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1.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1430, abr.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF - Nursing | ID: biblio-1387072

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o cotidiano de trabalho dos profissionais de saúde de uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento (UPA), com ênfase nos estressores ocupacionais relacionados à pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudo de caso qualitativo, fundamentado no referencial teórico-metodológico de Michel de Certeau acerca do cotidiano, realizado em uma UPA porte II do interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foi realizada triangulação de dados, com observações, entrevistas com 31 profissionais e análise documental. Os dados foram organizados no MAXQDA2020® e submetidos à análise de conteúdo de Bardin. Resultados: o cotidiano da UPA foi alterado pela pandemia e a instituição passou por adaptações para atender os casos suspeitos ou confirmados de COVID-19, com novas estratégias de funcionamento e redefinição do mapa da assistência. Os estressores ocupacionais identificados foram falta de clareza nas informações iniciais sobre a doença, medo de se contaminarem ou a familiares, uso de equipamentos de proteção individual (EPIs), testagem, afastamento e sobrecarga de profissionais, risco de falta de medicamentos e estigmatização dos profissionais de saúde. Por outro lado, disponibilidade de EPIs, queda do número de atendimentos, orientações e treinamentos foram fatores protetores contra o estresse. Ademais, alguns profissionais adotaram táticas para amenizar os estressores decorrentes da pandemia. Conclusão: o cotidiano da UPA foi alterado e o estresse ocupacional relacionado à pandemia acomete profissionais de saúde. Medidas de proteção da saúde mental são necessárias para que possam enfrentar a grave crise sanitária, com vistas à prevenção do sofrimento, melhor qualidade de vida no trabalho e melhores condições laborais e de atendimento aos usuários.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el trabajo diario de los profesionales de la salud en una Unidad de Cuidados de Emergencia (UPA), con énfasis en los estresores ocupacionales relacionados con la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: estudio de caso cualitativo, basado en el marco teórico-metodológico de Michel de Certeau sobre la vida cotidiana, realizado en una UPA tamaño II en el interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Se realizó triangulación de datos, con observaciones, entrevistas a 31 profesionales y análisis de documentos. Los datos se organizaron en MAXQDA2020® y sometidos al análisis de contenido de Bardin. Resultados: la vida cotidiana de la UPA fue modificada por la pandemia y la institución fue adaptada para atender casos sospechosos o confirmados de COVID-19, con nuevas estrategias operativas y redefinición del mapa de atención. Los estresores ocupacionales identificados fueron falta de claridad en la información inicial sobre la enfermedad, miedo a contaminarse o de familiares, uso de equipo de protección personal (EPI), pruebas, baja y sobrecarga de profesionales, riesgo de falta de medicación y estigmatización de los profesionales de la salud. Por otro lado, la disponibilidad de EPP, la disminución del número de consultas, la orientación y la formación fueron factores protectores frente al estrés. Además, algunos profesionales adoptaron tácticas para aliviar los factores estresantes resultantes de la pandemia. Conclusión: la vida diaria de la UPA cambió y el estrés laboral relacionado con la pandemia afecta a los profesionales de la salud. Las medidas de protección de la salud mental son necesarias para que puedan afrontar la grave crisis sanitaria, con el fin de prevenir el sufrimiento, mejorar la calidad de vida en el trabajo y mejores condiciones de trabajo y servicio para los usuarios.


