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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 363, 2024 Apr 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570769

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Female breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer, and knowledge of breast cancer risk factors, and symptoms is crucial for early diagnosis and prevention. This study aims to evaluate breast cancer awareness among female students at a pharmacy faculty in Turkey. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey study was conducted among female students at the Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Pharmacy between 2 November and 17 November 2023, in Isparta, Turkey. RESULTS: This survey was answered by 237 (74.5%) female students. The median breast cancer risk factors score was 8 (IQR, 5-11), and the median breast cancer symptoms score was 5 (IQR, 2-8). Additionally, the breast cancer risk factors score was 46.16% (mean/max = 8.31/18, SD = 4.33) and the breast cancer symptom score was 58.5% (mean/max = 4.68/8, SD = 2.8). Few of the respondents (26.2%, and 20.3%, respectively) knew breast cancer risk factors such as late menopause, and no childbirth experience. Most respondents correctly answered symptoms of breast cancer, such as a painless and palpable breast lump, indrawing of the nipple, and sudden changes in breast shape (76.8%,44.3%, and 67.1% respectively). The students' sources of information were medical websites (29.5%), social media (27%), physicians (22.8%), friends & family (14.8%), and pharmacists (5.9%). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that students' knowledge of breast cancer risk factors was poor, but their knowledge of breast cancer symptoms was acceptable. Breast cancer awareness courses should be included in faculties. Additionally, more attention should be given to different educational interventions such as social media, television, and brochure distribution.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Students, Pharmacy , Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Surveys and Questionnaires , Turkey , Universities
2.
Brain Behav ; 14(4): e3476, 2024 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622877

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is a solid relationship between alexithymia and suicide risk. Nonetheless, the specific impact of alexithymia's distinct subscales on suicide risk has received the attention it deserves. This article presents a comprehensive exploration of suicide risk among university students, focusing on the interconnections among alexithymia, insomnia, and suicidal behavior. Three components of alexithymia including difficulties in describing emotions or feelings (DDF), difficulties in identifying emotions or feelings (DIF), and the externally oriented thinking were considered. METHODS: The study involved 208 participants from a Persian university sample, examining the significance of incorporating both alexithymia and insomnia in suicide risk assessment and intervention planning. Insomnia was positioned as a pivotal mediator. A secure electronic link in the Telegram application was employed to collect the data. Both linear and nonlinear prediction models were used to explore potential associations among alexithymia, insomnia, and suicide risk. RESULTS: The study revealed substantial positive correlations between alexithymia and suicide risk, as well as between insomnia and suicide risk. Additionally, specific components of alexithymia exhibited noteworthy links to suicide risk. The inclusion of insomnia scores in suicide risk predictions is critical, as it greatly enhances the precision of risk assessments and facilitates the design of targeted and effective therapeutic interventions. The association between alexithymia and suicide risk showed a significant relationship (r = .29, p < .01). Moreover, a significant correlation was observed between alexithymia and insomnia (r = .32, p < .01). Additionally, insomnia exhibited a significant positive correlation with suicide (r = .35, p < .01). Interestingly, DDF and DIF showed positive correlations with suicide (r = .28, p < .01; r = .33, p < .01). CONCLUSION: The findings carry profound implications for suicide prevention efforts, providing valuable insights to safeguard the well-being and resilience of university students facing suicide risk challenges.


