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1.
Tech Coloproctol ; 28(1): 65, 2024 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849668

ABSTRACT

This case report outlines the intricate management of rectal perforation following laser hemorrhoidoplasty in a 31-year-old female, leading to an acute abdomen, sepsis, and multiorgan failure. Urgent laparoscopic exploration and the establishment of a double-loop colostomy were undertaken, marking the beginning of a complex course characterized by relapsed pelvic sepsis. Laser hemorrhoidoplasty has gained widespread acceptance for its minimally invasive approach in treating hemorrhoids. Remarkably, to our knowledge, the case we present is the first major complication reported after laser hemorrhoidoplasty, likely attributed to collateral thermic and mechanical tissue damage.


Subject(s)
Hemorrhoidectomy , Hemorrhoids , Intestinal Perforation , Laser Therapy , Postoperative Complications , Rectum , Humans , Female , Adult , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Intestinal Perforation/etiology , Intestinal Perforation/surgery , Rectum/surgery , Rectum/injuries , Hemorrhoidectomy/adverse effects , Hemorrhoidectomy/methods , Laser Therapy/adverse effects , Laser Therapy/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Colostomy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/methods
4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 47: 121, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38854868

ABSTRACT

Introduction: anorectal malformations (ARM) are among the most common congenital anomalies in pediatric surgery. Early detection and management of vestibular fistulas are crucial for optimal outcomes, capitalizing on the pliability of sphincter muscles and the preservation of somatosensory integration. This study aimed to assess the incidence, clinical presentation, and management outcomes of vestibular fistula ARM in a low-income hospital setting. Methods: a retrospective audit was conducted on female pediatric patients aged up to 12 years treated for vestibular fistula ARM from January 1, 2011, to June 30, 2016. Data were collected from medical records, and patients were categorized into one of three surgical management groups. Clinical assessments, preoperative procedures, and surgical interventions were meticulously documented. Results: among 656 neonates, the incidence of vestibular fistula ARM was 8.2%. Patients presented at various ages, with 69.4% being early presenters. Notably, 11.1% of cases presented after 30 weeks of age. Functional fistula, constipation, and bowel obstruction were common presenting symptoms. Associated anomalies were relatively low. The choice of surgical approach varied, with a predominant 3-stage at 68%. Complication development did not significantly differ between surgical groups (p-value 0.083). Immediate postoperative complications were minimal, but complications at definitive anoplasty varied among the surgical groups. Anal strictures and fistula recurrence were noted. At 12 months post-surgery, anal strictures persisted in 9 participants. Conclusion: this study highlights the challenges and outcomes associated with vestibular fistula ARM in a resource-constrained setting. The 3-stage approach, despite its historical preference, demonstrated suboptimal outcomes. A 2-stage procedure appears to offer a balanced alternative, particularly suitable for low-income healthcare systems. Further research and collaborative efforts are essential to refine the management of vestibular fistula ARM and improve patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Anorectal Malformations , Postoperative Complications , Humans , Female , Retrospective Studies , Anorectal Malformations/surgery , Anorectal Malformations/diagnosis , Child , Infant , Child, Preschool , Infant, Newborn , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Incidence , Treatment Outcome , Poverty , Developing Countries , Recurrence , Rectal Fistula/surgery , Rectal Fistula/epidemiology
5.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0304159, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870215

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Adverse events in health care affect 8% to 12% of patients admitted to hospitals in the European Union (EU), with surgical adverse events being the most common types reported. AIM: SAFEST project aims to enhance perioperative care quality and patient safety by establishing and implementing widely supported evidence-based perioperative patient safety practices to reduce surgical adverse events. METHODS: We will conduct a mixed-methods hybrid type III implementation study supporting the development and adoption of evidence-based practices through a Quality Improvement Learning Collaborative (QILC) in co-creation with stakeholders. The project will be conducted in 10 hospitals and related healthcare facilities of 5 European countries. We will assess the level of adherence to the standardised practices, as well as surgical complications incidence, patient-reported outcomes, contextual factors influencing the implementation of the patient safety practices, and sustainability. The project will consist of six components: 1) Development of patient safety standardised practices in perioperative care; 2) Guided self-evaluation of the standardised practices; 3) Identification of priorities and actions plans; 4) Implementation of a QILC strategy; 5) Evaluation of the strategy effectiveness; 6) Patient empowerment for patient safety. Sustainability of the project will be ensured by systematic assessment of sustainability factors and business plans. Towards the end of the project, a call for participation will be launched to allow other hospitals to conduct the self-evaluation of the standardized practices. DISCUSSION: The SAFEST project will promote patient safety standardized practices in the continuum of care for adult patients undergoing surgery. This project will result in a broad implementation of evidence-based practices for perioperative care, spanning from the care provided before hospital admission to post-operative recovery at home or outpatient facilities. Different implementation challenges will be faced in the application of the evidence-based practices, which will be mitigated by developing context-specific implementation strategies. Results will be disseminated in peer-reviewed publications and will be available in an online platform.