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the daily work of health professionals in an Emergency Care Unit (ECU), with an emphasis on occupational stressors related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: qualitative case study, based on Michel de Certeau's theoretical-methodological framework about everyday life, carried out in a ECU size II in the countryside of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Data triangulation was performed, with observations, interviews with 31 professionals and document analysis. Data were organized in MAXQDA2020® and submitted to Bardin's content analysis. Results: the daily life in the ECU was changed by the pandemic and the institution underwent adaptations to attend to suspected or confirmed cases of COVID-19, with new operating strategies and redefinition of the assistance map. The occupational stressors identified were lack of clarity in the initial information about the disease, fear of contaminating themselves or family members, use of personal protective equipment (PPE), testing, removal and overload of professionals, risk of lack of medication and stigmatization of professionals of health. On the other hand, availability of PPE, drop in the number of visits, guidance and training were protective factors against stress. In addition, some professionals have adopted tactics to alleviate the stressors arising from the pandemic. Conclusion: the routine of the ECU has changed and the occupational stress related to the pandemic affects health professionals. Mental health protection measures are necessary so that they can face the serious health crisis, with a view to preventing suffering, better quality of life at work and better working conditions and service to users.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Stress , COVID-19 , Security Measures/standards , Working Conditions , Health Centers , Occupational Health , Health Personnel/psychology , Pandemics , Protective Factors , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution
2.
Am J Nurs ; 122(2): 36-43, 2022 Feb 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35027523

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The COVID-19 pandemic has created unique challenges for health care workers, who have demonstrated dedication, collaboration, and innovation in response. In this article, the authors describe an important nursing innovation they employed at Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx, New York, during the spring 2020 COVID-19 surge: the relocation of smart IV infusion pumps outside of patient rooms. The goals of this innovation were to improve delivery of care, conserve personal protective equipment, limit the spread of the virus, and protect staff from exposure. The authors discuss the initial concerns that arose regarding the safety and efficacy of this practice; the research they conducted with other colleagues in nursing, pharmacy, infection control, and patient safety in the face of scant clinical literature relevant to the difficult circumstances the pandemic created; and the strategies they ultimately employed to ensure that this practice maintained safety and efficacy.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/transmission , Infusion Pumps , Patient Isolation/methods , Patients' Rooms/organization & administration , COVID-19/therapy , Humans , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e56401, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367453

ABSTRACT

Blood-borne viruses, includingthe human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus, have certain common epidemiological characteristics and these viruses infect millions of people worldwide. This study aimed to determine the job satisfaction and the level of knowledge and practices regarding infectious diseases of employees working as hairdressers and barbers.This descriptive and cross-sectional study comprised 1200 hairdressers and barbers. The study sample comprised 628 people who consented to participate in the study. The mean age of the participants who participated in the study was 28, 13 ± 6. 9 years. The mean job satisfaction score of the participants was 3.85 ± 0.58. The job satisfaction score was found to be higher among those with sufficient knowledge of hepatitis B (p < 0.005). Employees should be provided performance trainings to achieve job satisfaction. It is recommended that employees be encouraged to wear gloves and gowns to protect their health and prevent contamination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Barbering/instrumentation , HIV , Knowledge , Beauty and Aesthetics Centers , Hepatitis B/epidemiology , Hepatitis B/virology , Hepatitis B virus , Communicable Diseases/transmission , Communicable Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Health/ethnology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/virology , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Personal Protective Equipment/virology , Job Satisfaction , Occupational Groups
5.
Nurs Outlook ; 70(1): 137-144, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627616

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has required nursing innovations to meet patient care needs not previously encountered. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe nursing innovations conceived, implemented, and desired during the first COVID-19 surge. METHODS: The investigators invited registered nurses employed across 16 Midwest hospitals (6,207) to complete the survey. Respondents provided demographics and written descriptions of innovations they conceived, witnessed, and desired. Investigators analyzed text responses using standard content analytic procedures and summarized quantitative demographics using percentages. FINDINGS: Nurses reported seven types of innovations that would (a) improve personal protective equipment (PPE), (b) limit the need to repeatedly don and doff PPE, (c) ensure safer practice, (d) conserve and access supplies, (e) provide patient and family education and support, (f) make team member communication more efficient, and (g) improve peer support. DISCUSSION: Nurses are in a unique position to generate innovative solutions to meet patient care needs under adverse and rapidly changing situations.


