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1.
J Athl Train ; 56(10): 1100-1111, 2021 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662422

RESUMEN

CONTEXT: Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) is a popular myofascial intervention used by health care professionals. OBJECTIVE: To document IASTM clinical practice patterns among health care professionals in the United States. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Online survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 853 members of the National Athletic Trainers' Association (n = 249) and the American Physical Therapy Association (n = 604). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Responses to a 55-item electronic survey that assessed 4 areas, namely, IASTM training and experience, IASTM application, perception of IASTM in practice, and demographic information. RESULTS: Most (n = 705, 83%) of the 853 respondents used IASTM in their practice, and they had an average of 15 years of work experience. Approximately 86% (n = 731) reported completing some type of formal training, and 61% (n = 518) had completed some type of informal training. Respondents used >34 different IASTM tools. Seventy-one percent (n = 606) indicated either not knowing how to quantify the amount of force applied by the tool during treatment or not trying to quantify. Fifteen percent (n = 128) estimated a force ranging from 100 to 500g. The treatment time for a specific lesion and location ranged from 1 to ≤5 minutes, with an average total treatment time of 14.46 ± 14.70 minutes. Respondents used 31 different interventions before or after IASTM. Approximately 66% (n = 564) reported following treatment recommendations, and 19% (n = 162) described rarely or never following recommendations learned during training. A total of 94% (n = 801) recounted using some type of clinical outcome measure to assess their treatment. Cluster analysis identified 3 distinct cluster groupings among professionals, with most (89%, n = 729/818) indicating that IASTM was an effective treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This survey documented the IASTM practice patterns of health care professionals. Cluster profiles characterized group differences in IASTM training and clinical application. The gaps among research, clinical practice, and training need to be bridged to establish IASTM best practices.


Asunto(s)
Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina , Deportes , Estudios Transversales , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Masaje , Estados Unidos
2.
Clin J Oncol Nurs ; 25(5): 539-545, 2021 10 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533507

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pain and nausea affect a significant number of patients with cancer. Applying foot reflexology to this population has had some positive effects, but more studies are needed to confirm its efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of foot reflexology on pain and nausea among inpatients with cancer as compared to traditional nursing care alone. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted with adult patients with cancer hospitalized on a 24-bed inpatient oncology unit. Using convenience sampling, 40 patients provided consent and were randomized into either the intervention or control group. Each group had a treatment session of 20-25 minutes in which pre- and postsession surveys were completed, with reflexology performed in the intervention group only. FINDINGS: Results show that foot reflexology significantly decreases pain for inpatients with cancer as compared to traditional nursing care alone. Although the effects on nausea are not statistically significant, they may be clinically relevant; the mean changes in pre- and postsession nausea ratings indicate at least some decreased nausea among patients in the intervention group.

3.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(3): 327-331, 2021 May.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374248

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the effects and mechanisms of massage on the depressive behavior of rats with chronic stress. Methods: The rats were subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress for 21 days and then treated with massage for 14 days. They were divided into the following groups: blank control group, model group, massage group and fluoxetine group, with 10 rats in each group. The important acupoints of bladder meridian were massaged for 10 minutes every day (with an interval of 2 minutes, 2 times in total). Body weight, open field test, sucrose intake test and water maze test were used to evaluate the behavioral changes. The expressions of Erk/p-ERK (Extracellular signal-related kinases/Phosphorylation extracellular signal-related kinases) and BDNF in prefrontal cortex were detected by Western Blot. Results: The body weight, open field sucrose intake test and water maze data of the model group were significantly lower than those of the Control Group (P<0.01), and the contents of p-ERK and BDNF protein in prefrontal cortex were decreased significantly (P<0.01). The body weight, open field test, sucrose intake test and water maze test data of rats in massage group and fluoxetine group were significantly higher than those in model group(P<0.01). The contents of p-ERK and BDNF in frontal cortex were increased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01), especially in fluoxetine group (P<0.01). Conclusion: Massage may increase the phosphorylation level of ERK protein in hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, activate ERK signaling pathway, promote the expression of BDNF, and improve the depression behavior of chronic stress rats.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Estrés Psicológico , Animales , Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo/metabolismo , Depresión/terapia , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Masaje , Ratas , Ratas Sprague-Dawley
4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360032

