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1.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661902

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Obesity, including among children and adolescents, is a major problem both nationally and internationally and is strongly linked to nutrition. Eating habits are formed at an early age and can influence the development of disease. Schools as places of learning and living can promote balanced and sustainable eating habits. The aim of this study was therefore to analyze selected curricula on nutrition education in order to identify deficits and suggestions for improvement in school nutrition education. METHODS: The most recent version of the scientific and home economics framework curricula of secondary schools as of 2019 were examined by means of qualitative curriculum analysis. The focus was on nutrition topics as well as their possibilities for in-depth study, practical implementation, and timeframe. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: According to this analysis, nutrition and human biology are taught mainly up to grade 8 in all curricula, while more complex topics tend to be taught from grade 9 onward. Concrete learning content relevant to everyday life on practical nutrition, food quality, and the role of nutrition in disease prevention can significantly improve students' nutritional literacy but currently receive too little attention in the curricula. Home economics subjects address consumer issues, among other topics, but are offered in only three out of six states. Electives and honors courses can supplement nutrition education, but are not part of the curriculum at all schools. The amount of time and the practical implementation of nutrition education are strongly dependent on internal school factors. In some cases, there are considerable deficits in nutrition education. CONCLUSION: It is considered useful to intensify nutrition education in higher grades, to introduce home economics subjects in all types of schools, and to standardize the curriculum content among the individual states.


Subject(s)
Health Education , Schools , Adolescent , Child , Curriculum , Germany , Health Education/methods , Humans , Students
2.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 213, 2022 06 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672814

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In recent years, nutrition has received an increasingly important role in the etiology of cancer. Thus, public education about dietary factors associated with cancer risk or prevention could be an important intervention for cancer prevention, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where the burden of cancer is increasing rapidly and the access to care is limited. The age-standardized incidence of breast cancer was 35.8 among Iranian women in 2020. We aimed to study the effect of nutrition education on the knowledge, attitude, and practice of Iranian women towards dietary factors related to cancer. METHODS: In this interventional study, 229 women from public health centers were recruited and underwent three 75-min sessions of education based on the Health Belief Model (HBM). Participants were interviewed by trained interviewers using a validated and reproducible nutrition-related cancer prevention knowledge, attitude, and practice questionnaire (NUTCANKAP) questionnaire designed based on the HBM. Nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practice of participants were assessed through this questionnaire. Three 24-h dietary recalls (one weekend and two nonconsecutive weekdays) were also collected before and one month after the intervention. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 45.14 years, and the mean BMI was 27.2 kg/m2. After the intervention, the participants had a higher intake of whole grain (p = 0.03) and a lower fat dairy (p = 0.009) and nuts (p = 0.04). However, the intake of high-fat dairy (p = 0.001) decreased after the intervention. We indicated significant differences in knowledge (p < 0.001) and nutritional practice scores (p = 0.01) after education. In addition, after the intervention, there were significant differences in the mean score of the HBM components, except for the perceived self-efficacy. CONCLUSION: Participation in a nutrition education program positively impacted the knowledge and nutritional practices linked to cancer prevention.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Female , Health Belief Model , Health Education , Humans , Iran , Middle Aged
4.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220622. 189 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO - Dentistry | ID: biblio-1373169

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho aborda a utilização de recursos audiovisuais como ferramenta educativa que sensibiliza e conscientiza sobre a importância da promoção da Saúde Bucal na infância. O objetivo desse material é relatar a experiência de construção do produto educacional como processo de aprendizagem educomunicativa, registrando os percursos e vivências que possibilitaram a construção de uma metodologia de elaboração e desenvolvimento de uma coletânea de vídeos educativos sobre Saúde Bucal de bebês e crianças de 0 a 6 anos. Durante o processo buscou-se produzir vídeos que ampliem o acesso à informação e conhecimento, a formação reflexiva, e a democratização de saberes a partir de diferentes óticas e com uma visão interdisciplinar. A série de vídeos educativos elaborada é voltada ao público adulto que interage com bebês e crianças, com duração média de 11 a 16 minutos que aborda temáticas como: Saúde Bucal da gestante, Aleitamento Materno, Hábitos de Higiene Bucal, Hábitos alimentares que favorecem a Saúde Bucal, Construção de Hábitos e Saúde Bucal na Infância, O que é cárie?, A importância de cuidar da primeira dentição, O uso da chupeta e A importância do flúor. A vivência relatada abriu perspectivas para o desenvolvimento de projetos intersetoriais na área de Educação em Saúde, revelou potencialidades do uso da tecnologia da educação, da abordagem sensível utilizando elementos da comunicação audiovisual e possibilidades do uso de vídeos educativos para a promoção de saúde, e ressalta a importância de trabalhos articulados e diálogos entre diferentes setores promotores de políticas públicas, que possibilitem interação e trocas entre os profissionais de saúde e educação para atuarem de forma colaborativa no planejamento e desenvolvimento de ações educativas e promotoras de saúde.


