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1.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J ; : 1055665620927584, 2020 May 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462928

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the transverse craniofacial dimensions of patients (age, 7-14 years) with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), compare these dimensions with those of noncleft individuals, and identify the correlations between the nasal and maxillary transverse widths of patients with UCLP. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty patients operated on for complete UCLP (UCLP group; 35 girls, 45 boys; median age: 10.7 [7.9-14] years) and 80 age- and sex-matched noncleft individuals (control group; 35 girls, 45 boys; median age: 10.7 [7.3-14] years). INTERVENTIONS: Interorbital, bizygomatic, nasal, maxillary skeletal, maxillary molar, mandibular molar, and antegonial width measurements were performed using posteroanterior cephalometric radiographs. Intergroup comparisons were conducted by using the independent samples t-test and Mann-Whitney U test. Correlation between the variables was examined using Pearson correlation analysis. RESULTS: The bizygomatic, maxillary skeletal and molar, mandibular molar, and antegonial widths in the UCLP group were significantly less than those in the control group (P < .05). A positive correlation was found between the maxillary skeletal and nasal widths (r = 0.550, P < .001) and between the maxillary molar and nasal widths (r = 0.560, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: In individuals with UCLP, the bizygomatic, maxillary skeletal and molar, mandibular molar, and antegonial widths were significantly less than those in noncleft individuals. As the maxillary skeletal and dental widths presented a positive correlation with the nasal width, a decrease in nasal width must be considered when maxillary constriction is noted.

2.
J Craniofac Surg ; 31(3): 796-800, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31934978

RESUMEN

Improvement of the harmony between facial subunits is the ultimate goal of orthognathic surgery and surgeons must accurately make soft tissue projections for planned bony movements. Yet, few studies have examined the effects' of orthognathic surgery on aesthetic parameters of nasolabial area on a thorough basis.This retrospective study included 61 patients that underwent orthognathic surgery. Demographic data, evaluation period, and surgical details were analyzed. Superficial topographical analysis of intercanthal distance, alar width, nasal height, nasal length, nasal tip protrusion, upper lip height, nasal bone angle, supratip break angle, nasal dorsum angle, nasal tip angle, columellar-lobular angle, columellar-labial angle, upper lip angle, and tip-to-midline angle was recorded before and after surgery. Postoperative changes in these parameters and their correlation to maxillary movements were analyzed.Alar width, upper lip height, columellar-labial angle, supratip break angle, nasal dorsum angle, and upper lip angle increased postsurgery, whereas tip-to-midline angle decreased. Upper lip height and columellar-labial angle were significantly correlated with clockwise/counter-clockwise rotation and anterior re-positioning. Columellar-labial angle increased 2° for each 1 mm of anterior movement and decreased 4° for each 1 mm of counter-clockwise rotation. Novel parameters, such as columellar-lobular angle and tip-to-midline angle, were not associated with any maxillary movement postsurgery.Orthognathic surgery primarily affected the lower third of the nose and changed alar width, upper lip height, supratip break angle, nasal dorsum angle, columellar-labial angle, upper lip angle, and tip-to-midline angle in this region; however, only columellar-labial angle and upper lip height were found to be correlated solely with maxillary movements.

