy elevado. Este grupo ha sido poco abordado en los estudios clínicos y se desconoce en gran medida su pronóstico. Diseño Análisis post-hoc de estudio multicéntrico, de cohortes, longitudinal, observacional y retrospectivo (CIMbA). Âmbito Dieciséis UCI polivalentes portuguesas. Pacientes Pacientes con mortalidad hospitalaria prevista en el Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II) superior al 80% nel ingreso en la UCI (grupo de alto riesgo); se compararon con los restantes. Intervenciones Ninguna. Variables de interés principals Mortalidad hospitalaria, a 30 días y 1 año. Resultados Se identificaron 4546 pacientes (59.9% hombres), 12.2% da población. La mortalidad hospitalaria estimada por lo SAPS II fue de 89.0±5.8%, aunque la observada fue inferior, 61.0%. Este grupo presentó mayor mortalidad, tanto durante los primeros 30 días (aHR 3.52 [IC 95%: 3.34–3.71]) y desde el día 31 hasta el día 365 después del ingreso en UCI (aHR 1.14 [IC 95%: 1.04–1.26]). Sin embargo, su índice de mortalidad hospitalaria estandarizada fue similar a los otros pacientes (0.69 vs. 0.69; P=.92). Al primer año de seguimiento, 30% de los pacientes de alto riesgo estaban vivos. ConclusionesAproximadamente 12% de los pacientes ingresados en la UCI durante más de 24 horas tenían una mortalidad prevista por SAPS II superior al 80%. Su mortalidad hospitalaria estandarizada fue similar a la de la población menos grave y el 30% estaban vivos después de un año de seguimiento. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Mortality , Risk Assessment , Aftercare/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Retrospective Studies , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Portugal/epidemiology
2.
Article in English | IBECS | ID: ibc-229217

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To study the genomic epidemiology of Streptococcus pyogenes causing bloodstream infections (GAS-BSI) in a Spanish tertiary hospital during the United Kingdom invasive S. pyogenes outbreak alert. Methods: Retrospective epidemiological analysis of GAS-BSI during the January–May 2017–2023 period. WGS was performed using Ion torrent GeneStudio™ S5 system for emm typing and identification of superantigen genes in S. pyogenes isolated during the 2022–2023 UK outbreak alert. Results: During 2023, there were more cases of GAS-BSI compared to the same period of previous year with a non-significant increase in children. Fourteen isolates were sequenced. The emm1 (6/14, 42.9%) and emm12 (2/14, 14.3%) types predominated; 5 of 6 (75%) emm1 isolates were from the M1UK clone. The most detected superantigen genes were speG (12/14, 85.7%), speC (10/14, 71.4%), speJ (7/14, 50%), and speA (5/15, 33.3%). speA and speJ were predominant in M1UK clone. Conclusions: Our genomic epidemiology in 2023 is similar to the reported data from the UK outbreak alert in the same period and different from previous national S. pyogenes surveillance reports.(AU)


Objetivos: Estudiar la epidemiología genómica de aislados de Streptococcus pyogenes causantes de bacteriemia (GAS-BSI) en un hospital de tercer nivel español durante la alerta por incremento de infecciones invasivas por S. pyogenes en el Reino Unido. Métodos: Análisis epidemiológico retrospectivo de GAS-BSI durante el periodo enero-mayo 2017-2023. Se realizó una secuenciación de genoma completo con el sistema Ion torrent GeneStudio™ S5 de los aislados obtenidos durante la alerta de brote del Reino Unido 2022-2023 para tipificación emm e identificación de genes de superantígenos. Resultados: Durante el periodo enero-mayo de 2023 hubo más casos de GAS-BSI que en el mismo periodo de años anteriores con un aumento no significativo en niños. Se secuenciaron 14 aislados. Predominaron los tipos emm1 (6/14, 42,9%) y emm12 (2/14, 14,3%); 5 de 6 (75%) aislados emm1 eran del clon M1UK. Los genes de superantígenos más detectados fueron speG (12/14, 85,7%), speC (10/14, 71,4%), speJ (7/14, 50%) y speA (5/15, 33,3%). Los genes speA y speJ predominaron en el clon M1UK. Conclusiones: Nuestra epidemiología genómica de Streptococcus pyogenes causantes de bacteriemia en 2023 es similar a los datos comunicados por el Reino Unido durante el mismo periodo y diferente de los informes nacionales previos de vigilancia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Streptococcus pyogenes , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Bacteremia , Whole Genome Sequencing , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Microbiological Techniques , Spain/epidemiology , United Kingdom , Retrospective Studies
3.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: 12107, jan.-dez. 2024. tab, mapas
Article in English, Portuguese | BDENF - Nursing, LILACS | ID: biblio-1526011

