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1.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 31(1): 1-8, 2024-05-03. Ilustraciones
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1538067

RESUMEN

Background: Potato peel extract has demonstrated the ability to reduce platelet aggregation in vitro, suggesting its potential as a dietary intervention for preventing atherothrombotic disorders. Objective: This study aims to evaluate the impact of a potato peel-rich diet on platelet aggregation. Methods: A randomized, crossover-controlled, open two-period study was carried out with the participation of 12 healthy volunteers. Platelet aggregation was assessed before and after a seven-day dietary intervention. Participants consumed either a diet rich in potato peel (2 g/kg/d) or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) as a reference (100 mg/d). Platelet aggregation percentages were measured following stimulation with arachidonic acid (AA, 150 µg/mL), adenosine diphosphate (ADP, 10 µM), and collagen (COL, 10 µg/mL). Results: The potato peel-rich diet resulted in a slight but significant reduction in platelet aggregation when stimulated with arachidonic acid compared to baseline values (85.0±2.0% vs. 91.3±1.7%, p<0.05). This effect was less pronounced than the reduction achieved with ASA (16±1.9%, p<0.001). Conclusion: The administration of a diet rich in potato peel reduces platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid, suggesting its potential role in the prevention of atherothrombotic disorders.


Introducción: El extracto de cáscara de patata ha demostrado su capacidad para reducir la agregación plaquetaria in vitro, lo que sugiere su potencial como intervención dietética para prevenir trastornos aterotrombóticos. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de una dieta rica en cáscara de patata en la agregación plaquetaria. Materiales y métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio aleatorizado, controlado, cruzado y abierto con la participación de 12 voluntarios sanos. Se evaluó la agregación plaquetaria antes y después de una intervención dietética de siete días. Los participantes consumieron una dieta rica en cáscara de patata (2 g/kg/d) o ácido acetilsalicílico (ASA) como referente (100 mg/d). Se midieron los porcentajes de agregación plaquetaria después de la estimulación con ácido araquidónico (AA, 150 µg/mL), difosfato de adenosina (ADP, 10 µM) y colágeno (COL, 10 µg/mL). Resultados: La dieta rica en cáscara de patata resultó en una ligera pero significativa reducción en la agregación plaquetaria cuando se estimuló con ácido araquidónico en comparación con los valores iniciales (85,0 ± 2,0% vs. 91,3 ± 1,7%, p <0,05). Este efecto fue menos pronunciado que la reducción lograda con ASA (16 ± 1,9%, p <0,001). Conclusión: La administración de una dieta rica en cáscara de patata reduce la agregación plaquetaria inducida por ácido araquidónico, lo que sugiere su papel potencial en la prevención de trastornos aterotrombóticos.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Agregación Plaquetaria , Solanum tuberosum , Ácido Clorogénico , Ácido Araquidónico , Dieta
4.
ACS Nano ; 18(15): 10625-10641, 2024 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563322

RESUMEN

Development of nanomedicines that can collaboratively scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibit inflammatory cytokines, along with osteogenesis promotion, is essential for efficient osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. Herein, we report the design of a ROS-responsive nanomedicine formulation based on fibronectin (FN)-coated polymer nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with azabisdimethylphoaphonate-terminated phosphorus dendrimers (G4-TBP). The constructed G4-TBP NPs-FN with a size of 268 nm are stable under physiological conditions, can be specifically taken up by macrophages through the FN-mediated targeting, and can be dissociated in the oxidative inflammatory microenvironment. The G4-TBP NPs-FN loaded with G4-TBP dendrimer having intrinsic anti-inflammatory property and FN having both anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties display integrated functions of ROS scavenging, hypoxia attenuation, and macrophage M2 polarization, thus protecting macrophages from apoptosis and creating designed bone immune microenvironment for stem cell osteogenic differentiation. These characteristics of the G4-TBP NPs-FN lead to their effective treatment of an OA model in vivo to reduce pathological changes of joints including synovitis inhibition and cartilage matrix degradation and simultaneously promote osteogenic differentiation for bone repair. The developed nanomedicine formulation combining the advantages of both bioactive phosphorus dendrimers and FN to treat OA may be developed for immunomodulatory therapy of different inflammatory diseases.


