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1.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 17(3): [100514], jul.-sept2024. tab
Article in English | IBECS | ID: ibc-231876

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To analyze binocular vision of individuals aged 18 to 35 years diagnosed with keratoconus, utilizing spectacles and rigid gas-permeable (RGP) contact lenses. Research was led by the Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes, México and Fundación Universitaria del Área Andina Pereira, Colombia. Methods: A single center, prospective non-randomized, comparative, interventional, open-label study, in which the differences in binocular vision performance with both spectacles and RGP contact lenses was carried out from December 2018 to December 2019. Sampling was performed according to consecutive cases with keratoconus that met the inclusion criteria until the proposed sample size was reached. Results: Rigid gas-permeable (RGP) contact lenses notably enhanced distance and near visual acuity in keratoconus patients compared to spectacles. Visual alignment analysis shows exophoria at both distances and is slightly higher with RGP contact lenses. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.05), with 82.5 % presenting compensated phoria with spectacles and pnly 42.50% with RGP contact lenses. Stereoscopic vision improved while wearing RGP contact lenses (42.59 %), although accommodation and accommodative flexibility remained within normal ranges. Conclusions: Patients with keratoconus fitted with RGP contact lenses have improved binocular vision skills such as visual acuity, stereopsis, and accommodative flexibility. However, even when the vergence and motor system is decompensated with respect to normal ranges, the range between break and recovery points for both fusional reserves and the near point of convergence (NPC) improves with the use of RGP contact lenses, giving indications of an adaptive condition of the motor system from the medium to the long term.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Keratoconus , Eyeglasses , Contact Lenses , Vision, Binocular , Vision Tests , Colombia , Mexico , Ophthalmology , Prospective Studies
2.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 316(6): 337, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844623

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The PROspective Cutaneous Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (PROCLIPI) study is aprospective analysis of an international database. Here we examine front-line treatments and quality of life (QoL) inpatients with newly diagnosed mycosis fungoides (MF). OBJECTIVES: To identify (i) differences in first-line approaches according to tumour-nodes-metastasis-blood (TNMB)staging; (ii) parameters related to a first-line systemic approach and (iii) response rates and QoL measures. METHODS: In total, 395 newly diagnosed patients with early-stage MF (stage IA-IIA) were recruited from 41 centresin 17 countries between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2018 following central clinicopathological review. RESULTS: The most common first-line therapy was skin-directed therapy (SDT) (322 cases, 81·5%), while a smallerpercentage (44 cases, 11·1%) received systemic therapy. Expectant observation was used in 7·3%. In univariateanalysis, the use of systemic therapy was significantly associated with higher clinical stage (IA, 6%; IB, 14%; IIA,20%; IA-IB vs. IIA, P < 0·001), presence of plaques (T1a/T2a, 5%; T1b/T2b, 17%; P < 0·001), higher modified Severity Weighted Assessment Tool (> 10, 15%; ≤ 10, 7%; P = 0·01) and folliculotropic MF (FMF) (24% vs. 12%, P = 0·001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated significant associations with the presence of plaques (T1b/T2b vs.T1a/T2a, odds ratio 3·07) and FMF (odds ratio 2·83). The overall response rate (ORR) to first-line SDT was 73%,while the ORR to first-line systemic treatments was lower (57%) (P = 0·027). Health-related QoL improvedsignificantly both in patients with responsive disease and in those with stable disease. CONCLUSIONS: Disease characteristics such as presence of plaques and FMF influence physician treatment choices,and SDT was superior to systemic therapy even in patients with such disease characteristics. Consequently, futuretreatment guidelines for early-stage MF need to address these issues.


Subject(s)
Mycosis Fungoides , Neoplasm Staging , Quality of Life , Skin Neoplasms , Humans , Mycosis Fungoides/pathology , Mycosis Fungoides/drug therapy , Mycosis Fungoides/diagnosis , Mycosis Fungoides/therapy , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/drug therapy , Skin Neoplasms/therapy , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Aged , Adult , Prospective Studies , Aged, 80 and over , Treatment Outcome , Prognosis
3.
Dan Med J ; 71(6)2024 May 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847410

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection and SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in parturient women and their newborns during the first Danish COVID-19 wave and to identify associations with maternal background characteristics, self-reported symptoms, and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: In a single-centre, prospective cohort study from Denmark, we invited 1,883 women with singleton pregnancies giving live birth from 25 May 2020 to 2 November 2020. Hereof, 953 (50.6%) women were included. Nasopharyngeal swabs, maternal and umbilical cord blood samples, and questionnaires were collected. Medical records were available for participants and non-participants. RESULTS: SARS-CoV-2 antibodies were found in 1.3% of the women. All newborns of seropositive women had SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in cord blood. No association was found between SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and pregnancy outcomes. Self-reported loss of smell correlated with seropositivity (p less-than 0.001). No women were hospitalised due to COVID-19 during pregnancy or had a positive nasopharyngeal swab intrapartum. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of COVID-19 in pregnancy was low during the first wave. Maternal SARS-CoV-2 antibodies were associated with antibodies in cord blood, loss of smell and positive SARS-CoV-2 swab during pregnancy, but not with any adverse pregnancy outcomes. FUNDING: Ferring Pharmaceuticals funded part of the study. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was approved by the Regional Committee on Health Research Ethics (H-20028002) and the Danish Data Protection Agency (P-2020-264).