RESUMEN

The aim of this research was to verify whether the application of percussion therapy during inter-set rest periods increases the number of repetitions performed before reaching a 30% velocity loss threshold during a bench press exercise. Methods: Twenty-four male university students participated in this study (24.3 ± 1.3 years; 77.5 ± 8.3 kg; 177.0 ± 5.6 cm; 24.7 ± 2.6 kg∙m-2). Participants were randomized into two groups: a percussion therapy group (PTG) and a control group (CG). They performed 4 sets at 70% of a one-repetition maximum before reaching a 30% velocity loss threshold with an inter-set recovery of 3 min. Results: The PTG performed a greater total number of repetitions compared to the CG (44.6 ± 4.8 vs. 39.5 ± 6.8; p = 0.047; ES = 0.867). No differences were observed for the different movement velocity variables and fatigue control (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Percussion therapy is an effective method to delay the loss of movement velocity in the bench press exercise.


Asunto(s)
Entrenamiento de Fuerza , Humanos , Masculino , Masaje , Fuerza Muscular , Músculo Esquelético , Percusión , Levantamiento de Peso
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360122

RESUMEN

Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) refers to painful cramps before and/or during menstruation. There is a need for emphasis on alternative methods of conservative treatment, so as to reduce the dependence on drugs for alleviating the symptoms. The aim was to find out the effectiveness of some physiotherapy techniques in the treatment of PD. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted according to PRISMA standards. The descriptors were "dysmenorrhea", "physical the-rapy", "physiotherapy", and "manual therapy". The search was performed in five databases: Scopus, PubMed, PEDro, Web of Science, and Medline, in February 2021. The inclusion criteria were randomized controlled trials over the last six years. Articles not related to the treatment of PD or using pharmacology as the main treatment were excluded. Nine articles met the objectives and criteria, with a total of 692 participants. The most used scale to measure pain was the VAS (visual analogue scale). The main techniques were isometric exercises, massage therapy, yoga, electrotherapy, connective tissue manipulation, stretching, kinesio tape, progressive relaxation exercises and aerobic dance. Meta-analysis shows benefits of physiotherapy treatment for pain relief compared with no intervention or placebo (MD: -1.13, 95% CI: -1.61 to -0.64, I2: 88%). The current low-quality evidence suggests that physiotherapy may provide a clinically significant reduction in menstrual pain intensity. Given the overall health benefits of physiotherapy and the low risk of side effects reported, women may consider using it, either alone or in conjunction with other therapeutic modalities.


Asunto(s)
Dismenorrea , Terapia por Estimulación Eléctrica , Dismenorrea/terapia , Terapia por Ejercicio , Femenino , Humanos , Masaje , Modalidades de Fisioterapia
6.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(8)2021 Aug 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362754

RESUMEN

A 35-year-old Chinese man with no risk factors for stroke presented with a 2-day history of expressive dysphasia and a 1-day history of right-sided weakness. The presentation was preceded by multiple sessions of neck, shoulder girdle and upper back massage for pain relief in the prior 2 weeks. CT of the brain demonstrated an acute left middle cerebral artery infarct and left internal carotid artery dissection. MRI cerebral angiogram confirmed left carotid arterial dissection and intimal oedema of bilateral vertebral arteries. In the absence of other vascular comorbidities and risk factors, massage-induced internal carotid arterial dissection will most likely precipitate the near-fatal cerebrovascular event. The differential diagnosis of stroke in a younger population was consequently reviewed and discussed.


Asunto(s)
Disección de la Arteria Carótida Interna , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Disección de la Arteria Vertebral , Adulto , Disección de la Arteria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagen , Disección de la Arteria Carótida Interna/etiología , Disección , Humanos , Masculino , Masaje , Accidente Cerebrovascular/etiología , Disección de la Arteria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagen , Disección de la Arteria Vertebral/etiología
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(30): e26794, 2021 Jul 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397733

