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1.
Pak J Biol Sci ; 24(1): 146-150, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683041

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hepcidin, a key element in iron hemostasis, is a small antimicrobial peptide encoded by the HAMP gene on 19q13. Several studies have revealed that the expression of hepcidin is influenced by single nucleotide polymorphisms located in the promoter region of HAMP. Therefore, this research aimed to study the frequency distribution of HAMP promoter genetic variants and their associations with serum iron, serum transferrin and serum ferritin levels in Saudi Arabian women (aged 15-25). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 108 female subjects, among whom 50 had normal levels of iron and 58 were iron deficient. All participants were enrolled at the University of Tabuk. The HAMP promoter rs10421768 A>G gene polymorphism (c.-582 A>G) was detected by using an allele-specific or amplification-refractory mutation PCR system. The AS-PCR primers were designed by using Primer3 software. RESULTS: The frequencies of HAMP promoter rs10421768 genotypes AA, AG and GG were 3.45, 96.55 and 0% in the iron-deficient women and 12, 88 and 0% in the healthy women, respectively. The distributions of the HAMP promoter c.-582 A>G genotypes observed between the iron-deficient and normal women were not significantly different (p = 0.239). A significant difference in the HAMP genotype (c.-582 A>G) between the iron-deficient women and healthy women was associated with reduced serum iron (p = 0.049). CONCLUSION: The results indicated that the HAMP genotype (c.-582 A>G) was associated with reduced serum iron in women in northern Saudi Arabia. However, no significant difference was found between healthy women and iron-deficient women.

2.
IUBMB Life ; 72(10): 2121-2132, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710811

RESUMEN

Sepsis results from a major systemic inflammatory response and can induce disorders in multiple organs. The present study evaluated the potential protective effects of oleuropein (OLE) against hyperinflammatory responses during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis in mice. Sixty male Balb/c mice were randomly categorized into five groups of 12 animals each: control, intraperitoneally injected with OLE (50 mg/kg), injected with LPS (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneal), and two groups administered OLE (25 and 50 mg/kg) for 3 days prior to LPS injection. Twenty-four hours after lipopolysaccharide injection, the animals were sacrificed. Serum, liver, and kidney tissue samples were collected for biochemical analyses, histopathological examinations, and investigation of inflammation-related gene expression. OLE pretreatment significantly reduced liver damage parameters (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase) and kidney damage parameters (blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, and kidney injury molecule-1) in the septic mice. OLE pretreatment ameliorated LPS-induced liver and kidney histological changes. OLE significantly mitigated the increased levels of malondialdehyde in the liver and kidneys and reduced levels of reduced glutathione induced by LPS. LPS injection also resulted in increased expression of the proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6) and inflammation-related genes (Nos2, Hmgb1, Mpo, Cd46, Map2k4, and Map2k7) in the hepatic and renal tissues. OLE reduced these expressions to ameliorate the inflammatory response. Moreover, OLE pretreatment enhanced the survival rate of septic mice. In conclusion, OLE alleviated the inflammatory response to protect against LPS-induced sepsis in mice.