Subject(s)
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Suicide , Humans , Affective Symptoms/epidemiology , Affective Symptoms/psychology , Universities , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Students/psychology
3.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1359828, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628849

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cyberbullying is a commonly-seen and hotly-debated social topic around the globe. This negative behavior is the source of many disastrous events, and so leading government bodies, organizations, schools and social communities attach great importance to addressing this topic. However, there is still much work to do in order to be clear about the causes of cyberbullying. Methods: The previous research cases were mostly viewed from the victims' perspectives; however, there is no comprehensive understanding of the perpetrators' viewpoints. Therefore, based on Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) and analysis of discussion in the literature, the following six variables were chosen as the focus of this study: overconfidence, excessive moral sense, cyberbullying, perceived value, happiness, and continued cyberbullying intention. This study established a research model of continued cyberbullying intention, which was verified by Structural Equation Modeling. In order to achieve the aims of the study, Chinese university students with an average age of 20.29 (SD = 1.43) were recruited as participants, from whom 1,048 valid questionnaires were collected. Results: The research results are as follows: 1. Overconfidence and excessive moral sense positively predicted cyberbullying behaviors; 2. Overconfidence positively predicted excessive moral sense; 3. Cyberbullying positively predicted perceived value and sense of happiness; and 4. Perceived value and sense of happiness positively predicted continued cyberbullying intentions. Conclusion: Students' biased self-perception significantly predicts their cyberbullying behaviors and continued cyberbullying intention. What is more, it is interesting to learn that perpetrators will continue to exhibit cyberbullying behaviors when they believe that what they do (cyberbullying) is valuable or allows them to experience positive feelings; this requires our attention.


Subject(s)
Cyberbullying , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Cyberbullying/psychology , Universities , Schools , Intention , Students/psychology
4.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1369583, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628852

ABSTRACT

Background: Understanding the diverse factors influencing physical activity-related injuries is crucial for developing effective interventions that enable individuals to participate in physical activity (PA) while minimizing injury risk. Currently, research evidence on the multiple factors associated with PA-related injuries is inadequate. This study aimed to examine the associations between PA-related injuries and various biological, psychological, and social factors among first-year university students in China. Methods: We recruited first-year university students from Shantou University in Guangdong Province, China, to participate in our study. Data collection employed a structured self-administered questionnaire, gathering information on PA-related injuries, as well as relevant biological, psychological, and social factors. Binary logistic regression, using a stepwise modeling approach, was employed for the data analysis. Results: Among 1,051 first-year university students, 28.16% reported having experienced PA-related injuries in the past year. Most of the injuries reported were minor, with the knee or lower leg being the most frequently injured part of the body. Improper posture, environmental conditions, and excessive physical load were the leading causes of PA-related injuries. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that female students (OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.47-0.94, p = 0.022) had reduced odds of PA-related injuries. Conversely, high neuroticism (OR = 1.61, 95% CI: 1.07-2.41, p = 0.022), being a member of a sports team (OR = 2.09, 95% CI: 1.34-3.27, p < 0.001), PA on the wet ground (OR = 1.73, 95% CI: 1.18-2.54, p = 0.005) increased the odds of PA-related injuries. Conclusion: Our findings underscore the intricate interplay of various factors contributing to PA-related injuries. Identifying high-risk individuals based on physiological and psychological characteristics, coupled with targeted interventions addressing modifiable risk factors, is crucial for effective prevention.


Subject(s)
Exercise , Sports , Humans , Female , Universities , Exercise/physiology , China/epidemiology , Students/psychology
5.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 58: e20230340, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to explore associations and gender differences between OHI-seeking (online health information seeking) behaviors and eHealth (electronic health) literacy among Chinese university students. METHODS: Online questionnaires of eHealth literacy scale and OHI-seeking behaviors created in software Wenjunxing were used in this survey. Chi-squared tests, t-test, and Pearson correlation analysis were performed using SPSS for data analysis. RESULTS: Among 5,383 participants, 72.4% were girls, 77.5% lived in rural areas, 51.2% majored in liberal arts, 76.6% with low education parents. The average C-eHEALS scores of boys and girls were 26.53 ± 5.861 and 26.84 ± 5.816, respectively, with no significant difference (P = 0.084). The top three OHI-seeking behaviors for boys and girls, as well as for the C-eHEALS low and high groups, were "finding information about physical exercises" "reading or sharing health information via social media" "finding information about nutrition and diet", all of which had significant gender and eHealth literacy differences. CONCLUSIONS: Gender and eHealth literacy differences should be focused for intervention when developing and implementing eHealth intervention training for parents and adolescents in schools and communities.


