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1.
J Pediatr ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536492

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of non-pharmacological interventions for the treatment of childhood functional constipation functional constipation. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating non-pharmacological treatments in children with functional constipation which reported at least one outcome of the core outcome set for children with functional constipation. RESULTS: 52 RCTs were included with 4668 children, aged between 2 weeks and 18 years, of whom 47% were females. Studied interventions comprised of gut microbiome-directed interventions, other dietary interventions, oral supplements, pelvic floor-directed interventions, electrical stimulation, dry cupping, and massage therapy. An overall high risk of bias was found across the majority of studies. Meta-analyses for treatment success and/or defecation frequency, including 20 RCTs, showed abdominal electrical stimulation (n=3), Cassia Fistula emulsion (n=2), and a cow's milk exclusion diet (n=2 in a subpopulation with constipation as a possible manifestation of cow's milk allergy) may be effective. Evidence from RCTs not included in the meta-analyses, indicated that some prebiotic and fiber mixtures, Chinese herbal medicine (Xiao'er Biantong granules), and abdominal massage are promising therapies. In contrast, studies showed no benefit for the use of probiotics, synbiotics, an increase in water intake, dry cupping, or additional biofeedback or behavioral therapy. We found no RCTs on physical movement or acupuncture. CONCLUSIONS: More well-designed high quality RCTs concerning non-pharmacological treatments for children with functional constipation are needed before changes in current guidelines are indicated.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(30): e26794, 2021 Jul 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397733

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil consists of 8-12 carbons with higher absorption and provides better calories than long-chain triglyceride oil. This study was to explore the effect of MCT oil massage on growth in preterm infants. METHODS: A prospective, single-blind, randomized (two treatments and one control) study was conducted. Preterm infants weighing between 1500 and 2000 g were recruited and randomly assigned to three groups: the MCT oil massage, massage alone and no massage groups. The standardized massage intervention consisted of two 5-min phases, including tactile and kinesthetic stimulation, which were given three times a day for 7 consecutive days. Premature infants in the oil massage group received massage with 10 mL/kg/day of MCT oil divided equally into three applications. Weight, length and head circumference were measured in the three groups at birth and on study days 1 to 7. RESULTS: Forty-eight neonates were evaluated with 16 in each of three groups. The linear mixed effect model was adjusted for other factors, and results showed that weight gain on the 4th day in the oil massage group was greater than that in the no massage group (P < .05). From the 5th to 7th day, weight gain in the oil massage group was greater than that in the other two groups (P < .05). Regarding head circumference and height, this study found that the MCT oil massage group did not have better results than the other two groups. No adverse events were noted in the massage groups. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that preterm infant daily massage with MCT oil is an effective intervention for weight gain that should be recognized as part of low-birth-weight infant developmental care. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT04281563, Registered on 24 February 2020.


Asunto(s)
Recien Nacido Prematuro/crecimiento & desarrollo , Masaje , Triglicéridos , Desarrollo Infantil , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Masculino
3.
Infant Behav Dev ; 64: 101604, 2021 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274848

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Infant massage, in which mothers stroke their infant's skin slowly and gently, can cause pleasant sensations in the infant that can be affected by the velocity of massage. However, the massage velocity at which infants feel the most pleasant sensations remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of massage velocity on heart rate (HR) and HR variability (HRV) in healthy infants. METHOD: Twenty-two infant-mother dyads two to seven months of age were recruited. Mothers stroked their infant's skin at three massage velocities (5.0, 7.5, and 10.0 cm/s) in a randomized order for 15 min. The rhythm of massage velocity was calculated according to the length of three body areas. The massage velocity of the mothers was regulated using a metronome. HR and HRV (high frequency [HF] and low frequency [LF]) were measured at rest and during massage for each velocity. The effects on pleasantness were evaluated using percent change in median baseline value compared with median values for the three massage velocities. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance mixed effect models to exclude "period" and "carryover" effects during massage. RESULTS: When measuring HF, massage (7.5 cm/s) caused a significant increase in pleasantness compared with 10.0 cm/s (p = 0.04). The HR and LF/HF ratio were not significantly changed between velocities. CONCLUSION: Results of this study suggested that a massage velocity of 7.5 cm/s was the most pleasant for infants. Future research should investigate the relationship between an infant massage by optimal velocity and infant development in longitudinal studies.