3.
Gene ; 751: 144767, 2020 Aug 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422234

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Intheclinical setting, iron deficiencyanaemia(IDA) represents a majorglobalhealthconcern. This health condition is reported in 30% of non-pregnant women, 42% of pregnant women (aged 15-50 years), 12.7% of men (15 years or older) and in 47% of preschool children (aged 0 to 5 years). Several genetic polymorphisms associated with iron status havebeen identified by using genome-wide association studies. AIM: This study aimed to identify the functional polymorphismsrs855791 and rs2111833 in the transmembrane serine protease 6 (TMPRSS6) gene in female university students with IDA inthe Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: About 108 female students, aged from 18 to 25 years, were randomly selected and included to this study. Fifty-eightparticipants were iron deficient, and fifty participants were healthy. Blood samples were collected from all participants andassessed based on theirhaematologicaland biochemical iron status indices. Genotyping was carried out byusing PCR. RESULTS: The genotype distribution oftheTMPRSS6rs855791 region in female studentsfromTabuk University,northern Saudi Arabia,was0% (CC), 77.6% (CT) and 22.4% (TT) in the iron-deficient students compared to 2% (CC), 96% (CT) and 2% (TT) in the healthy students,indicating significant differences in the allelic distribution betweentheiron-deficient group andthehealthy group. The genotype distribution of theTMPRSS6rs2111833 polymorphism was 8.6% (GG), 89.7% (GA) and 1.7% (AA) inthe iron-deficient students compared to 6% (GG), 92% (GA) and 2% (AA) in the healthy students,respectively,showing no differences between the iron-deficient group andthehealthy group in allelic distribution. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrated that theTMPRSS6 polymorphism rs855791 is significantly associated with decreased iron status, whereasTMPRSS6 polymorphismrs2111833 is not linked with iron deficiency status in female university students innorthern Saudi Arabia.


Asunto(s)
Hierro/deficiencia , Proteínas de la Membrana/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Serina Endopeptidasas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Estudios de Asociación Genética , Humanos , Arabia Saudita , Adulto Joven
4.
Oman Med J ; 32(6): 486-491, 2017 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29218125

RESUMEN

Objectives: Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a serious public health issue, but limited data has been published to date on the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the seroprevalence and risk factors of T. gondii infection using a sample of females enrolled at a university in Northern Saudi Arabia. Methods: Using a cross-sectional research approach, we recruited a convenience sample of 180 healthy females studying at the University of Tabuk between February and June 2016. We used a questionnaire to gather sociodemographic data on the participants to establish the risk factors leading to exposure to toxoplasma. Blood samples were taken from the participants and analyzed to detect T. gondii antibodies (immunoglobulin M and immunoglobulin G) via the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. Multivariate logistic regression modeling was employed to establish the potential predictor variables for T. gondii infection. Results: Of the 180 participants, 17 (9.4%) were seropositive for T. gondii IgG. None tested positive for IgM antibodies exclusively. The sole variable positively associated with seropositive T. gondii IgG was the participants' consumption of raw, unwashed fruit or vegetables (odds ratio = 3.36, 95% confidence interval: 1.11-10.22). Conclusions: Our findings emphasize the need for higher awareness of toxoplasmosis in Saudi Arabia, specifically knowledge of the way toxoplasma infection occurs so that women can more easily avoid it. Large-scale research is therefore required to inform the design of future public health interventions.

5.
Clin Med Insights Womens Health ; 10: 1179562X17745088, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29225484

RESUMEN

Background: Prior data on iron deficiency anemia's (IDA) prevalence and associated risk factors among female university students are scarce in the Saudi Arabian context. This study therefore recruited a sample of female students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, to investigate IDA prevalence and risk factors and fill the identified research gap. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 200 apparently healthy female students aged between 19 and 25 years was performed between February and June 2016. Data on the participants' sociodemographics, diet, health, anthropometry, and hematological and biochemical iron status indices were gathered. A logistic regression analysis then revealed the IDA risk factors. Results: The IDA prevalence was 12.5%. The factors associated via logistic regression with an elevated anemia risk were inadequate iron and vitamin C intakes, infrequent (≤2 times per week) consumption of red meat, frequent (≥2 times per week) tea consumption, and a past personal history of IDA. Conclusions: The findings suggest that focused education and awareness strategies are needed to improve nutritional habits by encouraging the consumption of rich dietary iron sources and by raising awareness of the food and drinks which facilitate or hinder the bioavailability of iron.

