Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 69
Filtrar
Más filtros










Intervalo de año de publicación
1.
Microb Pathog ; 154: 104821, 2021 Mar 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689816

RESUMEN

The common ponyfish Leiognathus equulus is a marine fish species with very high commercial value. Little information is available about its parasitic infections. Based on light and scanning electron microscopy, as well as sequencing and analysis of the partial regions of the ITS-1, 18S rRNA, COX1 genes, were employed for the systematic evaluation of a nematode parasite, which it first isolated from L. equulus in Jeddah Province, Red Sea, Saudi Arabia. Results revealed that this nematode parasite closely resembles the previously described Cucullanus bulbosus. Microscopic examination showed that it distinguished from congeners by the unique structure of hemispherical elevation at pseudobuccal capsule level, the ratio of esophagus/body length, spicules size, presence of pre-cloacal sucker, rod-shaped gubernaculum, and the arrangement of caudal papillae in males. Phylogenetic analyses based on ITS-1, 18S rRNA, and COX1 gene regions were constructed to investigate phylogenetic relationships between this parasite species and other related taxa. Results supported that Cucullanus bulbosus resembles a sister of Cucullanus genypteri, Cucullanus pulcherrimus, Cucullanus bourdini, Cucullanus extraneus, and Cucullanus hainanensis by using different genetic markers. This study provides more information about combining morphological and molecular data to identify Cucullanus species with the first natural occurrence in the common ponyfish inhabited in Saudi Arabia.

2.
Rev Argent Microbiol ; 2021 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531168

RESUMEN

Leishmaniasis is a major vector-borne disease triggered by an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite of the genus Leishmania and transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine female sand flies. This parasite causes a wide range of human diseases, from localized self-healing cutaneous lesions to fatal visceral infections. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic, antiproliferative, and apoptotic effects of curcumin on Leishmania major promastigotes (MHOM/SA/84/JISH) and to assess these effects on the cell cycle of promastigotes. The MTT colorimetric assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity and proliferation of promastigotes. Additionally, flow cytometry was used to analyze the cell cycle. The Annexin V/propidium iodide staining technique followed by flow cytometry was used to study the cell death induced by curcumin. In this study curcumin showed a potent antileishmanial effect, exhibiting cytotoxicity against L. major promastigotes. At 80µM, the survival in curcumin treated promastigotes reached 22%; however, the median lethal concentration of curcumin (LC50) was 35µM. The drug exerted its cytotoxic effect by inducing apoptosis. Curcumin-induced cell death in promastigotes reached 82.5% at 80µM concentration. In addition, curcumin delayed the cell cycle in the S-phase inhibiting cell proliferation. Thus, curcumin was shown to be effective against L. major promastigotes. Therefore, curcumin merits further research studies to demonstrate its efficacy in treating cutaneous leishmaniasis.

3.
J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol ; 336(1): 73-78, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351288

RESUMEN

Insecta is known to be the most diverse group of species, exhibiting numerous forms of endosymbiotic associations. Molecular techniques have provided significant indicators for insect-microbe interactions. The present study aimed to register one of the true bugs of pentatomomorpha and clarify its taxonomic position through phylogenetic analysis of the partial 16S rRNA gene region. A maximum likelihood analysis retrieved a generally well-supported phylogeny based on Tamura 3-parameter model. Based on the partial mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene sequences, a phylogenetic study of suborder Heteroptera relationships within Hemipteras' order was constructed. Sequences of 221 bases of the 3' end of the gene from 28 species within 16 families were analyzed. This analysis and bootstrap confidence revealed two major clades comprising four suborders within Hemiptera, with a close relationship between Heteroptera + (Sternorrhyncha + (Auchenorrhycha + Coleorrhyncha)). Infraorder Pentatomomorpha is forming a sister group with a substantial bootstrap value to Cimicomorpha. Pyrrhocoroidea forms a sister relationship with Lygaeoidea + Coreoidea. There is a close relationship between Largidae and Pyrrhocoridae within Pyrrhocoroidea. The results show that the present species is firmly embedded in the genus Arhaphe with 94.35% sequence resemblance to its congeners. Besides, the recovered hemipteran species considered a potential model group for studying different symbionts. We propose both phylogenetic and ecological evolutionary developmental biology viewpoints for a more synthetic understanding of insect populations' molecular evolution.

