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1.
Int Breastfeed J ; 17(1): 3, 2022 01 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991642

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Donor human milk is the best alternative for preterm infants when their mother's own milk is insufficient or unavailable. The development of human milk banks in China started late, and in most of these banks, the amount of donor human milk is insufficient for clinical demand. Moreover, many mothers are reluctant to use donor human milk due to safety concerns. It is important to understand the potential supply and demand of donor human milk before establishing a new human milk bank. This study aimed to understand women's acceptance of human milk banking in Wenzhou, southeastern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three community health centers in Wenzhou, southeast China, in December 2020. Data were collected from 305 postpartum women selected through convenience sampling. Sociodemographic, perinatal and breastfeeding characteristics, awareness and knowledge of human milk banking and willingness to donate human milk, and to accept donor human milk were assessed. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to explore independent predictors of willingness to donate human milk and to accept donor human milk. RESULTS: Only 17% (52/305) of our participants had heard of human milk banking prior to this survey. The prevalence of willingness to donate human milk and use donor human milk in our study was 73.4% (224/305) and 44.6% (136/305), respectively. Employment (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.30; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.17, 4.50) and human milk banking knowledge (AOR 1.23; 95% CI 1.12, 1.35) were independent predictors of willingness to donate human milk. Monthly household income in the previous year (AOR 2.18; 95% CI 1.17, 4.06), awareness of human milk banking (AOR 2.41; 95% CI 1.24, 4.67) and knowledge of human milk banking (AOR 1.22; 95% CI 1.11, 1.35) were significantly associated with willingness to accept donor human milk. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, awareness of human milk banks among women in the first year postpartum was low. More mothers were willing to donate human milk than to use donor human milk to feed their children. In our study, knowledge of human milk banking was a predictor of both willingness to donate human milk and willingness to use donor human milk. Programs with detailed information on human milk banking are needed to help mothers improve their knowledge and increase acceptance of human milk banking.


Subject(s)
Breast Feeding , Milk, Human , Child , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy
2.
Mymensingh Med J ; 31(1): 99-106, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999687

ABSTRACT

Menstruation, an essential part of the reproductive cycle, is experienced by all adolescent girls. Poor menstrual hygiene is associated with serious ill-health and drop-out from school. An intervention study was carried out to evaluate the outcome of health education on menstrual hygiene practice among randomly selected 45 adolescent girls attending in a purposively selected Shomospur Girls' High School, Khoksha at Kushtia district in 2018. Data were collected before and after intervention by pre-tested, semi-structured interview schedule with a view to explore the practice during menstruation. Majority 23(51.11%) subjects were between 10 to 14 years of age with a mean of 14.42±1.03 years. Mean age at menarche was 12.38±1.15 years. During menstrual period, adolescent girls used to refrain from performing daily household chores (34), skip from attending school (26), stay alone (26) and avoid to mix with others (25). Over two-thirds 31(68.89%) girls forbade nutritious foods like fish, meat, egg and tamarinds. As many as 39(86.67%) girls used to clean their genitalia, and everybody used to have regular bath and washing hands after changing menstrual absorbent. Generally, most of the girls (39, 86.67%) accustomed to use the reusable absorbent. Nearly one third 15(33.33%) girls used to dry the reusable absorbent in room corner, while 5(11.11) in shaded area and 3(6.67%) in the toilet. A considerable number of girls (12) stored the reusable materials in room corner and under the bed. At least 27(60.00%) girls did not use to change menstrual absorbent at school. While after intervention, none of the girls hesitated to attend others and felt safe to perform daily household chores. Moreover, they were confident to attend school and need not to stay alone during menstruation. Cent percent girls practiced to have food containing iron, vitamin C, and drank plenty of water. Warm water with soap and/or detergent was used for cleaning sanitary cloths. An overwhelming number 42(93.33%) of girls used to dry reusable materials in sunlight with a statistically significant difference (p<0.05). Change of behaviour as to frequency of changing sanitary pad (p<0.05) and methods of disposal of sanitary materials was revealed. It can be concluded that imparting knowledge to adolescent girls is effective to keep away from harmful social behaviours, food intake practice and use of sanitary napkin, replace of menstrual absorbent at regular interval and cleaning and storage of reusable sanitary materials with their hygienic disposal.


