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Pers Individ Dif ; 170: 110419, 2021 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052156


A coronavirus pandemic hit the world and Poland was no exception. The present research sought to investigate different factors associated with coronavirus-related anxiety during the COVID-19 outbreak in Poland. More specifically, COVID-19-related risk perceptions, beliefs, precautionary actions, information sources, and anxiety level were studied on general population (N = 1069) in Poland between March 29th and April 17th 2020. Multiple regression was used to examine the significant predictions of anxiety. Data revealed that anxiety in response to the COVID-19 was common in the sample. Major predictors of higher anxiety related to the pandemic outbreak included demographic factors, like being female, being older, being married or cohabiting, and having children. Additionally, greater anxiety was reported among people who reported chronic illnesses and generally worse health condition. From COVID-19 related factors, higher frequency of recommended protective behaviors, greater perceived risk of infection, greater likelihood of contacting COVID-19 during the current outbreak, greater amounts of information about COVID-19 received from various sources, and very little or lack of belief that degree of catching COVID-19 depends on one's own behavior predicted greater anxiety among individuals.

Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730915


In December 2019, the first case of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19) infection was reported. In only few weeks it has caused a global pandemic, with mortality reaching 3.4%, mostly due to a severe pneumonia. However, the impact of SARS-CoV-2 virus on the central nervous system (CNS) and mental health outcomes remains unclear. Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of other types of coronaviruses in the brain, especially in the brainstem. There is evidence that the novel coronavirus can penetrate CNS through the olfactory or circulatory route as well as it can have an indirect impact on the brain by causing cytokine storm. There are also first reports of neurological signs in patients infected by the SARS-Cov-2. They show that COVID-19 patients have neurologic manifestations like acute cerebrovascular disease, conscious disturbance, taste and olfactory disturbances. In addition, there are studies showing that certain psychopathological symptoms might appear in infected patients, including those related to mood and psychotic disorders as well as post-traumatic stress disorder. Accumulating evidence also indicates that the pandemic might have a great impact on mental health from the global perspective, with medical workers being particularly vulnerable. In this article, we provide a review of studies investigating the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 on the CNS and mental health outcomes. We describe neurobiology of the virus, highlighting the relevance to mental disorders. Furthermore, this article summarizes the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 from the public health perspective. Finally, we present a critical appraisal of evidence and indicate future directions for studies in this field.

Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Salud Mental , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Betacoronavirus , Encéfalo/virología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/complicaciones , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/complicaciones , Trastornos Mentales/etiología , Enfermedades del Sistema Nervioso/etiología , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/complicaciones , Resultado del Tratamiento
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771337


BACKGROUND: Psychological suffering by health professionals may be associated with the uncertainty of a safe workplace. Front-line professionals exposed and involved in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 patients are more susceptible. METHOD: This review was conducted based on papers that were published at MEDLINE, BMJ, PsycINFO, and LILACS, the according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA). RESULTS: Health professionals had a higher level of anxiety (13.0 vs. 8.5%, p < 0.01, OR = 1.6152; 95%CI 1.3283 to 1.9641; p < 0.0001) and depression 12.2 vs. 9.5%; p = 0.04; OR = 1.3246; 95%CI 1.0930 to 1.6053; p = 0.0042), besides somatizations and insomnia compared to professionals from other areas. CONCLUSION: Health professionals, regardless of their age, showed significant levels of mental disorders. We observed a prevalence of anxiety and depression. Insomnia was a risk factor for both.

Infecciones por Coronavirus , Personal de Salud/psicología , Trastornos Mentales/etiología , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Enfermedades Profesionales/etiología , Enfermedades Profesionales/psicología , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología , Enfermedades Profesionales/epidemiología , Prevalencia , Estrés Psicológico
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777327