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19 , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Pregnancy Outcome , SARS-CoV-2 , Humans , Pregnancy , Female , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/immunology , Denmark/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Adult , Prospective Studies , Antibodies, Viral/blood , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Infant, Newborn , Fetal Blood/immunology , Prevalence
4.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 370, 2024 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847900

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) combined with mirabegron therapy compared with mirabegron monotherapy in the treatment of female patients with overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: In this randomized controlled study, 100 female outpatients with OAB were screened. Among these patients, 86 who met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into the TENS combined with mirabegron treatment group and mirabegron monotherapy treatment group, with 43 patients in each group. The voiding diary, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), Overactive Bladder Questionnaire Symptom Bother Score (OAB-q SBS), total health-related quality of life (OAB-q HRQoL), and treatment satisfaction-visual analog scale (TS-VAS) score before and after treatment were recorded to evaluate the efficacy of OAB treatment. Seventy-nine of the 86 patients (40 in the TENS plus mirabegron group and 39 in the mirabegron monotherapy group) completed 12 weeks of treatment. RESULTS: TENS combined with mirabegron therapy was superior to mirabegron monotherapy in improving the primary endpoints, including the daily number of micturition episodes and the daily MVV/micturition and secondary endpoints, including the daily number of urgency episodes, the OABSS, the OAB-q SBS, the HRQoL score and TS-VAS score. There were no statistically significant differences in urgency urinary incontinence and nocturia between the groups. Some minor adverse effects were observed, including muscle pain, local paresthesia and constipation. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of TENS and mirabegron was more effective than mirabegron alone in the treatment of female patients with OAB. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2400080528 (31.01.2024, retrospectively registered).


Subject(s)
Acetanilides , Thiazoles , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Urinary Bladder, Overactive , Humans , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/therapy , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/drug therapy , Female , Acetanilides/therapeutic use , Thiazoles/therapeutic use , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/methods , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Combined Modality Therapy , Aged , Adult , Adrenergic beta-3 Receptor Agonists/therapeutic use , Urological Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(7): 416, 2024 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847962

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the tolerance and feasibility of using virtual reality headsets with patients during interventional radiology procedures. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In this single-center prospective study, the use of a virtual reality headset in addition to the usual analgesic and anxiolytic treatment was proposed to all patients presenting in the interventional radiology department from December 2020 to June 2022. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients with whom it was not possible to communicate (2) epileptic patients, (3) non-verbal patients, and (4) pregnant women. The main objective was to evaluate the safety of the procedure by screening complications during and after the procedure. The second objective was to evaluate feasibility, as defined by the number of patients using the helmet until the end of the procedure. Effectiveness (patient's self-evaluation of pain and anxiety), comfort, satisfaction, emotions felt, sense of security, and feeling of immersion were also evaluated. Caregivers completed a feedback questionnaire. RESULTS: Virtual reality headsets were offered to 100 patients, 9 of whom declined. Procedures were achieved in 93.5% of cases: 6/91 patients removed the headset before the end of the procedure. There were minor adverse events in 2/85 (2.3%) procedures (discomfort and nausea) and no major adverse events. 93.9% of patients found an overall benefit, and 90.2% would recommend virtual reality to another patient. 94.4% of caregivers were satisfied with the virtual reality equipment. The mean pain level was 2.5 ± 2.7 before the procedure, 3.3 ± 2.5 during the procedure, and 1.6 ± 2.7 after the procedure. Mean anxiety scores were 4.6 ± 2.9 before the procedure, 3.1 ± 2.7 during the procedure, and 1.1 ± 1.9 after the procedure. CONCLUSION: The use of virtual reality technology as a complement to traditional therapy for procedures under local anesthesia is feasible and safe in interventional radiology and can be beneficial for pain and anxiety management.


Subject(s)
Feasibility Studies , Virtual Reality , Humans , Female , Prospective Studies , Male , Middle Aged , Adult , Anxiety/etiology , Anxiety/prevention & control , Aged , Radiology, Interventional/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Satisfaction
6.
J Refract Surg ; 40(6): e371-e380, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848054

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report on the prospective evaluation of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in experienced ametropic naval aviators that led to the approval of refractive surgery for military pilots. METHODS: This was the first study evaluating refractive surgery in naval aviators. Return to flight status after PRK and clinical outcomes and subjective and objective flight performance were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 785 U.S. naval aviators were enrolled in the study. Average preoperative refraction was -2.92 ± 1.73 diopters (D) (range: +5.25 to -9.13 D). By 6 months, 85.9% of eyes were within ±0.50 D and 96.4% were within ±1.00 D of emmetropia. 94.4% of eyes achieved 20/20 or better, 74.3% had 20/16 or better, and 45.2% had 20/12.5 or better uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) at 6 months. A total of 78.5% of aviators met return-to-flight criteria by 4 weeks, 83.3% by 8 weeks, and 90.8% by 12 weeks following PRK. All aviators eventually returned to full flight status. Cumulative flight experience included logging more than 48,000 flight hours and 19,500 landings in the 6 months following PRK. Psychometric questionnaire results showed that 78% reported improved ability to detect other aircraft and 92% reported improved ability to land on an aircraft carrier (82% significantly improved) compared to wearing corrective lenses. No one felt their vision was worse in these dynamic environments. All aviators indicated they would undergo the procedure again and would recommend it to a fellow aviator. CONCLUSIONS: This prospective study in U.S. naval aviators determined PRK to be safe and effective in a unique patient population operating in a visually demanding and hazardous environment. The program continues to be enthusiastically supported by aviators and PRK is now allowed in all branches of the military and for National Aeronautics and Space Administration astronauts. [J Refract Surg. 2024;40(6):e371-e380.].


