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1.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 501, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844858

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Core biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD), such as Aß42 and tau, have demonstrated high prognostic accuracy but do not fully capture the complex pathophysiology of AD. In this study, our objective was to identify novel cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers using proteomics across the entire AD continuum to predict conversion to AD and explore their involvement in AD pathogenesis. METHODS: A cohort of 186 cognitively normal (CN), 127 subjective memory complaint (SMC), 79 early mild cognitive impairment (EMCI), 249 late MCI (LMCI), and 132 AD individuals was analyzed, with a follow-up period of over 3 years for non-AD participants. CSF 65 peptides, as well as hippocampal and entorhinal volumes were analyzed, and cognitive function was evaluated using the 13-item cognitive subscale of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS-Cog 13). Cox proportional hazards models and mediation analysis were performed to investigate associations and causal relationships. RESULTS: During the follow-up, approximately one-fourth (146/580) of the non-AD participants progressed to AD. After adjusting for baseline diagnosis (CN to LMCI) and other variables, multivariable Cox regression analysis identified three peptides (VAELEDEK, VSFELFADK, and VVSSIEQK) as significant predictors of conversion to AD. Incorporating these three peptides into the initial model significantly improved the C-statistic from 0.82 to 0.85 for predicting AD conversion, surpassing the predictive ability of Aß42 and P-tau. Moreover, hippocampal and entorhinal volumes mediated 30.3-53.8% of the association between the three peptides and ADAS-Cog 13 scores. CONCLUSIONS: These findings underscore the potential of these three peptides as robust prognostic biomarker candidates for AD conversion across the entire AD continuum, with a mechanism involving the mediation of hippocampal and entorhinal volumes.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Biomarkers , Proteomics , Humans , Alzheimer Disease/cerebrospinal fluid , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Alzheimer Disease/metabolism , Male , Female , Aged , Proteomics/methods , Prognosis , Biomarkers/cerebrospinal fluid , Follow-Up Studies , Cohort Studies , Cognitive Dysfunction/cerebrospinal fluid , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis , Aged, 80 and over , Amyloid beta-Peptides/cerebrospinal fluid , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Disease Progression , Middle Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , tau Proteins/cerebrospinal fluid
2.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 294, 2024 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849721

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The incidence of hypertension (HTN) as a worldwide health problem is rising rapidly. Early identification and management of pre-HTN before HTN development can help reduce its related complications. We evaluated the relationship between liver enzymes levels and pre-HTN/HTN in the Azar cohort population. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was based on data from the large Azar cohort study and a total of 14,184 participants were included. Pre-HTN and HTN were defined based on the American Heart Association guideline. Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels were measured by Pars Azmoon kits. The relationship between pre-HTN/HTN and liver enzyme levels was evaluated by logistic regression. RESULTS: Of 14,184 participants, 5.7% and 39.6% had pre-HTN and HTN, respectively. In the adjusted model, AST levels of 19-23 IU/l were associated with an elevated risk of pre-HTN (OR [95% CI]: 1.24 [1.04-1.48]). A dose-response increase was seen in pre-HTN in relation to ALT, with the highest OR in the third tertile (1.34 [1.09-1.63]). The odds of pre-HTN also increased with GGT in the third tertile (1.25[1.03-1.52]). In addition, the odds of HTN increased with increased levels of AST, ALT, ALP, and GGT, such that the highest ORs were recorded in the third tertile (OR 1.22 [1.09-1.37], 1.51 [1.35-1.70], 1.19 [1.07-1.34], and 1.68 [1.49-1.89], respectively). Among these enzymes, GGT had the highest OR regarding HTN. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that AST, ALT, ALP and GGT levels were associated with pre-HTN (except for ALP) and HTN, independent of known risk factors. Hence, it may be possible to use liver enzymes to predict the incidence of pre-HTN and HTN, empowering primary care providers to make the necessary interventions promptly.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Alkaline Phosphatase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Biomarkers , Blood Pressure , Hypertension , Liver , Prehypertension , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Humans , Male , Hypertension/epidemiology , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/enzymology , Hypertension/blood , Female , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged , Alanine Transaminase/blood , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Risk Factors , Adult , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Liver/enzymology , Risk Assessment , Prehypertension/enzymology , Prehypertension/epidemiology , Prehypertension/diagnosis , Prehypertension/blood , Prehypertension/physiopathology , Clinical Enzyme Tests , Incidence , Predictive Value of Tests
3.
BMC Urol ; 24(1): 116, 2024 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849783