Asunto(s)
Masaje , Madres , Niño , Desarrollo Infantil , Estudios Cruzados , Femenino , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Humanos , Lactante
4.
J Trop Pediatr ; 67(3)2021 07 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213538

RESUMEN

Infant massage is a highly prevalent traditional practice in India and other parts of Asia. Clear guidance on safe and effective uses of infant massage is lacking especially in the contemporary times when the traditional knowledge is on the verge of extinction and preparations may differ from in the past. This paper presents a consensus guidance in the form of a standardized protocol for routine massage of infants in home settings. Furthermore, a feasible method to develop an integrative protocol involving traditional and modern medicine experts is described. A modified e-Delphi method was used to develop the protocol. A group of seventeen experts, including academicians and practitioners from disciplines as modern paediatrics, Ayurveda paediatrics, Physiotherapy and Naturopathy participated in three rounds of a Delphi study to evolve the consensus guidance. The present protocol for massage of infants born beyond 34 weeks of gestation and weighing above 1.8 kg is recommended for use by care givers. This provides guidance on the preparation for infant massage such as when to begin massaging the infant, checking fitness of the infant for massage, the appropriate time, environment, person and substance for infant massage and a detailed description of the procedure for infant massage. Paediatricians, obstetricians and other child care practitioners can use this protocol to guide care givers on how to peform infant massage.


Asunto(s)
Masaje , Niño , Consenso , Humanos , India , Lactante
5.
Front Public Health ; 9: 663581, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34178921

RESUMEN

Background: Functional constipation in children is a common disease that causes a psychological burden on infants and young children across the world. It will greatly affect infant quality of life in early childhood and even affect their psychological and physical health. At present, infant functional constipation is treated with western drugs alone, but this can produce drug dependency. In recent years, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) infant massage has been used as a complementary and alternative therapy, and its effectiveness and safety have been proven, attracting the attention of numerous researchers. Objective: Our study aimed to compare the influence of infant massage intervention on defecation frequency and consistency, determine the effectiveness, and safety of infant massage in the treatment of infant functional constipation, and obtain high-quality clinical evidence. Methods: Based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement, inclusion, and exclusion criteria were formulated. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on TCM infant massage for the treatment of infant functional constipation were found following a search of four mainstream medical databases. RCTs found to meet the study's requirement were included; data information was then extracted, and the quality was assessed using the Cochrane bias risk assessment tool. Through RevMan software, a meta-analysis was carried out for overall effective rate, stool form, defecation frequency, defecation difficulty, and constipation symptom scoring index. The relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated, heterogeneity was tested and its source was found, and publication bias was assessed through the Egger's and Begg's tests and by means of funnel plots. Results: A total of 23 RCTs and 2,005 patients were included. The results of the meta-analysis showed that compared to drug therapy alone, TCM infant massage had a superior effect on the treatment of infant functional constipation. This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05) and evaluated according to the overall effective rate (RR = 1.25; 95% CI = 1.17, 1.33), defecation frequency [mean difference (MD) = -0.72; 95% CI = -0.80, -0.65], and constipation symptom score (MD = -0.81; 95% CI = -1.20, -0.43), showing that TCM infant massage is indeed superior to drug therapy alone in the treatment of infant functional constipation. TCM infant massage was found to be equivalent to drug therapy alone in terms of the stool form score [-0.30 (-0.38, -0.22)] and the defecation difficulty score [-0.73 (-0.81, -0.65)], since the difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). The source of heterogeneity might be related to the state of patient, manipulation of the massages, efficacy of drugs in the control group, and difference in judgment criteria for efficacy. The Egger's test and Begg's test showed that publication bias did not occur in our study. Conclusion: TCM infant massage can increase defecation frequency and reduce the symptoms of constipation in children suffering from functional constipation; in addition, the clinical trial showed beneficial effects. Since some of the RCTs featured a very small sample size, the reliability and validity of our study's conclusion may have been affected as well; therefore, the explanation should be treated with some caution. In the future, a large number of higher-quality RCTs are still needed to confirm the results of our study.