Subject(s)
Patient Safety , Perioperative Care , Quality Improvement , Humans , Perioperative Care/standards , Patient Safety/standards , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Europe
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(21): 1979-1986, 2024 Jun 04.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825941

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy of alternate titanium clip closure in preventing postoperative complications for patients with gastric mucosal lesions after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Methods: Clinical data of patients with gastric mucosal lesions who underwent ESD in the Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, were retrospectively collected from January 1, 2013 to August 31, 2023. According to the postoperative wound closure status, the patients were divided into completely closed group (complete closure of ESD wounds using alternate titanium clip closure), partially closed group (partial closure of ESD wounds), and unclosed group (without use of clips for treatment of ESD wounds). The incidence of postoperative complications as well as wound healing at 1 month and 3 months after surgery were compared among three groups, and the factors related to delayed bleeding after ESD for gastric mucosal lesions were analyzed through multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of 846 patients were included, 430 cases in the completely closed group, including 300 males and 130 females, age [M (Q1, Q3)] was 65(56, 72) years old; one hundred and nine cases in unclosed group, including 78 males and 31 females, aged 66 (60, 71) years; and 307 cases in the partially closed group, including 214 males and 93 females, aged 66 (59, 71) years. The difference in the rate of delayed postoperative bleeding between the completely closed group [2.1% (9/430)] and the unclosed group [5.5% (6/109)] was not statistically significant (P=0.072), but both were lower than that of the partially closed group [9.4% (29/307), P<0.05)]. Further stratified analysis showed that, for the lesions located in the lower 1/3 of the stomach, the rate of postoperative bleeding was lower in the completely closed group than in the partially closed and unclosed groups [0.9% (2/222) vs 11.4% (4/35) vs 9.5% (7/74), respectively, P<0.001]. For lesions≥50 mm in length, the rate of postoperative bleeding was lower in the completely closed group than that in the partially closed and unclosed group[0 vs 11.8% (2/17) vs 20.5% (15/73), respectively, P=0.004]. The incidence of postoperative abdominal pain in the completely closed group [84.2% (363/430)] was lower than that in the unclosed group [97.2% (106/109)] and the partially closed group [95.4% (293/307), both P<0.001)]. The score of postoperative abdominal pain in the completely closed group [0 (0, 1)], was lower than that in the unclosed group [3 (2, 3)], and that in the partially closed group [2 (1, 3)] (both P<0.001). The wound healing rate of the completely closed group [80% (176/220)] was higher than that of the unclosed group [52.3% (33/63)] and the partially closed group [52.2% (83/159)] at 1 month postoperatively (both P<0.001); the healing rate of all three groups reached 100% at 3 months postoperatively. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the presence of ulcers or scars on the surface of the lesion (OR=2.930, 95%CI:1.503-5.712, P=0.002), and the diameter (OR=1.031, 95%CI:1.015-1.047,P<0.001) were related factors for postoperative bleeding. Conclusions: The alternate titanium clip closure surgery can reduce postoperative abdominal pain and shorten wound healing time in patients with gastric mucosal lesions after ESD surgery. The risk of postoperative bleeding can be reduced for lesions with a diameter≥50 mm and located in the lower 1/3 of the stomach.


Subject(s)
Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Gastric Mucosa , Postoperative Complications , Humans , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/adverse effects , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection/methods , Male , Aged , Female , Gastric Mucosa/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Middle Aged , Surgical Instruments , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Titanium , Wound Healing , Gastroscopy
7.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 60(6): 479-483, 2024 Jun 11.
Article in Chinese | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825946

ABSTRACT

Posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens implantation is a type of intraocular surgery. With advancements in implant materials and design, this procedure has seen rapid adoption and widespread use in ophthalmology clinics in recent years. However, the changes in surgical techniques and the occurrence of postoperative complications have raised safety concerns that require significant attention in clinical practice. This paper aims to address the key factors influencing the safety of posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens implantation, exploring relevant characteristics, mechanisms, and current challenges. By emphasizing the importance of this surgery and proposing effective measures, it aims to provide guidance for clinical practice, enhance the safety of posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens implantation, and foster the healthy advancement of this surgical technique.