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:analisar a distribuição espacial e temporal da mortalidade neonatal e fatores associados no Piauí de 2007 a 2017. Método: foi utilizado o método Joinpoint, estatística bayesiana e a técnica de varredura Scan. A análise multivariada dos indicadores foi realizada através do modelo Ordinary Least Squares Estimation, considerando-se p<0,05. Resultados: a mortalidade neonatal reduziu de forma linear e significativa ao longo do período estudado. As maiores taxas bayesianas variaram de 16,34 a 18,38 óbitos por 1.000 nascidos vivos, especialmente no Sudeste piauiense. Houve associação negativa entre a mortalidade neonatal e as variáveis: Taxa de analfabetismo (ß = -0,60; p= 0,027), Cobertura da Estratégia Saúde da Família (ß = -2,80; p= 0,023) e Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal (ß = -0,60; p= 0,003). Conclusão: a mortalidade neonatal segue decrescente e sua distribuição no território mostrou-se irregular. Indicadores socioeconômicos e de saúde influenciam a mortalidade neonatal no Piauí


Objective: to analyze the spatial and temporal distribution of neonatal mortality and associated factors in Piauí from 2007 to 2017. Method: the Joinpoint method, Bayesian statistics and the Scan technique were used. The multivariate analysis of the indicators was performed using the Ordinary Least Squares Estimation model, considering p<0.05. Results: neonatal mortality decreased linearly and significantly over the period studied. The highest Bayesian rates ranged from 16.34 to 18.38 deaths per 1,000 live births, especially in Southeast Piauí. There was a negative association between neonatal mortality and the variables: Illiteracy rate (ß = -0.60; p= 0.027), Family Health Strategy Coverage (ß = -2.80; p= 0.023) and Human Development Index Municipal (ß = -0.60; p= 0.003). Conclusion: neonatal mortality continues to decrease and its distribution in the territory proved to be irregular. Socioeconomic and health indicators influence neonatal mortality in Piauí


Objetivos: analizar la distribución espacial y temporal de la mortalidad neonatal y factores asociados en Piauí de 2007 a 2017. Método: se utilizó el método Joinpoint, la estadística bayesiana y la técnica Scan. El análisis multivariado de los indicadores se realizó mediante el modelo de Estimación por Mínimos Cuadrados Ordinarios, considerando p<0,05. Resultados: la mortalidad neonatal disminuyó lineal y significativamente durante el período estudiado. Las tasas bayesianas más altas oscilaron entre 16,34 y 18,38 muertes por 1.000 nacidos vivos, especialmente en el Sudeste de Piauí. Hubo asociación negativa entre la mortalidad neonatal y las variables: Tasa de Analfabetismo (ß = -0,60; p= 0,027), Cobertura de la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia (ß = -2,80; p= 0,023) e Índice de Desarrollo Humano Municipal (ß = -0,60; p= 0,003). Conclusión: la mortalidad neonatal continúa en descenso y su distribución en el territorio resultó ser irregular. Indicadores socioeconómicos y de salud influyen en la mortalidad neonatal en Piauí


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant Mortality , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Time Series Studies , Epidemiology
4.
Copenhagen; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; 2024.
in English | WHO IRIS | ID: who-375923

ABSTRACT

Member States of the WHO European Region share the goal of eliminating endemic transmission of measles and rubella viruses, which will also result in the elimination of congenital rubella syndrome. Significant progress has been made in the Region in recent years towards achieving and documenting interruption of endemic transmission of measles and rubella viruses. However, as evidenced by the occurrence of outbreaks, primarily of measles, the achievement of these goals at the Regional level has been delayed. It is essential that all Member States maximize efforts to achieve and maintain high vaccination coverage. In addition, the implementation of the WHO recommendations for elimination-standard surveillance for the rapid detection of outbreaks must be given the highest priority. Adherence to these surveillance standards for enhanced outbreak detection will provide the opportunity to deploy a timely and effective response to cases and outbreaks. This document provides guidance on conducting elimination-standard surveillance and how to implement a rapid and appropriate response to outbreaks of measles and rubella. The reader will gain an understanding of the necessary epidemiological and laboratory evidence that is critical for documenting the interruption of transmission and eventual elimination of these viruses through the established regional verification process.