Asunto(s)
Estreñimiento , Laxativos , Niño , Preescolar , Estreñimiento/terapia , Humanos , Lactante , Laxativos/uso terapéutico , Masaje , Medicina China Tradicional , Resultado del Tratamiento
6.
J Affect Disord ; 292: 592-602, 2021 09 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147972

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Prenatal depression affects 20.7 percent of women worldwide, which was associated with preterm birth, low birth weight and Apgar score, as well as cognitive, emotional and behavioral development disorders. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to retrieve the latest and best evidence about music, massage, yoga and exercise in the prevention and treatment of prenatal depression, and to preliminarily compare the four methods to explore the most effective means. We also compared different types of yoga and music, in order to find the most effective type of intervention. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was carried out through six databases on randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Effects were summarized by a random effects model using mean differences with 95% confidence intervals. Evidence quality was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) criteria. RESULTS: This research found low to very low evidence that yoga, exercise, music and massage could reduce antenatal depression. Among them, music may be the most effective intervention, and integrated yoga other than simple yoga would improve prenatal depression. The effect of Chinese Medicine Five Element Music may be better than ordinary music. CONCLUSION: It is important to support prenatal depression patients to make informed decisions about their behavior therapy.


Asunto(s)
Meditación , Música , Yoga , Depresión , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Masaje , Embarazo
7.
J Clin Nurs ; 2021 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075656

RESUMEN

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To compare and rank the efficacy and safety of non-pharmacological interventions in the management of labour pain. BACKGROUND: Recently, various non-pharmacological interventions have been applied to manage labour pain and have shown positive effects. However, evidence identifying which type of non-pharmacological intervention is more efficient and safer is limited. DESIGN: Systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis based on PRISMA-NMA. METHODS: Seven databases were searched from database inception-March 2020. Two reviewers independently performed study selection, quality appraisal and data extraction. Conventional meta-analysis was conducted using either fixed-effects model or random-effects model according to statistical heterogeneity. The Bayesian network meta-analysis was conducted using the consistency model. RESULTS: 43 studies involving nine non-pharmacological interventions were included. The Bayesian network meta-analysis showed that acupressure (SMD = -2.00, 95% CrI -3.09 to -0.94), aromatherapy (SMD = -2.01, 95% CrI -3.70 to -0.35) and massage therapy (SMD = -1.26, 95% CrI -2.26 to -0.30) had significant positive effects on alleviating labour pain, with aromatherapy being the most effective. The results also revealed that yoga (SMD = -130.85, 95% CrI -212.01 to -59.32) and acupressure (SMD = -10.14, 95% CrI -20.24 to -0.41) were the most effective interventions for shortening the first stage and the second stage of labour, respectively. There were no significant differences between non-pharmacological interventions and usual care or placebo control on the use of pharmacological methods and neonatal 5-min Apgar score. CONCLUSIONS: The evidence in this network meta-analysis illustrates that non-pharmacological interventions are effective and safe for labour pain management in low-risk pregnant women. In the future, well-designed studies are needed to validate the conclusion of this network meta-analysis. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The results support the use of non-pharmacological interventions, especially aromatherapy and acupressure, to relieve labour pain in low-risk pregnant women. Non-pharmacological interventions for labour pain management are recommended to apply according to maternal women's preference and values.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(19): e25874, 2021 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106640

