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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e246463, 2024. tab
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355899

ABSTRACT

Abstract Quilombola communities are present in many Brazilian states living in precarious health conditions. This is due to geographic isolation, limitations to the access of the area in which they live in, and the lack of quality in the service when it is needed to be provided. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the quality of life of women from a quilombola community in northeastern Brazil. It is an observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study. 160 adult women were first interviewed through a form to collect a profile and then it was applied the WHOQOL Quality of Life questionnaire - bref. It was observed that the women were on average 40.7 years old (±17.25), married, self-declared black, who did not finish elementary school, housewife, had no income, with their own masonry house, with up to 6 rooms, supplied by a box of community treated water. Quality of Life had median scores in the domains: physical (3.18), psychological (3.4), social relationships (3.45) and environment (2.59). With this research, it was possible to characterize the quilombola community of Santa Luzia do Norte-AL regarding the difficulties of access to health and income generation, issues that affect their health condition. The problems described in this study can contribute to health actions being planned and carried out in order to improve socioeconomic and health conditions in this community, considering the social, political and environmental context, valuing their traditional knowledge and practices.


Resumo As comunidades quilombolas, estão presentes em diversos estados brasileiros, vivendo em condições de saúde mais precárias. Isto ocorre por conta do isolamento geográfico, das limitações de acesso e da falta de qualidade no serviço quando este é prestado. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do estudo foi analisar a qualidade de vida de mulheres de uma comunidade quilombola do nordeste brasileiro. Estudo observacional, transversal e descritivo. Foram entrevistadas 160 mulheres adultas, através de um formulário para a coleta de perfil e do questionário de Qualidade de Vida WHOQOL - bref. Foi observado que as mulheres tinham em média 40,7 anos (±17,25), casadas, autodeclaradas negras, com fundamental incompleto, do lar, sem renda, com moradia de alvenaria, própria, com até 6 cômodos, abastecidas por caixa de água comunitária, tratada. A Qualidade de Vida, apresentou escores medianos nos domínios: físico (3,18), psicológico (3,4), relações sociais (3,45) e meio ambiente (2,59). Com a realização desta pesquisa foi possível caracterizar a comunidade quilombola de Santa Luzia do Norte-AL quanto as dificuldades de acesso a saúde e geração de renda, fatos que repercutem na sua condição de saúde. Os problemas descritos neste estudo podem contribuir para que ações de saúde sejam planejadas e efetivadas com o intuito de melhorar as condições socioeconômicas e de saúde nessa comunidade, considerando-se o contexto social, político e ambiental, valorizando seus saberes e práticas tradicionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246803, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339417

ABSTRACT

Abstract Traditional medicine is cheaper and easily available to local people, to care for most frequent diseases in the Northern parts of Pakistan. Our study aimed at inventorying medicine from local plants, documenting their uses, and assessing their market value in 2015-2018 during spring, summer, and winter seasons. A total of 15 trips were made, 5 in each season. Semi-structured interviews with 165 inhabitant's age range between 20-80 years were conducted, analyzed the data is analyzed using Relative frequency of citation(RFC), Use Value(UV), Fidelity Level(FL), Informants consensus factor(ICF), and Jaccard index(JI) to find the most frequent and well-known used species in the area. A total of 86 species belonging to 39 vascular plant families, 33 genera were documented as medicinally important. Family Asteraceae was observed as the dominant family among all the families with 10 species, the leaf was the most used parts and decoction 36% was the most preferred preparation type. Herb was the predominant life form (67%). The maximum UV (0.92) was demonstrated by J. adhatoda L. species, while A. sativum L. shows maximum RFC (0.58), the highest ICF value represented by diarrhea and dermatitis 0.92, and high FL value is recorded 100%. According to our collections, wild species were 45%, invasive species were 38% and cultivated 17% recorded, dicots species were recorded more 81%. Seven 7 medicinal species is being economically important and export to the local and international market of the world, whereas P. integrima L. species were the most exported species according to the local dealers. The investigated area is rural and the local people depend on the area's plants for their health needs, and other uses like a vegetable, fuelwood, fodder, etc. The current result of RFC, UV, ICF, FL, and JI shows that medicinal flora needs to be pharmacologically and phytochemically investigated to prove their efficacy. The documentation of medicinal knowledge is important to preserve this precious old knowledge before it is lost forever, due to technological and environmental changes in the world.