Subject(s)
Lasers, Excimer , Military Personnel , Myopia , Photorefractive Keratectomy , Refraction, Ocular , Visual Acuity , Photorefractive Keratectomy/methods , Humans , Prospective Studies , Visual Acuity/physiology , Adult , Male , United States , Female , Myopia/surgery , Myopia/physiopathology , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use , Refraction, Ocular/physiology , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aerospace Medicine , Treatment Outcome
7.
J Refract Surg ; 40(6): e407-e419, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848051

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess clinical outcomes after cataract surgery with bilateral implantation of a new bi-aspheric diffractive intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS: Thirty patients underwent bilateral implantation of the Asqelio Trifocal Toric IOL (AST Products, Inc) and were evaluated 3 months postoperatively. Main outcomes included refractive error, photopic monocular and binocular uncorrected and corrected distance (UDVA, CDVA), intermediate (UIVA, CDIVA) at 60 cm, and near (UNVA, CDNVA) at 40 cm visual acuities. Mesopic monocular and binocular CDNVA were also measured. Defocus curves, binocular contrast sensitivity under photopic and mesopic conditions with and without glare and rotational stability were determined. Patients completed Catquest-9SF and visual symptoms questionnaires. RESULTS: Average values of binocular photopic CDVA, CDIVA, and CDNVA, and mesopic CDNVA were -0.04 ± 0.06, 0.02 ± 0.08, 0.02 ± 0.07, and 0.22 ± 0.11 logMAR, respectively. All patients achieved cumulative CDVA ⩾ 20/25, and CDIVA and CDNVA of 20/32 or better. Binocular depth of focus was approximately 3.25 diopters (D). Mean postoperative spherical equivalent was -0.08 ± 0.26 D, with 95% of eyes within ±0.50 D. Mean postoperative refractive cylinder was -0.22 ± 0.27 D, with 91.67% of eyes within 0.50 D or less, respectively. IOL rotation averaged 0.25 ± 0.65 degrees, all eyes having rotation of less than 5 degrees. Contrast sensitivity was within or above normal levels under photopic and mesopic conditions, with or without glare, except for 12 cpd under mesopic conditions with glare. Questionnaire responses indicated 96.67% of patients were satisfied or very satisfied with postoperative vision, and 80.00% to 96.67% reported no difficulty in different daily activities. CONCLUSIONS: The Asqelio Trifocal Toric IOL demonstrated favorable outcomes, providing excellent visual performance at all distances, precise refractive results, and remarkable rotational stability. Patients reported high satisfaction levels and minimal difficulty in daily activities. [J Refract Surg. 2024;40(6):e407-e419.].


Subject(s)
Contrast Sensitivity , Lens Implantation, Intraocular , Multifocal Intraocular Lenses , Patient Satisfaction , Phacoemulsification , Prosthesis Design , Pseudophakia , Refraction, Ocular , Vision, Binocular , Visual Acuity , Humans , Visual Acuity/physiology , Vision, Binocular/physiology , Male , Female , Aged , Refraction, Ocular/physiology , Pseudophakia/physiopathology , Middle Aged , Contrast Sensitivity/physiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Prospective Studies , Aged, 80 and over , Lenses, Intraocular , Treatment Outcome
8.
J Refract Surg ; 40(6): e398-e406, 2024 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38848057

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the visual and refractive outcomes of patients implanted with a toric extended depth-of-focus (EDOF) intraocular lens (IOL) following cataract surgery. METHODS: A total of 44 eyes implanted with the EDOF LuxSmart toric IOL were evaluated 4 to 6 months postoperatively. The main outcomes measurements evaluated were refractive error, rotational stability, distance, intermediate, and near visual acuities, defocus curve, photopic and mesopic contrast sensitivity, wavefront aberrations, and modulation transfer function, and the Catquest-9SF-questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean postoperative spherical equivalent and cylinder were -0.02 ± 0.26 and -0.17 ± 0.29 diopters (D), respectively. A total of 90.45% and 100% of the eyes had a postoperative spherical equivalent within ±0.50 and ±1.00 D, respectively (this being 93.18% and 100% for the refractive cylinder). The mean rotational stability was 0.61 ± 1.61 degrees. The mean binocular corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), corrected distance intermediate visual acuity (CDIVA), and corrected distance near visual acuity (CDNVA) were -0.02 ± 0.06, 0.07 ± 0.08, and 0.26 ± 0.09 logMAR, respectively. The CDVA was 20/25 or better in 95.45% of patients, CDIVA was 20/25 or better in 72.73%, and CDNVA was 20/40 or better in 72.73%. The defocus curve showed good visual acuity at distance and intermediate vergences. The contrast sensitivity and optical quality outcomes were good with mean higher order, spherical, and coma aberration values of 0.161 ± 0.155, -0.019 ± 0.048, and 0.080 ± 0.065 µm, respectively. A total of 90.9% of patients were either fairly satisfied or very satisfied with their vision after the surgery, and 77.7% of patients reported no difficulties when reading text in newspapers. CONCLUSIONS: Implantation of the toric pure refractive EDOF technology IOL provides good refractive, optical, and visual quality at different distances, with high levels of patient satisfaction being reported. [J Refract Surg. 2024;40(6):e398-e406.].


