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1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1372-1392, out.-dez. 2019.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-995106

RESUMEN

En el presente artículo se reconstruye la trama específica en la que surgió la categoría mujer golpeada en la psicología argentina, en una peculiar circulación entre sociedad civil y Estado. Desde el enfoque de la historia crítica de la psicología junto a los aportes de la historia reciente, se analiza el proceso de recepción que se produjo en el escenario local, en el entrecruzamiento de la agenda de los derechos humanos con el ideario feminista. Se analiza cómo la violencia de género fue incluida en la agenda gubernamental, en los espacios de activismo feminista y en la producción teórica de la psicología. Se da cuenta de las solidaridades y diferencias entre estos ámbitos, poniendo en evidencia los entramados representacionales y valorativos implicados en los usos de diferentes categorías.(AU)


Neste artigo, reconstruímos a maneira como a categoria mulher maltratada surgiu na psicologia argentina, numa circulação peculiar entre a sociedade civil e o Estado. A partir da abordagem da história crítica da psicologia com as contribuições da história recente, analisamos a recepção no cenário local, na interligação da agenda de direitos humanos com o ideário feminista. Analisamos como a violência de gênero foi incluída na agenda governamental, no ativismo feminista e na produção teórica da psicologia. Incluímos a solidariedade e as diferenças entre essas áreas, levando em conta as representações e valores envolvidos nos usos das diferentes categorias.(AU)


In this article, we reconstruct the way in which the battered woman category emerged in Argentine psychology, in a peculiar circulation between civil society and the State. From the approach of the critical history of psychology to the contributions of recent history, we analyze the reception in the local scene, in the interconnection of the human rights agenda with the feminist ideology. We analyzed how gender violence was included in the governmental agenda, in feminist activism and in the theoretical production of psychology. We include solidarity and the differences between these areas, taking into account the representations and values involved in the uses of the different categories.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Violencia contra la Mujer , Violencia de Género/psicología , Psicología/historia , Mujeres Maltratadas/psicología
2.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03464, Jan.-Dez. 2019.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1020376

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Objetivo Explorar la construcción social que sobre violencia obstétrica han elaborado mujeres Tének y Náhuatl de México. Método Estudio cualitativo-sociocrítico, mediante gupos focales se profundizó en las experiencias de parto de quienes vivieron un parto en el periodo 2015-2016. Resultados Participaron 57 mujeres. Mediante análisis de discurso se identificó que las participantes no poseen suficiente información sobre violencia obstétrica y/o derechos sexuales y reproductivos, lo que las imposibilita para asociar sus experiencias negativas al término legal "violencia obstétrica". Sus discursos corresponden en su mayoría a lo que desde el marco legal se ha denominado "violencia obstétrica", sin embargo, experiencias como el ayuno prolongado o el uso de tecnologías para la invasión de su intimidad fueron narradas como algo que conciben violento y que no se ha incorporado dentro del término legal. Conclusión Múltiples acciones que atentan contra los derechos humanos de las mujeres tienen lugar dentro de las salas de parto, la mayor parte no son identificadas por las usuarias, puesto que no han construido socialmente la imagen de la violencia obstétrica, ello no las hace menos susceptibles sin embargo, a sentirse agredidas y denigradas en sus partos.


RESUMO Objetivo Explorar a construção social que as mulheres Tének e Náhuatl do México elaboraram sobre a violência obstétrica. Método Estudo qualitativo-sociocrítico; por meio de grupos focais, houve um aprofundamento nas experiências de parto daquelas que passaram por um parto no período de 2015 a 2016. Resultados Participaram 57 mulheres. Mediante análise do discurso, foi identificado que as participantes não possuem informação suficiente sobre violência obstétrica e/ou direitos sexuais e reprodutivos, o que as impossibilita de associar suas experiências negativas ao termo legal "violência obstétrica". Seus discursos correspondem na sua maioria ao que, a partir do marco legal, foi denominado "violência obstétrica"; entretanto, experiências como jejum prolongado ou uso de tecnologias para a invasão da sua intimidade foram narradas como algo que concebem ser violento e que não foi incorporado ao termo legal. Conclusão Múltiplas ações que atentam contra os direitos humanos das mulheres têm lugar dentro das salas de parto, a maior parte não é identificada pelas usuárias, visto que não construíram socialmente a imagem da violência obstétrica, mas isso não as faz menos suscetíveis de sentir-se agredidas e denegridas nos seus partos.