Subject(s)
Hygiene , Menstruation , Adolescent , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Menstrual Hygiene Products , Schools
3.
Reprod Health ; 19(1): 6, 2022 Jan 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022043

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Male partner's approval is a key determinant of contraceptive use for women living in Sub-Saharan Africa and improving men's support and couple communication is a cornerstone of family planning programs. However, approval is often only measured through the women's perception of their partner's opinion. METHODS: This study conducted in Kinshasa compares contraceptive approval variables from matched male and female partners (n = 252 couples) to establish the frequency of (in)accurate perceptions by the woman, then test their association with modern contraceptive use. Additional regressions estimate individual and couple variables associated with (in)correct perceptions. RESULTS: Results confirm women are poorly aware of their partner's opinion but indicate that perceived approval or disapproval by the woman is a much stronger determinant of modern contraceptive use than her partner's actual opinion. Higher educational achievement from the woman is the strongest driver of misunderstanding her partner's approval. CONCLUSIONS: Women's perceptions of partner's approval are much stronger determinant of contraceptive use than the latter's actual opinion, and stereotyping men's opinion of family planning is a common error of appreciation. However, findings also suggest these misunderstandings might serve women's capacity to negotiate contraceptive use.


Research indicates that women living in Sub-Saharan Africa may not use contraceptive methods if their partner disapproves. However, there are methodological gaps in how this relation has been measured so far. For example, women are often the only ones asked whether their partner approves of contraception and surveys rarely assess how women know of their partner's disapproval and how strongly it has been communicated to them, nor do they ask said partner for his actual opinion on the matter.In this study we address some of those questions by interviewing men and women from married couples separately and comparing their opinion of family planning use. The research uses a population-based survey conducted among couples living in military camps in the capital city of the Democratic Republic Congo, Kinshasa.The results show that women overall are poorly aware of their partner's actual opinion, but act based on those perceptions, nonetheless. In particular, women whose husband disapproves of family planning but (falsely) perceive his approval have some of the highest odds in our cohort for contraceptive use. Conversely, women in a "false negative" scenario (husband approves but they perceive disapproval) are less likely to use modern contraception. Additional analysis indicates that this latter scenario is more common among women who are more educated than their partner, possibly because they are stereotyping his family planning desires. The findings and the discussion also raise the possibility that women may however benefit from ignoring their partners' true wishes in order to fulfill their own contraceptive choice.


Subject(s)
Contraceptive Agents , Military Personnel , Contraception , Contraception Behavior , Democratic Republic of the Congo , Family Planning Services , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Male , Spouses
4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 53, 2022 Jan 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35031017

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study is a baseline survey to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices with regards to the anthrax disease among the communities before demonstrating a One Health approach for elimination of human anthrax in an endemic district of Odisha. A total of 2670 respondents from 112 villages of 14 blocks were interviewed for the study using a structured questionnaire by multi-stage sampling method. Descriptive statistics were reported and logistic regression was performed to estimate the relationship between the variables and knowledge of anthrax. RESULT: Out of 2670 participants in the study, 76.25% were male and about half were illiterate. Most of the respondents (54.19%) were involved in agriculture as an occupation. 71% of the respondents had livestock in their houses and farming was the main purpose for keeping the livestock. Only one-fifth of the respondents (20.26%) knew about anthrax and a majority of them have come across the disease during community outbreaks. Almost 25.9% of livestock owners had knowledge about vaccination against anthrax disease although 83.4% of the livestock owners disposed the animal carcass by burial method. CONCLUSION: The study findings indicated that the community members had poor knowledge of cause, symptoms, transmission and prevention of anthrax disease which may be improved by a One Health approach.


