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Talanta ; 266(Pt 2): 125025, 2024 Jan 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37586282


The detection of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) allows for the determination of pregnancy and is thus crucial during early pregnancy testing. This study introduces a novel liquid crystal (LC) biosensor that employs Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) for signal amplification, thus enabling the detection of the HCG antigen in a micro, efficient, and cost-effective manner. The sensor design capitalizes on the unique properties of LC to facilitate the detection of HCG. In this research, the surface of the base substrate was first modified with material from DMOAP and APTES, and EDC/sulfo-NHS was used to couple AuNPs and ß-hCG to form an AuNP-ß-hCG conjugate that improves the coupling rate. The carboxyl group of the antibody was reacted with the aldehyde group of glutaraldehyde, which helps to fix the ß-hCG antibody to the surface of the substrate. The HCG sample is immobilized on the surface of the substrate via antigen-antibody immunobinding. As signal amplifiers, the AuNPs can have a significant effect on the topology of the interface and the vertical order of the LC molecules, thus reducing the limit of detection. Finally, the limit of detection was calculated using the SPSS system, and the relationship between grey values and concentrations was also obtained. The detection limit for HCG can be as low as 1.916 × 10-3 mIU·mL-1 under ideal conditions. Compared to other detection methods for HCG, this structure provides a detection pathway with excellent sensitivity, low detection limits, and better specificity, thus offering a new idea for HCG or any other target requiring trace detection.

Biosensing Techniques , Liquid Crystals , Metal Nanoparticles , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Gold/chemistry , Metal Nanoparticles/chemistry , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Biosensing Techniques/methods
J Ethnopharmacol ; 318(Pt A): 116883, 2024 Jan 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37422103


ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: First recorded in "Sheng Nong's herbal classic", Paris polyphylla is used to treat diseases, such as convulsions, head shaking and tongue fiddling, and epilepsy. Studies have shown that the ability of three Liliaceae polysaccharides in improving learning and memory may be related to the P19-P53-P21 and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathways. Moreover, a link between these two signaling pathways and the possible neuroprotective impact of Paris polyphylla polysaccharide has been proposed. AIM OF THE STUDY: We explored the mechanisms of improving learning and memory in the offspring of pre-pregnant parental mice and D-galactose-induced aging pregnant mice by supplementation with P. polyphylla polysaccharide based on the P19-P53-P21 and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathways. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: After 3 weeks of supplementation of D-galactose-induced pre-pregnant parental mice with P. polyphylla polysaccharide component 1 (PPPm-1), the male and female parental mice mated in cages. The D-galactose-induced pregnant mice were continued to be supplemented with PPPm-1 for 18 days before delivery of the offspring. Behavioral experiments (Morris water maze and dark avoidance experiments) were conducted on the offspring mice born 48 days later to determine whether PPPm-1 had the effect of improving their learning and memory. Based on the P19/P53/P21 and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathways, the mechanisms of PPPm-1 in improving learning and memory in offspring mice were further investigated. RESULTS: Offspring mice administered low- or high-dose PPPm-1 exhibited stronger motor and memory abilities in behavioral experiments than the aging model of offspring mice. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and real-time polymerase chain reaction revealed that the expressions of P19 and P21 mRNA and protein were inhibited in offspring mice administered low- and high-dose PPPm-1. However, P53 expression was inhibited in the low-dose PPPm-1 offspring group but promoted in the high-dose PPPm-1 offspring group. Additionally, PPPm-1 could effectively activate the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, promote the expressions of Wnt/1, ß-catenin, CyclinD1, and TCF-4 mRNA and protein, and inhibit GSK-3ß mRNA and protein expression to improve the learning and memory abilities of offspring mice. CONCLUSION: Thus, PPPm-1 improved the learning and memory abilities in the offspring of aging pregnant mice by acting on the P19-P53-P21 and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathways.

Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin , Pregnancy , Mice , Male , Female , Animals , beta Catenin/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , Galactose , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Aging , Dietary Supplements , RNA, Messenger
J Ethnopharmacol ; 318(Pt A): 116889, 2024 Jan 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37423519


ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Spontaneous abortion (SA) is an intricate disorder affecting women of reproductive age. Previous studies have confirmed the indispensable role of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 in normal pregnancy. Bushen Antai recipe (BAR) is a satisfactory formula commonly used in practice, based on the rationale of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for SA. AIM OF THE STUDY: The current study explores the potential therapeutic effects and mechanistic insights of BAR in STAT3-deficient abortion-prone mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A STAT3-deficient abortion-prone mouse model was developed using intraperitoneal injection of stattic from embryo day (ED) 5.5 to ED9.5 among pregnant females (C57BL/6). We separately administered BAR1 (5.7 g/kg), BAR2 (11.4 g/kg), progesterone (P4), or distilled water at 10 ml/kg/day from ED0.5 until ED10.5. The embryo resorption rate and placenta-uterus structure were observed on ED10.5. The systemic immune status was examined by analyzing the frequency of immunosuppressive myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), the ratio of two macrophage (M) subtypes, and the protein expression of associated molecules. Morphological observation, immunohistochemistry, and western blotting were used to evaluate the vascularization conditions at the maternal-fetal interface. RESULTS: BAR1, BAR2, or P4 treatment exerted remarkable effects in alleviating embryo resorption rate and disordered placental-uterus structure in STAT3-deficient abortion-prone mice. Western blotting indicated the deficiency of phosphorylated STAT3 and two prime target molecules, PR and HIF-1α, at the maternal-fetal interface under STAT3 inhibition. Simultaneously, BAR2 treatment significantly upregulated their expression levels. The systemic immune environment was disrupted, indicated by the reduced serum cytokine concentrations, MDSCs frequency, M2/M1 ratio, and the expression of immunomodulatory factors. Nonetheless, BAR2 or P4 treatment revived the immune tolerance for semi-allogenic embryos by enhancing the immune cells and factors. Besides, the western blot and immunohistochemistry results revealed that BAR2 or P4 treatment upregulated VEGFA/FGF2 and activated ERK/AKT phosphorylation. Therefore, BAR2 or P4 facilitated vascularization at the maternal-fetal interface in STAT3-deficient abortion-prone mice. CONCLUSIONS: BAR sustained pregnancy by reviving the systemic immune environment and promoting angiogenesis at the maternal-fetal interface in STAT3-deficient abortion-prone mice.

Abortion, Spontaneous , Humans , Pregnancy , Mice , Female , Animals , Placenta/metabolism , Embryo Loss/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred CBA , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism
J Ethnopharmacol ; 318(Pt A): 116939, 2024 Jan 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37479068


ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Jiawei Shoutai Pill (JWSTW) is a traditional herbal formula for recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). Although JWSTW significantly improves the clinical symptoms of RSA patients, its molecular mechanism remains unclear. AIM OF STUDY: This study evaluated the expression and function of the serum/glucocorticoid regulated kinase 1/epithelial sodium channel (SGK1/ENaC) pathway and decidualization level in RSA patients and mice. It also investigated the therapeutic effects and potential mechanisms of JWSTW. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 early RSA patients and 30 normal pregnant women undergoing induced abortion during the same period were included in the study. Decidual tissues were collected, and HE staining, immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and RT-PCR were used to detect protein and mRNA expression levels of SGK1, ENaC-a, estrogen Rreceptor ß (ERß), and progesterone receptor (PR) in patients' decidual tissues. Protein expression levels of prolactin receptor (PRLR) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1) were also detected. A classical RSA mouse model was constructed, and the mice were randomly divided into four groups: normal, model, dydrogesterone (DQYT) (0.33 g/kg/d), and JWSTW (1.66 g/kg/d). The normal and model groups received the same volume of distilled water by gavage for 8 and 14 days after pregnancy. On the 14th day of pregnancy, the embryonic loss rate of each group, the number of offspring born to naturally delivered mice, and the protein or mRNA expression levels of key factors of the SGK1/ENaC pathway (SGK1, ENaC-a, ERß, and PR), decidual proliferation marker (Ki67), mesenchymal-epithelial transition (E-cadherin and Vimentin), and decidualization markers (PRLR and IGFBP-1) in mouse decidual tissue on the eighth day of pregnancy were observed. RESULTS: The decidual tissue structure of RSA patients was abnormal. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed significantly reduced positive expression of SGK1, ENaC-a, ERß, and PR proteins in the decidual tissue of RSA patients (P < 0.001). Western blot and RT-PCR analyses demonstrated significantly decreased protein and mRNA expression of SGK1, ENaC-a, ERß, and PR in the decidual tissue of RSA patients (all P < 0.05). Additionally, protein expression of PRLR and IGFBP-1 was significantly reduced (both P < 0.001). The RSA mouse model exhibited a significant increase in embryo loss rate and decreased litter size (both P < 0.001). Treatment with DQYT and JWSTW rescued the embryo loss rate and litter size to varying extents (all P < 0.05). The protein or mRNA expression levels of SGK1, ENaC-a, ERß, PR, Ki67, E-cadherin, vimentin, PRLR, and IGFBP-1 in RSA mice were improved to different degrees after treatment with DQYT and JWSTW (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal SGK1/ENaC signaling pathway regulation is closely associated with early endometrial damage in RSA patients. JWSTW promotes endometrial proliferation and mesenchymal-epithelial transition through the SGK1/ENaC signaling pathway, improving endometrial shedding. Consequently, JWSTW is a potential treatment for RSA.

