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1.
BMJ Open ; 12(8): e054148, 2022 Aug 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Women's decision-making power is a dimension of empowerment and is crucial for better physical and psychosocial outcomes of mothers. Suchana, a large-scale development programme in Bangladesh, actively provided social interventions on behaviour change communication to empower women belonging to the poorest social segment. This paper aims to assess the impact of the Suchana intervention on various indicators related to women's decision-making power. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The evaluation design was a cluster randomised pre-post design with two cross-sectional surveys conducted among beneficiary women with at least one child aged <23 months from randomly selected poor or very poor beneficiary households in Sylhet division. OUTCOME MEASURE: Decision-making indicators included food purchases, major household purchases, food preparation, children's healthcare as well as women's own healthcare and visiting family and relatives. RESULTS: Our findings suggest that 45% of women were able to make decisions on food purchases, 25% on major household purchases, 78% on food preparation, 59% on children's healthcare, 51% on their own healthcare and 43% on visiting family and relatives at baseline in the intervention group, whereas the results were almost the same in the control group. In contrast, at the endline survey, the respective proportions were 75%, 56%, 87%, 80%, 77% and 67% in the intervention group, which were significantly improved when compared with the control group. The prevalence of those outcome indicators were 64%, 41%, 80%, 71%, 68% and 56%, respectively, in the control group. As per multiple logistic regression analysis and structural equation modelling, the Suchana intervention had a substantial influence on the latent variable of women's decision-making power. CONCLUSION: In terms of food purchases, major household purchases, children's healthcare, their own healthcare and visiting family and relatives, the Suchana intervention favourably influenced the decision-making power of rural women living in a vulnerable region of Bangladesh. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: RIDIE-STUDY-ID-5d5678361809b.


Subject(s)
Decision Making , Power, Psychological , Women , Bangladesh , Cross-Sectional Studies , Family Characteristics , Female , Food , Humans , Infant , Rural Population , Women/psychology
2.
Laryngorhinootologie ; 101(8): 673-686, 2022 Aug.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915906

ABSTRACT

Allergic diseases are among the most common diseases worldwide. For appropriate management knowledge of the allergy trigger is crucial. The clinical picture of allergic diseases is diverse and correct diagnosis is often a challenge. The allergist needs to distinguish intolerances from allergies and infectious diseases from non-infectious triggers. Test results have to be interpreted accordingly to differentiate sensitizations from allergies. In this review current state of the art diagnostic measures to diagnose type I and type IV allergies are described and discussed.Immediate type allergies such as allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, asthma and anaphylaxis are mediated by allergen-specific IgE antibodies detectable both in serum and tissue. Typical triggers are pollen, mites, animal epithelia, food, insect toxins and pharmaceuticals. In everyday practice, diagnostics are based on three complementary pillars: the allergy-specific anamnesis as a prerequisite of correct interpretation of subsequent diagnostic tests like skin testing and serological immunoglobulin detection. These can be supplemented as required and available by provocation tests to prove clinical reactivity and cellular assays to demonstrate the cellular immune response.Type IV allergic reactions are mediated by T cells causing contact allergy with a local eczematous reaction with a latency of several hours to days. Some 3,500 triggers, often from occupational environment, are known; e. g., nickel, chromium, cobalt, fragrances, rubber, plastics, preservatives, dyes, neomycin, benzocaine, sulfonamides, quinidine, wool wax, perubalsam, eye therapeutics, light filter substances, disinfectants, pesticides, technical oils or plants. Diagnosis of contact allergy combines the history of cutaneous exposure with associated symptoms and patch testing, with detection of a late phase clinical reaction after 6 to 48, up to a maximum of 96 hours after antigen contact.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact , Allergens , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/etiology , Food , Humans , Skin Tests/adverse effects
3.
Vet Rec ; 191(3): 108, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929708
4.
Mikrochim Acta ; 189(8): 311, 2022 08 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35920941

