Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 4.827.992
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246803, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339417

ABSTRACT

Abstract Traditional medicine is cheaper and easily available to local people, to care for most frequent diseases in the Northern parts of Pakistan. Our study aimed at inventorying medicine from local plants, documenting their uses, and assessing their market value in 2015-2018 during spring, summer, and winter seasons. A total of 15 trips were made, 5 in each season. Semi-structured interviews with 165 inhabitant's age range between 20-80 years were conducted, analyzed the data is analyzed using Relative frequency of citation(RFC), Use Value(UV), Fidelity Level(FL), Informants consensus factor(ICF), and Jaccard index(JI) to find the most frequent and well-known used species in the area. A total of 86 species belonging to 39 vascular plant families, 33 genera were documented as medicinally important. Family Asteraceae was observed as the dominant family among all the families with 10 species, the leaf was the most used parts and decoction 36% was the most preferred preparation type. Herb was the predominant life form (67%). The maximum UV (0.92) was demonstrated by J. adhatoda L. species, while A. sativum L. shows maximum RFC (0.58), the highest ICF value represented by diarrhea and dermatitis 0.92, and high FL value is recorded 100%. According to our collections, wild species were 45%, invasive species were 38% and cultivated 17% recorded, dicots species were recorded more 81%. Seven 7 medicinal species is being economically important and export to the local and international market of the world, whereas P. integrima L. species were the most exported species according to the local dealers. The investigated area is rural and the local people depend on the area's plants for their health needs, and other uses like a vegetable, fuelwood, fodder, etc. The current result of RFC, UV, ICF, FL, and JI shows that medicinal flora needs to be pharmacologically and phytochemically investigated to prove their efficacy. The documentation of medicinal knowledge is important to preserve this precious old knowledge before it is lost forever, due to technological and environmental changes in the world.


Resumo A medicina tradicional é mais barata e facilmente disponível à população local para cuidar das doenças mais frequentes nas áreas do norte do Paquistão. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo inventariar medicamentos de plantas locais, documentar seus usos e avaliar seu valor de mercado em 2015-2018 durante as temporadas de primavera, verão e inverno. Foram feitas 15 viagens, 5 em cada temporada. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 165 moradores na faixa etária de 20 a 80 anos, com dados analisados ​​por meio de frequência relativa de citação (RFC), valor de uso (UV), nível de fidelidade (FL), fator de consenso de informantes (CIF), e o índice de Jaccard (JI) para encontrar as espécies utilizadas mais frequentes e conhecidas na área. Um total de 86 espécies pertencentes a 39 famílias de plantas vasculares, 33 gêneros foram documentados como medicamente importantes. A família Asteraceae foi observada como a família dominante entre todas as famílias com 10 espécies, a folha foi a parte mais utilizada e a decocção 36% foi o tipo de preparação mais preferido. A erva foi a forma de vida predominante (67%). O UV máximo (0,92) foi demonstrado pelas espécies de J. adhatoda L., enquanto A. sativum L. mostra RFC máximo (0,58), o maior valor de ICF representado por diarreia e dermatite 0,92, e alto valor de FL é registrado 100%. De acordo com nossas coleções, as espécies selvagens foram 45%, as espécies invasoras 38% e as cultivadas 17% registradas, as espécies dicotiledôneas foram registradas mais 81%. Sete espécies medicinais estão sendo economicamente importantes e exportadas para o mercado local e internacional do mundo, enquanto as espécies de P. integrima L. foram as espécies mais exportadas de acordo com os comerciantes locais. A área investigada é rural e a população local depende das plantas da área para suas necessidades de saúde e outros usos como vegetal, lenha, forragem etc. O resultado atual de RFC, UV, ICF, FL e JI mostra que a flora medicinal precisa ser investigada farmacológica e fitoquimicamente para comprovar sua eficácia. A documentação do conhecimento medicinal é importante para preservar esse precioso conhecimento antigo antes que se perca para sempre, devido às mudanças tecnológicas e ambientais do mundo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Plants, Medicinal , Pakistan , Surveys and Questionnaires , Plant Leaves , Ethnobotany , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249104, 2023. tab
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339389