Resumo A medicina tradicional é mais barata e facilmente disponível à população local para cuidar das doenças mais frequentes nas áreas do norte do Paquistão. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo inventariar medicamentos de plantas locais, documentar seus usos e avaliar seu valor de mercado em 2015-2018 durante as temporadas de primavera, verão e inverno. Foram feitas 15 viagens, 5 em cada temporada. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 165 moradores na faixa etária de 20 a 80 anos, com dados analisados ​​por meio de frequência relativa de citação (RFC), valor de uso (UV), nível de fidelidade (FL), fator de consenso de informantes (CIF), e o índice de Jaccard (JI) para encontrar as espécies utilizadas mais frequentes e conhecidas na área. Um total de 86 espécies pertencentes a 39 famílias de plantas vasculares, 33 gêneros foram documentados como medicamente importantes. A família Asteraceae foi observada como a família dominante entre todas as famílias com 10 espécies, a folha foi a parte mais utilizada e a decocção 36% foi o tipo de preparação mais preferido. A erva foi a forma de vida predominante (67%). O UV máximo (0,92) foi demonstrado pelas espécies de J. adhatoda L., enquanto A. sativum L. mostra RFC máximo (0,58), o maior valor de ICF representado por diarreia e dermatite 0,92, e alto valor de FL é registrado 100%. De acordo com nossas coleções, as espécies selvagens foram 45%, as espécies invasoras 38% e as cultivadas 17% registradas, as espécies dicotiledôneas foram registradas mais 81%. Sete espécies medicinais estão sendo economicamente importantes e exportadas para o mercado local e internacional do mundo, enquanto as espécies de P. integrima L. foram as espécies mais exportadas de acordo com os comerciantes locais. A área investigada é rural e a população local depende das plantas da área para suas necessidades de saúde e outros usos como vegetal, lenha, forragem etc. O resultado atual de RFC, UV, ICF, FL e JI mostra que a flora medicinal precisa ser investigada farmacológica e fitoquimicamente para comprovar sua eficácia. A documentação do conhecimento medicinal é importante para preservar esse precioso conhecimento antigo antes que se perca para sempre, devido às mudanças tecnológicas e ambientais do mundo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Plants, Medicinal , Pakistan , Surveys and Questionnaires , Plant Leaves , Ethnobotany , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional
3.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 23(2): 128-130, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722851

ABSTRACT

AIM: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a common clinical condition in which the throat narrows or collapses repeatedly during sleep, causing obstructive sleep apnoea events. This disorder is present in the paediatric population with a prevalence estimated between 1.2% and 5.8%. Down Syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal alteration associated with mental disability and characterised by other clinical manifestations, and its incidence is estimated at 1/800 births worldwide. Most of the craniofacial features typical of DS represent a risk factor for the development of OSAS. Routine screening has been recommended in some countries but it is still not a standard practice. The aim of this study is the Italian linguistic validation of a questionnaire for the diagnosis of OSAS in children with Down Syndrome. METHODS: After careful review of the existing scientific literature, a specific questionnaire was selected for the diagnosis of OSAS in children with DS. The questionnaire was then translated into Italian and administered to 111 parents of children with Down syndrome, for online completion. The last part of the questionnaire was dedicated to the comprehension of the questionnaire itself, with a specific focus on its clarity, accuracy and difficulty in completing it. CONCLUSION: The positive feedback registered in the comprehension part of the questionnaire, certified the good quality of the Italian translation and confirmed the questionnaire as a useful screening method to identify the comorbidity of OSAS and DS.