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil consists of 8-12 carbons with higher absorption and provides better calories than long-chain triglyceride oil. This study was to explore the effect of MCT oil massage on growth in preterm infants. METHODS: A prospective, single-blind, randomized (two treatments and one control) study was conducted. Preterm infants weighing between 1500 and 2000 g were recruited and randomly assigned to three groups: the MCT oil massage, massage alone and no massage groups. The standardized massage intervention consisted of two 5-min phases, including tactile and kinesthetic stimulation, which were given three times a day for 7 consecutive days. Premature infants in the oil massage group received massage with 10 mL/kg/day of MCT oil divided equally into three applications. Weight, length and head circumference were measured in the three groups at birth and on study days 1 to 7. RESULTS: Forty-eight neonates were evaluated with 16 in each of three groups. The linear mixed effect model was adjusted for other factors, and results showed that weight gain on the 4th day in the oil massage group was greater than that in the no massage group (P < .05). From the 5th to 7th day, weight gain in the oil massage group was greater than that in the other two groups (P < .05). Regarding head circumference and height, this study found that the MCT oil massage group did not have better results than the other two groups. No adverse events were noted in the massage groups. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that preterm infant daily massage with MCT oil is an effective intervention for weight gain that should be recognized as part of low-birth-weight infant developmental care. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT04281563, Registered on 24 February 2020.


Asunto(s)
Recien Nacido Prematuro/crecimiento & desarrollo , Masaje , Triglicéridos , Desarrollo Infantil , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Masculino
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26925, 2021 Aug 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397936

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Athletic injuries have been a major area of interest in the field of sports and clinical medicine. Implemented on people's skin, muscles, and joints as an important part of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), massage therapy has a positive effect on athletic injuries. This protocol is to provide the methods used to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of massage therapy for patients with athletic injuries. METHODS: A systematic search will be performed in the following electronic databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of massage therapy in treating athletic injuries: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE and four Chinese databases (CNKI, Wan Fang, CBMdisc and VIP). Each database will be searched from inception to July 2021. The entire process will include study selection, data extraction, risk of bias assessment and meta-analysis. RESULTS: A high-quality synthesis of current evidence of massage therapy for patients with athletic injuries will be provided. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review will provide evidence for assessing the credibility of massage therapy for patients with athletic injuries. DISSEMINATION AND ETHICS: The results of this review will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publication. This review does not require ethical approval because all the data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis have already been published. Furthermore, all of these data will be analyzed anonymously during the review process. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202170066.


Asunto(s)
Traumatismos en Atletas/terapia , Masaje/métodos , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento
9.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 27: 103-112, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391221

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Maintaining flexibility, often defined as range of motion (ROM), is important. Recently, self-massage using a foam roller (FR) has been used in clinical and/or sports settings to effectively and immediately improve ROM. Many studies have found significant increases in ROM following the FR intervention; however, the mechanism of the effect is unclear. We aimed to clarify this mechanism regarding the ROM effects following the FR intervention by evaluating local tissue and autonomic nervous system responses. METHOD: The study employed a crossover design that included a comparison between non-intervention (CON trial: left leg) and intervention (FR trial: right leg) groups. Fourteen volunteers participated. Nine outcomes (passive maximum ankle ROM [ROM with a specified and non-specified passive strength], tissue hardness, skin temperature, water contents, circumference, blood flow velocity, pressure pain threshold, autonomic nervous system, and heart rate) were investigated before (PRE) and 0 min (POST0), 20 min (POST20), 40 min (POST40), and 60 min (POST60) post intervention. RESULTS: Skin temperature, impedance, and circumference changed significantly following the intervention, and increased ROM with non-specified strength was observed. DISCUSSION: Although we found that the FR intervention influenced skin temperature, impedance, circumference, and ROM, adaptability to the intervention may differ depending on an individual's characteristics. Females and/or individuals with a high body water content could obtain greater positive ROM effects than males and/or individuals with a low body water content. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the FR intervention may be an effective method to improve ROM, with alterations of skin temperature, impedance, and circumference.