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study was designed to evaluate the strength of association of raised plasma homocysteine concentration as a risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of conventional risk factor. It was a case control study conducted at Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore. A total of 210 subjects aged 25 to 60 years comprising of 105 newly admitted patients of CHD as cases and 105 age and sex matched healthy individuals with no history of CHD as control were recruited for the study. Fasting blood samples were obtained from cases and controls. Plasma homocysteine was analyzed by fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) method on automated immunoassay analyzer (Abbott IMX). Total cholesterol, triglyceride and HDL cholesterol were analyzed using calorimetric kit methods. The concentration of LDL cholesterol was calculated using Friedewald formula. The patients were also assessed for traditional risk factors such as age, sex, family history of CVD, hypertension, smoking and physical activity, and were compared with control subjects. The collected data was entered in SPSS version 24 for analysis and interpretation.The mean age in controls and experimental groups were 43.00± 8.42 years and 44.72± 8.59 years with statistically same distribution (p- value= 0.144). The mean plasma homocysteine for cases was 22.33± 9.22 µmol/L where as it was 12.59±3.73 µmol/L in control group. Highly significant difference was seen between the mean plasma level of homocysteine in cases and controls (p˂0.001).Simple logistic regression indicates a strong association of coronary heart disease with hyperhomocysteinemia (OR 7.45), which remained significantly associated with coronary heart disease by multivariate logistic regression (OR 7.10, 95%C1 3.12-12.83, p=0.000). The present study concludes that elevated levels of Plasma homocysteine is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of conventional risk factors and can be used as an indicator for predicting the future possibility for the onset of CVD.


Resumo O presente estudo foi desenhado para avaliar a força da associação da concentração elevada de homocisteína no plasma como um fator de risco para doença cardíaca coronária independente do fator de risco convencional. Foi um estudo de caso-controle realizado no Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore. Um total de 210 indivíduos com idade entre 25 e 60 anos, compreendendo 105 pacientes recém-admitidos de CHD como casos e 105 indivíduos saudáveis ​​pareados por idade e sexo sem histórico de CHD como controle, foi recrutado para o estudo. Amostras de sangue em jejum foram obtidas de casos e controles. A homocisteína plasmática foi analisada pelo método de imunoensaio de polarização de fluorescência (FPIA) em analisador de imunoensaio automatizado (Abbott IMX). Colesterol total, triglicerídeos e colesterol HDL foram analisados ​​usando métodos de kit calorimétrico. A concentração de colesterol LDL foi calculada pela fórmula de Friedewald. Os pacientes também foram avaliados para fatores de risco tradicionais, como idade, sexo, história familiar de DCV, hipertensão, tabagismo e atividade física, e foram comparados com indivíduos de controle. Os dados coletados foram inseridos no SPSS versão 24 para análise e interpretação. A média de idade nos grupos controles e experimentais foi de 43,00 ± 8,42 anos e 44,72 ± 8,59 anos com distribuição estatisticamente igual (p-valor = 0,144). A homocisteína plasmática média para os casos foi de 22,33 ± 9,22 µmol / L, enquanto no grupo controle foi de 12,59 ± 3,73 µmol / L. Diferença altamente significativa foi observada entre o nível plasmático médio de homocisteína em casos e controles (p ˂ 0,001). A regressão logística simples indica uma forte associação de doença cardíaca coronária com hiper-homocisteinemia (OR 7,45), que permaneceu significativamente associada com doença cardíaca coronária por multivariada regressão logística (OR 7,10, 95% C1 3,12-12,83, p = 0,000). O presente estudo conclui que níveis elevados de homocisteína plasmática são fator de risco independente para doença cardíaca coronária, independentemente dos fatores de risco convencionais, e pode ser usado como um indicador para prever a possibilidade futura de aparecimento de DCV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Coronary Disease/embryology , Hyperhomocysteinemia/diagnosis , Hyperhomocysteinemia/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Fasting
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246385, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339384

ABSTRACT

Abstract Coronary heart disease (CHD) has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although remain controversial, several studies have demonstrated the association of M. pneumoniae infections with atherosclerosis. We evaluated the possible association of mycoplasma infections in patients diagnosed with atherosclerosis by ELISA and PCR methods. Atherosclerotic tissue samples and blood samples were collected for the detection of mycoplasma antibodies (IgA) by ELISA from the 97 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). M. pneumoniae specific IgA, IgG and IgM were measured by using the Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA/IgG/IgM ELISA. Detection of M. pneumoniae targeting the P1 adhesion gene was performed by PCR Acute infection of M. pneumoniae was diagnosed in 43.3% (42) of patients by PCR. The M. pneumoniae specific antibodies were detected in 36.1% (35) of patients. Twenty-five (25.8%) cases had IgG antibodies, 15 (15.5%) cases had IgM antibodies, 3 (3.1%) cases had IgA antibodies, 10 (10.3%) cases had both IgM + IgG antibodies and 1 (1%) case of each had IgM + IgA and IgG + IgA antibodies. None of the cases was positive for all three antibodies. A Pearson correlation coefficient analysis revealed an excellent correlation between the PCR and the serological results (r=0.921, p<0.001). A majority (17, 40.5%) of the M. pneumoniae positive patients are within the 41-50 years of age group, followed by 10 (23.8%) patients in the age group of 61-70 years and 2 (4.8%) patients were >70 years of age. Our study reported an unusually higher prevalence of M. pneumoniae by serological tests (36.1%) and PCR (43.3%). Although the hypothesis of the association of M. pneumoniae and CAD is yet to be proven, the unusually high prevalence of M. pneumoniae in CAD patients indicates an association, if not, in the development of atherosclerosis.


