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1.
Gut Microbes ; 16(1): 2316575, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381494

RESUMEN

Intestinal microbiota dysbiosis and metabolic disruption are considered essential characteristics in inflammatory bowel disorders (IBD). Reasonable butyrate supplementation can help patients regulate intestinal flora structure and promote mucosal repair. Here, to restore microbiota homeostasis and butyrate levels in the patient's intestines, we modified the genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to produce butyrate. We precisely regulated the relevant metabolic pathways to enable the yeast to produce sufficient butyrate in the intestine with uneven oxygen distribution. A series of engineered strains with different butyrate synthesis abilities was constructed to meet the needs of different patients, and the strongest can reach 1.8 g/L title of butyrate. Next, this series of strains was used to co-cultivate with gut microbiota collected from patients with mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis. After receiving treatment with engineered strains, the gut microbiota and the butyrate content have been regulated to varying degrees depending on the synthetic ability of the strain. The abundance of probiotics such as Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus increased, while the abundance of harmful bacteria like Candidatus Bacilloplasma decreased. Meanwhile, the series of butyrate-producing yeast significantly improved trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in mice by restoring butyrate content. Among the series of engineered yeasts, the strain with the second-highest butyrate synthesis ability showed the most significant regulatory and the best therapeutic effect on the gut microbiota from IBD patients and the colitis mouse model. This study confirmed the existence of a therapeutic window for IBD treatment by supplementing butyrate, and it is necessary to restore butyrate levels according to the actual situation of patients to restore intestinal flora.


Asunto(s)
Colitis , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Enfermedades Inflamatorias del Intestino , Humanos , Animales , Ratones , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Butiratos , Enfermedades Inflamatorias del Intestino/tratamiento farmacológico , Disbiosis , Suplementos Dietéticos
2.
JMIR Hum Factors ; 11: e48445, 2024 Feb 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381502

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A lack of information during an emergency visit leads to the experience of powerlessness for patients and their family members, who may also feel unprepared to cope with acute symptoms. The ever-changing nature and fast-paced workflow in the emergency department (ED) often affect how health care professionals can tailor information and communication to the needs of the patient. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the usability and experience of a newly developed information system. The system was developed together with patients and their family members to help provide the information needed in the ED. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods study consisting of quantitative data obtained from the System Usability Scale questionnaire and qualitative interview data obtained from purposively selected participants included in the quantitative part of the study. RESULTS: A total of 106 patients and 14 family members (N=120) answered the questionnaire. A total of 10 patients and 3 family members participated in the interviews. Based on the System Usability Scale score, the information system was rated close to excellent, with a mean score of 83.6 (SD 12.8). Most of the participants found the information system easy to use and would like to use it again. The participants reported that the system helped them feel in control, and the information was useful. Simplifications were needed to improve the user experience for the older individuals. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the usability of the information system is rated close to excellent. It was perceived to be useful as it enabled understanding and predictability of the patient's trajectory in the ED. Areas for improvement include making the system more usable by older individuals. The study provides an example of how a technological solution can be used to diminish the information gap in an ED context.


Asunto(s)
Sistemas de Información en Salud , Humanos , Comunicación , Exactitud de los Datos , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Emociones
3.
Gene ; 893: 147929, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381504