4.
Rev Argent Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023761

RESUMEN

In the present study, pentastomids belonging to the order Cephalobaenida were isolated from the lungs of Berber skinks Eumeces schneideri (Famiy: Scincidae), which were morphologically described by light and scanning electron microscopy and taxonomically justified by 18s rDNA molecular analyses of the parasites. Seventeen host specimens were collected from well-vegetated wadis at high altitudes, Jizan, Saudi Arabia as new type locality; twelve specimens (70.59%) were infected. All of the recovered parasites were adults, possessed small broadly triangular cephalothorax flattened on the ventral surface and merged smoothly with a uniformly thick and squat abdomen and terminated in a pair of divergent lobes. The results obtained indicated that the parasites belong to the sharp-tipped posterior-hook Raillietiella spp. distinguished from other raillietiedids of the same group some important characteristic features including annulus number, shape and dimensions of the buccal cadre, copulatory spicules, and anterior and posterior hooks. The anterior hook of the female specimens (n=5) had a blade length (AB) of 135±5 (110-146) µm and shank length (BC) 158±5 (150-169) µm while the posterior hook was much larger with AB measuring 221±5 (200-236) µm and BC 286±6 (280-289) µm. For the male specimens (n=5), the anterior hook had an AB of 73±3 (72-75) µm and a BC 102±5 (100-103) µm. The posterior hook was much larger with AB 190.6±5 (190-191) µm and BC 221±5 (280-289) µm. The morphological characterization of the recovered parasites was closely similar to R. aegypti previously isolated from the same host. Sequence alignment by the maximum likelihood analysis for the data obtained from the 18S rDNA analysis of the parasites exhibits identities ranging between 88-95% with pentastomid genera recovered from the GenBank. The phylogenetic tree supported the inclusion of the parasites within the monophyletic Pentastomida clade with maximum identity to the raillietiellid species. The recovered sequences from the present study were deposited in GenBank under Accession number MK970649.1. The present molecular analysis was the first to confirm the taxonomic position of R. aegypti isolated from the host examined.

5.
Microb Pathog ; 149: 104597, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33127534

RESUMEN

The current study was carried out to investigate the natural occurrence of nematode parasites that infect the common ponyfish Leiognathus equulus from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Third-stage nematode larvae were found to be encysted in the peritoneum of the fish studied, with the prevalence of infection being 25%. Light microscopy revealed that this parasite belongs to the Anisakidae family within the genus Terranova by having all the generic characteristic features. Based on the intestinal caecum ratio to the length of the ventriculus being 2:1, the excretory pore with ventral location below the boring tooth, the body ended with a conical tail; the larvae found in the present study were identified as Terranova larval type. To validate its taxonomic position within Anisakidae, this Terranova species' morphological features were combined with the ITS-1 gene's molecular analysis. It demonstrated sequence similarities 94.38-76.57% with taxa of Anisakidae. A preliminary genetic comparison between the present parasite and other ascaridoids placed it as a putative sister taxon to the previously described Terranova species. The first record of the current anisakid larvae in the common ponyfish with a unique genetic sequence for the partial sequence of the ITS-1 gene was observed in this study. Its taxonomic position was confirmed in Anisakidae.

6.
Acta Parasitol ; 2020 Aug 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816183

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is an acute and chronic disease of the genus Schistosoma triggered by blood flukes. Schistosomiasis is a disease occurring in, or endemic to, tropical and subtropical regions. A new concept was implemented to deal with schistosomiasis from natural plant sources. Curcumin's common name is Turmeric. Curcumin has proven to be main active component in Curcuma longa L. and has a wide range of anti-phrastic effects. Previous studies have shown the role of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) therapy in hepatic fibrosis recovery. OBJECTIVE: The current study was, therefore, intended to examine therapeutic role of BMSCs and Turmeric in murine schistosomiasis mansoni. ANIMALS: Mice were divided into five groups: a negative control group (non-infected non-treated), a positive control group (infected non-treated), a BMSCs treated group; Turmeric treated group, and untreated group. BMSCs derived from male mice were injected intraperitoneally into female mice receiving S. mansoni cercariae through the subcutaneous route. Liver histopathology and immuno-histochemical examinations were evaluated. RESULTS: BMSCs intraperitoneal injection resulted in a significant reduction of liver collagen, granuloma size, and significant increase of OV-6 expression in the Schistosomiasis-treated mice group. There was overall improvement in pathological changes of the liver. Unfortunately, group IV showed a mild improvement in the granuloma size and fibrosis compared to corresponding BMSCs treatment group, although with vacuolated liver cells. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: BMSCs have a regenerative potential in liver tissue histopathology by decreasing liver fibrosis and granulomas. Turmeric, by contrast, could not be used as an anti-fibrotic, according to the findings.