3.
Prog Orthod ; 20(1): 46, 2019 Dec 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840204

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To compare the clinical efficiency of premium heat-activated copper nickel-titanium (Tanzo Cu-NiTi) and NT3 superelastic NiTi during initial orthodontic alignment. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 different archwire types (group 1, Tanzo Cu-NiTi; group 2, NT3 superelastic NiTi). Eligibility criteria included Class I or Class II malocclusion, moderate maxillary anterior crowding, and healthy periodontal condition. Impressions of the upper arches were taken before archwire placement (T0) and at every 4 weeks (T1, T2, T3, and T4). For T1 and T2 stages, 0.014-in., and for T3 and T4 stages, 0.018-in. archwires were used. The primary outcome was the alignment efficiency assessed using Little's irregularity index. The secondary outcomes were arch width and incisor inclination changes. Data were analyzed using independent samples t test, repeated measures ANOVA, and Mann-Whitney U test. Marginal models were established for the estimation of coefficients. RESULTS: The anterior irregularity index reduction was mostly observed between T0 and T2 periods, which were respectively - 7.40 ± 0.50 mm (p < 0.001; 95% CI, - 8.94, - 5.85) and - 6.80 ± 0.55 mm (p < 0.001; 95% CI, - 8.49, - 5.12) for groups 1 and 2 (p < 0.001). With both wires, Little's irregularity index decreased over time, and the difference between the groups was not significant (p = 0.581; estimated effect size, 0.011). No statistically significant difference was found between the groups in terms of intercanine and intermolar width and incisor inclination changes. CONCLUSION: There were no significant between-group differences in alignment efficiency, arch width, and incisor inclination change. There was an increased alignment with 0.014-in. compared with 0.018-in. diameter archwire.


Asunto(s)
Níquel , Titanio , Adolescente , Cobre , Aleaciones Dentales , Calor , Humanos , Alambres para Ortodoncia
4.
Angle Orthod ; 89(4): 575-582, 2019 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30694706

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare growth-related changes of skeletal and upper airway features of unilateral cleft lip and palate subjects (UCLP) with non-cleft control (NCC) subjects by using lateral cephalograms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 238 subjects, collected cross-sectionally, divided into 2 groups: 94 with UCLP, and 144 NCC, subdivided into 4 groups according to their growth stages by using cervical vertebral maturation stage (CVMS). The subgroups were defined as early childhood (stage 1), prepubertal (stage 2: CVMS I and II), pubertal (stage 3: CVMS III and IV), and postpubertal (stage 4: CVMS V and VI). RESULTS: The maxilla was more retrognathic at stages 2, 3, and 4 in females with UCLP. The mandible was more retrognathic in UCLP at stage 1 in males, and stages 2 and 3 in females. ANB (angle between NA plane and NB plane) was significantly smaller in UCLP subjects at stage 4 for both sexes. A vertical growth pattern was seen in UCLP subjects except males at stages 2 and 3, and females at stage 2. Posterior airway space was significantly narrower at all stages in males and after stage 1 in females. Middle airway space was significantly wider at all stages in females and after stage 1 in males. Epiglottic airway space was significantly narrower in males at stage 3. CONCLUSIONS: Age- and sex-dependent differences in skeletal morphology and upper-airway widths of the UCLP subjects were identified when compared with controls.


Asunto(s)
Labio Leporino , Fisura del Paladar , Sistema Respiratorio , Cefalometría , Niño , Preescolar , Labio Leporino/complicaciones , Fisura del Paladar/complicaciones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar , Sistema Respiratorio/crecimiento & desarrollo , Anomalías del Sistema Respiratorio
5.
Korean J Orthod ; 48(6): 367-376, 2018 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30450329

RESUMEN

Objective: This study was performed to investigate the changes in alveolar bone after maxillary incisor intrusion and to determine the related factors in deep-bite patients. Methods: Fifty maxillary central incisors of 25 patients were evaluated retrospectively. The maxillary incisors in Group I (12 patients; mean age, 16.51 ± 1.32 years) were intruded with a base-arch, while those in Group II (13 patients; mean age, 17.47 ± 2.71 years) were intruded with miniscrews. Changes in the alveolar envelope were assessed using pre-intrusion and post-intrusion cone-beam computed tomography images. Labial, palatal, and total bone thicknesses were evaluated at the crestal (3 mm), midroot (6 mm), and apical (9 mm) levels. Buccal and palatal alveolar crestal height, buccal bone height, and the prevalence of dehiscence were evaluated. Two-way repeated measure ANOVA was used to determine the significance of the changes. Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis was performed to assess the relationship between dental and alveolar bone measurement changes. Results: Upper incisor inclination and intrusion changes were significantly greater in Group II than in Group I. With treatment, the alveolar bone thickness at the labial bone thickness (LBT, 3 and 6 mm) decreased significantly in Group II (p < 0.001) as compared to Group I. The LBT change at 3 mm was strongly and positively correlated with the amount of upper incisor intrusion (r = 0.539; p = 0.005). Conclusions: Change in the labial inclination and the amount of intrusion should be considered during upper incisor intrusion, as these factors increase the risk of alveolar bone loss.