RESUMEN

Dysferlin protein deficiency can cause neuromuscular dysfunction, resulting in autosomal recessive dysferlinopathy, which is caused by DYSF gene mutation. Dysferlin proteins belongs to the Ferlin1-like protein family and are associated with muscle membrane repair and regeneration. In China, pathogenic mutations of the protein often result in two clinical phenotypes of Miyoshi muscular or limb band muscular dystrophy type 2B. It is clinically characterized by progressive muscle weakness and elevated serum creatine kinase. The data of the child were collected, blood samples of the child and his family members were collected, and whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed. The recombinant expression vector was constructed, the function of the mutation was verified by minigene, and the pathogenicity of the mutation was further analyzed by combining with biological information analysis. The patient initially presented with asymptomatic elevation of serum creatine kinase(CK). Then progressive lower limb weakness, mainly distal limb weakness. Large amounts of scattered necrosis, myogenic lesions, and complete deletion of dysferlin protein were observed under muscle biopsy, which further improved genetic detection. Whole exome sequencing showed compound mutations (c.1397 + 1_1397 + 3del and c.1375dup p.M459Nfs*15) in DYSF gene. c.1375dup p.M459Nfs*15 have been reported. The other mutation is the deletion of c.1397 + 1_1397 + 3 in Intron15, which is an intron mutation that may affect splicing and the pathogenesis is still unknown. Minigene splicing assay verified that c.1397 + 1_1397 + 3del resulted in exon15 skipping and produced a premature termination codon. We report a novel pathogenic mutation in DYSF gene with Miyoshi myopathy and demonstrate this variant causes skipping of exon15 by minigene splicing assay. We point out the need of conducting functional analysis to verify the pathogenicity of intronic mutation. The finding enriches the mutation spectrum of DYSF gene and laid a foundation for future studies on the correlation between genotype and phenotype.


Asunto(s)
Creatina Quinasa , Miopatías Distales , Atrofia Muscular , Niño , Humanos , Disferlina/genética , Fenotipo , Genotipo , Creatina Quinasa/genética
4.
JMIR Pediatr Parent ; 7: e54414, 2024 Feb 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381499

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is limited understanding of the concept of the digital identity of young children created through engagement on social networking sites. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this scoping review was to identify key characteristics of the concept of digital identity for children from conception to the age of 8 years on social networking sites. METHODS: This scoping review was conducted using the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) guidelines. The key databases searched were EBSCO, Web of Science, ProQuest ERIC, and Scopus. Gray literature sources (National Grey Literature Collection, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, and Google Scholar) were also searched to identify unpublished studies. Articles were selected if they were published in English and reported data on the digital identity of children in relation to social networking sites. RESULTS: The key terms used in the literature were sharenting, followed by digital footprints and children's identities. Our study revealed 2 approaches to the creation of digital identity: social digital identity and performative digital identity. The articles in this review most commonly used the term sharenting to describe the behavior parents engage in to create digital identities for children on social networking sites. Motivations to post information about children differed among parents; however, the most common reasons were to share with friends and family and create digital archives of childhood photos, termed social digital identity. The second motivation was categorized as performative digital identity. The risk of digital kidnapping and identity theft associated with the creation of digital identities also influenced parents' behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: The creation of a digital identity for children is an emerging concept. Our review develops a deeper understanding of sharenting behaviors that can be used to better support parents and their children in creating a digital identity with children and awareness of the potential future impact. We recommend that future studies explore the perspectives of children as key stakeholders in the creation of their digital identity.

5.
Gene ; 893: 147936, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381507

RESUMEN

Pollen intine serves as a protective layer situated between the pollen exine and the plasma membrane. It performs essential functions during pollen development, including maintaining the morphological structure of the pollen, preventing the loss of pollen contents, and facilitating pollen germination. The formation of the intine layer commences at the bicellular pollen stage. Pectin, cellulose, hemicellulose and structural proteins are the key constituents of the pollen intine. In Arabidopsis and rice, numerous regulatory factors associated with polysaccharide metabolism and material transport have been identified, which regulate intine development. In this review, we elucidate the developmental processes of the pollen wall and provide a concise summary of the research advancements in the development and genetic regulation of the pollen intine in Arabidopsis and rice. A comprehensive understanding of intine development and regulation is crucial for unraveling the genetic network underlying intine development in higher plants.