Asunto(s)
Masaje , Músculo Esquelético , Tobillo , Articulación del Tobillo , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Rango del Movimiento Articular
10.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 27: 16-25, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391228

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic scoliosis is associated, among others, to muscular imbalance, functional limitations, and the most prevalent, back pain. The treatments usually applied are exercise, bracing or surgery. The objective of corrective exercise is to reduce symptoms and improve functional capacity and quality of life. Myofascial release (MFR) or Self-Myofascial release (SMFR) are manual techniques, intended to restore optimal muscle and fascia length, decrease pain, and improve function. PURPOSE: to analyze the effects of MFR and postural control programs in lower back pain and scoliosis curves. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted in high quality databases to identify the existing evidence of the effects of MFR and postural control on reducing back pain and scoliosis curves. RESULTS: Seventeen studies met inclusion criteria. 533 subjects and 94 MFR/SMFR applied interventions lasting one to 24 weeks/sessions were identified. Ten studies used MFR, six SMFR and one mixes techniques. Seven MFR and five SMFR studies shown positive result. One study using MFR and one using SMFR applied also postural control exercises. MFR was useful to reduce back pain in all studies included that aimed in that matter. In addition, 12 studies reported improvements in flexibility and/or stiffness reduction, and two studies observed improvements in postural control and balance. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of MFR and postural control programs might be suitable for reducing scoliosis and back pain. However, due to the reduced number of studies and the relatively small sample sizes used, results may be carefully interpreted, and more studies are needed.


Asunto(s)
Dolor de la Región Lumbar , Manipulación Osteopática , Escoliosis , Humanos , Masaje , Calidad de Vida
11.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 27: 426-435, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391267

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Pain-inducing massage results in greater pain inhibition than pain free massage, suggesting a mechanism dependent on conditioned pain modulation (CPM). The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that pain inducing massage produces similar magnitude of reduction in pain sensitivity as a cold pressor task and that baseline conditioned pain modulation efficiency predicts pain inducing massage related hypoalgesia. METHODS: Sixty healthy participants were randomly assigned to receive either pain inducing massage to the neck, cold pressor task to the hand, or pain free massage to the neck. Participants also underwent pre and immediate post-intervention quantitative sensory testing. A repeated measures ANCOVA determined between group differences in pain sensitivity changes. RESULTS: Pain inducing massage used as a conditioning stimulus resulted in comparable experimental pain sensitivity changes as a cold pressor task (p > 0.05). Pain intensity during the intervention demonstrated a weak correlation (r = 0.20, p = 0.12) with changes in pain sensitivity at a remote site. Individuals with an efficient CPM at baseline who received the pain inducing massage displayed greater increases in pressure pain threshold compared to individuals with a less efficient CPM indicating the potential benefit of treatment stratification by mechanism. CONCLUSION: Although pain inducing massage resulted in less self-reported pain than a cold pressor task, both resulted in similar magnitude of the CPM response, suggesting shared underlying mechanisms. Understanding mechanisms of interventions can move us closer to mechanistic based treatments for pain which is consistent with a personalized medicine approach to care.


Asunto(s)
Umbral del Dolor , Dolor , Voluntarios Sanos , Humanos , Masaje , Dimensión del Dolor , Método Simple Ciego
12.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 27: 48-54, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391275

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Depressed level of consciousness and delirium are associated with multiple complications in cognitive, perceptual and sensory functions in the patients of the intensive care units. The present study aimed to determine the effect of foot massage by a nurse and patient's family on the level of consciousness and delirium in patients admitted to the intensive care units (ICU). METHODS: This was a randomized parallel single-blind controlled trial. Seventy-five ICU were assigned in three groups (massage by a nurse, massage by patient's family and control group) by stratified block randomization method. Both feet were massaged with Swedish massage (10 min) once a day for six days by a nurse or patient's family. Delirium and level of consciousness was measured before, and post-intervention. RESULTS: The mean level of consciousness in all the three groups increased significantly one-week post-intervention. However, there was no significant difference in the level of consciousness among the three groups during the study. The frequency of delirium in the massage group by the family was 20% before the intervention, which decreased to 12% after intervention. In the massage group by a nurse and control group, 16% of the samples had delirium before the intervention. After the intervention, the prevalence of delirium was 8% in the massage group by a nurse, and it decreased to 12% in the control group, none of which was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The use of Swedish foot massage did not change the level of consciousness and delirium of patients admitted to the ICU.