Asunto(s)
Dendrímeros , Nanopartículas , Osteoartritis , Humanos , Especies Reactivas de Oxígeno/metabolismo , Osteogénesis , Dendrímeros/uso terapéutico , Osteoartritis/tratamiento farmacológico , Antiinflamatorios/uso terapéutico , Fósforo/uso terapéutico
5.
Trials ; 25(1): 230, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570861

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is still undertreated in most patients, as evidence for pharmacological treatments is limited and conflicting. Also, the efficacy of the pharmacological agents relative to each other is still unclear. Therefore, medications that may potentially contribute to improving CRF will be investigated in this head-to-head trial. Our main objective is to compare the efficacy of methylphenidate vs. bupropion vs. ginseng vs. amantadine vs. placebo in patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: The 5-EPIFAT study is a 5-arm, randomized, multi-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial that will use a parallel-group design with an equal allocation ratio comparing the efficacy and safety of four medications (Methylphenidate vs. Bupropion vs. Ginseng vs. Amantadine) versus placebo for management of CRF. We will recruit 255 adult patients with advanced cancer who experience fatigue intensity ≥ 4 based on a 0-10 scale. The study period includes a 4-week intervention and a 4-week follow-up with repeated measurements over time. The primary outcome is the cancer-related fatigue level over time, which will be measured by the functional assessment of chronic illness therapy-fatigue (FACIT-F) scale. To evaluate safety, the secondary outcome is the symptomatic adverse events, which will be assessed using the Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events in cancer clinical trials (PRO-CTCAE). Also, a subgroup analysis based on a decision tree-based machine learning algorithm will be employed for the clinical prediction of different agents in homogeneous subgroups. DISCUSSION: The findings of the 5-EPIFAT trial could be helpful to guide clinical decision-making, personalization treatment approach, design of future trials, as well as the development of CRF management guidelines. TRIAL REGISTRATION: IRCT.ir IRCT20150302021307N6. Registered on 13 May 2023.


Asunto(s)
Metilfenidato , Neoplasias , Panax , Adulto , Humanos , Amantadina/uso terapéutico , Bupropión/uso terapéutico , Fatiga/diagnóstico , Fatiga/tratamiento farmacológico , Fatiga/etiología , Metilfenidato/uso terapéutico , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto , Neoplasias/terapia , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Resultado del Tratamiento
6.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(15): 6595-6604, 2024 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573735

RESUMEN

Meaningful interpretation of U isotope measurements relies on unraveling the impact of reduction mechanisms on the isotopic fractionation. Here, the isotope fractionation of hexavalent U [U(VI)] was investigated during its reductive mineralization by magnetite to intermediate pentavalent U [U(V)] and ultimately tetravalent U [U(IV)]. As the reaction proceeded, the remaining aqueous phase U [containing U(VI) and U(V)] systematically carried light isotopes, whereas in the bicarbonate-extracted solution [containing U(VI) and U(V)], the δ238U values varied, especially when C/C0 approached 0. This variation was interpreted as reflecting the variable relative contribution of unreduced U(VI) (δ238U < 0‰) and bicarbonate-extractable U(V) (δ238U > 0‰). The solid remaining after bicarbonate extraction included unextractable U(V) and U(IV), for which the δ238U values consistently followed the same trend that started at 0.3-0.5‰ and decreased to ∼0‰. The impact of PIPES buffer on isotopic fractionation was attributed to the variable abundance of U(V) in the aqueous phase. A few extremely heavy bicarbonate-extracted δ238U values were due to mass-dependent fractionation resulting from several hypothesized mechanisms. The results suggest the preferential accumulation of the heavy isotope in the reduced species and the significant influence of U(V) on the overall isotopic fractionation, providing insight into the U isotope fractionation behavior during its abiotic reduction process.