Asunto(s)
Arabidopsis , Oryza , Oryza/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Regulación de la Expresión Génica , Polen/genética
6.
Gene ; 893: 147935, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381506

RESUMEN

Hypoxia, an inadequate supply of tissue oxygen tension, has been reported to induce apoptosis of spermatogenic cells and is associated with male infertility. Neddylation, a post-translational modification similar to ubiquitination, has been shown to be involved in the hypoxia stress response. However, the functions of neddylation in hypoxia-induced apoptosis of spermatogenic cells and its association with male infertility remain largely unexplored. In this study, aiming to explore the role of neddylation in male infertility, we used the specific neddylation inhibitor MLN4924 for treatment in mouse type B spermatogonia GC-2 cells. Our results showed that MLN4924 had no apparent effect on GC-2 cell apoptosis under normoxia, but significantly increased apoptotic cells under hypoxia. Transcriptomic analysis and qPCR assay confirmed that MLN4924 could suppress the expression of hypoxia target genes in GC-2 cells under hypoxia. In addition, MLN4924 could enhance the induction of intracellular and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) under hypoxia. These results indicate that the neddylation inhibitor MLN4924 potentiates hypoxia-induced apoptosis of mouse type B spermatogonia GC-2 cells, and neddylation may play an important role in promoting spermatogenic cells to adapt to hypoxia stress.


Asunto(s)
Ciclopentanos , Infertilidad Masculina , Pirimidinas , Espermatogonias , Masculino , Animales , Ratones , Humanos , Apoptosis , Hipoxia
7.
Gene ; 893: 147938, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381508

RESUMEN

This study aimed to investigate the species diversity and genetic differentiation of the genome of the main cultivated strains of Ganoderma in China. Population genomics analysis was conducted based on 150 cultivated strains of Ganoderma collected nationwide. The results indicated that the main species currently cultivated in China were Ganoderma sichuanense and Ganoderma lucidum, with a minor proportion of Ganoderma sessile, Ganoderma weberianum, Ganoderma sinense, Ganoderma gibbosum and Ganoderma australe. A total of 336,506 high-quality single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci were obtained through population evolution analysis. The Fst values were calculated using a 5-kb sliding window, which ranged from 0.11 to 0.74. This suggests varying degrees of genetic differentiation between populations and genetic exchange among varieties. On this basis, the genes related to the stipe length, cap color and branch phenotypes of Ganoderma were excavated, and the region with the top 1% ZFst value region was used as a candidate region. A total of 137, 270 and 222 candidate genes were identified in the aforementioned 3 phenotypes, respectively. Gene annotation revealed that genes associated with stipe length were mainly related to cell division and differentiation, including proteins such as Nse4 protein and DIM1 protein. The genes related to Ganoderma red color were mainly related to the metabolism of tryptophan and flavonoids. The genes related to the branch were mainly related to cytokinin synthesis, ABC transporter and cytochrome P450. This study provided 150 valuable genome resequencing data in assessing the diversity and genetic differentiation of Ganoderma and laid a foundation for agronomic trait analysis and the development of new varieties of Ganoderma.


Asunto(s)
Ganoderma , Genética de Población , Flujo Genético , Ganoderma/genética , China
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381513

RESUMEN

A novel Gram-stain-negative, curved rod-shaped, motile and chitin-degrading strain, designated CD1T, was isolated from crawfish pond sediment in Caidian District (30° 58' N 114° 03' E), Wuhan City, Hubei Province, PR China. Growth of this strain was observed at 15-40°C (optimum between 28 and 30 °C), at pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum between pH 7.0 and 8.0) and with 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum at 0 %). With respect to the 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain CD1T had the highest similarity (96.91-97.25 %) to four type strains of the genera 'Chitinolyticbacter' and Chitiniphilus within the family Chitinibacteraceae. The phylogenetic trees based on genome sequences and 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain CD1T was close to members of these two genera, in particular to the genus Chitiniphilus. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain CD1T was 64.8 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and the Genome-to-Genome Distance Calculator results showed low relatedness (below 95 and 70 %, respectively) between strain CD1T and the closely related type strains. Ubiquinone-8 was the predominant quinone. The major cellular fatty acids were C10 : 0, C16 : 0, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The polar lipid profile was composed of a mixture of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified lipids, two unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified aminolipids and an unidentified aminoglycolipid. On the basis of the evidences presented in this study, strain CD1T represents a novel species of the genus Chitiniphilus, for which the name Chitiniphilus purpureus sp. nov. is proposed, with strain CD1T (=CCTCC AB 2022395T=KCTC 92850T) as the type strain.