Subject(s)
Lens Implantation, Intraocular , Phakic Intraocular Lenses , Postoperative Complications , Humans , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Myopia/surgery
8.
Lakartidningen ; 1212024 Jun 04.
Article in Swedish | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832571

ABSTRACT

Ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with structural heart disease is potentially life threatening, and most patients have an indication for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Catheter ablation is an effective therapeutic strategy to reduce the risk of VT recurrence and subsequent ICD therapies. However, VT ablation is a technically complex procedure with significant risks and should be performed in experienced centers with appropriate resources. While several reports on outcome and procedural risks have been published, there is currently no data from Sweden. In addition to this literature review, we have analyzed VT ablation outcome data from our center. In 2021 and 2022, 68 VT ablations were performed in 60 patients with structural heart disease. After a median follow-up of 20 months, 18 percent had recurrent VT and there were 2 major adverse events (stroke and complete atrioventricular block). Seven patients died from non-arrhythmia related causes during follow-up. A large proportion (68 percent) were subacute procedures which are associated with a higher periprocedural risk. Referral for VT ablation earlier in the course of disease progression may likely further improve outcomes.


Subject(s)
Catheter Ablation , Defibrillators, Implantable , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Humans , Catheter Ablation/methods , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Tachycardia, Ventricular/surgery , Defibrillators, Implantable/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Recurrence , Male , Female , Aged , Sweden , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/etiology
9.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 144(7)2024 Jun 04.
Article in Norwegian | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832622

ABSTRACT

Background: Common bile duct stones occur in 2-12 % of all patients who undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Laparoscopic transcystic extraction of bile duct stones as a one-step procedure is an alternative to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), with comparable success and complication rates. The study aimed to survey the clinical course in patients who underwent transcystic stone extraction and cholecystectomy simultaneously. Material and method: All patients who underwent transcystic stone extraction in conjunction with laparoscopic cholecystectomy at Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål in the period 1 January 2019 to 30 November 2023 were registered. Results: The study included 23 patients, of whom 16 were women and 7 were men. Five patients had previously undergone a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. A total of 20 patients had undergone surgery with gallstones as the indication. Transcystic stone extraction was successful in 22 patients. The median length of surgery (range) was 190 (115-302) minutes. Three patients developed mild complications related to the procedure. The median number of hospital bed days following the operation was 1 (range: 1-22). Interpretation: Laparoscopic transcystic stone extraction in conjunction with cholecystectomy may be a good alternative treatment for common bile duct stones and appears to be associated with few complications.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Gallstones , Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , Middle Aged , Adult , Aged , Gallstones/surgery , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 177, 2024 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844909

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate and compare the surgical outcomes and complications of Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Decompression (PELD) and traditional revision surgery in treating symptomatic Adjacent Segment Degeneration (ASD). This comparison aims to delineate the advantages and disadvantages of these methods, assisting spine surgeons in making informed surgical decisions. METHODS: 66 patients with symptomatic ASD who failed conservative treatment for more than 1 month and received repeated lumbar surgery were retrospectively collected in the study from January 2015 to November 2018, with the average age of 65.86 ± 11.04 years old. According to the type of surgery they received, all the patients were divided in 2 groups, including 32 patients replaced the prior rod in Group A and 34 patients received PELD at the adjacent level in Group B. Patients were followed up routinely and received clinical and radiological evaluation at 3, 6, 12 months and yearly postoperatively. Complications and hospital costs were recorded through chart reviews. RESULTS: The majority of patients experienced positive surgical outcomes. However, three cases encountered complications. Notably, Group B patients demonstrated superior pain relief and improved postoperative functional scores throughout the follow-up period, alongside reduced hospital costs (P < 0.05). Additionally, significant reductions in average operative time, blood loss, and hospital stay were observed in Group B (P < 0.05). Notwithstanding these benefits, three patients in Group B experienced disc re-herniation and underwent subsequent revision surgeries. CONCLUSIONS: While PELD offers several advantages over traditional revision surgery, such as reduced operative time, blood loss, and hospital stay, it also presents a higher likelihood of requiring subsequent revision surgeries. Future studies involving a larger cohort and extended follow-up periods are essential to fully assess the relative benefits and drawbacks of these surgical approaches for ASD.