Asunto(s)
Estado de Conciencia , Delirio , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Masaje , Método Simple Ciego
13.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 27: 647-653, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391301

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is the most common form of muscle disorders. Traditional Thai massage (TM) and muscle energy (ME) technique have been used to treat patients with MPS for long time but head-to-head comparisons of these interventions have not been established. AIM: The aim of the current study was to compare the effects of TM and the ME technique on pain intensity (PI), pressure pain threshold (PPT), neck disability (ND), and neck flexion range of motion (NFROM) in patients with chronic neck pain associated with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). DESIGN: A randomized, single-blinded clinical trial. SETTING: Department of Physical Therapy, School of Integrative Medicine, Mae Fah Luang University. POPULATION: Forty-five patients with chronic neck pain associated with MTrPs were recruited. METHODS: The patients were randomly allocated to the TM, ME, or control groups, with each having eight treatment sessions over a period of two weeks. PI, PPT, ND, and NFROM were assessed before, immediately after the first treatment session, and one day after the last treatment session. RESULTS: Based on the results, both TM and the ME technique resulted in a significant improvement in all parameters (p < 0.05) compared to the control group. Additionally, no significant difference was observed between TM and the ME technique in all parameters. CONCLUSIONS: The application of TM or the ME technique can be a practical alternative approach for the treatment of chronic neck pain associated with MTrPs.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Crónico , Síndromes del Dolor Miofascial , Dolor Crónico/terapia , Humanos , Masaje , Músculos , Síndromes del Dolor Miofascial/terapia , Dolor de Cuello/terapia , Umbral del Dolor , Tailandia , Resultado del Tratamiento , Puntos Disparadores
14.
J Trop Pediatr ; 67(3)2021 07 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213538

RESUMEN

Infant massage is a highly prevalent traditional practice in India and other parts of Asia. Clear guidance on safe and effective uses of infant massage is lacking especially in the contemporary times when the traditional knowledge is on the verge of extinction and preparations may differ from in the past. This paper presents a consensus guidance in the form of a standardized protocol for routine massage of infants in home settings. Furthermore, a feasible method to develop an integrative protocol involving traditional and modern medicine experts is described. A modified e-Delphi method was used to develop the protocol. A group of seventeen experts, including academicians and practitioners from disciplines as modern paediatrics, Ayurveda paediatrics, Physiotherapy and Naturopathy participated in three rounds of a Delphi study to evolve the consensus guidance. The present protocol for massage of infants born beyond 34 weeks of gestation and weighing above 1.8 kg is recommended for use by care givers. This provides guidance on the preparation for infant massage such as when to begin massaging the infant, checking fitness of the infant for massage, the appropriate time, environment, person and substance for infant massage and a detailed description of the procedure for infant massage. Paediatricians, obstetricians and other child care practitioners can use this protocol to guide care givers on how to peform infant massage.


Asunto(s)
Masaje , Niño , Consenso , Humanos , India , Lactante
15.
Clin Obstet Gynecol ; 64(3): 648-660, 2021 09 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323238

RESUMEN

Massage is systematic touch and manipulation of the soft tissues of the body that is increasingly being used as an adjunctive therapy for stress relief and to promote relaxation and wellbeing during pregnancy and as an alternative to pharmacologic or invasive forms of analgesia during labor. Literature to support the use of massage in pregnancy and labor is limited; however, evidence to support its use has been increasing over the past 30 years. Massage has been shown to be valuable to pregnant women with anxiety, depression, leg, and back pain, and has shown significant benefit in perception of pain during labor.


Asunto(s)
Trabajo de Parto , Masaje , Ansiedad/terapia , Femenino , Humanos , Manejo del Dolor , Periodo Posparto , Embarazo
16.
Infant Behav Dev ; 64: 101604, 2021 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274848

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Infant massage, in which mothers stroke their infant's skin slowly and gently, can cause pleasant sensations in the infant that can be affected by the velocity of massage. However, the massage velocity at which infants feel the most pleasant sensations remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of massage velocity on heart rate (HR) and HR variability (HRV) in healthy infants. METHOD: Twenty-two infant-mother dyads two to seven months of age were recruited. Mothers stroked their infant's skin at three massage velocities (5.0, 7.5, and 10.0 cm/s) in a randomized order for 15 min. The rhythm of massage velocity was calculated according to the length of three body areas. The massage velocity of the mothers was regulated using a metronome. HR and HRV (high frequency [HF] and low frequency [LF]) were measured at rest and during massage for each velocity. The effects on pleasantness were evaluated using percent change in median baseline value compared with median values for the three massage velocities. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance mixed effect models to exclude "period" and "carryover" effects during massage. RESULTS: When measuring HF, massage (7.5 cm/s) caused a significant increase in pleasantness compared with 10.0 cm/s (p = 0.04). The HR and LF/HF ratio were not significantly changed between velocities. CONCLUSION: Results of this study suggested that a massage velocity of 7.5 cm/s was the most pleasant for infants. Future research should investigate the relationship between an infant massage by optimal velocity and infant development in longitudinal studies.