Asunto(s)
Betaproteobacteria , Quitina , Filogenia , Estanques , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Composición de Base , Ácidos Grasos/química , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , Bacterias
9.
Gene ; 893: 147930, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381505

RESUMEN

Marsdenia tenacissima is a medicinal plant characterized by many flowers, few fruits, and a low fruit-setting rate. Exogenous auxins can improve the fruit-setting rate of plants; however, their impacts on M. tenacissima and regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we conducted a field experiment to determine the fruit-setting rate, seed-setting rate, fruit size, and changes in transcriptional expression of related genes by spraying 10 and 50 mg·L-1 of 3-indoleacetic acid (IAA). The control plants were sprayed with distilled water. Our results indicated that the fruit-setting rate was 0.15 when treated with 10 mg·L-1 of IAA, which was 2.76-fold higher than that of the control. Compared with that of the control, the number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) regulated by 10 mg·L-1 of IAA was 28.6-fold higher than that regulated by 50 mg·L-1 of IAA. These DEGs were closely related to hormone metabolism and fruit development. By transcriptome analysis, spraying 10 mg·L-1 of IAA increased the expressions of STP6, MYB17, and LAX3 and reduced those of CXE18, ILR1-like 3, and SAUR50; this possibly affected the ovule, embryo, and fruit development, thereby elevating the fruit-setting rate of M. tenacissima. Our results indicated that low IAA concentration increased the fruit-setting rate of M. tenacissima, providing theoretical and practical support for promoting the seed yield of M. tenacissima.


Asunto(s)
Aborto Inducido , Marsdenia , Femenino , Embarazo , Humanos , Frutas/genética , Ácidos Indolacéticos/farmacología
10.
JMIR Form Res ; 8: e51727, 2024 Feb 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381503

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Access to health care services is a critical determinant of population health and well-being. Measuring spatial accessibility to health services is essential for understanding health care distribution and addressing potential inequities. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we developed a geoprocessing toolbox including Python script tools for the ArcGIS Pro environment to measure the spatial accessibility of health services using both classic and enhanced versions of the 2-step floating catchment area method. METHODS: Each of our tools incorporated both distance buffers and travel time catchments to calculate accessibility scores based on users' choices. Additionally, we developed a separate tool to create travel time catchments that is compatible with both locally available network data sets and ArcGIS Online data sources. We conducted a case study focusing on the accessibility of hemodialysis services in the state of Tennessee using the 4 versions of the accessibility tools. Notably, the calculation of the target population considered age as a significant nonspatial factor influencing hemodialysis service accessibility. Weighted populations were calculated using end-stage renal disease incidence rates in different age groups. RESULTS: The implemented tools are made accessible through ArcGIS Online for free use by the research community. The case study revealed disparities in the accessibility of hemodialysis services, with urban areas demonstrating higher scores compared to rural and suburban regions. CONCLUSIONS: These geoprocessing tools can serve as valuable decision-support resources for health care providers, organizations, and policy makers to improve equitable access to health care services. This comprehensive approach to measuring spatial accessibility can empower health care stakeholders to address health care distribution challenges effectively.