Asunto(s)
Óxido Ferrosoférrico , Uranio , Bicarbonatos , Isótopos , Fraccionamiento Químico
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 172172, 2024 May 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575019

RESUMEN

To improve the retention and slow-release abilities of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), an 82 %-purity struvite fertilizer (MAP-BC) was synthesized using magnesium-modified biochar and a solution with a 2:1 concentration ratio of NH4+ to PO43- at a pH of 8. Batch microscopic characterizations and soil column leaching experiments were conducted to study the retention and slow-release mechanisms and desorption kinetics of MAP-BC. The slow-release mechanism revealed that the dissolution rate of high-purity struvite was the dominant factor of NP slow release. The re-adsorption of NH4+ and PO43- by biochar and unconsumed MgO prolonged slow release. Mg2+ ionized by MgO could react with PO43- released from struvite to form Mg3(PO4)2. The internal biochar exhibited electrostatic attraction and pore restriction towards NH4+, while magnesium modification and nutrient loading formed a physical antioxidant barrier that ensured long-term release. The water diffusion experiment showed a higher cumulative release rate for PO43- compared to NH4+, whereas in soil column leaching, the trend was reversed, suggesting that soil's competitive adsorption facilitated the desorption of NH4+ from MAP-BC. During soil leaching, cumulative release rates of NH4+ and PO43- from chemical fertilizers were 3.55-3.62 times faster than those from MAP-BC. The dynamic test data for NH4+ and PO43- in MAP-BC fitted the Ritger-Peppas model best, predicting release periods of 163 days and 166 days, respectively. The leaching performances showed that MAP-BC reduced leaching solution volume by 5.58 % and significantly increased soil large aggregates content larger than 0.25 mm by 24.25 %. The soil nutrients retention and pH regulation by MAP-BC reduced leaching concentrations of NP. Furthermore, MAP-BC significantly enhanced plant growth, and it is more suitable as a NP source for long-term crops. Therefore, MAP-BC is expected to function as a long-term and slow-release fertilizer with the potential to minimize NP nutrient loss and replace part of quick-acting fertilizer.


Asunto(s)
Fertilizantes , Magnesio , Estruvita/química , Magnesio/química , Fertilizantes/análisis , Óxido de Magnesio , Fósforo/química , Carbón Orgánico/química , Suelo/química , Nitrógeno/análisis
8.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(15): 6637-6646, 2024 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580315

RESUMEN

Methanogenesis is a critical process in the carbon cycle that is applied industrially in anaerobic digestion and biogas production. While naturally occurring in diverse environments, methanogenesis requires anaerobic and reduced conditions, although varying degrees of oxygen tolerance have been described. Microaeration is suggested as the next step to increase methane production and improve hydrolysis in digestion processes; therefore, a deeper understanding of the methanogenic response to oxygen stress is needed. To explore the drivers of oxygen tolerance in methanogenesis, two parallel enrichments were performed under the addition of H2/CO2 in an environment without reducing agents and in a redox-buffered environment by adding redox mediator 9,10-anthraquinone-2,7-disulfonate disodium. The cellular response to oxidative conditions is mapped using proteomic analysis. The resulting community showed remarkable tolerance to high-redox environments and was unperturbed in its methane production. Next to the expression of pathways to mitigate reactive oxygen species, the higher redox potential environment showed an increased presence of selenocysteine and selenium-associated pathways. By including sulfur-to-selenium mass shifts in a proteomic database search, we provide the first evidence of the dynamic and large-scale incorporation of selenocysteine as a response to oxidative stress in hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis and the presence of a dynamic selenoproteome.