7.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(3): e005120, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638835

RESUMEN

Siganids are the most important marine fish distributed along the African coast. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate parasite fauna infects one of the most important mariculture fish species in the Red Sea, the Rabbit fish Siganus rivulatus. One acanthocephalan species has been isolated from the posterior region of fish intestine, belonging to the Neoechinorhynchidae family, and named as Neoechinorhynchus macrospinosus Amin & Nahhas, 1994 based on its morphological and morphometric features. In order to determine the accurate taxonomic position of this acanthocephalan species, molecular phylogenetic analysis was carried out based on the partial sequences of 18S rDNA gene region. The obtained data revealed that this species was associated with a close identity ˃71% for other species belonging to the Neoechinorhynchidae family. In addition, the recovered species deeply embedded in the Neoechinorhynchus genus, closely related to the previously described Neoechinorhynchus sp., N. mexicoensis, and N. golvani with identity percent of 95.14, 93.59, 93.59%, respectively. Therefore, the present study provide a better understanding about the taxonomic status of N. macrospinosus based on 18S rDNA that can be useful for achieving a proper assessment of biodiversity.


Asunto(s)
Acantocéfalos , Enfermedades de los Peces , Helmintiasis Animal , Filogenia , Acantocéfalos/anatomía & histología , Acantocéfalos/clasificación , Acantocéfalos/genética , Animales , ADN de Helmintos/genética , Enfermedades de los Peces/parasitología , Helmintiasis Animal/parasitología , ARN Ribosómico 18S/genética
8.
Microsc Res Tech ; 83(11): 1369-1380, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32656922

RESUMEN

Copepods are a common component of ectoparasite assemblages of all kinds of fish, from all environments and ecosystems. In the present investigation, a total of 80 specimens of the rosy goatfish Parupeneus rubescens were randomly collected from the Arabian Gulf, and then transported to the laboratory in order to be dissected and examined for the presence of copepodid infections. Copepod parasites were recovered from the gills of the infected fish. One copepod species within the Caligidae family was identified and labeled as Caligus elongates von Nordmann, 1832. This copepod species examined using light and scanning electron microscopy to observe the most characteristic generic features. Morphological and morphometric characterizations revealed differences between the identified species and other related copepodid species. Therefore, the present study showed that the rosy goatfish is a new host for this Caligus species and added a new locality record for this infection.

9.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(32): 40054-40060, 2020 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651798

RESUMEN

Malaria is a dangerous disease affecting millions around the globe. Biosynthesized nanoparticles are used against a variety of diseases including malaria worldwide. Here, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized from the leaf extracts of Indigofera oblongifolia have been used in the treatment of mice infected with Plasmodium chabaudi to evaluate the expression of iron regulatory genes in the spleen. Infrared spectroscopy was used to identify the expected classes of compounds in the extract. AgNPs were able to decrease the parasitemia nearly similar to the used reference drug, chloroquine. In addition, AgNPs significantly decreased the spleen index after infection. Moreover, the iron distribution was increased after the treatment. Finally, AgNPs could regulate the mice spleen iron regulatory genes, Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2), transferrin receptor 1 (TFR1) and hepcidin antimicrobial peptide (Hamp). Taken together, our findings indicate that AgNPs have antimalarial activity and can control the state of iron in spleen. We need further investigations to determine mechanisms of action of the AgNPs.