11.
Gene ; 893: 147937, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381509

RESUMEN

Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has revolutionized the analysis of specific genes, pathways, and their regulation in various species. Tribulus terrestris L., an annual medicinal herb of Zygophyllaceae family, has gained significant attention due to its diverse medicinal properties, including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anti-cancer effects. Diosgenin, a steroidal saponin, is the major bioactive compound responsible for the medicinal importance of T. terrestris. However, there is a paucity of information regarding the genes involved in the diosgenin biosynthetic pathway in T. terrestris. To address this gap, this study aimed to identify candidate genes associated with diosgenin biosynthesis through whole transcriptome profiling. A total of ∼7.9 GB of data, comprising 482 million reads, was obtained and assembled into 148,871 unigenes. Subsequently, functional annotations were assigned to 50 % of the unigenes using sequence similarity searches against the NCBI non-redundant (NR), Uniprot, KEGG, Pfam, GO, and COG databases, primarily based on Gene Ontology and KEGG-KAAS pathways. The majority of unigenes associated with the biosynthesis of the steroidal diosgenin backbone exhibited up-regulation in the fruit, leaf, and root tissues, except the SQE gene in root. The differential expression of selected genes was further validated through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Additionally, the study identified 21,026 unigenes related to transcription factors and 15,551 unigenes containing simple sequence repeats (SSR). Notably, di-nucleotide SSR motifs exhibited a high repeat frequency. These findings greatly enhance our understanding of the diosgenin biosynthesis pathway and provide a basis for future research in molecular investigation and metabolic engineering, specifically for boosting diosgenin content.


Asunto(s)
Diosgenina , Plantas Medicinales , Tribulus , Tribulus/genética , Plantas Medicinales/genética , Bases de Datos Factuales , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica
12.
Gene ; 893: 147946, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381512

RESUMEN

Dermal papilla cells (DPCs) are key regulators of hair follicle (HF) development and growth, which not only regulate HF growth and cycling but play a role in the pathogenesis of hair loss. The transcription factor Homeobox C13 (HOXC13) can modulate the growth and development of HFs. Nevertheless, the specific genes and pathways regulated by HOXC13 in DPCs have yet to be determined. Thus, to gain a better understanding of genomic binding sites involved in HOXC13-regulated HF development, chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high throughput sequencing (ChIP-Seq) was performed on rabbit DPCs with pcDNA3.1-3 × Flag-HOXC13 overexpression. A complete set of 9670 enrichment peaks was acquired by applying HOXC13-Flag ChIP. Subsequently, the peak sequence was annotated to the rabbit genome, revealing that 6.1 % of the peaks were identified within in the promoter region. Thereafter, five annotated genes were verified using RT-qPCR. The peak-associated genes were mainly enriched in signaling pathways related to HF development, such as MAPK and PI3K-Akt. Furthermore, by using a dual-luciferase reporter assay, we found that HOXC13 can target the protein kinase cAMP­dependent catalytic ß (PRKACB) promoter region (-1596 âˆ¼ -1107 bp) and inhibit its transcription, which was consistent with data obtained from ChIP-seq analysis. Overexpression of PRKACB gene significantly modulated the expression of BCL2, WNT2, LEF1, and SFRP2 genes related to HF development as determined by RT-qPCR (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). The CCK-8 and flow cytometry assays showed that PRKACB significantly inhibited the proliferation of DPCs and promoted apoptosis (P < 0.01). In conclusion, our research revealed that PRKACB has the potential to serve as a novel target gene of HOXC13, contributing to the regulation of the proliferation and apoptosis of DPCs. The process of identifying global target genes can contribute to the understanding of the intricate pathways that HOXC13 regulates in the growth of HFs.


Asunto(s)
Secuenciación de Inmunoprecipitación de Cromatina , Genes Homeobox , Animales , Conejos , Folículo Piloso , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas , Inmunoprecipitación de Cromatina
13.
J Med Food ; 27(2): 198-207, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381516