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There are numerous methods available for predicting sepsis following Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. This study aims to compare the predictive value of Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA), Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SISR), National Early Warning Score (NEWS), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and procalcitonin (PCT) for septicemia. METHODS: Patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy were included in the study and divided into a control group and a septic shock group. The effectiveness of qSOFA, SIRS, NEWS, Interleukin-6, and Procalcitonin was assessed, with Receiver Operating Characteristic curves and Area Under the Curve used to compare the predictive accuracy of these four indicators. RESULTS: Among the 401 patients, 16 cases (3.99%) developed septic shock. Females, elderly individuals, and patients with positive urine culture and positive nitrite in urine were found to be more susceptible to septic shock. PCT, IL-6, SIRS, NEWS, qSOFA, and surgical time were identified as independent risk factors for septic shock. The cutoff values are as follows: qSOFA score > 0.50, SIRS score > 2.50, NEWS score > 2.50, and IL-6 > 264.00 pg/ml. Among the 29 patients identified by IL-6 as having sepsis, 16 were confirmed to have developed sepsis. The qSOFA identified 63 septicemia cases, with 16 confirmed to have developed septicemia; NEWS identified 122 septicemia cases, of which 14 cases actually developed septicemia; SIRS identified 128 septicemia patients, with 16 confirmed to have developed septicemia. In terms of predictive ability, IL-6 (AUC 0.993, 95% CI 0.985 ~ 1) demonstrated a higher predictive accuracy compared to qSOFA (AUC 0.952, 95% CI 0.928 ~ 0.977), NEWS (AUC 0.824, 95% CI 0.720 ~ 0.929) and SIRS (AUC 0.928, 95% CI 0.888 ~ 0.969). CONCLUSIONS: IL-6 has higher accuracy in predicting septic shock after PCNL compared to qSOFA, SIRS, and NEWS.


Subject(s)
Interleukin-6 , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Postoperative Complications , Predictive Value of Tests , Procalcitonin , Shock, Septic , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Humans , Female , Shock, Septic/etiology , Shock, Septic/blood , Male , Interleukin-6/blood , Middle Aged , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/etiology , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/diagnosis , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Procalcitonin/blood , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/blood , Aged , Adult , Retrospective Studies , Biomarkers/blood
5.
BMJ Open ; 14(6): e083136, 2024 Jun 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839386

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Public training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and treatment in emergency and intensive care unit have made tremendous progress. However, cardiac arrest remains a major health burden worldwide, with brain damage being a significant contributor to disability and mortality. Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS), which is mainly localised in the central nervous system, has been previously shown to inhibit postischemia neuronal apoptosis. Therefore, we aim to observe whether serum L-PGDS can serve as a potential biomarker and explore its role in determining the severity and prognosis of patients who have achieved restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a prospective observational study. The participants (n = 60) who achieve ROSC will be distributed into two groups (non-survivor and survivor) based on 28-day survival. Healthy volunteers (n = 30) will be enrolled as controls. Each individual's relevant information will be extracted from Electronic Medical Record System in Xinhua Hospital, including demographic characteristics, clinical data, laboratory findings and so on. On days 1, 3 and 7 after ROSC, blood samples will be drawn and batch tested on the level of serum neuron-specific enolase, soluble protein 100ß, L-PGDS, procalcitonin, tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6. The cerebral performance category score was assessed on the 28th day after ROSC. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was performed with the approval of the Clinical Ethical Committee of Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (Approval No. XHEC-C-2023-130-1). The results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2300078564).


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Heart Arrest , Intramolecular Oxidoreductases , Lipocalins , Humans , Prospective Studies , Intramolecular Oxidoreductases/blood , Lipocalins/blood , Heart Arrest/mortality , Heart Arrest/therapy , Heart Arrest/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Prognosis , Male , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Female , Predictive Value of Tests , Adult , Middle Aged , Observational Studies as Topic
7.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 27(5): 612-619, 2024 May 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842711