Asunto(s)
Euryarchaeota , Selenio , Metano , Proteómica , Selenocisteína/metabolismo , Euryarchaeota/metabolismo , Estrés Oxidativo , Oxígeno , Anaerobiosis , Reactores Biológicos
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8526, 2024 04 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609406

RESUMEN

Understanding the efficacy of alternative phosphorus (P) sources in tropical soils is crucial for sustainable farming, addressing resource constraints, mitigating environmental impact, improving crop productivity, and optimizing soil-specific solutions. While the topic holds great importance, current literature falls short in providing thorough, region-specific studies on the effectiveness of alternative P sources in Brazilian tropical soils for maize cultivation. Our aim was to assess the agronomic efficiency of alternative P sources concerning maize crop (Zea mays L.) attributes, including height, shoot dry weight, stem diameter, and nutrient accumulation, across five Brazilian tropical soils. In greenhouse conditions, we carried out a randomized complete block design, investigating two factors (soil type and P sources), evaluating five tropical soils with varying clay contents and three alternative sources of P, as well as a commercial source and a control group. We evaluated maize crop attributes such as height, dry weight biomass, and nutrient accumulation, P availability and agronomic efficiency. Our results showed that, although triple superphosphate (TSP) exhibited greater values than alternative P sources (precipitated phosphorus 1, precipitated phosphorus 2 and reactive phosphate) for maize crop attributes (e.g., height, stem diameter, shoot dry weight and phosphorus, nitrogen, sulfur, calcium and magnesium accumulation). For instance, PP1 source increased nutrient accumulation for phosphorus (P), nitrogen (N), and sulfur (S) by 37.05% and 75.98% (P), 34.39% and 72.07% (N), and 41.94% and 72.69% (S) in comparison to PP2 and RP, respectively. Additionally, PP1 substantially increased P availability in soils with high clay contents 15 days after planting (DAP), showing increases of 61.90%, 99.04%, and 38.09% greater than PP2, RP, and TSP. For Ca and Mg accumulation, the highest values were found in the COxisol2 soil when PP2 was applied, Ca = 44.31% and 69.48%; and Mg = 46.23 and 75.79%, greater than PP1 and RP, respectively. Finally, the highest values for relative agronomic efficiency were observed in COxisol2 when PP1 was applied. The precipitated phosphate sources (PP1 and PP2) exhibited a similar behavior to that of the commercial source (TSP), suggesting their potential use to reduce reliance on TSP fertilization, especially in soils with low clay contents. This study emphasized strategies for soil P management, aimed at assisting farmers in enhancing maize crop productivity while simultaneously addressing the effectiveness of alternative P sources of reduced costs.


Asunto(s)
Fósforo , Suelo , Agricultura , Brasil , Arcilla , Nitrógeno , Fosfatos , Azufre
10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619980

RESUMEN

Two Gram-stain-negative bacterial strains, R39T and R73T, were isolated from the rhizosphere soil of the selenium hyperaccumulator Cardamine hupingshanesis in China. Strain R39T transformed selenite into elemental and volatile selenium, whereas strain R73T transformed both selenate and selenite into elemental selenium. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses indicated that strain R39T belonged to the genus Achromobacter, while strain R73T belonged to the genus Buttiauxella. Strain R39T (genome size, 6.68 Mb; G+C content, 61.6 mol%) showed the closest relationship to Achromobacter marplatensis LMG 26219T and Achromobacter kerstersii LMG 3441T, with average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of 83.6 and 83.4 %, respectively. Strain R73T (genome size, 5.22 Mb; G+C content, 50.3 mol%) was most closely related to Buttiauxella ferragutiae ATCC 51602T with an ANI value of 86.4 %. Furthermore, strain A111 from the GenBank database was found to cluster with strain R73T within the genus Buttiauxella through phylogenomic analyses. The ANI and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains R73T and A111 were 97.5 and 80.0% respectively, indicating that they belong to the same species. Phenotypic characteristics also differentiated strain R39T and strain R73T from their closely related species. Based on the polyphasic analyses, strain R39T and strain R73T represent novel species of the genera Achromobacter and Buttiauxella, respectively, for which the names Achromobacter seleniivolatilans sp. nov. (type strain R39T=GDMCC 1.3843T=JCM 36009T) and Buttiauxella selenatireducens sp. nov. (type strain R73T=GDMCC 1.3636T=JCM 35850T) are proposed.