Subject(s)
Measles , Rubella , Disease Eradication , Vaccination , Public Health Surveillance , Epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Disease Outbreaks
5.
Health sci. dis ; 25(2 suppl 1): 48-52, 2024. tables, figures
Article in French | AIM (Africa) | ID: biblio-1526746

ABSTRACT

Introduction. La tuberculose est dite multifocale (TMF) lorsqu ́il y a l ́atteinte d ́au moins deux sites extra pulmonaires non contigus associée ou non à une atteinte pulmonaire. Cette étude avait pour but d'étudier les aspects épidémiologiques, diagnostics et évolutifs de la TMF au service de pneumo-phtisiologie du CHU-RN de N'Djamena. Matériels et méthode. Il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective à visée descriptive de 5 ans allant de janvier 2018 à décembre 2022. Les variables étudiées étaient, épidémiologiques, cliniques et évolutives. Résultats. Au total, 185 patients étaient inclus sur 2001 cas de tuberculose, soit une fréquence de 9,24%. L'âge moyen était de 34,1 ans avec des extrêmes de 16 ans et 75 ans. Le sex-ratio était de 1,28. Les patients sans-emploi étaient majoritaire soit 47% des cas. La notion de contage tuberculeux représentait 13,5% des cas, et 66,5% des patients étaient vaccinés au BCG avec une séroprévalence VIH de 54,6%. Tous les signes habituels de la tuberculose étaient présents. La localisation pulmonaire était la plus représentée (66,2%) suivie de la localisation ganglionnaire (48,6%). Dans 80% des cas, la localisationétait bifocale. La mortalité était de 21,6% pour un séjour moyen d'hospitalisation de 20,26 jours. Conclusion. La tuberculose multifocale est une forme rare et grave, qui survient généralement chez les patients infectés par le VIH, mais le sujet immunocompétent peut être aussi touché. Un traitement antituberculeux doit être instauré le plus rapidement possible afind'éviter les complications


Introduction. Tuberculosisis called multifocal (TMF) when there is involvement of at least two non-contiguous extrapulmonary sites, whether or notassociated with pulmonary involvement. This study aimed to study the epidemiological, diagnostic and evolutionary aspects of FMT in the pneumo-phthisiology department of the CHU-RN of N'Djamena. Materials and method. This was a 5-year retrospective study with a descriptive aim from January 2018 to December 2022. The variables studied were epidemiological, clinical and progressive. Results. In total, 185 patients were included out of 2001 cases of tuberculosis, i.e. a frequency of 9.24%. The average age was 34.1 years with extremes of 16 and 75 years. The sex ratio was 1.28. Unemployed patients were the majority, i.e. 47% of cases. The notion of tuberculosis contagion represented 13.5% of cases, and 66.5% of patients were vaccinated with BCG with an HIV seroprevalence of 54.6%. All the usual signs of tuberculosis were present. The pulmonary location was the most represented (66.2%) followed by the lymph node location (48.6%). In 80% of cases, bifocal localization. Mortality was 21.6% for an average hospital stay of 20.26 days. Conclusion.Multifocal tuberculosis is a rare and serious form, which generally occurs in patients infected with HIV, but immunocompetent subjects can also be affected. Anti-tuberculosis treatment must be started as quickly as possible to avoid complications.