Subject(s)
Health Literacy , Adolescent , Male , Female , Humans , Sex Factors , Universities , Data Analysis , Students
6.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301178, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625958

ABSTRACT

The literature mostly has addressed the determinants of entrepreneurial intention in general and social entrepreneurship, without focusing specifically on sustainable entrepreneurial intention despite it has become highly relevant in addressing environmental degradation and social challenges. This study aims to contributes to the understanding of psychological and social factors that influence sustainable business, evaluating the effect of resilience, subjective norms, and perceived social support on sustainable entrepreneurial intention. We analysed the online survey responses of 433 students from Chile and Ecuador enrolled in business and engineering programs using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Models (PLS-SEM), moreover, a multi-group analysis (MGA) has been conducted to assess gender differences. The findings have supported the positive effect of psychological resilience and subjective norms on perceived social support, besides, an important effect of social support on sustainable entrepreneurial intention was found. These results offer new evidence regarding the significance of the social environment, support networks, and resilience of university students in fostering the establishment of sustainable businesses with a focus on social well-being and environmental protection in Latin America. This is particularly pertinent as the countries in this region are grappling with social and environmental challenges that could be addressed through sustainable entrepreneurship.


Subject(s)
Resilience, Psychological , Humans , Intention , Universities , Social Environment , Students
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8219, 2024 04 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589387

ABSTRACT

We assessed university students' knowledge, attitude, and practice toward blood donation and identified the factors that promote or hinder their willingness to donate. We employed a multicenter cross-sectional design, collecting data from August to October 2022 through self-administered questionnaires available in Arabic and English. Both online (Google Forms) and paper surveys were utilized. Data were analyzed using R Statistical Software (v4.1.3; R Core Team 2022). A total of 12,606 university students (7966 females and 4640 males) from 16 countries completed the questionnaire; of them, 28.5% had a good knowledge level regarding blood donation, and 22.7% had donated blood at least once. Students in health science colleges had significantly more awareness of blood donation (p-value < 0.001), but there were no significant differences in practice (p-value = 0.8). Barriers to donation included not being asked (37%), medical ineligibility (33%), fear of pain or infection (18%), concerns about negative health effects (18%), difficulty accessing donation centers (15%), and medical mistrust (14%). Individuals aged > 20 years had significantly higher odds of possessing a high knowledge level (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.77, p < 0.001). Private and international university enrollment was associated with increased knowledge (aOR 1.19, p-value < 0.001 and aOR 1.44, p-value = 0.003), while non-health science college students had lower odds (aOR 0.36, p < 0.001). Regarding blood donation status, participants > 20 years old were more likely to donate (aOR 2.21, p < 0.001). Conversely, being female, having congenital or chronic diseases, and possessing low knowledge levels were associated with decreased odds of blood donation (all p < 0.05). University students show insufficient knowledge about blood donation, with health science students displaying higher awareness levels. Despite their positive attitudes, blood donation rates remain low across all disciplines. It is imperative to enhance education and accessibility to foster a culture of blood donation among students.


Subject(s)
Blood Donation , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Universities , Trust , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Wiad Lek ; 77(2): 293-298, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Aim: To investigate changes in the indicators of somatic and mental health of instructor-officers in higher educational institutions with specific learning environment under stress. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and Methods: The research involved instructor-officers of the National Academy of Internal Affairs (Ukraine, n = 86) with different teaching experiences: up to 10 years (group 1, n = 22), from 10 to 20 years (group 2, n = 31), over 20 years (group 3, n = 33). The study of somatic and mental health was carried out in September-October 2021 (Stage 1) and in September-October 2023 (Stage 2). RESULTS: Results: Significantly negative changes in the indicators of somatic and mental health of instructor-officers with different experiences of teaching under stress were found. The most pronounced negative changes were found in the body weight index, vital index, strength index, Martin-Kushelevsky index, and emotional exhaustion of instructors. Among the studied groups of instructor-officers, the greatest changes occurred in instructors with 10 to 20 years of experience and more than 20 years, and the least - in instructors with up to 10 years of experience. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: It was found that the professional activities of instructor-officers, which take place under stress, negatively affect both the somatic and mental health of instructors, regardless of their teaching experience. Such activities lead to an increase in body weight, deterioration of the functioning of the main body systems, and increased professional burnout of instructors. This can lead to several psychosomatic disorders and diseases in instructor-officers and a decrease in the quality of their teaching activities.