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder with increasing incidence. At present, the global incidence of the disease is on the rise, and the cause is unknown. There is no specific treatment for this disease at present, mainly education and training. Traditional Chinese medicine treatment has a certain effect on the improvement of the symptoms of the disease. The treatment methods are mainly oral Chinese medicine and acupuncture, but children are often not easy to cooperate. As a safe and effective green therapy, massage is easy to be accepted by children. METHODS: We will search the following electronic databases for randomized controlled trials to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of massage therapy in treating autism spectrum disorders: Wanfang and PubMed Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Excerpta Medica database. Each database will be searched from inception to March 2021. The entire process will include study selection, data extraction, risk of bias assessment, and meta-analyses. RESULTS: This proposed study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of massage therapy for patients with autism spectrum disorders. The outcomes will include changes in autism spectrum disorder relief and adverse effect. CONCLUSION: This proposed systematic review will evaluate the existing evidence on the effectiveness and safety of massage therapy for patients with autism spectrum disorders. DISSEMINATION AND ETHICS: The results of this review will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publication. Because all of the data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis have been published, this review does not require ethical approval. Furthermore, all data will be analyzed anonymously during the review process.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista/terapia , Masaje/métodos , Humanos , Masaje/efectos adversos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Proyectos de Investigación
9.
Pain Res Manag ; 2021: 6612175, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34136057

RESUMEN

Reduction of intravenous line placement pain is one of the most important nursing priorities in the pediatric wards. The present study was aimed at comparing the effect of Hugo's point massage and play on the severity of IV-line placement pain in hospitalized children aged 3-6 years in the pediatric ward. 72 children were selected and assigned randomly to three groups, i.e., control, play, and Hugo point massage. In the massage group, the middle angle between the first and second bones of the palm of the opposite hand was massaged, and the playgroup encouraged bubble-making play. The one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) did not show a statistically significant difference between the mean IV-line placement pain in play, Hugo's point, and control groups before interventions (p=0.838; p > 0.05). However, the ANOVA test revealed a significant difference between the mean IV-line placement pain in play, Hugo's point, and control groups after the interventions (p=0.006; p < 0.05). The result of the post hoc Scheffe test also showed a statistically significant difference between the mean intensity of IV-line placement pain in both play therapy and Hugo's point massage groups (p=0.028; p < 0.05). Moreover, this test showed that the playgroup children felt less pain than Hugo's point and control group children. This study showed that, in comparison with Hugo's point massage, the play was a more effective way for reducing pain caused by IV-line placement in children, and pediatric nurses can play a significant role in reducing and managing children's pain by using it.


Asunto(s)
Administración Intravenosa/efectos adversos , Masaje/estadística & datos numéricos , Manejo del Dolor/métodos , Juego e Implementos de Juego , Análisis de Varianza , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Mano/fisiología , Humanos , Masculino , Dolor/etiología
10.
Complement Ther Med ; 59: 102735, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974990

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Neonates who undergo painful medical procedures should be given analgesics to reduce future adverse risks. The evidence for massage therapy (MT) as an analgesic method still varies, both in its terminology and implementation. Only a few studies on this topic have been conducted using a standardised trial approach. This review can thus become the basis for better future research. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to identify literature on MT practices as a method to manage or control pain in neonates undergoing painful procedures. METHODS: The methodology for this review followed the JBI scoping review methodology guidelines. Searches were performed in several databases: MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL (EBSCO), Scopus (Elsevier) and EMBASE. Data collected were then extracted by two independent reviewers, synthesised and presented in the form of tables and narratives. RESULTS: Fifteen studies involving a total of 1,058 neonates in nine countries were identified in the search as meeting the criteria set for this review. One study was a comparative study, five were quasi-experiment studies and nine were randomised control trials (RCT). CONCLUSION: The implementation of massage as a non-pharmacological analgesic method for neonates undergoing painful procedures varied among the reviewed studies. Differences were identified in terms of the body part massaged, the duration and intensity of the massage, the level of pressure and the combination of massage with other methods. All studies presented positive results for reducing pain intensity in neonates undergoing procedural pain. Therefore, it is crucial that the method used for giving massage should be practical, accurate and safe.