Asunto(s)
Nanopartículas del Metal , Plasmodium chabaudi , Animales , Hierro , Ratones , Extractos Vegetales , Hojas de la Planta , Plata , Bazo
10.
J Genet ; 992020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32482917

RESUMEN

Many studies on forensic entomology have focussed on Diptera and lack the Hymenopteras population. Nonetheless, hymenopterans are part of the entomofaunal colonization of a corpse. Morphologically, it is difficult to identify and distinguish between them. In this study, using mitochondrial DNA knowledge, the molecular analysis was performed to classify the recovered species of hymenoptera collected from rabbit carcass, quickly and accurately. A molecular identification method with a 251-bp fragment of the 16S ribosomal gene RNA (16S rRNA) from a single ant species was evaluated. The maximum likelihood method analysis has recovered a generally well-supported phylogeny, with most taxa and species groups currently being recognized as monophyletic. The aculeate consistsof some Hymenoptera's best known. Their sister group has traditionally been considered in Ichneumonoidea. In addition, Trigonaloidea was found as the aculeates' sister group and Crabronidae in Apoidea forming the Formicidae's sister group. These results will play an important role in the implementation of the Saudi database forensically relevant ants.

11.
Saudi J Biol Sci ; 27(5): 1390-1395, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346351

RESUMEN

Trypanosoma evansi is a hazardous pathogenic parasite infecting a broad variety of livestock and affects wildlife worldwide. Trypanosoma evansi has gained resistance to most drugs used; therefore, it requires alternative medicines. The objective of this research was to investigate the impact of Indigofera oblongifolia leaf extract (IE) on T. evansi-induced hepatic injury. Mice were once infected with 1000 T. evansi. The treated group was gavaged with 100 mg/Kg IE after infection. Histological and biochemical changes in mice hepatic tissue were studied. Also, the oxidative damage in the liver was evaluated through determining the level of glutathione (GSH), Malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO) and catalase (CAT) markers. IE was able to suppress the induced parasitemia due to infection. Also, IE improved the histological liver architecture. Furthermore, the liver enzymes, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were improved after IE mice were treated. IE protects against hepatic damage caused by trypanosomiasis in mice. Further studies are needed to isolate the active compounds in IE and to monitor these compunds' ameliorative function.

12.
Microsc Res Tech ; 83(8): 901-919, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243701

RESUMEN

Thirty white-spotted geckos, Tarentola annularis, from the South Sinai desert in Egypt, were examined for helminth parasites. Spauligodon aspiculus was observed to infect 19 geckos with 63.33% as a prevalence of parasitic infection. The present nematode species is separated from congeners by morphological and metrical characteristics such as lateral alae, aspinose filamentous tail, and no spicule, and three pairs of caudal papillae with posterior pair excluded from envelopment by the caudal alae in the male worms, and knobbed eggs, and postbulbar vulva in females. It compared morphometrically with other Spauligodon species described previously and showed few differences in measurements. Molecular characterization based on the partial 28S rRNA nuclear ribosomal gene sequence showed that there was a close identity, up to 72%, with other sequences retrieved from GenBank. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the parasite sequence in conjunction with existing data facilitates the investigation of the placement of this pharyngodonid species within Oxyuridae. The present species is deeply embedded in the genus Spauligodon with close relationships to previously described Spauligodon nicolauensis (gb| JN619349.1, and JF829243.1) as more related sister taxa. This study highlights the importance of combining genetic and morphological data with taxonomy in pharyngodonid species.

13.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(1): e020019, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236335

RESUMEN

Knowledge of the Arabian Gulf fish's parasite fauna is very poor. Until recently, only scattered reports from different locations are known for ecto- and endoparasites. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the digenean species that infects one of the most economically fish species in the Arabian Gulf, the rosy goatfish Parupeneus rubescens . One plagiorchiid species has been described, belonging to the Gorgoderidae family, and has been named as Phyllodistomum vaili Ho, Bray, Cutmore, Ward & Cribb, 2014 based on its morphological and morphometric characteristics. In order to accurately classify and characterize this plagiorchiid species, molecular analysis was carried out using both nuclear 18S and 28S rRNA gene regions and revealed that the present plagiorchiid species was associated with other species belonging to the Gorgoderidae family and deeply embedded in the Phyllodistomum genus, closely related to the previously described P. vaili (gb| KF013187.1, KF013173.1). The present study therefore revealed that the species Phyllodistomum is the first account as endoparasites from the rosy goatfish inhabiting the Arabian Gulf.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de los Peces/parasitología , Perciformes/parasitología , Trematodos/aislamiento & purificación , Animales , ADN Ribosómico/genética , Filogenia , ARN Ribosómico 18S , ARN Ribosómico 28S , Arabia Saudita , Trematodos/clasificación , Trematodos/genética
14.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(5): 3705-3718, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253705