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Controlling Nutritional Assessment (CONUT) score has been shown to have a higher predictive value compared to other nutritional scores in acute coronary syndrome. AIM: To determine the relationship between CONUT score and long-term mortality in patients with chronic coronary syndrome (CCS). METHODS: Between 2017 and 2020, 585 consecutive patients newly diagnosed and proven to have CCS by coronary angiography were included in the study. CONUT score and demographic and laboratory data of all patients were evaluated. The relationship between results and mortality was evaluated. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 64 years and 75% were male. Mortality was observed in 56 (9.6%) patients after a median follow-up period of 3.5 years. The median CONUT score was significantly higher in patients with mortality (P < 0.001). In multivariate regression analysis, the CONUT score was associated with mortality (Hazard ratio (HR): 1.63 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.34-1.98 P < 0.001)). The area under curve (AUC) for long-term mortality estimation for the CONUT score was 0.75 (95% CI 0.67-0.82 P < 0.001). When the CONUT score value was accepted as 0.5, the sensitivity was 78% and the specificity was 60. CONCLUSION: CONUT score was found to be predictive of mortality in long-term follow-up of patients with CCS.


Subject(s)
Nutrition Assessment , Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Aged , Turkey/epidemiology , Coronary Angiography , Nutritional Status , Acute Coronary Syndrome/mortality , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment/methods
8.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 187, 2024 May 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822373

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ischemia and no obstructive coronary artery disease (INOCA) is increasingly recognized and associated with poor outcomes. The triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index is a reliable alternative measure of insulin resistance significantly linked to cardiovascular disease and adverse prognosis. We investigated the association between the TyG index and myocardial ischemia and the prognosis in INOCA patients. METHODS: INOCA patients who underwent both coronary angiography and myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) were included consecutively. All participants were divided into three groups according to TyG tertiles (T1, T2, and T3). Abnormal MPI for myocardial ischemia in individual coronary territories was defined as summed stress score (SSS) ≥ 4 and summed difference score (SDS) ≥ 2. SSS refers to the sum of all defects in the stress images, and SDS is the difference of the sum of all defects between the rest images and stress images. All patients were followed up for major adverse cardiac events (MACE). RESULTS: Among 332 INOCA patients, 113 (34.0%) had abnormal MPI. Patients with higher TyG index had a higher rate of abnormal MPI (25.5% vs. 32.4% vs. 44.1%; p = 0.012). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that a high TyG index was significantly correlated with abnormal MPI in INOCA patients (OR, 1.901; 95% CI, 1.045-3.458; P = 0.035). During the median 35 months of follow-up, 83 (25%) MACE were recorded, and a higher incidence of MACE was observed in the T3 group (T3 vs. T2 vs. T1: 36.9% vs. 21.6% vs. 16.4%, respectively; p = 0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, the T3 group was significantly associated with the risk of MACE compared to the T1 group (HR, 2.338; 95% CI 1.253-4.364, P = 0.008). CONCLUSION: This study indicates for the first time that the TyG index is significantly associated with myocardial ischemia and poor prognosis among INOCA patients.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood Glucose , Coronary Angiography , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Predictive Value of Tests , Triglycerides , Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Triglycerides/blood , Prognosis , Myocardial Ischemia/blood , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnosis , Myocardial Ischemia/mortality , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Biomarkers/blood , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Coronary Artery Disease/mortality , Insulin Resistance
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12634, 2024 06 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824158

ABSTRACT

Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a severe cardiovascular disease that poses a significant threat to the life and health of patients. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of triglyceride glucose index (TyG) combined with neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for in-hospital cardiac adverse event (MACE) after PCI in STEMI patients. From October 2019 to June 2023, 398 STEMI patients underwent emergency PCI in the Second People's Hospital of Hefei. Stepwise regression backward method and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen the independent risk factors of MACE in STEMI patients. To construct the prediction model of in-hospital MACE after PCI in STEMI patients: Grace score model is the old model (model A); TyG combined with NLR model (model B); Grace score combined with TyG and NLR model is the new model (model C). We assessed the clinical usefulness of the predictive model by comparing Integrated Discrimination Improvement (IDI), Net Reclassification Index (NRI), Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (ROC), and Decision Curve Analysis (DCA). Stepwise regression and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that TyG and NLR were independent risk factors for in-hospital MACE after PCI in STEMI patients. The constructed Model C was compared to Model A. Results showed NRI 0.5973; NRI + 0.3036, NRI - 0.2937, IDI 0.3583. These results show that the newly developed model C predicts the results better than model A, indicating that the model is more accurate. The ROC analysis results showed that the AUC of Model A for predicting MACE in STEMI was 0.749. Model B predicted MACE in STEMI with an AUC of 0.685. Model C predicted MACE in STEMI with an AUC of 0.839. For DCA, Model C has a better net return between threshold probability 0.1 and 0.78, which is better than Model A and Model B. In this study, by combining TyG, NLR, and Grace score, it was shown that TyG combined with NLR could reasonably predict the occurrence of MACE after PCI in STEMI patients and the clinical utility of the prediction model.