Subject(s)
Anthrax , One Health , Animals , Anthrax/epidemiology , Anthrax/prevention & control , Anthrax/veterinary , Disease Outbreaks , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Livestock , Male , Vaccination
5.
Clin Lab ; 68(1)2022 Jan 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35023673

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 affects millions of people worldwide so WHO declared the COVID-19 pandemic on 11 March 2020. Since the vaccine is in the early trial phase and until it proves its efficacy, the need of finding alternative methods, which can help to curb this pandemic is urgent, so its prevention depends on standard infection control measures. This study's aim is to assess the knowledge, awareness, and practice level of Taif population towards Corona Virus disease - 2019 (COVID-19) sterilization. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted on 504 participants by administering a well-structured questionnaire comprising three sections including demographics, knowledge, attitude, and practice among the general population in Taif governorate KSA, over a duration of three months from July until September 2020. The descriptive analysis was carried out for demographics and dependent variables using the statistical program for social sciences. The t-test was used to detect any relationship between knowledge and practice score percentage of the general population response with respect to their gender and level of education. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 504 respondents willingly participated in the survey, there is a highly significant difference in the knowledge score percentage in respondents aged between 41 - 60 years old in comparison to the age group < 20 - 40 years old also between urban residence in comparison to rural residence, and a highly significant difference in the knowledge and practice score percentage in post graduate respondents in comparison to undergraduate. In addition, there was a significant difference in the practice score percentage in respondents aged between 41 - 60 years old in comparison to age group < 20 - 40, and a highly significant difference was seen in the practice score percentage in respondents living in urban areas in comparison to rural areas. CONCLUSIONS: The suggestion of this study was that knowledge and practice gaps among population, especially in the young age group, had to be covered by holding training programs through workshops or to include courses in the curriculum of ministry of health.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Middle Aged , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Sterilization , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
BMJ Open ; 12(1): e050867, 2022 01 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017238

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A COVID-19 outbreak has been contained in China through effective prevention measures with the collaboration of the citizens. However, there is resistance to self-reported symptoms as required in the international student community. This study explored knowledge level and symptoms reporting behaviours toward COVID-19 among international students. METHODS: An online cross-sectional investigation was conducted among 119 international students across Heilongjiang province and questionnaires implemented through WeChat between 1 and 25 March 2020. The results were explained using descriptive Χ2 test and binary logistic regression analysis using SPSS V.20. RESULTS: In total, 119 international students participated, with a response rate of 90.16%. Of the 119 respondents, 96 (80.7%) knew COVID-19 symptoms, 109 (91.6%) took cognisance of questions on the importance of the maintenance of wearing masks and 113 (95%) on questions regarding hand hygiene in the prevention of disease transmission. However, results show that there were still large gaps in knowledge about questions regarding the virus and the treatment methods (many participants incorrectly believed that the virus could be kill by drinking alcohol or smoking). In addition, more than half of the participants declared compliance with positive health behaviours, however 27.7% did not agree with vaccination (if any), and 31.1% did not agree to be quarantined after being diagnosed with COVID-19. Furthermore, 20 participants (16, 80%) expressed an inclination to deliberately withhold symptoms. Variables in the Health Belief Model showed a significant association with behavioural change. CONCLUSION: From our study, we found that there is evident knowledge about COVID-19 among international students, although orientation and sensitisation are still required. Those who were aware of the benefits of reporting, the severity of COVID-19 and the legal consequences of deliberately concealing information showed a greater willingness to report; conversely, those who believed reporting is very inconvenient and feared being quarantined after reporting showed less willingness to report. A study focusing on international students' knowledge and behaviour amid the pandemic will provide information for countries to cut off the chain of disease transmission of all variants of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Belief Model , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Intention , SARS-CoV-2 , Self Report , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
BMJ Open ; 12(1): e051893, 2022 01 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017240