ABSTRACT Objective To explore the social construction of obstetric violence developed by Tenek and Nahuatl women in Mexico. Method Qualitative, socio-critical study conducted through focal groups in which were deepened the childbirth experiences lived in the period 2015-2016. Results Participation of 57 women. Through discourse analysis, it was identified that participants do not have enough information about obstetric violence and/or sexual and reproductive rights. This makes the association of their negative experiences with the legal term "obstetric violence" impossible. Most of their speeches correspond to the legal denomination of "obstetric violence". Experiences like prolonged fasting or the use of technologies for invading their privacy were narrated like situations they perceive as violent, but have not been incorporated within the legal term. Conclusion Multiple actions against women's human rights take place within delivery rooms. Most remain unidentified by users, since they have not socially constructed the image of obstetric violence. However, that fact does not make them less susceptible to feel attacked and denigrated during their childbirth experiences.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Salas de Parto , Parto , Población Indígena , Violencia contra la Mujer , México , Grupos Focales , Investigación Cualitativa , Enfermería Obstétrica
3.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 11(2): 51-59, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-183599

RESUMEN

In order to examine the literature on the relationship between child-to-parent violence and parent-to-child violence, a meta-analytic review was designed with 26 effect sizes assessing the relationship between child-to-parent and parent-to-child violence in 19 primary studies. Correlational effect sizes were computed and corrected for sampling error, and predictor and criterion unreliability. The results showed a significantly positive, medium magnitude (ρ = .36) mean true effect size for the relationship between child-to-parent violence and parent-to-child violence. Similar results were found for direct and vicarious victimization. The probability of developing child-to-parent violence for children victimized by parents increased 71% as compared to non-victimized children. The child-to parent violence type (physical or psychological), and the population (judicial or community) were analysed as moderators. The results revealed similar effects in both types of child-to-parent violence and in both populations: a significantly positive, medium in magnitude mean true effect size. The theoretical and practical implications for measuring child-to parent violence are discussed


Con el propósito de examinar la literatura sobre la relación entre la violencia de hijos a padres y la violencia de padres a hijos, se diseñó una revisión metaanalítica con 26 tamaños del efecto que evalúan la relación de la violencia entre hijos y padres y padres e hijos en 19 estudios principales. Se calcularon y corrigieron los tamaños del efecto correlacional para el error de muestreo y la predicción y la fiabilidad del criterio. Los resultados mostraron una magnitud media significativamente positiva (ρ = .36), que significa el tamaño verdadero del efecto para la relación entre la violencia de hijos a padres y la violencia de padres a hijos. Se encontraron resultados similares para la victimización directa e indirecta. La probabilidad de desarrollar violencia de hijos a padres para los niños victimizados por los padres aumentó 71% en comparación con los niños no victimizados. El tipo de violencia del niño hacia el padre (física o psicológica) y la población (judicial o comunitaria) se analizaron como moderadores. Los resultados revelaron efectos similares en ambos tipos de violencia entre padres e hijos en ambas poblaciones: un nivel de efecto medio significativamente positivo, de magnitud media. Se discuten las implicaciones teóricas y prácticas para medir la violencia de los hijos hacia sus padres


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Violencia Doméstica/psicología , Exposición a la Violencia/psicología , Agresión/psicología , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Maltrato a los Niños/psicología , Víctimas de Crimen/psicología
4.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 11(2): 61-69, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-183600

RESUMEN

Psychological intimate partner violence (IPV) is the most prevalent form of IPV and is often thought to precede physical IPV. However, psychological IPV often occurs independently of other forms of IPV, and it can often emerge during routine relationship interactions. Using data from imprisoned male offenders we investigate the effect of hostile and benevolent sexist attitudes on psychological IPV and the hypothesized mediating role of positive attitudes toward IPV and this effect when accounting for broader risk factors at the levels of community (social disorder), family-of-origin (conflictive climate in family of origin), and personality (antisocial personality traits) variables. The sample involved 196 male inmates of the Penitentiary Center of Villabona (Asturias, Spain). Structural equation models result showed significant total, direct and indirect effect of hostile sexism on psychological IPV, but not of benevolent sexism. When individual, family-of-origin, and community variables were considered, however, hostile sexism showed only an indirect effect on psychological IPV via positive attitudes toward abuse. These results are discussed in light of the debate of the role of sexist attitudes in the psychological IPV explanation when broader models are considered