Subject(s)
Contrast Sensitivity , Corneal Wavefront Aberration , Depth Perception , Lens Implantation, Intraocular , Lenses, Intraocular , Phacoemulsification , Prosthesis Design , Pseudophakia , Refraction, Ocular , Vision, Binocular , Visual Acuity , Humans , Visual Acuity/physiology , Female , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Contrast Sensitivity/physiology , Pseudophakia/physiopathology , Refraction, Ocular/physiology , Corneal Wavefront Aberration/physiopathology , Depth Perception/physiology , Vision, Binocular/physiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Prospective Studies , Patient Satisfaction , Aged, 80 and over , Treatment Outcome
9.
Amino Acids ; 56(1): 38, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844708

ABSTRACT

Biomarkers that accurately reflect renal function are essential in management of chronic kidney diseases (CKD). However, in children, age/physique and medication often alter established renal biomarkers. We studied whether amino acid enantiomers in body fluids correlate with renal function and whether they are influenced by physique or steroid medication during development. We conducted a prospective study of children 2 to 18 years old with and without CKD. We analyzed associations of serine/asparagine enantiomers in body fluids with major biochemical parameters as well as physique. To study consequences of kidney dysfunction and steroids on serine/asparagine enantiomers, we generated juvenile mice with uninephrectomy, ischemic reperfusion injury, or dexamethasone treatment. We obtained samples from 27 children, of which 12 had CKD due to congenital (n = 7) and perinatal (n = 5) causes. Plasma D-asparagine and the D/L-serine ratio had robust, positive linear associations with serum creatinine and cystatin C, and detected CKD with high sensitivity and specificity, uninfluenced by body size or biochemical parameters. In the animal study, kidney dysfunction increased plasma D-asparagine and the D/L-serine ratio, but dexamethasone treatment did not. Thus, plasma D-asparagine and the D/L-serine ratio can be useful markers for renal function in children.


Subject(s)
Asparagine , Biomarkers , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Serine , Child , Animals , Humans , Asparagine/blood , Asparagine/metabolism , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/blood , Child, Preschool , Serine/blood , Mice , Male , Female , Adolescent , Biomarkers/blood , Prospective Studies , Dexamethasone , Stereoisomerism , Creatinine/blood , Kidney/metabolism
10.
J Int Med Res ; 52(6): 3000605241257418, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844780

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy and safety of single-incision laparoscopic (SIL) technique compared with the traditional three-port total extraperitoneal (TEP) technique for inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: This prospective, randomised study involved patients who underwent surgery for inguinal hernia at our hospital from December 2021 to July 2023. Patients were randomly assigned to SIL-TEP or TEP groups based on a computer-generated random number table. Perioperative clinical indicators for the surgical approaches were evaluated. RESULTS: Of the 127 patients eligible for study, 66 were randomised to the SIL-TEP group and 61 to the TEP group. The operation time for SIL-TEP was significantly longer than for TEP but the time to return to normal activities was significantly shorter and short-term pain score was significantly lower. There were no differences between groups in intraoperative blood loss, postoperative hospital stays, pain relief time, hospitalization costs or cosmetic satisfaction scores. CONCLUSION: While SIL-TEP is more challenging than TEP for hernia repair, we found that at our centre it is comparable with regard to overall safety and feasibility. Further studies are needed to validate our findings.


Subject(s)
Hernia, Inguinal , Herniorrhaphy , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Humans , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Herniorrhaphy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/instrumentation , Prospective Studies , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Adult , Treatment Outcome , Aged , Pain, Postoperative/etiology
11.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 407, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844840