ABSTRACT

The increasing demand for food and the need for a sustainability vision in the agri-food sector have boosted novel approaches for food management, enhancing the valorization of wastes and by-products belonging to the food industry. Herein, we present a novel paper-based origami device to assess the amount of both glucosinolate and glucose in a food waste product belonging to Brassicaceae plants, to evaluate the quality value and the correct management of waste samples. The device has been designed as an origami paper-based platform constituted of two paper-based biosensors to work synergistically in a multiplexed detection. In detail, a monoenzymatic biosensor and a bienzymatic biosensor were configured for the detection of glucose and glucosinolates, respectively, using filter paper pads preloaded with glucose oxidase and/or myrosinase. To complete the paper-based platform, the enzyme-preloaded pads were combined with office paper-based electrodes modified with Carbon black/Prussian Blue nanoparticles for the measurement of enzymatic by-product at a low applied potential (i.e., 0 V versus Ag/AgCl). Overall, this paper-based platform measured glucose and glucosinolate (i.e., sinigrin) with a linear range up to 2.5 and 1.5 mM, and detection limits of 0.05 and 0.07 mM, respectively. The repeatability corresponded to an RSD% equal to 5% by testing 10 mM of glucose, and 10% by testing 1 mM of sinigrin. The accuracy of the developed multiplex device was evaluated by recovery studies at two different levels of sinigrin, i.e., 0.25 and 0.5 mM, obtaining recoveries values equal to (111 ± 3) % and (86 ± 1) %, respectively. The multiplex detection of both glucose and glucosinolate in Brassicaceae samples evaluates the quality values of the waste sample, ensuring the quality of the re-used food product waste by using an eco-designed analytical tool. The combination of paper-based devices for quality control of food waste with the re-use of these food products represents a sustainable approach that perfectly matches sustainable agrifood practices as well as the overall approach of the circular economy.


Subject(s)
Glucosinolates , Refuse Disposal , Food , Glucose , Paper , Quality Control
5.
S Afr Fam Pract (2004) ; 64(1): e1-e5, 2022 Jul 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924621

ABSTRACT

Primary health care providers are often confronted with patients describing adverse reactions to food. With a multiplex of differential diagnoses, it is essential to have a structured approach to these complaints. Just as allergies can have a negative impact on quality of life, inappropriate food allergy labelling can cause unnecessary distress and hardship for patients. Understanding the diagnostic approaches to adverse food reactions, alongside an appreciation of multidisciplinary collaboration, can assist the clinician in making appropriate decisions in the management of these patients.


Subject(s)
Food Hypersensitivity , Quality of Life , Allergens , Food , Food Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Humans , Primary Health Care
6.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1458, 2022 08 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915428

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Food and beverage advertising has been identified as a powerful determinant of dietary intake and weight. Available evidence suggests that the preponderance of food and beverage advertising expenditures are devoted to the promotion of unhealthy products. The purpose of this study is to estimate food advertising expenditures in Canada in 2019 overall, by media and by food category, determine how much was spent on promoting healthier versus less healthy products and assess whether changes in these expenditures occurred between 2016 and 2019. METHODS: Estimates of net advertising expenditures for 57 selected food categories promoted on television, radio, out-of-home media, print media and popular websites, were licensed from Numerator. The nutrient content of promoted products or brands were collected, and related expenditures were then categorized as "healthy" or "unhealthy" according to a Nutrient Profile Model (NPM) proposed by Health Canada. Expenditures were described using frequencies and relative frequencies and percent changes in expenditures between 2016 and 2019 were computed. RESULTS: An estimated $628.6 million was spent on examined food and beverage advertising in Canada in 2019, with television accounting for 67.7%, followed by digital media (11.8%). In 2019, most spending (55.7%) was devoted to restaurants, followed by dairy and alternatives (11%), and $492.9 million (87.2% of classified spending) was spent advertising products and brands classified as "unhealthy". Fruit and vegetables and water accounted for only 2.1 and 0.8% of expenditures, respectively, in 2019. In 2019 compared to 2016, advertising expenditures decreased by 14.1% across all media (excluding digital media), with the largest decreases noted for print media (- 63.0%) and television (- 14.6%). Overall, expenditures increased the most in relative terms for fruit and vegetables (+ 19.5%) and miscellaneous products (+ 5%), while decreasing the most for water (- 55.6%) and beverages (- 47.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite a slight drop in national food and beverage advertising spending between 2016 and 2019, examined expenditures remain high, and most products or brands being advertised are unhealthy. Expenditures across all media should continue to be monitored to assess Canada's nutrition environment and track changes in food advertising over time.