La violencia de pareja (VP) psicológica es la forma más prevalente de VP y habitualmente suele preceder a la VP física. Sin embargo, la VP psicológica ocurre a menudo independientemente de otras formas de VP y puede darse en interacciones rutinarias con la pareja. Utilizando datos de hombres recluidos en prisión, hemos investigado el efecto del sexismo hostil y benevolente sobre la VP psicológica, así como el rol mediador de las actitudes positivas hacia el abuso de la pareja. Hemos investigado también ese efecto cuando están presentes otros factores de riesgo de VP psicológica señalados en la literatura reciente están presentes: comunidad (desorden social), familia de origen (clima conflictivo en la familia de origen) y factores individuales (rasgos de personalidad antisocial). Participaron en el estudio 196 hombres internos en el Centro Penitenciario de Villabona (Asturias, España). Los resultados de los modelos de ecuaciones estructurales estimados indican un efecto total, directo e indirecto significativo del sexismo hostil sobre la VP psicológica, pero no del sexismo benevolente. Cuando las variables de la comunidad, la familia de origen y factores individuales se incorporaron al modelo únicamente el efecto indirecto del sexismo hostil a través de las actitudes positivas hacia el abuso siguió siendo significativo. Los resultados se discuten en relación con el debate sobre el rol de las actitudes sexistas sobre la VP psicológica en el marco de modelos más generales de violencia


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Violencia de Pareja/psicología , Sexismo/psicología , Agresión/psicología , Represión Psicológica , Prisioneros/psicología , Agotamiento Psicológico/psicología , Factores de Riesgo , Violencia contra la Mujer , Conflicto (Psicología) , Homicidio/psicología
5.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 11(2): 93-97, jul.-dic. 2019. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-183603

RESUMEN

Intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators were categorized based on whether they were generally violent (GV) or family only violent (FO) using self-report or arrest records. Classification criteria to assess recidivism in perpetrators of IPV were evaluated herein to determine the incremental validity of using a perpetrator's criminal history in addition to their self-report information for categorization purposes. The concordance rates for categorizing subtypes of male perpetrators were compared for two methods, namely, self-report versus criminal history data. Categorizations were made based on self-reported history of violence and federal criminal records separately. Between measures consistency was defined as whether or not the self-report categorizations matched federal criminal record categorizations. It was hypothesized that self-report would not be sufficient as the sole method of categorizing male perpetrators, and the use of criminal history data would add to the validity of the categorization system. Self-reports of aggression were higher than criminal records of aggression. Using data sources together may yield the best outcomes for offenders and society. Implications are discussed


Se clasificaron los varones que ejercen violencia en las relaciones de pareja (VP) en función de si eran violentos en general (VG) o solo en el entorno familiar (VF), empleando registros de autoinformes o de arrestos. Se analizaron los criterios de clasificación para evaluar la reincidencia de los infractores de VP con el fin de determinar la validez incremental del uso de los antecedentes penales del infractor, además de la información procedente de su autoinforme para la clasificación. Se compararon los índices de concordancia para categorizar los subtipos de infractores masculinos para dos métodos: los datos procedentes de autoinforme y los de antecedentes penales. La categorización se basó en la historia de violencia autoinformada y en los antecedentes penales por separado. La congruencia entre medidas se definió como la coincidencia o discrepancia de la categorización de autoinforme con la categorización de antecedentes penales. Se planteó la hipótesis de que el autoinforme no bastaba como único método para clasificar a los infractores masculinos y que el uso de datos procedentes de antecedentes penales aumentaba la validez del sistema de categorización. Hubo más autoinformes sobre agresión que antecedentes penales de agresión. El uso conjunto de ambos podría tener mejores resultados, tanto para los delincuentes como para la sociedad. Se discuten las implicaciones de estos resultados


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Violencia de Género/clasificación , Criminales/psicología , Agresión/clasificación , Conducta Peligrosa , Violencia contra la Mujer , Autoinforme/estadística & datos numéricos
6.
Cad Saude Publica ; 35(11): e00195118, 2019.
Artículo en Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691785