Subject(s)
Learning , Mental Health , Humans , Educational Measurement , Universities , Body Weight
9.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(3): 436-439, 2024 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of various learning styles and their correlation with academic performance and mental health of medical students. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the King Faisal University, Houfof, Saudi Arabia, from January to June 2019, and comprised medical students regardless of gender or the academic year. Data was collected using the Visual Aural Read/write Kinesthetic questionnaire. Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 was used to assess mental health. Data was analysed using SPSS 22. RESULTS: Of the 315 students, 179(57%) were males and 136(43%) were females. Overall, 152(48.3%) subjects preferred multimodal, while 163(51.7%) preferred unimodal style; 93(29%) aural, 53(16.8%) visual, 11(3.5%) read/write and 6(1.9%) kinesthetic. Males preferred visual and quardimodal styles of learning, while females preferred aural learning (p<0.05). Academic achievement was associated with learning style (p<0.05), but no relationship was observed between depression scores and learning styles (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The most preferred learning styles among medical students were found to be aural and bimodal.


Subject(s)
Academic Performance , Students, Medical , Male , Female , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Students, Medical/psychology , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Universities , Mental Health
10.
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig ; 75(1): 59-65, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587030

ABSTRACT

Background: People live in a technological world, where social media is used very commonly. Social media has effects on eating behaviors, as in other aspects. For this reason, it is important to measure social media effect. Objective: This study aimed to adapt the Scale of Effects of Social Media on Eating Behaviour (SESMEB) that examines the effect of social media on eating behavior in Hungarian university students. Material and methods: The SESMEB was translated into the target language by taking various stages. The online questionnaire including general information, social media use, and the eighteen-item SESMEB was used to collect data. The scale was administered to the study group consisting of 213 Hungarian university students, and data from 203 of them were analyzed. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to test construct validity, and the Cronbach alpha coefficient was calculated for the reliability of the scale in Hungarian. Results: Total correlation value was higher than 0.50 for all items of the scale. The fit indices were at an acceptable level or had a perfect fit. The t-values were significant at the level of 0.1 and ranged between 2.927 and 5.706. The Spearman-Brown coefficient was calculated at 0.894. The reliability coefficient of the scale was calculated to be 0.866. SESMEB scores were different according to spending time daily, sharing content, and using filters or Photoshop on social media (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Higher than 0.80 Cronbach's alpha coefficient and other results show that Hungarian SESMEB is a valid and reliable tool. Therefore, Hungarian SESMEB will be useful for further studies to determine the impact of social media on eating behaviors.


Subject(s)
Social Media , Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Hungary , Universities , Language , Feeding Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires , Students , Psychometrics
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8009, 2024 04 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580716