Resumo A doença coronariana (DCC) tem sido associada a significativa morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo. Embora ainda sejam controversos, vários estudos têm demonstrado a associação de infecções por M. pneumoniae com aterosclerose. Avaliamos a possível associação de infecções por micoplasma em pacientes com diagnóstico de aterosclerose pelos métodos ELISA e PCR. Amostras de tecido aterosclerótico e amostras de sangue foram coletadas para a detecção de anticorpos contra micoplasma (IgA) por ELISA de 97 pacientes com doença arterial coronariana (DAC). IgA, IgG e IgM específicos para M. pneumoniae foram medidos usando o Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA / IgG / IgM ELISA. A detecção de M. pneumoniae visando o gene de adesão P1 foi realizada por PCR. A infecção aguda por M. pneumoniae foi diagnosticada em 43,3% (42) dos pacientes pela PCR. Os anticorpos específicos para M. pneumoniae foram detectados em 36,1% (35) dos pacientes. Vinte e cinco (25,8%) casos tinham anticorpos IgG, 15 (15,5%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM, 3 (3,1%) casos tinham anticorpos IgA, 10 (10,3%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM + IgG e 1 (1%) caso de cada um tinha anticorpos IgM + IgA e IgG + IgA. Nenhum dos casos foi positivo para os três anticorpos. A análise do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson revelou uma excelente correlação entre o PCR e os resultados sorológicos (r = 0,921, p < 0,001). A maioria (17, 40,5%) dos pacientes positivos para M. pneumoniae está na faixa etária de 41-50 anos, seguida por 10 (23,8%) pacientes na faixa etária de 61-70 anos e 2 (4,8%) pacientes tinham > 70 anos de idade. Nosso estudo relatou uma prevalência incomumente maior de M. pneumoniae por testes sorológicos (36,1%) e PCR (43,3%). Embora a hipótese da associação de M. pneumoniae e DAC ainda não tenha sido comprovada, a prevalência incomumente alta de M. pneumoniae em pacientes com DAC indica uma associação, se não, no desenvolvimento de aterosclerose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/epidemiology , Mycoplasma Infections/diagnosis , Mycoplasma Infections/epidemiology , Immunoglobulin M , Prevalence , Antibodies, Bacterial , Mycoplasma pneumoniae
4.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 424, 2022 Mar 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35361211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The "4 + 7" volume-based procurement is a "large group purchase" led by the Chinese government, with the aim of reducing the price of medicines by trading volume for price. Although the "4 + 7" drugs had passed the national consistency evaluation, the adverse drug reactions need to be further evaluated to ensure the safety of the "4 + 7" drugs with low prices. We aimed to analyze the occurrence characteristics and related influencing factors of adverse reactions of psychiatric drugs under the chinese drug volume-based procurement policy(4 + 7 policy), and provide references for clinical medication. METHODS: 137 cases of adverse drug reactions of four psychotropic drugs reported under the "4 + 7" policy in Wuxi Mental Health Center in 2020 were collected. The gender and age of patients, related "4 + 7" drugs, involving organs / systems, clinical manifestations, distribution of new / serious adverse reactions, clinic outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 137 cases of adverse drug reactions, the incidence of adverse drug reactions was the highest in patients aged 61-70 (25.38%). Mainly involved 4 "4 + 7" psychiatric drugs, of which olanzapine tablets caused the most adverse reactions (54, 39.24%). The adverse reactions mainly involved the digestive system, nervous system, cardiovascular system, blood and lymphatic system, among which the digestive system was the most common (61, 44.53%). A total of 8 cases (6.16%) of new and 26 cases of serious adverse reactions were reported, all of which led to the prolongation of disease course. Except for the transient side effects, most of that were improved or cured with no death, disability or teratogenicity after stopping or reducing the dose with symptomatic treatment. CONCLUSION: Since more and more drugs will be included in "4 + 7" for clinic, clinical pharmacists should strengthen the publicity and training of the knowledge of "4 + 7" drugs, strengthen the monitoring of adverse drug reactions, and provide timely feedback to the clinic, in order to achieve early prevention, early identification, timely diagnosis and reasonable intervention of the adverse drug reactions under the context of "4 + 7" policy.