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study explored Frontline Health Workers' (FLWs) knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on COVID-19 and their lived experiences, in both their personal and work lives, at the early stage of the pandemic in Bangladesh. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a qualitative study conducted through telephone interviews in May 2020. A total of 41 FLWs including physicians, nurses, paramedics, community healthcare workers and hospital support staff from 34 public and private facilities of both urban and rural parts of Bangladesh participated in the interview. A purposive sampling technique supplemented by a snowball sampling method was followed to select the participants. The in-depth interviews followed a semi-structured interview guide, and we applied the thematic analysis method for the qualitative data analysis. FINDINGS: Except physicians, the FLWs did not receive any institutional training on COVID-19, including its prevention and management, in most instances. Also, they had no training in the use of personal protective equipment (PPE). Their common source of knowledge was the different websites or social media platforms. The FLWs were at risk while delivering services because patients were found to hide histories and not maintaining safety rules, including physical distancing. Moreover, inadequate supply of PPE, fear of getting infected, risk to family members and ostracisation by the neighbours were mentioned to be quite common by them. This situation eventually led to the development of mental stress and anxiety; however, they tried to cope up with this dire situation and attend to the call of humanity. CONCLUSION: The uncertain work environment during the COVID-19 pandemic simultaneously affected FLWs' physical and emotional health in Bangladesh. However, they showed professional devotion in overcoming such obstacles and continued to deliver essential services. This could be further facilitated by a quick and targeted training package on COVID-19, and the provision of supplies for delivering services with appropriate safety precautions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Bangladesh , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Pandemics , Qualitative Research , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Am J Clin Hypn ; 64(3): 239-247, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007484

ABSTRACT

Growing evidence supports the use of clinical hypnosis for medical and mental health applications. Most health care professionals lack training in hypnosis, and this may impact their readiness to recommend it. This study examined experiences, attitudes, and interests in hypnosis among health care professionals from a variety of disciplines. Thirty-seven health care professionals completed an online survey prior to attending a talk on hypnosis. Half of survey respondents were physicians or nurses. Most reported no training in hypnosis (70.3%), but half had previously experienced hypnosis. Participants displayed an understanding of common myths and misconceptions regarding hypnosis and felt hypnosis could be useful in health care settings. Despite this, the majority indicated they are rarely or never asked about hypnosis by their patients. A significant majority of survey participants believed individuals providing hypnosis should have both training and certification.


Subject(s)
Hypnosis , Attitude of Health Personnel , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
In Vivo ; 36(1): 241-250, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34972721

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cervical cancer is the second most common malignancy among women in Vietnam, but the country is yet to introduce a national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine programme targeted at adolescents. We determined HPV prevalence and HPV vaccine knowledge among female university students in Vietnam. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We surveyed and screened 1,491 female university students in Hanoi, Hue, and Ho Chi Minh City for their sexual behaviours, HPV knowledge and low- and high-risk HPV infection. RESULTS: The prevalence of any HPV infection and any high-risk HPV infection were 4.2% (95%CI=3.3%-5.4%) and 3.4% (95%CI=2.5%-4.4%), respectively. Being sexually active [adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR): 6.22; 95%CI=3.4-11.37] and having ever been pregnant (aPR: 4.82; 95%CI=1.93-12.04) were positively associated with high-risk HPV infection. Whilst 60% of participants had heard of HPV vaccine, only 4.6% had received the vaccine. CONCLUSION: The low HPV prevalence found in university students in Vietnam indicates that they can benefit from HPV vaccination, along with a well-designed HPV health promotion programme.