RESUMEN

This study analyzes time trends in verbal bullying, domestic violence, and involvement in fights with firearms among adolescents in Brazilian state capitals from 2009 to 2015. The study of trends uses data from the Brazilian National Survey of School Health (PeNSE) in 2009, 2012, and 2015 among ninth-graders enrolled in public and private schools in the country's 26 state capitals and the Federal District. The analysis focused on domestic violence, verbal bullying, and involvement in fights with cold steel weapons and firearms in the 30 days prior to the interview. Logistic regression was performed, adjusted for sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics, with analysis of each type of violence in Brazil and in the capital cities, according to sex. The trends were spatialized. For the capital cities as a whole, from 2009 to 2015 there was an increase of 12% (95%CI: 1.11-1.14) in domestic violence, 10% (95%CI: 1.08-1.11) in verbal bullying, and 7% (95%CI: 1.05-1.09) and 7% (95%CI: 1.05-1.08) in involvement in fights with firearms and cold steel weapons, respectively. Domestic violence increased in all the capital cities. In 96.3%, 70.4%, and 62.9% of the capital cities, respectively, there were increases in verbal bullying and involvement in fights with cold steel weapons and firearms, while there were stationary trends in the other capital cities. There was an upward trend in these forms of violence in the majority of the capital cities, evidencing the need to implement public policies to mitigation the different types of violence among adolescents.

7.
Orv Hetil ; 160(47): 1864-1871, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736345

RESUMEN

Introduction: The analysis of the mortality data of patients is important. Aim: Examination of data from patients treated in the Addictological Out-patient Clinic in Józsefváros and deceased between 2001 and 2018. Method: Patients' data originated from medical records. The national and Budapest data were from the publications of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Results: The age of patients was 52.85 ± 11.81 years for women and 51.99 ± 12.47 years for men. Two-thirds, regardless of gender, were alcoholic. There were many violent deaths. A new phenomenon was the high number of drug- and murder-associated deaths. The former group was dominated by men. The latter group showed female dominance. The completed suicide rate was 14.6%. Suicide attempts occurred in 22.4% of patients. The majority of patients were skilled workers. Conclusion: Data support the view that addict patients die earlier. Leading deaths, unlike previous investigations, were violent deaths. The rate of suicide was higher than the national rate, but it was the same as previously reported, indicating a high risk of this population. Gender differences were observed with regard to violent death, requiring further elucidation. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(47): 1864-1871.


Asunto(s)
Alcoholismo/mortalidad , Pacientes Ambulatorios/estadística & datos numéricos , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/mortalidad , Suicidio/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Anciano , Alcoholismo/etnología , Instituciones de Atención Ambulatoria , Femenino , Homicidio , Humanos , Hungría/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Distribución por Sexo , Intento de Suicidio , Violencia/estadística & datos numéricos
8.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(668): 1950-1951, 2019 Oct 23.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31643157
9.
Rev Prat ; 69(6): 676-678, 2019 Jun.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626433

RESUMEN

Today, people all over the world are on the move. Women and girls account for nearly half of the 244 million migrants. They are sometimes forced to leave their country of origin to flee physical, psychological or sexual violence and gender discrimination. Then the migratory route and the new life in the country of asylum expose them to situations of vulnerability and they are therefore at risk of physical, psychological or sexual abuse. The risk of HIV infection is high. Practitioners in host countries receive these women for various reasons in consultation. Knowing their background allows us to support them and offer them care adapted to their needs and requests. The first step is systematic screening by professionals. Secondly, multidisciplinary care is essential: social actors, psychologists, sexologists, infectiologists, gynaecologists, pain specialists, etc. This requires specific training for professionals confronted with these populations.


Asunto(s)
Violencia Doméstica , Refugiados , Delitos Sexuales , Migrantes , Femenino , Infecciones por VIH , Humanos , Refugiados/psicología , Migrantes/psicología , Violencia
10.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(11): 3997-4008, 2019.
Artículo en Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664373

RESUMEN

Child abuse is a complex, multi-faceted and controversial topic. A retrospective cohort study aimed to characterize the profile of children victims of domestic violence and their aggressors and to evaluate the efficiency of judicial interventions. Ninety-eight cases lodged with the Infancy and Childhood Court involving 179 children and 121 perpetrators were analyzed. Negligence/abandonment (62%) and physical violence (30%) were the most frequent violations. Mothers were identified as the most frequent aggressor; monthly income of up to one minimum wage and history of alcohol use have been associated with violence. Seventy-one percent of victims were enrolled in educational institutions. In 25% of the cases the severity of the abuse required the removal of the child from the family. A third of the children were enrolled in official programs designed to provide the family with support, orientation and follow-up. This protective judicial intervention was successful in reducing abuse in 93% of the cases within 2 years. Prevention of child abuse requires the involvement of professionals of multiple fields at an early stage. The promotion and safeguarding of children's rights must come primarily from the implementation of public policy not judicial intervention.