Subject(s)
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Aged , China/epidemiology , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/epidemiology , Humans , Incidence , Middle Aged , Psychotropic Drugs/adverse effects , Public Policy
5.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 41(2): 219-227, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130073

ABSTRACT

Theoretical research suggests that racialized felony disenfranchisement-a form of structural racism-is likely to undermine the health of Black people, yet empirical studies on the topic are scant. We used administrative data on disproportionate felony disenfranchisement of Black residents across US states, linked to geocoded individual-level health data from the 2016 Health and Retirement Study, to estimate race-specific regression models describing the relationship between racialized disenfranchisement and health among middle-aged and older adults, adjusting for other individual- and state-level factors. Results show that living in states with higher levels of racialized disenfranchisement is associated with more depressive symptoms, more functional limitations, more difficulty performing instrumental activities of daily living, and more difficulty performing activities of daily living among Black people. However, there are no statistically significant relationships between racialized disenfranchisement and health among White people. These findings suggest that policies aiming to mitigate disproportionate Black felony disenfranchisement not only are essential for political inclusion but also may be valuable tools for improving population health equity.


Subject(s)
Health Equity , Population Health , Racism , Activities of Daily Living , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , United States
6.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 104(4): e122-e124, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939843

ABSTRACT

A 49-year-old patient with a history of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease presented with carotid artery injury following revision functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Carotid artery injury is a rare but catastrophic complication of this surgery. The patient was transferred to our tertiary facility with interventional radiology for immediate management of the carotid artery injury. This case reaffirms that any surgery can have disastrous complications and highlights the importance of multidisciplinary management of complications such as carotid artery injury.


Subject(s)
Carotid Artery Injuries , Sinusitis , Carotid Artery Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery Injuries/etiology , Carotid Artery Injuries/surgery , Carotid Artery, Internal/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, Internal/surgery , Endoscopy/adverse effects , Humans , Middle Aged
7.
Rural Remote Health ; 22(1): 7050, 2022 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35119906

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Past studies examined factors associated with rural practice, but none employed newer machine learning (ML) methods to explore potential predictors. The primary aim of this study was to identify factors related to practice in a rural area. Secondary aims were to capture a more precise understanding of the demographic characteristics of the healthcare professions workforce in Utah (USA) and to assess the viability of ML as a predictive tool. METHODS: This study incorporated four datasets - the 2017 dental workforce, the 2016 physician workforce, the 2014 nursing workforce and the 2017 pharmacy workforce - collected by the Utah Medical Education Council. Supervised ML techniques were used to identify factors associated with practice location, the outcome variable of interest. RESULTS: The study sample consisted of 11 259 healthcare professionals with an average age of 46.6 years, of which 36.6% were males and 94.5% Caucasian. Four ML methods were applied to assess model performance by comparing accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Of the methods used, support vector machine performed the best (accuracy 99.7%, precision 100%, sensitivity 100%, specificity 99.4% and ROC 0.997). The models identified income and rural upbringing as the top factors associated with rural practice. CONCLUSION: By far, income emerged as the most important factor associated with rural practice, suggesting that attractive income offers might help rural communities address health professional shortages. Rural upbringing was the next most important predictive factor, validating and updating earlier research. The performance of the ML algorithms suggests their usefulness as a tool to model other databases for individualized prediction.


Subject(s)
Rural Health Services , Delivery of Health Care , Health Personnel , Humans , Machine Learning , Male , Middle Aged , Professional Practice Location , Workforce
8.
JBJS Case Connect ; 12(1)2022 02 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35108225

ABSTRACT

CASE: A 61-year-old woman presented with a failed proximal ulna allograft-prosthetic composite after revision total elbow arthroplasty (TEA). The ulnar deficiency was addressed using an osteomuscular flap from the distal radius pedicled on the radial artery. At final follow-up, she had minimal pain and a flexion-extension arc of 0° to 130°. Radiographs demonstrated graft incorporation and a stable TEA construct. CONCLUSION: This demonstrates utilization of a vascularized osteomuscular flap from the radius for treatment of proximal ulnar deficiency in the setting of revision TEA. This technique offers an alternative option for the challenge of a failed TEA with ulnar bone loss.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Elbow , Radius , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Elbow/methods , Elbow/surgery , Female , Forearm/surgery , Humans , Middle Aged , Radial Artery/surgery , Radius/surgery , Reoperation/methods , Ulna/surgery
9.
JBJS Case Connect ; 12(1)2022 02 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35108231

ABSTRACT

CASE: A 51-year-old lady with multiple comorbidities presented with T11 spondylolysis in association with thoracic stenosis and myelopathy. Our patient underwent T11-T12 laminectomy, T10-L1 posterior instrumented stabilization, and T11-T12 transforaminal interbody fusion. She had a good neurological recovery, and the radiographs at 1-year follow-up showed good fusion and implant position. CONCLUSION: Spondylolysis is an anatomical defect or stress fracture of the pars interarticularis and usually reported in the lumbar region. This case of T11 spondylolysis in association with thoracic stenosis, spinal instability, and myelopathy is highlighted for its rarity and to reiterate the need for high index of suspicion among surgeons for the timely diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Spinal Cord Diseases , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolysis , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Spinal Diseases/complications , Spinal Fusion/adverse effects , Spondylolysis/complications , Spondylolysis/diagnostic imaging , Spondylolysis/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery
10.
Anticancer Res ; 42(5): 2657-2663, 2022 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489760