Subject(s)
Tuberculosis , Disease Progression , Tuberculosis, Extrapulmonary , Epidemiology , Diagnosis
6.
Health sci. dis ; 25(2 suppl 1): 42-47, 2024. tables, figures
Article in French | AIM (Africa) | ID: biblio-1526872

ABSTRACT

Introduction. La fréquence, la présentation et le devenir de cardiomyopathie du peripartum (CMPP) varient considérablement dans le monde. Au Niger, les données sont inexistantes d'où le but de notre étude qui était de préciser les aspects épidémiologiques, diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs de la cardiomyopathie du peripartum (CMPP). Méthodologie. Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective concernant les patientes hospitalisées pour CMPPau pôle de Cardiologie de l'Hôpital National de Niamey du 01/01/2019 au 31/12/2019. Les facteurs de risque et les aspects épidémiologiques, cliniques, paracliniques, diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs ont été étudiés. Résultats. La prévalence hospitalière de la CMPP était de 3,83%. L'âge moyen était de 27,4 ans (extrêmes de 16 et 45 ans). La multiparité a été rapportée chez 79 % des patientes contre 21% qui étaient primipares. La dyspnée était le signe le signe fonctionnel rapporté chez toutes les patientes. Les anomalies échocardiographiques les plus fréquentes étaient l'HVG (75%) et L'HAG (45,83%). L'hypocinésie était diffuse dans 100% des cas. L'altération de la fraction d'éjection du ventricule du ventricule gauche (FEVG) était moyenne dans 50%. Toutes les patientes ont ont eu comme traitement des bétabloquants, des diurétiques et des IEC. L'évolution a été favorable dans 87,5 % des cas. Les principaux facteurs pronostiques péjoratifs étaient la multiparité (79%) une fraction d'éjection du ventricule inférieure à (FEVG)


Introduction. The frequency, presentation and outcome of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PCM) vary considerably throughout the world. In Niger, data are non-existent, hence the aim of our study, which was to clarify the epidemiological, diagnostic, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects of peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). Methodology. This is a retrospective study concerning patients hospitalized for CMPPat the Cardiology pole of the National Hospital of Niamey from 01/01/2019 to 31/12/2019. Risk factors and epidemiological, clinical, paraclinical, diagnostic, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects were studied. Results. The hospital prevalence of CMPP was 3.83%. The mean age was 27.4 years (extremes 16 and 45 years). Multiparity was reported in 79% of patients versus 21% who were primiparous. Dyspnea was the functional sign reported in all patients. The most frequent echocardiographic abnormalities were LVH (75%) and GAH (45.83%). Hypokinesia was diffuse in 100% of cases. Impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was moderate in 50%. All patients were treated with beta-blockers, diuretics and ACE inhibitors. Progression was favorable in 87.5% of cases. The main pejorative prognostic factors were multiparity (79%) lower ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Peripartum Period , Cardiomyopathies , Epidemiology , Diagnosis
10.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 737-753, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424914

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar as tendências e associações relacionadas as coberturas e internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária à saúde no município de Fortaleza/Ceará/Brasil, no período de 2015 a 2021. Métodos: Estudo transversal com dados secundários (Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde, E- gestor atenção básica e o Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística). Utilizou-se o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson para as associações. Resultados: Foram registrados 176.330 internações por condições sensíveis, totalizando 8 principais, correspondendo a 78.5% do total. Obteve-se correlação inversa significativa entre a cobertura de atenção primária e internações por condições sensíveis: r=-0.86, (IC95%: -0.91/-0.61); p<0.001, bem como uma correlação moderada com cobertura de agente comunitário e internações (r=-0.59 (IC95%: -0.68/-0.54); p<0.001) Conclusão: O aumento das internações por condições sensíveis está diretamente relacionado com a cobertura da atenção primária. Além disso, enfrenta-se uma dupla carga de doenças, coexistindo as doenças infecciosas/parasitárias em concomitância com as crônicas.


Objective: To assess trends and associations related to coverage and hospitalizations for conditions sensitive to primary health care in the city of Fortaleza/Ceará/Brazil, from 2015 to 2021. Methods: Cross-sectional study with secondary data (Hospital Information System of the National Unified Health System, E- manager for primary care and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to measure associations. Results: 176,330 hospitalizations for sensitive conditions were recorded, totaling 8 main ones, corresponding to 78.5% of the total. A significant inverse correlation was obtained between primary care coverage and hospitalizations for sensitive conditions: r=-0.86, (95%CI: -0.91/-0.61); p<0.001, as well as a moderate correlation with community agent coverage and hospitalizations (r=-0.59 (95%CI: -0.68/-0.54); p<0.001) Conclusion: The increase in hospitalizations for sensitive conditions is directly associated to the primary care coverage. In addition, there is a double burden of disease, with infectious/parasitic diseases coexisting with chronic ones.