ABSTRACT

Understanding the factors that influence people's decisions regarding vaccination is essential to promote vaccination. We aimed to clarify the motivations for receiving booster vaccines. We conducted a paper-based questionnaire distributed during January-February 2022 involving students and faculty staff who received the first COVID-19 vaccination at the mass vaccination program during June-September 2021 at Keio University. A total of 1725 participants were enrolled, and all completed the survey. Among these, 64.9% reported a significant adverse event (AEs) affecting daily life after the second vaccine. "Fear of severe COVID-19 illness" (72.6%) was the most common reason for getting vaccinated, followed by "concern of infecting others" (68.4%) and "fear of COVID-19 infection itself" (68.3%). Television emerged as the most influential source of information (80%), followed by university information (50.2%) and social networking sites (42.8%). Multivariate analysis revealed "fear of severe COVID-19 illness", "fear of COVID-19 infection itself", and "trust in the efficacy and safety of the vaccines in general" were significantly correlated with willingness to receive paid vaccinations. The severity of AEs and source of information were not related to participants' willingness to receive booster vaccinations. Participants with positive reasons for vaccination were more likely to accept a third dose.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , COVID-19/prevention & control , Motivation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Japan/epidemiology , Universities , Mass Vaccination , Students , Vaccination
13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575377

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Obstructive uropathy encompasses various urinary tract obstructions, leading to changes in urine flow, kidney pressure, and impaired kidney function. Predicting renal recovery from obstructive uropathy, can be challenging and necessitates treatment, as in percutaneous nephrostomy (PNS) drainage. The choice of drainage method depends on patient-specific factors and local expertise. According to the data for the Republic of North Macedonia, in the register of the European Renal Association, in the last few years, there has been an increase in the percentage of patients with obstructive nephropathy from 7.6% to 8.9% who end up on a chronic hemodialysis program. Prompt relief from urinary tract obstruction is essential to preserve renal function and prevent complications. The aim of this study is to present our initial data analysis of recent experience in the use of nephrostomies as a method for temporary or long-term resolution of obstructive nephropathy, in terms of safety and success in preserving kidney function and reducing the number of patients on hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed the medical records of 24 patients with obstructive uropathy who underwent PNS placement. Data were collected for the type and degree of obstruction from the ultrasonographic examination. A pig tail nephrostomy was used, with a dilator, guided under ultrasound and controlled with contrast and fluoroscope. Obstructive nephropathy was defined as an elevation of the serum creatinine > 109 µmol/L, before the intervention. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated according to the formula CKD epi in ml/min. Each placement of the PNS was considered as an individual procedure and the data of 38 placed nephrostomies were analyzed. We compared the laboratory analyses from the day before (D0) PNS placement and on the seventh day (D7) after PNS placement. The reduction of values for red blood cells (RBC) and hemoglobin (Hb) baseline values from D0 to D7 and the need for transfusion after the procedure were defined as a complication-bleeding. The increase in total counts of the white blood cells (WBC) and C-reactive protein (CRP) from the baseline values from D0 to D7 were defined as a complication-infection. Standard statistical methods were used for data processing. RESULTS: Most patients, 17 (70%), had malignant disease as the cause of obstruction. Unilateral obstruction was more common, detected in 24 (63%) of procedures, with a high degree of hydronephrosis. Obstructive nephropathy, marked by elevated serum creatinine, was observed in 23 (60%) cases before PNS placement. Complications included bleeding and infection but did not result in any fatalities. When comparing the laboratory analysis before PNS placement (D0) and seven days later (D7), a statistically significant decrease in serum creatinine (225±161 vs. 162±145, p=0.005) and an increase in GFR (47±39 vs.59±34, p= 0.005) were observed. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous nephrostomy is a safe and effective treatment option for urinary tract obstruction, especially in patients with malignancies. Continuous monitoring is essential to assess long-term complications and the longevity of PNS functionality. This procedure offers a significant benefit in preserving renal function and minimizing the need for hemodialysis in these patients.