Asunto(s)
Achromobacter , Cardamine , Selenio , Ácidos Grasos/química , Análisis de Secuencia de ADN , Cardamine/genética , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Composición de Base , ADN Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipificación Bacteriana , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Ácido Selenioso
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 644-652, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621868

RESUMEN

This study aims to optimize the matrix formulation for the hot-melt pressure-sensitive adhesive plaster of personalized traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) preparations and verify the applicability of the formulation. The central composite design in JMP Pro 16.1.0 was employed to optimize the dosages of styrene-isoprene-styrene triblock copolymer(SIS), hydrogenated petroleum resin, and lightweight liquid paraffin, with the fine powder of Yipifang as the model drug(drug loading of 10%) and the sensory score and objective evaluation as the comprehensive evaluation indicators. The quality evaluation system of hot-melt pressure-sensitive adhesive plaster of personalized TCM preparations was established. The applicability of the optimized matrix formulation of hot-melt pressure-sensitive adhesive plaster was verified with 16 TCM preparations for external application. Furthermore, the applicability of the matrix formulation was investigated with different drug loadings. The general molding matrix formulation was SIS∶hydrogenated petroleum resin∶lightweight liquid paraffin 3∶3∶5. The optimized matrix formulation showed good molding properties and high quality scores for 16 TCM preparations and were suitable for the plastering of finely powdered decoction pieces with a loading capacity of 10% to 30%. The results suggest that the optimized matrix formulation has good applicability and is suitable for TCM preparations. The findings lay a foundation for the application and promotion of the hot-melt pressure-sensitive adhesive plasters of personalized TCM preparations.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Petróleo , Medicina Tradicional China , Aceite Mineral , Poliestirenos
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 951-960, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621902

RESUMEN

The chemical constituents of ethyl acetate from Hypericum himalaicum were isolated by silica gel column chromatography, gel column chromatography, and high-performance liquid chromatography. The structure of the isolated compounds was identified by modern spectral techniques(NMR, MS, IR, and UV), and the potential anti-inflammatory targets and action pathways were analyzed and predicted by network pharmacology and molecular docking methods.Ten compounds were isolated from H. himalaicum and identified as 5,9,11-trihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-3H,8H-benzo[6,7][1,4]dioxepino[2,3-f]chromen-8-one(1), betulinic acid(2), demethyltorosaflavone C(3), kaempferol(4), quercetin(5), hyperwightin B(6), toxyloxanthone B(7), 1,7-dihydroxy-xanthone(8), emodin(9), and 1,7-dihydroxy-4-methoxy-xanthone(10). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2-10 were isolated from H. himalaicum for the first time. Network pharmacology screened 60 key anti-inflammatory targets. By acting on TNF, AKT1, CASP3, and other key targets, involving PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, VEGF signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, and other signaling pathways, and phosphorylation, cell migration and movement, protein tyrosine kinase, and other biological processes were regulated to achieve anti-inflammatory effects. The results of molecular docking show that the above components have good binding properties with the core targets.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Hypericum , Xantonas , Farmacología en Red , Simulación del Acoplamiento Molecular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas , Antiinflamatorios/farmacología , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1485-1493, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621932

RESUMEN

Chuanxiong Rhizoma is a well-known Sichuan-specific herbal medicine. Its original plant, Ligusticum chuanxiong, has been cultivated asexually for a long time. L. chuanxiong has sexual reproductive disorders, which restricts its germplasm innovation. However, there is little research on the reproductive system of L. chuanxiong. This study is based on a comparative anatomical research approach, using morphological dissection, paraffin sectioning, staining and compression, and combined with scanning electron microscopy technology, to observe and compare the flowers, fruits, and seeds at various stages of reproductive growth of L. chuanxiong and its wild relative L. sinense. The results showed that the meiosis of pollen mother cells is abnormal in L. chuanxiong anthers, and the size and number of microspores are uneven and inconsistent in the tetrad stage. tapetum cells are not completely degenerated during anther development. During the pollen ripening stage, there are fine cracks in the anther wall, while most anthers could not release pollen normally. The surface of mature pollen grains is concave and partially deformed, and the pollens are all inactive and cannot germinate in vitro. The starch, polysaccharides, and lipids in the pollen were insufficient. The filaments of L. chuanxiong are short at the flowering stage and recurved downward. Double-hanging fruits were observed in the fruiting stage, being wrinkled; with shriveled seeds. Compared with L. sinense at the same stage, the anthers of L. sinense developed normally, and the pollen grains are vigorous and can germinate in vitro. The double-hanging fruits of L. sinense are full and normal; at the flowering period, the filaments are long and erect, significantly higher than the stigma. Mature blastocysts are visible in the ovary of both L. chuanxiong and L. sinense, and there is no significant difference in stigmas. The conclusion is that during the development of L. chuanxiong stamens, the meiosis of pollen mother cells is abnormal, and tetrad, tapetum, filament and other pollen structures develop abnormally. L. chuanxiong has the characteristic of male infertility, which is an important reason for its sexual reproductive disorders.