BACKGROUND: Health professionals are key personnel to containing infectious diseases like COVID-19. In the face of long work shifts (that reach 16 h per day on average), the risk of getting infected by a high-infectious disease and the lack of enough biological protection measures, mental suffering among health professionals suddenly became evident. METHOD: We carried out an updated meta-analysis to investigate the psychiatric impacts on health professionals in the face of the physical and psychological conditions to which they are subjected due to the high demands of the COVID-19 pandemic. Papers were researched in four databases from December 2019 to April 2020. In total, eight papers were included in the study. RESULTS: Health professionals working to fight COVID-19 are being more severely affected by psychiatric disorders associated with depression, anxiety, distress and insomnia, stress, and indirect traumatization than other occupational groups. No significant differences were observed in the publication bias. CONCLUSION: There is a strong association between health professionals and COVID-19 in terms of psychiatric repercussions. Our meta-analysis showed that health professionals have a higher level of indirect traumatization, in which the level of damage exceeds psychological and emotional tolerance and indirectly results in psychological abnormalities. The incidence of obsessive-compulsive traces and somatizations was higher in situations involving front-line professionals.

Infecciones por Coronavirus , Trastornos Mentales/etiología , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Enfermedades Profesionales/etiología , Enfermedades Profesionales/psicología , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Ansiedad/etiología , Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/etiología , Depresión/psicología , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Distrés Psicológico , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/etiología , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología
Pers Individ Dif ; 170: 110420, 2021 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082614


The COVID-19 pandemic may be one of the greatest modern societal challenges that requires widespread collective action and cooperation. While a handful of actions can help reduce pathogen transmission, one critical behavior is to self-isolate. Public health messages often use persuasive language to change attitudes and behaviors, which can evoke a wide range of negative and positive emotional responses. In a U.S. representative sample (N = 955), we presented two messages that leveraged either threatening or prosocial persuasive language, and measured self-reported emotional reactions and willingness to self-isolate. Although emotional responses to the interventions were highly heterogeneous, personality traits known to be linked with distinct emotional experiences (extraversion and neuroticism) explained significant variance in the arousal response. While results show that both types of appeals increased willingness to self-isolate (Cohen's d = 0.41), compared to the threat message, the efficacy of the prosocial message was more dependent on the magnitude of the evoked emotional response on both arousal and valence dimensions. Together, these results imply that prosocial appeals have the potential to be associated with greater compliance if they evoke highly positive emotional responses.

Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 20(3): 183-191, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-190835


BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The outbreak of COVID-19 and the lack of vaccine made extraordinary actions such as social distancing necessary. While some individuals experience the restrictions on daily life as a heavy burden, others adapt to the situation and try to make the best of it. The present longitudinal study investigated the extent and predictors of the burden induced by the outbreak of COVID-19 in Germany. METHOD: Data were assessed in October 2019 using the DASS-21 and the PMH-Scale, and in March 2020 adding a six-item measure of burden and a 2-item rating of sense of control. RESULTS: In a sample of 436 participants, about 28% stayed in self-quarantine, 22 persons had relevant symptoms and one person was positively tested for COVID-19. Most participants experienced medium to high levels of burden but tried to make the best of it. Stress symptoms in 2019 predicted a higher level of burden and PMH predicted a lower level of burden in March 2020. Remarkably, depression and anxiety symptoms did not significantly predict burden. The protective effect of PMH and the negative impact of stress symptoms were mediated by perceived sense of control. CONCLUSIONS: The results emphasize the protective effect of PMH in extraordinary situations such as the current outbreak of COVID-19

ANTECEDENTES/OBJETIVO: El brote COVID-19 y la falta de vacuna hicieron necesarias acciones extraordinarias como la distancia social. Algunas personas experimentan las restricciones en la vida diaria como sobrecarga emocional y otras se adaptan a la situación, tratando de sacar lo mejor de ella. Se investigó el alcance y predictores de sobrecarga emocional inducida por el COVID-19 en Alemania. MÉTODO: Se evaluaron niveles de estrés y salud mental positiva en octubre de 2019 con DASS-21 y Escala-PMH, y en marzo de 2020, agregando medidas de sobrecarga emocional y percepción de control. RESULTADOS: En una muestra de 436 participantes, el 28% permaneció en cuarentena, 22 personas tuvieron síntomas relevantes y una dio positivo en COVID-19. La mayoría experimentaron niveles de sobrecarga emocional medio-alto, aunque trataron de sobrellevar la situación lo mejor posible. Los síntomas de estrés en octubre 2019 predijeron un nivel de sobrecarga más elevado en marzo 2020 y, contrariamente, los niveles de salud mental positiva en octubre 2019 predijeron un menor nivel de sobrecarga emocional en marzo 2020. Sorprendentemente, los síntomas de depresión y ansiedad no predijeron la sensación de sobrecarga posterior. El efecto protector de la salud mental positiva y el impacto negativo de los síntomas de estrés fueron mediados por la percepción de control. CONCLUSIONES: Se resalta el efecto protector de la salud mental positiva en situaciones extraordinarias como el brote COVID-19

Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Pandemias , Cuarentena/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Ansiedad/psicología , Estudios Longitudinales , Estudios Prospectivos , Alemania Occidental/epidemiología
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e51821, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1117686


Objetivo: compreender a vivência do enfrentamento e repercussões da COVID-19, na percepção de mulheres em tratamento oncológico. Método: estudo qualitativo, do tipo ação-participante, fundamentado no Itinerário de Pesquisa de Paulo Freire, que possui três fases: Investigação Temática; Codificação e Descodificação; Desvelamento Crítico. Foi realizado Círculo de Cultura virtual, com a participação de 12 mulheres em tratamento do câncer de mama, de diferentes localidades do Brasil. Resultados: no Círculo de Cultura virtual discutiram dois temas: desafios no enfrentamento do câncer e da COVID-19; aprendizados gerados nessa vivência, considerando um renascimento das próprias cinzas. Considerações finais: o momento pandêmico tem instigado reflexões sobre o viver. Assim, as mulheres em tratamento oncológico e também em restrição social puderam expressar seus sentimentos, descobrindo e redescobrindo fragilidades e fortalezas para ressignificar e crescer como seres, em uma sociedade, que pode e deve articular estratégias para promoção da saúde.

Objective: to understand the experience of coping with COVID-19, as perceived by women undergoing cancer treatment. Method: qualitative, participatory action research based on the three phases of Paulo Freire's Research Itinerary: Thematic Investigation; Coding and Decoding; and Critical Unveiling. A Culture Circle was held online with 12 women from different places in Brazil undergoing breast cancer treatment. Results: in the virtual Culture Circle, they discussed two themes: challenges in coping with cancer and COVID-10; and learning generated in that experience, with a view to rebirth from their own ashes. Final considerations: the pandemic has prompted thinking about living. Accordingly, women undergoing cancer treatment and also under social restrictions were able to express their feelings, and in discovering and rediscovering weaknesses and strengths, to resignify themselves and to grow in a society that can and should deploy strategies for health promotion.

Objetivo: comprender la experiencia de afrontamiento del COVID-19, según la perciben las mujeres en tratamiento oncológico. Método: investigación-acción cualitativa y participativa basada en las tres fases del Itinerario de Investigación de Paulo Freire: Investigación Temática; Codificación y decodificación; y revelación crítica. Se realizó un Círculo Cultural en línea con 12 mujeres de diferentes lugares de Brazil sometidas a tratamiento contra el cáncer de mama. Resultados: en el Círculo de Cultura virtual se discutieron dos temas: desafíos en el afrontamiento del cáncer y COVID-10; y el aprendizaje generado en esa experiencia, con miras a renacer de sus propias cenizas. Consideraciones finales: la pandemia ha llevado a pensar en vivir. En consecuencia, las mujeres en tratamiento oncológico y también bajo restricciones sociales pudieron expresar sus sentimientos, y al descubrir y redescubrir debilidades y fortalezas, resignificarse y crecer en una sociedad que puede y debe desplegar estrategias de promoción de la salud.

Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Cuarentena/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Promoción de la Salud , Aprendizaje , Brasil , Proceso Salud-Enfermedad , Telemedicina , Investigación Cualitativa , Emociones , Acontecimientos que Cambian la Vida
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: 49923, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1097213


Objetivo: refletir sobre as intervenções/ações de cuidado em saúde mental voltados aos profissionais da saúde que prestam assistência ao paciente suspeito ou diagnosticado com COVID-19. Conteúdo: A pandemia de COVID-19 traz o desafio para profissionais da saúde em lidar com sua própria saúde mental e a dos pacientes. É fundamental conhecer e refletir sobre iniciativas que países apresentam para lidar com a manutenção da saúde mental de profissionais da saúde em tempos de pandemia e que contribuem para repensar o planejamento, execução e avaliação de estratégias a serem utilizadas no Brasil. Considerações finais: foi possível elencar ações em saúde mental que têm se mostrado assertivas no cuidado aos trabalhadores de saúde, atuantes na ponta do cuidado, sobretudo as baseadas no esclarecimento da doença, uso adequado de equipamentos de proteção individual, além do mapeamento daqueles profissionais fragilizados emocionalmente e/ou com sofrimento mental anterior à pandemia, além do suporte emocional oferecido por meio de plataformas digitais.