6.
Clin Med Insights Womens Health ; 10: 1179562X17702391, 2017.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28579866

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A high hypovitaminosis D prevalence has repeatedly been reported in Middle Eastern countries. Previous data regarding the vitamin D status of young women in Saudi Arabia and the related hypovitaminosis D risk factors are scarce, so this research assessed hypovitaminosis D prevalence and its risk factors among apparently healthy female university students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional research used a convenience sample of healthy female students (n = 180) aged between 19 and 25 years in May 2016. Information was gathered on the participants' sociodemographics, health, lifestyle, dietary intakes, anthropometry, and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), and a logistic regression analysis was performed to assess hypovitaminosis D risk factors. RESULTS: The sample's hypovitaminosis D prevalence (25(OH)D <30 ng/mL) was 80.6%. The main determinants of hypovitaminosis D were as follows: urban residence (odds ratio [OR] = 6.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.74-5.63), rare sun exposure (OR = 6.14; 95% CI, 2.15-17.55), and insufficient vitamin D intake (OR = 2.50; 95% CI, 1.07-5.81). CONCLUSIONS: The findings emphasize that despite plentiful sunshine, Saudi Arabia and the Middle East face a vitamin D deficiency epidemic. Vitamin D status must therefore be assessed at the national level so that strategies aimed at boosting vitamin D levels can be instigated.

7.
Int J Biomed Sci ; 13(1): 13-19, 2017 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28533732

RESUMEN

E-cadherin is a cell surface adhesion molecules that play an important role in tissue differentiation. FGFR1 is expressed in the developing and mature skeleton in patterns suggestive of both unique and redundant function. Expression levels of E-cadherin and FGFR1 during osteoblastogenesis unclear. In this study primary calvarial mouse osteoblasts were differentiated to mature osteoblasts in osteogenic medium. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, alizarin red staining, gene expression (Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), collagen 1 (COL1A2), osteocalcin, E-cadherin and FGFR1) and protein expression (E-cadherin and FGFR1) of osteogenic-cultured primary mouse osteoblast were analysed in this study. The osteogenesis capacity of primary osteoblasts was significantly promoted as ALP activity, alizarin red staining, and the relative expression of Runx2 mRNA and COL1A2 mRNA significantly increased during osteoblastogenesis. The results demonstrated that E-cadherin mRNA and protein were expressed in immature osteoblasts (day 7), but not in mature osteoblasts (day 28). In contrast, the expression of FGFR1 mRNA and protein significantly highly expressed in mature osteoblasts (day 28) compared with immature osteoblasts (day 7). In conclusion, this study demonstrated that E-cadherin could be used as a marker for immature osteoblasts, whereas FGFR1 could be used as a marker for mature osteoblasts during in vitro osteoblastogenesis.

8.
J Biol Res (Thessalon) ; 24: 9, 2017 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28523251

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In calvarial mice, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into osteoprogenitor cells and then differentiate into osteoblasts that differentiate into osteocytes, which become embedded within the bone matrix. In this case, the cells participating in bone formation include MSCs, osteoprogenitor cells, osteoblasts and osteocytes. The calvariae of C57BL/KaLwRijHsD mice consist of the following five bones: two frontal bones, two parietal bones and one interparietal bone. This study aimed to analyse some bone marker genes and bone related genes to determine whether these calvarial bones have different bone microenvironments. METHODS: C57BL/KaLwRijHsD calvariae were carefully excised from five male mice that were 4-6 weeks of age. Frontal, parietal, and interparietal bones were dissected to determine the bone microenvironment in calvariae. Haematoxylin and eosin staining was used to determine the morphology of different calvarial bones under microscopy. TaqMan was used to analyse the relative expression of Runx2, OC, OSX, RANK, RANKL, OPG, N-cadherin, E-cadherin, FGF2 and FGFR1 genes in different parts of the calvariae. RESULTS: Histological analysis demonstrated different bone marrow (BM) areas between the different parts of the calvariae. The data show that parietal bones have the smallest BM area compared to frontal and interparietal bones. TaqMan data show a significant increase in the expression level of Runx2, OC, OSX, RANKL, OPG, FGF2 and FGFR1 genes in the parietal bones compared with the frontal and interparietal bones of calvariae. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that different calvarial bones, frontal, parietal and interparietal, contain different bone microenvironments.

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