11.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(10): 3763-3772, 2019.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577007

RESUMEN

The objective was to determine if suicide-related behavior (SRB) and health-related quality of life (HRQL) are associated and whether this association is independent of substance use, violence, and sociodemographic variables. It involved a cross-sectional study with 1,229 Mexican university students: 62.4% women; 37.6% men; age 18.2± .6 years. The YRBS and KISDSCREEN questionnaires were applied. The results were as follows: 14.2% students reported despair; 4.7% had suicidal ideation (SI); 4% had suicidal tendencies (ST); and 2.3% had attempted suicide. Multiple logistic regression models show that despair increased the possibility of lower scores in all HRQL domains except economic resources with odds ratio OR (CI 95%) ranging from 1.5 (1.0-2.3) for autonomy to 4.6 (3.1-6.8) for state of mind. The SI increased the possibility of a lower score in relationships with parents and family life (3.9, 1.7-8.9) and in friends and social support (2.9, 1.3-6.4). The ST increased the possibility for lower physical (2.7, 1.2-6.1) and psychological well-being (3.1, 1.3-7.2). HRQL is associated with SRB among Mexican students even after adjustment for substance use and violence. It highlights the fact that despair is negatively associated with different domains of the HRQL of the students.

12.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol ; 40(4): 399-402, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634153

RESUMEN

Biliary atresia (BA) is a fatal condition resulting in the lack of effective biliary drainage leading invariably to liver failure and cirrhosis within a year, and it is often lethal within a few months in the absence of corrective surgery or liver transplantation. In fact, BA is the most common indication for pediatric liver transplantation.Herein, we present a rare case of unexpected infant death due to BA diagnosed only postmortem in a context of child neglect and carelessness on the part of the parents. It emerged from the clinical history that after a few months, the parents no longer took their daughter to any medical checkups despite the indications and express recommendations for follow-up. The autopsy revealed agenesis of the gallbladder with BA and complete disruption of the hepatic architecture and parenchyma from biliary cirrhosis. Histological examinations documented severe biliary cirrhosis from hypoplasia of the biliary ducts.The child neglect in this case proved fatal inasmuch as an early diagnosis by a pediatrician would have likely allowed appropriate surgical treatment, thus avoiding the untimely death of the child. We highlight the importance of educating and informing parents (especially the disadvantaged) in matters of health. At the same time, primary care physicians should closely monitor the conditions and development of infants so as to recognize the early warning signs and symptoms of BA, bearing in mind that a timely diagnosis and proper surgical treatment can save the lives of most of these children.


Asunto(s)
Atresia Biliar/patología , Maltrato a los Niños , Resultado Fatal , Femenino , Vesícula Biliar/anomalías , Vesícula Biliar/patología , Humanos , Lactante , Cirrosis Hepática Biliar/patología
13.
Pregunta y respuesta en Portugués | SOF - Segunda Opinión Formativa | ID: sof-42673

RESUMEN

Os profissionais de saúde podem desenvolver atividades no âmbito da Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF) para ajudar o público adolescente a resolver conflitos de forma não violenta, através da mediação, da negociação e impulsionando esses jovens à compreensão da diversidade, da tolerância, do combate ao bullying, ao preconceito e à discriminação, estabelecendo relações de respeito mútuo e estreitando o índice de agressões e violência no ambiente familiar. Além disso, ressaltamos que é importante também estabelecer parceria com demais seguimentos sociais, como a escola, o Conselho Tutelar ou até mesmo com o Centro de Referência da Assistência Social (CRAS) para ajudar na resolução de conflitos e/ou promover a negociação.(3,4)


Asunto(s)
Estrategias , Conflicto (Psicología) , Servicios de Salud del Adolescente
15.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 7(4): 341-350, 30/09/2019.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023049