Subject(s)
Neoplasms , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous , Urology , Humans , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Creatinine , Universities , Kidney
14.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1328300, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577288

ABSTRACT

Background: Marriage among cousins or close relatives, i.e., consanguinity, is prevalent in many parts of the world, especially the Muslim world. Across civilizations, cultural norms, religious beliefs, and economic factors affect consanguineous marriages (CMs); however, such marriages have social, genetic, and health repercussions. The present study investigated the university students' attitudes regarding CMs and factors influencing their attitudes at King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Methods: This cross-sectional prospective study was conducted at KAU Jeddah in 2023. The questionnaire was distributed via electronic media (Emails, Facebook Messenger & WhatsApp). The convenience sampling technique was used to select participants, and descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data on SPSS-26. Results: A total of 1707 university students were part of the study (females, 1,198, 70.2%; males, 509, 29.8%). Almost half of the participants, 819 (48.0%), had parents with CMs. Most of the participants, 1,391 (81.5%), had CMs in the family. Half of the participants disagreed that parents consider marriage stable due to high compatibility and the same social relationship before and after marriage. About one-third of respondents said parents believe family marriage transmits cultural values and continuity and keeps wealth in the family. More than three-fourths of the participants stated that if marriage is arranged with first cousins, they will opt for genetic analysis (82.5%) and premarital counseling (85.2%). The personal attitudes of females (p < 0.001), undergraduate (p = 0.02), and health sciences students (p = 0.02) were more positive than their counterparts. Males (OR = 0.41; p < 0.001) and non-health sciences students (OR = 0.68; p = 0.01) were less likely to have significant positive attitudes than their counterparts. Among participants who had CM parents, males (OR = 0.397; p < 0.001) and non-health sciences students (OR = 0.60; p = 0.01) and urban residents (OR = 0.59; p = 0.01) had significantly lower odds of having a positive attitude than their counterparts. Conclusion: The practice of CMs is still prevalent in Saudi culture, with almost half of the participants having CM parents and the majority reporting these marriages in their families. Personal attitudes toward CMs were extremely positive. Most students prefer genetic testing and premarital counseling if marrying first cousins. Gender, faculty, parental income, and educational background influenced participants' attitudes.


Subject(s)
Students , Male , Female , Humans , Consanguinity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Saudi Arabia , Universities , Prospective Studies , Students/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig ; 75(1): 5-11, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578063

ABSTRACT

Background: Excessive consumption of added sugar is an essential contributing factor to weight gain in adolescence, leading to non-communicable diseases. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the added sugar consumption in foods and beverages and determine the association between free sugar consumption and BMI status. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 280 adolescents in university (18-22 years) recruited from undergraduate students at different schools. The information was acquired using a 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire. Adjusted binary logistic regression analysis was used to assess the associations between added sugar consumption in foods and beverages and nutritional status. Results: Half of the participants had a BMI status in the normal range (51.8%). A large percentage of adolescents had eaten staple food only two times and did not have breakfast (49%). Additionally, most of the student did not eat a snack or drink beverages (57.7%). Consumption of vegetables, fruit, meat, and milk was higher in obese subjects than other groups. The results showed that adolescents consumed more added sugar (79.2%) than is recommended by the WHO. The majority of added sugar consumption were beverages (46.5%). The findings revealed that added sugar consumption among undergraduate students did not differ significantly depending on BMI. Conclusion: This study indicated that added sugar consumption in university students exceeded the WHO recommendation, although there was no discernible difference in BMI status. The results would be useful for further study and may help dietitians provide appropriate nutrition education or campaigns to reduce added sugar consumption in Thai and Southeast Asia university students.


Subject(s)
Beverages , Sugars , Humans , Adolescent , Body Mass Index , Thailand , Cross-Sectional Studies , Universities , Fruit , Dietary Sugars
16.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301708, 2024.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578757

ABSTRACT

Currently, there is a limited analysis of medical education research both domestically and internationally. To enhance, improve the quality of medical education, this study conducted a quantitative analysis of teaching project data from an affiliated hospital during the period 2016-2022. The results indicated that a total of 133 teaching projects were initiated during this period, with an average age of project leaders being 42.73±6.45 years. Regarding professional ranks and titles, municipal-level project leaders had a high concentration of seniors (48.15%), while at the university-level, most project leaders held the title of deputy seniors (58.82%). At the university-level, project leaders were mainly distributed between deputy senior titles (37.08%) and intermediate titles (38.20%). In terms of research content, nearly half of the studies (46.62%) focused on teaching methods and models. Further regression analysis revealed that professional ranks and titles were an independent factor influencing the project level (P<0. 05). These findings suggest the need for improvement in medical education research, including addressing the uneven distribution of research topics, enhancing the research capacity of junior and mid-career medical education teachers, and improving the dissemination of research results.