6.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 153(4): 489-495, 2018 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602340

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the influence of presurgical nasoalveolar molding (NAM) on skeletal development in patients with operated unilateral cleft lip and palate at 5 years of age. MATERIALS: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 26 unilateral cleft lip and palate patients who had undergone presurgical NAM (NAM group) and 20 unilateral cleft lip and palate patients who did not have any presurgical NAM (non-NAM group) were analyzed. The radiographs were digitally traced using Quick Ceph Studio software (version 3.5.1.r (1151); Quick Ceph Systems, San Diego, Calif). Independent samples t tests were performed for statistical analysis. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed in sagittal and vertical skeletal measurements between the NAM and non-NAM groups. CONCLUSIONS: NAM resulted in no significant difference in skeletal development in unilateral cleft lip and palate patients compared with those without NAM in early childhood.


Asunto(s)
Proceso Alveolar/anomalías , Labio Leporino/terapia , Fisura del Paladar/terapia , Nariz/anomalías , Rinoplastia , Proceso Alveolar/cirugía , Cefalometría/métodos , Preescolar , Labio Leporino/diagnóstico por imagen , Labio Leporino/cirugía , Fisura del Paladar/diagnóstico por imagen , Fisura del Paladar/cirugía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar/cirugía , Nariz/diagnóstico por imagen , Nariz/cirugía , Ortodoncia Correctiva/métodos , Aparatos Ortopédicos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Rinoplastia/métodos , Acero Inoxidable , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
J Orofac Orthop ; 78(2): 153-165, 2017 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28084515

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Aim of this retrospective study was to compare soft tissue effects of Class II treatments with the forsus fatigue resistant device (FRD), the pendulum appliance, and the extraction of two maxillary premolars, all of which were combined with pre-adjusted fixed appliances. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The sample of 54 patients with Class II malocclusions was divided in three groups: group I patients (mean age = 15.91 years) were treated with the FRD concurrently used with fixed appliances; group II patients (mean age = 16.08 years) were treated with the pendulum appliance combined with a Nance and headgear followed by fixed appliances; and group III patients (mean age = 19.04 years) were treated with the extraction of two maxillary premolars with miniscrew anchorage. Soft tissue and dentoskeletal parameters were measured on pretreatment (T1) and posttreatment (T2) lateral cephalograms. The changes from T1 to T2 were compared between the groups using Kruskal-Wallis test, and treatment differences were evaluated with the Wilcoxon test at p < 0.05. RESULT: Soft tissue measurement changes related to the upper and lower lips were significantly greater in group II than in group III (p < 0.05). Upper incisor measurement changes were significantly different between groups II and III. Lower incisor measurement changes were significantly different between groups I and III and groups II and III (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Pendulum and extraction treatment groups showed significant differences in relation with the upper and lower lip positional changes, which were significantly greater in the pendulum group. Treatment time with the extraction treatment was statistically shorter than with the nonextraction protocols.


Asunto(s)
Tejido Conectivo/patología , Aparatos de Tracción Extraoral , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II/diagnóstico , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II/terapia , Métodos de Anclaje en Ortodoncia/instrumentación , Extracción Dental/métodos , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental/instrumentación , Adolescente , Diente Premolar/cirugía , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maloclusión de Angle Clase I , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
8.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 149(6): 830-7, 2016 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27241993