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: Many head-and-neck cancer patients receive radiotherapy, which may be associated with significant toxicities. Xerostomia is considered one of the most debilitating late adverse events. This study was performed to identify risk factors for xerostomia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Several characteristics were investigated for associations with late xerostomia in 159 patients irradiated for head-and-neck cancer including age, sex, tumor site and size, underlying pathology, histologic grading, upfront resection, systemic treatment, and type and dose of radiotherapy. RESULTS: Ninety (57%) and 35 (22%) patients experienced grade ≥2 and ≥3 xerostomia, respectively. Grade ≥2 xerostomia was significantly associated with tumor site (nasopharynx/oropharynx/oral cavity/floor of mouth, p=0.049). Grade ≥3 xerostomia was significantly associated with age ≥61 years (p=0.035); trends were found for tumor site (p=0.088), bilateral nodal involvement (p=0.093), definitive treatment (p=0.082), and systemic treatment (p=0.055). CONCLUSION: Risk factors for xerostomia following radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancers were identified including older age, unfavorable tumor site, bilateral involvement of lymph nodes, definitive treatment, and addition of systemic therapies. For patients with risk factors, sparing of the salivary glands is particularly important.


Subject(s)
Head and Neck Neoplasms , Xerostomia , Head and Neck Neoplasms/complications , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Humans , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Salivary Glands , Xerostomia/epidemiology , Xerostomia/etiology
11.
J Bras Nefrol ; 44(1): 42-47, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289006

ABSTRACT

Some cases of patients with IgA nephropathy diagnosed via kidney biopsy and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) positivity have been reported. This article describes a case series comprising patients with IgA nephropathy and ANCA positivity seen at a medical center in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, from 1996 to 2016. A total of 111 patients underwent diagnostic kidney biopsies for IgA nephropathy. Five were ANCA-positive at the time of diagnosis; their mean age was 45 ± 15.3 years and they were predominantly females with a mean proteinuria of 2.2 ± 0.9 g/day and a median serum creatinine level of 2.5 (2.0 - 8,6) mg/dL; all had hematuria. Four of the five were cANCA-positive (80%); all had normal serum C3 and C4 levels; and 80% were positive for ANA. One case presented an association with infection, but no associations were found with medication. One patient had granuloma and another had a collapsing lesion. This article describes the cases of five ANCA-positive patients (with predominantly cANCA positivity) submitted to diagnostic kidney biopsies for IgA nephropathy; one patient had a collapsing lesion, but progressed well.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Adult , Brazil , Female , Glomerulonephritis, IGA/drug therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(2): 12-15, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO - Dentistry | ID: biblio-1361784

ABSTRACT

O papilomavírus humano (HPV) é a doença sexualmente transmissível mais comum em todo o mundo, mais de 150 tipos de HPV já foram identificados, sendo que 25 tipos estão associados a lesões em cavidade oral e genital. O diagnóstico e tratamento precoce das lesões por HPV são importantes para um melhor prognóstico do paciente. O presente estudo objetiva relatar o caso clínico de uma paciente com papiloma de células escamosas. Trata-se portanto de um tumor benigno, onde o tratamento consiste na remoção completa da lesão com a devida margem de segurança. Recidivas são incomuns, contudo o paciente deve manter acompanhamento odontológico periódico, e encaminhado para acompanhamento médico(AU)


Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide, with more than 150 types of HPV identified. Among types, 25 of which are associated with lesions in the oral and genital cavity. Early diagnosis and treatment of HPV lesions are important for a better patient prognosis. The study aim to report the clinical case of a patient with squamous cell papilloma. It is, therefore, a benign tumor, where treatment consists of complete removal of the lesion with the necessary safety margin. Relapses are uncommon, but the patient must maintain periodic dental care and be referred for medical follow-up(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Papilloma , Papillomaviridae , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Palate, Soft/injuries , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Dental Care
13.
J Biomed Inform ; 131: 104108, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660522