RESUMEN

Objetivo: analisar os fatores associados ao uso de álcool entre homens autores de violência por parceiro íntimo (VPI) no estado do Ceará. Métodos: estudo transversal-exploratório, com 152 homens em privação de liberdade por prática de VPI, sob custódia do Estado na Casa de Privação Provisória de Liberdade II. Dados coletados por questionário com quatro blocos: sócio demográfico, impulsividade (Barratt Impulsiveness Scale), uso abusivo de álcool e outras drogas (Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test) e histórico de violência. Os participantes foram categorizados em 0-10 para baixo risco; 11- 26 para risco moderado e > 27 para alto risco. Para análise, foi feita a correção de população finita. As associações em tabelas de contingência foram realizadas por meio do qui-quadrado de Pearson, cálculo da odds ratio e regressão logística com múltiplas variáveis independentes pelo IBM SPSS STATISTICS® 23.1. Resultados: a prevalência do uso de risco de álcool foi de XX%. Os fatores associados ao consumo de risco de álcool foram zona de nascimento (OR=6,52, P<0,001), uso de risco de tabaco (OR=7,94, P<0,001), autoafirmação de ciúmes (OR=2,66, P=0,017) e já ter sido casado/amasiado (OR=2,64, P<0,001). Conclusões: há elevada prevalência do uso de álcool entre os homens que perpetram VPI, tornando-se necessário o desenvolvimento de novos estudos e a criação de políticas públicas que influenciem na redução do consumo de álcool.


Asunto(s)
Violencia contra la Mujer , Trastornos Relacionados con Alcohol
16.
Fam Process ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506945

RESUMEN

Multi-informant assessment of family functioning is considered best practice in research and clinical settings. However, in the area of teen dating violence, multi-informant assessment of family functioning has received limited attention. The current study investigated whether and to what extent caregiver and adolescent perceptions of family functioning interact in their influence on adolescent dating violence. Participants were 493 adolescents and their primary caregivers from a rural southeastern community in the United States. As hypothesized, a paired-samples t test showed that adolescents' scores on the family functioning measure were significantly lower than their caregivers' scores. Logistic regressions revealed that adolescents' positive views of family functioning were significantly associated with a lower likelihood of dating violence victimization but not perpetration and that caregivers' views on family functioning moderated the impact of adolescent-reported family functioning on both dating violence outcomes. Post hoc analyses showed that adolescents with negative perceptions of family environment were most likely to be victims and perpetrators of dating violence when their parents also reported more negative views of family environment. The article concludes with a discussion of how these findings can: (a) advance our understanding of the impact of family functioning on teen dating relationships and (b) inform practical efforts aimed at preventing dating aggression among teens.

20.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(8): 2835-2844, ago. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011875

RESUMEN

Abstract Domestic violence (DV) is a serious public health problem in the world. DV against women is also a global problem without cultural, geographic, religious, social, economic or national boundaries. This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the situations of DV in women living in Istanbul and the Aegean Region in Turkey. The study population included outpatient clinics of state hospitals both regions. A stratified sampling by age was performed and 1100 women were included into the sample. Data were collected at face-to-face interviews with Domestic Violence Against Women Determination Scale. The mean age of the women living in Istanbul was 41.81 ± 9.75 years and Aegean Region was 33.72 ± 11.38 years. The prevalence of emotional and financial violence were higher in Istanbul and the Aegean Region. The women living in Istanbul got higher scores for Domestic Violence Against Women Determination Scale. The prevalence of the women reporting to suffer from violence from their spouses was 15.4% in Istanbul and 14% in the Aegean Region. While the prevalence of the women suffering from violence was higher in Istanbul, the women in Aegean Region suffered from more severe violence. The violence prevalence was lower among the wives and the husbands with high education levels, employed women and high-income families.


Resumo A violência doméstica (VD) é um grave problema de saúde pública no mundo. VD contra as mulheres também é um problema global sem fronteiras culturais, geográficas, religiosas, sociais, econômicas ou nacionais. Este estudo descritivo transversal foi realizado para determinar as situações de VD em mulheres que vivem em Istambul e na região do Egeu, na Turquia. Foi realizada uma amostragem estratificada por idade e 1.100 mulheres foram incluídas na amostra. Os dados foram coletados em entrevistas presenciais com a Escala de Determinação de Violência Doméstica Contra a Mulher. A idade média das mulheres que vivem em Istambul foi de 41.81 ± 9.75 anos e a região do Egeu foi de 33.72 ± 11.38 anos. As prevalências de violência emocional e financeira foram maiores em Istambul e na região do Egeu. A pontuação na Escala de Determinação de Violência Doméstica Contra a Mulher foi mais elevada entre as mulheres que vivem em Istambul. A prevalência das mulheres que relatam sofrer violência de seus cônjuges foi de 15.4% em Istambul e 14% na região do Egeu. Embora a prevalência das mulheres que sofrem de violência tenha sido maior em Istambul, as da região do Egeu sofreram de violência mais grave. A prevalência da violência foi menor entre as esposas e os maridos com altos níveis de escolaridade, mulheres empregadas e famílias de alta renda.

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