Subject(s)
Down Syndrome , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Child , Down Syndrome/complications , Down Syndrome/diagnosis , Down Syndrome/epidemiology , Humans , Linguistics , Pharynx , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 95(3): 559-571, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35220487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Estimate the effort-reward imbalance prevalence (ERI) among physicians. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted from 2005 to 2019 using PRISMA guidelines on the PubMed and EBSCOhost search engines. Data were classified according to the ERI definition used by the authors. A meta-analysis was performed on effort and reward scores and on ERI prevalence rates. RESULTS: Out of 3787 results, we selected 41 studies. The physicians' ERI prevalence rate ranged from 3.50 to 96.9%. The standardized pooled effort mean score was 58.5 for effort and 48.9 for a reward out of 100, respectively. The overall combined ERI rate (when the ratio between effort and reward scores was above 1) was 40.2% among 21,939 practitioners (31.7% in the working European population). ERI rate was 70.2% using a four-point Likert scale and 21.1% using a five-point Likert scale. The highest rate (96.9%) was observed among German rural general practitioners and the lowest rate (3.50%) among Swiss hospital practitioners. The low percentage of variability (I2 = 27%) attributed to effort scores heterogeneity between studies suggested that this dimension is not discriminant in the physician ERI assessment. The high heterogeneity in reward scores (I2 = 83%) indicated that this dimension is sensible in ERI assessment among physicians. The number of items used did not appear as a significant source of heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: Physician job ERI appeared to be higher than in the working population. Studying each dimension and item indicators could help improve psychosocial risk prevention.


Subject(s)
Job Satisfaction , Physicians , Humans , Physicians/psychology , Prevalence , Reward , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workload/psychology
5.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 104(4): 288-294, 2022 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931536

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Motor imagery and mental practice are important for the acquisition and mastery of surgical skills. The success of this technique relies on the use of a well-developed mental script. In this study, we shared how we developed a mental script for basic micro suturing training by using a low-fidelity rubber glove model. METHODS: This study applied the design and development research framework. Five expert surgeons developed a mental script by performing a cognitive walkthrough to repair a vertical opening in a rubber glove model, followed by hierarchical task analysis. A draft script was created, and its face and content validity assessed with a checking-back process. Twenty-eight surgeons used the Mental Imagery Questionnaire (MIQ) to assess the validity of the final script. RESULTS: The process of developing the mental script is detailed. The assessment by the expert panel showed the mental script had good face and content validity. The mean overall MIQ score was 5.2±1.1 (standard deviation), demonstrating the validity of generating mental imagery from the mental script developed in this study for micro suturing in the rubber glove model. CONCLUSION: The methodological approach described in this study is based on a design and development research framework to teach surgical skills. This model is inexpensive and easily accessible, addressing the challenges of reduced opportunities to practise surgical skills. However, although motor skills are important, the surgeon's other non-technical expertise is not addressed with this model. Thus, this model should act as one surgical training approach, but not replace it.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence , Surgeons , Humans , Motor Skills , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sutures
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225272, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO - Dentistry | ID: biblio-1354777

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the pre-clinical and clinical students` perceptions about the non-pharmacological behaviour management techniques in paediatric dentistry and to investigate the influence of the dental curriculum on the students` knowledge regarding this issue. Methods: A total of 283 students from the IV-and X-semester completed a questionnaire, consisted of 12 statements, describing the nonpharmacological behaviour management techniques for the treatment of paediatric dental patients. The acceptability rate was evaluated with a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5. Results: The students from all courses demonstrated high acceptance for Reinforcement and Desensitization techniques and low for the Negative reinforcement and Physical restraint. The comparison between the perceptions of the pre-clinical and clinical students demonstrated a statistically significant increase in the acceptance of the physical restraint, along with Nonverbal communication, Modelling and Parental presence/absence (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results provide information about the students' knowledge and skills in behaviour management techniques together with some insights about how the educational process can modify the students` perceptions and views in dealing with paediatric dental patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pediatric Dentistry , Methods
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225580, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO - Dentistry | ID: biblio-1354782