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of performing ICSI on immature oocytes for POSEIDON patients is still unknown to get better early embryonic development outcomes. The purpose of this study was to implore the most appropriate time to carry out ICSI on in vitro maturation GV and MI oocytes for POSEIDON patients. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-nine immature oocytes from 163 POSEIDON patients were prospectively performed ICSI at different timings: P-ICSI (ICSI was performed on in vitro matured oocytes 4-6 h after the first polar body extrusion, N = 81), R-ICSI (ICSI was performed on in vitro matured oocytes less than 4 h after the first polar body extrusion, N = 80), and E-ICSI (ICSI was performed on in vitro matured oocytes the next day after oocytes retrieval, N = 78). Fertilization and embryonic development outcomes were collected and statistically analyzed. Mitochondria distribution of cytoplasm of in vitro matured oocytes with different time cultures after the first polar body (PB1) extrusion was stained. RESULTS: Compared to the E-ICSI group, more day 3 embryos from P-ICSI became blastocysts after sequential culture though without statistical significance (OR = 3.71, 95% CI: 0.94-14.63, P = 0.061). Compared to the E-ICSI group, more embryos from both P-ICSI and R-ICSI groups were clinically used with statistical significance (OR = 5.67, 95% CI: 2.24-14.35, P = 0.000 for P-ICSI embryos; OR = 3.23, 95% CI: 1.23-8.45, P = 0.017 for R-ICSI embryos). Compared to the E-ICSI group, transferred embryos from P-ICSI and R-ICSI had a higher implantation rate though without statistical significance (35.3% for P-ICSI embryos; 9.1% or R-ICSI embryos and 0% for E-ICSI embryos, P = 0.050). Among the three group, there were most healthy babies delivered from the P-ICSI group (5, 1 and 0 for P-ICSI, R-ICSI and E-ICSI respectively). The mitochondria in the cytoplasm of in vitro matured oocytes with a less than 4 h and 4-6 h culture after PB1 extrusion presented semiperipheral and diffused distribution patterns, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our results revealed P-ICSI (ICSI was performed on in vitro matured oocytes 4-6 h after the first polar body extrusion) provided the most efficient method to utilize the immaturation oocytes basing on embryos utilization and live birth outcome for low prognosis patients under the POSEIDON classification. The mitochondria distribution of the in vitro matured oocytes' cytoplasm from P-ICSI varied that from R-ICSI.


Subject(s)
Embryonic Development , In Vitro Oocyte Maturation Techniques , Oocytes , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Humans , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic/methods , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , In Vitro Oocyte Maturation Techniques/methods , Time Factors , Prospective Studies , Prognosis , Pregnancy Rate , Oocyte Retrieval/methods , Embryo Transfer/methods , Blastocyst , Embryo Culture Techniques/methods , Polar Bodies
12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 565, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844855

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) depends on participants adherence, making it crucial to assess and compare regimen options to enhance human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prophylaxis strategies. However, no prospective study in China has shown that the completion rate and adherence of single-tablet regimens in HIV PEP are higher than those of multi-tablet preparations. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the completion rate and adherence of two HIV PEP regimens. METHODS: In this single-center, prospective, open-label cohort study, we included 179 participants from May 2022 to March 2023 and analyzed the differences in the 28-day medication completion rate, adherence, safety, tolerance, and effectiveness of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, emtricitabine, and dolutegravir (TDF/FTC + DTG). RESULTS: The PEP completion rate and adherence were higher in the BIC/FTC/TAF group than in the TDF/FTC + DTG group (completion rate: 97.8% vs. 82.6%, P = 0.009; adherence: 99.6 ± 2.82% vs. 90.2 ± 25.29%, P = 0.003). The incidence of adverse reactions in the BIC/FTC/TAF and TDF/FTC + DTG groups was 15.2% and 10.3% (P = 0.33), respectively. In the TDF/FTC + DTG group, one participant stopped PEP owing to adverse reactions (1.1%). No other participants stopped PEP due to adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: BIC/FTC/TAF and TDF/FTC + DTG have good safety and tolerance as PEP regimens. BIC/FTC/TAF has a higher completion rate and increased adherence, thus, is recommended as a PEP regimen. These findings emphasize the importance of regimen choice in optimizing PEP outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number: ChiCTR2200059994(2022-05-14), https://www.chictr.org.cn/bin/project/edit?pid=167391 ).


Subject(s)
Amides , Anti-HIV Agents , Drug Combinations , Emtricitabine , HIV Infections , Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring , Post-Exposure Prophylaxis , Pyridones , Tenofovir , Humans , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Prospective Studies , Male , Emtricitabine/therapeutic use , Emtricitabine/administration & dosage , Tenofovir/therapeutic use , Tenofovir/administration & dosage , Tenofovir/analogs & derivatives , China , Adult , Female , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-HIV Agents/administration & dosage , Amides/therapeutic use , Amides/administration & dosage , Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring/therapeutic use , Heterocyclic Compounds, 3-Ring/administration & dosage , Middle Aged , Post-Exposure Prophylaxis/methods , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings/therapeutic use , Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings/administration & dosage , Alanine/therapeutic use , Alanine/administration & dosage , Adenine/analogs & derivatives , Adenine/therapeutic use , Adenine/administration & dosage , Young Adult , Piperazines
13.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 270, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844887