Abortion, Habitual , Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1 , Pregnancy , Mice , Female , Humans , Animals , Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1/metabolism , Vimentin , Embryo Loss , Estrogen Receptor beta/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Estrogens , Disease Models, Animal , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
J Ethnopharmacol ; 318(Pt A): 116913, 2024 Jan 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37479069


ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Bushen Huoxue recipe (BSHXR) is a widely used prescription medicine for treating gynecological diseases. We have previously found that BSHXR can improve the pregnancy outcome of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) mice by modulating the abnormal high level of progesterone. While the pharmacological mechanism of such therapeutic effect is not clear. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to investigate the effects of BSHXR on the ovarian steroidogenesis and luteal function in mice undergoing COH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A COH mouse model was established via an intraperitoneal injection of 0.4 IU/g pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and 1 IU/g human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). The histological features of ovaries were observed using hematoxylin-eosin staining. The expression levels of FSHR, LHCGR, and key molecules in ovarian steroidogenesis, including CYP11A1, CYP17A1, CYP19A1, HSD3B1, and StAR, were examined via immunohistochemical staining, western blotting, and RT-qPCR. CD31, VEGFA, and FGF2 levels were assessed to evaluate ovarian vascularization. The protein and mRNA levels of ovarian ERK1/2, p-ERK1/2, MEK1/2, and p-MEK1/2 were also detected using western blotting, RT-qPCR, or immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: COH mice had a significantly increased volume and weight of the ovary and number of corpora lutea. In particular, COH exhibited a long-term influence on ovarian FSHR and LHCGR expression, disrupting the levels of CYP11A1, HSD3B1, and CYP17A1, causing poorer luteal angiogenesis. Compared with normal mice, the expression levels of ovarian VEGFA and FGF2 in COH mice were considerably lower on Day 1 after PMSG. On concomitant HCG treatment, both VEGFA and FGF2 expression surged dramatically on ED1 and then declined on ED4 and ED8. Moreover, the expression pattern of MEK1/2-ERK1/2 was almost consistent with that of VEGFA and FGF2. After treatment, BSHXR increased ovarian LHCGR, FSHR, CYP11A1, HSD3B1, and CYP17A1 levels, boosted luteal vascularization, and restored MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signaling in COH mice. CONCLUSION: BSHXR restored the abnormally high progesterone level by regulating the CYP11A1 and HSD3B1 expression as well as promoted luteal angiogenesis, which was related with LHCGR-MEK1/2-ERK1/2-VEGFA/FGF2 signaling pathway in the ovary. This effect prevented the fluctuation of sex hormones in COH mice and benefited the outcome of pregnancy.

Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome , Progesterone , Female , Horses , Pregnancy , Mice , Humans , Animals , Cholesterol Side-Chain Cleavage Enzyme/genetics , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Corpus Luteum/pathology , Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome/genetics , Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome/pathology , Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome/prevention & control , Chorionic Gonadotropin/pharmacology , Chorionic Gonadotropin/therapeutic use
J Cell Sci ; 137(5)2024 03 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37676312


Human trophoblast organoids (TOs) are a three-dimensional ex vivo culture model that can be used to study various aspects of placental development, physiology and pathology. However, standard culturing of TOs does not recapitulate the cellular orientation of chorionic villi in vivo given that the multi-nucleated syncytiotrophoblast (STB) develops largely within the inner facing surfaces of these organoids (STBin). Here, we developed a method to culture TOs under conditions that recapitulate the cellular orientation of chorionic villi in vivo. We show that culturing STBin TOs in suspension with gentle agitation leads to the development of TOs containing the STB on the outer surface (STBout). Using membrane capacitance measurements, we determined that the outermost surface of STBout organoids contain large syncytia comprising >50 nuclei, whereas STBin organoids contain small syncytia (<10 nuclei) and mononuclear cells. The growth of TOs under conditions that mimic the cellular orientation of chorionic villi in vivo thus allows for the study of a variety of aspects of placental biology under physiological conditions.

Placenta , Trophoblasts , Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Organoids , Cell Nucleus , Giant Cells
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3962, ene.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF - Nursing | ID: biblio-1450106


Objetivo: identificar el riesgo de depresión durante el embarazo en gestantes de riesgo habitual incluidas en el control prenatal y los factores asociados. Método: estudio transversal, realizado con 201 gestantes, en el consultorio de prenatal de riesgo habitual de una maternidad universitaria. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó un formulario electrónico que contenía un instrumento de caracterización y la Escala de Riesgo de Depresión del Embarazo. La variable dependiente fue el riesgo de depresión en el embarazo. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante el cálculo de la razón de posibilidades (Odds Ratio) y utilizando las pruebas de Chi-cuadrado y exacta de Fischer. Resultados: entre las participantes, 68,2% tenían mayor riesgo de depresión durante el embarazo. Hubo asociación estadísticamente significativa entre mayor riesgo de depresión durante el embarazo y la variable ocupación (p=0,04), o sea, la ausencia del trabajo (OR = 2,00) duplicó la probabilidad de ocurrencia. Conclusión: la alta prevalencia de riesgo de depresión durante el embarazo destaca la necesidad de planificación, priorización e integración de la salud mental en los servicios de salud prenatal, especialmente en el ámbito de la Atención Primaria de Salud, por parte de los gestores de salud y de los formuladores de políticas.