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the decision-making by patients to replace temporary restorations with permanent restorations after endodontic treatment and to verify the associated factors and evaluate the quality/integrity of the temporary restorative material within one month. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using non-probabilistic sampling which analyzed patients after one month of endodontic treatment. The self-administered questionnaire contained sociodemographic, treatment decision-making and endodontic treatment questions. The restoration present in the mouth was evaluated in the clinical oral examination. The Poisson Regression test was used to verify the prevalence ratio. Results: The prevalence failure to perform permanent restorations was 61.1% of patients, and 42.7% reported not having adhered. The reasons are lack of time and not knowing the importance of replacing the restoration with a definitive one. The glass ionomer temporary restorative frequency was higher among those who chose not to replace the temporary restoration with a permanent one (PR=5.19; 95%CI 2.10-12.33). In addition, there was an association between the quality of the restorative material and the type of material, and the best clinical quality of the restoration was statistically associated with glass ionomer and composite resin. Conclusions: The findings show the importance of guidance by the dental surgeon in helping patients decide to replace their temporary restoration


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Dental Restoration, Temporary , Endodontics
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225337, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO - Dentistry | ID: biblio-1366230

ABSTRACT

Aim: To elaborate and validate an instrument for Brazilian Portuguese speakers, to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes mellitus (Dental-Diabetes). Methods: Methodological study comprising four stages: a) Elaboration of instrument; b) Content validation (computing Content Validity Index - CVI) based on Expert Committee assessment; c) Pre-test with 30 dentists, followed by assessment of suggestions by Expert Committee; d) Psychometric validation through instrument application in a sample of 127 dentists by means of the web tool e-Surv. Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients were used to evaluate, respectively, internal consistency and reproducibility. Results: The final version of the instrument consists of 22 questions (7 on sociodemographic data and 15 querying dentists' knowledge) and those submitted for validation attained a CVI of 0.95 [95% CI 0.916-0,981], showing satisfactory internal consistency, with 0.794 Cronbach's alpha [95% CI 0.741-0.842] and an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.799 [95% CI: 0.746-0.846] between the test and retest scores. Conclusions: Dental-Diabetes is a comprehensive instrument, culturally adequate and validated to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dentists , Diabetes Mellitus , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results
9.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 27(4): e351-e356, 2022 Jul 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660727

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Due to the lack of a specific quality of life (QoL) survey on dentofacial deformities (DFD) for Turkish speakers, the present research aimed to perform a translation of the English version of the Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ) into Turkish (the OQLQ-TR) and provide cultural adaptation to the Turkish population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The process of this cross-cultural adaptation followed the six stages given in the guidelines that were proposed by Beaton et al. (2000), which comprised the following: 1) performing the initial translation, 2) synthesizing the translation, 3) performing the back translation, 4) presenting it to the expert committee, and 5) testing the prefinal version. Throughout the process of validating the Turkish version, the results of the OQLQ were compared with the Oral Health Impact Scale-14 (OHIP-14) and Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaires and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), which were previously validated in Turkish. All of these Turkish questionnaires (OHIP-14, SF-36, OQLQ) were applied to 69 patients at the Çukurova University Faculty of Dentistry. RESULTS: Analysis of the internal consistency of the OQLQ-TR exhibited good correlations for the domains. Moreover, the test-retest reliability also exhibited intra-class correlation coefficients that were excellent. The correlation between the OQLQ-TR and SF-36 was weak and negative. The OQLQ-TR exhibited good correlations with the OHIP-14 and VAS. CONCLUSIONS: The OQLQ-TR was found to be valid, reliable, and reproducible. Thus, it has become a useful instrument for assessing the quality of life of Turkish-speaking patients with dentofacial deformity.


Subject(s)
Dentofacial Deformities , Quality of Life , Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Translations
10.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 63: 103914, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661565

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is urgent to increase studies aimed at exploring and understanding the role that psychological resilience plays in PwMS. To achieve this objective, an important requirement is to have properly validated instruments that allow exploring psychological resilience in MS patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the 10-item CD-RISC in a sample of Spanish-speaking patients with MS (PwMS). METHODS: An online multicenter study was conducted on 214 MS patients from 11 Spanish-speaking countries (Argentina, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Chile, Spain, Cuba, Colombia, Uruguay, Paraguay, Peru, and El Salvador). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed to assess the factor structure of the 10-item CD-RISC. Model fits were assessed through the χ2/df value, comparative fit index (CFI), and root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA). RESULTS: The 10-item CD-RISC showed good psychometric characteristics in our sample of PwMS. The single-factor model in the CFA yielded a good model fit (χ2=99.380(35), p<.001; χ2/df = 2.83; RMSEA=.090; CFI=.92). Cronbach's alpha of the CD-RISC-10 items version (Spanish version) was .88. The CD-RISC-10 was significantly correlated with quality of life scale (r = .420, p < .001), fear of relapse scale (r = -.327, p < .001), and fatigue scale (r = -.367, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The CD-RISC-10 has satisfactory psychometric properties and is a suitable tool for measuring resilience in Spanish-speaking patients with multiple sclerosis.