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Health Education , Instructional Film and Video , Video-Audio Media
5.
Ann Glob Health ; 88(1): 32, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646611

ABSTRACT

The term "decolonization" has been increasingly used to refer to the elimination of the colonial experience and its legacy. However, the use of this overarching term masks the real root of the problem. European countries, whose populations are majority white, used their assumed supremacy as justification for the colonization of current low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where the majority of non-white people live. This clear overlap between geographic and skin color differences explains how the white supremacy ideology triggered European colonization. Therefore, calls to decolonize global health education must focus on the roots of colonization and fight for the elimination of white supremacy ideology that is one of the pillars of the current ills of our global health architecture. A step in this process acknowledging the expertise that emerges from LMICs, alongside challenging the traditional high-income country (HIC) hegemony over knowledge and strengthening universities in LMICs to provide quality medical and global health education. Additionally, we also need to reevaluate curricula, research selection, and design as well as partnerships. Students need to be equipped with the skills to question norms and contribute to the creation of equitable, mutually beneficial partnerships. This needs to accompanied by the adoption of transdisciplinary education to address critical societal challenges. By challenging the white supremacy ideology, we can shift the center of gravity in global health to respect the right to equal say in education and research according to the disease burden and the distribution of the world population.


Subject(s)
Developing Countries , Global Health , Curriculum , Health Education , Humans , Poverty
8.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e062971, 2022 Jun 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680254

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a challenging period for young people with type 1 diabetes, associated with worsening glycaemia and care disengagement. Educational interventions in this period tend to focus on diabetes-specific skills, with less emphasis on the psychosocial challenges associated with diabetes experienced by young people. To address this limitation, we codesigned with young people a psychosocially modelled programme of diabetes education, named 'Youth Empowerment Skills' (YES). The programme aims to facilitate a positive adaptation to life with diabetes and engagement with diabetes care through peer-based learning, immersive simulations and support from an outreach youth worker. Here, we present a protocol for a feasibility study of the YES programme. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study was designed following the Medical Research Council Complex Intervention Evaluation Framework to: test the feasibility (acceptance, implementability, recruitment and completion) of the YES programme; and estimate its efficacy in relation to metabolic and psychosocial outcomes. The study will take place in diabetes centres serving socioculturally diverse populations. We will conduct a feasibility randomised controlled trial (waiting-list design) with integrated process evaluation. Fifty young people with type 1 diabetes (aged 14-19 years) will be randomly allocated to either the YES intervention or a waiting-list control. Randomisation acceptability will be assessed with provision for a preference allocation. Outcomes will be evaluated at 6 months, at which point the waiting list participants will be exposed to the YES programme with further follow-up to 12 months. A simultaneous process evaluation will use a mixed-methods approach collecting qualitative and quantitative data. Study findings will be used to optimise the intervention components, outcome measures and recruitment methods to inform a subsequent definitive trial. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The protocol has ethical approval from the UK Health Research Authority (approval IRAS project ID: 279877). Findings will be disseminated in multiple formats for lay and professional audiences. PROTOCOL DATE AND VERSION: 7 April 2021, V.1.1. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04670198.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Adolescent , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy , Feasibility Studies , Health Education , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
9.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682025