Subject(s)
Advertising , Health Expenditures , Beverages , Canada , Food , Food Industry , Humans , Internet , Television , Vegetables , Water
7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 6829409, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35782077

ABSTRACT

Scientific evidence is mounting that synthetic chemicals used as food additives may have harmful impacts on health. Food additives are chemicals that are added to food to keep it from spoiling, as well as to improve its colour and taste. Some are linked to negative health impacts, while others are healthy and can be ingested with little danger. According to several studies, health issues such as asthma, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), heart difficulties, cancer, obesity, and others are caused by harmful additives and preservatives. Some food additives may interfere with hormones and influences growth and development. It is one of the reasons why so many children are overweight. Children are more likely than adults to be exposed to these types of dietary intakes. Several food additives are used by women during pregnancy and breast feeding that are not fully safe. We must take specific precaution to avoid consuming dangerous compounds before they begin to wreak havoc on our health. This study is intended to understand how the preservatives induce different health problem in the body once it is consumed. This review focuses on some specific food additives such as sodium benzoate, aspartame, tartrazine, carrageenan, and potassium benzoate, as well as vitamin A. Long-term use of food treated with the above-mentioned food preservatives resulted in teratogenicity and other allergens, according to the study. Other health issues can be avoided in the future by using natural food additives derived from plants and other natural sources.


Subject(s)
Food Additives , Food Preservatives , Child , Female , Food , Food Additives/adverse effects , Food Preservatives/toxicity , Humans , Sodium Benzoate , Tartrazine
8.
Hawaii J Health Soc Welf ; 81(7): 179-184, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35821667

ABSTRACT

In Pohnpei Island, sakau (kava) is a symbol of the traditional culture. Although the use of sakau was once limited to people of high rank and used only during ceremonial occasions, it is now consumed in bars and sold in bottles around the island. Recently, negative medical and environmental effects correlated with the increase sale of sakau have attracted scholarly attention. However, the current use of sakau is not fully understood. This study aims to describe the current use of sakau and consider by whom, on what occasions, and for what purpose sakau is consumed, and whether it continues to play a traditional role. Fieldwork was conducted from July to September 2019 in Kolonia (where people of Pohnpeian ethnicity live) and Mand (where non-Pohnpeians live). The latter was included to investigate whether sakau was consumed by people of ethnic groups that have never used it traditionally. Data were collected via interviews using a questionnaire, direct observation, and casual conversations. A total of 89 people (41 in Kolonia; 48 in Mand) participated in the study. Most (71% of those in Kolonia and 58% of those in Mand) reported they drank sakau at some point in their lives. Although the frequency of sakau consumption was significantly lower in Mand (P=.027), it was consumed regardless of their original culture. Commonly reported reasons for drinking sakau included treating anxiety and socializing. The use of sakau in Pohnpeian society continues in traditional contexts, such as feasts, marriage proposals, and forgiveness. Additionally, increased consumption has been profitable for people engaged in businesses related to sakau.


Subject(s)
Kava , Food , Humans , Micronesia , Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805299

ABSTRACT

Based on compensatory control theory, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of perceived control on people's acceptance of genetically modified (GM) foods by using both correlational and experimental methods. Compensatory control theory proposes that the lower an individual's perceived control, the higher their need for structure, order, and certainty. Therefore, based on beliefs about GM foods that make some people less certain that those foods are as safe as traditional foods, we hypothesized that individuals with lower levels of perceived control are more inclined to reject GM foods. The analysis of questionnaire responses in Study 1 revealed that individuals' sense of control negatively predicted their risk perception of GM foods, while the need for structure played a mediating role. In Study 2, using a between-subject design, we manipulated participants' perceived control (higher vs. lower) and subsequently measured their risk perception and purchasing preferences for GM foods. The results in Study 2 show that under lower control conditions, individuals recognize higher risks related to GM foods, which, in turn, decreases their willingness to purchase GM foods. These results not only suggest that perceived control is a potential influential personal factor of the acceptance of GM foods but also extend the scope of the application of compensatory control theory.