Subject(s)
Alphapapillomavirus , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Adolescent , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Papillomaviridae/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Prevalence , Students , Universities , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Vietnam/epidemiology
10.
Saudi Med J ; 43(1): 98-104, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To assess the knowledge and attitudes of physicians of different specialties, including psychiatrists, regarding forensic psychiatry to determine whether further modification or training is needed in the psychiatry residency program. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out using a 3-page, 3-section questionnaire containing 21 questions disseminated randomly online via Google forms using social media platforms. The 482 participants were residents, specialists, and consultants of various specialties. The study was conducted between September 2020 and August 2021 in various tertiary hospitals across Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: A total of 482 physicians were recruited. The most common age group was 25-35 years, comprising mostly Saudis (62.4%). Based on the results, "poor" and "good" knowledge of forensic psychiatry was identified in 89% and 11% of the physicians, while "negative" and "positive" attitudes were identified in 16.4% and 83.6% of the physicians. CONCLUSION: Although the perspective of physicians regarding forensic psychiatry was found to be positive, their knowledge of the topic seems to be lacking.


Subject(s)
Forensic Psychiatry , Physicians , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Saudi Arabia , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35010783

ABSTRACT

(1) Background: Knowledge of COVID-19 prevention among communities is the first step towards protective behaviors. The objective of this study was to assess COVID-19 prevention knowledge among a Middle Eastern and North African community in Houston, Texas. (2) Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a validated quantitative survey; survey questions consisted of three parts: COVID-19 specific questions, general health questions, and sociodemographic questions. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to determine predictors of perception of knowledge on preventing COVID-19 spread. The outcome of interest comprised of "good/excellent" versus "average and below" knowledge. (3) Results: A total of 366 participants (66.39% males) completed the survey. A univariate analysis demonstrated significant differences in self-reported COVID-19 prevention knowledge among those with and without health insurance, different ages, level of knowledge, and perceived severity of COVID-19 infection. In the multivariate logistic regression, two predictors were identified: those in the 18-25-year-old group were more likely to have "excellent/good" knowledge on COVID-19 spread compared to the ≥40-year-old group (OR: 6.36; 95% CI: 1.38, 29.34). Those who somewhat agree with knowing how to protect themselves from COVID-19 were more likely to have "excellent/good" knowledge of preventing COVID-19 spread compared to those that neither agree nor disagree or disagree (OR: 7.74; 95% CI: 2.58, 23.26). (4) Conclusions: Younger adults reported higher knowledge of COVID-19 prevention.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adolescent , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Male , Perception , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires , Texas , Young Adult
12.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 51(1): 20210120, 2022 Jan 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Dentists use dental imaging methods frequently in the diagnosis and treatment of dental diseases. This study aimed to determine dentists' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about radiation protection during dental imaging procedures. METHODS: Dentists from two major dental health centres in Izmir province were asked to participate in this study. The participants replied to a questionnaire that consisted of questions on the use of radiographic devices, knowledge on the radiation protection of patients and staff, and attitudes and behaviors regarding radiation protection. The questionnaire also included questions about the socio-demographic characteristics of the participants. Descriptive statistics of data were performed using the SPSS software program. RESULTS: Sixty-six dentists participated in the survey. The mean knowledge score of dentists on dental imaging, radiation, and radiation protection was 8.3 ± 2.6 out of 17, while the mean attitude and behavior score was 8.3 ± 2.1 out of 27.97% of the participants stated that medical imaging technicians should carry out imaging procedures. The use of rectangular collimators was 9.1%, and using E/F film was 56.3% among dentists. 23.3% of participants stated that they applied the bisecting angle technique during dental imaging, 23.8% stated that they wear a lead apron during imaging, and 37.8% stated that they always used thyroid shields on the patients. In addition, 37.2% of the dentists stated that the patient holds the film during preapical radiography, and 81.5% used the same imaging parameters for adult and pediatric patients. 62% of dentists stated that they question the pregnancy of female patients before imaging. CONCLUSION: Findings of the study suggest that the knowledge of dentists about dental imaging procedures and radiation protection needs to be improved. The implementation and the follow-up of quality training programs in accordance with the standards set by the national authority will be of great importance.