Subject(s)
Decompression, Surgical , Endoscopy , Lumbar Vertebrae , Reoperation , Humans , Male , Female , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Reoperation/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Aged , Middle Aged , Endoscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology
11.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 150, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844951

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictors for short and long term urinary continence (UC) recovery after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) from clinical and oncological variables. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 142 prostate cancer patients who underwent LRP between September 2014 and June 2021 at a tumor specialist diagnosis and treatment center in China. The rate of post-prostatectomy incontinence (PPI) was evaluated from immediate and at 3, 6 and 12 mo after LRP, and UC was defined as the use of no or one safety pad. Sixteen clinical and oncological variables were analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression analysis to determine whether they were associated with short (3 mo) or long term (12 mo) UC recovery after LRP. RESULTS: After eliminating patients who were lost to follow-up, 129 patients were eventually included. The mean ± SD age was 68 ± 6.3 years. The UC rates of immediate, 3, 6 and 12 mo after the operation were 27.9%, 54.3%, 75.2% and 88.4%, respectively. Multivariate analyses revealed that membranous urethral length (MUL) was a protective predictor of UC after catheter extraction(P < 0.001), and at 3 mo (P < 0.001), 6 mo (P < 0.001) and 12 mo (P = 0.009) after surgery. CONCLUSION: MUL is a significant independent factor that can contribute to short and long term UC recovery post-LRP, which may assist clinicians and their patients in counseling of treatment.


Subject(s)
Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Urinary Incontinence , Humans , Male , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Urinary Incontinence/epidemiology , Aged , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Follow-Up Studies , Prognosis , Middle Aged , Recovery of Function
12.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 241, 2024 Jun 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833079

ABSTRACT

While partial nephrectomy offers oncologic efficacy and preserves renal function for T1 renal tumors, renal artery pseudoaneurysm (RAP) remains a rare but potentially life-threatening complication. This study compared RAP incidence across robotic-assisted (RAPN), laparoscopic (LPN), and open (OPN) partial nephrectomies in a large tertiary oncological center. This retrospective study analyzed 785 patients undergoing partial nephrectomy between 2012 and 2022 (398 RAPN, 122 LPN, 265 OPN). Data included demographics, tumor size/location, surgical type, clinical presentation, treatment, and post-operative outcomes. The primary outcome was RAP incidence, with secondary outcomes including presentation, treatment efficacy, and renal function. Seventeen patients (2.1%) developed RAP, presenting with massive hematuria (100%), hemorrhagic shock (5.8%), and clot retention (23%). The median onset was 12 days postoperatively. RAP occurred in 4 (1%), 4 (3.3%), and 9 (3.4%) patients following RAPN, LPN, and OPN, respectively (p = 0.04). Only operative length and surgical approach were independently associated with RAP. Selective embolization achieved immediate bleeding control in 94%, with one patient requiring a second embolization. No additional surgery or nephrectomy was needed. Estimated GFR at one year was similar across both groups (p = 0.53). RAPN demonstrated a significantly lower RAP incidence compared to LPN and OPN (p = 0.04). Emergency angiographic embolization proved effective, with no long-term renal function impact. This retrospective study lacked randomization and long-term follow-up. Further research with larger datasets and longer follow-ups is warranted. This study suggests that robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy is associated with a significantly lower risk of RAP compared to traditional approaches. Emergency embolization effectively treats RAP without compromising long-term renal function.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Kidney Neoplasms , Laparoscopy , Nephrectomy , Postoperative Complications , Renal Artery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Humans , Nephrectomy/methods , Nephrectomy/adverse effects , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Laparoscopy/methods , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Aged , Renal Artery/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Incidence , Treatment Outcome , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods
14.
J Vasc Nurs ; 42(2): 99-104, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823978