Subject(s)
Food, Genetically Modified , Consumer Behavior , Food , Humans , Intention , Plants, Genetically Modified
10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805393

ABSTRACT

Gastronomic tourism is becoming an essential consideration among tourists when choosing a tourist destination. One of the main reasons for visiting a specific destination for almost 15% of tourists is "gastronomy". This has led to the development of a new kind of tourism called "Gastronomic Tourism". However, there has been minimal research on gastronomy tourism, specifically in Pakistan. The primary purpose of this study is to measure the level of satisfaction in a tourist destination and furthermore consider gastronomy as a component of visitor motivation. A survey of 307 tourists who had recently visited Pakistan's northern areas was undertaken to conduct the study. This has enabled us to better understand the variables that influence the behaviors and attitudes of tourists toward this popular tourist attraction. Gastronomy motivation impacts tourism location selection, and gastronomic experience influences satisfaction, according to the research. Specifically, tourists show a keen interest in gastronomic experiences after feeling satisfied with the destination and local foods, developing loyalty toward the destination.


Subject(s)
Tourism , Travel , Food , Pakistan , Personal Satisfaction
11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805473

ABSTRACT

Food marketing is powerful and prevalent, influencing young people's food attitudes, preferences, and dietary habits. Teenagers are aggressively targeted by unhealthy food marketing messages across a range of platforms, prompting recognition of the need to monitor such marketing. To monitor, criteria for what counts as teen-targeted food marketing content (i.e., persuasive techniques) must first be established. This exploratory study engaged teenagers to explore the "power" of food marketing by identifying what they consider to be teen-targeted marketing techniques within various food marketing examples. Fifty-four teenagers (ages 13-17) participated in a tagging exercise of 19 pre-selected food/beverage advertisements. Assessed in light of age and gender, the results showed clear consistency with what indicators the participants identified when it comes to selecting "teen-targeted" ads-with advertisements most frequently chosen as "teen-targeted" containing humor (particularly irony) and celebrities. When it comes to specific indicators used by teenagers, visual style dominated, standing as the marketing technique with the most "power" for teenagers. The findings shed much needed insight into the elements of power-and more precisely, the specific marketing techniques persuasive to teenagers-which are necessary to inform monitoring efforts and to create evidence-based policy.


Subject(s)
Advertising , Food Industry , Adolescent , Advertising/methods , Beverages , Food , Food Preferences , Humans , Marketing/methods , Television
12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805623

ABSTRACT

Knowledge is needed about effective tools that reach public health objectives focused on reducing the intake of sugar-rich foods and drinks. The purpose of this study was to assess the parental acceptability, use and motivational potential of intervention components developed in the randomized family-based trial 'Are you too sweet?' aimed at reducing the intake of sugar-rich foods and drinks among children (5-7 y). Intervention components included guidance on sugar-rich foods and drinks at a school health nurse consultation, a box with home-use materials and a digital platform. The methods used were a questionnaire among intervention families (n = 83) and semi-structured interviews with parents in selected intervention families (n = 24). Results showed the good acceptability and usefulness of the components, with reported frequencies of use of materials ranging from 48% to 94% and a high satisfaction rate with the school health nurse consultation. Personalized feedback and guidance from the school health nurse seemed to be a motivational trigger, and components that were compatible with existing practices were most frequently used. However, the components were not considered engaging by all families. Overall, intervention components were well received and hold the potential for enhancing parental knowledge and parenting practices regarding limiting the intake of sugar-rich foods and drinks.


Subject(s)
Food , Sugars , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans
13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805653

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic and measures such as lockdowns affect food access, dietary choices, and food security. We conducted an online survey among 517 respondents during early 2020 in Nanjing, China to explore respondents' food acquisition behaviors before and during the pandemic and associations with the community food environment. Using geographic analysis and binary logistic models, we revealed that despite inconvenience regarding food acquisition, no food security issues occurred during lockdown in Nanjing. The pandemic changed the access and frequency of obtaining food; meanwhile, pre-pandemic habits had a strong impact on food acquisition behavior. Online and in-store food acquisition showed a substitution relationship, with online food access playing a crucial role in food acquisition. Physical and digit food outlets are highly integrated in Chinese urban communities, and both objectively measured and perceived accessibility of these food outlets had a significant association with the food acquisition methods and transportation mode chosen by people during this public health crisis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Food , Humans , Pandemics
14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805802