Subject(s)
Multiple Sclerosis , Quality of Life , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Humans , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Mult Scler Relat Disord ; 63: 103916, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661566

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sick leave is a common problem among healthcare professionals. Nurses play a critical role in the multidisciplinary management of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, limited information is available on the phenomenon of sick leave among MS nurses. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the presence of sick leave among nurses caring for patients with MS and to identify associated factors. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, non-interventional, cross-sectional, web-based study. Nurses involved in MS care from across Spain answered a survey composed of demographic characteristics, professional background, questions about their standard practice, and a behavioral battery including the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). A multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the association between nurses' characteristics and sick leave. RESULTS: Ninety-six nurses were included in the study. Mean age (SD) was 44.6 (9.8) years, and 91.7% were female. Participants had a median of 6 (IQR 3.0, 11.0) years of expertise in MS managing a median of 15 (5.0, 35.0) patients per week. Sixteen participants (16.7%) had been on sick leave in the last 6 months, with a median absence of 14.5 days (7.0, 30.0). Sixteen nurses (16.7%) reported severe burnout. Participants on sick leave had higher levels of emotional exhaustion (mean MBI-HSS scores of 22.3 and 16.0, p=0.01) and inadequate interactions with their colleagues (mean Practice Environment Scale - Nursing Work Index scores of 11.8 and 13.1, p=0.01) than their counterparts. Burnout was associated with higher risk of sick leave in the multivariable analysis (OR=1.06 [95% CI 1.00, 1.13], p=0.04) after adjustment for confounders. CONCLUSIONS: Occupational burnout is associated with increased risk of sick leave among nurses managing patients with MS. Identifying burnout may be critical for implementing specific intervention strategies to maintain an adequate functioning of MS care units.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , Multiple Sclerosis , Nurses , Adult , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Job Satisfaction , Male , Patient Care , Sick Leave , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Eur Neuropsychopharmacol ; 60: 100-116, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35671641

ABSTRACT

Depression is an invalidating disorder, marked by phenotypic heterogeneity. Clinical assessments for treatment adjustments and data-collection for pharmacological research often rely on subjective representations of functioning. Better phenotyping through digital applications may add unseen information and facilitate disentangling the clinical characteristics and impact of depression and its pharmacological treatment in everyday life. Researchers, physicians, and patients benefit from well-understood digital phenotyping approaches to assess the treatment efficacy and side-effects. This review discusses the current possibilities and pitfalls of wearables and technology for the assessment of the pharmacological treatment of depression. Their applications in the whole spectrum of treatment for depression, including diagnosis, treatment of an episode, and monitoring of relapse risk and prevention are discussed. Multiple aspects are to be considered, including concerns that come with collecting sensitive data and health recordings. Also, privacy and trust are addressed. Available applications range from questionnaire-like apps to objective assessment of behavioural patterns and promises in handling suicidality. Nonetheless, interpretation and integration of this high-resolution information with other phenotyping levels, remains challenging. This review provides a state-of-the-art description of wearables and technology in digital phenotyping for monitoring pharmacological treatment in depression, focusing on the challenges and opportunities of its application in clinical trials and research.