Asunto(s)
Ligusticum , Reproducción , Polen , Flores , Polisacáridos
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(6): 1526-1539, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621936

RESUMEN

This study aims to investigate the component variations and spatial distribution of ginsenosides in Panax quinquefolium roots during repeated steaming and drying. Ultra performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was employed to identify the ginsenosides in the root extract. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging(MALDI-MSI) was employed to visualize the spatial distribution and spatiotemporal changes of prototype ginsenosides and metabolites in P. quinquefolium roots. The UPLC results showed that 90 ginsenosides were identified during the steaming process of the roots, and polar ginsenosides were converted into low polar or non-polar ginsenosides. The content of prototype ginsenosides decreased, while that of rare ginsenosides increased, which included 20(S/R)-ginsenoside Rg_3, 20(S/R)-ginsenoside Rh_2, and ginsenosides Rk_1, Rg_5, Rs_5, and Rs_4. MALDI-MSI results showed that ginsenosides were mainly distributed in the epidermis and phloem. As the steaming times increased, ginsenosides were transported to the xylem and medulla. This study provides fundamental information for revealing the changes of biological activity and pharmacological effect of P. quinquefolium roots that are caused by repeated steaming and drying and gives a reference for expanding the application scope of this herbal medicine.


Asunto(s)
Ginsenósidos , Panax , Ginsenósidos/análisis , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem , Espectrometría de Masa por Láser de Matriz Asistida de Ionización Desorción/métodos , Panax/química , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión/métodos , Raíces de Plantas/química
15.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 511, 2024 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622444

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Lipases play a crucial role in various industrial applications, and microbial lipases, particularly those from bacteria, possess significant properties. With increasing concerns about the environmental and health impacts of hydrocarbons from pipelines and refineries, there is a growing need to mitigate the risks associated with these compounds. METHODS: In this study, 40 bacterial isolates were recovered from contaminated soil samples collected from multiple refineries across Iraq. Using the Vitek system, bacterial isolates were identified up to the species level, revealing that only 12 isolates exhibited lipase-producing capabilities. RESULTS: Among the lipase-producing isolates, Ralstonia mannitolilytica demonstrated the highest extracellular lipase activity, as determined by an olive oil plate assay supplemented with rhodamine B. Confirmation of the species identity was achieved through 16S rRNA gene sequencing, with the obtained sequence deposited under accession number LC772176.1. Further sequence analysis revealed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the genome of Ralstonia mannitolilytica strain H230303-10_N19_7x_R2 (CP011257.1, positions 1,311,102 and 1,311,457). Additionally, the presence of the lipase gene was confirmed through amplification and sequencing using a thermocycler PCR. Sequence analysis of the gene, aligned using Geneious Prime software, identified SNPs (CP010799, CP049132, AY364601, CP011257, and CP023537), and a phylogenetic tree was constructed based on genetic characterization. CONCLUSION: Our findings highlight the potential of Ralstonia mannitolilytica as a promising candidate for lipase production and contribute to our understanding of its genetic diversity and biotechnological applications in hydrocarbon degradation and industrial processes.