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and validate computerized neuropsychological assessment devices for screening patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: We conducted this study in three phases. Phase I involved the development of a conceptual framework of Memory Guard (MG) based on the principles of the cognitive design system (CDS). Phase II involved three steps of feature engineering: item development, filter, and wrapper. Based on the initial items, the number of items in each dimension was determined through analytic hierarchy process. We constructed an initial set with a total of 198 items with three levels of difficulty. Next, we performed feature selection through comprehensive reliability and validity tests, which resulted in the best item bank of 38 test items. The features for modeling were obtained from the best item bank (option scores, reading time scores and total time scores), demographic variables and their MoCA groups. Regarding the heterogeneity of the feature space, we combined the AdaBoost with the Naive Bayes classification algorithm as the decision model of MG. For the screening tool to be used repeatedly, the retrieval practice effect was considered in the design. Phase III involved the validation of measuring instruments. The features incorporated into the modeling process were optimized based on the classification accuracy and area under curve. We also verified the classification effect of the other three classification models with MG. RESULTS: After three steps of feature engineering, a total of 6 dimensions of cognitive areas were included in MG: orientation, memory, attention, calculation, recall, and language & executive function. 38 features were included in the model (17 features of option score, 20 features of time score, and 1 demographic feature). A total of 333 individuals from two communities in Shanghai and Henan province were included in the measuring instrument verification process. Women accounted for 68.2% of the sample. The median age was 63. 15.3% of the participants had bachelor's degrees or above and 111 participants lived in urban areas (33.3%). The results showed that MG had an accuracy of 93.75% and AUC of 0.923, with a sensitivity of 91.67% and a specificity of 95.45%. Compared to the other three classification models, MG that combined the AdaBoost with the Naive Bayes classification algorithm was the most accurate classifier. CONCLUSIONS: MG was proved to be reliable and valid in early screening for patients with MCI. MG that integrated heterogeneous features such as demography, option scores, and time scores had a better predictive performance for screening MCI.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Cognitive Dysfunction , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Alzheimer Disease/psychology , Bayes Theorem , China , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity
14.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 16(6): 102525, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660933

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia unawareness designates failure to detect eminent hypoglycemia. Clarke's questionnaire is one of the most used systems to evaluate this problem. AIMS: To relate Clarke's questionnaire (QQ) results with continuous glucose monitoring data. METHODS: Application of the questionnaire in a sample of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients using intermittent continuous glucose monitoring (iCGM). RESULTS: 111 T1DM patients were evaluated, 56.8% female, mean age 35.0 ± 12.4 years and mean disease duration 18.8 ± 10.5 years. According to CQ, 13.5% had unawareness, 76.6% awareness and 9.9% indeterminate awareness to hypoglycemia. Those with unawareness had longer disease duration (25.1 ± 10.4 vs 18.2 ± 10.3 for awareness and 14.9 ± 9.9 for indeterminate awareness, p = 0.047), more time below range (10.3 ± 4.9% vs 6.3 ± 5.1 and 6.3 ± 4.8; p = 0.009) and higher mean duration of hypoglycemia (131.7 ± 38.6 vs 116.6 ± 49.6 and 131.7 ± 38.6; p = 0.008). In multivariate analysis, mean duration of hypoglycemia was an independent predictor of CQ results. In a receiver operating curve (AUC 0.746; p = 0.004) a mean duration of hypoglycemia ≥106.5 min showed 84.6% sensitivity/64.4% specificity for unawareness. CONCLUSIONS: Our sample had a significative prevalence of hypoglycemia unawareness which increased with longer diabetes duration. iCGM data can be indicative of this problem, with a mean hypoglycemia duration ≥106.5 min being suggestive, albeit unspecific.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Hypoglycemia , Adult , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/adverse effects , Diabetes Complications/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Female , Humans , Hypoglycemia/diagnosis , Hypoglycemia/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Young Adult
15.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 16(6): 102522, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660935

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The goal of the present study was to determine the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and serum klotho levels (pg/ml) in middle-aged and older adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database from the cycles 2013-2014 and 2015-2016 were used to examine serum klotho levels in subjects with MetS and its components defined according to the 2009 Harmonizing Joint Scientific Statement. Sex-specific general linear models adjusted for potential confounders were assembled to compare mean log klotho levels between subjects with MetS and their healthy counterparts. RESULTS: Of 5069 participants aged 40-79 years, the prevalence of MetS was 44.8% in men and 45.1% in women. Overall, older adults, men, non-Hispanic whites, smokers, alcohol users, and subjects with decreased renal function were characteristics associated with lower klotho levels. Notably, serum klotho levels in women progressively decreased as the number of MetS components increased. Multivariate models demonstrated that women with MetS had significantly lower mean log klotho levels (6.65 vs. 6.70; P < .05) than those who did not. Likewise, abdominal obesity (6.5 vs. 6.68; P < .05) and elevated triglycerides levels (6.64 vs 6.68; P < .05) were the MetS components independently correlated with lower klotho levels. CONCLUSIONS: MetS in middle-aged and older adults was significantly and inversely associated with serum klotho levels. This association was particularly seen in women, and subjects with abdominal obesity or elevated triglycerides.