11.
Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci) ; 15(3): 197-202, 2021 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34048977

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe the clinical response to five-step systematic therapy (FSST) in the management of plugged ducts and mastitis. FSST was a comprehensive milk stasis dredging treatment, which contained five steps to make the milk out of the plugged duct. METHODS: This retrospective study included 922 breastfeeding women, 714 with plugged ducts, and 208 with mastitis who received FSST from June to September 2017. The breast pain score, swelling degree, and range of breast induration were recorded pre-FSST and post-FSST. RESULTS: After a single FSST, pain score and swelling degree were significantly improved (both p < .001) in all cases. After FSST, the mean breast pain relief score was 1.69 ± 0.70, whereas the mean swelling fade away degree was 1.61 ± 0.62. In the subgroup analysis, pain score and swelling degree were significantly improved (both p < .001) in the plugged ducts group and the mastitis group. The score of pain relief in the plugged ducts group was less than that in the mastitis group (1.63 ± 0.68 vs. 1.91 ± 0.70, t = 5.30; p < .001), whereas improvement of swelling fade away was greater in the plugged ducts group than the mastitis group (1.65 ± 0.64 vs. 1.48 ± 0.56, t = 3.49; p = .001). The composition ratio of changes in induration range between the two groups was statistically different (Pearson χ2 = 137.87, p < .001), of which more obvious improvement in the plugged ducts group than the mastitis group (χ2 = 25.65, p < .001). CONCLUSION: FSST can relieve pain, reduce breast swelling and range of induration, and for plugged ducts or mastitis varied degree differently.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de la Mama/terapia , Mastitis/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Lactancia Materna , Extracción de Leche Materna/métodos , Crioterapia/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Terapia por Láser/métodos , Masaje/métodos , Mastodinia/etiología , Mastodinia/terapia , Mortalidad , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34036760

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Preterm infants often suffer from nutritional problems because of gastrointestinal problems. Massage could make the infants feel more peace and comfort, but limited studies have focused on the effects of massage on the gastric function. This study aimed to investigate the effects of abdominal massage on the gastric function of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial compared gastric function of preterm infants with and without massage therapy. The preterm infants were randomly allocated to control and massage groups. The massage group received the abdominal massage before feeding, twice a day, for 15 min, over 5 days. Furthermore, the gastric function was compared between the control and experimental groups. The data were analyzed using SPSS software (Version 15.0). RESULTS: The average weight in both groups had no significant (p>0.05) changes before and after the study, and both groups showed a negative trend in the weight gain. The abdominal circumference, the frequency of vomiting episodes, the residual volume, and defecation frequency were significantly (p<0.05) different between the two groups after the intervention. CONCLUSIONS: The abdominal massage could be an effective nonmedicinal method to reduce the gastrointestinal problems in the preterm infants. The abdominal massage could be offered to the preterm infants as an inexpensive, available, and feasible method to alleviate gastrointestinal problems as well as improve the gastric function.