Objective: to reflect on mental health care interventions/actions aimed at health professionals who provide assistance to patients suspected or diagnosed with COVID-19. Content: The COVID-19 pandemic challenges health professionals to lead with their own and patients' mental health. It is essential to know and to reflect about countries' initiatives to deal with health professional's mental health maintenance in times of pandemic, and to help to re-think strategies planning, execution and evaluation to be used in Brazil. Final considerations: it was possible to list actions in mental health that have shown to be assertive in the care of health workers who are in the front line of caring, especially those based on clarifying the disease, appropriate use of individual protective equipment, in addition to mapping those emotionally weakened professionals and or with mental suffering prior to the pandemic, in addition to the emotional support offered through digital platforms.

Objetivo: reflexionar sobre las intervenciones/acciones de atención de salud mental dirigidas a profesionales de la salud que prestan asistencia a pacientes sospechosos o diagnosticados con COVID-19. Contenido: La pandemia COVID-19 desafía a los profesionales de la salud a hacer frente con la salud mental propia y de los pacientes. Es esencial conocer y reflexionar sobre las iniciativas de los países para enfrentar al mantenimiento de la salud mental de los profesionales de la salud en tiempos de pandemia, y para ayudar a repensar la planificación, ejecución y evaluación de estrategias que se utilizarán en Brasil. Consideraciones finales: fue posible enumerar acciones en salud mental que han demostrado ser asertivas en la atención de los trabajadores de salud que trabajan en la primera línea de atención de la salud, especialmente aquellos basados en la aclaración de la enfermedad, el uso apropiado de equipos de protección individual, además de mapear aquellos profesionales debilitados emocionalmente y / o con sufrimiento mental antes de la pandemia, además del apoyo emocional ofrecido a través de plataformas digitales.

Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Salud Mental/normas , Personal de Salud/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Betacoronavirus , Brasil , Salud Laboral , Difusión de la Información , Equipo de Protección Personal
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20200119, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1115946


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the actions performed by nurses from the mobile pre-hospital service before, during, and after consultations and transfers of suspected and/or confirmed patients of Covid-19, and the limitations found by these professionals on reducing exposure to the disease. Method: a descriptive-reflective study about the actions performed by nurses from the mobile pre-hospital service in a capital city in southern Brazil to increase safety during consultations or transfers of suspected and/or confirmed patients of Covid-19. Results: the study allowed us to reflect on the multidimensionality of actions necessary for the prevention and control of the pandemic. Attitudes were identified to ensure instrumental safety in mobile units, professional safety, and patient safety in mobile pre-hospital care. Conclusion: regarding the nurses, concern with the safety of the professionals and patients was identified, since they adopted conducts for the prevention and control of the pandemic through the use of equipment, materials, and preparation of the ambulance. Subjective aspects of the professionals involved must be considered, such as technical and psychological preparation, which is a fundamental aspect both for serving the population and for the safety of the patient and the professional in terms of exposure to the virus.

RESUMEN Objetivo: describir las acciones llevadas a cabo por enfermeros del servicio prehospitalario móvil antes, durante y después de consultas y transferencias de pacientes sospechosos y/o confirmados respecto del Covid-19 y las limitaciones encontradas por estos profesionales para reducir la exposición a la enfermedad. Método: estudio descriptivo-reflexivo sobre las acciones realizadas por enfermeros del servicio móvil prehospitalario en una ciudad capital del sur de Brasil para aumentar la seguridad durante las consultas o transferencias de pacientes sospechosos y / o confirmados de Covid-19. Resultados: el estudio nos permitió reflexionar sobre el carácter multidimensional de las acciones necesarias para la prevención y el control de la pandemia. Se identificaron conductas para garantizar la seguridad instrumental en las unidades móviles, la seguridad profesional y la seguridad del paciente en la atención prehospitalaria móvil. Conclusión: de parte de los enfermeros, se identificó una preocupación por la seguridad de los profesionales y pacientes, ya que adoptaron conductas para la prevención y el control de la pandemia mediante el uso de equipos, materiales y preparación de la ambulancia. Se deben considerar los aspectos subjetivos de los profesionales involucrados, como la preparación técnica y psicológica, que es un aspecto fundamental tanto para atender a la población como para la seguridad del paciente y del profesional en términos de exposición al virus.