Objective: to identify the risk of depression during pregnancy among pregnant women receiving routine prenatal care and the associated factors. Method: a cross-sectional study, carried out with 201 pregnant women, in a routine prenatal clinic of a university maternity hospital. Data were collected using an electronic form containing a characterization instrument and the Escala de Risco de Depressão na Gravidez (Depression during Pregnancy Scale). The dependent variable was the risk of depression during pregnancy. Statistical analysis was performed by calculating the Odds Ratio and using the Chi-square and Fischer's Exact tests. Results: among the participants, 68.2% had a higher risk of depression during pregnancy. There was a statistically significant association between a higher risk of depression during pregnancy and occupation (p=0.04), that is, unemployment (OR=2.00) doubled the risk of depression. Conclusion: the high prevalence of the risk of depression during pregnancy indicates the necessity of planning, prioritizing, and integrating mental health into prenatal health services, especially in the primary healthcare environment, by health managers and policymakers.

Objetivo: identificar o risco de depressão na gravidez entre gestantes inseridas na assistência pré-natal de risco habitual e os fatores associados. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 201 gestantes, no ambulatório de pré-natal de risco habitual de uma maternidade universitária. A coleta de dados utilizou um formulário eletrônico contendo um instrumento de caracterização e a Escala de Risco de Depressão na Gravidez. A variável dependente foi o risco de depressão na gravidez. A análise estatística deu-se pelo cálculo da razão de chances (Odds Ratio) e pelos testes Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fischer. Resultados: entre as participantes, 68,2% apresentaram maior risco de depressão na gravidez. Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre o maior risco de depressão na gravidez e a variável ocupação (p=0,04), ou seja, a ausência de emprego (OR = 2,00) aumentou em duas vezes a chance de ocorrência. Conclusão: a alta prevalência de risco de depressão na gravidez evidencia a necessidade de planejamento, priorização e integração da saúde mental nos serviços de saúde pré-natal, principalmente no ambiente da Atenção Primária à Saúde, por parte de gestores de saúde e formuladores de políticas.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Prenatal Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Depression/epidemiology
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3875, ene.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF - Nursing | ID: biblio-1431825


Objetivo: describir los patrones de actividad física de una cohorte de gestantes de nuestro medio y explorar su asociación con la ganancia de peso en cada uno de los trimestres del embarazo. Método: estudio descriptivo longitudinal sobre una muestra de 151 mujeres. Se utilizó el Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física para evaluar la actividad física durante el embarazo en función del volumen, intensidad y ámbito de realización. Se llevaron a cabo diferentes modelos de regresión lineal múltiple para analizar la asociación entre actividad física y ganancia de peso gestacional. Resultados: la actividad física disminuyó durante el embarazo, tanto en tiempo como en intensidad. El índice de masa corporal pre-gestacional fue el principal factor asociado con una menor ganancia de peso a lo largo de todo el embarazo. La influencia de la actividad física sobre la ganancia de peso gestacional se limitó al tercer trimestre del embarazo en el que se observó una asociación inversa entre ambas variables. Conclusión: los resultados de este estudio muestran un importante descenso de la actividad física en la época del embarazo y sugieren una influencia limitada de ésta sobre la ganancia de peso gestacional.

Objective: to describe the physical activity patterns of a cohort comprised by pregnant women from our environment and to explore its association with weight gain in each of the trimesters of pregnancy. Methods: a descriptive and longitudinal study conducted with a sample of 151 women. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to assess physical activity during pregnancy based on volume, intensity and setting where it is performed. Different multiple linear regression models were performed to analyze the association between physical activity and gestational weight gain Results: physical activity decreased during pregnancy, both in terms of time and intensity. Pre-gestational Body Mass Index was the main factor associated with lower weight gain throughout pregnancy. The influence of physical activity on gestational weight gain was limited to the third trimester of pregnancy, where an inverse association was observed between both variables. Conclusion: the results of this study show an important reduction in physical activity during pregnancy and suggest that it exerts a limited influence on gestational weight gain

Objetivo: descrever os padrões de atividade física de uma coorte de gestantes em nosso meio e explorar sua associação com o ganho de peso em cada um dos trimestres de gestação. Método: estudo descritivo longitudinal com uma amostra de 151 mulheres. O Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física foi utilizado para avaliar a atividade física durante a gestação de acordo com o volume, intensidade e escopo do desempenho. Diferentes modelos de regressão linear múltipla foram utilizados para analisar a associação entre atividade física e ganho de peso gestacional. Resultados: a atividade física diminuiu durante a gestação, tanto em tempo quanto em intensidade. O índice de massa corporal pré-gestacional foi o principal fator associado ao menor ganho de peso ao longo da gestação. A influência da atividade física no ganho de peso gestacional limitou-se ao terceiro trimestre de gestação, no qual foi observada associação inversa entre ambas as variáveis. Conclusão: os resultados deste estudo mostram uma diminuição significativa da atividade física no momento da gravidez e sugerem uma influência limitada desta no ganho de peso gestacional.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Exercise , Longitudinal Studies , Gestational Weight Gain
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3881, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF - Nursing | ID: biblio-1431838