Evaluar las tendencias y asociaciones relacionadas con la cobertura y hospitalizaciones por condiciones sensibles a la atención primaria de salud en la ciudad de Fortaleza/Ceará/Brasil de 2015 a 2021. Métodos: Estudio transversal con datos secundarios (Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde, E-gestor atenção básica e Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística). Se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson para las asociaciones. Resultados: Hubo 176.330 hospitalizaciones por condiciones sensibles, totalizando 8 condiciones principales, correspondiendo a 78,5% del total. Se obtuvo una correlación inversa significativa entre la cobertura de atención primaria y las hospitalizaciones por afecciones sensibles: r=- 0,86, (IC 95%: -0,91/-0,61); p<0,001, así como una correlación moderada con la cobertura de agentes comunitarios y las hospitalizaciones (r=-0,59 (IC 95%: -0,68/-0,54); p<0,001) Conclusión: El aumento de las hospitalizaciones por afecciones sensibles está directamente relacionado con la cobertura de atención primaria. Además, se enfrenta a una doble carga de enfermedad, coexistiendo enfermedades infecciosas/parasitarias en concomitancia con enfermedades crónicas.


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions , Hospitalization , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Hospital Information Systems/statistics & numerical data , Evaluation Study
11.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e4510, 2023-12-12. tab e graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF - Nursing | ID: biblio-1523893

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil epidemiológico dos casos de intoxicação exógena no estado do Pará, entre 2012 e 2021. Métodos: Estudo quantitativo, de caráter descritivo e delineamento transversal, realizado a partir da coleta de dados no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação. Resultados: Nesse período, foram registrados 5.803 casos de intoxicação exógena no Pará. Houve predominância no sexo feminino (56,92%), faixa etária de 20 a 39 anos (39,10%) e cor/raça parda (74,93%). Sobressaíram-se as circunstâncias de tentativa de suicídio (32,62%)e uso acidental (24,47%), os agentes tóxicos medicamentos (25,52%) e agrotóxicos agrícolas (13,42%), casos de exposição aguda-única (58,94%), diagnóstico clínico (47,11%) como critério de confirmação e evolução para cura sem sequelas (65,88%). Ao relacionar circunstâncias com faixa etária e sexo, identificou-se número elevado de tentativas de suicídio entre jovens e adultos (n=1.633), principalmente mulheres (n=1.198), enquanto que no uso acidental, os principais acometidos foram as crianças (n=840), em especial, do sexo masculino (n=740). Conclusão: As intoxicações exógenas surgem como uma problemática de saúde no estado do Pará, apresentando características específicas, sendo necessária a promoção de ações de educação em saúde para servir de auxílio no alerta às crianças, jovens, famílias e à comunidade como um todo. Descritores: Epidemiologia; Sistemas de Informação em Saúde; Intoxicação


Objective: To characterize the epidemiological profile of exogenous poisoning cases in the state of Pará between 2012 and 2021. Methods: Quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional study, based on data collected from the Notifiable Diseases Information System. Results: During this period, 5,803 cases of exogenous poisoning were recorded in Pará. There was a predominance of females (56.92%), aged between 20 and 39 (39.10%) and brown (74.93%). The circumstances that stood out were suicide attempts (32.62%) and accidental use (24.47%), the toxic agents drugs (25.52%) and agricultural pesticides (13.42%), cases of acute-single exposure (58.94%), clinical diagnosis (47.11%) as a confirmation criterion and progression to cure without sequelae (65.88%). When relating circumstances to age group and gender, a high number of suicide attempts were identified among young people and adults (n=1,633), mainly women (n=1,198), while in accidental use, the main victims were children (n=840), especially males (n=740). Conclusion: Exogenous poisoning has become a health problem in the state of Pará, with specific characteristics, and it is necessary to promote health education to help alert children, young people, families and the community as a whole. Descriptors: Epidemiology; Health Information Systems; Poisoning


Subject(s)
Poisoning , Epidemiology , Health Information Systems
12.
Rev Enferm UFPI ; 12(1): e4161, 2023-12-12. tab e graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF - Nursing | ID: biblio-1523991