Subject(s)
Depressive Disorder , Humans , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome
13.
Intensive Crit Care Nurs ; 72: 103261, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672213

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to identify nurse characteristics that influence their self-perceived practice skills in working with families and their attitudes towards engaging families in adult and neonatal intensive care units. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY/DESIGN: Secondary data analysis using a descriptive, cross-sectional design. SETTING: An online survey was completed by 256 nurses from six adult intensive (73% response rate) and two neonatal intensive and one intermediate care unit (27% response rate) in a Swiss, university affiliated hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Nurses' self-perceived practice skills in working with families were assessed with the "Family Nursing Practice Scale". Attitudes towards families were measured with the "Families' Importance in Nursing Care - Nurses' Attitudes Scale". Data were analysed with multiple linear regression models. RESULTS: Prior education in family nursing significantly influenced nurses' self-perceived practice skills in working with families. Nurses' clinical speciality had a significant influence on their attitudes towards overall, and on the subscale "family as a burden". Neonatal intensive care nurses showed more open attitudes towards families overall, but perceived family more often as a burden than nurses in adult intensive care. Nurses' perceived skills and attitudes in family engagement significantly influenced each other. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that nurses' prior education in family nursing and clinical speciality determine their ability to work with and engage families in critical care. Our study suggests that integration of family nursing engagement practices in critical care requires educational implementation strategies combined with culture change efforts.


Subject(s)
Family Nursing , Nursing Staff, Hospital , Adult , Attitude of Health Personnel , Critical Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Regression Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Menopause ; 29(6): 664-670, 2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674647

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To identify the frequency of clinical suspicion of sarcopenic obesity (CSSO) and probable sarcopenic obesity (PSO) and to estimate the association between them and surgical menopause. METHODS: A cross-sectional study carried out in women residing in Colombia, ages 60 to 75 years. Body mass index, the SARC-F scale, SARC-CalF < 31, and SARC-CalF <33 versions adding the calf circumference measurement in the last two were used to identify CSSO. Muscle strength measurement was added to the above measures to establish PSO. Surgical menopause was defined in women who underwent bilateral oophorectomy simultaneously with hysterectomy before natural menopause. Adjusted and unadjusted logistic regression were performed between CSSO or PSO with surgical menopause, bilateral oophorectomy after natural menopause, and abdominal hysterectomy with ovarian preservation. All participants provided informed consent. P < 0.05 was statistically significant. RESULTS: Seven hundred women 67.0 ±â€Š4.8 years old were included; 23.7% were obese, 68.1% had reduced muscle strength, and 4.2% had surgical menopause. CSSO was found in 3.0% with SARC-F and with SARC-CalF < 31; whereas 2.0% were found with SARC-CalF <33. PSO was found in 2.4%, 1.5%, and 2.2% with SARC-F, SARC-CalF <31, and SARC-CalF <33, respectively. Surgical menopause was associated with PSO but was not associated with CSSO. Bilateral oophorectomy after menopause and hysterectomy with ovarian preservation were not associated with CSSO or PSO. CONCLUSIONS: In a group of older adult women, the frequency of CSSO was up to 3.0% and PSO up to 2.4%. Surgical menopause was statistically significantly associated with PSO. On the contrary, CSSO was not associated.


Subject(s)
Genital Diseases, Female , Sarcopenia , Aged , Colombia/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Menopause , Middle Aged , Obesity/complications , Obesity/epidemiology , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Syndrome
15.
Menopause ; 29(6): 654-663, 2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the severity of climacteric symptoms (CS) and orgasmic dysfunction (OD), controlled by demographic, clinical, and partner variables. METHODS: We carried out a secondary analysis of a multicenter Latin American cross-sectional study that surveyed sexually active women 40 to 59 years old. We assessed CS (global, somatic, psychological, or urogenital domains) and OD. Also, we explored clinical variables and partner sexual conditions. We performed logistic regression models with nonparametric bootstrap resampling to estimate crude and adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: We included data of 5,391 women in the analysis. Regarding CS, 24.8%, 10.8%, 28.4%, and 32.9% had respectively severe symptoms according to total, somatic, psychological, and urogenital domain scores of the Menopause Rating Scale. OD was found in 25.4% of women. The adjusted model (including menopausal status and partner sexual dysfunction) showed that severe CS increased the odds of OD (aOR = 2.77; 95% CI: 2.41-3.19 [total Menopause Rating Scale score]; aOR = 1.65; 95% CI: 1.37-2.00 [somatic domain]; aOR = 2.02; 95% CI: 1.76-2.32 [psychological domain] and aOR = 3.89; 95% CI: 3.40-4.45 [urogenital]). CONCLUSIONS: Severe CS were associated with OD independently of demographic, clinical, and partner variables. Severe urogenital symptoms had the strongest association.