Asunto(s)
Masaje , Madres , Niño , Desarrollo Infantil , Estudios Cruzados , Femenino , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Humanos , Lactante
17.
J Evid Based Integr Med ; 26: 2515690X211030852, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293959

RESUMEN

Myofascial pain syndrome is a common problem that can develop at any age. This study compares the efficacy of the court-type traditional Thai massage (CTTM) to the Thai hermit exercise (THE) in improving the cervical range of motion (CROM) and reducing pain in the upper trapezius muscle. In this study, 46 patient subjects were randomized into 2 groups, with 1 group administered CTTM and the other administered THE. Prior to and following the experiment, their demographic characteristics, pain levels and CROM were measured using a visual analog scale (VAS) and a goniometer, respectively. Data was then analyzed using descriptive statistics, percentage, mean, and standard deviation, as well as inferential statistics. The findings indicate that subjects in both groups demonstrated significantly lower pain and significantly better CROM (P < 0.05). In terms of comparative treatment between the CTTM and THE groups, the results were not found to differ in the range of motion, but a clear difference in pain level measured by VAS was found, in which CTTM provides a better way of reducing pain at the trigger point than THE (P < 0.05). From the findings, it can be concluded that both CTTM and THE are comparably efficacious therapies for myofascial pain in the upper trapezius muscle.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Ejercicio/métodos , Masaje/métodos , Síndromes del Dolor Miofascial/terapia , Dolor de Cuello/terapia , Músculos Superficiales de la Espalda/fisiopatología , Humanos , Dolor de Cuello/fisiopatología , Dimensión del Dolor , Rango del Movimiento Articular/fisiología
18.
Yonsei Med J ; 62(8): 717-725, 2021 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296549

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Muscle relaxation following electrical automatic massage (EAM) has been found to reduce fatigue, depression, stress, anxiety, and pain in individuals with various conditions. However, the effects of EAM have not been extensively explored in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here, we conducted a randomized controlled study to evaluate the effects of EAM on the cognitive and non-cognitive functions of patients with AD spectrum disorders. RESULTS: We found that EAM attenuated changes in attention-associated cognitive scores and subjective sleep quality relative to those in controls. CONCLUSION: While further studies in a clinical setting are needed to support our findings, these encouraging results suggest that EAM may be an alternative therapy for the management of associated symptoms in AD (ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03507192, 24/04/2018).


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/terapia , Ansiedad/terapia , Cognición , Humanos , Masaje , Sueño
20.
Curr Sports Med Rep ; 20(7): 351-358, 2021 Jul 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234090

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Passive recovery techniques are popular and offer a diverse spectrum of options for athletes and the clinicians providing care for them. These techniques are intended to minimize the negative effects of training or competition, thus enabling the athlete a quicker return to peak performance. Current evidence demonstrates improved athlete recovery with compression garments, cold water immersion, partial body cryotherapy, hyperbaric oxygen, and vibratory therapies. Other popular modalities, such as compression devices, whole body cryotherapy, percussive gun-assisted therapy, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, and pulsed electromagnetic therapy lack convincing evidence concerning athlete recovery. This article seeks to review the current literature and offer the reader an updated understanding of the mechanisms for each modality and the evidence regarding each modality's potential benefit in an athlete's recovery strategy.


Asunto(s)
Atletas , Rendimiento Atlético/fisiología , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Recuperación de la Función/fisiología , Vestuario , Crioterapia/métodos , Terapia por Estimulación Eléctrica/métodos , Humanos , Oxigenación Hiperbárica , Inmersión , Terapia de Campo Magnético , Masaje/métodos , Mialgia/fisiopatología , Mialgia/terapia , Vibración/uso terapéutico
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