Subject(s)
Lymphocytes , Neutrophils , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Triglycerides , Humans , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/blood , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/surgery , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , Male , Female , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Middle Aged , Triglycerides/blood , Aged , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Lymphocyte Count , Retrospective Studies
10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 188, 2024 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824550

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS: Insulin resistance (IR) plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of the metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD). However, it remains unclear whether triglyceride-glucose (TyG) related parameters, which serve as useful biomarkers to assess IR, have prognostic effects on mortality outcomes of MASLD. METHODS: Participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database from 1999 to 2018 years were included. TyG and its related parameters [TyG-waist circumference (TyG-WC) and TyG-waist to height ratio (TyG-WHtR)] were calculated. Kaplan-Meier curves, Cox regression analysis, and restricted cubic splines (RCS) were conducted to evaluate the association between TyG-related indices with the all-cause and cardiovascular mortality of adults with MASLD. The concordance index (C-index) was used to evaluate the prediction accuracy of TyG-related indices. RESULTS: A total of 8208 adults (4209 men and 3999 women, median age 49.00 years) with MASLD were included in this study. Multivariate-adjusted Cox regression analysis revealed that high quartile levels of TyG-related indices were significantly associated with the all-cause mortality of participants with MASLD [TyGadjusted hazard ratio (aHR) = 1.25, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-1.50, P = 0.014; TyG-WCaHR for all-cause mortality = 1.28, 95% CI 1.07-1.52, P = 0.006; TyG-WHtRaHR for all-cause mortality = 1.50, 95% CI 1.25-1.80, P < 0.001; TyG-WCaHR for cardiovascular mortality = 1.81, 95% CI 1.28-2.55, P = 0.001; TyG-WHtRaHR for cardiovascular mortality = 2.22, 95% CI 1.55-3.17, P < 0.001]. The C-index of TyG-related indices for predicting all-cause mortality was 0.563 for the TyG index, 0.579 for the TyG-WC index, and 0.585 for the TyG-WHtR index, respectively. Regarding cardiovascular mortality, the C-index was 0.561 for the TyG index, 0.607 for the TyG-WC index, and 0.615 for the TyG-WHtR index, respectively. Nonlinear trends were observed between TyG and TyG-WC indices with all-cause mortality of MASLD (P < 0.001 and = 0.012, respectively). A non-linear relationship was observed between the TyG index and cardiovascular mortality of MASLD (P = 0.025). Subgroup analysis suggested that adults aged < 65 years old and those without comorbidities were more sensitive to the mortality prediction of TyG-related indices. CONCLUSION: Findings of this study highlight the predictive value of TyG-related indices, especially the TyG-WHtR index, in the mortality outcomes of adults with MASLD. TyG-related indices would be surrogate biomarkers for the clinical management of MASLD.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood Glucose , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cause of Death , Insulin Resistance , Nutrition Surveys , Triglycerides , Humans , Female , Male , Middle Aged , Triglycerides/blood , Prognosis , Risk Assessment , Biomarkers/blood , United States/epidemiology , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Adult , Time Factors , Databases, Factual , Aged , Risk Factors , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/mortality , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/blood , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies
11.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 190, 2024 Jun 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824608