Subject(s)
Climacteric , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Latin America/epidemiology , Menopause/psychology , Middle Aged , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/epidemiology , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Menopause ; 29(6): 671-679, 2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a co-designed early menopause digital resource, including audio/video clips, question prompt list, and information links. METHODS: Pre/post-test study. Women with early menopause, defined as menopause before age 45 years, were recruited from the community. Following online informed consent, participants were emailed links to the digital resource and online surveys to complete before (baseline) and, immediately and 1 month after viewing the resource. Main outcome measures: Health-related empowerment (Health Education Impact Questionnaire), illness perception (Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire), menopause symptoms (Greene Climacteric Scale), risk perception, and knowledge change. RESULTS: One hundred fifty women participated. Compared to baseline, at 1-month health-related empowerment, 'health directed behavior' scores increased (mean change: +0.13; 95% CI: 0.01-0.24; and P = 0.03), 'emotional distress' decreased (mean change: -0.15; 95% CI: -0.25 to -0.05; and P = 0.003) and physical and emotional menopause symptom scores decreased (P = 0.001 and P  = 0.02, respectively). Illness perception scores increased at both immediate and 1-month follow-up versus baseline for 'personal control' (P < 0.001 and P  = 0.02) and 'coherence' (P = 0.003 and P  < 0.001). After viewing the digital resource, more women perceived that hormone therapy decreases heart disease risk, reduces hot flashes, and prevents fractures versus baseline (all P  < 0.05). More women correctly answered questions regarding early menopause prevalence (60% vs 35%), cause (46% vs 33%), risk (76% vs 55%), effect of phytoestrogens (60% vs 27%), and osteoporosis prevention (64% vs 44%) at immediate or 1-month follow-up versus baseline (all P  < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A co-designed early menopause digital resource may improve women's health-related empowerment, illness perception, menopause symptoms, risk perception, and knowledge.


Video Summary:http://links.lww.com/MENO/A923.


Subject(s)
Climacteric , Menopause, Premature , Female , Hot Flashes/epidemiology , Hot Flashes/psychology , Humans , Menopause/psychology , Middle Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Women's Health
17.
Menopause ; 29(6): 700-706, 2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674650

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The number of specific scales to measure menopausal symptoms has increased significantly in the last decades. However, the lack of standardization as well as prioritization of which scale should be used in exploring menopausal symptoms poses problems in most populations. Thus, we aimed at demonstrating the correlation among four questionnaires evaluating menopausal symptoms: the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), Greene Climacteric Scale (GCS), Kupperman Menopausal Index, and Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ). METHODS: We recruited 336 women between 40 and 65 years of age who responded to all four questionnaires. For each questionnaire, we calculated the overall score and the subscale scores. We then compared variables using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient (Rho). RESULTS: We found a very strong correlation (Rho > 0.80; P  < 0.001) between all the questionnaires. The strongest correlations were those observed in the comparisons involving the GCS (Rho 0.92-0.95; P  < 0.001), whereas the weakest ones were observed using the WHQ scale (Rho -0.86 to -0.89; P  < 0.001). Like in the overall score analyses, vasomotor, somatic, and psychological symptoms demonstrated the strongest correlations in the GCS comparisons and the weakest correlations between the WHQ and MRS. CONCLUSIONS: The MRS, GCS, Kupperman Menopausal Index, and WHQ assessed menopausal symptoms in a very similar way. We recommend further studies to adjust and improve the existing questionnaires, test their robustness in different settings, and ensure their applicability in research and clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Climacteric , Menopause , Female , Humans , Menopause/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Women's Health
18.
Menopause ; 29(6): 707-713, 2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Perimenopause is commonly viewed as a window of vulnerability for developing psychiatric and eating disorders, especially for women who experience severe symptoms. However, menopausal symptoms may have a lasting effect on older women's mental health and quality of life (QOL) into postmenopause. The current study examined older (60+) postmenopausal women's mental health and QOL as a function of retrospective menopausal symptom severity. METHODS: Participants were recruited via public online postings and included 227 postmenopausal women, ages 60 to 94 years old (M = 68.84, SD = 6.53). Participants completed an online questionnaire to assess past menopausal symptoms as well as current depression, anxiety, sleep difficulties, binge eating, QOL, and demographics. The relation between the retrospective severity of menopausal symptoms and mental health/QOL was evaluated using linear regressions, while controlling for demographic covariates. RESULTS: Retrospective menopause symptom severity was significantly associated with depression, sleep difficulties, binge eating severity, and most QOL measures. Regarding covariates, having a psychiatric history was significantly associated with all outcome variables, except for anxiety. Time since menopause and body mass index were significantly associated with binge eating severity. Regarding specific symptom subgroups, psychological and somato-vegetative symptoms were most associated with mental health and QOL. CONCLUSION: The menopausal transition is a significant change in a woman's life and the challenges of menopausal symptoms can have lasting impacts on women's health. It is imperative that future research seeks to further understand the lasting impacts of this transition on the lives of older women to ensure proper interventions are implemented for successful aging.