Objetivo: comprobar la tasa de evaluación correcta mediante la comparación visual directa de las medidas de dilatación cervical en modelos de cuello uterino de consistencia dura. Método: estudio aleatorizado abierto con 63 estudiantes de obstetricia a los que se les asignó usar o no la comparación visual directa con una guía de dilatación. Los estudiantes estimaron de forma ciega la dilatación cervical en simuladores con diferentes dilataciones. El resultado primario fue la tasa de evaluación correcta. Resultados: los estudiantes realizaron 441 pruebas. Se observó una mayor tasa de evaluación correcta en el grupo experimental que en el grupo control (47,3% versus 27,2%; p < 0,001; Odds Ratio = 2,41; intervalo de confianza del 95% = 1,62-3, 58). Conclusión: la comparación visual directa aumentó la precisión de la evaluación de la dilatación cervical en modelos de simulación de cuello, lo que podría ser beneficioso en el entrenamiento de laboratorio. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos n.º U1111-1210-2389.

Objective: to verify the correct assessment rate when using direct visual comparison in the cervical dilation measures in hard-consistency cervix simulation models. Method: an open-label and randomized study conducted with 63 Obstetrics students that were designated either to use direct visual comparison in a dilation guide or not. The students estimated cervical dilation blindly in simulators with different dilations. The primary outcome was the correct assessment rate. Results: the students performed 141 tests. A higher correct assessment rate was found in the Experimental Group than in the Control Group (47.3% versus 27.2%; p<0.001; Odds Ratio = 2.41; 95% Confidence Interval = 1.62-3.58). Conclusion: the direct visual comparison increased precision of the cervical dilation assessment in cervix simulation models, with the possibility of being beneficial in laboratory training. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials No. U1111-1210-2389.

Objetivo: verificar a taxa de avaliação correta com o uso da comparação visual direta nas medidas de dilatação cervical em modelos de simulação de colo com consistência dura. Método: estudo randomizado aberto com 63 estudantes de obstetrícia que foram designados para usar comparação visual direta em um guia de dilatação ou não. Os estudantes estimaram cegamente a dilatação cervical em simuladores com diferentes dilatações. O desfecho primário foi a taxa de avaliação correta. Resultados: os estudantes realizaram 441 testes. Foi encontrada maior taxa de avaliação correta no grupo experimental do que no grupo controle (47,3% versus 27,2%; p <0,001; Odds Ratio = 2,41; intervalo de confiança de 95% = 1,62-3,58). Conclusão: a comparação visual direta aumentou a precisão da avaliação da dilatação cervical em modelos de simulação de colo, podendo ser benéfica no treinamento em laboratório. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos nº U1111-1210-2389.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Students, Medical , Labor Stage, First , Cervix Uteri , Dilatation , Obstetrics/education
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 77(5): 125-127, Juli-Dic. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-224689


Introducción: Las anomalías venosas del desarrollo son las malformaciones vasculares cerebrales más comunes, suelen ser incidentales y benignas, aunque alrededor del 40% se asocian a malformaciones cavernosas, por lo que es esencial buscar otras anomalías vasculares o neurocutáneas asociadas. Caso clínico: Se presenta una mujer de 34 años embarazada que acude por convulsiones y disartria, a la cual se le realiza una resonancia magnética de cráneo urgente. En ella se aprecia el clásico signo de la ‘cabeza de Medusa’, y se concluye como diagnóstico anomalía venosa del desarrollo con trombosis parcial periférica y flujo lento proximal. Conclusiones: La complicación con trombosis de las anomalías venosas del desarrollo es rara y los informes de casos de la bibliografía sugieren que deben manejarse de forma conservadora, como una trombosis del seno venoso, dejando la cirugía para otras complicaciones asociadas. Como radiólogos, debemos conocer las principales características por imagen para elaborar un diagnóstico certero.(AU)

Introduction: Developmental venous anomalies are the most common cerebral vascular malformations. They are usually incidental and benign, although about 40% are associated with cavernous malformations, and so it is essential to look for other associated vascular or neurocutaneous anomalies. Case report: We report the case of a 34-year-old pregnant woman who presented with seizures and dysarthria, and was submitted to an urgent cranial MRI scan. She showed the classic ‘Medusa head’ sign and was diagnosed with developmental venous anomaly with partial peripheral thrombosis and slow proximal flow. Conclusions: Thrombosis rarely occurs as a complication of developmental venous anomalies and case reports in the literature suggest that they should be managed conservatively, leaving surgery for other associated complications. As radiologists, we must be aware of the main imaging features so as to be able to make an accurate.(AU)