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most frequent complications in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients after open and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. AKI decreases the efficiency of kidney function, allowing accumulation of waste products in the body, and an imbalance of water, acid and electrolytes in the body. As a result, the functioning of various organs throughout the body is affected. These effects may raise the cost of treatment, length of stay, and mortality rate. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the predictive factors of AKI - preoperative of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), preoperative of hemoglobin level, types of abdominal aortic aneurysms repair, and intraoperative of cardiac arrhythmias - after open and endovascular aortic repair among AAA patients within 72 h. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 196 patients with AAA after elective open and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair within the first 72 h who met the inclusion criteria recruited from a tertiary care hospital in Bangkok, Thailand. Postoperative AKI after elective open and endovascular aortic repair among AAA patients is defined by the 2012 Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Clinical Practice Guidelines. RESULTS: A total of 196 AAA patients, 75.5% were male with an average age of 75.12 years (SD = 8.45). Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair was used more frequently than open aortic aneurysm repair (64.8% vs 35.2%) and 37.2% of the AAA patients had intraoperative cardiac arrhythmias. The occurrence of AKI among the AAA patients after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair within 72 h was 54.1%. The AKI rate of EVAR patients was 69.8% while the AKI rate for OAR patients was 30.2%. The preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and hemoglobin level were found to jointly predict AKI and explain 32.2% of the variance (Nagelkerke R2 = 0.322, p < .05). However, the type of abdominal aortic aneurysms repair and intraoperative cardiac arrhythmias did not correlate with the incidence of AKI in AAA repair patients. The predictive factors for AKI among AAA patients after aortic aneurysm repair were preoperative eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (OR = 4.436, 95% CI: 2.202-8.928, p < .001) and preoperative hemoglobin level between 8.1-10.0 g/dL (OR = 4.496, 95% CI: 1.831-11.040, p = .001). CONCLUSION: Preoperative eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 and preoperative hemoglobin level between 8.1-10.0 g/dL were the predictive factors for AKI among AAA patients after both open and endovascular AAA repair. Therefore, healthcare providers should be aware of and monitor signs of AKI after surgery in AAA patients, especially those undergoing EVAR with lower eGFR and hemoglobin levels.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Endovascular Procedures , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Postoperative Complications , Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Male , Female , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Thailand , Hemoglobins/analysis , Hemoglobins/metabolism
15.
Tech Coloproctol ; 28(1): 62, 2024 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824195

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Despite novel medical therapies, rates of surgery in ulcerative colitis remain relevant. While various surgical approaches for multistep proctocolectomy are available, overall evidence is low and robust recommendations are lacking for individual procedures especially in case of refractory inflammation and signs of malnutrition. METHODS: All patients who received multistep proctocolectomy between 2010 and 2021 for ulcerative colitis were evaluated and divided into two groups (two-step/2-IPAA [ileal pouch-anal anastomosis] versus three-step/3-IPAA proctocolectomy). Patient characteristics as well as short- and long-outcomes were individually analyzed. RESULTS: Surgical techniques were explained in detail. Fifty patients were included in the study with 27 patients receiving 2-IPAA and 23 patients 3-IPAA. Rates of postoperative complications were comparable for both groups. While patients receiving 2-IPAA were more often suffering from malignancy, 3-IPAA resulted in a significant increase of hemoglobin and albumin levels as well as a reduction of immunosuppressive medication. Rates of stoma reversal trended to be reduced for 3-IPAA compared to 2-IPAA (52.2% vs. 77.8%, p = 0.06). CONCLUSION: Three-step proctocolectomy with creation of sigmoidostomy is a safe procedure and reasonable surgical approach in patients with preoperatively high dosages of immunosuppressive medication or risk factors such as persistent active inflammation and anemia.