Subject(s)
Communication , Diffusion of Innovation , Occupational Health , Patient Care/standards , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Universities , Adult , COVID-19 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Hospitals , Humans , Indiana , Male , Patient Education as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Public Health Rep ; 137(2): 208-212, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969322

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic created unprecedented strain on the personal protective equipment (PPE) supply chain. Given the dearth of PPE and consequences for transmission, GetMePPE Chicago (GMPC) developed a PPE allocation framework and system, distributing 886 900 units to 274 institutions from March 2020 to July 2021 to address PPE needs. As the pandemic evolved, GMPC made difficult decisions about (1) building reserve inventory (to balance present and future, potentially higher clinical acuity, needs), (2) donating to other states/out-of-state organizations, and (3) receiving donations from other states. In this case study, we detail both GMPC's experience in making these decisions and the ethical frameworks that guided these decisions. We also reflect on lessons learned and suggest which values may have been in conflict (eg, maximizing benefits vs duty to mission, defined in the context of PPE allocation) in each circumstance, which values were prioritized, and when that prioritization would change. Such guidance can promote a values-based approach to key issues concerning distribution of PPE and other scarce medical resources in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and related future pandemics.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Organizational Case Studies , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Resource Allocation/ethics , Chicago , Decision Making, Organizational , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Students, Medical , Volunteers
7.
S Afr Med J ; 111(5): 405-408, 2021 03 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852878

ABSTRACT

The global devastation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and its mental health impact is undeniable. The physical and psychological consequences are wide-ranging - affecting patients fighting the disease, frontline workers in the trenches with them, healthcare staff deployed in high-care settings, and families disconnected from their loved ones in their darkest hours. Within 6 weeks of the COVID-19 outbreak in South Africa, the Department of Psychiatry at Stellenbosch University established the TBH/SU COVID Resiliency Clinic to provide psychological support to frontline workers at Tygerberg Hospital. Identified barriers in healthcare workers accessing mental healthcare resulted in moving towards an on-site visibility to try to remove some of these barriers. This greater on-site presence enabled networking and building of relationships with frontline staff that over time highlighted other frontline needs, such as providing psychosocial and spiritual support to patients and their families. We share challenges, lessons learned and recommendations from two initiatives: the TBH/SU COVID-19 Resiliency Clinic, and an embedded COVID Care Team (CCT). We describe the establishment, roll-out and progress of the Clinic and the subsequent CCT.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Personnel/psychology , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Occupational Exposure/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cooperative Behavior , Disease Outbreaks , Hospitals , Humans , Mental Health , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Support , South Africa , Stress, Psychological
8.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(12): 759-765, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34954913

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The increased susceptibility of cancer patients to coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) infections and complications calls for special precautions while treating cancer patients during COVID-19 pandemics. Thus, oncology departments have had to implement a wide array of prevention measures. OBJECTIVES: To address issues associated with cancer care during the COVID-19 pandemic and to assess the implementation of measures aimed at containment of COVID-19 diffusion while allowing continuation of quality cancer care. METHODS: A national survey among oncology departments in Israel was conducted between 12 April 2020 and 14 April 2020. Eighteen heads of hospital-based oncology departments completed a self-report questionnaire regarding their institute's preparedness for treatment of cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: In this national survey, prevention measures against COVID-19 spread were taken prior to patients' arrival and at arrival or while staying in the departments. Most participants (78-89%) reported using a quick triage of patients and caregivers prior to their entrance to the oncology units, limiting the entrance of caregivers, and reducing unnecessary visits to the clinic. Switching to oral therapies rather than intravenous ones when possible was considered by 82% and shortage in personal protective equipment was reported by five (28%) heads of oncology departments. Some differences between large and small/medium sized medical centers were observed regarding issues related to COVID-19 containment measures and changes in treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Oncology departments in Israel were able to prepare and adapt their services to guidelines and requirements related to the COVID-19 pandemic with little harm to their treatment capacity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Hospitals/statistics & numerical data , Neoplasms/therapy , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Health Care Surveys , Humans , Israel , Triage/methods
9.
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 15(12): 1349-1359, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821190