13.
Jpn J Nurs Sci ; 18(4): e12421, 2021 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880884

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: In addition to pharmacological methods, non-pharmacological methods can also be used for reducing pain and increasing comfort during invasive procedures in newborn babies. This study was conducted to determine the effect on pain level and comfort of foot massages given by mothers to newborns before heel lancing. METHODS: This is a double-blind randomized controlled experimental study. The sample consisted of 128 newborns including 64 in the intervention group and 64 in the control group. The Newborn Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) and Newborn Comfort Behavior Scale (NCBS) were used to collect the data, along with questionnaires for information on the newborn and mother. The researcher explained to each mother in theory how to do a foot massage at least 2 h before the heel lancing procedure. Mothers then drew random assignments to either an intervention group that would give a foot massage for 3 min with baby oil, or a control group that simply waited 3 min, immediately prior to the lancing. RESULTS: It was determined that the foot massage performed by the mother reduced the pain level of babies, increased their comfort levels, and decreased their distress levels. CONCLUSION: Nurses play an active role in defining and evaluating the newborn's responses to pain. It is thought that this study will guide nurses working in the clinic in reducing the acute pain that develops with invasive interventions performed on newborns and in preventing the negative effects of pain on the newborn.


Asunto(s)
Talón , Madres , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Masaje , Dolor/prevención & control , Manejo del Dolor
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(17): e25654, 2021 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907127

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Anorexia is a common and frequent disease in clinical pediatrics. It refers to a chronic digestive disorder syndrome with loss of appetite or disappearance and reduced food intake. The incidence of anorexia in children is very high, if not timely, safe and effective treatment, will have a huge impact on the growth and development of children. The toxic side effects of related treatment drugs often worry clinicians. Pediatric massage is external therapy, with green, safe and effective characteristics, lack of evidence-based medicine evidence support. A systematic evaluation and meta-analysis of the safety and efficacy of pediatric massage in the treatment of anorexia will be carried out in this paper to provide a powerful evidence. METHODS: We'll retrieve 8 electronic databases, including the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web Of Science, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database (WF), China Science Journal Database (VIP), the retrieval date was established from the database to March 2021. The authors will screen the study independently, Extracting data, and through Coch bias tools to assess the quality hazards of methods. RevmanV.5.3 software will be used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The results of this study need to be obtained after the completion of this program. CONCLUSIONS: The conclusion of this study will confirm the efficacy and safety of pediatric massage in the treatment of anorexia, and provide reliable evidence for clinical selection of pediatric massage in the treatment of anorexia. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study does not need to be reviewed by the Ethics Committee, because this paper is not a clinical study or a related experimental study, and this paper is only a literature study. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202130050.


Asunto(s)
Anorexia/terapia , Masaje/métodos , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Metaanálisis como Asunto , Pediatría/métodos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Proyectos de Investigación , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto , Resultado del Tratamiento
15.
Syst Rev ; 10(1): 127, 2021 04 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910623

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Massage is a popularly used complementary and alternative therapy. Previous randomised controlled trials have examined the effects of massage on children, and several systematic reviews have been conducted to synthesise these data. This study aims to assess and summarise the current evidence from published systematic reviews of controlled clinical trials on the practice of paediatric massage, specifically in infants and children aged < 5 years. METHODS: The online databases MEDLINE, Embase, Health Technology Assessment Database, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, Allied and Complementary Medicine, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang Data will be searched from the inception onwards for evidence of the treatment effects. We will include systematic reviews of randomised control trials evaluating the effects and safety of massage therapy in infants and children aged < 5 years. The primary outcomes will be any physical or psychological outcome, and adverse effects on children. Secondary outcomes will include any physical or psychological outcome on caregivers. Two reviewers will independently screen the articles for inclusion as per the eligibility criteria. They will extract information from the included studies and assess the methodological quality of the included studies. A table will be used to summarise of information of the included studies, which includes the basic information, method and findings. The methodological quality of the included systematic reviews will be assessed by A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews version 2 (AMSTAR 2). Extracted data from the included studies will be collected and presented using narrative approach. The pooled effect estimates for meta-analysed outcomes will be extracted when possible. If there is a discrepancy in results of two or more reviews on the same topic, then the causes of such discrepancy will be further explored. DISCUSSION: This overview of systematic reviews will summarise the current evidence on massage, specifically for infants and children aged < 5 years. We will comprehensively present the positive effects and adverse effects of this intervention. Findings from this overview will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: CRD42020186003 .