RESUMEN

Thelandros is a genus of oxyurid nematodes which parasitize both omnivorous and herbivorous hosts. Thelandros chalcidiae sp. nov. is a new taxa described from the large intestine of the ocellated skink, Chalcides ocellatus, from the South Sinai Desert in Egypt. The recovered parasite species was examined at both morphological and molecular levels in order to determine the exact taxonomic position within Pharyngodonidae family. The current pharyngodonid species is characterized by a mouth opening bounded by three bilobed lips; male worms are characterized by the presence of two pairs of cloacal papillae (pre- and adcloacal) and one single caudal papillae (postcloacal) and caudal alae in an auricular form and females with post-equatorial vulva, amphidelphic ovary in which anterior ovary extended to level of excretory pore and posterior ovary extended posteriorly up anal opening. The recovered nematodes were compared with other known species from different hosts and it was found to be morphologically different from them. Molecular characterization based on the partial 28S rRNA nuclear ribosomal gene sequence showed sequence identities ≥ 83.15% with taxa under family Pharyngodonidae, 74.84-87.37% with Oxyuridae, 80.54% with Heteroxynematidae, and 75.98-77.72% with Thelastomatidea. Phylogenetic analysis showed that parasite sequence in conjunction with existing data facilitate placement of this species within Oxyurida. The present species is deeply embedded in genus Thelandros with close relationships to previously described Thelandros sp. and T. galloti in same taxon. This study highlighted importance of combining morphological and genetic data with taxonomy in pharyngodonid species.

15.
Microsc Microanal ; 26(2): 348-362, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131927

RESUMEN

Hymenolepis nana, typically a parasite found in conventionally established mouse colonies, has zoonotic potential characterized by autoinfection and direct life cycle. The objective of this study was to determine the rate of parasite infection in laboratory mice. The hymenolepidide cestode infected 40% of the 50 mice sampled. The rate of infection in males (52%) was higher than in females (28%). Morphological studies on the cestode parasite showed that worms had a globular scolex with four suckers, a retractable rostellum with 20-30 hooks, and a short unsegmented neck. In addition, the remaining strobila consisted of immature, mature, and gravid proglottids, irregularly alternating genital pores, lobulated ovaries, postovarian vitelline glands, and uteri with up to 200 eggs in their gravid proglottids. The parasite taxonomy was confirmed by using molecular characterization based on the sequence analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (mtCOX1) gene. The parasite recovered was up to 80% identical to other species in GenBank. High blast scores and low divergence were noted between the isolated parasite and previously described H. nana (gb| AP017666.1). The phylogenetic analysis using the COX1 sequence places this hymenolepidid species of the order Cyclophyllidea.

16.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(15): 17762-17769, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32162231

RESUMEN

Biosynthesized nanoparticles proposed to have antiplasmodial activities have attracted increasing attention for malaria that considered being one of the foremost hazardous diseases. In this study, Indigofera oblongifolia leaf extracts were used for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), which were characterized utilizing transmission electron microscopy. We investigated the antiplasmodial and hepatoprotective effects of AgNPs against Plasmodium chabaudi-induced infection in mice. Treatment of the infected mice with 50 mg/kg AgNPs for seven days caused a significant decrease in parasitemia and reduced the histopatholoical changes in the liver, as indicated by Ishak's histology index. Further, the AgNPs alleviated the oxidative damage in the liver infected with P. chabaudi. This was evidenced by the changed levels of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, and glutathione, as well as increased catalase activity after treatment with AgNPs. In addition, levels of the liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase were increased after treatment. Moreover, the findings showed the efficiency of AgNPs in improving the infected mice's erythrocyte counts and hemoglobin content. Generally, our results reported that AgNPs possess antiplasmodial and hepatoprotective properties.