Subject(s)
Mental Health , Postmenopause , Quality of Life , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Menopause/physiology , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Symptom Assessment
19.
Menopause ; 29(6): 723-727, 2022 06 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Overactive bladder affects 17% of women, and adherence to treatment is notoriously low. The objective of this pilot study is to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of the use of asynchronous telehealth visits for the treatment of women with overactive bladder. METHODS: This is a pilot study of women who participated in the asynchronous telehealth program with a new diagnosis of overactive bladder presenting to the Massachusetts General Hospital from January of 2020 to March of 2021. Pre-post differences in Urogenital Distress Inventory score-6, and Incontinence Severity Index Scores were compared with paired t tests as coprimary endpoints. To assess potential mechanisms of association between asynchronous visits and patient-reported outcomes, total fluid intake, caffeinated beverage consumption, urinary frequency, episodes of urinary leakage were also compared as secondary endpoints. RESULTS: A total of 23 women participated, with 50 e-visits completed. The first asynchronous visit was completed after a median of 42days (IQR 36, 51.5) from the initial visit. There was a decrease in the Urogenital Distress Inventory-6 score between the first asynchronous visit and the last (29 points, IQR 16, 37 vs 12 points, IQR 12, 25), respectively (P = 0.014). Similar findings were seen with the Incontinence Severity Index questionnaire, from three (IQR 2, 4) to three (IQR 1, 3) after the asynchronous visit (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: We demonstrate the feasibility of asynchronous visits for the treatment of overactive bladder. Although our results suggest efficacy, given the prepost change in overactive bladder-related questionnaire scores following asynchronous visits, the comparative effectiveness of asynchronous visits versus regular care needs to be confirmed in a randomized trial.


Video Summary:http://links.lww.com/MENO/A917.


Subject(s)
Telemedicine , Urinary Bladder, Overactive , Urinary Incontinence , Female , Humans , Pilot Projects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/therapy , Urinary Incontinence/complications
20.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35674817

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly changed the everyday professional life of teaching staff. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of the pandemic on teachers' emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction. METHODS: A sample of 2531 school administrators and teachers from North Rhine-Westphalia was recruited in October 2020. Changes in emotional exhaustion during the pandemic were directly measured with nine items of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and changes in job satisfaction with six items. Adjusted regression models were used to determine risk and protective factors associated with changes in emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction. RESULTS: Risk factors associated with both more frequently perceived symptoms of exhaustion and reduced job satisfaction were as follows: the additional workload during the pandemic, the stress of uncertainty, the perceived change in workload, concerns about the students, and being employed at an elementary school. A supportive school environment was associated with both fewer perceived symptoms of exhaustion and stable job satisfaction. DISCUSSION: From the perspective of the teaching staff, the COVID-19 pandemic was related to subjective changes in emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction. The COVID-19 pandemic was associated with higher emotional exhaustion for more than half of the teaching staff and with reduced job satisfaction for one in five teachers. Due to the study design, causal conclusions are not possible.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional , COVID-19 , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Germany/epidemiology , Humans , Job Satisfaction , Pandemics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workload/psychology
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