Subject(s)
Colitis, Ulcerative , Nutritional Status , Postoperative Complications , Proctocolectomy, Restorative , Humans , Colitis, Ulcerative/surgery , Proctocolectomy, Restorative/adverse effects , Proctocolectomy, Restorative/methods , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage
16.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 166(1): 244, 2024 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Surgical resection of insular gliomas is a challenge. TO resection is considered more versatile and has lower risk of vascular damage. In this study, we aimed to understand the factors that affect resection rates, ischemic changes and neurological outcomes and studied the utility of IONM in patients who underwent TO resection for IGs. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 66 patients with IG who underwent TO resection was performed. RESULTS: Radical resection was possible in 39% patients. Involvement of zone II and the absence of contrast enhancement predicted lower resection rate. Persistent deficit rate was 10.9%. Although dominant lobe tumors increased immediate deficit and fronto-orbital operculum involvement reduced prolonged deficit rate, no tumor related factor showed significant association with persistent deficits. 45% of patients developed a postoperative infarct, 53% of whom developed deficits. Most affected vascular territory was lenticulostriate (39%). MEP changes were observed in 9/57 patients. 67% of stable TcMEPs and 74.5% of stable strip MEPs did not develop any postoperative motor deficits. Long-term deficits were seen in 3 and 6% patients with stable TcMEP and strip MEPs respectively. In contrast, 25% and 50% of patients with reversible strip MEP and Tc MEP changes respectively had persistent motor deficits. DWI changes were clinically more relevant when accompanied by MEP changes intraoperatively, with persistent deficit rates three times greater when MEP changes occurred than when MEPs were stable. CONCLUSION: Radical resection can be achieved in large, multizone IGs, with reasonable outcomes using TO approach and multimodal intraoperative strategy with IONM.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Glioma , Humans , Glioma/surgery , Glioma/pathology , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Adult , Brain Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Aged , Insular Cortex/surgery , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Young Adult
17.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 315, 2024 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824517

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) occurs in up to 40% of patients following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and is associated with a higher risk of stroke and mortality. This study investigates how POAF may be mitigated by epicardial placement of aseptically processed human placental membrane allografts (HPMAs) before pericardial closure in CABG surgery. This study was conducted as a pilot feasibility study to collect preliminary for a forthcoming multi-center randomized controlled trial. METHODS: This retrospective observational study of patients undergoing CABG surgery excluded patients with pre-operative heart failure, chronic kidney disease, or a history of atrial fibrillation. The "treatment" group (n = 24) had three HPMAs placed epicardially following cardiopulmonary bypass decannulation but before partial pericardial approximation and chest closure. The only difference in clinical protocol for the control group (n = 54) was that they did not receive HPMA. RESULTS: HPMA-treated patients saw a significant, greater than four-fold reduction in POAF incidence compared to controls (35.2-8.3%, p = 0.0136). Univariate analysis demonstrated that HPMA treatment was associated with an 83% reduction in POAF (OR = 0.17, p = 0.0248). Multivariable analysis yielded similar results (OR = 0.07, p = 0.0156) after controlling for other covariates. Overall length of stay (LOS) between groups was similar, but ICU LOS trended lower with HPMA treatment (p = 0.0677). Post-operative inotrope and vasopressor requirements were similar among groups. There was no new-onset post-operative heart failure, stroke, or death reported up to thirty days in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Epicardial HPMA placement can be a simple intervention at the end of CABG surgery that may provide a new approach to reduce post-operative atrial fibrillation by modulating local inflammation, possibly reducing ICU and hospital stay, and ultimately improving patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , Coronary Artery Bypass , Placenta , Postoperative Complications , Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/prevention & control , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Female , Pilot Projects , Male , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Aged , Pregnancy , Allografts , Pericardium , Feasibility Studies
18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 326, 2024 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824551

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the past decade, Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) with a microscopic tubular technique has become a surgical procedure that reduces surgical-related morbidity, shortens hospital stays, and expedites early rehabilitation in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases (LDD). Unilateral biportal endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (Endo-TLIF) has emerged as a novel surgical technique. The present study aims to compare the clinical outcomes and postoperative complications of MIS-TLIF and Endo-TLIF for treating LDD. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of LLD patients undergoing either Endo-TLIF or MIS-TLIF was performed. Patient demographics, operative data (operation time, estimated blood loss, length of hospitalization), and complications were recorded. The visual analog scale (VAS) score for leg and back pain and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score were used to evaluate the clinical outcomes. RESULTS: This study involved 80 patients, 56 in the MIS-TLIF group and 34 in the Endo-TLIF group. The Endo-TLIF group showed a more substantial improvement in the VAS for back pain at 3 weeks post-surgery compared to the MIS-TLIF group. However, at the 1-year mark after surgery, there were no significant differences between the groups in the mean VAS for back pain and VAS for leg pain. Interestingly, the ODI at one year demonstrated a significant improvement in the Endo-TLIF group compared to the MIS-TLIF group. Additionally, the MIS-TLIF group exhibited a shorter operative time than the Endo-TLIF group, with no notable differences in estimated blood loss, length of hospitalization, and complications between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Endo-TLIF and MIS-TLIF are both safe and effective for LDD. In surgical decision-making, clinicians may consider nuances revealed in this study, such as lower early postoperative back pain with Endo-TLIF and shorter operative time with MIS-TLIF.