Asunto(s)
Petróleo , Ralstonia , Petróleo/microbiología , ARN Ribosómico 16S/genética , Filogenia , Irak , Lipasa/genética , Suelo
16.
Clin Lab ; 70(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623682

RESUMEN

Spurious hyperphosphatemia, a rare occurrence, typically arises from substances in a patient's blood interfering with the colorimetric method for serum phosphate measurement. We present a case of factitious hyperphosphatemia caused by alteplase-contaminated blood samples in an 88-year-old CKD patient on hemodialysis, leading to misleadingly high phosphorus levels. Thorough investigations ruled out other etiologies, highlighting the necessity of stringent adherence to blood collection protocols to prevent sample contamination and avert erroneous laboratory results. This unique cause of hyperphosphatemia should be considered in the differential diagnosis when encountering unexplained elevations in phosphorus levels, particularly in the context of normal blood calcium levels.


Asunto(s)
Hiperfosfatemia , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Humanos , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Hiperfosfatemia/inducido químicamente , Hiperfosfatemia/diagnóstico , Activador de Tejido Plasminógeno/efectos adversos , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/complicaciones , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/diagnóstico , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/terapia , Diálisis Renal/efectos adversos , Diálisis Renal/métodos , Fósforo , Fosfatos
17.
Radiology ; 311(1): e231852, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625007

RESUMEN

Background Although favorable outcomes have been reported with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), the long-term efficacy remains insufficiently investigated. Purpose To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of US-guided percutaneous RFA in patients with SHPT undergoing dialysis and to identify possible predictors associated with treatment failure. Materials and Methods This retrospective study included consecutive patients with SHPT with at least one enlarged parathyroid gland accessible for RFA who were undergoing dialysis at seven tertiary centers from May 2013 to July 2022. The primary end point was the proportion of patients with parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels less than or equal to 585 pg/mL at the end of follow-up. Secondary end points were the proportion of patients with normal calcium and phosphorus levels, the technical success rate, procedure-related complications, and improvement in self-rated hyperparathyroidism-related symptoms (0-3 ranking scale). The Wilcoxon signed rank test and generalized estimating equation model were used to evaluate treatment outcomes. Univariable and multivariable regression analyses identified variables associated with treatment failure (recurrent or persistent hyperparathyroidism). Results This study included 165 patients (median age, 51 years [IQR, 44-60 years]; 92 female) and 582 glands. RFA effectively reduced PTH, calcium, and phosphorus levels, with targeted ranges achieved in 78.2% (129 of 165), 72.7% (120 of 165), and 60.0% (99 of 165) of patients, respectively, at the end of follow-up (mean, 51 months). For the RFA sessions, the technical success rate was 100% (214 of 214). Median symptom scores (ostealgia, arthralgia, pruritus) decreased (all P < .001). Regarding complications, only hypocalcemia (45.8%, 98 of 214) was common. Treatment failure occurred in 36 patients (recurrent [n = 5] or persistent [n = 31] hyperparathyroidism). The only potential independent predictor of treatment failure was having less than four treated glands (odds ratio, 17.18; 95% CI: 4.34, 67.95; P < .001). Conclusion US-guided percutaneous RFA was effective and safe in the long term as a nonsurgical alternative for patients with SHPT undergoing dialysis; the only potential independent predictor of treatment failure was a lower number (<4) of treated glands. © RSNA, 2024 Supplemental material is available for this article.


Asunto(s)
Calcio , Hiperparatiroidismo Secundario , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Hiperparatiroidismo Secundario/diagnóstico por imagen , Hiperparatiroidismo Secundario/cirugía , Fósforo
18.
J Environ Manage ; 357: 120760, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581891