RESUMO Objetivo: descrever as ações realizadas por enfermeiros do serviço pré-hospitalar móvel antes, durante e após atendimentos e transferências de pacientes suspeitos e/ou confirmados para Covid-19 e as limitações encontradas por esses profissionais para diminuir a exposição à doença. Método: estudo descritivo-reflexivo acerca das ações realizadas por enfermeiros do serviço pré-hospitalar móvel de uma capital no Sul do Brasil para aumentar a segurança durante os atendimentos ou transferências de pacientes suspeitos e/ou confirmados para Covid-19. Resultados: o estudo permitiu refletir sobre a multidimensionalidade de ações necessárias para prevenção e controle da pandemia. Foram identificadas condutas para garantir a segurança instrumental nas unidades móveis, a segurança profissional e a segurança do paciente em atendimento pré-hospitalar móvel. Conclusão: por parte dos enfermeiros, identificou-se preocupação com a segurança dos profissionais e pacientes, uma vez que adotaram condutas para a prevenção e controle da pandemia mediante a utilização de equipamentos, materiais e preparo da ambulância. Aspectos subjetivos dos profissionais envolvidos devem ser considerados, como o preparo técnico e psicológico, sendo este um aspecto fundamental tanto para o atendimento à população como para a segurança do paciente e do profissional na exposição ao vírus.

Humanos , Enfermería de Urgencia , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Seguridad del Paciente , Enfermeras Practicantes , Atención de Enfermería
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 32(4): 490-500, nov. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET5-2166


BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has highlighted the importance of studying the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health. The aim of this study is to examine the role of age in the early psychological responses to the pandemic in a Spanish community sample, focusing on how different generations coped with it. METHOD: An online survey was conducted during the early stages of the quarantine. Sociodemographic, health and behavioral variables were compared for five age groups. Mental health was assessed by the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and psychological impacts were assessed by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). RESULTS: 3,524 participants were included (Mage = 39.24, SDage = 12.00). Participants aged between 18 and 33 years old showed more hyperactivation and evitation, were more depressed, anxious and stressed. Those aged between 26 and 33 years old showed more intrusion. Those aged between 18 and 25 years old suffered more sleep disturbances, claustrophobia and somatization and maintained worse routines. Elderly people showed better psychological responses in general. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides initial evidence that the negative psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic hits young people harder. These results should be taken into account when developing specific evidence-based strategies

ANTECEDENTES: la Organización Mundial de la Salud ha destacado la importancia de estudiar sus consecuencias sobre la salud mental de la COVID-19. Esta investigación estudia el papel de la edad sobre las respuestas psicológicas tempranas a la pandemia. MÉTODO: se realizó una encuesta online en la población adulta de España durante la cuarentena. Las variables sociodemofráficas, de salud y conductuales fueron estudiadas en 5 grupos de edad. El estado mental se estudió a través del DASS-21 (Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale) y el impacto psicológico a través del IES-R (Impact of Event Scale-Revised). RESULTADOS: 3.524 participantes fueron incluidos (Medad = 39.24, DTedad = 12.00). Los participantes entre 18 y 33 se mostraban más hiperactivados, evitativos, ansiosos, deprimidos y estresados. Aquellos entre 26 y 33 años presentaban más intrusión. Los participantes entre 18 y 25 años dormían peor, presentaban más claustrofobia y somatizaciones, mayores dificultades para mantener rutinas, mientras que los mayores presentaban mejores respuestas en general. CONCLUSIONES: este estudio indica que la población española más joven se ha visto más afectada por las consecuencias psicológicas de la pandemia. Algunas de las diferencias en conductas y preocupaciones que dependieron de la edad deberían tenerse en cuenta para elaborar estrategias de intervención

Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 32(4): 501-507, nov. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET5-2167


BACKGROUND: A pandemic disaster has specific effects on mental health, however, little is known about those specific effects in children and adolescents. Thus, the aim of this study is to describe the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on a sample of children and adolescents and to compare the results with previous national data and other studies to determine variations. METHOD: A total of 459 children and adolescents in residential care, foster families, kinship families, or family strengthening programs under SOS Children's Villages Spain were evaluated using the SDQ to measure internalizing and externalizing problems and using KIDSCREEN-10 index to measure heath related quality of life. An independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and the chi-square test were used. RESULTS: The children and adolescents in this study had worse psychological wellbeing than those in the 2017 Spanish reference, that is, before the COVID-19 outbreak. Quality of life remained the same. No differences between care modalities were found. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to monitor the mental health status of children and adolescents to prevent possible problems. Additionally, it is necessary to use well-known assessment instruments because it is essential to have a reference to other situations and populations

ANTECEDENTES: una pandemia tiene efectos concretos sobre la salud mental; sin embargo, dichos efectos son poco conocidos en niños y adolescentes. El objetivo de este estudio es describir el impacto psicológico de la COVID-19 en una muestra de niños y adolescentes y comparar los resultados con datos de referencia nacionales y otros estudios. MÉTODO: un total de 459 niños y adolescentes en acogimiento residencial, familias de acogida extensa y ajena y en programas de fortalecimiento familiar, atendidos por Aldeas Infantiles SOS España, fueron evaluados mediante el SDQ para determinar la presencia de problemas internalizantes y externalizantes y mediante el KIDSCREEN-10 para determinar su nivel de calidad de vida. Se utilizó comparaciones de medias para muestras independientes, ANOVA y Chi-cuadrado. RESULTADOS: los niños y adolescentes estudiados obtuvieron peores resultados en bienestar psicológico que los publicados como referencia nacional en España en 2017, antes del brote de la COVID-19. La calidad de vida no se ha visto afectada. No se han encontrado diferencias entre las modalidades de cuidado. CONCLUSIONES: es necesario evaluar la salud mental de los niños y adolescentes para prevenir posibles problemas. Adicionalmente, es necesario usar instrumentos bien conocidos que permitan comparar los resultados con otras situaciones y poblaciones

Rev. bioét. derecho ; (50): 333-352, nov. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | IBECS | ID: ibc-191361


Pretende-se mostrar como a pandemia de COVID-19 causada pelo novo coronavírus Sars-CoV-2, afeta a distribuição equitativa de recursos sanitários no Brasil, bem como evidenciar os dilemas e entraves éticos e psicológicos vivenciados pelos profissionais da saúde no contexto de combate à doença. O presente estudo objetivou revisar conhecimentos acerca de questões bioéticas referentes à escassez de recursos e saúde mental. Realizou-se, desse modo, uma análise de protocolos sobre alocação de recursos recém-publicados no Brasil

Se pretende mostrar cómo la pandemia de COVID-19 causada por el nuevo coronavirus Sars-CoV-2, afecta la distribución equitativa de los recursos de salud en Brasil, así como resaltar los dilemas y barreras éticas y psicológicas advertidas por los profesionales de la salud en el contexto de lucha contra la enfermedad. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo revisar el conocimiento sobre cuestiones bioéticas relacionadas con la escasez de recursos y la salud mental. Así, se realizó un análisis de protocolos sobre la asignación de recursos recientemente publicados en Brasil

Es pretén mostrar com la pandèmia de COVID-19 causada pel nou coronavirus Sars-COV-2, afecta la distribució equitativa dels recursos de salut al Brasil, així com ressaltar els dilemes I les barreres ètiques I psicològiques reconegudes pels professionals de la salut en el context de lluita contra la malaltia. El present estudi va tenir com a objectiu revisar el coneixement sobre qüestions bioètiques relacionades amb l'escassetat de recursos I la salut mental. Així, es va realitzar una anàlisi de protocols sobre l'assignació de recursos recentment publicats al Brasil

It is intended to show how the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the new Sars-CoV-2 coronavirus, affects the equitable distribution of health resources in Brazil, as well as to highlight the ethical and psychological dilemmas and barriers experienced by health professionals in the context of fighting disease. The present study aimed to go through knowledge about bioethical issues related to the scarcity of resources and mental health. Thus, an analysis of protocols on the allocation of newly published resources in Brazil was carried out