RESUMEN

Cancer is one of the leading causes of increasing global mortality with uprising health concerns and threats. Unfortunately, conventional chemotherapy has substantial side effects, limiting its relevance and prompting a quest for safe and efficient alternatives. For thousands of years, plants have provided a rich reservoir for curing a variety of ailments, including cancer. According to the World Health Organization, medicinal plants would be the best source of medications. However, only 25% of drugs in the present pharmacopoeia are derived from plants. Hence, further research into different plants is required to better understand their efficacy. Twenty extracts of widely distributed Middle Eastern plants were screened for the cytotoxic effect against lung cancer cell lines (A549). Eleven plants showed IC50 below 25 µg/mL, consequently, the bioactive extracts were further fractionated by graded precipitation using absolute ethanol. All fraction A (FA; crude polysaccharides precipitate) showed potent IC50, 0.2-5.5 µg/mL except the FA of Brassica juncea, Silybum marianum, and Phaseolus vulgaris, whereas FB fractions (filtrate) of Anastatica hierochuntica, Plantago ovate, Tussilago farfara, and Cucurbita moschata had lower efficacy than other fractions with IC50 values in the range of 0.1-7.7 µg/mL. The fractions of FA Taraxacum officinale and FB Ziziphus spina possess the most potent cytotoxic activity with IC50, 0.2 and 0.1 µg/mL, respectively. Moreover, cell cycle analysis of both fractions revealed an arrest at G1/S-phase and activation of apoptosis rather than necrosis as the mode of cell death. Therefore, T. officinale and Z. spina fractions may pave the way to manage lung carcinoma as an alternative and complementary food regimen.


Asunto(s)
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Apoptosis , Muerte Celular , Pulmón
14.
J Med Food ; 27(2): 97-109, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381517

RESUMEN

The prevalence of diabetes has increased in last decades worldwide and is expected to continue to do so in the coming years, reaching alarming figures. Evidence have shown that patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have intestinal microbial dysbiosis. Moreover, several mechanisms link the microbiota with the appearance of insulin resistance and diabetes. Diet is a crucial factor related to changes in the composition, diversity, and activity of gut microbiota (GM). In this review, the current and future possibilities of nutrient-GM interactions as a strategy to alleviate T2D are discussed, as well as the mechanisms related to decreased low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance. A bibliographic search of clinical trials in Pubmed, Web of Science, and Scopus was carried out, using the terms "gut microbiota, diet and diabetes." The data analyzed in this review support the idea that dietary interventions targeting changes in the microbiota, including the use of prebiotics and probiotics, can improve glycemic parameters. However, these strategies should be individualized taking into account other internal and external factors. Advances in the understanding of the role of the microbiota in the development of metabolic diseases such as T2D, and its translation into a therapeutic approach for the management of diabetes, are necessary to allow a comprehensive approach.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Resistencia a la Insulina , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevención & control , Estado Nutricional , Inflamación
15.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e52905, 2024 Feb 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381514

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of unhealthy movement behaviors among young children remains a global public health issue. eHealth is considered a cost-effective approach that holds great promise for enhancing health and related behaviors. However, previous research on eHealth interventions aimed at promoting behavior change has primarily focused on adolescents and adults, leaving a limited body of evidence specifically pertaining to preschoolers. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to examine the effectiveness of eHealth interventions in promoting 24-hour movement behaviors, specifically focusing on improving physical activity (PA) and sleep duration and reducing sedentary behavior among preschoolers. In addition, we assessed the moderating effects of various study characteristics on intervention effectiveness. METHODS: We searched 6 electronic databases (PubMed, Ovid, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) for experimental studies with a randomization procedure that examined the effectiveness of eHealth interventions on 24-hour movement behaviors among preschoolers aged 2 to 6 years in February 2023. The study outcomes included PA, sleep duration, and sedentary time. A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the pooled effect using a random-effects model, and subgroup analyses were conducted to explore the potential effects of moderating factors such as intervention duration, intervention type, and risk of bias (ROB). The included studies underwent a rigorous ROB assessment using the Cochrane ROB tool. Moreover, the certainty of evidence was evaluated using the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) assessment. RESULTS: Of the 7191 identified records, 19 (0.26%) were included in the systematic review. The meta-analysis comprised a sample of 2971 preschoolers, which was derived from 13 included studies. Compared with the control group, eHealth interventions significantly increased moderate to vigorous PA (Hedges g=0.16, 95% CI 0.03-0.30; P=.02) and total PA (Hedges g=0.37, 95% CI 0.02-0.72; P=.04). In addition, eHealth interventions significantly reduced sedentary time (Hedges g=-0.15, 95% CI -0.27 to -0.02; P=.02) and increased sleep duration (Hedges g=0.47, 95% CI 0.18-0.75; P=.002) immediately after the intervention. However, no significant moderating effects were observed for any of the variables assessed (P>.05). The quality of evidence was rated as "moderate" for moderate to vigorous intensity PA and sedentary time outcomes and "low" for sleep outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: eHealth interventions may be a promising strategy to increase PA, improve sleep, and reduce sedentary time among preschoolers. To effectively promote healthy behaviors in early childhood, it is imperative for future studies to prioritize the development of rigorous comparative trials with larger sample sizes. In addition, researchers should thoroughly examine the effects of potential moderators. There is also a pressing need to comprehensively explore the long-term effects resulting from these interventions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42022365003; http://tinyurl.com/3nnfdwh3.