Subject(s)
Radiation Protection , Adult , Attitude of Health Personnel , Child , Dentists , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Pregnancy , Radiation Dosage , Radiography, Dental
13.
Res Dev Disabil ; 121: 104157, 2022 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34971990

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The prevention of HIV or other STIs in people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is a rarely studied subject even though this population group is at the same risk of infection as the general population. AIMS: The present study aims to conduct a descriptive analysis of sexual behaviours and condom use frequency in Spanish men and women with intellectual disabilities and identify the combination of variables that best explain condom use in vaginal intercourse. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The sample consisted of 253 people (56.1 % male and 43.9 % female) aged between 20 and 64 years (M = 38.52; SD = 10.48). Participants completed the Sexuality Questionnaire for People with Intellectual Disabilities and the Sexual Abuse Risk Screening Scale. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: The percentage of consistent condom use is 27.7 % for vaginal intercourse. Lack of knowledge about body boundaries constitutes a risk factor contributing to risky sexual behaviour. Knowledge of HIV-transmitting fluids and perceived self-efficacy are protective factors. The proposed model explains between 35.5 % and 46.6 % of the variance. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The results highlight the importance of considering the judgements people make about their ability to perform preventive behaviour and the provision of information on sexuality adapted to cognitive abilities to minimise the engagement in risky behaviours.


Subject(s)
Intellectual Disability , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Adult , Condoms , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk-Taking , Sexual Behavior , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/prevention & control , Young Adult
14.
Ann Ig ; 34(1): 13-26, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34113955

ABSTRACT

Background: Understanding the level of awareness in adolescents on the value of vaccination is kay to developing a proper culture of prevention to counter vaccine hesitancy and the decrease in vaccination coverages. Study design: The aim of the survey was to evaluate awareness, attitudes, opinions, skills and knowledge about vaccines in a group of Italian adolescents through a paper-and-pencil questionnaire. Methods: The questionnaire was administered to adolescents who had appointments in two vaccination centers of the Public Health Authority of Latina (Latium, Italy), between August 2018 and January 2019. Results: In total, 391 forms were completed by teenagers (median age 16 years, 52% females), Results showed that 53% of participants were not aware of their vaccination status. Knowledge, assessed through questions about vaccines and preventable diseases, was generally poor. However, 89% of adolescents had a positive opinion about vaccinations. Spontaneous searches for vaccine information was low (28.7% had looked for information), despite the medium to high interest expressed. The participants usually sought information on vaccines on generic websites (52.8%) compared to getting information from paediatricians (20.4%) or other physicians (3.7%). However, participants recognized paediatricians/GPs (47%) and schools (46.2%) as the most reliable sources of information. Conclusions: Findings are in agreement with previous published data and can be useful to school and health educators in order to teach adolescents about the value of prevention, providing them with the support necessary to improve their abilities and knowledge.


Subject(s)
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Vaccines , Adolescent , Female , Humans , Italy , Male , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vaccination
15.
Appetite ; 168: 105654, 2022 01 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428474

ABSTRACT

Consumers of meat products are generally shielded from the moral dissonance associated with the killing of livestock. Nonetheless, consumers increasingly look for ways to reduce or avoid meat in their diets due to concerns about individual health and the harmful global impacts of meat production. Campaigns that promote plant-based diets seek to facilitate such efforts by appealing to consumers' compassion, but the effects of such moral appeals on immediate food choice have not been studied. The literature on the psychology of meat consumption, its gendered associations in western cultural contexts are reviewed, and a compassion appraisal model for ethical food choice is tested. In a longitudinal restaurant field study and three laboratory experiments, the effects of interhuman as well as interspecies compassion appeals on meat-containing vs. meatless food choices are investigated. Compassion mediates ethical food choices, but is moderated by denial of the harmful consequences of meat production. Threats to masculinity that are often associated with meat advertising increase men's likelihood to choose meat instead of a vegetarian option. Overall, results indicate that men are less amenable to reduce their meat consumption and that they evaluate vegetarian options as less palatable when exposed to compassion appeals. These effects were opposite for women. Implications for meatless food products and for consumer well-being are discussed.