ABSTRACT

Endoscopists are at high risk of exposure and nosocomial transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2 virus) when performing endoscopic procedures due to the highly aerosol generating nature of these procedures. At present, there is still no consensus among endoscopists with regards to the type of protective equipment to be worn by healthcare workers, when performing endoscopy during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This review encompasses a summary of currently published guidelines related to the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) when performing endoscopic procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. With increasing calls to rationalize the use of PPE due to shortages in global supply chains, the review offers a concise summary on the most appropriate and adequate use of PPE when performing endoscopy during the pandemic. It is expected that these adaptations in the use of PPE during the pandemic will help to improve standards of care and safety of healthcare workers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Infection Control/methods , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Antimicrob Resist Infect Control ; 10(1): 159, 2021 11 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749807

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the COVID-19 pandemic context, a massive shortage of personal protective equipment occurred. To increase the available stocks, several countries appealed for donations from individuals or industries. While national and international standards to evaluate personal protective equipment exist, none of the previous research studied how to evaluate personal protective equipment coming from donations to healthcare establishments. Our aim was to evaluate the quality and possible use of the personal protective equipment donations delivered to our health care establishment in order to avoid a shortage and to protect health care workers throughout the COVID-19 crisis. METHODS: Our intervention focused on evaluation of the quality of donations for medical use through creation of a set of assessment criteria and analysis of the economic impact of these donations. RESULTS: Between 20th March 2020 and 11th May 2020, we received 239 donations including respirators, gloves, coveralls, face masks, gowns, hats, overshoes, alcohol-based hand rubs, face shields, goggles and aprons. A total of 448,666 (86.3%) products out of the 519,618 initially received were validated and distributed in health care units, equivalent to 126 (52.7%) donations out of the 239 received. The budgetary value of the validated donations was 32,872 euros according to the pre COVID-19 prices and 122,178 euros according to the current COVID-19 prices, representing an increase of 371.7%. CONCLUSIONS: By ensuring a constant influx of personal protective equipment and proper stock management, shortages were avoided. Procurement and distribution of controlled and validated personal protective equipment is the key to providing quality care while guaranteeing health care worker safety.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Eye Protective Devices/supply & distribution , Health Personnel/psychology , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Masks/supply & distribution , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Protective Clothing/supply & distribution , Safety Management , COVID-19/epidemiology , Humans , Infection Control , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment/statistics & numerical data , Protective Clothing/statistics & numerical data , Quality Improvement , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol ; 35(3): 369-376, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511225

ABSTRACT

Hospitals face catastrophic financial challenges in light of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Acute shortages in materials such as masks, ventilators, intensive care unit capacity, and personal protective equipment (PPE) are a significant concern. The future success of supply chain management involves increasing the transparency of where our raw materials are sourced, diversifying of our product resources, and improving our technology that is able to predict potential shortages. It is also important to develop a proactive budgeting strategy to meet supply demands through early designation of dependable roles to support organizations and through the education of healthcare staff. In this paper, we discuss supply chain management, governance and financing, emergency protocols, including emergency procurement and supply chain, supply chain gaps and how to address them, and the importance of communication in the times of crisis.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Crew Resource Management, Healthcare/methods , Equipment and Supplies, Hospital/supply & distribution , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , COVID-19/economics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Civil Defense/economics , Civil Defense/methods , Crew Resource Management, Healthcare/economics , Equipment and Supplies, Hospital/economics , Humans , Personal Protective Equipment/economics
14.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256454, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473755