Asunto(s)
Terapias Complementarias , Masaje , Niño , Preescolar , China , Humanos , Lactante , Proyectos de Investigación , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto
16.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 12: 21501327211012942, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899582

RESUMEN

Maternal-infant bonding is an affective maternal-driven process that occurs primarily to her infant. Prophylactic interventions or treatment of disordered bonding include infant massage. Evidence suggests that oxytocin plays an important role in facilitation of mother-infant bonding. Main objective is to assess the effect of infant massage on salivary oxytocin level of mothers and their infant during postpartum period. And to assess the difference of oxytocin level in normal and disordered maternal-infant bonding. This study is a quasi-experimental study, carried out on 37 pairs of mothers and their infants from second to sixth month postpartum, attending Basateen Gharb primary health care center (PHC) in Albasateen district, Cairo, Egypt. Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) was used to differentiate between mothers with normal and disordered bonding. Pre and post massage salivary samples were taken from mothers and their infants. Tappan's technique of infant massage was used. Results showed that 48.6% (N = 18) of mothers had disordered maternal infant bonding. Mothers and infants with normal bonding showed a positive relationship with their salivary oxytocin level post massage. On the other hand, mothers and infants with disordered bonding showed no change in their salivary oxytocin level post massage. Salivary oxytocin level in male infants has decreased post massage, while oxytocin level in female infants has increased post massage in mothers with normal bonding. We concluded that infant massage increases salivary oxytocin level in mothers and infants with normal bonding and it has no effect on salivary oxytocin level of mothers and infants with disordered bonding.


Asunto(s)
Madres , Oxitocina , Egipto , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Masaje , Relaciones Madre-Hijo
17.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 31(3): 298-301, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775019

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of emollient therapy on gain in weight and length among preterm and low birth weight babies. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Pediatric Medicine, KEMU / Mayo Hospital Lahore, from January till June 2018. METHODOLOGY: Infants with birth weight between 1.5 and 2.5 Kgs or preterm neonates born between 28 and 37 completed weeks of gestation were included in the study. Neonates with genetic syndrome, infection or with a history of admission in NICU due to any reason, were excluded. They were randomly divided into two groups-A and B, by lottery method. Mothers of the neonates in group A were advised massage with sunflower oil; while mothers of the neonates in group B were advised massage without any emollient. Babies were closely followed up and their weight and length were measured at two months of age and were analysed using SPSS version 23.0. RESULTS: For 140 neonates, the mean increase in weight was 489.84 ± 297.48 grams among group-A neonates (emollient therapy group) and it was 373.43 ± 276.31 grams among group-B neonates (p = 0.018). The mean increase in length was 6.5 ± 1.1 cm, among group-A neonates and 4.8 ± 1.3 cm in group-B neonates (p ˂0.001).  Conclusion: Massage with emollient therapy leads to significantly more increase in weight and length compared to massage alone, among preterm and low birth weight neonates. Emollient therapy is an effective non-pharmacological intervention for increasing weight and length in low birth weight and preterm neonates. Key Words:  Emollient, Massage, Low birth weight, Preterm neonates, Weight, Length.


Asunto(s)
Emolientes , Recien Nacido Prematuro , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido de Bajo Peso , Recién Nacido , Masaje , Aumento de Peso
18.
Complement Ther Med ; 59: 102684, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609634