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The evaluation of the asthmatic patient is usually based on clinical and functional parameters that do not necessarily evidence the degree of airway inflammation. The aim of this study was to analyze whether clinical scores (CS) correlate with spirometry (S), impulse oscillometry (IO) and FeNO, in severe asthmatic children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multicentric, prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted over a 12-month period. All SA patients (6-18 years old) followed-up in the Pulmonology Department were recruited. CS, FeNO measurements, IO and S were consecutively performed on the same day. Asthma control was ascertained using ACT and GINAq. A cut-off value of ≥ 25 parts per billion (ppb) was used to define airway inflammation. RESULTS: Eighty-one patients were included. ACT: 75% (n 61) were controlled; GINAq: 44.5% (n 36) were controlled; 39.5% (n 32) were partly controlled, and 16% (n 13) were uncontrolled. FeNO had a median value of 24 ppb (IQR 14-41); FeNO ≥ 25 ppb was observed in 49% of patients (n 39). ROC AUC for FeNO vs. ACT was 0.71 (95%CI 0.57-0.86), PPV 0.47, NPV 0.87, SE 0.61, SP 0.80; FeNO vs. GINAq was ROC AUC 0.69 (95%CI 0.54-0.85), PPV 0.34, NPV 0.91, SE 0.62, SP 0.77; Youden cut-off FeNO > 39 ppb for both CS. CONCLUSION: In severe asthmatic children, current symptoms control as evidenced by ACT and GINA correlates with low FeNO values. Clinical scores showed good correlation with airway inflammation.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Nitric Oxide , Oscillometry , Severity of Illness Index , Spirometry , Humans , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/physiopathology , Child , Female , Male , Oscillometry/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Adolescent , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , ROC Curve
14.
Environ Health ; 23(1): 53, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844911

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Time-varying exposures like pet ownership pose challenges for identifying critical windows due to multicollinearity when modeled simultaneously. The Distributed Lag Model (DLM) estimates critical windows for time-varying exposures, which are mainly continuous variables. However, applying complex functions such as high-order splines and nonlinear functions within DLMs may not be suitable for situations with limited time points or binary exposure, such as in questionnaire surveys. OBJECTIVES: (1) We examined the estimation performance of a simple DLM with fractional polynomial function for time-varying binary exposures through simulation experiments. (2) We evaluated the impact of pet ownership on childhood wheezing onset and estimate critical windows. METHODS: (1) We compared logistic regression including time-varying exposure in separate models, in one model simultaneously, and using DLM. For evaluation, we employed bias, empirical standard error (EmpSE), and mean squared error (MSE). (2) The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) is a prospective birth cohort study of approximately 100,000 parent-child pairs, registered across Japan from 2011 to 2014. We applied DLM to the JECS data up to age 3. The estimated odds ratios (OR) were considered to be within critical windows when they were significant at the 5% level. RESULTS: (1) DLM and the separate model exhibited lower bias compared to the simultaneously model. Additionally, both DLM and the simultaneously model demonstrated lower EmpSEs than the separate model. In all scenarios, DLM had lower MSEs than the other methods. Specifically, where critical windows is clearly present and exposure correlation is high, DLM showed MSEs about 1/2 to 1/200 of those of other models. (2) Application of DLM to the JECS data showed that, unlike other models, a significant exposure effect was observed only between the ages of 0 and 6 months. During that periods, the highest ORs were 1.07 (95% confidence interval, 1.01 to 1.14) , observed between the ages of 2 and 5 months. CONCLUSIONS: (1) A simple DLM improves the accuracy of exposure effect and critical windows estimation. (2) 0-6 months may be the critical windows for the effect of pet ownership on the wheezing onset at 3 years.


Subject(s)
Ownership , Pets , Respiratory Sounds , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Child, Preschool , Female , Male , Ownership/statistics & numerical data , Animals , Environmental Exposure/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Infant , Models, Statistical , Longitudinal Studies , Logistic Models
15.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 632, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844925

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the benefits of employing a Physical Lifelike Brain (PLB) simulator for training medical students in performing craniotomy for glioblastoma removal and decompressive craniectomy. METHODS: This prospective study included 30 medical clerks (fifth and sixth years in medical school) at a medical university. Before participating in the innovative lesson, all students had completed a standard gross anatomy course as part of their curriculum. The innovative lesson involved PLB Simulator training, after which participants completed the Learning Satisfaction/Confidence Perception Questionnaire and some received qualitative interviews. RESULTS: The average score of students' overall satisfaction with the innovative lesson was 4.71 out of a maximum of 5 (SD = 0.34). After the lesson, students' confidence perception level improved significantly (t = 9.38, p < 0.001, effect size = 1.48), and the average score improved from 2,15 (SD = 1.02) to 3.59 (SD = 0.93). 60% of the students thought that the innovative lesson extremely helped them understand the knowledge of surgical neuroanatomy more, 70% believed it extremely helped them improve their skills in burr hole, and 63% thought it was extremely helpful in improving the patient complications of craniotomy with the removal of glioblastoma and decompressive craniectomy after completing the gross anatomy course. CONCLUSION: This innovative lesson with the PLB simulator successfully improved students' craniotomy knowledge and skills.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Clinical Competence , Decompressive Craniectomy , Glioblastoma , Simulation Training , Students, Medical , Humans , Glioblastoma/surgery , Prospective Studies , Decompressive Craniectomy/education , Brain Neoplasms/surgery , Male , Female , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/methods , Craniotomy/education , Curriculum
16.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 630, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844948