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has placed a significant burden on the mental health and wellbeing of frontline health and social care workers. The need to support frontline staff has been recognised. However, there is to date little research specifically on how best to support the mental health needs of frontline workers, and none on their own experiences and views about what might be most helpful. AIMS: We set out to redress this research gap by qualitatively exploring UK frontline health and social care workers' own experiences and views of psychosocial support during the pandemic. METHOD: Frontline health and social care workers were recruited purposively through social media and by snowball sampling via healthcare colleagues. Workers who volunteered to take part in the study were interviewed remotely following a semi-structured interview guide. Transcripts of the interviews were analysed by the research team following the principles of Reflexive Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: We conducted 25 interviews with frontline workers from a variety of professional groups working in health and social care settings across the UK. Themes derived from our analysis showed that workers' experiences and views about psychosocial support were complex. Peer support was many workers' first line of support but could also be experienced as a burden. Workers were ambivalent about support shown by organisations, media and the public. Whilst workers valued psychological support services, there were many disparities in provision and barriers to access. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that frontline health and social care workers are likely to need a flexible system of support including peer, organisational and professional support. More research is needed to fully unpack the structural, systemic and individual barriers to accessing psychosocial support. Greater collaboration, consultation and co-production of support services and their evaluation is warranted.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Personnel/psychology , Psychosocial Support Systems , Qualitative Research , Social Workers/psychology , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/virology , Female , Humans , Interviews as Topic , Male , Mental Health , Pandemics/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Social Support
16.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255986, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383827

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic significantly changed the work of general practitioners (GPs). At the onset of the pandemic in March 2020, German outpatient practices had to adapt quickly. Pandemic preparedness (PP) of GPs may play a vital role in their management of a pandemic. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to examine the association in the stock of seven personal protective equipment (PPE) items and knowledge of pandemic plans on perceived PP among GPs. METHODS: Three multivariable linear regression models were developed based on an online cross-sectional survey for the period March-April 2020 (the onset of the pandemic in Germany). Data were collected using self-developed items on self-assessed PP and knowledge of a pandemic plan and its utility. The stock of seven PPE items was queried. For PPE items, three different PPE scores were compared. Control variables for all models were gender and age. RESULTS: In total, 508 GPs were included in the study; 65.16% believed that they were very poorly or poorly prepared. Furthermore, 13.83% of GPs were aware of a pandemic plan; 40% rated those plans as beneficial. The stock of FFP-2/3 masks, protective suits, face shields, safety glasses, and medical face masks were mostly considered completely insufficient or insufficient, whereas disposable gloves and disinfectants were considered sufficient or completely sufficient. The stock of PPE was significantly positively associated with PP and had the largest effect on PP; the association of the knowledge of a pandemic plan was significant but small. PPE scores did not vary considerably in their explanatory power. The assessment of a pandemic plan as beneficial did not significantly affect PP. CONCLUSION: The stock of PPE seems to be the determining factor for PP among German GPs; for COVID-19, sufficient masks are the determining factor. Knowledge of a pandemic plans play a secondary role in PP.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , General Practitioners , Germany , Humans , Masks , Pandemics
17.
Eur J Gen Pract ; 27(1): 235-240, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431427

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In March 2020, the WHO declared the SARS CoV-2 pandemic. This had an immediate and dramatic impact on Romanian physicians. OBJECTIVES: To analyse SARS-CoV-2 risk perception among Romanian physicians following the official WHO pandemic announcement. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to Romanian physicians (n = 319) between 13 and 27 of March 2020 to determine the perceived threat of exposure to SARS CoV-2 infection, the assessment COVID-19 sources of documentation, physicians' access to personal protective equipment and the attitude towards a prospective vaccine against SARS CoV-2. RESULTS: Confronted with a new and unknown disease, the lack of appropriate information regarding disease management, media pressure and the lack of protective equipment, physicians experiencing a highly stressful a period. We found a significant relationship between the perceived level of fear and the risk of infection with SARS CoV-2 among respondents. A relationship was also found between the perceived level of fear related to COVID-19 and the acceptance of future vaccines against SARS CoV-2. Our data show that doctors working in urban areas considered the medical research on COVID-19 as clearer than those working in rural locations did. CONCLUSION: Pandemic preparedness should focus on measures that make medical practice safe (supplies, working protocols, experience sharing with experts/colleagues from other countries).