ABSTRACT

Food waste in households is a consequence of the accumulation of improper practices employed by consumers when dealing with food. The survey estimated the impact of practices of Polish respondents, in the context of selected food safety and hygiene issues, on throwing away food due to spoilage. The survey was conducted in 2019, in a random quota-based, nationwide sample of 1115 respondents 18 years old and older. Synthetic indicators (SI) were created to assess the knowledge and practices of Polish adult respondents concerning selected areas of food management and the frequency of throwing food away. Most food products were not thrown away at all or were thrown away occasionally. Regression analysis revealed that the frequency of throwing food away was to the greatest extent related to food spoilage (ß = 0.223). Among the five areas of Polish respondents' practices covered by the analysis, the most conducive to wasting food due to spoilage were improper proceedings with food after bringing it home (ß = 0.135; p = 0.000), a failure to ensure proper food storage conditions (ß = 0.066; p = 0.030), or inappropriate proceedings with uneaten meals, excluding the food plate (ß = 0.066; p = 0.029). To reduce food waste in Polish households, drawing the attention of consumers to the conditions of food storage at home seems appropriate. It is also vital to convince them to use freezing of uneaten food as an effective method of extending the life of food products.


Subject(s)
Food , Refuse Disposal , Family Characteristics , Food Safety , Hygiene
15.
Molecules ; 27(13)2022 Jun 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807434

ABSTRACT

Lycopene, ß-carotene and ω-fatty acids are major compounds in tomatoes with known antioxidant activity, capable of preventing health disorders. The identification of potential natural sources of antioxidants, extraction efficiencies and antioxidant activity assessments are essential to promote such products to be used in the food, pharmaceutical or cosmetic industries. This work presents four added-value products recovered from tomatoes: pigmented solid oleoresin, pigmented oil and two raw extracts from supercritical and Soxhlet extraction. Different parameters including the matrices of tomatoes, extraction methods, green solvents and operating parameters were varied to obtain extracts with different qualities. Extract analysis was performed using UV-VIS, FT-IR, GC-MS, Folin-Ciocalteu and DPPH methods. The highest-quality extract was the solid oleoresin obtained from pomace using supercritical CO2 extraction at 450 bar, 70 °C and 11 kg/h: 1016.94 ± 23.95 mg lycopene/100 g extract, 154.87 ± 16.12 mg ß-carotene/100 g extract, 35.25 ± 0.14 mg GAE/g extract and 67.02 ± 5.11% inhibition DPPH. The economic feasibility of the three extraction processes (1:10:100 kg dried pomace/batch as scalability criterion) was evaluated. The most profitable was the supercritical extraction process at the highest capacity, which produces pigmented solid oleoresin and oil with high content of lycopene valorized with a high market price, using natural food waste (pomace).


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Lycopersicon esculentum , Refuse Disposal , Antioxidants/chemistry , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Biological Products/pharmacology , Food , Lycopene , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , beta Carotene
16.
Nutrients ; 14(13)2022 Jun 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807752

ABSTRACT

The food environments that people have access to shape their food choices. The purpose of this study was to use mixed methods to characterize the external food environment in informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya and to examine the individual factors that influence the way in which women interact with those environments to make food choices. We used a combination of food environment assessments (vendor mapping, collection of food prices, food quality assessments) and five focus group discussions with women (n = 26) in four villages within two informal settlements in Nairobi (Mukuru and Kibera) to better understand the drivers of food choice. We found a large number (n = 1163) of vendors selling a variety of food within the settlements. The highest number of vendors were selling fruits and/or vegetables; however, there was limited diversity of fruits available. Animal-source foods were considered relatively expensive as compared to plant-based foods, including prepared fried snacks. We found that the way women interacted with their food environments was influenced by individual factors such as income, time, convenience, and preferences. Our findings suggest that interventions targeting both the external food environment as well as individual factors such as income will be necessary to support healthy diets among low-income populations living in informal settlements in Kenya.


Subject(s)
Food , Poverty , Animals , Commerce , Female , Humans , Kenya
17.
Nutrients ; 14(13)2022 Jun 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807805