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronary three-vessel disease (CTVD) accounts for one-third of the overall incidence of coronary artery disease, with heightened mortality rates compared to single-vessel lesions, including common trunk lesions. Dysregulated glucose metabolism exacerbates atherosclerosis and increases cardiovascular risk. The stress hyperglycemia ratio (SHR) is proposed as an indicator of glucose metabolism status but its association with cardiovascular outcomes in CTVD patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. METHODS: 10,532 CTVD patients undergoing PCI were consecutively enrolled. SHR was calculated using the formula: admission blood glucose (mmol/L)/[1.59×HbA1c (%)-2.59]. Patients were divided into two groups (SHR Low and SHR High) according to the optimal cutoff value of SHR. Multivariable Cox regression models were used to assess the relationship between SHR and long-term prognosis. The primary endpoint was cardiovascular (CV) events, composing of cardiac death and non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI). RESULTS: During the median follow-up time of 3 years, a total of 279 cases (2.6%) of CV events were recorded. Multivariable Cox analyses showed that high SHR was associated with a significantly higher risk of CV events [Hazard Ratio (HR) 1.99, 95% Confidence interval (CI) 1.58-2.52, P < 0.001). This association remained consistent in patients with (HR 1.50, 95% CI 1.08-2.10, P = 0.016) and without diabetes (HR 1.97, 95% CI 1.42-2.72, P < 0.001). Additionally, adding SHR to the base model of traditional risk factors led to a significant improvement in the C-index, net reclassification and integrated discrimination. CONCLUSIONS: SHR was a significant predictor for adverse CV outcomes in CTVD patients with or without diabetes, which suggested that it could aid in the risk stratification in this particular population regardless of glucose metabolism status.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood Glucose , Coronary Artery Disease , Hyperglycemia , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Risk Assessment , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/mortality , Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Coronary Artery Disease/epidemiology , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Biomarkers/blood , Risk Factors , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/mortality , Time Factors , Hyperglycemia/blood , Hyperglycemia/diagnosis , Hyperglycemia/epidemiology , Hyperglycemia/mortality , Treatment Outcome , Glycated Hemoglobin/metabolism , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/mortality
12.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 19: 1167-1175, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826698

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To develop a novel method for calculating small airway resistance using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) based on CT data and evaluate its value to identify COPD. Patients and Methods: 24 subjects who underwent chest CT scans and pulmonary function tests between August 2020 and December 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. Subjects were divided into three groups: normal (10), high-risk (6), and COPD (8). The airway from the trachea down to the sixth generation of bronchioles was reconstructed by a 3D slicer. The small airway resistance (RSA) and RSA as a percentage of total airway resistance (RSA%) were calculated by CFD combined with airway resistance and FEV1 measured by pulmonary function test. A correlation analysis was conducted between RSA and pulmonary function parameters, including FEV1/FVC, FEV1% predicted, MEF50% predicted, MEF75% predicted and MMEF75/25% predicted. Results: The RSA and RSA% were significantly different among the three groups (p<0.05) and related to FEV1/FVC (r = -0.70, p < 0.001; r = -0.67, p < 0.001), FEV1% predicted (r = -0.60, p = 0.002; r = -0.57, p = 0.004), MEF50% predicted (r = -0.64, p = 0.001; r = -0.64, p = 0.001), MEF75% predicted (r = -0.71, p < 0.001; r = -0.60, p = 0.002) and MMEF 75/25% predicted (r = -0.64, p = 0.001; r = -0.64, p = 0.001). Conclusion: Airway CFD is a valuable method for estimating the small airway resistance, where the derived RSA will aid in the early diagnosis of COPD.


Subject(s)
Airway Resistance , Hydrodynamics , Lung , Predictive Value of Tests , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnostic imaging , Male , Retrospective Studies , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Forced Expiratory Volume , Lung/physiopathology , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Vital Capacity , Computer Simulation , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Respiratory Function Tests/methods
13.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1382970, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38827733

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the prognostic values of systemic immune-inflammation indices of hemodialysis (HD) vascular access failure and develop a prediction model for vascular access failure based on the most pertinent systemic immune-inflammation index. Study design: A prospective cohort study. Setting & participants: Patients undergoing autogenous HD vascular access surgeries or arteriovenous graft as a permanent hemodialysis access in a tertiary center in southwest China from January 2020 to June 2022. Predictors: Systemic immune-inflammation indices, including NLR, dNLR, AAPR, SIRI, SII, PNI, PLR, and LIPI, and clinical variables. Outcomes: The outcome was defined as survival of the hemodialysis access, with both occluded and stenotic access being considered as instances of access failure. Analytical approach: Cox proportional hazard regression model. Results: 2690 patients were included in the study population, of whom 658 experienced access failure during the follow-up period. The median duration of survival for HD vascular access was 18 months. The increased systemic immune-inflammation indices, including dNLR, NLR, SII, PNI, SIRI, PLR, and LIPI, are predictive of HD access failure, with SII demonstrating the strongest prognostic value. A simple SII-based prediction model for HD access failure was developed, achieving C-indexes of 0.6314 (95% CI: 0.6249 - 0.6589) and 0.6441 (95% CI: 0.6212 - 0.6670) for predicting 6- and 12-month access survival, respectively. Conclusions: Systemic immune-inflammation indices are significantly and negatively associated with HD vascular access survival. A simple SII-based prediction model was developed and anticipates further improvement through larger study cohort and validation from diverse centers.