Asunto(s)
Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Conducta Sedentaria , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Humanos , Bases de Datos Factuales , Ejercicio Físico , Movimiento
16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381521

RESUMEN

Halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs), specifically CsPbBr3, have attracted considerable interest due to their remarkable optical properties for optoelectronic devices. To achieve high-efficiency light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on CsPbBr3 nanocrystals (NCs), it is crucial to optimize both their photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) and carrier transport properties when they are deposited to form films on substrates. While the exchange of native ligands with didodecyl dimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) ligand pairs has been successful in boosting their PLQY, dense DDAB coverage on the surface of NCs should impede carrier transport and limit device efficiency. Following our previous work, here, we use oleyl phosphonic acid (OLPA) as a selective stripping agent to remove a fraction of DDAB from the NC surface and demonstrate that such stripping enhances carrier transport while maintaining a high PLQY. Through systematic optimization of OLPA dosage, we significantly improve the performance of CsPbBr3 LEDs, achieving a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 15.1% at 516 nm and a maximum brightness of 5931 cd m-2. These findings underscore the potential of controlled ligand stripping to enhance the performance of CsPbBr3 NC-based optoelectronic devices.

17.
Gene ; 893: 147945, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381511

RESUMEN

To investigate the regulatory role of heat shock transcription factor 1 of sea slug Onchidium reevesii (OrHSF1) on Hsp70 expression in the sea slug under stress , the OrHSF1 gene was cloned and bioinformatics analysis was performed, then the gene and protein expressions by RNA interference (RNAi) mediated knockdown of OrHSF1 expression were measured to clarify the regulatory relationship between OrHSF1 and Hsp70 under low-frequency noise (LFN) stress. Our study was the first to clone a 1572 bp sequence of the OrHSF1 gene, with the sequence coding for amino acids (CDS) being 729 bp, encoding 243 amino acids. O. reevesii shared a close evolutionary relationship with mollusks such as the Aplysia californica. OrHSF1 gene is widely expressed in different tissues of sea slugs, with the highest expression in the intestine and the lowest in the reproductive glands. Furthermore, we used RNA interference (RNAi) as a tool to silence the OrHSF1 gene in the central nervous system (CNS) and the results indicated that gene silencing was occurring systematically in the CNS and the suppression of OrHSF1 expression by RNAi-mediated gene silencing altered the expression of Hsp70; besides, the expression trends of OrHSF1 gene and Hsp70 were consistent in the 3 and 5-day RNAi experiment. Moreover, in sea slugs injected with siHSF1 and exposed to LFN, the mRNA expression and protein expression of Hsp70 in the CNS were significantly decreased compared to the low-frequency noise group (P < 0.05). This study demonstrated that OrHSF1 regulates Hsp70 expression in marine mollusks under low-frequency noise, and HSF1-Hsp70 axis plays a key role in stress response.