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Stress significantly affects both the physical and emotional health of individuals, particularly students in health-related fields. Medical students in Brazil face unique challenges due to the demanding nature of their studies, especially during assessment periods, which heighten academic pressure. These pressures often lead to poor coping strategies and mental health concerns. It is crucial to understand the complex dynamics of stress within medical education to develop strategies that improve student well-being and promote a healthier academic environment. This study aims to investigate the intricate relationship between assessment periods and stress levels among medical students. It seeks to understand how academic demands and sociodemographic factors contribute to stress dynamics during these periods. METHODS: An online observational, longitudinal, and prospective study was conducted from February to October 2022. Medical students were recruited through snowball sampling and participated in surveys administered via Google Forms at two timepoints: before (T1) and during (T2) assessment periods. The surveys collected sociodemographic data and stress symptoms using Lipp's Inventory of Stress Symptoms for Adults (LSSI). RESULTS: The transition from T1 to T2 was defined by a rise in the prevalence of stress from 59.6 to 84.2% (p = 0.001) and a decline in symptom-free students from 40.4 to 15.8% (p = 0.001). There was a significant increase in exhaustion, from 12.3 to 31.6% (p = 0.0001). Higher stress levels were notably more prevalent among younger students (≤ 24 years), females, those from wealthier families, students without scholarships, those without prior degrees, and those in the clinical phase of their studies. However, non significant correlations were found between these sociodemographic and academic factors and the increase in stress. CONCLUSION: The findings highlight significant concerns regarding the mental health of medical students during assessment periods, marked by increased stress and exhaustion levels. These results emphasize the need for proactive interventions to manage stress effectively in medical education, considering its profound impact on students' well-being.


Subject(s)
Stress, Psychological , Students, Medical , Humans , Students, Medical/psychology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Female , Male , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Brazil , Young Adult , Adult , Education, Medical, Undergraduate , Adaptation, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 194, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844981

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that insulin resistance (IR) contributes to the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and the estimated glucose disposal rate (eGDR) is considered to be a reliable surrogate marker of IR. However, most existing evidence stems from studies involving diabetic patients, potentially overstating the effects of eGDR on CVD. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to examine the relationship of eGDR with incidence of CVD in non-diabetic participants. METHOD: The current analysis included individuals from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) who were free of CVD and diabetes mellitus but had complete data on eGDR at baseline. The formula for calculating eGDR was as follows: eGDR (mg/kg/min) = 21.158 - (0.09 × WC) - (3.407 × hypertension) - (0.551 × HbA1c) [WC (cm), hypertension (yes = 1/no = 0), and HbA1c (%)]. The individuals were categorized into four subgroups according to the quartiles (Q) of eGDR. Crude incidence rate and hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed to investigate the association between eGDR and incident CVD, with the lowest quartile of eGDR (indicating the highest grade of insulin resistance) serving as the reference. Additionally, the multivariate adjusted restricted cubic spine (RCS) was employed to examine the dose-response relationship. RESULTS: We included 5512 participants in this study, with a mean age of 58.2 ± 8.8 years, and 54.1% were female. Over a median follow-up duration of 79.4 months, 1213 incident CVD cases, including 927 heart disease and 391 stroke, were recorded. The RCS curves demonstrated a significant and linear relationship between eGDR and all outcomes (all P for non-linearity > 0.05). After multivariate adjustment, the lower eGDR levels were founded to be significantly associated with a higher risk of CVD. Compared with participants with Q1 of eGDR, the HRs (95% CIs) for those with Q2 - 4 were 0.88 (0.76 - 1.02), 0.69 (0.58 - 0.82), and 0.66 (0.56 - 0.79). When assessed as a continuous variable, per 1.0-SD increase in eGDR was associated a 17% (HR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.78 - 0.89) lower risk of CVD, with the subgroup analyses indicating that smoking status modified the association (P for interaction = 0.012). Moreover, the mediation analysis revealed that obesity partly mediated the association. Additionally, incorporating eGDR into the basic model considerably improve the predictive ability for CVD. CONCLUSION: A lower level of eGDR was found to be associated with increased risk of incident CVD among non-diabetic participants. This suggests that eGDR may serve as a promising and preferable predictor and intervention target for CVD.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Cardiovascular Diseases , Insulin Resistance , Humans , Female , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Prospective Studies , Incidence , Aged , China/epidemiology , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Biomarkers/blood , Longitudinal Studies , Time Factors
18.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 23(1): 192, 2024 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844974