RESUMEN

It is of great significance to solve the environmental problems caused by the unreasonable treatment of coal gasification slag. This study successfully produced Si-Fe-Al-Ca alloy from low-carbon fine slag with petroleum coke as reducing agent in a plasma furnace with an alternating current magnetic field, which solved the problem of the high reactivity requirement of carbon reductant for plasma smelting. The optimum carbon content of the mixed low-carbon fine slag and petroleum coke is 105% of the theoretical value. As the strength of the alternating current magnetic field increased (from 0% to 100% of the maximum power), the yield of the alloy (from 25.46% to 58.19%) and the recovery ratios of each element (Si, Fe, Al, Ca, Ti) increased. In addition, as the magnetic field strength increased, the pores inside the alloy became smaller, the composition of the alloy became more homogeneous, and a better separation of the alloy from the slag was observed. The main composition of the alloy at the strongest alternating current magnetic field is Si: 51.14 wt%, Fe: 28.41 wt%, Al: 9.14 wt%, Ca: 7.15 wt%, Ti: 2.03 wt%. We attribute the enhanced smelting effect of the alternating current magnetic field to the resistive heat and Lorentz force produced by the induced current. In addition, the skin effect concentrated the induced current on the surface of the oxide particles and carbon particles, which increased the temperature of the reaction interface and promoted the carbothermal reduction reaction.


Asunto(s)
Coque , Petróleo , Carbón Mineral , Aleaciones , Carbono
19.
J Environ Manage ; 357: 120606, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583387

RESUMEN

While phosphorus fertilizers contribute to food security, part of the introduced phosphorus dissipates into water bodies leading to eutrophication. At the same time, conventional mineral phosphorus sources are increasingly scarce. Therefore, closing phosphorus cycles reduces pollution while decreasing trade dependence and increasing food security. A major part of the phosphorus loss occurs during food processing. In this article, we combine a systematic literature review with investment and efficiency analysis to investigate the financial feasibility of recovering phosphorus from dairy processing wastewater. This wastewater is particularly rich in phosphorus, but while recovery technologies are readily available, they are rarely adopted. We calculate the Net Present Value (NPV) of investing in phosphorus recycling technology for a representative European dairy processing company producing 100,000 tonnes of milk per year. We develop sensitivity scenarios and adjust the parameters accordingly. Applying struvite precipitation, the NPV can be positive in two scenarios. First, if the phosphorus price is high (1.51 million EUR) or second if phosphorus recovery is a substitute for mandatory waste disposal (1.48 million EUR). However, for a variety of methodological specifications, the NPV is negative, mainly because of high input costs for chemicals and energy. These trade-offs between off-setting pollution and reducing energy consumption imply, that policy makers and investors should consider the energy source for phosphorus recovery carefully.


Asunto(s)
Eliminación de Residuos , Aguas Residuales , Fósforo , Estruvita , Agricultura , Eliminación de Residuos Líquidos , Fosfatos
20.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 56(3): 119, 2024 Apr 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602560

RESUMEN

This study was carried out to examine the effects of ginger liquid extract (GLE) on the growth, immune response, antioxidative defence mechanism, and general health of Holstein calves. Sixteen calves (4-d old) were included in the experiment and randomly assigned to groups, and they were fed whole milk containing GLE at a rate of 0, 0.50, 0.72, and 1% of the milk amount consumed. Calves consuming 1% GLE were weaned at an earlier age and gained better body weight (BW) compared to the other groups. The group fed with 0.50% GLE consumed less daily starter than the other groups. The administration of GLE resulted in a non-significant decrease in fecal score (FS), the number of days with diarrhea (DDN), and illness (IDN) among the calves. Notably, the 1% GLE exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on the growth of E. coli, while its effect on the growth of other pathogenic bacteria was not statistically significant. Despite the non-significant reduction in malondialdehyde (MDA), total oxidative status (TOS), and oxidative stress index (OSI) values, the 1% GLE demonstrated support for antioxidative defence mechanism and immune response. The results indicated that 1% GLE can be effective in promoting the health of calves by enhancing their immune response and antioxidant capacity. This suggests that incorporating 1% GLE into their overall well-being, potentially leading to improved health outcomes and performance in calf rearing operations.


Asunto(s)
Antioxidantes , Jengibre , Animales , Bovinos , Escherichia coli , Inmunidad , Estado de Salud , Extractos Vegetales/farmacología
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