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a prevalência de acidentes de trânsito atendidos em um hospital de referência de urgência e emergência, no contexto da pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: Estudo transversal, com amostra de 364 adultos vítimas de acidentes de trânsito, com idade entre 18 a 60 anos, de ambos os sexos. Utilizou-se um formulário de caracterização sociodemográfica e as características do acidente para coletar os dados. As variáveis foram analisadas por meio da estatística descritiva, análise bivariada e pelo teste Exato de Fisher, com nível de significância de 5% (p<0,05). Resultados: Na amostra, observou-se predomínio de pacientes do sexo masculino (77,1%), motoristas (71,1%), envolvendo motocicleta (68,6%) e sem a utilização do equipamento de proteção (73,3%). As lesões predominantes nos acidentes foram as fraturas (70,8%). Conclusão: Apesar da prevalência de atendimentos de urgências às vítimas de acidentes de trânsito durante a pandemia de COVID-19 ter diminuído de 0,77% (2019) para 0,34% em 2020, percebeu-se que as variáveis ainda permaneceram predominantes. Logo, os achados compreendem uma ferramenta importante para as políticas de prevenção e promoção à saúde, visando a redução de mortes, lesões e incapacidades. Descritores: Acidentes de trânsito. Serviços médicos de emergência. Epidemiologia. COVID-19


Objective: To analyze the prevalence of traffic accidents attended at an urgent and emergency referral hospital, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a sample of 364 adult victims of traffic accidents, aged between 18 and 60 years, of both sexes. A sociodemographic characterization form and accident characteristics were used to collect data. The variables were analyzed using descriptive statistics, bivariate analysis, and Fisher's Exact test, with a significance level of 5% (p<0.05). Results: In the sample, there was a predominance of male patients (77.1%), drivers (71.1%), involving motorcycle (68.6%) and without the use of protective equipment (73.3%). The predominant injuries in accidents were fractures (70.8%). Conclusion:Although the prevalence of emergency care for traffic accident victims during the COVID-19 pandemic decreased from 0.77% (2019) to 0.34% in 2020, it was noticed that the variables still remained predominant. Therefore, the findings comprise an important tool for prevention and health promotion policies, aiming at reducing deaths, injuries and disabilities. Descriptors: Accidents, traffic. Emergency medical services. Epidemiology. COVID-19


Subject(s)
Accidents, Traffic , Epidemiology , Emergency Medical Services , COVID-19
13.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 14, 2023. 23 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1523795

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 42/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y centinela de rotavirus. Vigilancia de otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 42/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and rotavirus sentinel. Surveillance of other respiratory viruses. Surveillance of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications
14.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 14, 2023. 23 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1523800

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 43/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y centinela de rotavirus. Vigilancia de otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 43/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and rotavirus sentinel. Surveillance of other respiratory viruses. Surveillance of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , El Salvador
15.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 15, 2023. 23 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1523802

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 44/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y centinela de rotavirus. Vigilancia de otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 44/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and rotavirus sentinel. Surveillance of other respiratory viruses. Surveillance of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , El Salvador
16.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 15, 2023. 23 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1523809

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 45/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y centinela de rotavirus. Vigilancia de otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 45/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and rotavirus sentinel. Surveillance of other respiratory viruses. Surveillance of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , El Salvador
17.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 16, 2023. 23 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1523815

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 46/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y centinela de rotavirus. Vigilancia de otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 46/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and rotavirus sentinel. Surveillance of other respiratory viruses. Surveillance of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , El Salvador
18.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 16, 2023. 23 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1523817

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 47/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y centinela de rotavirus. Vigilancia de otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 47/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and rotavirus sentinel. Surveillance of other respiratory viruses. Surveillance of acute diarrheal disease.


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , El Salvador
19.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 17, 2023. 23 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1523820

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 48/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y centinela de rotavirus. Vigilancia de otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 48/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and rotavirus sentinel. Surveillance of other respiratory viruses. Surveillance of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , El Salvador
20.
San Salvador; MINSAL; dic. 17, 2023. 23 p. ilus, tab. graf. Mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1523822

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 49/2023. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y centinela de rotavirus. Vigilancia de otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events up to SE 49/2023. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and rotavirus sentinel. Surveillance of other respiratory viruses. Surveillance of acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Communicable Diseases , Electronic Publications , El Salvador
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