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is closely associated with the triglyceride glucose (TyG) index and its related indicators, particularly its combination with obesity indices. However, there is limited research on the relationship between changes in TyG-related indices and CVD, as most studies have focused on baseline TyG-related indices. METHODS: The data for this prospective cohort study were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. The exposures were changes in TyG-related indices and cumulative TyG-related indices from 2012 to 2015. The K-means algorithm was used to classify changes in each TyG-related index into four classes (Class 1 to Class 4). Multivariate logistic regressions were used to evaluate the associations between the changes in TyG-related indices and the incidence of CVD. RESULTS: In total, 3243 participants were included in this study, of whom 1761 (54.4%) were female, with a mean age of 57.62 years at baseline. Over a 5-year follow-up, 637 (19.6%) participants developed CVD. Fully adjusted logistic regression analyses revealed significant positive associations between changes in TyG-related indices, cumulative TyG-related indices and the incidence of CVD. Among these changes in TyG-related indices, changes in TyG-waist circumference (WC) showed the strongest association with incident CVD. Compared to the participants in Class 1 of changes in TyG-WC, the odds ratio (OR) for participants in Class 2 was 1.41 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-1.84), the OR for participants in Class 3 was 1.54 (95% CI 1.15-2.07), and the OR for participants in Class 4 was 1.94 (95% CI 1.34-2.80). Moreover, cumulative TyG-WC exhibited the strongest association with incident CVD among cumulative TyG-related indices. Compared to the participants in Quartile 1 of cumulative TyG-WC, the OR for participants in Quartile 2 was 1.33 (95% CI 1.00-1.76), the OR for participants in Quartile 3 was 1.46 (95% CI 1.09-1.96), and the OR for participants in Quartile 4 was 1.79 (95% CI 1.30-2.47). CONCLUSIONS: Changes in TyG-related indices are independently associated with the risk of CVD. Changes in TyG-WC are expected to become more effective indicators for identifying individuals at a heightened risk of CVD.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood Glucose , Cardiovascular Diseases , Obesity , Triglycerides , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Male , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Prospective Studies , Triglycerides/blood , Incidence , Risk Assessment , China/epidemiology , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Obesity/epidemiology , Obesity/diagnosis , Obesity/blood , Aged , Biomarkers/blood , Longitudinal Studies , Time Factors , Prognosis , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors
19.
Influenza Other Respir Viruses ; 18(6): e13333, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845394

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is debate about the causes of the recent birth rate decline in high-income countries worldwide. During the pandemic, concern about the effects on reproductive health has caused vaccine hesitancy. We investigated the association of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and infection with involuntary childlessness. METHODS: Females in fertility age within a prospective multicenter cohort of healthcare workers (HCW) were followed since August 2020. Data on baseline health, SARS-CoV-2-infection, and vaccination were obtained and regularly updated, in which serum samples were collected repetitively and screened for anti-nucleocapsid and anti-spike antibodies. In October 2023, participants indicated the presence of involuntary childlessness with onset during the pandemic, whereas those indicating an onset before the pandemic were excluded. The association of involuntary childlessness and SARS-CoV-2-vaccination and infection was investigated using univariable and multivariable analysis. Sensitivity analysis was performed to compare those reporting involuntary childlessness with those birthing a child since 2020. RESULTS: Of 798 participants, 26 (3.2%) reported involuntary childlessness starting since the pandemic. Of the involuntary childless women, 73.1% (19/26) were vaccinated compared to 86.0% (664/772) without involuntary childlessness (p = 0.73). SARS-CoV-2 infection was reported by 76.9% (20/26) compared to 72.4% (559/772) of controls (p = 0.64). Neither SARS-CoV-2 vaccination (aOR 0.91 per dose, 95%CI 0.67-1.26) nor infection (aOR per infection 1.05, 95%CI 0.62-1.71) was associated with involuntary childlessness. Sensitivity analysis confirmed these results. CONCLUSIONS: Among female HCW of fertility age, 3.2% indicated involuntary childlessness, which is comparable to pre-pandemic data. No association between involuntary childlessness and SARS-CoV-2 vaccination or infection was found.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Health Personnel , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination , Humans , Female , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/immunology , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Adult , COVID-19 Vaccines/immunology , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , SARS-CoV-2/immunology , Prospective Studies , Vaccination/statistics & numerical data , Cohort Studies , Vaccination Hesitancy/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
20.
Cancer Med ; 13(11): e7313, 2024 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38845458

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) are two common concerns experienced by cancer survivors. However, the relationship between these two concerns is poorly understood, and whether CRF and FCR influence each other over time is unclear. METHODS: Data were from a national, prospective, longitudinal study, the American Cancer Society's Study of Cancer Survivors-I (SCS-I). Surveys were completed by 1395 survivors of 10 different cancer types at three time-points, including assessment 1.3 years (T1), 2.2 years (T2) and 8.8 years (T3) following their cancer diagnosis. CRF was assessed using the fatigue-inertia subscale of the Profile of Mood States, and FCR by the FCR subscale of the Cancer Problems in Living Scale. Multiple group random intercepts cross-lagged panel models investigated prospective associations between CRF and FCR. RESULTS: For younger participants (at or below median age of 55 years, n = 697), CRF at T1 and T2 marginally and significantly predicted FCR at T2 and T3, respectively, but no lagged effects of FCR on subsequent CRF were observed. Cross-lagged effects were not observed for survivors over 55 years of age. CONCLUSION: Both CRF and FCR are debilitating side effects of cancer and its treatments. Given that CRF may be predictive of FCR, it possible that early detection and intervention for CRF could contribute to lowering FCR severity.


Subject(s)
Cancer Survivors , Fatigue , Fear , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasms , Humans , Cancer Survivors/psychology , Fear/psychology , Female , Middle Aged , Fatigue/etiology , Fatigue/psychology , Longitudinal Studies , Male , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/psychology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/psychology , Prospective Studies , Aged , Adult , Surveys and Questionnaires
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