Subject(s)
Hypertriglyceridemia , Metabolic Syndrome , Aged , Aging , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity/complications , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Triglycerides
16.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 56(2): 231-239, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35665521

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) have no effect on non-acid reflux events which can continue to provoke gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms. Baclofen, a γ-aminobutyric acid agonist, can decrease non-acid reflux but its symptomatic benefit in refractory GERD symptoms is understudied. AIMS: To assess the efficacy of baclofen 10 mg t.i.d. vs placebo as add-on therapy in PPI-refractory GERD symptoms, in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. METHODS: Patients with persisting typical GERD symptoms on b.i.d. PPI therapy were randomised to 4 weeks of baclofen 10 mg or placebo t.i.d. Before and after treatment, patients underwent 24 h impedance-pH monitoring on-PPI. Throughout the study, patients filled out ReQuest diaries. Data were analysed using mixed models. RESULTS: About 60 patients were included (age 47.5 years [range 19-73], 41f/19 m), 31 patients were randomised to baclofen. One patient withdrew consent and five in the baclofen group stopped treatment due to side effects. There was a trend towards a better response for general wellbeing in the baclofen-treated group compared to placebo (p = 0.06). When subdividing patients according to symptom association probability (SAP), only the SAP+ (n = 25) group improved significantly with baclofen (pcorr  = 0.02), and worsened with placebo (pcorr  = 0.008). The total number of reflux events decreased over time (p = 0.01), mainly due to the baclofen condition (pcorr  = 0.1). The number of reflux events with a high proximal extent dropped significantly after baclofen (pcorr  = 0.009), but not placebo. CONCLUSION: Baclofen decreases several reflux parameters in PPI refractory GERD symptoms, but pH-impedance monitoring is necessary before treatment as only SAP+ patients experience clinical benefit after 4 weeks.


Subject(s)
Gastroesophageal Reflux , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Adult , Aged , Baclofen/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Gastroesophageal Reflux/drug therapy , Humans , Middle Aged , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
17.
Clin Nutr ; 41(7): 1523-1531, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667268

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Whether early young adulthood dietary patterns predict the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes-related endpoints prior to middle age remains unknown. We examined the prospective associations of dietary patterns in early young adulthood with MetS and diabetes-related endpoints at later young adulthood. METHODS: We used data of young adults from a long running birth cohort in Australia. The Western dietary pattern rich in meats, refined grains, processed and fried foods and the prudent dietary pattern rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains and legumes were derived using principal component analysis at the 21-year follow-up from dietary data obtained by a food frequency questionnaire. Fasting blood samples at 30 years were collected from each participant and their blood biomarkers, anthropometric and blood pressure were measured. MetS, insulin resistance, and prediabetes were based on clinical cut-offs; increased ß-cell function and insulin resistance were based on upper quartiles. Log-binomial models were used to estimate diet-related risks of each outcome adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Greater adherence to the Western pattern predicted higher risks of MetS (RR: 2.32; 95% CI: 1.34, 4.00), increased insulin resistance (1.69; 1.07, 2.65), high ß-cell function (1.60; 1.10, 2.31) and less likelihood of increased insulin sensitivity (0.57; 0.39, 0.84) in adjusted models. Conversely, adhering more to the prudent pattern predicted lower risks of MetS (RR: 0.47; 95% CI: 0.29, 0.75), increased insulin resistance (0.57; 0.39, 0.82), high ß-cell function (0.69; 0.50, 0.93) and a greater likelihood of increased insulin sensitivity (1.84; 1.30, 2.60). CONCLUSION: This prospective study of young adults indicates greater adherence to unhealthy Western diet predicted higher risks of MetS and increased insulin resistance, whereas healthy prudent diet predicted lower risks. Optimizing diets to improve later cardiometabolic health needs to occur in early adulthood.


Subject(s)
Insulin Resistance , Metabolic Syndrome , Adult , Diet , Diet, Western/adverse effects , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Insulin , Longitudinal Studies , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Vegetables , Young Adult
18.
Menopause ; 29(6): 664-670, 2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674647