Subject(s)
Education, Medical , Humans , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , China , Educational Status , Universities
17.
Br J Nurs ; 33(7): 348-349, 2024 Apr 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578935

ABSTRACT

Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, discusses the importance of not allowing unreasonable family demands for care influence the determination of best interests for a person who lacks capacity.


Subject(s)
Mental Competency , Humans , Universities , United Kingdom
18.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 376, 2024 Apr 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580994

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Non-Technical Skills (NTS) are cognitive, social, and personal resource skills that are crucial in complex and high-risk environments. The aims of our research are to determine the prevalence and content of NTS in the surgical rotation teaching guides of the Medicine Degree programs in Spanish Universities, to identify the most prevalent types and subtypes of NTS, and to analyze factors associated with the prevalence of surgical NTS in Medical Schools in Spain. METHODS: Descriptive observational cross-sectional study involving the identification and collection of competencies outlined in the surgical rotation teaching guides of Spanish Medical Schools. Information regarding university performance was obtained from the Foundation for Knowledge and Development Ranking webpage. The "Non-Technical Skills for Surgeons" (NOTSS) system was used to classify each competency in the teaching guides as NTS (categories and elements) and technical skills. Disagreements were resolved through group consensus. RESULTS: A total of 1,846 competencies were analyzed in surgical rotations of the Medicine Degree programs across 40 Spanish Universities, with 99 competencies identified as surgical NTS, accounting for 5% of the total. The most frequently identified surgical NTS were "Decision Making" (46%), "Communication & Teamwork" (25%), and "Leadership" (19%). Additionally, several NOTSS were not identified in any institution. Public universities and those including a greater number of competencies had a higher rate of surgical NTS competencies, and we did not find a correlation between surgical NTS competencies and quality indices of University Centers. CONCLUSIONS: There is a limited presence of surgical NTS in the educational plans of Spanish Universities.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence , Leadership , Humans , Universities , Cross-Sectional Studies , Communication
19.
West Afr J Med ; 41(2): 148-155, 2024 Feb 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581684

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Beyond clinical evaluation, additional significant areas of well-being for older people include the emotional, social, material, and functional domains. OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the functional status and its relationship with social support of older patients attending the Geriatric Centre, UCH. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study of 396 randomly selected patients aged 65 years and above was undertaken to assess their functional status (by scoring their basic activities of daily living using the Barthel index) and social support (using the Multidimensional scale of perceived social support). An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain the socio-demographic data, anthropometric measurements, and morbidities of each patient. Data collected was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. The level of significance of analysis was set at p ≤0.05. RESULTS: Participants in the study had a male-to-female ratio of 1:1.6, and their mean age (SD) was 73.2 ± 6.3 years. Functional dependency was seen in 87.4% of cases. Majority of older patients (81.1%) expressed a moderate perception of social support. The Most common morbidities among the responders were osteoarthritis, cataracts, and hypertension. Functional dependency was found to increase with an increase in family and romantic partner social support, high educational levels, and increased age. {adjusted odds ratio (AOR):1.05;95%confidence interval [CI]:1.00-1.11. (P=0.049) The odds of being functionally dependent were higher for respondents who received at least 30,000 naira ($100) in financial support from their children (AOR:2.24; 95% CI:1.06-4.77) (P=0.022). CONCLUSION: This study showed that functional dependency worsened with increased social support in older patients. The results indicated the need for a multi-factorial evaluation of functional dependence in older patients.