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to visualize the evidence in the global research on health education to better improve the nation's health literacy and to guide future research. METHOD: We searched the Web of Science (Core Collection) electronic databases. The search strategies: topic: ("Health Education" OR "Education, Health" OR "Community Health Education" OR "Education, Community Health" OR "Health Education, Community") AND document: (Article) AND language:(English). Articles of evidence from January 2011 to December 2021 with those words in the title or abstract or keywords will be included in this review. We used the Citespace 5.6.R5 (64-bit) to investigate and determine the thematic patterns, and emerging trends of the knowledge domain, and presented a narrative account of the findings. RESULT: We analyzed 10,273 eligible articles. It showed that BMC Public Health displays the most prolific journals. Author MARCO PAHOR is highlighted in health education. The University of Sydney has published the most studies about health education. The USA plays an important role in these studies. Specifically, the visualization shows several hotspots: disease prevalence surveys and a specific population of knowledge, attitude and practice surveys, health intervention, chronic and non-communicable management, youth-health action, sexual and reproductive health, and physical activity promotion. Furthermore, document co-citation analysis indicated that there are 10 main clusters, which means the research front in health education. Meanwhile, by the citation detected, COVID-19, has achieved universal health coverage in related studies, however, public health education and the health workforce might be more popular in the coming years. CONCLUSION: Health education is an effective measure to shift the concept of public health and improve healthy living standards. The present study facilitates an extensive understanding of the basic knowledge and research frontiers that are pivotal for the developmental process of health education and allows scholars to visualize the identification modes and tendencies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adolescent , Forecasting , Health Education , Humans , Knowledge , Publications
10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682206

ABSTRACT

Advocating for healthy environments is a matter of justice. Changes in environments have tremendous impacts on the health of communities, and oftentimes, individuals are unable to safeguard themselves through individual actions alone. Efforts frequently require collective action and are often most effective when led by the communities most impacted. In this spirit, we launched "Vibrations", an African environment photo essay contest. Through funding and publicity, we aimed to support community-led environmental improvement and education initiatives presently taking place on the continent. We received nearly two dozen submissions and selected eight winners. The winners come from five countries (Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, and South Africa) and have taken on a range of projects aimed at improving environments across a variety of African regions. Projects included efforts to combat pollution, create environmentally conscious school curricula, utilize clean energy sources, and spread awareness about environmental justice concerns in local communities. It is our hope that this report highlights these transformative community-driven efforts, promotes continued conversations on environmental justice in Africa, and encourages meaningful action via policy changes and collaborations throughout the African continent and beyond.


Subject(s)
Health Education , Schools , Humans , Mozambique , Nigeria , South Africa
11.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e060440, 2022 Jun 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35738655

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: One in seven (14%) children aged 4-17 years old meet criteria for a mental illness over a 12-month period. The majority of these children have difficulty accessing clinical assessment and treatment despite evidence demonstrating the importance of early intervention. Schools are increasingly recognised as universal platforms where children with mental health concerns could be identified and supported. However, educators have limited training or access to clinical support in this area. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study is a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of a co-designed health and education model aiming to improve educator identification and support of children with emotional and behavioural difficulties. Twelve Victorian government primary schools representing a range of socio-educational communities will be recruited from metropolitan and rural regions, with half of the schools being randomly allocated to the intervention. Caregivers and educators of children in grades 1-3 will be invited to participate. The intervention is likely to involved regular case-based discussions and paediatric support. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Informed consent will be obtained from each participating school, educator and caregiver. Participants are informed of their voluntary participation and ability to withdrawal at any time. Participant confidentiality will be maintained and data will be secured on a password protected, restricted access database on the Murdoch Children's Research Institute server. Results will be disseminated via peer-reviewed journals and conference presentations. Schools and caregivers will be provided with a report of the study outcomes and implications at the completion of the study. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ACTRN12621000652875.


