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1.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(7): 978-985, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34290172

RESUMEN

Background: Self-care practices in individuals with diabetes are important skills required to effectively prevent, manage, and limit complications associated with diabetes since patients spend considerably less time with health care providers than spend alone to manage their diabetes condition. Aims: The aim of the study was to assess self-cate practices and their determinants among patients with type 2 diabetes. Hence, this study aimed at assessing self-care practices and their determinants among patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive, multi-center study was conducted among 348 type 2 diabetes patients selected from six tertiary hospitals in Southwest Nigeria. Descriptive statistical analysis was employed for categorical and continuous variables and multivariable logistic regression assessed association between determinant factors and adherence to self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). Results: Of the study participants, 83.1%, 66.9%, 28.4%, and 27.9% adhered to prescribed medications, physical exercise, had meal plans incorporated into their diabetes management and SMBG, respectively. There was a statistically significant association between male gender, duration of diabetes, and previous episode of hypoglycemia with adherence to SMBG practices while lower educational level and use of insulin were associated with less likelihood of adherence to prescribed medications. Conclusion: The degree to which individuals with diabetes adhered to recommended self-care practice components were less than satisfactory especially SMBG, physical activity, and having meal plans.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Glucemia , Automonitorización de la Glucosa Sanguínea , Estudios Transversales , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Nigeria , Autocuidado
2.
West Afr J Med ; 37(7): 750-756, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296483

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common medical condition which has long been recognized as a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in developed countries but that remains underdiagnosed, particularly in rural communities. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of adults who have a high risk of obstructive sleep apnoea in a sample of adults living in Ejigbo, a rural community in south western Nigeria. METHODS: This was a community-based cross-sectional descriptive study done to assess the prevalence of high risk of obstructive sleep apnoea in adult residents of the community using the STOP-BANG questionnaire. Data collected include socio-demographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements and blood pressure. A blood sample was also taken for lipid profile. Factors associated with a high risk of obstructive sleep apnoea were identified. RESULTS: The study involved 257 participants out of which 88 (34.2%) had a high risk of OSA. Risk of obstructive sleep apnoea was significantly associated with male sex (p<0.001), age (p<0.001), body mass index (BMI) (p=0.001), neck circumference (p<0.001), cigarette smoking (p=0.039) and low density lipoprotein (p=0.043). CONCLUSION: Obstructive sleep apnoea is relatively common in the study area. This calls for urgent preventive measures to stem the tide and mitigate the associated morbidity and mortality.


Asunto(s)
Población Rural , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño , Adulto , Índice de Masa Corporal , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Nigeria/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño/epidemiología
3.
West Afr J Med ; 37(3): 201-208, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476111

RESUMEN

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the leading chronic diseases in low- and middle-income countries globally including Nigeria The morbidities and mortalities associated with diabetes especially in Nigeria, have remained unacceptably high compared to many other nations. It has become one of the leading causes of stroke, blindness, heart attack and end-stage kidney disease. Most deaths occur in those below 60 years of age, the productive segments of the population. Health situation in Nigeria is characterised by double burden of illness, grossly inadequate health spending, and inadequate healthcare personnel especially in the rural areas. Shortage of diabetes care specialist is one of the major barriers to diabetes care in Nigeria. Mobile phone has emerged as one of the potent strategies that can impact positively on diabetes care if properly harnessed. The ubiquitous access and the multitasking nature of mobile phones are great opportunities to improve diabetes prevention, patient care, encourage self-management, support healthy behavioural changes and an ideal way of providing patient-centred care at the frequency and intensity that patient desires. In addition, there is a potential for mobile phones to provide an effective way of giving support to patients in rural and remote areas where health care provider contact may be less accessible. Use of short message services (SMS) phone calls, video calls and the use of social media networking applications are some of the ways a mobile phone can be used in diabetes management.


Asunto(s)
Uso del Teléfono Celular/estadística & datos numéricos , Teléfono Celular , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Envío de Mensajes de Texto , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nigeria , Sistemas Recordatorios , Autocuidado
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