Subject(s)
Inflammation , Renal Dialysis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Female , Prospective Studies , Inflammation/immunology , Aged , Prognosis , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical/adverse effects , Predictive Value of Tests , China , Adult , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Kidney Failure, Chronic/mortality , Kidney Failure, Chronic/immunology , Biomarkers
14.
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars ; 52(4): 253-259, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829642

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the association between the triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) over a ten-year period in non-diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We included 375 consecutive non-diabetic patients presenting with acute MI who underwent primary PCI. The TyG index was calculated and patients were divided based on a cut-off value of ≥ 8.84 into high and low TyG index groups. The incidence of MACE, including all-cause mortality, target vessel revascularization, reinfarction, and rehospitalization for heart failure, was assessed over 10 years. RESULTS: Over the next 10 years, patients who underwent PCI for acute MI experienced a significantly higher incidence of MACE in the group with a high TyG index (≥ 8.84) (P = 0.004). Multivariable analysis revealed that the TyG index independently predicted MACE in these patients [odds ratio = 1.64; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.22-2.21; P = 0.002]. Analysis of the receiver operating characteristic curve indicated that the TyG index effectively predicted MACE in patients with acute MI following PCI, with an area under the curve of 0.562 (95% CI: 0.503-0.621; P = 0.038). CONCLUSION: This study established a correlation between high TyG index levels and an elevated risk of MACE in non-diabetic patients with acute MI. The findings suggest that the TyG index could be a reliable indicator of clinical outcomes for non-diabetic acute MI patients undergoing PCI.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Triglycerides , Humans , Male , Female , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Middle Aged , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Prognosis , Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Incidence , ROC Curve
15.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 25(7): 473-487, 2024 Jul 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829936

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and computed tomography (CCT) are advanced imaging modalities that recently revolutionized the conventional diagnostic approach to congenital heart diseases (CHD), supporting echocardiography and often replacing cardiac catheterization. This is the second of two complementary documents, endorsed by experts from the Working Group of the Italian Society of Pediatric Cardiology and the Italian College of Cardiac Radiology of the Italian Society of Medical and Interventional Radiology, aimed at giving updated indications on the appropriate use of CMR and CCT in different clinical CHD settings, in both pediatrics and adults. In this article, support is also given to radiologists, pediatricians, cardiologists, and cardiac surgeons for indications and appropriateness criteria for CMR and CCT in the most referred CHD, following the proposed new criteria presented and discussed in the first document. This second document also examines the impact of devices and prostheses for CMR and CCT in CHD and additionally presents some indications for CMR and CCT exams when sedation or narcosis is needed.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Heart Defects, Congenital , Humans , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy , Italy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/standards , Cardiology/standards , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/standards , Child , Predictive Value of Tests , Adult , Societies, Medical/standards
16.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(7): 845-849, 2024 Jul 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Meckel diverticulum (MD) is an important cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in children. Small bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) is a first-line examination method applied to patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, but there are few studies on its application in children with MD. This article aims to provide evidence in favor of the auxiliary diagnosis of MD in children by analyzing its characteristics using SBCE. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical data of patients with suspected MD. RESULTS: A total of 58 children were included in this study. All 58 children presented overt gastrointestinal bleeding (bloody stool or melena). Capsule endoscopy identified protruding lesions in 2 cases, double-lumen changes in 30 cases (all considered as MD), vascular lesions in 7 cases, intestinal mucosal inflammatory lesions in 3 cases, ulcers or erosion in 3 cases, and no obvious abnormalities in SBCE in 12 cases. Both SBCE and technetium-99 scans were performed for 24 cases, 22 of which were diagnosed MD by their combined results, giving a diagnostic coincidence rate of 91.7%. Eight cases were highly suspected as MD but were negative for the technetium-99 scan and positive for SBCE. CONCLUSION: SBCE has high accuracy in the diagnosis of MD in children, especially when performed in combination with a technetium-99 scan, which can greatly improve the diagnostic rate of MD in children.