Asunto(s)
Malaria , Nanopartículas del Metal , Animales , Hígado , Ratones , Extractos Vegetales , Plata
17.
Saudi J Biol Sci ; 27(2): 594-598, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32210676

RESUMEN

Due to the endless emergence of drug resistant pathogens, there is a constant need for new therapeutic agents for clinical use. The identification of active components in natural products and determining the efficacy of these active components has become the current focus of pharmacological research. The present study aimed to evaluate the anthelmintic and antimicrobial activities of Indigofera oblongifolia leaf extract (ILE) against the earthworm Allolobophora caliginosa, the gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus cereus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus aureus), the gram-negative bacteria (Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli) and the yeast Candida albicans. Methanolic extract of I. oblongifolia leaf was obtained and the total phenolics and flavonoids in ILE were determined. The anthelmintic study was carried out to determine the time to paralysis and time to death of worms using three doses (100, 200, and 300 mg/mL) of ILE. Also, Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion susceptibility method was used to determine the antimicrobial activity of ILE. The results showed that ILE induces paralysis and death of A. caliginosa at all concentration tested faster than the reference drug, Albendazole. Additionally, ILE exhibited prominent antimicrobial activity against all gram-positive bacteria tested but almost no significant activity against the gram-negative bacteria, except K. pneumoniae. ILE showed close similarity to the spectrum of chloramphenicol and cefoxitin activities. Furthermore, C. albicans was highly susceptible to the leaf extracts. Our results showed that ILE is an effective anthelmintic and antimicrobial agent.

18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(11): 12395-12404, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993909

RESUMEN

Myristica fragrans, commonly known as nutmeg, belongs to the Myristicaceae family and is used as a spice and for its medicinal properties. The purpose of this study was to assess the neuroprotective effect of M. fragrans seed methanolic extract (MFE) on scopolamine-induced oxidative damage, inflammation, and apoptosis in male rat cortical tissue. MFE or N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a standard antioxidant drug, was administered 7 days before treatment with scopolamine resulted in high levels of malondialdehyde and nitric oxide (oxidative stress biomarkers), tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta (inflammatory mediators), and Bax and caspase-3 pro-apoptotic proteins. Additionally, scopolamine significantly depleted levels of glutathione (an antioxidant marker), Bcl-2 and c-FLIP (anti-apoptotic proteins), and antioxidant enzymes activity in cortical tissue. Scopolamine also enhanced acetylcholinesterase activity. MFE treatment protected the cortex of rats from the effects of scopolamine by reversing the effects on these toxicity markers. Interestingly, the neuroprotective effect of MFE was comparable to that exerted by the reference antioxidant NAC. Thus, our findings show that MFE has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic effects. The beneficial effects of MFE on scopolamine were partially mediated by promoting heme oxygenase 1 (Hmox1) expression and preserving cortical tissue structure.


Asunto(s)
Myristica , Animales , Antioxidantes , Masculino , Estrés Oxidativo , Extractos Vegetales , Ratas , Escopolamina , Semillas
19.
Acta Parasitol ; 65(1): 208-224, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832920

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Parasitism is a complex problem that is often ignored in companion animals, including birds, unless it develops into a severe clinical disorder. The present study was, therefore, aimed to investigate the presence of the gastrointestinal nematode infecting the domestic pigeon and provide a complete morphological description and clarify its taxonomic position through phylogenetic analysis of the ITS1-5.8s-ITS2 rDNA gene region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the current study, a total of twenty-six domestic pigeons, Columba livia domestica, were collected and internal organs examined for helminth detection. Using light and scanning electron microscopy, the recovered parasite species are studied. In addition, the selected gene region was obtained and sequenced using appropriate primers that aid in the formation of the phylogenetic dendrogram for the recovered parasite species with others retrieved from GenBank. RESULTS: Morphological examination showed that this nematode parasite belongs to the Ascaridiidae family within the genus Ascaridia. The material was assigned to the previously described Ascaridia columbae by providing all the characteristic features as the presence of a mouth opening surrounded by three tri-lobed lips; each lip has two triangular teeth with a spoon-like structure, cephalic papillae and amphidal pores on lips surface, presence of lateral cuticular alae and pre-cloacal sucker, 10 pairs of caudal papillae, and two equal spicules in male worms. The morphological investigations of this species were supplemented by molecular analysis of ITS1-5.8s-ITS2 rDNA gene region. The data showed that the present A. coulmbae is deeply embedded in the Ascaridia genus with a 74-99% sequence similarity to other species in the Chromadorea class. Ascaridiidae appears as monophyly and represented as a sister group to Heterakidae. The ascaridiid species examined belong to the Ascaridia genus and displaced a close relationship with the previously described A. coulmbae (gb| KF147909.1, gb| AJ001509.1, gb| KC905082.1, gb| JQ995321.1, gb| JX624729.1) as putative sister taxa. CONCLUSION: The present study revealed that the species Ascaridia is the first account of this genus as an endoparasite from the domestic pigeon inhabiting Saudi Arabia. Therefore, the combination of morphological and molecular studies helps to identify this species correctly and identified as Ascaridia columbae.