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Vascular Malformations/diagnosis , Thrombosis , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Central Nervous System Venous Angioma , Seizures , Dysarthria , Inpatients , Physical Examination , Neurology , Nervous System Diseases
Porto Alegre; Editora Rede Unida; jun. 2023. 381 p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437749


A proteção dos dados pessoais é um tema crucial para o controle social da saúde nesses tempos de capitalismo de vigilância em que há uma troca constante da privacidade dos indivíduos por serviços. Os capítulos dessa publicação são fruto de autores especialistas e convidados que participaram do Seminário online e gratuito intitulado "LGPD na Saúde: o CNS como articulador dos interesses da sociedade brasileira em Defesa da Vida", realizado em 2021. O evento foi promovido pelo Conselho Nacional de Saúde e nove mesas redondas conformaram três eixos de discussão: Acesso Universal à Saúde na Sociedade da Informação; Governo, Transformação Digital, Cidadania e o Controle Social da Saúde e Aspectos da Saúde Digital e da Ética em Pesquisa à Luz da LGPD. Enfim, esta coletânea visa contribuir com o cenário da governança das informações em saúde e a literacia dos atores do controle social na transição digital da saúde, suas práticas e tecnologias emergentes associadas.

Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Electronic Data Processing , Social Protection in Health
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 99(3)sep. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-224930


Introducción: La valoración nutricional en anorexia nerviosa (AN) incluye determinar la composición corporal y monitorizar su evolución a lo largo del periodo de tratamiento. La prueba gold standard para el estudio de la composición corporal es la absorciometría de rayos X de energía dual (DEXA), si bien la bioimpedancia eléctrica (BIA) se postula como una alternativa más accesible, barata, rápida y que no irradia. Material y métodos: Se reclutaron secuencialmente a 33 mujeres adolescentes (11,7-16,3 años) diagnosticadas de AN. Se recogieron parámetros clínicos, antropométricos y analíticos, y se realizó BIA y DEXA a la inclusión en el estudio y a la finalización del mismo con separación media de un año, durante la fase de rehabilitación nutricional. Resultados: Se objetivó mejoría significativa a nivel nutricional, reflejada en la composición corporal obtenida mediante antropometría y BIA. El ángulo de fase aumentó significativamente durante el periodo de seguimiento. Una mayor pérdida ponderal se correlacionó con la presencia de amenorrea secundaria y con una menor densidad mineral ósea en columna. Conclusiones: La BIA es una herramienta útil para la valoración y el seguimiento del estado nutricional en pacientes con AN en edad pediátrica. La DEXA sigue siendo imprescindible para conocer la afectación de la densidad mineral ósea. El papel de hormonas como la leptina está aún por determinar. (AU)

Introduction: Nutritional status assessment in anorexia nervosa (AN) includes the evaluation and monitoring of body composition throughout the treatment period. The gold standard for the study of body composition is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), although electrical bioimpedance (BIA) is a more accessible, cheaper and faster method that does not involve exposure to radiation. Material and methods: We recruited 33 female adolescents with AN (age, 11.7-16.3 years) by consecutive sampling. We collected data on clinical, anthropometric and laboratory variables. Patients were assessed with BIA and DEXA at inclusion in the study and at the end of the study, with a mean duration of followup of 1 year, during the nutritional rehabilitation phase. Results: There was significant improvement in nutritional status, reflected by the body composition obtained by anthropometric measurements and BIA. The phase angle increased significantly during the followup. Greater weight loss was associated with the presence of secondary amenorrhoea and decreased bone mineral density in the spine. Conclusions: Electrical BIA is a useful tool for assessment and monitoring of nutritional status in paediatric patients with AN. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry continues to be essential to assess bone mineral density. The role of hormones such as leptin remains to be elucidated. (AU)

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnostic imaging , Anorexia Nervosa/diagnosis , Body Composition , Electric Impedance , Densitometry , Nutritional Status , Longitudinal Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive
Enferm. infecc. microbiol. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 41(7): 420-422, Agos-Sept- 2023.
Article in Spanish | IBECS | ID: ibc-223716


La vacunación de la gripe en embarazadas muestra una clara relación beneficio/riesgo. En la actualidad se están desarrollando vacunas contra la gripe utilizando nuevas plataformas. Es imprescindible analizar la seguridad de estas nuevas vacunas en este grupo poblacional, infrarrepresentado en los ensayos clínicos. En la temporada 2019-2020 se aconsejó una vacuna obtenida en cultivo celular a las embarazadas en 2comunidades autónomas. Se recogió información de los centros de vacunación y de farmacovigilancia de ambas comunidades. La tasa de notificación de casos de acontecimientos adversos tras la vacunación en embarazadas fue de 4,02/100.000 dosis administradas y, en mujeres de 18 a 64 años no embarazadas, de 5,9/100.000 dosis administradas. La tasa de acontecimientos adversos notificados fue de 8,04 y 17,74, respectivamente. No se notificaron abortos espontáneos, prematuridad ni malformaciones fetales. Este análisis señala la seguridad en embarazadas de la vacuna de la gripe obtenida de cultivos celulares.(AU)