Subject(s)
Capsule Endoscopy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Meckel Diverticulum , Humans , Meckel Diverticulum/complications , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnostic imaging , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnosis , Capsule Endoscopy/methods , Male , Female , Retrospective Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Adolescent , Infant , Intestine, Small/diagnostic imaging , Intestine, Small/pathology , Predictive Value of Tests , Radionuclide Imaging , Radiopharmaceuticals
17.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(7): 952-960, 2024 Jul 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829945

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is the most severe form of acutely decompensated cirrhosis and is characterized by the presence of intense systemic inflammation. Leucocyte quantification can serve as an indirect indicator of systemic inflammation. In our study, we investigated the predictive value of hematological ratios (neutrophils to lymphocytes, monocyte to lymphocytes, platelets to lymphocytes, lymphocytes to C-reactive protein, and neutrophils to lymphocytes and platelets) in acute decompensation (AD) and ACLF patients and their relation to disease severity and early mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 60 patients with ACLF and AD, and 30 cirrhotic controls. Clinical data were collected, and survival was followed for 1 and 6 months. Blood samples were analyzed at admission for differential leucocytes and assessed for liver and renal function tests. The leukocyte ratios were calculated and compared, and their correlation with liver function indicators and prognosis was assessed. RESULTS: All ratios were significantly higher in AD and ACLF patients compared to control (except for lymphocyte to C-reactive protein ratio which was significantly lower), and were positively correlated with Child-Pugh score, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD)-Na, and ACLF severity scores. Multivariate regression revealed that neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, monocyte to lymphocyte ratio, and MELD-Na were independent prognostic factors of 1-month and 6-month mortality. A unique prognostic nomogram incorporating MELD-Na, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, and monocyte to lymphocyte ratio could be proposed for predicting prognosis in AD and ACLF patients. CONCLUSIONS: Cheap, easy, and noninvasive hematological ratios are introduced as a tool for early identification and risk stratification of AD and ACLF patients.


Subject(s)
Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure , C-Reactive Protein , Neutrophils , Predictive Value of Tests , Severity of Illness Index , Humans , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/blood , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/mortality , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/diagnosis , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Prognosis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Adult , Case-Control Studies , Leukocyte Count , Aged , Lymphocyte Count , Monocytes , Lymphocytes , Platelet Count , Liver Cirrhosis/blood , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/mortality , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Blood Platelets , Biomarkers/blood , Time Factors
18.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 27(6): e15210, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837302

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The relevance of tubulo-interstitial involvement for kidney prognosis has recently been emphasized, but validated biomarkers for predicting histology are still lacking. The aim of our study was to evaluate different serum and urinary markers of tubular damage in patients with lupus nephritis (LN) and to correlate them with kidney histopathology. METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was conducted from January 2016 to December 2021. Serum and urine samples were collected on the same day of kidney biopsy and correlated with histologic data from a cohort of 15 LN patients. We analyzed the following urinary markers, adjusted for urine creatinine: beta 2-microglobulin, alpha 1-microglobulin, NGAL, uKIM-1, MCP-1, uDKK-3, and uUMOD. The serum markers sKIM-1 and sUMOD were also analyzed. RESULTS: A positive and strong correlation was observed between the degree of interstitial fibrosis (rho = 0.785, p = .001) and tubular atrophy (rho = 0.781, p = .001) and the levels of uDKK3. uUMOD also showed an inverse and moderate correlation with interstitial fibrosis (rho = -0.562, p = .037) and tubular atrophy (rho = -0.694, p = .006). Patients with >10% cortical interstitial inflammation had higher levels of uKIM-1 [4.9 (3.9, 5.5) vs. 0.8 (0.6, 1.5) mcg/mg, p = .001], MCP-1 [3.8 (2. 3, 4.2) vs. 0.7 (0.3, 1.2) mcg/mg, p = .001], sKIM-1 [9.2 (5.9, 32.7) vs. 1.4 (0, 3.5) pg/mL, p = .001], and lower sUMOD [8.7 (0, 39.7) vs. 46.1 (35.7, 53) ng/mL, p = .028]. CONCLUSION: The use of specific urinary and serum biomarkers of tubular dysfunction or injury may help to predict certain histologic parameters in LN patients.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Kidney Tubules , Lupus Nephritis , Humans , Lupus Nephritis/urine , Lupus Nephritis/blood , Lupus Nephritis/pathology , Lupus Nephritis/diagnosis , Biomarkers/blood , Biomarkers/urine , Female , Male , Retrospective Studies , Adult , Kidney Tubules/pathology , Biopsy , Predictive Value of Tests , Middle Aged , Fibrosis , Atrophy , Young Adult
19.
S Afr J Surg ; 62(2): 50-53, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838120