Subject(s)
Empathy , Taste , Consumer Behavior , Female , Food Preferences , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Male , Meat , Morals
16.
Dermatol Surg ; 48(1): 34-38, 2022 Jan 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous melanoma is strongly associated with tanning bed use. OBJECTIVE: To describe local residents' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding skin cancer and tanning bed use and to estimate prevalence of high risk for melanoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was mailed to 886 local residents (549, aged 18-39 years; 337, aged ≥40 years). Logistic and linear regression and univariate and multivariable analysis were used to assess perceived risk and skin cancer knowledge. RESULTS: The response rate was 21%; 55% of the younger group and 37% of the older group had used indoor tanning, and prevalence of high risk for melanoma according to a skin cancer risk calculator was 18% in the younger group and 33% in the older group. Individuals with high risk scores were more likely to correctly perceive that they were at high risk for skin cancer. Most participants with high risk scores and those who previously used tanning beds reported low likelihood of future indoor tanning. CONCLUSION: Female sex, high risk score, and previous indoor tanning were associated with participants' views of higher skin cancer risk. No specific knowledge gaps were identified. Understanding community residents' attitudes about skin cancer and indoor tanning can help guide interventions.


Subject(s)
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Melanoma/prevention & control , Skin Neoplasms/prevention & control , Sunbathing/statistics & numerical data , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Melanoma/epidemiology , Melanoma/etiology , Minnesota/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Skin/radiation effects , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Skin Neoplasms/etiology , Sunbathing/psychology , Young Adult
17.
J Clin Nurs ; 31(1-2): 209-219, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105196

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is one of the major threats to patients' safety besides being among the principal causes of patient morbidity and mortality. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is reported to be the most common HAI worldwide. CAUTI can be prevented with appropriate practice and care by healthcare personnel, especially nurses, who play the main role in urinary catheter care. Nurses' knowledge and attitude are considered to be important factors that influence their practice. OBJECTIVES: To assess nurses' level of knowledge, attitude and perceived practice regarding CAUTI and its preventive measures. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was adopted, and a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Nurses from the medical and surgical inpatient wards of a tertiary teaching hospital in Malaysia were recruited in two stages using the stratified and simple random sampling methods. A total of 301 nurses participated. Descriptive analysis, an independent t test, ANOVA and hierarchical multiple regression were employed to analyse the data using SPSS software version 25. In addition, a STROBE checklist was used to report the results of this study. RESULTS: Nurses were found to have good knowledge, a positive attitude and good perceived practice regarding CAUTI prevention. Nurses aged above 30 and who had more than ten years of experience reported higher knowledge levels. Knowledge was found to be positively correlated with attitude and perceived practice; however, attitude explained a higher variance in perceived practice of CAUTI prevention compared with knowledge. CONCLUSION: Attitude was found to have a higher significant influence on perceived practice in this study. Educators need to emphasise the inculcation of a positive attitude among nurses rather than just knowledge for CAUTI prevention. Since this study assessed perceived practice, examining nurses' actual practice and its impact on patient outcomes is recommended in future studies.