Subject(s)
Emotions , Mental Disorders , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Health Education , Humans , Mental Health , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Schools
12.
Nutrients ; 14(11)2022 May 28.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35684062

ABSTRACT

The incidence of several diet and lifestyle-related diseases, previously seen only in adults, is increasing in prevalence in young people. The Black population, and particularly Black males, are at high risk of developing lifestyle-related diseases. Adolescence and young adulthood are considered a transitional period with increasing independence and responsibility, along with the development of lifelong lifestyle habits. This systematic review aimed to establish which methods and approaches to nutritional education interventions are the most effective in improving the nutritional/dietary intake in healthy young Black males. Eligibility criteria were designed using PICOS and included controlled trials of nutrition education interventions designed to improve dietary intake in healthy young Black or mixed-race males aged 14-21 years old. Medline, Cinahl and Scopus were searched in April 2021, resulting in 20,375 records being screened, and subsequently 72 full-text articles were reviewed. Risk of bias was assessed using the ROBINS-I tool. One study met the eligibility criteria. Results are presented in a narrative format as meta-analysis was not possible. This systematic review revealed a lack of evidence on the effectiveness of nutritional education interventions in this high-risk population. Limitations are noted and recommendations have been made.


Subject(s)
Eating , Nutrition Therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Diet , Health Education , Humans , Life Style , Male , Nutrition Therapy/methods , Young Adult
13.
Nutrients ; 14(11)2022 Jun 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35684136

ABSTRACT

Consumer education, including nutrition education, understood as a process based on scientific principles, is becoming a very effective element in influencing the health of the population in the modern world. This work is based on direct research carried out in 2016-2018 in the form of a questionnaire interview among patients-consumers of educational services in spa treatment facilities. The research sample was N = 1000 (600 people were tested with the use of PAPI (Paper and Pencil Interview), and 400 people with the use of CAWI (Computer-Assisted Web Interview)) and concerned a representative group of spa patients in Poland. In addition, as a supplement, a direct survey was conducted in the form of a Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview with managers of spa treatment facilities (N = 50). Consumers of spa treatment services differ from each other, and types can be distinguished based on their professional activity status and the type of entity that pays for their stay in the spa, and, using cluster analysis, the status of professional activity in relation to their education level. The nutritional education system is based on highly specialized medical personnel. At the same time, it does not use the available assessment tools based on proven monitoring and evaluation indicators. Health education, which also includes nutritional education, apart from disease prevention, is the basic tool for health promotion in spa treatment conditions, enabling the introduction of a permanent change in the patients' lifestyles, the additional advantages of which are low costs and relatively high efficiency. In the course of the study, several useful patient profiles were also distinguished, thanks to which it is possible to select dedicated educational methods for selected groups of recipients.


Subject(s)
Counseling , Health Education , Health Personnel , Health Promotion , Humans , Poland
14.
Nutrients ; 14(12)2022 Jun 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745246

ABSTRACT

Since the Basic Law of Shokuiku (nutrition education) was established in 2005, the Japanese government has been promoting nutrition education among children to encourage better eating habits. This study analyzes the 2019 survey data on people's attitudes towards nutrition education, in order to elucidate the relationship between the results of nutrition education, attitude towards nutrition education and proper eating habits, and the experience of nutrition education. The results reveal that people who received nutrition education at elementary school and middle school tend to have a more positive attitude towards nutrition education. In addition, family conversation on foods during elementary school years has a positive effect on nutritionally balanced eating behavior.


Subject(s)
Feeding Behavior , Health Education , Adult , Child , Food , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Japan , Schools
15.
Nature ; 606(7914): 542-549, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35650433