ABSTRACT

Effective implementation of nutrition standards in publicly funded institutions can facilitate healthy food and beverage consumption by communities and populations, which can enable improvements in dietary intake and reduce disease burden. This study aimed to understand stakeholder perspectives on the implementation of government nutrition standards in publicly funded institutions in the Australian state of Victoria, as well as to determine enablers and barriers to successful implementation. Pre-interview questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were administered to stakeholders involved in the implementation of nutrition standards in publicly funded institutions in Victoria. The Interactive Systems Framework, which allows understanding of the infrastructure and systems needed to implement policies, was used to design the survey instruments and guide the data analysis. Forty-four stakeholders were interviewed, including program implementers, support personnel and food providers, across public sector hospitals and health services, workplaces, sport and recreation centres and schools. Though translated materials and resources have been developed for end-users to facilitate uptake and implementation, current nutrition standards were perceived to be long and complex, which hindered implementation. The existence of a government-funded implementation support service enabled action by providing technical support, troubleshooting and capacity-building. A specific pathway for successful guideline implementation was determined through the analysis. Opportunities to close the policy-implementation gap were identified. This will be crucial to maximising the impact of nutrition standards on population diets and reducing diet-related disease. Strengthening the guidelines and their governance, streamlining the support system and overcoming barriers within and outside of implementing organisations, are urgently required to propel statewide progress.


Subject(s)
Nutritional Status , Schools , Australia , Food , Government , Nutrition Policy
18.
Nutrients ; 14(13)2022 Jun 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807861

ABSTRACT

myfood24 is an innovative dietary assessment tool originally developed in English for use in the United Kingdom. This online 24 h recall, a tool commonly used in nutritional epidemiology, has been developed into different international versions. This paper aims to describe the creation of its French version. We used a consistent approach to development, aligned with other international versions, using similar methodologies. A nutritional database (food item codes, portion groups and accompaniments, etc.) was developed based on commonly used French food composition tables (CIQUAL 2017). Portion sizes were adapted to French dietary habits (estimation, photographs of French portion sizes, assessment of the photograph series and their angle (aerial vs. 45 degrees)). We evaluated the new tool, which contained nearly 3000 food items with 34 individuals using the System Usability Scale. We validated the French food portion picture series using EFSA criteria for bias and agreement. The results of the picture evaluation showed that the angle with which photos are taken had limited impact on the ability to judge portion size. Estimating food intake is a challenging task. Evaluation showed "good" usability of the system in its French version. myfood24 France will be a useful addition to nutritional epidemiology research in France.


Subject(s)
Diet , Nutrition Assessment , Feeding Behavior , Food , France , Humans , Portion Size
19.
Nutrients ; 14(13)2022 Jun 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807877

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article is to explore the reasons for seeking selected information on a food label, with particular emphasis on certain information about sugar. In order to meet the aim, in 2020, a survey was conducted among consumers aged 18-45. Predictive models (Logistic Regression) were developed for noticing "light" products and reading food labels. The results of our study indicate that consumers are mainly discouraged from reading label information by a large amount of information, the lack of time, and a general reluctance to be interested in label information. When it comes to the factors that lead people to read label information, the naturalness of the product, its organic origin, and physical activity are important. Moreover, respondents who declared that they noticed products on the market defined as "light" were those who were interested in the naturalness of the product, but also consumers declaring that they have nutritional knowledge. The results of the study indicate the need to intensify information campaigns in order to emphasize how important it is for consumers to read the information on food labels. The amount and complexity of information currently appearing on the food label may unfortunately discourage consumers from reading it, so it is important to continuously improve this form of communication with the consumer.


Subject(s)
Food Labeling , Sugars , Choice Behavior , Consumer Behavior , Food , Food Preferences , Humans , Product Labeling
20.
Nutrients ; 14(13)2022 Jun 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35807884

ABSTRACT

In this paper we report on the development and field-testing of proposed food-based dietary guideline (FBDG) messages among Tanzanian consumers. The messages were tested for cultural appropriateness, consumer understanding, acceptability, and feasibility. In addition, comprehension of the messages was assessed using culturally representative images for low literacy audiences. Focus group discussions were used as method for data collection. Results indicate that the core meaning of the proposed FBDG messages and images were understood and acceptable to the general population. However, participants felt that nutrition education would be required for improved comprehension. Feasibility was affected by some cultural differences, lack of nutrition knowledge, time constraints, and poverty. Suggestions were made for some rewording of certain messages and editing of certain images. It is recommended that the field-tested messages and images, incorporating the suggested changes, should be adopted. Once adopted, the FBDGs can be used to inform and engage various stakeholders, including parents, caregivers, healthcare providers and educators on appropriate nutritional practices for children and adults. They can also be used to guide implementation of relevant policies and programmes to contribute towards the achievement of sustainable healthy diets and healthy dietary patterns.


Subject(s)
Food , Nutrition Policy , Adult , Child , Diet, Healthy , Health Education , Humans , Tanzania
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