Influenza vaccination in pregnant women shows a clear benefit/risk ratio. Influenza vaccines are currently being developed using new platforms. It is essential to analyze the safety of these new vaccines in this population group, underrepresented in clinical trials. In the 2019-2020 season, a vaccine obtained in cell culture was recommended to pregnant women in 2autonomous communities. Information is collected from the vaccination and pharmacovigilance centers of both communities. The reporting rate of adverse events after vaccination in pregnant women was 4.02/100,000 doses administered, and in non-pregnant women aged 18-64 years it was 5.9/100,000 doses administered. The rate of adverse events reported was 8.04 and 17.74, respectively. No spontaneous abortions, prematurity or fetal malformations were reported. This analysis suggests the safety in pregnant women of the influenza vaccine obtained from cell cultures.(AU)

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Primary Cell Culture/methods , Influenza, Human/immunology , Pregnant Women , Pharmacoepidemiology , Influenza Vaccines , Vaccination , Vaccines/adverse effects
Influenza Other Respir Viruses ; 17(9): e13192, 2023 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37744991


We examined associations between mild or asymptomatic prenatal SARS-CoV-2 infection and preterm live birth in a prospective cohort study. During August 2020-October 2021, pregnant persons were followed with systematic surveillance for RT-PCR or serologically confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection until pregnancy end. The association between prenatal SARS-CoV-2 infection and preterm birth was assessed using Cox proportional-hazards regression. Among 954 pregnant persons with a live birth, 185 (19%) had prenatal SARS-CoV-2 infection and 123 (13%) had preterm birth. The adjusted hazard ratio for the association between SARS-CoV-2 infection and preterm birth was 1.28 (95% confidence interval 0.82-1.99, p = 0.28), although results did not reach statistical significance.

COVID-19 , Premature Birth , Infant, Newborn , Female , Pregnancy , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Live Birth , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Vitamins
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1238251, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37745696


Background: Recurrent implantation failure (RIF) is more common among patients receiving assisted reproductive treatment. Many efforts have been made to increase the incidence of clinical pregnancy among patients with RIF. The effect of the sequential transfer procedure, a two-step interval transfer of a cleavage-stage embryo followed by a blastocyst in one transfer cycle, on the clinical outcomes of RIF patients remains controversial. Methods: In total, 1774 frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles in RIF patients were included. Of these cycles, 302 were sequential embryo transfer (ET) cycles, 979 were double day 3 cleavage-stage ET cycles, and 493 were double blastocyst ET cycles. The primary outcomes were the rates of implantation, clinical pregnancy and multiple pregnancy, and the secondary outcomes were the rates of hCG positive, early miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. Results: The implantation, hCG positive, and clinical pregnancy rates in the sequential ET group (32.1%, 58.9%, 50.7%) were significantly higher than those in the day 3 cleavage-stage ET group (24.9%, 46.5%, 40.4%) and were similar to those in the blastocyst transfer group (30.1%, 56.4%, 47.1%). The early miscarriage rate in the blastocyst transfer group was significantly higher than that in the cleavage-stage ET group (17.2% vs. 8.1%, P <0.05), while the ectopic pregnancy rate in the blastocyst transfer group was significantly lower than that in the cleavage-stage ET group (0.4% vs. 3.0%, P <0.05). The multiple pregnancy rate in the sequential ET group was significantly lower than that in the cleavage-stage ET group (17.0% vs. 25.5%, P <0.05) and the blastocyst transfer group (17.0% vs. 27.6%, P <0.05). When cycles of blastocyst culture failure were excluded, the clinical pregnancy rate was significantly higher (55.7% vs. 47.1%, P <0.05), and the early miscarriage rate and multiple pregnancy rate were significantly lower (8.5% vs. 17.2%, 17.7% vs. 27.6%; P <0.05, respectively) in the sequential ET group than in the double blastocyst ET group. Conclusions: Sequential embryo transfer in FET cycles could improve the clinical outcomes of patients with RIF.