Humanos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Pandemias/ética , Salud Mental , Bioética , Prioridades en Salud , Gestión de Recursos , Asignación de Recursos/ética , Brasil/epidemiología
Recurso de Internet en Portugués | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-47919


O Ministério da Saúde reforça o compromisso em defesa da saúde mental no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) neste 10 de outubro, Dia Mundial da Saúde Mental. A data, instituída pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), busca conscientizar a população sobre os cuidados com doenças mentais e pela prevenção ao suicídio.

Infecciones por Coronavirus , Salud Mental/tendencias , Pandemias
Recurso de Internet en Inglés, Español | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud | ID: lis-47922


La pandemia de COVID-19 ha perturbado o paralizado los servicios de salud mental esenciales del 93% de los ‎países del mundo, en tanto que aumenta la demanda de atención de salud mental, según un nuevo estudio de ‎la OMS. El estudio, que abarca 130 países, aporta los primeros datos mundiales acerca de los efectos ‎devastadores de la COVID-19 sobre el acceso a los servicios de salud mental y pone de relieve la necesidad ‎urgente de incrementar la financiación

Infecciones por Coronavirus , Salud Mental/tendencias , Servicios de Salud Mental/tendencias
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(8): 285-291, 16 oct., 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-FGT-5691


INTRODUCCIÓN: Los niños con trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) a menudo experimentan el cambio de rutinas como un desafío importante. La necesidad de adaptación durante la pandemia por la COVID-19 puede haber causado problemas a estos niños. OBJETIVO: Conocer cómo vivieron los niños con TEA y sus familias el aislamiento social durante la cuarentena. Sujetos y métodos. Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal y analítico. Se aplicó un cuestionario anónimo que incluía las características demográficas y clínicas de los niños, junto con el impacto que tuvo la pandemia en diferentes aspectos de la vida diaria de las familias. RESULTADOS: De los 99 cuestionarios obtenidos, 43 eran niños con TEA y 56 niños del grupo control. Los niños con TEA tuvieron predominantemente cambios en el comportamiento, a diferencia de los del grupo control. La mayoría de los niños con TEA tuvo un impacto negativo en el manejo de las emociones frente a los del grupo control, que expresaron un impacto mayoritariamente positivo/nulo. Los cuidadores puntuaron niveles de ansiedad más altos en ellos mismos que en sus hijos. Los niños con TEA y sus padres tenían niveles más altos de ansiedad que los controles. En el grupo con TEA, los niños que no mantuvieron las rutinas tuvieron niveles de ansiedad más altos. CONCLUSIÓN: Los resultados muestran un potencial impacto psicológico de la pandemia de la COVID-19 no sólo en los niños con trastornos del neurodesarrollo, sino también en sus cuidadores. Debe estarse preparado para la vigilancia de los trastornos mentales en las familias tras la pandemia de la COVID-19

INTRODUCTION. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience changing routines as a major challenge. For that reason, the need for adaptation during COVID-19 pandemic may have brought major problems to families with children with this pathology. AIM. To explore how children with ASD and their parents experienced the social isolation during COVID-19 outbreak period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. We conducted an observational, cross-sectional and analytical study. We applied an anonymous questionnaire that included children’s demographic and clinical characteristics, along with the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak in different aspects of family’s daily life. RESULTS. Out of 99 questionnaires obtained, 43 were related to children with ASD and 56 to control group. Children with ASD predominantly had changes in behavior, while children from control group mostly found no changes. The majority of parents of ASD children reported a negative impact in emotion management against those in control group reporting mostly positive or no impact. Caregivers reported higher mean scores of anxiety levels in themselves than in their children. ASD children and their parents had higher levels of anxiety than healthy ones. In the group with ASD, children that did not maintain routines had higher mean levels of anxiety than children that maintained routines. CONCLUSION. Our results show a potential important psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic not only in children with neurodevelopmental disorders but in their caregivers as well. Physicians must be prepared for the post-pandemic surveillance of mental disorders among families

Rev. clín. esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 220(7): 450-450, oct. 2020. ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-192194