Asunto(s)
Aplysia , Gastrópodos , Animales , Factores de Transcripción del Choque Térmico/genética , Gastrópodos/genética , Aminoácidos , Proteínas HSP70 de Choque Térmico/genética , Clonación Molecular
19.
Gene ; 893: 147944, 2024 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381510

RESUMEN

Tannic acid (TA), a significant plant secondary metabolite, is contained in the daily food of Brandt's voles. Its adverse effect on gut function has been shown in earlier research, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain uncertain. In this study, male Brandt's vole (13 weeks old) were divided into two groups and given 0 (control) or 1,200 (TA-treated) mg•kg-1 TA for 18 days. Then RNA sequencing was used to conduct a thorough transcriptome analysis on the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum of Brandt's voles. Results showed that TA significantly increased serum total cholesterol concentration (P < 0.05) and decreased the nutrient digestibility (P < 0.05) of Brandt's voles. Furthermore, there were 174 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the duodenum, 96 DEGs in the jejunum, and 88 DEGs in the ileum between the control and TA-treated groups. Enrichment analysis revealed that many genes associated with bile secretion, fat digestion and absorption, innate immune response, and tight junction such as ABCG2, ABCG8, PEAK1, and IFR2, etc. were altered after TA treatment, which were verified by quantitative real-time PCR. These findings suggested that TA can change the expression of intestinal genes, thereby, altering nutrition metabolism and immunological function, eventually hindering the growth of Brandt's voles. The results of this study provide a theoretical basis for explaining how TA affects the gut function of Brandt's voles at the molecular level.


Asunto(s)
Arvicolinae , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Polifenoles , Animales , RNA-Seq , Análisis de Secuencia de ARN , Arvicolinae/genética
20.
Environ Health Perspect ; 132(2): 27010, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381478

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Atrazine is a common agricultural herbicide in the United States. Few epidemiologic studies have evaluated cancer risks. Previous analyses within the Agricultural Health Study (AHS) have found some evidence of associations with cancer at some sites. OBJECTIVE: We updated exposure information, incident cases, and follow-up time to assess the associations between atrazine use and cancer at specific sites in the AHS. METHODS: Information about lifetime pesticide use was reported at enrollment (1993-1997) and follow-up (1999-2005). Among 53,562 pesticide applicators in North Carolina and Iowa, we identified 8,915 incident cases through cancer registry linkages through 2014 (North Carolina)/2017 (Iowa). We used Poisson regression to evaluate the association between ever/never and intensity-weighted lifetime days of atrazine use and incident cancer risk controlling for several confounders. We also evaluated lagged exposures and age-stratified risk. RESULTS: Approximately 71.2% of applicators reported ever using atrazine, which was associated with lung cancer [rate ratios (RR)=1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04, 1.46]. Aggressive prostate cancer risk was increased in the highest quartile (RRQ4=1.20; 95% CI: 0.95, 1.52; p-trend=0.19), particularly among those <60 years old (RRQ4=3.04; 95% CI: 1.61, 5.75; p-trend<0.001; p-interaction=0.04). Among applicators <50 years of age, ever-atrazine use was associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) (RR=2.43; 95% CI: 1.10, 5.38; p-interaction=0.60). For soft tissue sarcoma, there was an elevated risk in the highest tertile of exposure (RRT3: 2.54; 95% CI: 0.97, 6.62; p-trend=0.31). In analyses with exposure lagged by 25 years, there was an elevated risk of pharyngeal (RRT3=3.04; 95% CI: 1.45, 6.36; p-trend=0.07) and kidney (RRQ4=1.62; 95% CI: 1.15, 2.29; p-trend<0.005) cancers. DISCUSSION: We observed suggestive associations with some malignancies in overall, age-specific, and lagged analyses. Associations with aggressive prostate cancer and NHL were apparent among those diagnosed at younger ages and with cancers of the pharynx and kidney, and soft tissue sarcomas were observed in lagged analyses. Further work is needed to confirm these observed associations and elucidate potential underlying mechanisms. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP13684.


Asunto(s)
Atrazina , Plaguicidas , Neoplasias de la Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Incidencia , Agricultura
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