ABSTRACT

The reluctance of people to get vaccinated represents a fundamental challenge to containing the spread of deadly infectious diseases1,2, including COVID-19. Identifying misperceptions that can fuel vaccine hesitancy and creating effective communication strategies to overcome them are a global public health priority3-5. Medical doctors are a trusted source of advice about vaccinations6, but media reports may create an inaccurate impression that vaccine controversy is prevalent among doctors, even when a broad consensus exists7,8. Here we show that public misperceptions about the views of doctors on the COVID-19 vaccines are widespread, and correcting them increases vaccine uptake. We implement a survey among 9,650 doctors in the Czech Republic and find that 90% of doctors trust the vaccines. Next, we show that 90% of respondents in a nationally representative sample (n = 2,101) underestimate doctors' trust; the most common belief is that only 50% of doctors trust the vaccines. Finally, we integrate randomized provision of information about the true views held by doctors into a longitudinal data collection that regularly monitors vaccination status over 9 months. The treatment recalibrates beliefs and leads to a persistent increase in vaccine uptake. The approach demonstrated in this paper shows how the engagement of professional medical associations, with their unparalleled capacity to elicit individual views of doctors on a large scale, can help to create a cheap, scalable intervention that has lasting positive impacts on health behaviour.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Consensus , Health Education , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Physicians , Vaccination , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , Czech Republic , Health Behavior , Humans , Public Health , Public Opinion , Societies, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Trust , Vaccination/statistics & numerical data , /statistics & numerical data
16.
Psychiatr Clin North Am ; 45(2): 259-270, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680241

ABSTRACT

States all across the United States are experiencing a shortage in their behavioral health workforces. Although many studies have suggested factors that contribute to or mitigate the shortage-particularly in rural and underserved areas-no nationwide guidance exists on best practices to develop a behavioral health workforce that can meet community need. The Behavioral Health Education of Nebraska (BHECN) can serve as an exemplar for others looking to take a multifaceted approach to develop the behavioral health workforce in their community. Evidence from published studies is reviewed, and BHECN's approach and practices are explained.


Subject(s)
Health Workforce , Psychiatry , Health Education , Humans , Nebraska , United States , Workforce
17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742319

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the factor structure of the Korean version of the occupational socialization of beginning physical education teachers scale, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, and to verify its relationship with health perception education. In October 2021, 257 Korean beginning physical education teachers were enrolled in this study. Data were analyzed using frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, and multiple regression analysis. Regarding the findings, first, the occupational socialization of beginning physical education teachers scale showed a six-factor structure: role recognition, past physical education class experience, pre-service teacher education, organizational atmosphere, fellow physical education teachers, and sports facility. Second, occupational socialization of beginning physical education teachers showed a partial positive effect on health perception education. These results suggest that the Korean Metropolitan and Provincial Offices of Education and Korean schools should develop various methods to support and ensure the occupational socialization of beginning physical education teachers. Such efforts may enable these new professionals to effectively adapt to their schools, teaching roles, and provide effective health education to students under the difficult context of the COVID-19 pandemic, wherein normal educational activities are hindered.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Physical Education and Training , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Education , Humans , Pandemics , Perception , Reproducibility of Results , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Socialization
18.
Prog Community Health Partnersh ; 16(2): 155-168, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35662143

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Community health assessment and improvement planning processes (CHA/CHIP) are often challenged with developing health actions that reach across a large community, city or county and that incorporate locally informed issues and place-specific strategies. In co-learning about approaches for enhancing CHA/CHIP processes through youth stakeholder input, a partnership of academic and community leaders came together to create The Youth-Led Community Health Learning Initiative (YLCHLI), a 1-year pilot initiative aimed at identifying health needs and assets in partnership with youth leaders and two central Texas communities. OBJECTIVE: To describe our approach, key findings, and lessons learned in implementing the YLCHLI in two different organizational settings: a high school-based setting and a community-based organization setting. METHODS: Guided by a community advisory board and the Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships framework, the YLCHLI incorporated a mixed methods design consisting of quantitative community health indicator analysis for topics identified in the Austin/Travis County CHA followed by a youth-led qualitative assessment of selected health issues via methods that included participatory mapping, data walks, and photovoice. RESULTS: Youth-informed findings provided rich insights and context for understanding disparities in selected health issues, including identification of social and environmental barriers to physical activity, healthy eating, health services, and mental health, and locally informed recommendations for community health improvement. CONCLUSION: High school health science tracks and community- based organizations represent promising settings for fostering community partnerships and youth engagement in identifying local health needs and opportunities that can enhance community health improvement planning and contribute to positive youth development.