Subject(s)
Endoscopy , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Lumbar Vertebrae , Spinal Fusion , Humans , Spinal Fusion/methods , Spinal Fusion/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Female , Male , Middle Aged , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Endoscopy/methods , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Aged , Treatment Outcome , Adult , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Operative Time , Microsurgery/methods
19.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 174, 2024 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824553

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of liver Transplants (LT) with retrograde reperfusion on early postoperative recovery of liver function and its risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of clinical data from 136 liver transplantation (LT) patients at the 900th Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Joint Support Army, covering the period from January 2015 to January 2021. All participants provided informed consent, adhering to medical ethics guidelines. Patients were stratified into two groups based on the liver perfusion technique used: retrograde reperfusion (RTR, n = 108) and initial portal reperfusion (IPR, n = 28). Our study focused on a subset of 23 patients from each group to compare postoperative liver function recovery. The final analysis included 86 RTR and 28 IPR cases after excluding 8 RTR patients who underwent initial hepatic artery reperfusion and 14 who received simultaneous hepatic artery and portal vein reperfusion. Further subdivision within the RTR group identified 19 patients with early hepatic allograft dysfunction (EAD) and 67 without, allowing for an assessment of the influence of preoperative and intraoperative parameters, as well as perfusion methods, on EAD incidence post-LT. RESULTS: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was 329 (211 ~ 548) and 176 (98 ~ 282) U/L on the 3rd and 7th day after RTR, respectively, which was significantly lower than 451 (288 ~ 918) and 251 (147 ~ 430) U/L in the IPR group (Z =-1.979, -2.299, P = 0.048, 0.021). Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) on postoperative days 3, 5, and 7 was 252 (193, 522), 105 (79, 163), and 93 (41, 135) U/L in the RTR group, respectively; it was also significantly lower than 328 (251, 724), 179 (129, 306), and 150 (91, 200)U/L in the IPR group (Z=-2.212, -3.221, -2.979; P = 0.027, 0.001, 0.003). Logistic regression analysis showed that MELD score was an independent risk factor for EAD after LT. CONCLUSION: RTR LT is more favorable for patients' early postoperative liver function recovery. For patients undergoing LT for RTR, preoperative MELD score was an independent risk factor for their postoperative development of EAD.


Subject(s)
Liver Transplantation , Recovery of Function , Reperfusion , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Female , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Reperfusion/methods , Adult , Liver Function Tests , Liver/blood supply , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/etiology
20.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 247, 2024 Jun 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850381

ABSTRACT

Long-term postoperative complications of metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) are more frequent than those of primary surgery. Robotic-assisted procedures offer several advantages over traditional laparoscopy, but there are limited data. A retrospective study of 29 patients who underwent a revisional robotic-assisted Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RRYGB) in a Tertiary Level Hospital. Variables included were demographics, causes for revision, operative details, complications, and weight loss outcomes up to 54 month post-RRYGB. Causes for conversion were weight loss failure (WLF), weight regain (WR), Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), or Joint Pain (JP). We assessed 29 patients. Causes for conversion included WLF (34%), WR (15%), WR with GERD (20%), GERD (24%), and JP (3%). Initial BMI was 53.43 kg/m2 ± 8.75. Mean length of hospital stay (LOS) was 2 days. Total operative time was 126 min. ± 43.45. Excess weight loss at 1 year post-surgery was 82.66% (p < 0.0001), with mean BMI of 30.93 kg/m2 (p < 0.001). At 3 years, mean %EWL was 71.26% and a mean BMI 33.81 kg/m2 (p < 0.0001). At 4.5 years, mean %EWL was 59.29% and mean BMI 37.27 kg/m2 (p < 0.0001). One complication (8%) was found (jejunojejunal stenosis). There was no mortality. The initial experience with RRYGB shows acceptable outcomes, including low morbidity, no mortality, excellent weight loss after the revisional surgery, and promising reduction in operative times, with important implications on reduction of the total cost of the procedure.


Subject(s)
Gastric Bypass , Reoperation , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Reoperation/statistics & numerical data , Female , Male , Mexico , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged , Gastric Bypass/methods , Treatment Outcome , Weight Loss , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Laparoscopy/methods
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