Asunto(s)
Ascaridia/clasificación , Ascaridia/ultraestructura , Ascaridiasis/veterinaria , Columbidae/parasitología , Tracto Gastrointestinal/parasitología , Parasitosis Intestinales/veterinaria , Animales , Ascaridiasis/epidemiología , Enfermedades de las Aves/epidemiología , Enfermedades de las Aves/parasitología , ADN de Helmintos/genética , ADN Ribosómico/genética , Femenino , Parasitosis Intestinales/epidemiología , Masculino , Microscopía , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo , Filogenia , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología
20.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 29(1): e020019, 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092690

RESUMEN

Abstract Knowledge of the Arabian Gulf fish's parasite fauna is very poor. Until recently, only scattered reports from different locations are known for ecto- and endoparasites. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the digenean species that infects one of the most economically fish species in the Arabian Gulf, the rosy goatfish Parupeneus rubescens . One plagiorchiid species has been described, belonging to the Gorgoderidae family, and has been named as Phyllodistomum vaili Ho, Bray, Cutmore, Ward & Cribb, 2014 based on its morphological and morphometric characteristics. In order to accurately classify and characterize this plagiorchiid species, molecular analysis was carried out using both nuclear 18S and 28S rRNA gene regions and revealed that the present plagiorchiid species was associated with other species belonging to the Gorgoderidae family and deeply embedded in the Phyllodistomum genus, closely related to the previously described P. vaili (gb- KF013187.1, KF013173.1). The present study therefore revealed that the species Phyllodistomum is the first account as endoparasites from the rosy goatfish inhabiting the Arabian Gulf.


Resumo O conhecimento da fauna de parasitas dos peixes do Golfo Árabe é escasso. Atualmente, apenas relatórios dispersos de diferentes locais são conhecidos para ecto e endoparasitas. Portanto, o presente estudo teve como objetivo investigar as especies digenéticas que infectam uma das espécies economicamente mais importantes do Golfo Arábico, o peixe-cabra rosado Parupeneus rubescens . Uma espécie de plagiorquídeo foi descrita, pertencente à família Gorgoderidae e foi denominada Phyllodistomum vaili Ho, Bray, Cutmore, Ward & Cribb, 2014, com base em suas propriedades morfológicas e morfométricas. A fim de classificar e caracterizar com precisão essa espécie de plagiorquídeo, a análise molecular foi realizada usando as regiões nucleares do gene 18S e 28S rRNA, revelando que a atual espécie de plagiorchídeo estava associada a outras espécies pertencentes à família Gorgoderidae e, profundamente incorporada ao gênero Phyllodistomum , intimamente relacionado ao P. vaili descrito anteriormente (gb - KF013187.1, KF013173.1). O presente estudo revelou, portanto, que a espécie Phyllodistomum vailli é o primeiro relato como endoparasita do peixe-cabra rosado que habita o Golfo Arábico.


Asunto(s)
Animales , Trematodos/aislamiento & purificación , Perciformes/parasitología , Enfermedades de los Peces/parasitología , Filogenia , Arabia Saudita , Trematodos/clasificación , Trematodos/genética , ADN Ribosómico/genética , ARN Ribosómico 18S , ARN Ribosómico 28S
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...