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , COVID-19/epidemiology , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Physicians/statistics & numerical data , Adult , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , Disease Outbreaks , Fear , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Physicians/psychology , Romania , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Am J Public Health ; 111(9): 1595-1599, 2021 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436929

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, a shortage of personal protective equipment compromised efficient patient care and provider safety. Volunteers from many different backgrounds worked to meet these demands. Additive manufacturing, laser cutting, and alternative supply chains were used to produce, test, and deliver essential equipment for health care workers and first responders. Distributed equipment included ear guards, face shields, and masks. Contingent designs were created for powered air-purifying respirator hoods, filtered air pumps, intubation shields, and N95 masks.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Equipment and Supplies/supply & distribution , Colorado/epidemiology , Equipment Design , Humans , Masks/supply & distribution , Pandemics , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , SARS-CoV-2 , Volunteers
19.
Pan Afr Med J ; 39: 38, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422161

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: recent infectious disease outbreaks like COVID-19 highlights the importance of personal protective equipments and competent professionals on public health preparedness and response in health care systems. Hence, understanding availability of personal protective equipments and training status of health professionals is very important to fill the gap of COVID-19 preparedness and response. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess availability and adequacy of personal protective equipments and health professional's training status on COVID-19 in Silte Zone, southern Ethiopia. METHODS: cross sectional study was conducted from August to October 2020 in Silte Zone. First four weredas from 13 were selected randomly. Systematic sampling technique was used to select 351 health professionals from 13 health facilities of selected weredas. RESULTS: overall, only 36.1% of the health professionals have received adequate training on COVID-19. About 30% of the health professionals had taken training on emergency plan of COVID-19, about 33% had been taught on COVID-19 treatment procedures. Majority 80.9% of the respondents indicated that personal protective equipments are inadequately available. Face masks, hand sanitizers and eye goggles were most scarce PPEs. CONCLUSION: health professionals have been at the frontlines in responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, challenges remain, such as limited availability of personal protection equipments and inadequate training of healthcare professions was identified by this study. Strengthening of training on COVID-19 and making PPEs adequately available were recommended.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Health Personnel/economics , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Adult , COVID-19/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ethiopia , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 39: 53, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422176

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: health care workers are at greatest risk to being infected with COVID-19 in health care facilities. This study is focused on assessing the level of practice and factors affecting practice towards COVID-19 among health care workers in health care facility of West Guji Zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia. METHODS: health facility based cross-sectional study design was carried out from December 1st to 30th 2020 among health care providers in West Guji Zone. The simple random sampling technique was used in study and total sample size for this study was 281. The data enter into Epi Data version 4.4.3.1 and SPSS Version 25 used for analysis. The descriptive statistics and logistic regression are needed. The cut point for statically significance settled at p < 0.05. RESULTS: the response rate in this study was 97.8%. Of all study participants, 50.2%, 8.4%, and 6.5% had traveling history, chronic illnesses, and contact with COVID-19 confirmed cases. Too much working, lack of training, and shortage of protective equipment were reported by 54.5%, 50.9%, and 29.1% respectively. About 36.4% and 38.2% of health care providers had poor level of knowledge and prevention practice towards COVID-19. Working at hospital (AOR= 0.156, 95% CI=0.033-0.741), awareness of the action during suggestive symptoms and signs of COVID-19 developed (AOR= 0.038, 95% CI=0.002-0.817), hand washing (AOR= 0.043, 95% CI=0.008-0.238), not going to crowded place (AOR= 0.001, 95% CI=0.001-0.030), applying physical distance (AOR=0.091,95% CI=0.041-0.579) adherence to triage and isolation protocol (AOR=0.317,95%=0.039-0.577)and knowledge level of COVID-19 (AOR=2.378,95%CI=1.523-6.322) were factors significantly associated with prevention practice of COVID-19. CONCLUSION: in this study, the knowledge level and prevention practice gap was identified. Type of facility, awareness of the action during suggestive symptoms and signs of COVID-19 developed, hands washing to the standard, not going to crowded place, keeping physical distance, adherence to triage and isolation protocol and having good level of knowledge about COVID-19 were factors associated with good prevention practices. Adequate supply of personal protective materials; provision of continuous on-job training and guideline for prevention of COVID-19 must be given to all health care facilities.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ethiopia , Female , Hand Disinfection , Health Facilities , Humans , Male , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution , Physical Distancing , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
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