Abortion, Spontaneous , Pregnancy, Ectopic , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cohort Studies , Embryo, Mammalian , Embryo Transfer
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1250663, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37745695


Background: Does short-interval second ejaculation improve sperm quality, embryo development and clinical outcomes for oligoasthenozoospermia males received intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment? Methods: All enrolled male patients underwent short-interval secondary ejaculation on the day of oocyte retrieval, and 786 sibling MII oocytes from 67 cycles were equally divided into two groups based on whether the injected spermatozoons originated from the first or second ejaculation. Semen parameters, embryo development efficiency, morphokinetic parameters and clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups to assess the efficiency and clinical value of short-interval second ejaculation in ICSI cycles. Results: Short-interval second ejaculation significantly improved sperm motility, normal morphological rate, and sperm DNA integrity both before and after sperm swim-up. The high-quality blastocyst rate (24.79% versus 14.67%), available blastocyst rate (57.56% versus 48.44%), and oocyte utilization rate (52.93% versus 45.29%) were significantly higher in the second ejaculation group (P<0.05). The clinical pregnancy rate (59.09% versus 47.37%), implantation rate (42.11% versus 32.35%) and live birth rate (40.91% versus 31.58%) were higher in the second ejaculation group, but the differences were not significant (P>0.05). Time-lapse analysis showed that morphokinetic time points after the 7-cell stage were earlier in the second ejaculation group but without a significant difference (P>0.05), and abnormal embryo cleavage patterns between the two groups were not significantly different (P>0.05). Conclusions: Short-interval second ejaculation significantly improves sperm quality in oligoasthenozoospermic males, and is beneficial for blastocyst formation efficiency in ICSI cycles. This study suggested a non-invasive and simple but effective strategy for improving ICSI treatment outcomes.

Ejaculation , Semen , Female , Pregnancy , Male , Humans , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Time-Lapse Imaging , Sperm Motility , Oocytes , Embryonic Development , Spermatozoa , Blastocyst
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1191721, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37745705


Preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, and recurrent spontaneous abortion are common maternal pregnancy complications that seriously endanger women's lives and health, and their occurrence is increasing year after year with a rejuvenation trend. In contrast to biomarkers found freely in tissues or body fluids, exosomes exist in a relatively independent environment and provide a higher level of stability. As backbone molecules, guidance molecules, and signaling molecules in the nucleus, lncRNAs can regulate gene expression. In the cytoplasm, lncRNAs can influence gene expression levels by modifying mRNA stability, acting as competitive endogenous RNAs to bind miRNAs, and so on. Exosomal lncRNAs can exist indefinitely and are important in intercellular communication and signal transduction. Changes in maternal serum exosome lncRNA expression can accurately and timely reflect the progression and regression of pregnancy-related diseases. The purpose of this paper is to provide a reference for clinical research on the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment methods of pregnancy-related diseases by reviewing the role of exosome lncRNAs in female pathological pregnancy and related molecular mechanisms.

Abortion, Habitual , Body Fluids , Exosomes , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding , Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Exosomes/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med ; 59(4): 505-521, 2023 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37746783


INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common spinal deformity encountered in adolescents and larger curves are more prevalent in girls. For females with scoliosis, women's health issues are of particular concern, especially pregnancy. The aim of this review was to summarise the best available evidence to determine the influence of pregnancy on scoliosis-related outcomes in women with scoliosis and whether scoliosis affects maternal-health outcomes, differentiating between patients who have been managed conservatively and/or surgically. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A search was conducted using CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane Database, MEDLINE, and EMBASE from inception to May 2023 to identify relevant articles in any language. The scoping review followed the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Studies were eligible if they included pregnant women (primiparous or multiparous) with a diagnosis of scoliosis of unknown aetiology. The results were summarized by outcomes, including pregnancy and scoliosis-related outcomes and type of management. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Our comprehensive search strategy identified 6872 articles, of which 50 articles were eligible for this review. Back pain appears to be more prevalent in this population during pregnancy and associated with the major curve and the decrease of lumbar lordosis. There have been reports of failed attempted spinal anaesthesia among patients with instrumented scoliosis correction and minor complications related to epidural anaesthesia at a higher rate compared to non-instrumented patients and healthy controls, however successful spinal analgesia can be achieved in patients with instrumented scoliosis correction. Overall, the caesarean section rate was similar in scoliosis patients compared to controls without scoliosis and to national averages. Curve progression occurs in some but not all patients during pregnancy, and this phenomenon occurs irrespective of the treatment received. CONCLUSIONS: Higher-quality prospective longitudinal research is needed to understand the relationship between pregnancy and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Further, the patient's perspective, concerns and fears surrounding pregnancy with scoliosis are yet to be explored. Exploring the impact of pregnancy on women with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis would have clinically relevant outcomes and could help provide pertinent answers to patients and healthcare workers and help guide future research.

Scoliosis , Pregnancy , Animals , Adolescent , Female , Humans , Scoliosis/diagnosis , Scoliosis/therapy , Cesarean Section , Prospective Studies , Databases, Factual , Fear
Biol Open ; 12(7)2023 Jul 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37746816


In July 2023, Daniel Gorelick was appointed Editor-in-Chief of Biology Open (BiO). Dan is currently Associate Professor in the Center for Precision Environmental Health, and Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology at the Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, USA. He is also Director of the Zebrafish Advanced Technology Core Facility. Dan's lab studies how endocrine-disrupting chemicals and related toxicants influence embryonic development.

Embryonic Development , Zebrafish , Female , Pregnancy , Male , Animals , Humans , Research Personnel , Biology