Subject(s)
Catheter-Related Infections , Cross Infection , Nurses , Urinary Tract Infections , Aged , Catheter-Related Infections/prevention & control , Catheters , Clinical Competence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Tertiary Care Centers , Urinary Tract Infections/prevention & control
18.
Pest Manag Sci ; 78(1): 184-192, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34463428

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In China, pesticide retailers have often been accused of providing inaccurate advice on pesticide use to farmers in a chaotic pesticide market. However, it is unclear whether governmental regulation of sales and advice on pesticide use by pesticide retailers induces them to provide accurate advice. RESULTS: Using survey data of 242 pesticide retailers in 2016, this study analyzes how pesticide retailers in China provide advice on pesticide use to farmers and examines whether governmental regulation induces pesticide retailers to provide accurate advice. The surveyed retailers were found to advise farmers to use the correct active ingredients in only 75.6% of observations. Retailers recommended pesticide application rates higher than the scientifically recommended levels among 57.2% of observations. The bivariate probit model estimation results show that highly intensive governmental regulation increases the probability of correct advice on pesticide use of pesticide retailers in the county and township seats by 13% and 19%, respectively. Moreover, highly intensive regulation can also increase the probability of pesticide non-overuse advice by the retailers from the retailers in the villages by 38%. CONCLUSION: Highly intensive governmental regulation can induce pesticide retailers to provide more accurate advice on pesticide use to farmers, but the effects differ across the locations of pesticide retailers. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Subject(s)
Occupational Exposure , Pesticides , Agriculture , China , Farmers , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans
19.
Nurse Educ Today ; 108: 105161, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649069

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to examine the changes of knowledge, attitude and working intention in nursing students after an undergraduate geriatric nursing education. DESIGN: A systematic review of the literature. DATA SOURCES: Five databases which included CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were searched for this literature review from January 2010 to October 2020. REVIEW METHODS: The review was registered in PROSPERO registry with registration number CRD42020215703. The review examined undergraduate nursing education programs in terms of knowledge, attitude and working intention towards geriatric care among undergraduate nursing students as outcomes. We used JBI critical appraisal tools and Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool to evaluate and assess the quality of the retrieved research papers. RESULTS: The search yielded 19 studies included in the final review, 14 of which were quantitative studies and five were qualitative studies. Four types of education programs were identified. These were type 1, a four-year undergraduate gerontology program consisting of geriatric theory and geriatric care clinical placement; type 2, stand-alone geriatric subject and geriatric clinical placement program; type 3, integrated geriatric subject and geriatric clinical placement program; type 4, solely geriatric clinical placement program. The review found that the type 2 program demonstrated the best educational outcomes in undergraduate students. CONCLUSIONS: This review provided the most recent literature evidence pertaining to undergraduate geriatric education program and its educational outcomes. Future research should focus on the evaluating the content of each type of geriatric education program to inform the development of undergraduate geriatric nursing education.


Subject(s)
Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate , Geriatric Nursing , Students, Nursing , Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Intention
20.
Nurse Educ Today ; 108: 105169, 2022 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653890

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To discover if nursing students have improved their level of pain knowledge and their attitudes towards pain management over the last 20 years. DESIGN: Systematic review utilising the Kable, Pich, and Maslin-Prothero 12 step approach to document a search strategy. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted from 2000 to 2020 using CINAHL, PubMed, Embase and ProQuest. REVIEW METHODS: Studies exploring the level of pain management knowledge and attitudes of nursing students were included. The Critical Review Form - Quantitative Studies provided the appraisal framework (Law et al., 1998). A narrative synthesis of eligible studies was undertaken. RESULTS: Six studies with a total of 1454 participants were included. The studies demonstrated that nursing students have not improved their level of pain knowledge and attitudes towards pain management in the last 20 years. Whilst many nursing students thought they possessed adequate pain knowledge, the studies all demonstrated that their pain knowledge is lacking and that they do not have appropriate attitudes towards pain. Students did not recognise the patient who was not grimacing as being in pain despite the patient report of pain. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the notion that nursing education does not include sufficient focus on pain identification and management. Alignment of nursing pain education with the curriculum developed in 1993 by the International Association for the Study of Pain is needed to ensure nurses have appropriate knowledge so that patients can receive effective pain management.


Subject(s)
Nurses , Students, Nursing , Attitude , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Pain , Pain Management
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