CONTEXTUALISATION: Au-delà de l'évaluation clinique, d'autres domaines importants du bien-être des personnes âgées comprennent les aspects émotionnels, sociaux, matériels et fonctionnels. OBJECTIFS: L'étude a évalué l'état fonctionnel et le soutien social des patients âgés fréquentant le Centre Gériatrique de l'UCH. MÉTHODOLOGIE: Une étude transversale portant sur 396 patients sélectionnés de manière aléatoire, âgés de 65 ans et plus, a été réalisée pour évaluer leur état fonctionnel (en évaluant leurs activités de base de la vie quotidienne à l'aide de l'indice de Barthel) et leur soutien social (à l'aide de l'échelle multidimensionnelle du soutien social perçu). Un questionnaire administré par un enquêteur a été utilisé pour obtenir les données sociodémographiques, les mesures anthropométriques et les morbidités de chaque patient. Les données recueillies ont été analysées à l'aide du logiciel Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Le niveau de signification de l'analyse a été fixé à p ≤0,05. RÉSULTATS: Les participants à l'étude présentaient un ratio hommes-femmes de 1 pour 1,6, et leur âge moyen (écart type) était de 73,2 (6,3) ans. Une dépendance fonctionnelle a été observée chez 87,4 % des cas. La majorité des patients âgés (81,1 %) ont exprimé une perception modérée du soutien social. Les morbidités les plus courantes parmi les répondants étaient l'arthrose, la cataracte et l'hypertension. Une dépendance fonctionnelle a été constatée pour augmenter avec l'augmentation du soutien social de la famille et du partenaire romantique, les niveaux d'éducation élevés et l'âge accru {rapport de cotes ajusté (AOR) : 1,05 ; intervalle de confiance à 95 % [IC] : 1,00-1,11}(P=0.049). Les chances de dépendance fonctionnelle étaient plus élevées pour les personnes qui recevaient au moins 30 000 nairas (100 $) de soutien financier de leurs enfants (AOR : 2,24 ; IC à 95 % : 1,06-4,77)(P=0.022). CONCLUSION: Cette étude a montré une prévalence élevée de la dépendance fonctionnelle et du soutien social chez les patients âgés. Les résultats ont indiqué la nécessité d'une évaluation multifactorielle de la dépendance fonctionnelle chez les patients âgés. MOTS-CLÉS: Incapacité fonctionnelle, Soutien social, Patients âgés, Gériatrie.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Social Support , Child , Humans , Aged , Male , Female , Nigeria/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Universities , Hospitals, University
20.
Nutrients ; 16(7)2024 Apr 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613128

ABSTRACT

Research has identified both nonmodifiable and modifiable risk factors for breast cancer (BC), with accumulating evidence showing that adopting adequate dietary practices could decrease the risk of this disease. This study aimed to assess nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and lifestyle practices (KAP) that may lead to BC risk reduction among female university students in Lebanon and examine the determinants of their practices. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a convenience sampling method, comprising 356 (response rate: 71.2%) female students at the American University of Beirut aged 18 to 25 years with no history of BC. Participants completed a pre-tested questionnaire addressing the objectives of the study. The modified Bloom's cut-off of 75% was used to categorize knowledge and practice scores as poor or good and attitudes as negative or positive. Large proportions of students had poor knowledge (68.3%), negative attitudes (65.4%), and poor practices (98.0%) scores. Pursuing a health-related major and having a higher GPA were associated with better knowledge and attitudes while being older and having a lower degree of stress were associated with positive attitudes only. Having a lower body mass index (BMI) was associated with better practice scores. Better knowledge significantly predicted higher intake of fruits and vegetables. Overall knowledge and attitudes were significantly correlated with each other, but neither was significantly correlated with overall practice. These findings underscore the importance of implementing public health programs geared towards improving nutrition KAP that may lead to BC risk reduction.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Male , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/etiology , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Lebanon/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Universities , Risk Reduction Behavior , Life Style , Students
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