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To identify the frequency of clinical suspicion of sarcopenic obesity (CSSO) and probable sarcopenic obesity (PSO) and to estimate the association between them and surgical menopause. METHODS: A cross-sectional study carried out in women residing in Colombia, ages 60 to 75 years. Body mass index, the SARC-F scale, SARC-CalF < 31, and SARC-CalF <33 versions adding the calf circumference measurement in the last two were used to identify CSSO. Muscle strength measurement was added to the above measures to establish PSO. Surgical menopause was defined in women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy simultaneously with hysterectomy before natural menopause. Adjusted and unadjusted logistic regression were performed between CSSO or PSO with surgical menopause, bilateral oophorectomy after natural menopause, and abdominal hysterectomy with ovarian preservation. All participants provided informed consent. P < 0.05 was statistically significant. RESULTS: Seven hundred women 67.0 ±â€Š4.8 years old were included; 23.7% were obese, 68.1% had reduced muscle strength, and 4.2% had surgical menopause. CSSO was found in 3.0% with SARC-F and with SARC-CalF < 31; whereas 2.0% were found with SARC-CalF <33. PSO was found in 2.4%, 1.5%, and 2.2% with SARC-F, SARC-CalF <31, and SARC-CalF <33, respectively. Surgical menopause was associated with PSO but was not associated with CSSO. Bilateral oophorectomy after menopause and hysterectomy with ovarian preservation were not associated with CSSO or PSO. CONCLUSIONS: In a group of older adult women, the frequency of CSSO was up to 3.0% and PSO up to 2.4%. Surgical menopause was statistically significantly associated with PSO. On the contrary, CSSO was not associated.


Subject(s)
Genital Diseases, Female , Sarcopenia , Aged , Colombia/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Menopause , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Obesity/epidemiology , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Syndrome
19.
Menopause ; 29(6): 654-663, 2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the severity of climacteric symptoms (CS) and orgasmic dysfunction (OD), controlled by demographic, clinical, and partner variables. METHODS: We carried out a secondary analysis of a multicenter Latin American cross-sectional study that surveyed sexually active women 40 to 59 years old. We assessed CS (global, somatic, psychological, or urogenital domains) and OD. Also, we explored clinical variables and partner sexual conditions. We performed logistic regression models with nonparametric bootstrap resampling to estimate crude and adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: We included data of 5,391 women in the analysis. Regarding CS, 24.8%, 10.8%, 28.4%, and 32.9% had respectively severe symptoms according to total, somatic, psychological, and urogenital domain scores of the Menopause Rating Scale. OD was found in 25.4% of women. The adjusted model (including menopausal status and partner sexual dysfunction) showed that severe CS increased the odds of OD (aOR = 2.77; 95% CI: 2.41-3.19 [total Menopause Rating Scale score]; aOR = 1.65; 95% CI: 1.37-2.00 [somatic domain]; aOR = 2.02; 95% CI: 1.76-2.32 [psychological domain] and aOR = 3.89; 95% CI: 3.40-4.45 [urogenital]). CONCLUSIONS: Severe CS were associated with OD independently of demographic, clinical, and partner variables. Severe urogenital symptoms had the strongest association.


Subject(s)
Climacteric , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Latin America/epidemiology , Menopause/psychology , Middle Aged , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/epidemiology , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Menopause ; 29(6): 671-679, 2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a co-designed early menopause digital resource, including audio/video clips, question prompt list, and information links. METHODS: Pre/post-test study. Women with early menopause, defined as menopause before age 45 years, were recruited from the community. Following online informed consent, participants were emailed links to the digital resource and online surveys to complete before (baseline) and, immediately and 1 month after viewing the resource. Main outcome measures: Health-related empowerment (Health Education Impact Questionnaire), illness perception (Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire), menopause symptoms (Greene Climacteric Scale), risk perception, and knowledge change. RESULTS: One hundred fifty women participated. Compared to baseline, at 1-month health-related empowerment, 'health directed behavior' scores increased (mean change: +0.13; 95% CI: 0.01-0.24; and P = 0.03), 'emotional distress' decreased (mean change: -0.15; 95% CI: -0.25 to -0.05; and P = 0.003) and physical and emotional menopause symptom scores decreased (P = 0.001 and P  = 0.02, respectively). Illness perception scores increased at both immediate and 1-month follow-up versus baseline for 'personal control' (P < 0.001 and P  = 0.02) and 'coherence' (P = 0.003 and P  < 0.001). After viewing the digital resource, more women perceived that hormone therapy decreases heart disease risk, reduces hot flashes, and prevents fractures versus baseline (all P  < 0.05). More women correctly answered questions regarding early menopause prevalence (60% vs 35%), cause (46% vs 33%), risk (76% vs 55%), effect of phytoestrogens (60% vs 27%), and osteoporosis prevention (64% vs 44%) at immediate or 1-month follow-up versus baseline (all P  < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A co-designed early menopause digital resource may improve women's health-related empowerment, illness perception, menopause symptoms, risk perception, and knowledge.


Video Summary:http://links.lww.com/MENO/A923.


Subject(s)
Climacteric , Menopause, Premature , Female , Hot Flashes/epidemiology , Hot Flashes/psychology , Humans , Menopause/psychology , Middle Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Women's Health
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL
...