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, low cluster of differentiation (CD)4 counts and antiretroviral therapy can cause cholestasis and raised transaminases. In acute pancreatitis, this may render biochemical predictors of a gallstone aetiology inaccurate. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, acute pancreatitis was diagnosed by standard criteria. Cholecystolithiasis and bile duct diameter were diagnosed by ultrasound. Cholestasis was defined as two of the following: bilirubin ≥ 21 umol/l, γ glutamyl transferase ≥ 78 U/l, alkaline phosphatase ≥ 121 U/l. Cholangitis was defined as cholestasis and any two sepsis criteria: (temperature > 38˚C, WCC > 12.6 ×109/L, pulse > 90 beats/min). Cholangitis, cholestasis, and bile duct diameter greater that 1 cm were indications for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). These parameters' ability to predict gallstone pancreatitis (GSP) and choledocholithiasis were compared in HIV+ve and HIV-ve patients. RESULTS: Sixty-two (26%) of 216 patients had GSP. Twenty four were HIV+ve patients. More HIV+ve patients had cholestasis (p = 0.059) and ERCP (p = 0.004). In HIV+ve patients alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 100 U/L, gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) > 2 upper limit of normal and cholestasis had a negative predictive value of 92%, 96.7% and 95.2% respectively. In HIV-ve patients, negative predictive value (NPV) was 84%, 83.8% and 84.6% respectively. Bile duct stones were demonstrated at ERCP in 6 (25%) and 3 (8%) of HIV+ve and HIV-ve patients respectively (p = 0.077). Five of 14 ERCP patients had no bile duct stones. HIV+ve and HIV-ve groups had two deaths each. CONCLUSION: Absence at presentation of the abnormal parameters analysed were good predictors of a non-gallstone aetiology particularly in HIV+ve patients. Prior, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) or endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) would reduce the number of non-therapeutic ERCPs.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Gallstones , HIV Infections , Pancreatitis , Humans , Male , Female , Prospective Studies , HIV Infections/complications , Gallstones/complications , Gallstones/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Middle Aged , Pancreatitis/etiology , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Acute Disease , Choledocholithiasis/complications , Choledocholithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Cholestasis/etiology , Cholestasis/diagnostic imaging
20.
Radiology ; 311(3): e232242, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832881

ABSTRACT

Background Pathologic lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) is associated with poor outcome in endometrial cancer. Its relationship with tumor stiffness, which can be measured with use of MR elastography, has not been extensively explored. Purpose To assess whether MR elastography-based mechanical characteristics can aid in the noninvasive prediction of LVSI in patients with endometrial cancer. Materials and Methods This prospective study included consecutive adult patients with a suspected uterine tumor who underwent MRI and MR elastography between October 2022 and July 2023. A region of interest delineated on T2-weighted magnitude images was duplicated on MR elastography images and used to calculate c (stiffness in meters per second) and φ (viscosity in radians) values. Pathologic assessment of hysterectomy specimens for LVSI served as the reference standard. Data were compared between LVSI-positive and -negative groups with use of the Mann-Whitney U test. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine variables associated with LVSI positivity and develop diagnostic models for predicting LVSI. Model performance was assessed with use of area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and compared using the DeLong test. Results A total of 101 participants were included, 72 who were LVSI-negative (median age, 53 years [IQR, 48-62 years]) and 29 who were LVSI-positive (median age, 54 years [IQR, 49-60 years]). The tumor stiffness in the LVSI-positive group was higher than in the LVSI-negative group (median, 4.1 m/sec [IQR, 3.2-4.6 m/sec] vs 2.2 m/sec [IQR, 2.0-2.8 m/sec]; P < .001). Tumor volume, cancer antigen 125 level, and tumor stiffness were associated with LVSI positivity (adjusted odds ratio range, 1.01-9.06; P range, <.001-.04). The combined model (AUC, 0.93) showed better performance for predicting LVSI compared with clinical-radiologic model (AUC, 0.77; P = .003) and similar performance to the MR elastography-based model (AUC, 0.89; P = .06). Conclusion The addition of tumor stiffness as measured at MR elastography into a clinical-radiologic model improved prediction of LVSI in patients with endometrial cancer. © RSNA, 2024 Supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Ehman in this issue.


Subject(s)
Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Endometrial Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Humans , Female , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Endometrial Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Predictive Value of Tests
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