Subject(s)
Community Health Planning , Public Health , Adolescent , Community-Based Participatory Research/methods , Health Education , Health Promotion , Humans
19.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 441, 2022 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672843

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dietary modifications are considered a first-line intervention for chronic disease management, yet graduating doctors still report not feeling competent to counsel patients on their diet. Research has focused on methods to address this shortfall in physician competency, including culinary medicine. Culinary medicine is an approach to education that involves hands-on food and cooking learning experiences to equip participants with tools for improving the nutrition behaviour and health of their future patients. Despite positive findings in the efficacy of these interventions, they differ markedly in approach and target, which therefore fails to provide adequate evidence that could serve to guide future culinary medicine interventions. OBJECTIVE: A scoping review to synthesize the existing literature on culinary medicine interventions that are offered during medical training. METHODS: Online databases were used to identify literature published prior to April 2022 that involve a hands-on culinary medicine component to nutrition and examine academic impact, feasibility and acceptability. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies met the eligibility criteria. Despite promising gains in nutrition knowledge, confidence and high acceptability of the programs, large variations exist in delivery method, setting, and course content between programs. There is a lack of program cost reporting and long-term follow up of participants, inconsistent evidence for improved nutrition attitudes amongst participants, as well as geographically limited adoption of such programs. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this research demonstrate a clear increase in interest in the use of hands-on culinary medicine programs as educational tools, evidence of feasibility in implementation, and improved student nutritional knowledge, skill and counseling compared to a traditional didactic curriculum. The quality of culinary medicine research studies is increasing and the aims of research are narrowing to focus on how culinary medicine can positively impact medical education. The findings from this review will aid in legitimising culinary medicine as an effective delivery method of nutritional education in medical programs.


Subject(s)
Nutritional Sciences , Schools, Medical , Counseling , Curriculum , Health Education/methods , Humans , Nutritional Sciences/education
20.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 8466797, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35665279

ABSTRACT

The motivation behind this study is to explore the influence of narrative nursing combined with thinking map health education on parturient self-efficacy and neonatal nursing ability. To verify this claim, we have selected 60 parturients who were treated in the hospital from February 2019 to April 2021. Moreover, these patients were randomly assigned to control and study groups. The former received narrative nursing, and the latter received narrative nursing combined with thinking map health education. The nursing satisfaction, maternal and neonatal nursing ability, maternal health knowledge awareness score, maternal self-efficacy, anxiety, and depression scores were compared. Initially, we have compared the nursing satisfaction: in the study group, 22 cases were satisfied, 8 cases were basically satisfied, and 0 cases were dissatisfied, and the satisfaction rate was 100.00%; in the control group, 12 cases were satisfied, 14 cases were basically satisfied, and 4 cases were dissatisfied, and the satisfaction rate was 86.67%. The nursing satisfaction in the study group was higher compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Secondly, we compared the mastery of neonatal nursing ability. The study group mastered the relevant knowledge of neonatal nursing in 23 cases, basically mastered 6 cases, and did not master 1 case, with a mastery rate of 96.67%. The control group mastered the knowledge of neonatal nursing in 12 cases, basically mastered 10 cases, and did not master 8 cases with a mastery rate of 73.33%. In the comparison between the two groups, the mastery of neonatal nursing ability in the study group was higher compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Considering the scores of maternal health knowledge, the scores of neonatal basic nursing, physiological characteristics, breastfeeding methods, environmental nursing knowledge, vaccination, and physical examination requirements in the study group were higher compared to the control group (P < 0.05). In the comparison of maternal self-efficacy, the total scores for promoting development, health care, safety, feeding, and self-efficacy in the study group were significantly higher compared to the control group (P < 0.05). Finally, we compared the scores for anxiety and depression. Before nursing, there exhibited no significant difference (P > 0.05). After nursing, the anxiety and depression scores decreased. Furthermore, the anxiety and depression scores of the study group were lower compared to the control group (P < 0.05). In the health education of primary parturient, the adoption of narrative nursing combined with thought guiding schema can enhance the level of nursing satisfaction and self-efficacy, strengthen the nursing ability of primiparas and the awareness rate of health knowledge, and reduce the occurrence of a maternal bad mood, which is more in line with the requirements of parturient.


Subject(s)
Neonatal Nursing , Self Efficacy , Health Education , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Quality of Life
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