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to comparatively evaluate different bracket types (conventional, active self-ligating, and passive self-ligating) combined with broad archwires in terms of maxillary dental arch widths and molar inclinations. METHODS: Forty-six patients aged 13 to 17 years with moderate maxillary and mandibular crowding and a Class I malocclusion were included in this prospective clinical trial. The primary outcome measures were changes in maxillary arch width dimensions and molar inclinations. The secondary outcome measures were changes in maxillary and mandibular incisor inclinations. Group I included 15 patients (mean age, 14.4 ± 1.5 years) treated with 0.022-in active self-ligating brackets. Group II included 15 patients (mean age, 14.4 ± 1.6 years) treated with 0.022-in Roth prescription conventional brackets. Group III was a retrospective group of 16 patients (mean age, 14.8 ± 1.0 years) previously treated with 0.022-in passive self-ligating brackets. Each participant underwent alignment with the standard Damon archwire sequence. Whereas the differences among groups were evaluated by 1-way analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis tests, the paired-samples t test was applied for intragroup comparisons. For all possible multiple comparisons, the Bonferroni correction was applied to control for type I error. RESULTS: The maxillary intercanine, interpremolar, and intermolar widths were significantly greater after treatment in each bracket group. However, when the levels of expansion achieved among the 3 groups were compared, no significant difference was found. Although all posteroanterior cephalometric variables showed significant changes during treatment in all groups, these changes were not significant among the groups. A statistically significant labial proclination of the teeth was seen in each group. CONCLUSIONS: No differences in maxillary arch dimensional changes or molar and incisor inclination changes were found in conventional and active and passive self-ligating brackets used with broad archwires.


Asunto(s)
Arco Dental/anatomía & histología , Maxilar/anatomía & histología , Soportes Ortodóncicos , Alambres para Ortodoncia , Adolescente , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Diente Molar , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Estudios Prospectivos , Estudios Retrospectivos
9.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 148(4): 576-86, 2015 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26432313

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The craniofacial morphology of subjects with cleft lip and palate differs from that of subjects without clefts. Subjects with bilateral cleft lip and palate tend to have maxillary retrognathism, a smaller mandible with an obtuse gonial angle, greater anterior upper and lower facial heights, and retroclined maxillary incisors. The purposes of this research were to compare the skeletal and upper-airway features of subjects with bilateral cleft lip and palate with the same features in control subjects without clefts and to determine the growth-related changes at different growth stages. METHODS: The sample comprised 212 subjects divided into 2 groups: 68 with bilateral cleft lip and palate, and 144 controls without clefts; each group was further divided into 4 subgroups according to growth stage using the cervical vertebral maturation stage method. The subgroups were defined as early childhood (stage 1), prepubertal (stage 2), pubertal (stage 3), and postpubertal (stage 4). The cephalometric variables were evaluated with 2-way analysis of variance and the Bonferroni test. RESULTS: Maxillary position showed no significant differences between the male groups. The maxilla was more prognathic at stage 2 and became more retrognathic at stages 3 and 4 in the females. The mandible was more retrusive in the bilateral cleft lip and palate subjects at stage 1 in males and at stages 3 and 4 in females. ANB was larger at stages 1 and 2, and it became similar to the controls at stages 3 and 4 in male and female bilateral cleft lip and palate subjects. Vertical growth was seen in the bilateral cleft lip and palate subjects regardless of sex, and no change was observed with age. Posterior airway space was narrower in all stages (except for stage 1 in females). Middle airway space was wider after stage 1 in the male and female bilateral cleft lip and palate subjects. Inferior airway space was narrower in the male bilateral cleft lip and palate patients at the early childhood and pubertal stages. CONCLUSIONS: Age- and sex-dependent differences in skeletal morphology and upper-airway widths of the bilateral cleft lip and palate subjects were identified when compared with the control subjects without clefts.


Asunto(s)
Labio Leporino/fisiopatología , Fisura del Paladar/fisiopatología , Huesos Faciales/crecimiento & desarrollo , Faringe/crecimiento & desarrollo , Adolescente , Determinación de la Edad por el Esqueleto/métodos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Cefalometría/métodos , Vértebras Cervicales/crecimiento & desarrollo , Niño , Preescolar , Labio Leporino/patología , Fisura del Paladar/patología , Huesos Faciales/patología , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/crecimiento & desarrollo , Mandíbula/patología , Maxilar/crecimiento & desarrollo , Maxilar/patología , Faringe/patología , Pubertad/fisiología , Retrognatismo/patología , Retrognatismo/fisiopatología , Factores Sexuales , Dimensión Vertical , Adulto Joven
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