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hyperbilirubinemia is one of the most common problems in infancy in the world. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of foot therapy and body massage on physiological indicators and bilirubin levels in infants under phototherapy. METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial that conducted on 51 infants with jaundice at Imam Hussein Pediatrics' Medical Center, Goldis Hospital in Isfahan (Iran). The samples randomly assigned to first intervention (reflexology), second intervention (body massage) and control groups using the block randomization. In the reflexology group, the relevant area on each foot was massaged for 15 min in a relaxed position. In the massage body group, the limbs were massaged with circular motion. The massage was performed once a day for 15 min and the control group did not receive any intervention. Physiological indicators were monitored using vital sign monitoring tools, and blood bilirubin levels were measured photo metrically (intravenous blood samples from the wrist). Finally, the data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and SPSS software version 18. RESULTS: The results showed that before the intervention there was no significant difference in the mean of physiological indicators and bilirubin level between the three groups (p > 0.05), but after the intervention the average percentage of arterial oxygen saturation and bilirubin levels were significantly improved in the intervention groups compared to the control group (p < 0.05), while the mean of heart rate and respiration rate between the three groups were not significant (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results showed that reflexology and massage therapy can be effective in improving the condition of physiological indicators and blood bilirubin levels.

19.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 43: 101276, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548750

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a major public health problem. It affects the quality of life of many patients and their families and compromises physical and social functioning and psychological well-being. Non-pharmacological interventions are increasingly being used as a complement to chronic pain care. One of these interventions is Touch massage (TM) that can provide relaxation, comfort and well-being. In addition to its various physiological functions, TM can be used as a social communication tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cluster study with an exploratory qualitative part. Two groups will be considered: the experimental group will benefit from a TM delivered by trained members of care team and the control group will benefit from an intervention of the same duration with a foot massage device. At least 4 sessions will be delivered and spread over two weeks. Sample size calculation showed that 78 participants (39 per group) need to be included. As for the qualitative part, semi-structured interviews will be conducted to investigate the patients' perception of the intervention; focus groups will explore the satisfaction and general perception of the health care teams. EXPECTED RESULTS: Incorporating TM interventions into care planning could bring benefits in supporting patients suffering from chronic pain. TM is expected to increase the patients' feelings that their pain is seriously considered; physical and psychological support should help improve their sense of comfort and well-being and hence their quality of life. This practice might thus improve the caregiver-patient relationship with TM as a providing a new means of establishing communication through touch. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04295603, Registered on March 4, 2020.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Crónico , Tacto Terapéutico , Dolor Crónico/terapia , Humanos , Masaje , Calidad de Vida , Tacto
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(5): e23469, 2021 Feb 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592825

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is 1 of the diseases critically affecting the health of children. The spasmodic type is the most common, characterized by the increased muscular tension. It often leads to lifelong disability, bringing a heavy economic burden to families and society. As a key treatment in traditional Chinese medicine, pediatric massage has a significant clinical effect on cerebral palsy in children; however, high-quality randomized controlled studies are lacking. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of pediatric massage for children with spastic cerebral palsy. METHODS/DESIGN: The study will be a multicenter, single-blinded, randomized-controlled pilot trial. During the period from June 2019 to December 2020, 182 children with spastic cerebral palsy will be randomly divided into experimental and control groups in a 1:1 ratio. The experimental group will undergo the modified selective spinal massage method combined with the basic rehabilitation treatment, while only the basic rehabilitation treatment would be performed for the control group. The intervention period of the study will last 12 weeks, 5 days weekly on weekdays. The primary outcomes include a modified Ashworth scale assessment and gross motor function test. The secondary outcomes include the 4-diagnostic scale of Chinese medicine and children's intelligence. The observation index will be measured during the complete 12 weeks duration after the treatment of the child, that is, before treatment, after 4 weeks of treatment, after 8 weeks, and after 12 weeks of treatment. DISCUSSION: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of pediatric massage on children with spastic cerebral palsy; if the outcome is positive, it can provide a reference for the further promotion and application of pediatric massage in the treatment of spastic cerebral palsy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese ClinicalTrials.gov, ID: ChiCTR1900021666. Acupuncture-Moxibustion Clinical Trial Registry, AMCTR: (AMCTR-IPR-19000260) Registered on 04 March 2019.


Asunto(s)
Parálisis Cerebral/terapia , Masaje/métodos , Preescolar , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Lactante , Pruebas de Inteligencia , Masculino , Masaje/efectos adversos , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Método Simple Ciego
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